You are on page 1of 15

c

c
c
c

c c

cc

c  cc
c
c
c
? 
   
c
c
c
c


    
   
  
 
  








cccc
 !c  
"c
#$#c
c

Table of Contents
c

c  
? !c
c
c "#$   

%? !c
c
c º# %%? &c
c
c $  ? 'c
c
c ? "
"%%? (c
c
c  )? *
"  

 
%%? +c
c
c ,? "
"%? +c
c
c 6# 
 
?
- " %%? +c
c
c .6  %? /0c
c
c  

" 
)1  

%%%%? //c
c
c   
)  
%? /2c
c
c ,3- %? /2c
c
c $. 
%? /4c
c
c , "%%? /!c
c
c   

 
%%? /&
c
c

c
c
c

c%c    c
c
c

c
ccc    
c 
c 
c 
c
c
  
c cccc  c 

c

c

$c%c    c
c
c

c

c c

  c
The Federal Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education (FBISE) Islamabad was established
under the ACT of 1975. Before 1975, there was no central body; executing education
courses/syllabuses that were planned to be taught to our younger generation with any aim set of
what education does our nation needs. After the partition with Bangladesh in 1971, Pakistan was
faced with the most vital aspect of economic development which was human development thus
FBISE was inaugurated in 1975 and started its operations as an autonomous body of the Ministry
of Education; which means that it bears its no own financial expenditures with its own revenue
generation and has the powers to attain or dispose off Assets and its liabilities. It is empowered
with administrative and financial authority to organize, regulate, develop and control
Intermediate and Secondary Education in general and conduct examinations in the institutions
affiliated with it. FBISE was certified ISO 9001:2000 (Quality Management System) on
December 4th, 2007 and its Expiry date is November 26th, 2010. A couple of years ago FBISE
issued its new syllabus pattern to make its students as competitive as of the students of GCE
Ordinary Level or Advanced Level by introducing Multiple Choice Questions with short
questions along with previously attained long questions with the average share of questions in a
single examination 20%, 50% and 30% respectively. But when the GCE marking scheme or
paper checking criteria was further enforced, the result for 2007-8 was devastating producing
30% result overall. Since than from 2009 the paper pattern is same but the checking criteria was
made very lenient to accommodate students who were failing their examinations or getting very
less marks to this sudden change of marking scheme.

cc 
! 
c
To contribute towards the progressive attainment of national aims and objectives through thus
directed education courses at the Secondary and Higher Secondary levels within the country and
abroad; of all the Pakistani schools which are affiliated with FBISE through a fair, transparent
and efficient examination system, with a futuristic vision with Globally Competitive educational
subjects supplying into the market, under overall supervision and in particular case with the aid
of the Federal Ministry of Education and in close collaboration with the other Sister Boards of
Education.

&c%c    c
c
c

º  
c
c h nstraton & HR Dept:
†c Provides support and service for the activities of the Board of Directors of FBISEc
†c Coordination with other Sister Boards such as Rawalpindi Board etc. Disbursing
Information Internally and Externally, and provision of interaction between
different departmentsc
†c Looking after the Board¶s operations and keeping them in liaison with their legal
& educational policiesc
†c Coordination of construction, maintenance, and keeping buildings issuesc
†c Issuing the amount charged from institutions as affiliation fee, examination fee or
any other sort of fee or revenuec
†c Coordination & provision of logistical issuesc
†c Recruiting & training of employees c
c 2 anaton Dept:
=c jecrecy & Con ct:
†c Receive schedule of examination from the examination coordinatorsc
†c Receive list of eligible students for each examination from the
examination coordinatorc
†c Assign anonymous number to each studentc
†c Receive question paper from the respective coordinatorc
†c Formatting of the Examination papersc
†c Obtain a signed copy of the examination paper after review by the
respective examination coordinator, before photocopyingc
†c Delivery of the examination paper to the respective venuec
†c Collection of the answer scripts and examination papers from the
respective venuec
†c Send statistical analysis to the respective examination coordinator for
reviewc
†c Compilation of the resultsc
c Research Dept:
†c Organizes in-service training programs for teachers, School administrators etc.c
†c suggest appropriate new educational techniques and methodologiesc
†c Creates awareness among teachers/students about the need of guidance by
delivering lecturesc
†c Searches out educational problems and their remediesc
†c Reviews school text books in the light of FBISE policiesc
c
c

c%c    c
c
c

c hca ec Dept:
†c Schedule and update coursesc
†c Manage Online Enrollment c
†c Publish resultsc
†c Maintain student records, print transcripts, display recordsc
†c Maintain Faculty & Staff distributions that are in direct relation with FBISE e.g.
school¶s directors or examinersc
†c Overlook and Approve records with correct time (date)c
c rnance Dept:
†c Provide financial support for FBISE¶s operations and tasksc
†c Provide daily financial expenditure and other longer time expenditures such as
salaries, Utility bills cost etc.c
†c Giving ways to Control expenditure and other costsc
†c Managing accounts and financial statementsc
c h t Dept:
†c Recommend improvements and changes in the financial system in operation and
in the setting up of new systemsc
†c install changes and improvements to existing financial systemsc
†c prepares routine report on the Federal Board¶s financial in and out-take activities
to justify their financial activities and root out or find corruptionc
†c monitors the performance of the company¶s financial system through once in a
financial year e.g. by examining and testing controls such as those over buying
procedure and by cash countsc
c Copter & hrche Dept :
†c Provide online information and search facilities
†c Provide database for information storage and retrieval
†c Secure data from theft or hacking
†c Provide networking internally for data sharing and externally for the same
purpose to the Ministry of Education and other Sister Boards
†c Provide access to other governmental databases for additional information

c
c
'c%c    c
c
c

c
"  
 c

(c%c    c
c
c

* 

,

+ ,c + ,c + ,c + ,c
,c  ,c- ,c ,c" 

 c  c  c  c
       

c
)c%c    c
c
c

á 
 
c# c
c

c The management concentrates towards keeping their employees highly motivated as most
of the employees are working on a permanent basis and thus like all other public
enterprises where the work is done sluggishly and the recruitment process is usually done
under political influence however this is the least case with FBISE as employees are hired
through advertisements and then interviewed to obtain good employees and to keep the
motivation high the management has given a number of incentives to the employees
which are as listed below:
†c Provident Fund is given to every employee after the employee is retired which
becomes a handsome amount
†c Salaries are higher and ensured to be paid at the due time of the month because
FBISE is self-sufficient thus it earns a healthy revenue and can bear its own
expenditures making financial defaults a very atypical thing to happen whereas in
other public enterprises salaries not received in time is a norm and are usually
very low as compared to the private sector
†c FBISE has purchased plots in the Jinnah Garden Phase ± I, a year ago at a market
value of 830,000 per plot of 30x60. The board is giving these plots at that one
year ago market value in 240 monthly installments, which becomes Rs. 3458.33
per month but FBISE is taking Rs. 3300 per month which saves Rs. 38000 for one
employee not yet considering the market value of the plot after 240 months which
would earn the employees many hundreds of thousands of rupees.
†c FBISE sends 3 employees through a lucky draw every year to hajj
†c Special care is given to the students as well as the management has defined its
roles and responsibilities to facilitate anybody who has an issue and thus would be
directed right to the person responsible for that issue
†c Examiners are given special training to make them better exam checkers
according to the stated marking scheme
†c There¶s a position held in the FBISE as the public relations officer (grade ± 17)
who has to be well informed of every news that affects directly or indirectly to the
board and is also the spokesperson for the board for the print and electronic
media.
†c ISO 9001:2000 certified for the Quality Management System that the Board is
using.

c

c

c

.c%c    c
c
c

á 
 
c c$c# c%   

c
?aternalstc: there is somewhat dictatorial aspect involved in the management but the
decisions taken into account are in the best interests of the employees as well as the Board. The
Chairman, Secretary or the directors usually explain most decisions to the employees and ensures
that their social and leisure needs will also be met. This helps balance out the lack of worker
motivation caused by an autocratic management style which is more commonly used in the
public enterprises. Therefore although communication is mostly downwards, but feedback and
their views to the management are always welcomed.

 
c&c# c
The Human Resource is relatively active in contrast to the other public enterprises. Some of the
practices are listed below:

c Healthy canteen And Happy Workplace, strong enterprise culture of ethics is followed
c Highlights Performers, gives them better promotion opportunities. Bring the best to the
top as only the good performing employees are promoted otherwise the vacancies are
filled with outside advertised employment.
c nowledge is shared and resourceful information is especially circulated
c Bring change according to the changing world, like the boards efforts to compete their
syllabus with the GCE O & A ± Level Syllabuses
c Employee training is highly invested aspect of the Board like in 2006 FBISE hired British
trainers of the Edexcel University Board, England to train their local examiners so FBISE
can compete with the A, O ± Level System in Pakistan.
c There¶s a teacher exchange program Internationally wherever there are schools affiliated
with FBISE abroad where FBISE sends teachers from local schools to international
schools to give them wider exposure and experience.

  c
c# ' c c
There can be assumed many competitors of FBISE, in fact every Board whether local or
International operating in Pakistan can be assumed to be FBISE¶s competitor; however this is a
misconception. The local boards such Rawalpindi Board or the arachi Board operate outside
the jurisdiction of FBISE. To make this clear following are the jurisdiction areas of FBISE:

c Islamabad Capital Territory
c All over Pakistan (Cantonments and Garrisons)
c Federally Administered Northern Areas
c Overseas

c%c    c
c
c

Thus any area outside the above mentioned areas is outside the jurisdiction and responsibility of
FBISE; therefore all the local boards are the Sister boards of FBISE and thus have no
competition with the Federal Board except however one; Aga han University Examination
Board. This board has permission from the Ministry of Education to operate or be affiliated to
schools in any area of Pakistan which means the schools have an option for their secondary and
higher secondary education to be affiliated with either FBISE or the AU Examination Board
and thus puts FBISE in competition with this private Board. Although FBISE has great repute
and is still comparatively more widely operating than AU Board. But AU is becoming fast
famous for their similar pattern of marking scheme and syllabuses as of Cambridge, Oxford or
Edexcel Boards O and A ± Level style. But this is making AU more expensive as well thus
making FBISE more widely spread and AU more concentrated towards specific areas. About
the International Boards namely Cambridge, Oxford or Edexcel; they tend a different class of
students and are comparatively very expensive. They deal in International Studies thus a School
can be affliated with FBISE for Matric and FSc and with the British Boards for Ordinary or
Advanced Level and therefore are also not in competition with the FBISE.

Now for our proposal, we think the British Boards are well structured and effective as to the
output of valuable students thus including just the MCQ¶s and the short Questions is not the
solution to quality education. FBISE needs to invest more thoroughly in teacher training which
would automatically result in student training as the teacher would make the students practice the
more practical and brain storming approach, as from the 8th class the same students who are class
fellows before go into the Matriculation or O ± Level System thus the course can be taught to
any student but the failure occurs in the teaching style of the teacher who fails to express the
concepts so clearly that they become contents on the tip of their finger. The student is than able
to self ± analyze and evaluate questions thus making him able to solve more practical questions
rather than learn points to pass the examination which is generally resulted in Matriculation and
FSc. The questions should be based on first the student defining the subject in his own words of
which he¶s attempting the question of, than analyzing; giving its pros & cons and then justifying
it through personal evaluation of the subject. This can only be possible if the teachers bring the
same attitude that is followed in the GCE papers.

(c c
c From 1975 to 1989, FBISE used the manual system of Filingc
c From 1989 to 2009, they have used CoBOL which stands for Common Business Oriented
Language. This was a Miniframe Computer Server; the server was called AS ± 400. With
this server were attached Dump terminal Clients which had no independent Central
Processing Units connected with the monitors (CPU¶s) they were run directly from the
server.c
c From 2009 to Present, FBISE is using C ± Sharp Server which has SQL Database and
Independent clients with CPU¶s with some some Administrative or server control. The
Systems are installed of DELL company.c

c%c    c
c
c

þ   
c 
c  
c
c hold and conduct examinations pertaining to Intermediate Education and Secondary
Education
c prescribe courses of instruction for examinations conducted by the Board, provided that
the Board may prescribe different courses of instruction for different classes of institution
c recognize institutions in Pakistan or outside Pakistan
c control and regulate, with the approval of the Federal Government the examinations held
at the Intermediate Education and Secondary Education level in Pakistan by foreign
agencies, professional institutions or bodies or universities
c withdraw recognition if it is satisfied after inspection carried out under clause (h) that the
standards of management and instruction in an institution justify withdrawal, provided
that the recognition shall not be withdrawn without the prior approval of the Federal
Government
c fix, demand and receive such fees as may be prescribed
c cause an inspection to be made by such person or persons as the Board may nominate of
recognized institutions or institutions applying for recognition
c adopt[t measures to promote the physical and moral well-being of students of recognized
institutions and supervise their residence, health and discipline
c organize and provide lectures, demonstrations, educational exhibitions and take such
other measures as are necessary to promote the standard of Intermediate and Secondary
Education
c Institute and award scholarships; medals and prizes subject to such conditions as may be
prescribed and to accept endowments for the same subject to such conditions as the
Board may deem fit
c prescribe text-books or other books study and to arrange publication of such text-books
or other books
c regulate the imposing of penalties for misconduct of students, teachers, examiners and
examinees
c prescribe qualifications for the appointment of teachers in the institutions recognized by
the Board
c submit to the Federal Government its views on any matter with which it is concerned or
which the Federal Government or any provincial Government or a educational institution
may refer to it for its advice
c deposit its surplus funds in any nationalized bank of Pakistan
c enter into and carry out contracts in exercise of its powers and in the performance of its
duties under this Act and the regulations
c regulate and decide all administrative matters including the creation and abolition of
posts under the Board
c appoint such officers and staff as it may consider necessary for the performance of its
functions and to define their duties and conditions of service
c pass its annual budget

c%c    c
c
c

 
c$c% c
c The accounts of the Board shall be maintained in such form and in such manner as may
be prescribed
c The accounts of the Board shall be audited every year by the Accountant General,
Pakistan Revenues
c The Board shall, at the time of Audit, produce all accounts, registers, documents and
other papers which may be required by the auditor to assist him in his
investigations;Provided that, if the Federal Government certifies, that a particular
document is secret, the auditor shall accept in lieu of such documents statement in respect
there of duly certified by the chairman; Provided further that, if such a document is
confidential, the auditor shall be responsible for preventing disclosure of its contents
c The board shall, as soon as possible after the end of each financial year, submit to the
Federal Government, the annual statement of the accounts of the Board, duly audited,
together with the report of the auditor

&cc)' 

c
c The Federal Government shall have the power to cause inspection to be made by such
person or persons as it may direct, of the officers, activities, and funds of, and all the
examinations conducted by, the Board and to cause in inquiry to be made in like manner
in respect of any matter concerning the Board
c The Federal Government shall communicate to the Board the result of such inspection or
inquiry and may advise the Board to take such actions and within such period as may be
specified
c The Board shall report to the Federal Government the action it proposes to take or has
taken on such communication
c Where the Board does not, within a reasonable time, take action to the satisfaction of the
Federal Government the Federal Government may, after considering any explanation
made by the Board, issue such directions as it thinks fit and the Chairman shall comply
with such directions
c The Federal Government may, from time to time, direct the Board to conduct its affairs
and perform its functions in such manner as may be specified
c The Federal Government may, require the board to furnish it with
=c any return, statement, estimate, statistics or other information regarding any
matter relating to, or under the control of, the Board or
=c a report on any such matter; or
=c a copy of any document in the charge of the Board; and the Chairman shall
comply with every such requisition
c If the board fails or neglects to comply with the directives or orders given to it under sub-
section (5) or if, in the opinion of the Federal government, the Board persistently makes
defaults in the performance of its functions under this Act. The Federal Government may
supersede the Board and appoint the Chairman in the place of such Board until a new
Board is established in accordance with the provisions of this Act and no such
supersession or appointment shall be questioned in any court

$c%c    c
c
c

*"(c%  
c

jtrength Weaknesses

2ployee Motaton Not hble to ?ro e Relate
Qalty 2 caton
htonoos Bo y
Not Ineste ch n Teacher
Ij 9001 Certfe tranng progras
Iage ?oltcal Inflence throgh
Internal ?ersonaltes

pportntes Threats

Can 2 pan frther hssocatons rro Copettor h
wth jchool becase of Iage 2 anaton Boar

Coer rll ?akstan rather than Internatonal Boar s
specfe areas throgh Interenng n the Local
?erforance 2 caton ?rocess

c c

&c%c    c
c
c

& 
c

c Mr Mahmood-Ul-Hassan Nadeem
Director Research
Tel: (92) 51 9250604, Fax: (92) 51 9250605
Email: director@fbise.edu.pk

c Hamid Mahmood±Ul±Hassan
Assistant Manager
IT Dept
hamid81@gmail.com

c

c

c

c c

c%c    c
c