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FEBRUARY 2016

Predix: The Industrial
Internet Platform
Table of Contents
Predix and the Industrial Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Why solve the problem with a cloud platform? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Delivering outcomes that matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Supporting common industry needs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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A cloud infrastructure that runs industrial workloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Gated industrial community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Built on Cloud Foundry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

GE-managed cloud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Capacity on-demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Enhanced security controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Services that support the variety, velocity, and volume of industrial data . . . . . . . . . 8

Connecting GE and non-GE assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Modeling assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Data capture, processing, and management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Turn insights into outcomes with analytics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Building contextually relevant user experiences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Brownfield integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Developing smarter to innovate faster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Microservices as building blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Continuous development using DevOps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Operating an applications business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Industrial grade security that builds end-to-end trust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Governance and certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Platform hardening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Secure industrial apps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Continuous monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Growing the ecosystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Why choose GE? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Learn more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Appendix A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Predix cloud security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform

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Tapping into the power of a software platform can help companies get the answers they need when they need them to plan ahead and optimize performance. and variety. Bigger Digital Shadows. opportunities may be missed if those KPIs are not standardized across the business.2 The amount of industrial data generated will be significant in terms of volume. Industrial companies need a software platform that: • is machine-centric. and Biggest Growth in the Far East . over 50 billion assets will connect to the Internet.THE DIGITAL UNIVERSE IN 2020: Big Data. com/collateral/analyst-reports/idc-the-digital-universe-in-2020. Diverse practices lead to performance variability as many of the best practices are used in some but not all parts of an organization. and market opportunities are missed.https://www. even though there are islands of excellence that meet various Key Performance Indicators (KPIs).emc. less than 3% of that data is tagged and used in a meaningful fashion. data growth is projected at 50x over today’s volume by 2020 company’s ability to be competitive in its market. • is delivered securely in the cloud. Operational Technology (OT) and Information Technology (IT) often operate separately.http://www. leading to duplication as the roles these functions play in organizations converge. one flight produces 1TB of data: In healthcare.com/digital/press-releases/GE-Announces-Predix-Cloud-Worlds-First-Cloud-Service-Built-Industrial-Data-Analytics 2 IDC report: December 2012 .ge.pdf Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 3 . storage.3 In order to extract insight from the data and gain a competitive advantage. • provides advanced predictive analytics. Consider how your business’s decision makers may be struggling to answers questions such as these: • How do I allocate budgets strategically? • Is my facility performing optimally? • Are our current security policies putting us at risk? Guessing at the answers — or being reactive instead of proactive in answering them — undermines a For example: In aviation. velocity. Datasets can be fragmented and even siloed such that they can’t be used elsewhere. management. every industrial company will need to become a software company to thrive. • guides personnel with intuitive user experiences. And. integration.Predix and the Industrial Internet Investment in the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is expected to top $60 trillion during the next 15 years. But harnessing that data ‘potential’ from scratch isn’t easy. and access. In fact.com/web/about/ac79/docs/innov/ IoT_IBSG_0411FINAL. Yet today. That’s why GE created Predix — the Industrial Internet platform. and even risks brand reputation as productivity is lost.pdf 3 Cisco report: The Internet of Things. Businesses can create innovative apps on Predix that turn real-time operational data into actionable insights.cisco.1 And by 2020. How the Next Evolution of the Internet Is Changing Everything . industrial data is growing twice as quickly as any other sector. Predix equips them with 1 GE estimates: https://www. • supports heterogeneous data acquisition. unplanned downtime is not mitigated.

putting them in charge of their IIoT journey. • lower risk of cost and time overruns. • scale to meet different business and application workloads by easily adjusting capacity ondemand. and manufacturing operations. • assets can be connected across the entire business so data can be captured. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 4 . allowing businesses to extend capabilities easily by tapping the industrial ecosystem. Why in the cloud? The cloud model allows businesses to take advantage of key capabilities including: • economics of a centrally managed and shared infrastructure in a pay-as-you-go subscription model. standardized security vulnerability assessments. • analytics can be developed and run to deliver insights at all levels of the organization. Why solve the problem with a cloud platform? Why a platform? A platform offers a standardized way to enable an entire business to quickly take advantage of operational and business innovations. IT. securely deploy. • leverage work elsewhere. By using a platform that is designed around a reusable building block approach. and effectively operate industrial apps. Independent third parties can also build apps and services on the platform. GE is actively deploying Predix across its own business. • reduce sources of error. developers can: • build apps quickly. GE has the industrial know-how to help companies transform themselves because it has had to transform itself. A common cloud architecture also enables improved system governance. GE also plans to work with many of its customers to use Predix to secure and monitor the approximately $1 trillion GE industrial assets deployed worldwide. and release management control and consistency • develop and share best practices.PREDIX CLOUD SERVICES CONNECTIVITY Assets Predix Machine Software / Analytics Analytics Data Security APPLICATIONS Operations UI / Mobile Applications Cloud Foundry Data Infrastructure Enterprise Systems External Data The Predix Cloud END-TO-END SECURITY everything they need to rapidly build. • future-proof their initial investments.

hardware. increase productivity. • take advantage of an industry-wide ecosystem of partners to extend capabilities through integrated software. informational. businesses address an immediate need. and minimize missed opportunities. and complexity of industrial data. deploy. plant managers. plant managers. knowing that an extensible architecture is there to help them grow to meet future requirements. answer key questions. build their own data models. and data scientists can visualize data in the right context. and operational security. • meet the demanding needs for industrial grade. Delivering outcomes that matter Predix empowers organizations to develop. while integrating within your organization’s existing IT systems. and data scientists can visualize data in the right context. end-to-end cyber. field operators. By combining cutting-edge IT with leading-edge OT. • capture and analyze the velocity. build their own data models.Why move today? There is no time like the present to decrease unplanned downtime. and deliver on business outcomes. volume. • innovate faster by eliminating the barriers to entry to develop industrial apps for new business outcomes. business analysts. The result? Mobile staff. and deliver on business outcomes. variety. Predix is the only platform designed to: • address the key challenges that prevent growth and market competitiveness. business analysts. By getting started with an industrial cloud platform today. Predix brings world-class software innovation to your assets and operations. field operators. and operate industrial apps in the cloud by securely connecting machines and data to people — driving outcomes ranging from the reduction of unplanned downtime to improved asset output and operational efficiency. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 5 . and services. answer key questions. Mobile staff.

Use LED solutions and sensors in cities and buildings to collect and analyze data and enhance everyone’s experience. 1 2 7 3 6 4 5 1 Scheduling & Logistics 3 Intelligent Environments 2 Connected Products 4 Field Force Management Increase asset utilization with predictive analytics. reliability. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 6 . and increase efficiencies. to make repairs and upgrades more effective. Give workers the machine data.Supporting common industry needs GE has invested in building capabilities that can meet common needs across many different industries. 5 Industrial Analytics 6 Asset Performance Management Achieve new levels of performance. Monitor asset health to identify problems then use predictive and prescriptive analytics to boost productivity. 7 Operations Optimization Use key insights on an enterprisewide scale to resolve operational issues. Replace the current “break-fix” model with a “predict-andprevent” services approach by making machines softwaredefined. and availability throughout the life cycle of all assets. expertise and processes they need. improving performance and efficiency that can result in lower repair costs. drive productivity.

data security. compliance. Industrial data exists as multiterabyte structured streams sampled continuously. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 7 . and data visibility. By using Cloud Foundry’s unique microservices architecture. allowing for optimal resource allocation. incident response services. access control. and Asia. The provisioning management and pooling of resources can be done at a granular level. Capabilities include encryption. allowing services to evolve over time. while also managing customer SLAs. such as perimeter security. and security considerations. can generate 1 TB of data). customer needs. based on the Uptime Institute Standards. federation. and ultimately driving costs down and value up. regional data privacy considerations. Middle East. This SDI is especially useful when an application dictates that a change to the underlying hardware configuration is needed to ensure that demand is met. support. as well as stringent security requirements. scale applications in hours or days instead of weeks or months. as every layer is monitored and scanned for vulnerabilities. and. Security is embedded at every level of the cloud stack. SSAE16 SOC 2 compliant and operate at either Tier III (Concurrently Maintainable) or Tier IV (Fault Tolerance) levels. Also. Predix cloud can handle vast amounts of Industrial Internet information. All locations will be ISO27002/01. Built on Cloud Foundry Predix is built on Pivotal’s Cloud Foundry. an open source Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS). support for end-to-end chain of custody reporting for code and data. test. and enables GE to account for stringent regulatory requirements in ways that IT-focused public clouds cannot. Gated industrial community Predix is based on a multi-tenant “gated community” model to ensure that tenants of the cloud belong to the industrial ecosystem. app developers can quickly build. and 24/7 security and network operations centers. governance. Capacity on-demand Predix uses software-defined infrastructure (SDI) as an abstraction layer above the hardware. This specialized approach offers industrial-grade security. its support for existing languages and programming tools. network peering.A cloud infrastructure that runs industrial workloads Public cloud infrastructure doesn’t support the unique and demanding requirements of industry. and regulatory compliance. together with its modern development and operations (DevOps) environment. how the cloud provider handles security incidents — especially the reporting and subsequent management and root causing — may impact operations. logging. See Appendix A for additional security details. Europe. GE-managed cloud GE will make Predix available to customers in the Americas. Developers also gain access to the Cloud Foundry ecosystem and an ever-growing library of services that are continually being contributed by industry. Support for various data governance. network-level security. technology capabilities. Data center locations are to be selected based on provider diversity. deploy. for example. For example. As a leader in the industrial world. and export controls. and privacy needs are included. key management. This reduces the risk of bad actors entering the community. Africa. security. Enhanced security controls Security is embedded at every level of the cloud stack. security. resulting in unprecedented volumes of data (one plane flight. these clouds are developed to support IT data (such as ERP or CRM). with minimal disruption to the applications. perhaps most importantly. GE built a cloud that meets the needs industrial companies have for scale.

troubleshooting. these services deliver a managed. • a self-management portal. control systems. Predix can securely connect with machines—old and new. data is captured. data sources. data sources. CONNECTIVITY AS A SERVICE Predix Predix Cloud VPN Connectivity (Cellular. velocity. sensors. Combined with continual proactive monitoring support. Predix connectivity services can provide sameday activation and provisioning. and devices. control systems. and devices. ensuring data privacy and asset protection. secure. RDP. Metering. and are offered worldwide. These services are available today through several partners. • one-stop-shop billing and reporting for all connectivity and IP services. Policing. • ability to manage and control the edge assets by providing remote access via VNC. fixed or satellite networks through partnerships with Tier-1 CSPs (IP QoS.Services that support the variety. and HTTP. and made available to the right people at the right time to enable the right decisions. • end-to-end monitoring and notifications about the connectivity between Predix cloud and edge assets. and volume of industrial data A truly global industrial platform needs to consume and analyze massive volumes of data by connecting to a wide variety of machines. Once connected. Satellite) Customer Edge Gateway Multisite secure connectivity Connecting GE and non-GE assets VPN Assets CONNECTIVITY AS A SERVICE The design and initial deployment of connectivity services can typically take 6-12 months. Fixed. NAT). sensors. • secure virtual private network (VPN) between the edge assets and Predix cloud. stored. ACL. GE and non-GE—on a very large scale. endto-end connectivity solution from the edge of a customer’s network to the Predix cloud. SSH. providing: • physical connectivity globally via cellular. and automatic business alerts. analyzed. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 8 . A truly global industrial platform needs to consume and analyze massive volumes of data by connecting to a wide variety of machines.

” enabling a new generation of smarter. bi-directional connectivity to industrial assets (GE or non-GE). and governance services for endpoint devices. and managed in a safe and secure manner. 9 .PREDIX MACHINE Predix machine is part of the “edge” software for Predix. This allows security profiles to be audited and managed centrally across devices. Its primary responsibility is to provide secure.providing connectivity to assets via a variety of IT or OT protocols. more connected products. On Controllers Cloud Predix Predix Cloud On Sensor Nodes Predix Cloud ud On Clo emise On Pr Direct to Cloud Gateway Gateway Gateway IT / OT Protocols Sensor/ Device 1 Sensor/ Device n The gateway acts as a smart conduit between the cloud and the machines . ensuring that assets are connected. while also enabling applications (analytical and operational services) at the edge. industrial and commercial assets that previously operated stand-alone can be connected to the cloud for data collection and analytics. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform Sensor Nodes Leveraging low cost intelligent sensors deployed on or near the assets allows data to be transmitted directly or through a gateway to Predix. authentication. Predix machine can make any equipment or device a more intelligent “software- On Gateways defined machine. Predix machine also provides security. The latter is particularly important to delivering near-real-time processing in controlled environments. and that critical data is protected. controlled. Machine Controller By using existing controllers.

which can provide a richer view of how the assets live within the business and who needs access. and management Predix data services provide rapid access to data and timely analytics while minimizing storage and compute costs. Connection to the source: Connections are established with GE and non-GE machine sensors. Asset Classification Pumps Positive Displacement Kinetic Reciprocating Rotary Axial Centrifugal Radial Special Effect Peripheral Asset Structure Template Pump Motor Bearing Brush Assembly Pump Maintenance Operations Replace Pump part # P456 with alternate part # P400 Inception End Time Line of Maintenance Events During Asset Life Cycle Finally. multi-tenancy model that includes network-level data isolation and encrypted key-management capabilities. etc. processing. Predix has an open asset model. It offers a secure. An application developer can create an asset model that describes the logical component structure of all locomotives in a fleet. It also supports the ability to plug in analytic engines and languages to interact and process the data. enterprise databases. as well as hierarchical relationships (parent. Data ingestion: Data is ingested from the source in real time.) at a particular date and time. There are four key components: 1. Data capture. Templates can be used to create the structures that define the components that make up a complex asset. 2. to support non-GE assets. child. historians. One example use case is for configuration management. peer. For example. and manage asset models that define asset properties. and then create instances of that model to represent each individual locomotive.) between assets and other modeling elements. This history then allows for a snapshot of that locomotive’s state (operating. Asset models typically employ common elements. the changes are recorded in the system. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 10 . classifications support different ways to identify and search for assets. and by bulk upload.Modeling assets CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT The Predix asset service enables developers to create. gateways. store. etc. and cloud-based applications. controllers. flat files. which allows developers to create custom modeling objects that meet their own unique domain needs — for example. As a locomotive’s configuration changes over its lifespan. It also allows for displaying timelines of change events that have occurred to the asset over its lifespan. retired.

MRI images). PROCESSING. and build targeted analyses that impact business outcomes. Predix offers a scalable. Binary Large Object (BLOB) (for example. all of which make running predictive analytics difficult. onetime projects to complex. and generation of code. Analytic services abstract the intellectual property of a business’s advanced analyses to reusable analytics and orchestra- Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 11 . These tools speed the design. arrive in different formats. allowing users to perform data cleansing. making it easier to manage and monitor simple. or an RDBMS. and structured. ongoing data synchronization projects. whether it be time series for machine sensor data. A business can take its advanced analyses and express them as analytics. enabling businesses to analyze data. It also provides data blending capabilities. Turn insights into outcomes with analytics Companies that leverage analytics can become more data driven. look for a combination of certain types of events to create a higher level business event).DATA CAPTURE. AND MANAGEMENT Data Origination Data Ingestion Store and Process Analysis & Usage Catalogs Analytics Datasets Pipeline Historians Bulk Upload Message Service OBJECT Pipeline Compliance Access Ctrl Privacy Workflow tools allow the user to identify specific sources and to create default data flows for all—or specific—data sets and data types.e. 4. where users can deploy tools to extract value from these data sources to find patterns and process complex events (i. However. Pipeline processing: The ingestion pipeline can efficiently ingest massive amounts of data from millions of assets. This allows use of the data for both operational and analytical purposes. and come from multiple sources. data tagging. FILE SYSTEMS DATA PROCESSING predictive analysis and data modeling can be done in real time. Data management: Data needs to be stored in the appropriate data store. data enrichment (for example. semi-structured. increase data quality.. data can be messy. reusable framework for industrial analytics. merging with location or weather data). testing. The pipeline policy framework provides governance and cataloging services. including unstructured. ERP… TIME SERIES BUSINESS CACHING SEARCH APIs Machine Real Time Cloud Gateway Machine + Enterprise Data Enterprise Mobile DIST. create insights. Pipeline processing allows the data to be converted to the correct format so that Simulation “What-If” Decision Support PREDICTIVE DESCRIPTIVE COMPLEXITY OF ANALYTICS PRESCRIPTIVE TURNING INSIGHTS INTO OUTCOMES Forecasting Prognostics Health Assessment Condition Monitoring ASSET FACILITY FLEET INCREASING SCOPE OF OPTIMIZATION NOSQL Web RELATIONAL Governance CRM. and real-time data processing. 3.

• Historical analytics: The collection and analysis of petabytes of historical operational data. an oil company might look at how specific oil wells can be combined to increase the overall production of the entire field. and Matlab. wind turbine. From this analysis. predictive. predictive. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 12 .tions (workflows) that define analytic sequences. • Operational analytics: Data is analyzed in real time at the source — an aircraft engine. and operating rooms. Data scientists are able to publish analytics in Python. it is possible to build a large-scale predictive model that can be used to more efficiently operate entire manufacturing plants or fleets of equipment. Predix also offers descriptive. but those analytics can be improved over time based on historical analysis. providing a comprehensive approach to uncovering relationships in data. However. Operational analytics at the edge ensure the efficient operation of assets. but those analytics can be improved over time based on historical analysis. For example. etc. an airline might assess the health of an engine over 6 months to determine if preventative maintenance is required. and prescriptive analytics. Predix performs two types of data analyses: operational and historical. hospitals might look at what new opportunities exist to maximize physician throughput based on the mix of physicians. Effective analytic functions can be cataloged. technicians. and reused across different business solutions. waiting until all the infrastructure and operational capabilities are in place to support all three is not optimal. Instead. and use descriptive analytics as even small insights can generate big outcomes. Each group of analytics has its own use. Java. start small by identifying a workable problem. — to detect problems so that split-second changes can be made in the operation of the asset to prevent damage or to optimize performance. saving time and extending the investment elsewhere in the business. • Descriptive analytics help determine what happened and why. Prescriptive analytics determine possible actions towards a solution that has the largest impact on a company’s bottom line. Descriptive analytics summarize data to gain insights from the past and determine how the past might influence the future. and prescriptive analytics. For example. • Predictive analytics help determine what might happen next by forecasting based on a model. Predix also offers descriptive. • Prescriptive analytics help to improve the decision-making process. Operational analytics at the edge ensure the efficient operation of assets. Deploying analytics in the cloud also ensures that analytics are dynamically scaled across the business. Predix analytics enable a feedback loop between operational and historical analytics. For example. MRI machine. providing a comprehensive approach to uncovering relationships in data. shared.

but also context-adaptive — meaning they will change according to the context. and analytics is critical. Custom connectors can also be built to incorporate proprietary data schemas. and cohesive solutions for theming. The Predix user experience (UX) system provides developers and designers with simple. • Mobile devices: By supporting HTML5. • Analytics: Support is provided for Java. so users can visualize and interact with the application in a way that is relevant to them. and MODBUS. Node. smartphones. Predix achieves this at a number of levels: • Machines: Connect machines of any vendor or vintage. location. as well as TCP-based sockets communication. ERP. Internationalization. mobile. Predix machine supports a number of protocols. and CRM systems. and UI components with tailored integration points into the rest of the Predix platform stack. Artifactory. especially in brownfield sites. including OPC-UA. existing desktop browsers. This paradigm removes the need for multiple applications and context switching by users. Brownfield integration To take advantage of the Industrial Internet. and compliance are taken care of within the system. Applications are not only context-aware. Python. DDS. • Data: Standard connectors are included for time series. and tablets can be used across the business. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 13 . • Programming languages/tools: Support is provided for Java. modular.js. layout. data. Matlab.Building contextually relevant user experiences Predix supports the building of responsive web. integration with existing—and future—equipment. JaCoCo. and Python. and embedded applications that scale gracefully from smart phone to desktop. localization. GitHub. and Ruby on Rails.

The microservices architecture provides a level of isolation. stand-alone components. and the design of Predix incorporates those learnings with tools and services that decrease the amount of time spent on integration. eliminating code recompilation and streamlining operations. systems and ‘things’. such as building software server stacks. such Predix microservices are reusable software modules as Connectivity. Microservices are also great enablers create applications. developers can use their favorite language and tools.Developing smarter to innovate faster Building Industrial Internet apps comes with some unique requirements and needs that separate them from traditional IT apps. Filter Event Case SmartSignal Microservice Microservice Microservice Microservice so once solutions are deployed. because microservices can be developed as separate. PREDIX CLOUD Predix Industrial Microservices Analytics Data Security Operations Platform as a Service Cloud Foundry Infrastructure as a Service be loosely coupled into apps without the complexity and dependencies of traditional. In fact. Development teams are relieved from time consuming integration tasks. the time spent on innovation is now closer to 80%. Typically developers spend up to 80% Asset of their time integrating and upgrading systems and technologies. Because they are developed and for continuous delivery. They are also easy to maintain. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 14 . enabling small teams of developers to deliver Microservices as building blocks new capabilities and to version existing services. and Time series. these microservices can users while keeping the rest of the system available and stable. that can be leveraged as building blocks to rapidly incrementally. and scaling and securing infrastructure. Asset. allowing frequent releases for delivered as discrete services. versus only 20% of time spent on innovation. Additionally. monolithic app architectures. integrating and configuring products. Apps and Timeseries microservices built Microservice on Predix also benefit from the availability and scalability of the underlying infrastructure Note management provided within GE’s own Microservice managed data centers. managing SLAs (service level agreements). GE has years of experience building software apps for industry. Field Agent. updates are much simpler and more efficient.

and launch components of their apps across different users. A Deploy To Prod. Predix offers a rich development environment that allows developers to rapidly build. as they can uncover the real impact of the way they package their application to drive long-term user engagement. quality assurance. split-test. • source control management (SCM) through GitHub service. It also enables continuous development. and distribution channels. Operating an applications business Building applications is one thing. development teams can iteratively build. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 15 . Env. test. based on those factors. By placing the user at the center of every business operation. ensuring that they are actually being used and can be profited on (when desired in the future) is another. user groups. identifying the best and worst performing products. Env. and deploy applications. contextually relevant and useful to them no matter the device they use. and launch components of their apps across different users.Code Build Test (Unit) Merge Req. where a new module or feature set can be automatically rolled into production as soon as it is completed. The Predix Business Operations (BizOps) service enables a data-driven decision-making process for businesses wishing to maximize their application efforts and speed time to usage or market. This results in building new capabilities faster and at a lower cost. and IT. and why? And. what is the best subscription strategy? By tightly integrating these functions in a single environment. Together with its user experience (UX) framework. development teams can iteratively build. Deploy to Integration Environment Continuous development using DevOps Functional & Regression Testing Deploy to Staged Environment Deploy To Prod. This offers invaluable insights for developers. For any successful application strategy. DevOps provides the software environment to make agile a reality. enabling a more integrated and iterative environment from build to release to deployment operations. teams shorten their development cycles significantly and make the agile vision of incorporating frequent user feedback simple. placing the user at the center of that strategy is critical. By placing the user at the center of every business operation. Predix also helps users visualize data in a way that is UNDERSTANDING USAGE FOR DEVELOPERS BizOps helps an organization roll out applications across different parts of its business. BizOps provides complete visibility into how each component is used. It also helps answer the nagging questions related to application commercialization: What is an application’s adoption rate? How are users are using it? What features or services are not being used. B Predix provides a set of development and operations (DevOps) tools that provide tight integration between functions that have traditionally been siloed. Features include: • agile planning through the Track & Plan service. packages. Code Build Test (Unit) Merge Req. including development. • automated build and deploy with the Delivery Pipeline service. split-test. • load testing tools.

and best practices to create an environment of trust for industrial companies. industrial companies are frequently concerned about levels of accountability and visibility into the proper functioning of the system. Predix builds in governance end-to-end — from the end-user right through to the operational infrastructure. governance and certification onto existing IT data workflows. businesses can have complete visibility into the revenue and cost dynamics of the service they are offering to maximize subscriber revenues. Predix leverages common controls that enables support compliance with over 60 national and international governing body regulations. meeting or exceeding the requirements of customers from a very broad range of industry sectors. Instead of layering When evaluating cloud technology. and FIPS 140-2 to manage the availability.BUILDING A SUBSCRIPTION BUSINESS BizOps considers the lifetime value of each individual subscriber. integrity. These ‘pillars of trust’ are represented below. it is essential to have clarity on what went wrong. GE has developed a comprehensive security strategy that combines security certifications. Industrial grade security that builds end-to-end trust Companies need a strategy for adopting security that better positions them to take advantage of the opportunities presented by the Industrial Internet. hardware. Predix integrates them directly into its architecture. NIST 800-53. and security of the data of each end-user enterprise. expertise. and effectively segmenting the market to create appropriate subscription pricing models and terms. Predix is built on a common infrastructure governance model based on ISO 27001/2. If a problem occurs. Governance and certification Platform hardening Governance and certification are essential components of an Industrial Internet platform that deals with sensitive information. where Secure and certify operational infrastructure Bring operational availablility and governance with “IT” Protect OT/IT in an app factory delivery model Establish user-based world for industrial apps GOVERNANCE & CERTIFICATION PLATFORM HARDENING SECURE INDUSTRIAL APPS CONTINUOUS MONITORING Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 16 . They need a way to effectively bridge the worlds of IT and OT in a manner that can establish end-to-end security and trust — from the factory floor to users on their devices. By understanding the cost dynamics of a service provided. It does so through advanced segmentation capabilities that enable applications to iteratively create pricing plans for each segment and to meter the service so that the cost-to-serve model is transparent. software.

evaluate app users. Predix helps keep new code as clean as possible. Security. software. The Predix infrastructure team follows a complete “DevOpsSec” (DevelopmentOperations-Security) process for all apps and microservices. By combining DevOpsSec with static and dynamic automated testing. This results in unified and clean run-time environments. Additional capabilities include: • full Security Operations Center (SOC) and tooling. Continuous monitoring Maintaining security requires comprehensive visibility. This visibility extends into the exchanges to/from the OT environment. • chain of custody for data communities maintained. and privacy cyber protections are automatically built into Predix. applications. and network protocols. • automated isolation and monitoring of incidents. without impacting the developer or the application itself. Predix can also survey new microservices arriving into the development area to detect any abnormal or suspicious behavior. Predix makes tools available to help developers create secure workflows. handle data properly. governance. Predix achieves this through continuous monitoring at every layer. The Predix team also provides guidance for the shared responsibility of the user organization to implement controls at application and data layers. GE has implemented platform hardening at every layer and connection to remove unnecessary services. Secure industrial apps Establishing a secure software development environment is critical. • app-to-app behavioral evaluation. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 17 . Common and layer identity for users. As part of DevOpsSec. as well as configure OS user authentication and resource controls appropriately. devices. This includes the ability to establish a baseline and highlight potential security concerns prior to deployment. and data are enforced.it went wrong. and how to fix it. with data loss protection and malware detection from the external networks all the way through to the application or microservice. and dynamically test applications and APIs throughout the development process. and creates a “heat-map” dashboard for the Predix Security Operations team to protect customers served by Predix. This approach greatly reduces the possibility of malware making its way into the run-time environment. To that end. Automated and manual controls are deployed to identify and patch system vulnerabilities.

Pitney Bowes. The result is a marketplace in which GE’s partners provide many of the new capabilities. sharing best practices. Softbank — proven players in the market that are co-innovating and leveraging industry know-how and technologies. academia. GE’s partners include Accenture. consultants. and systems integrators to drive important advances in Predix functionality that businesses can leverage for their own use. Intel. and influencing global standards development to ensure interoperability. an open membership.Growing the ecosystem GE cannot grow the ecosystem alone. reference architectures. and case studies. not-for-profit group of public and private institutions that focuses on developing use cases and test beds. Infosys. Only those partners that pass rigorous audits to prove their technical and operational skills together with customer references are chosen. as the vision is bigger than just one company. GE partners with other technology companies. GE is also a founding member of the Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC). Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 18 . Pivotal. Cisco.

GE knows industry. GE is able to securely connect industrial assets from any vendor or vintage anywhere with broad connectivity and security capabilities that allow for the management of complex asset data models. mission-critical availability. Only GE can enable industrial data science by leveraging its physics and engineering-based models. it had to do things differently. To do that. GE manages data at an industrial scale to meet the high velocity. Achieving breakthrough levels of productivity and profitability is possible. Decades of experience in industries from power generation to manufacturing to healthcare have enabled GE to create a platform that meets the unique needs of industry. IT. and its statistical and heuristics models. However. GE secures and monitors 50 million data elements of its customers’ industrial assets everyday. and security support for data at rest and in motion. and manufacturing operations. all in an effort to prevent unplanned downtime for its customers. and high variety of data from industrial machines. and reduce cost. Predix is here to help. The Predix cloud provides hyper-scale elasticity. the software and analytics tools required didn’t exist in the market.Why choose GE? GE used Predix to transform itself. high volume. GE saw a tremendous opportunity to transform the company through the Industrial Internet to drive revenue and services growth. So GE built Predix. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 19 . which it now actively deploys in its own business. And only GE can incorporate learnings from industrial business processes.

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and compliance policy violations that are a threat to the infrastructure. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 21 . Secured storage Provide encrypted block and object storage with associated services. Rigorous risk assessments against the cloud infrastructure Perform penetration testing and compliance scanning to detect any vulnerabilities and compliance violations and quickly remediate them. Secure single sign-on (SSO) services for access to Predix cloud. perform assessments against security controls and procedures. Monitoring and logging Actively search for network intrusion. communicate and remediate any incidents. Secured data in transit within the cloud network Secure the network (using IPSec and SSL/TLS protocols) based on controls defined in Predix hardening standards and related guidelines.Appendix A Predix cloud security The table below lists additional security in place to protect the Predix infrastructure. malicious activities. Isolated customer environments Enable multi-tenacy to ensure that a customer’s business environment and data are hidden from others as needed to ensure privacy. Federated identity management Use tools that leverage the existing identity stores and remove the burden of identity management. OS security Harden and maintain base OS images for provisioned virtual machines based on Predix hardening standards and related guidelines developed to comply with ISO27002/01 and SSAE16 SOC 2 standards and industry best practices. Vulnerability and patch management Test and update software and hardware based on security advisories and regular vendor patch releases utilizing proper change management procedures. Hardware security Architect and securely deploy hardware for the cloud infrastructure based on Predix hardening standards and related guidelines developed to comply with ISO27002/01 and SSAE16 SOC 2 standards and industry best practices.

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