Lab – Configure Extended VLANs, VTP, and DTP

Topology

Addressing Table

Table Heading Interface IP Address Subnet Mask

S1 VLAN 99 192.168.99.1 255.255.255.0
S2 VLAN 99 192.168.99.2 255.255.255.0
S3 VLAN 99 192.168.99.3 255.255.255.0
PC-A NIC 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0
PC-B NIC 192.168.20.1 255.255.255.0
PC-C NIC 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.0

Objectives
Part 1: Configure VTP
Part 2: Configure DTP
Part 3: Add VLANs and Assign Ports
Part 4: Configure Extended VLAN

Background / Scenario
It can become challenging to manage VLANs and trunks in a network, as the number of switches increases.
VLAN trunking protocol (VTP) allows a network administrator to automate the management of VLANs.
Automated trunk negotiation between network devices is managed by the Dynamic Trunking Protocol (DTP).
DTP is enabled by default on Catalyst 2960 and Catalyst 3560 switches.
In this lab, you will configure trunk links between the switches. You will also configure a VTP server and VTP
clients in the same VTP domain. Furthermore, you will configure an extended VLAN on one of the switches,
assign ports to VLANs and verify end-to-end connectivity within the same VLAN.

© 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public. Page 1 of 8

If you are unsure. the commands available and output produced might vary from what is shown in the labs.0(2) (lanbasek9 image).Lab – Configure Extended VLANs.193: %SW_VLAN-6-VTP_DOMAIN_NAME_CHG: VTP domain name changed to CCNA. Configure S2 as a VTP server in the CCNA VTP domain using cisco as the VTP password. S1(config)# vtp domain CCNA Changing VTP domain name from NULL to CCNA S1(config)# *Mar 1 00:03:44. The VTP status for S3 is displayed below. and DTP Note: The switches used are Cisco Catalyst 2960s with Cisco IOS Release 15. This document is Cisco Public. Verify VTP configurations by entering the show vtp status command on all switches. Other switches and Cisco IOS versions can be used. Note: Make sure that the switches have been erased and have no startup configurations. Configure S1 and S3 as VTP clients in the CCNA VTP domain using cisco as the VTP password. Switches S1 and S3 will be configure as clients. VTP. All rights reserved. a.0(2) lanbasek9 image or comparable)  3 PCs (Windows 7 or 8 with terminal emulation program. such as Tera Term)  Console cables to configure the Cisco IOS devices via the console ports  Ethernet cables as shown in the topology Part 1: Configure VTP All the switches will be configured to use VTP for VLAN updates. S1(config)# vtp mode client Device mode VTP client for VLANS. Depending on the model and Cisco IOS version. They will be in the CCNA VTP domain using the password cisco. S2 will be configured as the server. Page 2 of 8 . Required Resources  3 Switches (Cisco 2960 with Cisco IOS Release 15. contact your instructor. S2(config)# vtp password cisco Setting device VTP password to cisco b.193: %SW_VLAN-6-VTP_DOMAIN_NAME_CHG: VTP domain name changed to CCNA. S2(config)# vtp mode server Device mode already VTP Server for VLANS. S1(config)# vtp password cisco Setting device VTP password to cisco c. S2(config)# vtp domain CCNA Changing VTP domain name from NULL to CCNA S2(config)# *Mar 1 00:03:44. S3# show vtp status VTP Version capable : 1 to 3 VTP version running : 1 VTP Domain Name : CCNA VTP Pruning Mode : Disabled VTP Traps Generation : Disabled © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. VTP configurations are displayed below.

This document is Cisco Public. In interface configuration mode. S1# show interfaces trunk Port Mode Encapsulation Status Native vlan Fa0/1 desirable 802. a. configure a dynamic trunk link between S1 and S2. VTP. and DTP Device ID : 0cd9. What is the administrative and operational mode of switchport f0/1? b.3580 Configuration last modified by 0.0 at 0-0-00 00:00:00 Feature VLAN: -------------- VTP Operating Mode : Client Maximum VLANs supported locally : 255 Number of existing VLANs : 5 Configuration Revision : 0 MD5 digest : 0x8B 0x58 0x3D 0x9D 0x64 0xBE 0xD5 0xF6 0x62 0xCB 0x4B 0x50 0xE5 0x9C 0x6F 0xF6 Part 2: Configure DTP Step 1: Configure dynamic trunk links between S1 and S2. S1(config)# interface f0/1 S1(config-if)# switchport mode dynamic desirable S1(config-if)# *Mar 1 00:30:45.082: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1.102: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1.0.1q trunking 1 © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. Page 3 of 8 .0. only one side of the link needs to be configured as dynamic desirable. Because the default mode is dynamic auto.1q trunking 1 Port Vlans allowed on trunk Fa0/1 1-4094 Port Vlans allowed and active in management domain Fa0/1 1 Port Vlans in spanning tree forwarding state and not pruned Fa0/1 none S2# show interfaces trunk Port Mode Encapsulation Status Native vlan Fa0/1 auto 802. All rights reserved. Enter the show interfaces f0/1 switchport command on S1 and S2. changed state to down *Mar 1 00:30:48.96d2.Lab – Configure Extended VLANs. changed state to up c. Verify trunking link between S1 and S2 using the show interfaces trunk command.

a.Lab – Configure Extended VLANs. Record the commands you used to create the static trunk. Part 3: Add VLANs and Assign Ports Step 1: Add VLANs on the switches. and DTP Port Vlans allowed on trunk Fa0/1 1-4094 Port Vlans allowed and active in management domain Fa0/1 1 Port Vlans in spanning tree forwarding state and not pruned Fa0/1 1 Step 2: Configure static trunk link between S1 and S3. Configure a permanent trunk between S2 and S3. S1(config)# interface f0/3 S1(config-if)# switchport mode trunk b. On S1. d. This document is Cisco Public. Between S1 and S3.1q trunking 1 Fa0/3 on 802. a.1q trunking 1 Port Vlans allowed on trunk Fa0/1 1-4094 Fa0/3 1-4094 Port Vlans allowed and active in management domain Fa0/1 1 Fa0/3 1 Port Vlans in spanning tree forwarding state and not pruned Fa0/1 none Fa0/3 none c. All rights reserved. add VLAN 10. configure a static trunk link using the switchport mode trunk command in the interface configuration mode for port F0/3. Verify the trunks using show interfaces trunk command on S1. S1(config)# vlan 10 Were you able to create VLAN 10 on S1? Explain. © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. VTP. S1# show interface trunk Port Mode Encapsulation Status Native vlan Fa0/1 desirable 802. Page 4 of 8 .

S1 and S3 should learn and implement the VLAN information from S2. Fa0/21.--------. Fa0/8. On S2. Fa0/18 Fa0/19. © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. Gi0/2 10 Red active 20 Blue active 30 Yellow active 99 Management active <output omitted> Step 2: Verify VTP updates on S1 and S3. Fa0/24. Fa0/13. you will associate ports to VLANs and configure IP addresses according to the table below. What show commands did you use to verify the VTP updates on S1 and S3? Step 3: Assign ports to VLANs. Fa0/14 Fa0/15. and DTP b. All rights reserved. Fa0/16. Fa0/5. Because S2 is configured as a VTP server. and S1 and S3 are configured as VTP clients. Fa0/22 Fa0/23. Fa0/4. Fa0/17.-------------------------------. Fa0/12. Fa0/9.------------------------------- 1 default active Fa0/2. Fa0/6 Fa0/7. add the following VLANs. Fa0/10 Fa0/11.Lab – Configure Extended VLANs. VTP. In this step. Page 5 of 8 . Fa0/20. Gi0/1. This document is Cisco Public. VLAN Name 10 Red 20 Blue 30 Yellow 99 Management S2(config)# vlan 10 S2(config-vlan)# name Red S2(config-vlan)# vlan 20 S2(config-vlan)# name Blue S2(config-vlan)# vlan 30 S2(config-vlan)# name Yellow S2(config-vlan)# vlan 99 S2(config-vlan)# name Management S2(config-vlan)# end S2# show vlan brief VLAN Name Status Ports ---.

0 S1(config-fi)# no shutdown b. Was it successful? Explain.99.10. Page 6 of 8 . assign an IP address to the SVI for VLAN 99 according to the Addressing Table and activate the interface. Ping S1 from S2. Assign the VLAN according to the table above.255.168.2 /24 a. Assign the IP addresses to the PCs according to the table above. Was it successful? Explain. Step 4: Configure IP addresses on the switches. On S1. Ping PC-A from PC-C. Was it successful? Explain.1 / 24 S2 F0/18 VLAN 20 PC-B: 192. Repeat the procedure for switchport F0/18 on S2 and S3. Step 5: Verify end-to-end connectivity a. Part 4: Configure Extended VLAN An extended VLAN is a VLAN between 1025 and 4096.1 /24 S3 F0/18 VLAN 10 PC-C: 192. Ping PC-A from PC-B.10. and DTP Port Assignment VLAN Attached PC IP Address and Prefix S1 F0/6 VLAN 10 PC-A: 192.168. a. Was it successful? Explain. Step 1: Configure VTP mode to transparent on S1. d.20.168. All rights reserved. you will change the VTP mode on S1 to transparent and create an extended VLAN on S1. Repeat step a.1 255. c. Ping PC-A from S1.Lab – Configure Extended VLANs. c. Because the extended VLANs cannot be managed with VTP. VTP. b. set VTP mode to transparent. This document is Cisco Public. VTP must be configured in transparent mode.255.168. S1(config)# interface f0/6 S1(config-if)# switchport mode access S1(config-if)# switchport access vlan 10 b. On S1. a. In this part. On switch S1. S1(config)# exit © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. for S2 and S3. configure F0/6 to access mode and assign F0/6 to VLAN 10. S1(config)# vtp mode transparent Setting device to VTP Transparent mode for VLANS. S1(config)# interface vlan 99 S1(config-if)# ip address 192.

All rights reserved. Fa0/18. Fa0/22. Fa0/19 Fa0/20. Fa0/14. Gi0/2 10 Red active Fa0/6 20 Blue active 30 Yellow active 99 Management active 1002 fddi-default act/unsup 1003 token-ring-default act/unsup 1004 fddinet-default act/unsup 1005 trnet-default act/unsup 2000 VLAN2000 active © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. Verify the VLAN creation.0 at 3-1-93 02:36:11 Feature VLAN: -------------- VTP Operating Mode : Transparent Maximum VLANs supported locally : 255 Number of existing VLANs : 9 Configuration Revision : 0 MD5 digest : 0xB2 0x9A 0x11 0x5B 0xBF 0x2E 0xBF 0xAA 0x31 0x18 0xFF 0x2C 0x5E 0x54 0x0A 0xB7 Step 2: Configure an extended VLAN on S1.0. Fa0/15 Fa0/16. S1# conf t Enter configuration commands. Page 7 of 8 .3d00 Configuration last modified by 0. Fa0/9. one per line. Display the current VLAN configurations on S1.0. Fa0/21. Create an extended VLAN 2000. and DTP b.------------------------------- 1 default active Fa0/2.Lab – Configure Extended VLANs. This document is Cisco Public.-------------------------------. a. S1# show vlan brief VLAN Name Status Ports ---. Fa0/10. Fa0/17. b. Fa0/23 Fa0/24. Verify the VTP mode on S1.96e2. Gi0/1. End with CNTL/Z. Fa0/5.--------. Fa0/7 Fa0/8. S1(config)# vlan 2000 S1(config-vlan)# end c. Fa0/4. Fa0/11 Fa0/12. S1# show vtp status VTP Version capable : 1 to 3 VTP version running : 1 VTP Domain Name : CCNA VTP Pruning Mode : Disabled VTP Traps Generation : Disabled Device ID : 0cd9. Fa0/13. VTP.

and DTP Reflection What are the advantages and disadvantages of using VTP? Router Interface Summary Table Router Interface Summary Router Model Ethernet Interface #1 Ethernet Interface #2 Serial Interface #1 Serial Interface #2 1800 Fast Ethernet 0/0 Fast Ethernet 0/1 Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1) (F0/0) (F0/1) 1900 Gigabit Ethernet 0/0 Gigabit Ethernet 0/1 Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1) (G0/0) (G0/1) 2801 Fast Ethernet 0/0 Fast Ethernet 0/1 Serial 0/1/0 (S0/1/0) Serial 0/1/1 (S0/1/1) (F0/0) (F0/1) 2811 Fast Ethernet 0/0 Fast Ethernet 0/1 Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1) (F0/0) (F0/1) 2900 Gigabit Ethernet 0/0 Gigabit Ethernet 0/1 Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1) (G0/0) (G0/1) Note: To find out how the router is configured. VTP. The table does not include any other type of interface.Lab – Configure Extended VLANs. look at the interfaces to identify the type of router and how many interfaces the router has. even though a specific router may contain one. This document is Cisco Public. The string in parenthesis is the legal abbreviation that can be used in Cisco IOS commands to represent the interface. There is no way to effectively list all the combinations of configurations for each router class. This table includes identifiers for the possible combinations of Ethernet and Serial interfaces in the device. © 2017 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Page 8 of 8 . An example of this might be an ISDN BRI interface.