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Introduction to Nepal

“Namaste”
( 너머스떼 )
안녕하세요
7th Nov,2008

Dept. of Electronics
Presented By:
ITRC RFIC Center
Ram K.Maharjan Kwangwoon Univ.
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I Contents of Presentation
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1. Location of Nepal in the World


2. Brief History
3. Brief Information of Nepal
4. Geography
5. Economy
6. Education System
7. Culture
8. Religion
9. Foods of Nepal
10.Nepal is Famous for
11.More about Nepal

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I Nepal on the Globe
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Nepal Occupies about 0.03% of the World!


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I Nepal in Asia
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Nepal Occupies about 0.3% of the Asia!


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I Nepal in the World Map
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Nepal is Located Southern Part of Asia,
Landlocked Himalayan Country,

Lies Between Republic of China and India


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I Coordinates of Nepal in The World
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Latitude: 260 22’ and 300 27’ N
Longitude: 8004’ and 880 12’ E

World time: NPT (UTC+5:45)


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I Expansion of Nepal
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Nepal, (in Nepali: नेपाल)

The Country is Elongated from East to West,


Breadth Lies from North to South

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I Brief History of Nepal
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Historically,
 Nepal had Many Small Kingdoms
before 1768.
 The Modern State was Formed with
the Unification of Nepal.
 United by The King Prithvi Narayan
Shah on December 21, 1768.
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I Symbols of Nepal
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National Flag Official Stamp


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I Brief History of Nepal
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 Prior to 2006, Nepal was a kingdom.


 Nepal is now a Federal Democratic
Republic.
 From 1996 until 2006, Nepal Suffered
from a Civil War between Government
Forces and Guerrillas of the Communist
Party of Nepal (Maoist).

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I Brief History of Nepal
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 On December 28, 2007,


The Interim Parliament passed a bill and
declared Nepal to be a Federal
Democratic Republic.
 The First Meeting of the Constituent
Assembly Officially Implemented that
Declaration on May 28, 2008.

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I New Nepal is Reformed!
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Hope that Peace, Progress and Prosperity comes together!


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I Brief Information of Nepal
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 Country Nepal:
संघीय लोकतािनतक गणतनत नेपाल
(Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl)
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
 Government Republic :
President- Ram Baran Yadav
Vice President- Parmanand Jha
Prime Minister -Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(Prachanda)
 Unification : Kingdom declared December 21, 1768,
State declared January 15, 2007 ,
Republic declared May 28, 2008

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I Leaders of Nepal
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President Prime Minister


Dr. Ram Baran Yadav Mr. Pushpa K. Dahal
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(Prachanda)
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I Brief Information of Nepal
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 Area:
- Total 147,181 km² ( 56,827 sq mi )
- Water (%) 2.8
 Population:
- July 2008 estimate 29,519,114 (40th)
- 2007 census 28,875,140
- Density 184/km² (56th) 477/sq mi
 GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate:
- Total $29.522 billion (96th)
- Per capita $1,078 (159th) GDP (nominal)
 2008 estimate:
- Total $10.328 billion (115th)
- Per capita $377 (167st)
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Central City of Kathmandu, Nepal
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Internet Domain: .np


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International Dialling Code: +977
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I Brief Information of Nepal
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Media: Radio & Television Broadcasting


 Radio is listened to throughout the kingdom;
 As of 2007, there are more than 55 Radio Stations
 MW , SW and FM local radio stations,
 Television was only introduced to Nepal in the 1980s
 Currently there are six National television channels:
 Nepal Television - the Government television channel.
 Also many other networks, i.e. Cable Networks
 India, and international satellite Channels

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I Geographical View of Nepal
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Nepal is divided into three main regions

Mountainous Region
Hilly Region,
Terai (Plain) Region.

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I Geographical Position of Nepal
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 Geography of Nepal is Uncommonly Diverse.


 Nepal is of Roughly Trapezoidal Shape,
 880 km (550 mi) long and
 240 km (130 mi) wide,
 with an area of 147,181 square km (56,827 sq mi).
 Nepal is basically divided into 3 physiographic areas:
 The Mountain Region (15%)
 Hilly Region (68%), and
 Terai Regions (17%).

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Topographic map of Nepal
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I Geographical Map of Nepal
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Kathmandu is the Capital of Nepal


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I Economy of Nepal
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 Import/Export
Exports - Commodities: Carpets, Clothing, Leather goods, Jute goods,
Grains etc.
Imports - Commodities: Gold, Machinery and Equipment, Petroleum
Products, Fertilizer
 Natural Resources:
Limestone, Magnesite, Zinc, Copper, Iron, Mica, Lead, Coal ,and
Cobalt
 Business: Mainly with India, China, Japan, Germany, USA etc.
 Industries: Tourism, Carpet, Textile; Small Rice, Jute, Sugar, and Oilseed
Mills; Cigarette; Cement and Brick Production
 Agriculture - Products: Rice, Maize, Wheat, Sugarcane, Root Crops; Milk,
Birds & Animal Farming, Mushroom, vegetables etc.

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Paper Notes of Nepal
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I Economy of Nepal
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 Currency: 1 Nepalese rupee (NPR) = 100 paisa

 Exchange rates: Nepalese rupees (NPR) per USD$1 –


 64.20 (2007),
 78.88 (2002),
 74.95 (2001),
 68.253 (1999),
 65.976 (1998),
 58.010 (1997),
 56.692 (1996),
 51.890 (1995)

 F year: 16 July - 15 July

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I Economy of Nepal
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Economic Statistics
 Some Data already Given in Brief Information of
Nepal
 GDP - Per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,400
 GDP - Composition by sector:
Agriculture: 40%
Industry: 20%
Services: 40% (2002 est.)

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I Economy of Nepal
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 Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices): 2.4%


 Labor Force - by Occupation:
 Agriculture 81%,
 Services 16%,
 Industry 3%
 Unemployment Rate: 47%
 Industrial Production Growth Rate: 8.7%
 Electricity - production: 1,755 GWh
 Electricity - Production by Source:
- Fossil fuel: 8.5%
- Hydro: 91.5%
- Other: 0%
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Economy Statistics of Nepal
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 Electricity - Consumption: 1,764 GWh


 Electricity - Exports: 95 GWh
 Electricity - Imports: 227 GWh
 Oil - production: 0 barrel/day
 Oil - Consumption: 16,000 barrel/day (2,500 m³/d)
 Exports: $568 million f.o.b., but does not include unrecorded
border trade with India (2002 est.)
 Exports - commodities: carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute
goods, grain
 Exports - partners: India 50.5%, US 26%, Germany 6.6%

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I Education System in Nepal
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 Education in School
1. Nursery 2. Lower Kindergarten (LKG)
3. Upper Kindergarten (UKG) 4. First Grade
5. Second Grade 6. Third Grade
7. Fourth Grade 8. Fifth Grade
9. Sixth Grade 10. Seventh Grade
11. Eighth Grade 12. Ninth Grade
13. Tenth Grade 14. SLC (School Leaving Certificate)
(not a class but a test)
 Educations in College / University
15. 10+2 (I.A) (two years)
16. Bachelors (three or four years)
17. Masters (two years)
17. Ph.D. (two…...years)
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Educational oversight : Ministry of Education and Sports
Minister of Education
Renu Kumari Yadav
National education budget $98.64 million (2007)
Primary language(s) Nepalese

Central system
Establishment Education Act
Enacted August 9, 1971
Last amended January 28, 2004

Literacy (2001) 53.7%


• Men 65.1%
• Women 42.5%

Enrollment 6,373,003
• Primary 4,030,045
• Secondary 2,195,8352
• Post-secondary 147,123

Attainment
• Secondary diploma 46.2%
• Post-secondary diploma unavailable

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Source of information: Ministry of Education and Sports website
2
Includes, "Lower secondary", "secondary", and "higher secondary"

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Culture of Nepal
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 Multi-cultural, Multi-ethnic Nation


 Rich Cultural Heritage
 Cultural Diversity of Various Social Groups
 Depend on the Locations
 Diversity of Languages
 Diversity of Foods
 Diversity of Customs

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I Culture Show in Pictures
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Statues of Buddha
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Praying Kumari
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Old Palace in the Centre of Kathmandu
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F Mask of God (Pachali Bhairab)
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F Culture (Different Festivals)
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Tihar (October)
worship Goddess Laxmi, the Goddess of wealth

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Culture (Holi)
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Holi (Splashed with water balloons and vermillion powder)

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People Living in Nepal are called Nepali or Nepalese
S/No. Languages % of Total Population
1. Nepali 58.4
2. Bhojpuri 7.6
3. Tamang 3.5
4. Abadhi 1.5
5. Magar 1.4
6. Limbu 0.9
7. Maithili 11.1
8. Tharu 3.6
9. Newari 3.0
10. Rai 1.5
11 Gurung 1.2
12. Other 6.3
Nepali is our Official Language
English is Second Official Language! ITRC RFIC Center/ KWU
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 TeejAug.26th, (a festival of womanhood)

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Jan.30th, (Sherpas)

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 Aug, teen-aged boys dressed up as cows, parade the streets of the town
 cows help the members of the family who died within that year to travel
to heaven smoothly

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Culture of Various Foods
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Kinds of Foods depend on Festivals, Seasons etc.


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I Religion of Nepal
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We all are in One Country


 Hindu---Temples
 Buddhist-Buddha Temple/Monasteries
 Muslim --Mosque
 Christians-Church

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Nepal Religiosity Religion Percent


 Hinduism   80.6%
 Buddhism   10.7%
 Islam   4.2%
 Mundhum   3.6%
 Christianity   0.5%
 Other   0.4%

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I Nepal is Famous for
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 Nepal is a Small Country,


 Nepal’s Landscape is Uncommonly Diverse,
 Ranging from the Humid Terai in the South
to the Lofty
 Himalayas in the North.
 Nepal Boasts Eight of the World's Top Ten
Highest Mountains,
 Including Mount Everest (Ghyamaloma)

Sagarmatha in Nepali
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I Top Mountains of the World!
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World Top 10 - Countries by Highest Mountains


S/No Word’s Top 10 Mountains Heights

1. Mt. Everest 8850 m

2. K2 (Godwin Austen) 8611 m

3. Kanchenjunga 8598 m

4. Lhotse 8501 m

5. Makalu 8475 m

6. Lhote Shar 8383 m

7. Dhaulagiri 8167 m

8. Manaslu 8163 m

9. Cho Oyu 8153 m

10. Nanga Parbat 8125 m

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F Mt. Everest ( 8850 m)
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F K2 (Godwin Austen) 8611 m
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F Kanchanjungha (8598 m)
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F Lhotse (8501m)
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F Makalu (8475 m)
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F Cho Oyu (8153 m)
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The Country has been also Famous for its


 Tourism,
 Trekking,
 Hiking,
 Camping,
 Mountain Biking,
 National Wildlife Parks,
 Jungle Safaris,
 River Rafting,
 Sport Fishing,
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F Domestic Flights Routs
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Gateway of Everest: Namche


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F Buddha Temple nearby Mountain
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Buddha Monastery
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F Plain side of the River: Kaligandaki
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F Kathmandu : Patan Square
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F Patan City Centre Area
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F More Temples in Kathmandu Valley
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F Patan: Mangal Bazzar
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Tansen Country Side
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F Celebration of Festival in Village
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F My Village: Pharping
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F Pharping in Winter Morning
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F Again Scene of Pharping Village side
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F Beauty of Nature
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F See You Again!
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You Are Most Welcome to Visit Nepal!

Thank You!
ITRC RFIC Center/ KWU

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