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Living in a Network

Centric World

Network Fundamentals – Chapter 1

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Objectives
 Describe how networks impact our daily lives.
 Describe the role of data networking in the human
network.
 Identify the key components of any data network.
 Identify the opportunities and challenges posed by
converged networks.
 Describe the characteristics of network architectures:
fault tolerance, scalability, quality of service and
security.
 Install and use IRC clients and a Wiki server.

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How Networks Impact Daily Life
 Explain the benefits of instantaneous communication
and how it supports and improves our lives.

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How Networks Impact Daily Life
 Describe the characteristics and purpose of popular
communication media such as, IM, Wikis , Blogs,
Podcasting, and Collaboration Tools
–Instant messaging
•Real time communication
between 2 or more
people based on typed text
–Weblogs (Blogs)
•Web pages created
by an individual
–Podcasting
•Website that contains
audio files available
for downloading
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How Networks Impact Daily Life
 Explain ways that using information networks to share
and collaborate improves teaching and learning

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How Networks Impact Daily Life
 Describe ways communication over a network changes
the way we work

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How Networks Impact Daily Life
 Describe ways communication over a network supports
the way we play

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Data Networking Role, Components, and
Challenges
 Basic characteristics of communication
–Rules or agreements are 1st established
–Important information may need to be repeated
–Various modes of communication may impact the
effectiveness of getting the message across.

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Data Networking Role, Components, and
Challenges
 Describe the role of data networking in communications

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Data Networking Role, Components, and
Challenges
 Describe the various
elements that make up a
network
–Devices
•These are used to
communicate with one
another
–Medium
•This is how the devices
are connected together
–Messages
•Information that travels
over the medium
–Rules
•Governs how messages
flow across network

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Data Networking Role, Components, and
Challenges
 Describe the role of converged networks in
communications
–Converged network
• A type of network that can carry voice, video & data over
the same network

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Network Architecture Characteristics
 Explain four characteristics that are addressed by
network architecture design
–Fault tolerance
–Scalability
–Quality of service
–Security

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Network Architecture Characteristics
 Describe how packet switching helps improve the
resiliency and fault tolerance of the Internet architecture

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Network Architecture Characteristics
 Describe characteristics of the Internet that help it scale
to meet user demand
–Hierarchical
–Common standards
–Common protocols

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Network Architecture Characteristics
 Explain the factors that necessitate Quality of Service
and the mechanisms necessary to ensure it

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Network Architecture Characteristics
 Describe how QoS mechanisms work to ensure quality
of service for applications that require it.

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Network Architecture Characteristics
 Describe how to select the appropriate QoS strategy for
a given type of traffic

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Network Architecture Characteristics
 Describe why networks must be secure

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Network Architecture Characteristics
 Describe basic measures to secure data networks
–Ensure confidentiality through use of
•User authentication
•Data encryption
–Maintain communication integrity through use of
•Digital signatures
–Ensure availability through use of
•Firewalls
•Redundant network
architecture
•Hardware without a single
point of failure

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IRC Clients and Wiki Server
 Install and use IRC clients and a Wiki server

© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 20


Summary

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