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The Church, as a minister of the Church & as an individual who believe in God &

therefore the value of life, I am not in favor of assisted suicide or the technical
term, euthanasia. Killing someone including yourself is never an act of mercy so I
refuse to call it mercy killing. Life is from God, life is sacred & it is God alone can
give & take that life away from anyone.
1. Right to Die

"The right of a competent, terminally ill person to avoid excruciating pain and
embrace a timely and dignified death bears the sanction of history and is implicit
in the concept of ordered liberty. The exercise of this right is as central to
personal autonomy and bodily integrity as rights safeguarded by this Court's
decisions relating to marriage, family relationships, procreation, contraception,
child rearing and the refusal or termination of life-saving medical treatment. In
particular, this Court's recent decisions concerning the right to refuse medical
treatment and the right to abortion instruct that a mentally competent,
terminally ill person has a protected liberty interest in choosing to end intolerable
suffering by bringing about his or her own death.

A state's categorical ban on physician assistance to suicide -- as applied to
competent, terminally ill patients who wish to avoid unendurable pain and hasten
inevitable death -- substantially interferes with this protected liberty interest and
cannot be sustained."

ACLU Amicus Brief in Vacco v. Quill
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
Dec. 10, 1996

"The history of the law's treatment of assisted suicide in this country has been
and continues to be one of the rejection of nearly all efforts to permit it. That

our decisions lead us to conclude that the asserted 'right' to assistance in committing suicide is not a fundamental liberty interest protected by the Due Process Clause." Washington v. 1997 2. EdD Senior Adviser... Americans should enjoy a right guaranteed in the European Declaration of Human Rights -." Faye Girsh. Patient Suffering at End-of-Life "At the Hemlock Society we get calls daily from desperate people who are looking for someone like Jack Kevorkian to end their lives which have lost all quality.the right not to be forced to suffer. Glucksberg US Supreme Court Majority Opinion June 26. Final Exit Network." Free Inquiry Winter 2001 . "How Shall We Die.being the case. It should be considered as much of a crime to make someone live who with justification does not wish to continue as it is to take life without consent.

. 2010 3. . used to question the moral permissibility of all kinds of acts. Slippery Slope to Legalized Murder "Especially with regard to taking life. JD Executive Director Kathi Hamlon Policy Analyst International Task Force on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide "Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: Frequently Asked Questions. But this claim would be similar to saying that laws against selling contaminated food are government mandated starvation.org Jan. intended to make anyone suffer. They are not.. Laws against euthanasia and assisted suicide are in place to prevent abuse and to protect people from unscrupulous doctors and others. and never have been."Activists often claim that laws against euthanasia and assisted suicide are government mandated suffering..." www." Rita Marker. The situation is not unlike that of a doomsday cult that predicts time and again the end of the world. slippery slope arguments have long been a feature of the ethical landscape.internationaltaskforce. only for followers to discover the next day that things are pretty much as they were.

the dangers of the slippery slope. Bowling Green State University "The Fear of a Slippery Slope.. Frey. So. Georgetown University "The False Promise of Beneficent Killing. too. Pelligrino. Assisted suicide is a half-way house.." Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: For and Against 1998 "In a society as obsessed with the costs of health care and the principle of utility. does not constitute such evidence.. are far from fantasy. for example.G. is voluntary euthanasia a half-way house to involuntary and nonvoluntary euthanasia.. The mere possibility that such consequences might occur. a stop on the way to other forms of direct euthanasia. as noted earlier. and Legal Issues Surrounding Physician-Assisted Suicide 1998 . DPhil Professor of Philosophy. for incompetent patients by advance directive or suicide in the elderly. why should euthanasia be limited only to those who can give consent? Why need we ask for consent?" Edmund D." Regulating How We Die: The Ethical. Medical. MD Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Medical Ethics. If terminating life is a benefit. the reasoning goes." R.We need the evidence that shows that horrible slope consequences are likely to occur.

As its respectability does not depend upon human agreement or patient consent. and 'doing no harm' means that we should help the patient die. the 'harm' in this instance is done when we prolong the life.4. 2001 "The prohibition against killing patients. Killing the patient-- technically. as medicine's primary taboo: 'I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody if asked for it. Is it a good thing--sometimes. Does not doing harm mean that we should prolong a life that the patient sees as a painful burden? Surely. The much-quoted reference to 'do no harm' is also in need of explanation. stands as the first promise of self- restraint sworn to in the Hippocratic Oath. Is it consistent with good medical end-of-life care: absolutely yes.. the Hippocratic physician rejects the view that the patient's choice for death can make killing him right. human life in living bodies commands respect and reverence--by its very nature. MD Director and Founder.." Philip Nitschke. revocation of one's consent to live does not deprive one's living body of respectability. Exit International "Euthanasia Sets Sail. yes. Hippocratic Oath and Prohibition of Killing "Over time the Hippocratic Oath has been modified on a number of occasions as some of its tenets became less and less acceptable.." National Review Online June 5. For the physician. at least.. yes. In forswearing the giving of poison when asked for it. References to women not studying medicine and doctors not breaking the skin have been deleted. nor will I make a suggestion to this effect'. The deepest ethical principle restraining the physician's power is not the autonomy or freedom .

PhD Addie Clark Harding Professor. MD. and no longer slips in according to its own immutable timetable. Committee on Social Thought and the College. real decisions are demanded: When do we stop doing all that we can do? When do we withhold which therapies and allow nature to take its course? When are we. and therefore. Government Involvement in End-of-Life Decisions "We'll all die. death can be suspended. neither is it his own compassion or good intention. allowing wondrous medical methods to perversely prolong the dying rather than the living? These intensely personal and socially expensive decisions should not be left to governments." Public Interest Winter 1989 5. it is the dignity and mysterious power of human life itself. judges or legislators better attuned to highway funding. for both patients and their loved ones. University of Chicago "Neither for Love nor Money. But in an age of increased longevity and medical advances. So. Rather. through our own indecision and fears of mortality.of the patient." . sometimes indefinitely." Leon Kass. also what the Oath calls the purity and holiness of life and art to which he has sworn devotion.

. There's a precedent--as a result of the highly publicized deaths of infants with disabilities in the 1980s.' which would withhold federal funds from hospitals that withhold lifesaving treatment from newborns based on the expectation of disability. 2005 "Cases like Schiavo's touch on basic constitutional rights." Opinion Mar. ." Stephen Drake.. MS Research Analyst. 22. the federal government enacted 'Baby Doe Legislation.we've already seen what some members of that community are willing to do when no restrictions are in place. Palliative (End-of-Life) Care "Assisting death in no way precludes giving the best palliative care possible but rather integrates compassionate care and respect for the patient's autonomy and ultimately makes death with dignity a real option. 2003 6. Not Dead Yet "End of Life Planning: Q & A with Disabilities Advocate. The medical community has to have restrictions on what it may do to people with disabilities . such as the right to live and the right to due process." Reno Gazette-Journal Nov.Los Angeles Times "Planning for Worse Than Taxes. and consequently there could very well be a legitimate role for the federal government to play. 22.

neither reflects the Dutch reality that palliative medicine is incorporated within end-of-life care nor the place of the option of assisted death at the request of a patient within the overall spectrum of end-of-life care.The evidence for the emotional impact of assisted dying on physicians shows that euthanasia and assisted suicide are a far cry from being 'easier options for the caregiver' than palliative care. Every appropriate palliative option available must be discussed with the patient and. as some critics of Dutch practice have suggested... MPh Associate Professor in Medical Philosophy Evert van Leeuwen. and palliative care. Netherlands) "Assisted Death in the Netherlands: Physician at the Bedside When Help Is Requested" Physician-Assisted Dying: The Case for Palliative Care & Patient Choice 2004 .. MD. if reasonable. tried before a request for assisted death can be accepted. on the one hand. on the other. Opposing euthanasia to palliative care." Gerrit Kimsma. There is no 'either-or' with respect to these options. PhD Professor in Philosophy and Medical Ethics Center for Ethics and Philosophy at Free University in Amsterdam (Amsterdam.. that such critics have implied. We wish to take a strong stand against the separation and opposition between euthanasia and assisted suicide.

Smith.. Healthcare Spending Implications "Even though the various elements that make up the American healthcare system are becoming more circumspect in ensuring that money is not wasted. 'Why should I worry about palliation when I have euthanasia?'" Wesley J. the cap that marks a zero-sum healthcare system is largely absent in the United States. Discovery Institute Forced Exit 1997 7."Studies show that hospice-style palliative care 'is virtually unknown in the Netherlands [where euthanasia is legal]....' There are very few hospice facilities. it would be hard to make a case that there is a financial imperative compelling us to adopt physician-assisted suicide in an effort to save money so that others could benefit. The widespread availability of euthanasia in the Netherlands may be another reason for the stunted growth of the Dutch hospice movement. and few specialists in palliative care." .. very little in the way of organized hospice activity. JD Senior Fellow in Human Rights and Bioethics.. As one Dutch doctor is reported to have said. Considering the way we finance healthcare in the United States. although some efforts are now under way to try and jump-start the hospice movement in that country.

In the United States.internationaltaskforce. Compared with all Oregon residents who died between January 1998 and December 2002. PhD Director. 2010) 8. making them far less expensive than providing medical care.org (accessed May 27." International Task Force on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide "Frequently Asked Questions.Merrill Matthews. socially disadvantaged groups have variably included ethnic minorities. Drugs for assisted suicide cost about $35 to $45. Experience in Oregon suggests this has not been the case. Council for Affordable Health Insurance "Would Physician-Assisted Suicide Save the Healthcare System Money?. Jr.. and the elderly. the poor." www. those who died by physician-assisted suicide . women." Physician Assisted Suicide: Expanding the Debate 1998 "Savings to governments could become a consideration. This could fill the void from cutbacks for treatment and care with the 'treatment' of death. Social Groups at Risk of Abuse "One concern has been that disadvantaged populations would be disproportionately represented among patients who chose assisted suicide.

Nor is there any reason to . no African American patients have chosen assisted suicide. although 2. Those who will be most vulnerable to abuse. we consistently fall short of our goals. somewhat younger. and those who are least educated and least empowered. Center for Ethics in Health Care at Oregon Health & Science University "The Oregon Experience.were more likely to be college graduates. MD..6 percent of Oregonians are African American. error. housing.only that they are not exempt from the prejudices manifest in other areas of our collective life." Linda Ganzini.. education. The costs of this failure with assisted suicide and euthanasia would be extreme. This risk does not reflect a judgment that physicians are more prejudiced or influenced by race and class than the rest of society . minorities. more likely to be divorced. including health care. and more likely to have cancer or amytrophic lateral sclerosis. Moreover. and law enforcement. or indifference are the poor. While our society aspires to eradicate discrimination and the most punishing effects of poverty in employment practices." Physician-Assisted Dying: The Case for Palliative Care and Patient Choice 2004 "It must be recognized that assisted suicide and euthanasia will be practiced through the prism of social inequality and prejudice that characterizes the delivery of services in all segments of society. MPH Professor of Psychiatry and Medicine Senior Scholar. more likely to be Asian.

.gov 1994 9. act to honor the right of terminally ill patients to select the time of their own deaths. whatever safeguards are erected.." newyorkhealth. inform and . and." New York State Task Force on Life and the Law "When Death Is Sought: Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia in the Medical Context. memorial societies.. under proper safeguards. BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED: That Unitarian Universalists advocate the right to self- determination in dying. Religious Concerns "Guided by our belief as Unitarian Universalists that human life has inherent dignity. which may be compromised when life is extended beyond the will or ability of a person to sustain that dignity. BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED: That Unitarian Universalists. and the release from civil or criminal penalties of those who.believe that the practices. will be unaffected by the broader social and medical context in which they will be operating. and believing that it is every person's inviolable right to determine in advance the course of action to be taken in the event that there is no reasonable expectation of recovery from extreme physical or mental disability. acting through their congregations.. and appropriate organizations. This assumption is naive and unsupportable.

. and on all persons of good will. in accordance with one's own choice. recognizes that we are not morally obligated to use all available medical procedures in every set of circumstances.org Sep. Unitarian Universalist Association: The Right to Die With Dignity. But that tradition clearly and strongly affirms that as a responsible steward of life one must never directly intend to cause one's own death. to reject proposals to legalize euthanasia. 1988 General Resolution Unitarian Universalist Association 1988 "As Catholic leaders and moral teachers.petition legislators to support legislation that will create legal protection for the right to die with dignity." on www. we believe that life is the most basic gift of a loving God.a gift over which we have stewardship but not absolute dominion.usccb. We call on Catholics. Our tradition. 12." United States Conference of Catholic Bishops "Statement on Euthanasia. 1991 . declaring a moral obligation to care for our own life and health and to seek such care from others.. by action or omission. or the death of an innocent victim.

life-prolonging care and are effective in providing clear and convincing evidence that may be necessary under state statutes to refuse care after one becomes terminally ill. even though his wife requested he receive one. Reed Smith Jamie Valentine." Journal of Financial Service Professionals Sep. a Bucks County man was not given a feeding tube. A recent Pennsylvania case shows the power a living will can have.10. JDProfessor." Joseph Pozzuolo. Pozzuolo & Perkiss "Why Living Wills/Advance Directives Are an Essential Part of Estate Planning. A living will provides clear and convincing evidence of one's wishes regarding end- of-life care. In that case.. clearly stated that he did 'not want tube feeding or any other artificial invasive form of nutrition'. JD Associate. executed seven years prior. Living Wills "Living wills can be used to refuse extraordinary. Neuman College Lisa Lassoff. 2005 . because his living will. JD Associate..

Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar Program. University of Michigan Medical School Carl E. Third. Second." Angela Fagerlin. despite the millions of dollars lavished on propaganda. can be. University of Michigan Law School "Enough: The Failure of the Living Will. we think. Fifth. most people do not have living wills. drafters of living wills have failed to offer people the means to articulate their preferences accurately. PhD Core Faculty Member. living wills too often do not reach the people actually making decisions for incompetent patients.. Schneider."Not only are we awash in evidence that the prerequisites for a successful living wills policy are unachievable. and the Practice of Law... First. JD Chauncey Stillman Professor for Ethics. Morality. but there is direct evidence that living wills regularly fail to have their intended effect." Hastings Center Report 2004 ..... we encountered evidence that not one condition has been achieved or.. Fourth. people who sign living wills have generally not thought through its instructions in a way we should want for life-and-death decisions. When we reviewed the five conditions for a successful program of living wills... living wills seem not to increase the accuracy with which surrogates identify patients' preferences.