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The Church, as a minister of the Church & as an individual who believe in God &

therefore the value of life, I am not in favor of assisted suicide or the technical
term, euthanasia. Killing someone including yourself is never an act of mercy so I
refuse to call it mercy killing. Life is from God, life is sacred & it is God alone can
give & take that life away from anyone.
1. Right to Die

"The right of a competent, terminally ill person to avoid excruciating pain and
embrace a timely and dignified death bears the sanction of history and is implicit
in the concept of ordered liberty. The exercise of this right is as central to
personal autonomy and bodily integrity as rights safeguarded by this Court's
decisions relating to marriage, family relationships, procreation, contraception,
child rearing and the refusal or termination of life-saving medical treatment. In
particular, this Court's recent decisions concerning the right to refuse medical
treatment and the right to abortion instruct that a mentally competent,
terminally ill person has a protected liberty interest in choosing to end intolerable
suffering by bringing about his or her own death.

A state's categorical ban on physician assistance to suicide -- as applied to
competent, terminally ill patients who wish to avoid unendurable pain and hasten
inevitable death -- substantially interferes with this protected liberty interest and
cannot be sustained."

ACLU Amicus Brief in Vacco v. Quill
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
Dec. 10, 1996

"The history of the law's treatment of assisted suicide in this country has been
and continues to be one of the rejection of nearly all efforts to permit it. That

EdD Senior Adviser.. 1997 2. our decisions lead us to conclude that the asserted 'right' to assistance in committing suicide is not a fundamental liberty interest protected by the Due Process Clause. Glucksberg US Supreme Court Majority Opinion June 26.the right not to be forced to suffer.being the case. Final Exit Network." Free Inquiry Winter 2001 ." Faye Girsh. Americans should enjoy a right guaranteed in the European Declaration of Human Rights -. It should be considered as much of a crime to make someone live who with justification does not wish to continue as it is to take life without consent. "How Shall We Die. Patient Suffering at End-of-Life "At the Hemlock Society we get calls daily from desperate people who are looking for someone like Jack Kevorkian to end their lives which have lost all quality." Washington v..

Slippery Slope to Legalized Murder "Especially with regard to taking life. and never have been. JD Executive Director Kathi Hamlon Policy Analyst International Task Force on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide "Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: Frequently Asked Questions. slippery slope arguments have long been a feature of the ethical landscape. used to question the moral permissibility of all kinds of acts. . only for followers to discover the next day that things are pretty much as they Jan.. 2010 3.. They are not. The situation is not unlike that of a doomsday cult that predicts time and again the end of the world. Laws against euthanasia and assisted suicide are in place to prevent abuse and to protect people from unscrupulous doctors and others.." www.internationaltaskforce." Rita Marker."Activists often claim that laws against euthanasia and assisted suicide are government mandated suffering. intended to make anyone suffer.. But this claim would be similar to saying that laws against selling contaminated food are government mandated starvation.

why should euthanasia be limited only to those who can give consent? Why need we ask for consent?" Edmund D. is voluntary euthanasia a half-way house to involuntary and nonvoluntary euthanasia. If terminating life is a benefit. and Legal Issues Surrounding Physician-Assisted Suicide 1998 . the reasoning goes. the dangers of the slippery slope. does not constitute such evidence.We need the evidence that shows that horrible slope consequences are likely to occur. Bowling Green State University "The Fear of a Slippery Slope. are far from fantasy. Georgetown University "The False Promise of Beneficent Killing. DPhil Professor of Philosophy. too. MD Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Medical Ethics.. So.. for incompetent patients by advance directive or suicide in the elderly. Medical." Regulating How We Die: The Ethical.." R.. Pelligrino. a stop on the way to other forms of direct euthanasia." Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: For and Against 1998 "In a society as obsessed with the costs of health care and the principle of utility. Assisted suicide is a half-way house.G. as noted earlier. The mere possibility that such consequences might occur. Frey. for example.

As its respectability does not depend upon human agreement or patient consent. Killing the patient-- technically. the Hippocratic physician rejects the view that the patient's choice for death can make killing him right. The deepest ethical principle restraining the physician's power is not the autonomy or freedom . revocation of one's consent to live does not deprive one's living body of respectability.. yes." Philip Nitschke..." National Review Online June 5. Does not doing harm mean that we should prolong a life that the patient sees as a painful burden? Surely. In forswearing the giving of poison when asked for it. the 'harm' in this instance is done when we prolong the life. For the physician. nor will I make a suggestion to this effect'. at least. as medicine's primary taboo: 'I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody if asked for it. 2001 "The prohibition against killing patients. References to women not studying medicine and doctors not breaking the skin have been deleted. yes. Hippocratic Oath and Prohibition of Killing "Over time the Hippocratic Oath has been modified on a number of occasions as some of its tenets became less and less acceptable. human life in living bodies commands respect and reverence--by its very nature. and 'doing no harm' means that we should help the patient die. MD Director and Founder. Is it consistent with good medical end-of-life care: absolutely yes.4. Is it a good thing--sometimes. The much-quoted reference to 'do no harm' is also in need of explanation.. Exit International "Euthanasia Sets Sail. stands as the first promise of self- restraint sworn to in the Hippocratic Oath.

So." Leon Kass. Committee on Social Thought and the College. Rather. University of Chicago "Neither for Love nor Money. judges or legislators better attuned to highway funding. it is the dignity and mysterious power of human life itself.of the patient. real decisions are demanded: When do we stop doing all that we can do? When do we withhold which therapies and allow nature to take its course? When are we." . MD. PhD Addie Clark Harding Professor. for both patients and their loved ones. allowing wondrous medical methods to perversely prolong the dying rather than the living? These intensely personal and socially expensive decisions should not be left to governments. and no longer slips in according to its own immutable timetable. But in an age of increased longevity and medical advances. also what the Oath calls the purity and holiness of life and art to which he has sworn devotion. Government Involvement in End-of-Life Decisions "We'll all die. and therefore. death can be suspended. sometimes indefinitely. neither is it his own compassion or good intention. through our own indecision and fears of mortality." Public Interest Winter 1989 5.

22. 2003 6. MS Research Analyst.Los Angeles Times "Planning for Worse Than Taxes." Reno Gazette-Journal Nov. the federal government enacted 'Baby Doe Legislation.. Not Dead Yet "End of Life Planning: Q & A with Disabilities Advocate. There's a precedent--as a result of the highly publicized deaths of infants with disabilities in the 1980s.we've already seen what some members of that community are willing to do when no restrictions are in place. Palliative (End-of-Life) Care "Assisting death in no way precludes giving the best palliative care possible but rather integrates compassionate care and respect for the patient's autonomy and ultimately makes death with dignity a real option. . The medical community has to have restrictions on what it may do to people with disabilities ." Opinion Mar.. and consequently there could very well be a legitimate role for the federal government to play. 2005 "Cases like Schiavo's touch on basic constitutional rights." Stephen Drake. 22. such as the right to live and the right to due process.' which would withhold federal funds from hospitals that withhold lifesaving treatment from newborns based on the expectation of disability.

MPh Associate Professor in Medical Philosophy Evert van Leeuwen. Netherlands) "Assisted Death in the Netherlands: Physician at the Bedside When Help Is Requested" Physician-Assisted Dying: The Case for Palliative Care & Patient Choice 2004 . There is no 'either-or' with respect to these options. that such critics have implied. on the other. Opposing euthanasia to palliative care.. tried before a request for assisted death can be accepted. if reasonable." Gerrit Kimsma. Every appropriate palliative option available must be discussed with the patient and. neither reflects the Dutch reality that palliative medicine is incorporated within end-of-life care nor the place of the option of assisted death at the request of a patient within the overall spectrum of end-of-life care. We wish to take a strong stand against the separation and opposition between euthanasia and assisted suicide. PhD Professor in Philosophy and Medical Ethics Center for Ethics and Philosophy at Free University in Amsterdam (Amsterdam. on the one hand. and palliative care...The evidence for the emotional impact of assisted dying on physicians shows that euthanasia and assisted suicide are a far cry from being 'easier options for the caregiver' than palliative care. as some critics of Dutch practice have suggested.. MD.

Discovery Institute Forced Exit 1997 7."Studies show that hospice-style palliative care 'is virtually unknown in the Netherlands [where euthanasia is legal].. it would be hard to make a case that there is a financial imperative compelling us to adopt physician-assisted suicide in an effort to save money so that others could benefit. although some efforts are now under way to try and jump-start the hospice movement in that country.. Considering the way we finance healthcare in the United States.. JD Senior Fellow in Human Rights and Bioethics.. 'Why should I worry about palliation when I have euthanasia?'" Wesley J. The widespread availability of euthanasia in the Netherlands may be another reason for the stunted growth of the Dutch hospice movement.. very little in the way of organized hospice activity. Smith." . Healthcare Spending Implications "Even though the various elements that make up the American healthcare system are becoming more circumspect in ensuring that money is not wasted. the cap that marks a zero-sum healthcare system is largely absent in the United States. and few specialists in palliative care.. As one Dutch doctor is reported to have said.' There are very few hospice facilities.

Jr. Drugs for assisted suicide cost about $35 to $45. 2010) 8. This could fill the void from cutbacks for treatment and care with the 'treatment' of death. Compared with all Oregon residents who died between January 1998 and December 2002.Merrill Matthews. Experience in Oregon suggests this has not been the case. PhD Director." (accessed May 27." Physician Assisted Suicide: Expanding the Debate 1998 "Savings to governments could become a consideration. those who died by physician-assisted suicide . making them far less expensive than providing medical care.. socially disadvantaged groups have variably included ethnic minorities. Council for Affordable Health Insurance "Would Physician-Assisted Suicide Save the Healthcare System Money?. women." International Task Force on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide "Frequently Asked Questions. the poor. Social Groups at Risk of Abuse "One concern has been that disadvantaged populations would be disproportionately represented among patients who chose assisted suicide. and the elderly.internationaltaskforce. In the United States.

Those who will be most vulnerable to abuse.6 percent of Oregonians are African American. This risk does not reflect a judgment that physicians are more prejudiced or influenced by race and class than the rest of society . The costs of this failure with assisted suicide and euthanasia would be extreme.. error. MD. although 2. no African American patients have chosen assisted suicide. While our society aspires to eradicate discrimination and the most punishing effects of poverty in employment practices.. or indifference are the poor.were more likely to be college graduates. Moreover. Nor is there any reason to . education. and those who are least educated and least empowered." Linda Ganzini. somewhat younger. housing. and more likely to have cancer or amytrophic lateral sclerosis. MPH Professor of Psychiatry and Medicine Senior Scholar. minorities. we consistently fall short of our goals. and law enforcement. more likely to be divorced. including health care." Physician-Assisted Dying: The Case for Palliative Care and Patient Choice 2004 "It must be recognized that assisted suicide and euthanasia will be practiced through the prism of social inequality and prejudice that characterizes the delivery of services in all segments of society. Center for Ethics in Health Care at Oregon Health & Science University "The Oregon Experience.only that they are not exempt from the prejudices manifest in other areas of our collective life. more likely to be Asian.

. BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED: That Unitarian Universalists advocate the right to self- determination in 1994 9. and. and the release from civil or criminal penalties of those who. whatever safeguards are erected. act to honor the right of terminally ill patients to select the time of their own deaths.. memorial societies...believe that the practices." newyorkhealth. BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED: That Unitarian Universalists. acting through their congregations. and believing that it is every person's inviolable right to determine in advance the course of action to be taken in the event that there is no reasonable expectation of recovery from extreme physical or mental disability. Religious Concerns "Guided by our belief as Unitarian Universalists that human life has inherent dignity. inform and . which may be compromised when life is extended beyond the will or ability of a person to sustain that dignity." New York State Task Force on Life and the Law "When Death Is Sought: Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia in the Medical Context. and appropriate organizations. This assumption is naive and unsupportable. under proper safeguards. will be unaffected by the broader social and medical context in which they will be operating.

1991 . and on all persons of good will. we believe that life is the most basic gift of a loving God.. recognizes that we are not morally obligated to use all available medical procedures in every set of circumstances. But that tradition clearly and strongly affirms that as a responsible steward of life one must never directly intend to cause one's own Sep. We call on Catholics." on www. declaring a moral obligation to care for our own life and health and to seek such care from others. to reject proposals to legalize euthanasia. in accordance with one's own choice. or the death of an innocent victim.usccb. 12. 1988 General Resolution Unitarian Universalist Association 1988 "As Catholic leaders and moral teachers. by action or omission.a gift over which we have stewardship but not absolute dominion.petition legislators to support legislation that will create legal protection for the right to die with dignity. Our tradition." United States Conference of Catholic Bishops "Statement on Euthanasia. Unitarian Universalist Association: The Right to Die With Dignity..

JD Associate. a Bucks County man was not given a feeding tube.. In that case. executed seven years prior. JD Associate. Reed Smith Jamie Valentine. Pozzuolo & Perkiss "Why Living Wills/Advance Directives Are an Essential Part of Estate Planning. A living will provides clear and convincing evidence of one's wishes regarding end- of-life care. Neuman College Lisa Lassoff. because his living will. even though his wife requested he receive one.10.." Joseph Pozzuolo. life-prolonging care and are effective in providing clear and convincing evidence that may be necessary under state statutes to refuse care after one becomes terminally ill. 2005 . JDProfessor. Living Wills "Living wills can be used to refuse extraordinary." Journal of Financial Service Professionals Sep. A recent Pennsylvania case shows the power a living will can have. clearly stated that he did 'not want tube feeding or any other artificial invasive form of nutrition'.

we think. living wills too often do not reach the people actually making decisions for incompetent patients."Not only are we awash in evidence that the prerequisites for a successful living wills policy are unachievable.. people who sign living wills have generally not thought through its instructions in a way we should want for life-and-death decisions. drafters of living wills have failed to offer people the means to articulate their preferences accurately.. Third. and the Practice of Law. but there is direct evidence that living wills regularly fail to have their intended effect." Hastings Center Report 2004 .. First. Fourth. most people do not have living wills.. When we reviewed the five conditions for a successful program of living wills.. despite the millions of dollars lavished on propaganda. Second.. PhD Core Faculty Member.. living wills seem not to increase the accuracy with which surrogates identify patients' preferences. Fifth." Angela Fagerlin.. JD Chauncey Stillman Professor for Ethics. we encountered evidence that not one condition has been achieved or. Schneider. Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar Program... University of Michigan Medical School Carl E. University of Michigan Law School "Enough: The Failure of the Living Will. Morality. can be.