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Gu id eli ne

1. Please complete the attached fo rm as specific as

possible, the Post Report of APEC e-Lea rning Tra ining

Program, wh ich will be submitte d to APEC HRD Wor king


2. Submission of th is Post Repo rt is the
st nd
compulsory/obligator y task for l to 2 APEC e-

Lea rning Tra ining P rogram partic ipant s on 20 06.

3. Outsta nding reports which include importan t sources and

or iginal idea will be published in semi-an nual APCJ

(Asia-Paci fic Cybereducation Journal, on 20 07.

4. Please submit the complete d re port to

adorno7 or adorno 71@han by 30

January 20 07. Thank y ou for y our cooperation.
APEC e -L ear ni ng Tr ai ni ng Pro gr am Po st

Rep ort

Name M. Yusuf Econo my Indon esia
Organization SMA Negeri Position English teacher

70, Jaka rta
Att end ed Round 2nd Tra inee 61 06 3

** Please state each of following items.

Each answer mus t be leas t 50 0-word long , otherw ise your
specif ic idea or op inion in e-Learning field would be difficult
to be analyzed.

1. Which was the most useful conte nt among this AP EC e-
Lea rning Training Program? Or which item has great impact on
impro ving your actual work, and why? (Please write at least 500
words each question)
The speed of internet connection in Indonesia is the major problem for
most teachers to implement e-learning-based teaching and learning
materials. The problem lays not in creating the materials but in accessing
the tasks/assignments given by the teacher; when students are asked to
do a project for example. The delivery of the project would be very
difficult if it is done via internet regarding the speed of the connection. It
will be worse if the project consist quite a lot of capacity making it very
slow for students to upload it and the same thing will happen to the
teacher when he/she downloads the students’ projects to evaluate their
works. Working online seems to be the most difficult things to do for
teacher and students in Indonesia when it comes to the loading and
uploading of the tasks. Unlike Korea where broadband internet service is
already settled, Indonesia is still struggling to realize this fast internet
connection regarding the high cost. Until today it is only a rumor that
certain private parties will be investing in this sector. However, it is not
expected to be realized by the end of this year. PT Telkom, the
Indonesian widest national network company, was reportedly not ready
to provide such broadband network (TEMPO, January 22-28 20007
edition) as this will be too costly to change the now-installed network.

The involvement of multi media devices is really a challenging job for
most teachers in their teaching and learning activities. In order that this
can be realized, I personally think Blended Learning is the answer.
There are certain activities that can be done off-line. There are others,
as long the internet connection support the activities well, that can be
done on-line. Problem Base Learning and Project Base Learning (PBL)
are of great importance. Certain samples given by some Korean teachers
during the 2nd E-learning Training in Busan, Korea (November 11 – 24,
2006) are good examples that can be relatively easy to do without
worrying to much on the internet connection. When it comes to the
submission of the tasks/assignments/projects, students can do so in
forms of CD or DVD or they can perform their presentation in front of
the teachers and other students using projectors (Infocus) which are
commonly done in my school at 70 Government Senior High Scholl,
Jakarta. Even though it is a rough calculation, I think nearly 100 % public
schools in Indonesia are not ready to enhance internet to support e-
learning in the meaning that all the activities are web-based. SMA Negeri
70, the school where I teach, even do not have a school web site yet. It’s
about the policy of the school. How can we build a school-based LMS if
the school even does not provide a website as a media for teachers,
students, or parents to communicate on line through an institutional web
Actually, there is a kind of LMS managed by the Jakarta Local Office of
Education called SAS (Sistim Administrasi Sekolah = School
Administration System). But this is only intended for teachers to make
entries of the school syllabus the teacher/s has/have created, teacher’s
profile, the scoring system, students’ report book, etc and the student
can access such information. This site is not intended to access
interactive teaching and learning activities between students and
teachers and among students themselves. So by following this kind of
system, teachers are ideally busied with the updating of the syllabus,
evaluating and reevaluating students’ performance and making the
correction of students’ performance in the web, etc. Teachers’ energy, if
this kind of system is implemented, will be absorbed in doing evaluation
not concentrating in the teaching and learning process. I do hope that
ALCoB members from different countries share their knowledge relating
to the policy of the Education system in their economies . It would be
better if there is an international conference regarding the education
system and the policy made by each APEC economy.
2. After the graduation from the APEC e-Learning Tra ining
Program, do you continuously commu nicate with other trainees
to share the op inion or idea regarding International Education
Cooperat ion? If so, what do you think is the most effic ien t wa y
to com municate with each other? And what kind of subj ect do
you mainly discu ss about? (Please write at least 500 words each
Ideally, it is quite beneficial for any ALCoB members especially those

who have gone through the APEC e-learning Training Program to

continuously communicate with others/other trainees to share opinion or

idea regarding International Education Cooperation. Internet seems to be

the most effective and convenient way to do so either through e-mail

or by chatting via messengers or other sites. Once again, I have to say

that internet connection as the most effective way to communicate on

line can be a problem for some trainees. The use of internet in Indonesia

is relatively expensive so most trainees in my economy depend on the

school’s internet connection. The lack of the number of computers makes

it quite impossible for teachers to involve their students in the chatting

and e-mail writing as part of teaching and learning activities. So most

teachers find it most convenient to communicate with their counterparts

from other economies after school where other teachers have already

gone home. Another problem is that not all school install internet

In our economy, we have a site where most Indonesian ALCoB

members communicate and share their ideas, experiences, knowledge,

etc. We call this site as ALCoB Indonesia. Via this media we benefit the

exchanging of information about various issues, from common issues to

specific ones such as asking how to run certain programs in the CD Rom.

From this community website I could follow the news about the medical

treatment one of my friends from Indonesia had to go through during

the 3rd round e-learning training program. I should express my gratitude

for anything the committee did to her.

I teach English and I hope I could communicate with other English

teachers. Are there any website gathering English teachers in ALCoB? If

there are any, would anyone inform me about that web? Actually, there

are link sites in ALCoB that I prefer much to communicate but I don’t

know why I find it very difficult to log in right after I register. I was

always instructed to get back to the main page. Was it related to the

internet connection?

3. After the graduation from the Training Pr ogram, ha ve you
appl y the theory which you learned from this prog ram to you r
actual wor k? Please share your exper ienc e as specific as
possible. For example, the result of apply ing the theory
learned from the collaborative stu dy, the result of spreading
the accumulated knowledge to your colleagues, learned from
this Tra ining Program, and the result of apply ing the theory
learned from the Tra ining Program to improve you r own
wor ks. (Please write at least 500 hundred words each question)
As I have mentioned previously, the speed of internet connection in
Indonesia is not as fast as those in countries with broadband internet
network. So the sharing of the knowledge we have acquired in the e-
learning training program can only be done mostly offline. 70 Senior High
School, Jakarta (SMAN 70 Jakarta), the school where I currently teach,
has no less than 100 teachers. Several days after coming back from
Busan, Korea, I shared my experience during the training with my
colleagues at SMAN 70 with the help of pictures and other digitally
collected information stored in my note book. Those who know about the
importance of broadband internet connection were very impressed with
the speed of the connection. Others are amazed with all the Korean have
achieved, especially those related to the IT technology. Not long after
this event, in front of South Jakarta English teachers forum I shared my
knowledge on e-learning. With the limitation of IT knowledge of the
participants, I come to the conclusion that it is really quite a challenging
job to change their orientation from a conventional English teaching
approach where face to face (lecturing methodology) sessions dominate,
to a more “sophisticated/modern” and collaborative studies. There are
many reasons why it is relatively difficult to change the teachers’
orientation. One of the reason is the lack of knowledge in using computer
and its application. The lack of interest in using computer and internet
connection in their teaching and learning activities explains the reason
why this can happen to most schools. The limitation in infrastructures
can also be the reason why many teachers are not motivated in applying
IT in their teaching. I think our economy should pay much more intention
to the emergency condition of providing IT technology in education. With
the support of the government, teachers can be easily lead to a new
paradigm of teaching and learning activities involving interactive
multimedia devices. Strictly-confined with the content of the national
curriculum in the teachers’ teaching and learning activities is another
reason why conventional teaching methodology seems to be quite
difficult to change. I once shared my knowledge on applying project-
based learning in front of the same teachers forum mentioned above. In
this forum I presented some of the results of my students’ projects. At
the end, some of them commented that it was quite interesting and
challenging. The problem is that most of them do not know a lot about
the computer application related to the making of the projects. Instead,
their primary interest was knowing the different kinds of texts/genres
and the characteristics of each type text. Why? Knowledge about this
things is needed for English teachers to prepare the students to face the
national examination in which 35 out of 50 questions are reading
comprehension questions mostly testing student’s theoretical knowledge
on the different types of texts as contained in the national curriculum.
Ridiculous? Well, that what happens. Even though each school is
independent in creating its own curriculum, practically it should follow
the content of the national curriculum to prevent having students fail in
the national exam. It has been a long controversy about the
implementation of the national exam but it will still be implemented and
regarded as the standard for any high school students to complete their
studies in this 2006-2007 academic year.
Collaborative studies in English learning can, in many cases, form
students to work independently. This can be shown by the results of the
students projects. Stored in VCD or DVD my students in SMAN 70 have
shown their descent capabilities in communicating their ideas in real life
situation in English such as interviewing certain interviewees on certain
occasions. Due to the speed of the internet connection I find it impossible
to insert this video file in this e-mail regarding the long hours to
complete the uploading. However if it is needed, I try to send it by post
to anyone need them.

4. Do you have any idea or sugges tion to improve con tinuous
cooperat ion among tra ine es? (Please write at least 300 hundred
words each question)
APEC Learning Community for Shared Prosperity. That is what
everyone can see when opening ALCoB website. As a getway it is
expected that every ALCoBer has equal chances to develop him/herself
to a better person. The gap between certain economies in achieving IT
advancement compared with others, in some cases, is quite wide so it is
difficult to smoothly transfer any ideas, knowledge, suggestions, etc.
from one economy who has very limited infrastructure to another
economy either with better, relatively the same or even worse
I still remember the lecture delivered by Prof. Young Hwan Kim about
the existence of certain communities. ALCoB, like other communities
should be maintained in such away that every member has high sense of
belonging and responsibility. This can be done by:
1. Continuous involvement of each economy to encourage each
member to participate in certain events, either on line or offline through
competitions, sharing program, training program, etc. conducted and
regulated by any party which has the authority to do so. Fixing the
schedule, announcing the events publicly are the most important thing to
invite each member involvement.
2. Number 1 above can be similarly applied at regional, and
international levels. It should be really kept in mind that any websites
responsible for the continuous cooperation among trainees are easy to
access, filled with up to date content and program.
3. Teachers exchange program should be intensively and extensively
open. Letting those who are very enthusiastic and energetic to have
frequent chances to exchange his/her cultural backgrounds to others.
Cooperation among economy should be highly intensified.
4. Potential teachers teaching certain subjects should be given more
rooms to share his/her ideas with other teachers teaching similar subject.
ALCoB website gathering teacher with similar subjects is a must. There
should be scheduled offline meetings either locally, regionally, or
internationally for teacher with similar subject to share their experiences
in applying certain methodologies, approaches, related to various cultural
background of each area, region and economy.
5. To prov ide the better prog ram, we would like to ask your
comme nt opinion on APEC e-Lea rning Tra ining Program.
(Please write at least 300 hundred words each question)
Two thumbs up for the committee of last year APEC e-Learning
Training Program. You have shown your descent capabilities and skills in
arranging international events. It seems that you all never run out of your
energy in making that event successful. Anyway, I find that some
improvement is needed regarding arrangement of the schedule. I do not
know whether it was intentionally done but I find some tours were not
conveniently arranged. On certain occasions where I find it was
beneficial for the trainees to gather information needed to prepare
anything, the report for example, from the internet, certain tours did not
seem to be convenient. Consequently, working at the hotel room to
gather the necessary information was frequently accompanied by
tiredness. It would better for the trainees to have more chances and
longer time to access much information and knowledge through high
speed internet connection. It is like a heaven for any participants from
minimum IT infrastructure economy to have broadband connection. Well
that’s all I can comment. Thank you.