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Step By Step Process In Competitive Exams

A Competitive Examination is a selection test which uses quantitative and qualitative criteria for judging
the merit of aspirants. The results of these tests would include a ranking order based on marks,
aggregate percentages and grades. A cut-off in terms of maximum and minimum marks is applied to
determine merit and elimination respectively. The other quantitative evaluation criteria include negative
and grace marks. These examinations are held by various Boards, Public and Private Organizations,
Service Commissions, HR Departments, and other Mandated Agencies.

Modern professions in various industries and institutions require employees with specific qualities.
Literacy, education, and aptitude are essential requirements for all the professions and competitive
exams are planned and executed based on these primary requisites. The popular exams for which
candidates compete are in sectors like Banking, Education, Insurance, Defence, Railways, Public Service
and Staff Selection in other State and Central Government Organizations. The common entrances and
eligibility tests in Education sector are mainly for selecting suitable aspirants for seats in Colleges and
Universities. Other Exams are for temporary and permanent recruitments.

The competitive nature of the above mentioned exams requires aspirants to take a professional
approach. The following step-by-step approach can be implemented by interested candidates to achieve
success in competitive examinations-

 Decide First -
 The aspirants have to first choose a profession or academic discipline that suits their tastes
and ambitions.
 Advice must be sought from more experienced people in this matter.
 The aspirants can also check online resources for job designations and academic disciplines,
salary details, total vacancy, total number of seats in colleges, etc.,
 The eligible candidates have to make a firm decision to appear for the competitive exam.
Check For Qualification
 The information pertaining to the relevant examination in terms of qualification has to be
 The information gathering process should be thorough and accurate.
 Resources like job and education websites should also be referred in addition to the official
and traditional sources for employment and academics.
 A list of the eligibility criteria can be prepared including - academic requirement, age limits,
caste and other reservations, desirable qualities, necessary experience, etc.,
 The list should be prepared carefully in an accurate manner.
 The candidate has to ensure that he or she is qualified for the examination by checking the
Understand The Application Procedure
 The application procedure should be initiated only after ensuring qualification.
 All the essential details pertaining to the application process have to be collected from the
relevant sources like employment news, official websites, job and academic websites on the
 The notifications have to be perused to determine the mode of application.
 Online applications require the candidates to upload scans of photos, signature, and
 Candidates should ensure they have a valid email account with password.
 The application procedure may also include a processing fee.
 In addition to the above, The aspirants have to keep at hand all the original and photocopies
of certificates for education, date of birth, experience, caste, physical handicap, and other
reservation proof, etc., wherever applicable.
 Employed candidates have to keep payslip and No Objection Certificates ready .
 Supporting documents that should be kept ready include- journal publications, scholarships
and merit awards, research work, seminar presentations, etc.,
 The candidates have to apply in strict accordance with the specified rules.
Learn All The Exam Details-
 The notifications and job portals provide all the necessary information for exams in detailed
and summarised forms.
 The aspirants can access above mentioned sources to collect following information - mode
of examination - written/oral/online/etc; total number of papers, marks for each paper, cut-
off criteria, qualifying marks, merit list percentages, and evaluation rules.
 The comprehensive syllabus for the examination has to be noted down.
 The candidate has to clarify if the evaluation rules for examination permit negative marks,
grace marks, and any other sort of leniency.
Accept The Competitive Nature Of Exams-
 The aspirants who applied for the exams have to accept that competition is fierce and
 A positive attitude has to be inculcated to overcome the challenges.
 Self-confidence has to be built up and sufficient enthusiasm has to be displayed.
 Avoid negative traits like cynicism, pessimism, fear of failure, reluctance to compete, and
 Aspirant should be a mixture of humility and stability.
To Plan Or Not To Plan-
 The aspirant has to decide whether he or she is going to prepare with or without planning.
 Planning requires thought, assistance, material resources, and time.
 If a plan is prepared then it has to be efficient and accommodate all the requirements in
terms of syllabus completion, practise tests' evaluations, feedback implementation, and
time management.
 Candidates should not waste too much time in preparation particularly if they are opting for
 Coaching can be considered for discipline, imposed schedules, printed study material and
notes, competitive environment, and regular practise tests.

 Preparation
 The aspirant has to study in earnest after collecting the necessary material and keeping all
the stationery ready.
 Various subjects can be studied in sequence or they can be interspersed.
 A written note or mental reminder should be made for postponed subjects and topics.
 Practise test have to be taken and performance has to be assessed for satisfaction.
 Intensive study is necessary for difficult topics.
 Aspirant has to put in sufficient effort, concentration, and determination while studying
 Health and mental relaxation have to be given sufficient time.
 The aspirant has to regulate his or her food habits, exercise regimen, and meditation
practises to ensure health and positivity.
 Feedback has to be received with an open-mind and additional efforts have to be made to
succeed in a competitive exam.
 Social relationships have to be given due importance and the aspirant has to slowly ease off
from intensive preparation into relaxed revision as the date of exam approaches.