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1. Detach one (1) answer sheet from the bottom of your Examinee ID/Answer Sheet Set.
2. Write the subject title “GENERAL EDUCATION” on the box provided.
3. Shade Set Box “A” on your answer sheet if your test booklet is Set A; Set Box “B” if your test booklet is Set B.
4. After you have finished answering submit your Answer Sheet to your Room Watchers.
1. Students should be taught to understand that misuses of alcohol include the person who:
I. Takes a drink occasionally
III. Always gets drunk at social events where alcohol is served.
II. Get drunk once or twice a year
IV. Always takes one drink before dinner.
A. III only

B. I,II,III and IV

C. II,III and IV

D. III and IV

2. Which of the following content area in elementary science taken up first, especially in primary grades?
A. Unit on earth and space
B. Unit on processes-(comes first)
C. Unit on matter, energy and motion
D. all of the above
3. If the class has finished a unit in Mathematic, which of the following test should be prepared?
A. Formative tests
B. Diagnostic tests
C. Summative tests
D. All of the above
4. Which of the following is the most legitimate goal in teaching science?
A. To develop an inquiring mind.
B. To acquire the ability to observe
C. to prepare children to become scientist
D. to develop skill in making generalization.
5. The greatest weakness of the range as a measurement of variability is its:
A. Ease computation
B. extreme in stability
C. Difficulty of interpretation

D. Intricate computation

6. In psychological measurement, a score of 50 is generally considered as:
A. 49.5- 50.5
B. 49.9- 50.9
C. 49.25- 50.75

D. 49- 51

7. When plotting the frequency polygon, which part of the score class do we use:
A. midpoint
B. lower limit
C. entire class interval

D. higher limit

8. A few drops of iodine on a slice of bread will turn the bread:
A. blue- black
B. brick- red
C. red- orange

D. black

9. When an evaluation refers to norm- referencing tests, it is most likely reporting data from:
A. Criterion- referenced tests
B. teacher- made test
C. Standardized achievement test
D. Local, city- wide tests
10. What is the modern way of organizing the social studies curriculum?
A. Broad files
B. Separate unit approach
C. Spiral curriculum approach
D. Expanding environment approach
11. Who is considered the most outstanding among Filipino playwrights in English?
A. Wilfredo Ma. Guerrero
B. Severino Montano
C. Leon Ma. Guerrero
D. Carlos P. Romulo
12. Material culture refers to the tangible and concrete objects produced by man. Which are examples of material culture?
A. Sinulog celebrations B. Morriones festivals
C. Ceremonies of Ivatans
D. Stone walls of Tasadays
13. Thomas Carlyle said “The man without a purpose is like a ship without rudder-a waif…” It could be interpreted as:
A. One’s life doesn’t need to be controlled
B. Direction can never come into one’s life.
C. There is a strong driving force in one’s life.
D. There should be sufficient energy in one’s life
14. “I die just when the dawn breaks to herald the day.” This is a famous quote from:
A. Jose P. Rizal
B. Benigno Aquino
C. Manuel L. Quezon

D. Andres Bonifacio

15. Which among the following is considered the “raw materials of personality development?
A. Heredity
B. Culture
C. Environment
D. Training
16. Ito angmgaopisyalnawikamulasapanahonngRepublikahanggangsakasalukuyan.

They paid their way. The Organism that eat plants only are called: A. 21. Magyabang B. Mahusay “maglubidngbuhangin” angtaonggipit. Practical B. Carbon dioxide D. Oxygen C. Kailanginagamitangisangpananalitangpatulad? A. Parirala B. Love is offered. D. They escape after paying B. Classify this expression.ikot D. What does this statement tell us? A. Which term refers to the act of the President to stay the execution of a convict? A. Anoangkaraniwangiisahingpantiglamang at walangkatuturangmaibibigaykung nag-iisa? A. Use English in teaching all subjects. Worthless B. Formulate a hypothesis D. It may seem Frivolous to you. Magpaikot. Fifteen C. C. Which property of sound enables us to distinguish between a particular pitch produced by a piano and that by a violin. They negotiated peacefully. Ingles at Filipino 17. Senate and Congress B. C. but its important to me. What does the expression “love begets love” mean? A. Perform an experiment C. not waiting for love in return. Belligerent B. Significant 32. 31. State the problem clearly 30. The bilingual project of the DepEd encourages our students to: A. 2 . Four hours B. Anoangibigsabihin? A. If the ratio of adults to children is 5:3. If they drive without stopping in. B. Magsinungaling 34. Nitrogen B. After ransom they were released D. you will be loved in return. D.SET-B A. An autocratic ruler who serves his people well is sometimes called a _____ dictator. Hydrogen 23. To what biome does the Philippines belong? A. Quality B. Intensity C. Omnivore 24. Sapaghahalintulad ng dalawang kaisipan. Don’t expect love. They were freed without ransom. October 10 is “red letter day” for the Chinese. Arrange the following in the most logical manner. Pardon 36. Flies B. Kataga D. Draw a generalization B. Twenty five D. Salita C. 33. Be proficient in English and the dialect. Which gas is released by plants during photosynthesis? A. Sapaghahalintulad ng dalawangdiwa. Two cars start from two places 180 km apart and travel each other on a super highway. Weathering C. Supreme Court and Congress D. Ingles at Kastila B. Ants C. Anopheles mosquitoes D. how many children joined the picnic? A. A. Who did the canvassing of votes for President and Vice President in the 2004 election? A. Tropical rainforest D. Wavelength D. Which of the following organisms transmit the malaria parasite? A. Ingles at Tagalog C. Grassland C. Sapaghahambing ng dalawangmagkaibangbagay. D. 2 ½ hours C. Comelec and Chief Justice C. respectively. Tundra B. Joint Committee of Congress 20. Carnivores D. B. Blatant 25. Erosion 28. Reprieve B. Commutation D. Culex mosquitoes 35. What process is responsible for the transporting of broken pieces of rocks from where they are formed to other places? A. even though you love others. During the investigation. Amnesty C. Herbivores C. The hostages are free. C. Love is not freely expected from everyone. how many hours will they meet? A. Eight B. Sapaghahambing ng magkatuladnabagay. Maghukay C. Frequency 27. 22. Deposition D. Forty people joined a picnic. A. C. Five 29. we follow several steps. Use Filipino in Tagalog speaking regions. Be proficient in English as well as Filipino. Ovipores B. Vital C. D. Gravitation B. A. Six hours D. Filipino at Kastila D. The speeds of the two cars are 45 kph and 35 kph. Benevolent D. If you offer love. What does Frivolous means? A. Beneficial C. Sugnay 18. 2 ¼ hours 26. Dipterocarp forest 19.

economic. Barr 39. Synonym C. Ethnic Sector 53. Temperature shuts down soud 48. Impose more taxes on the people D. 3. Micro detector D. 5. The term that includes aliens as subject to regulation by the state for its defences is known as: A. Hyperbole C. etc. Corn plant D. Service B. Charles Darwin C. formulated the laws of heredity and is considered “father of genetics”? A. A. Idiom 37. Ramon Magsaysay 43. B. Mass Com C. Hawk B. (xa+xb)+ax D. Sinekdote 45. There is no weather that occurs D.headedness D. It is artificially produced in the laboratory D. 431 C. Evaluate: (12 ÷ 3/5) x . The sector with an indispensable role in national economic development is the: A. Adhere to economic laws 51. He solved the problem in the steps indicated below: I. commutative and distributive 3 . Development 54. Personifikasyon D. 175 B. Borrow money from abroad B.45= A. Metaphor D. The line from the Koran.” talks of: A. Which organism receives the least amount of energy in the energy pyramid? A. Air waves are irregular C. Serve & protect the people C. Associative. Repatriates B. Chicks 41. It emits alpha particles C. A rope made of three cords is hard to break: It stands for: A. C. Private sector D. ax+bxa=a+a+b III. D. Carlos P. Metaphor B. Who conducted extensive experiments on pea plants. C. Collosal D. 9 C. Foreigner 52. Laser 49. Broadcast media D. Public sector C. Why is Uranium classified as a radioactive element? A. Snake C. 4.24 B. Print media B. Manuel Roxas B. political development of society are: A. 73 D. Temptation C. “Yumaniganggusalisakanyangmgayabag. Immigrant C. DiosdadoMacapagal D. Associative and distributive C.SET-B A.5 38. when our country is beset by formidable social and economic problems demanding priority? A. Social progress D. Anguish for those who defend unrighteousness. NGO’s B. 2ax+bx Which of the basic laws of arithmetic did he employ? A. Sorrow for those who oppose other’s opinion. Unity 44. Drab B. Commutative only D. Garcia C. The Magsaysay Memorial features a ____ statue of the well-loved President. Punishment for those who say good things. Caustic 46. It is observed to be hyperactive 47. It is a useful radio component B. Who among the following is known for his “Filipino First Policy” and Austerity Program? A.” Ito’yisang: A. Improvement of people’s life in all aspects----social. Cooperation B. with one another while on the moon’s surface? Why? A. J. Lamarck B. Mercenaries D. Industrial growth C. Which principle is most timely and proper. “Woe to every black biter. Misery for those who talk ill of others. Simile B. 47 40. Casual C. A. There Is no atmosphere B. How much bigger is 2 than 92? A. All of the above 50. Hard. Radiation scanner C. Commutative and distributive B. Gregor Mendel D. The tool for economic. A student was given an algebraic expression and told to remove the parenthesis and combine like terms. The astronauts could not communicate. social.4 D. Which is a new X-ray technique used detect tumors and other minute abnormalities? A. 42. bean scanner B. x (a+b) +ax II.

3xy C. the one associated with the technique of ‘broken color” is: A. 3 56. Have calcium sulfate crystal added to prevent formation if algae. Minerals B. Dextrose 60. 80 calories C. In using tap water to set up an aquarium. purism 69. Gastric juice aids in the digestion of: A. Fractional part of the total paper 58. Cointillism C. Caldera B.Two D. polishing D. Galileo C. Total collection at a particular point B. (axb) x c=ax(bxc) B. form hydrochloric acid in the stomach 73. All of the above 61. Ordinal meaning of the number C. neutrons B. Pothole 4 . Wind C. Thomas Sully 68. rouge and whiting are used for: A. Small animals D. 100 Degrees C. The associative law in the process of multiplication states that: A. Maintain water balance in body fluids D. Cirque C. counting is defined as the: A. the amount of heat liberated is: A. The sun has a direct effect on the heating of: A. A steep walled basin in a mountainside at the head of a glacial valley is called a: A. axb=bxa D. Sedimentation D. Air C. C. Flower that have no fragrance are usually pollinated by: A. Form haemoglobin for red blood cells C. Drumlin D. Color field D. In mathematics. Benjamin West C. The boiling point of water in degrees Kelvin (absolute) is: A. 373 degrees B. First operation learned in arithmetic C. Bile is used in the human body in the digestion of: A. The “3” in the upper right hand corner denotes: A. Protein B. a+bxa=a+a+b C. Three B. Rottenstone. Surrealism B. Potassium and sodium are necessary nutrients because they are used: A. Granite is a rock that resulted from the: A. Eruption of a volcano 62. protons C. Insects B. Of the following schools of painting. Bernoulli D. Water D. Sterilizing B. Sugars 72. 288 calories D. Four C. Fats C. None 65. The greatest common divisor of 3x2. Edward Hopper D. 3x2 D. Cooling of molten minerals C. Gilbert Stuart B. 3xy. Protein D. Archimedes B. Aid in tooth & bone development B. Deserts B. ax(bxc)=(axb)+(axc) 57. the water must: A. Human beings 74. Be treated with chemicals to destroy the bacteria present in tap water. Cementing of sand B. Ordered mapping of the object of a set B. B. 212 degrees 66. Starch C. 6x2y and 9x2y2 is” A. Way to arouse part of the total paper 59. The most famous of all portraits of Washington was painted by: A. Cardinal meaning of the number D. 273 degrees D. When 5 grams of water freeze at OoC. Coloring 67. D. Isotopes of the same elements has different numbers of: A. 400 calories B.SET-B 55. Decimal system of numeration D. The smallest possible number of atoms in a molecule is: A. no calories 64. Carbohydrates D. 70. Electrons D. Be hard rather than soft water. 37 B. Atoms 63. The statement that a buoyant force on a floating body is equal to the weight of fluid displaced is known as the principle or law of: A. Cleaning C. Newton 71. Be allowed to stand for a period of approximately 24 hours to dissolved chlorine to escape.

Larva. II. 82. Egg. Which of the following kinds of scenes id often associated with Paul Gezanne? A. The heaviest food value should be at dinner. the only safe blood transfusion would be: A. Of the following. larva. Twelve hours 83. Air pressure 79. Discovery of the cancer fighting properties of SV 40 C. Most were begun by Rubens but detailed or completed by others. He never actually paints anything but only managed a painting workshop. Twenty four hours D. Four hours C. pupa.electrolytes are really both covalent compounds B. They should all be the same or nearly the same in food value. I and III D. I. Improvement in the resolution power of the electron microscope B. In most flowers pollen is produced in the: A. Corolla C. Non. I and II only D. Genes 84. Larva. which has the largest number of satellites? A. Which of the following statements is true about the referred food value of the 3 meals each day? A. Which lists the life cycle of the butterfly in correct order? A. D. hydrogen C. Temperature B. 76. Six hours B. Relative humidity C. Group O blood into a group AB person D. Psychomotor II. Ovary 80. I.electrolytes? A. pupa. Earth 81. III and IV B.electrolytes are always covalent. the lightest element known in earth is: A. the heaviest food value should be at breakfast C. D. D. pupa. Egg. Helium III. adult 78. Pistil B. I and II B. Of the planets below. egg. Chalcopyrite 86. Protoplasm C. Chloroplast B. adult B. Stamen D. The amount of light entering the eye is controlled by the: A. Group B blood into a group A person B. Cytochrome D. adult C. All of the above 89. C. The time it takes for the earth to complete a sixty degrees rotation is: A. C. Cognitive A. Retina B. Which of the following statements best distinguishes electrolytes from non. II and III D. Jupiter C. pitchblende B. 90. Iris C. One of the major breakthroughs in the development of gene splicing was the: A. Group AB blood into a group B person C. Optic nerve D. Trying different cigarettes for taste. Neptune B.electrolytes are usually insoluble in water while electrolytes are always soluble in water. A.SET-B 75. Still life C. 88. It makes no difference as long there is one meal heavy in food value. Consideration of the effects of tobacco on the body. Electrolytes can be covalent or ionic compounds but must be ionic in solution. Electrolytes and non. Mercury D. Physical education includes which of the following domains? I. pupa. D. II and III C. Isolation of the E. “Rubens” was one of Rembrandt’s pseudonyms. coli bacteria. Use of plasmids to “transport” new genes. Which of the following explains why it is often misleading to refer to a painting of Peter Paul Rubens as “genuine”? A. egg. Electrolytes are always ionic compounds while non. Cornea 77. Wind speed D. Group A blood into a group O person 85. Informal portrait D. The living material comprising the bulk of a cell is called the: A. Affective C. Action Study 5 . A test for knowledge of tobacco and smoking IV. Only copies of his work by his pupils is now exist. Formal portrait B. B. nymph. adult D. B. Role playing how to refuse cigarettes from a friend III. A sound program on tobacco use would include which of the following? I. An area on a weather map marked “high” means high: A. II and III 87. I. Of the following.

Granting free education to the poor but deserving students provided they comply with the rules of the institution is known as: A.2cm? A. Find the area of a triangle whose base is 14 cm and whose height is 10 cm. except this component: A. Otislemon mental ability test 105. They have a marked sex development D. -1. Intelligence Quotient or IQ D. 3. 1. 114 cm2 6 .8 cm B. An eye defect characterized by clear vision in one dimension but unfocused vision on the other is called: A. Science 99. Honoraria system 100. Donation 98.6 cm C. Academic requirements C. C. Forced triads B.5 D. D. There are no marked differences in their time of maturity B. Which of the following statement does not apply to adolescents? A.5 C. Histogram B. Cumulative percentage curve 103. Scholarship C. Twenty five percent C. The distribution that is steep with a narrow range is called: A. -1 107. A. Mesokurtic D. All these are essential elements of national development. 1. Personality Test C. C. Religion D. It investigates the educational background of the individual. Which of the following cannot illustrated two distributions together? A. It measures the accomplishment of the individual D. National Achievement Test B. 88 cm2 B. Fair and reasonable selection B. 4. one standard deviation from the mean is approximately equal to: A. All of the above 97. what is its length if its width is 3. The ratio obtained by dividing mental age by chronological age times 100 is called: A. Equitable admission requirements D. Cumulative frequency curve D. A. It concentrates on the scholastic performance of the individual. Help people help themselves D. The area of a rectangle is 12.5 cm D. 64+36( ) 10+80 B. 20+40 ( ) 30+10 108. dole out system B. Reforestation C. Incentive B. Select from the following number statement the one statement in which the mathematical sign ≤ would be approximately placed with the circle. social development. They desire the approval of their parents B. Sociometry C. Equitable distribution of income D. 10 cm2 C. Which of the following is true of abnormal Psychology? A. Girls mature at later stages than boys. 4. A clear examples of a future oriented test is the: A. It studies the causes of personality defects. Leptokurtic 102. Intelligence ratio B. except this component: A. 1 B. A class of 59 was given a test.8cm2. Myopia 92. Crab mentality C. teachers should bear in mind that: A. Seventy Five percent D.SET-B 91. Technology C. B. political. Boys and girls mature at the same time. The mean was 110 and the standard deviation was 12.0 cm 109. They seek dependence on their parents C. 140 cm2 D.score of a score of 120 is: A. 94. National college entrance D. Questionnaire & interviews 106. Hyperopia C. In a normal distribution. Expanding productivity B. 5+16( ) 17+4 C. None of the above 93. Increase in amount of goods 101. The path to economic. Deviation C. Regarding the sexual maturation of boys and girls. Girls mature at an earlier stage than boys. Derived quotient 96. Privilege D. Attitudes towards communism or socialism are best measured with: A. One of the following does not constitute the goal of national economy: A. Every citizen has the right to select a profession or course he desires but he is subject to: A. 51+40 ( ) 8+5 D. Thirty four percent 104. Scattergram C. Checklist & multiple choice test D. The Z. kutosis C. 95. Astigmatism B. Fifty percent B. Education B. Presbyopia D. Platycurtic B.

a very small group of unselected pupils 128. length of the test B. a z –score of 1. 112. Which of the following procedure would be expected to ensure the reliability of a test? Increasing the: A. is that he needs 117. homogeneity of the test 125. polite and sensible 115. The core of all language teaching is still: A.5 D. After he graduated from high school D. If the parents would have shown more interest. not ever has D. a very slow group of pupils D. After he graduated high school. 20: is: A. they use the paddles hardly at all 121. he disregarded the slur. hardly never has 116. 24. writing composition B. spelling words aloud C. The dog was killed yesterday D. verbs. A. the paddles were hardly used. When he graduated high school C. 8a3-6a2 +2a+1 Select the Answer that contains the correct version of the underlined word(s): 111. Whomever B. helps to awaken D. articles. 4a3 – 4a2+1 C. the slur was disregarded by him. D. psychometric 7 . polite and sensitively B. nouns. Being that he was an intelligent person. like Gerry just did B. The boy hit the ball B. A. a t –score of 60 126. Content words which are usually stresses in sentences are: A. After he had graduated from high school. The recurrence of identical sounds help to awaken the emotions. The reason Jack is going to Arabia is because he needs a dry climate. as Gerry just did D. whomever D. 6a3-10a2-6a-1 B. Now kick your feet into the water like Gerry just did. they first make mad. Whosoever C. adverbs D. 15. The mind score or median of the following score: 20. A. they hardly used the paddles C. As they drifted silently downstream. Being an intelligent person. politely and sensibly C. A. A. like Gerry just done C. as Gerry just done 118. heterogeneity of the test C. A. A. the paddles were hardly used. If the parents would have shown more interest. sociomatic B. If the parents had shown more interest. he went to Canada. a very bright class of pupils B. pronouns and articles B. An examples of a basic sentence of the Noun-Verb-Noun pattern is: A. A. Being an intelligent person. number of types of items in the test D. the paddles were used hard D. polite and made sense D. The man spoke polite and sensible. a very large group of unselected pupils C. raw score of 45 C. Do you live here? C. After he graduated high school. B. is because he needed C. Which of the following scores is meaningless: A. ten B. 24. A. a stanine of 5 B. 122. if the parents would have showed more interest B. I cannot go with you. twenty four D. Which of these groups would be more likely to have a distribution of score very close to a normal curve? A. never had B. A. C. never has been C. B. belying his bizarre and menacing appearance. Should the parents have shown more interest. analytic C. projective D. The Rorschach test and Thematic association test are both referred to as_______ test. interjections and conjunction 123. help to wake up 120. Whoever 114. the slur was disregarded by him. is because he needs B. fifteen 127. 113. C. Her brother never has and never will be dependable. 10. Being an intelligent person. 25. Whoever the gods wish to destroy. he disregarded the slur. D. 8a3– 12a2+6a-1 D.SET-B 110. A. her daughter would have been in college today. prepositions C. active meaningful pattern drill D. the slur was disregarded by him. assist in awakening B. will help to have awakened C. adjectives. listening to stories and poem 124. 119. is on account of he needs D. Being that he was an intelligent person. twenty C. What is the expanded form of (2a – 1) 3? A. B. nouns.

The force required to maintain an object at a constant speed in free space is equal to: A. Which of the following is considered as a serious with personality tests? A. The President D. Local COA C. The autonomous regions C. election C. stellar 140. 360 C. baldness C. The following are stretched into the legislative agenda for the furtherance of the socio-economic growth of the autonomous regions through development: A. the right to private property D. multiplied by 4 D. heat stroke 137. The Executive Secretary 148. The removal of broken pieces of rocks from the parent rock by the action of wind or water is termed: A. Which officials have their term of office determined by Local Code? A. If we experience greenhouse effect. silting B. skin cancer D. What are the prime factors of 128? A. 240 133. Increase in the level of O2in the atmosphere 138. zero D. nuclear energy D. lunar C. The Vice President B. 40 135. 2 134. provinces and cities D. 4 years 144. 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 132. An effective and speedy remedy on the part of the people to remove official who is not performing his functions to the satisfaction of people is known as: A. multiplied by 2 C. pesticides B. Local judges B. usability B. municipalities and barangay B. Increase in the level of CO2 in the atmosphere III. 24 D. What component in the local government unit shall have a sectorial representative as may be prescribed by law? A. reliability D. Warmer climate II. 2 x 2 x 2 x 4 x 4 B. 80 B. freedom of expression C. Administrative D. 2 years C. Who has the control and supervision of all executive departments? A. we shall have: I.79 C. the weight of the object C. The contributory factors to acid rain are the use of: A. Legislative 146. 1 x 2 x 8 C. tourism D. social B. The standard territorial and political subdivision of the Philippines is into: A. What is the least common multiple of 24 and 80? A. solar D. The exchange rate of US dollars to peso is S1=Php 47. Barangay Officials D. partial lunar B. all of the above 147. initiative 143. The local official with the longest term of office is: 8 . economic C. If we multiply each score by2. the force required to stop it 139. Local municipal judiciary officials 145. multiplied by 1. Which is right violated by wiretapping? A. validity D.SET-B 129. The thinning down of the ozone layer is believed to cause: A. remains the same 131. What type of eclipse occurs when the moon is directly between the sun and the earth? A. what happens to the standard deviation? A. 479 D. erosion C. deposition D. 02 B. weathering 141. Our school has 8 male teachers who comprise 25% of all our teachers. Cooler climate IV. 2 x 3 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 D. referendum D.5 B. fossils fuels 136. the right to privacy of communication B. all of the above 149. 3 years D. 28 B. Executive C. scorability 130. What is the term of office of an elective local official? A. the mass of the object B. 480 D. 4. ulcer B. How many teachers do we have? A. refrigerants C. The Secretary of Interior C. 6 years B. the right to information on matters of public concern 142. 32 C.90 what is the value of Php 1 in American cents? A. recall B. Judiciary B.

SUBMIT YOUR ANSWER SHEET. The official. SIGN ON THE EXAMINEES RECORD OF ATTENDANCE. OTHERWISE YOUR EXAMINATION WILL BE CANCELLED! 9 . DO NOT BRING THE TEST BOOKLET OUT OF THE ROOM. Senate President END OF GENERAL EDUCATION 1. the city official D. Speaker of the House D. the barangay official 150.SET-B A. who has general supervision powers over all the local government is the: A. Vice President C. TOGETHER WITH THE TEST BOOKLET TO YOUR ROOM WATCHERS. President B. PRINT TIME OF SUBMISSION AND SET “A” or “B” OF TEST BOOKLET ASSIGNED TO YOU 2. the municipal official C. the provincial official B. under the 1987 Constitution.