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FEBRUARY 2016

Predix: The Industrial
Internet Platform
Table of Contents
Predix and the Industrial Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Why solve the problem with a cloud platform? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Delivering outcomes that matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Supporting common industry needs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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A cloud infrastructure that runs industrial workloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Gated industrial community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Built on Cloud Foundry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

GE-managed cloud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Capacity on-demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Enhanced security controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Services that support the variety, velocity, and volume of industrial data . . . . . . . . . 8

Connecting GE and non-GE assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Modeling assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Data capture, processing, and management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Turn insights into outcomes with analytics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Building contextually relevant user experiences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Brownfield integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Developing smarter to innovate faster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Microservices as building blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Continuous development using DevOps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Operating an applications business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Industrial grade security that builds end-to-end trust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Governance and certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Platform hardening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Secure industrial apps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Continuous monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Growing the ecosystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Why choose GE? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Learn more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Appendix A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Predix cloud security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform

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pdf Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 3 . industrial data is growing twice as quickly as any other sector. But harnessing that data ‘potential’ from scratch isn’t easy. opportunities may be missed if those KPIs are not standardized across the business. Consider how your business’s decision makers may be struggling to answers questions such as these: • How do I allocate budgets strategically? • Is my facility performing optimally? • Are our current security policies putting us at risk? Guessing at the answers — or being reactive instead of proactive in answering them — undermines a For example: In aviation. even though there are islands of excellence that meet various Key Performance Indicators (KPIs).pdf 3 Cisco report: The Internet of Things. Industrial companies need a software platform that: • is machine-centric. In fact. That’s why GE created Predix — the Industrial Internet platform.com/web/about/ac79/docs/innov/ IoT_IBSG_0411FINAL. And. com/collateral/analyst-reports/idc-the-digital-universe-in-2020. Operational Technology (OT) and Information Technology (IT) often operate separately. leading to duplication as the roles these functions play in organizations converge. Datasets can be fragmented and even siloed such that they can’t be used elsewhere.3 In order to extract insight from the data and gain a competitive advantage. management. Diverse practices lead to performance variability as many of the best practices are used in some but not all parts of an organization. storage.THE DIGITAL UNIVERSE IN 2020: Big Data.emc. Yet today. and market opportunities are missed. less than 3% of that data is tagged and used in a meaningful fashion. • supports heterogeneous data acquisition. and access. Businesses can create innovative apps on Predix that turn real-time operational data into actionable insights. every industrial company will need to become a software company to thrive.2 The amount of industrial data generated will be significant in terms of volume. over 50 billion assets will connect to the Internet. and even risks brand reputation as productivity is lost. • guides personnel with intuitive user experiences. data growth is projected at 50x over today’s volume by 2020 company’s ability to be competitive in its market.cisco. • is delivered securely in the cloud.ge. integration. Predix equips them with 1 GE estimates: https://www.https://www.1 And by 2020. How the Next Evolution of the Internet Is Changing Everything .Predix and the Industrial Internet Investment in the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is expected to top $60 trillion during the next 15 years. velocity. one flight produces 1TB of data: In healthcare. and variety. Tapping into the power of a software platform can help companies get the answers they need when they need them to plan ahead and optimize performance. Bigger Digital Shadows. and Biggest Growth in the Far East . unplanned downtime is not mitigated. • provides advanced predictive analytics.com/digital/press-releases/GE-Announces-Predix-Cloud-Worlds-First-Cloud-Service-Built-Industrial-Data-Analytics 2 IDC report: December 2012 .http://www.

Why solve the problem with a cloud platform? Why a platform? A platform offers a standardized way to enable an entire business to quickly take advantage of operational and business innovations. A common cloud architecture also enables improved system governance. and manufacturing operations. standardized security vulnerability assessments. and release management control and consistency • develop and share best practices. and effectively operate industrial apps. IT. • analytics can be developed and run to deliver insights at all levels of the organization. • lower risk of cost and time overruns. By using a platform that is designed around a reusable building block approach. GE is actively deploying Predix across its own business. • assets can be connected across the entire business so data can be captured. • leverage work elsewhere.PREDIX CLOUD SERVICES CONNECTIVITY Assets Predix Machine Software / Analytics Analytics Data Security APPLICATIONS Operations UI / Mobile Applications Cloud Foundry Data Infrastructure Enterprise Systems External Data The Predix Cloud END-TO-END SECURITY everything they need to rapidly build. GE has the industrial know-how to help companies transform themselves because it has had to transform itself. putting them in charge of their IIoT journey. Independent third parties can also build apps and services on the platform. developers can: • build apps quickly. Why in the cloud? The cloud model allows businesses to take advantage of key capabilities including: • economics of a centrally managed and shared infrastructure in a pay-as-you-go subscription model. • scale to meet different business and application workloads by easily adjusting capacity ondemand. • reduce sources of error. GE also plans to work with many of its customers to use Predix to secure and monitor the approximately $1 trillion GE industrial assets deployed worldwide. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 4 . securely deploy. allowing businesses to extend capabilities easily by tapping the industrial ecosystem. • future-proof their initial investments.

build their own data models. and services. and complexity of industrial data. answer key questions. and operate industrial apps in the cloud by securely connecting machines and data to people — driving outcomes ranging from the reduction of unplanned downtime to improved asset output and operational efficiency. increase productivity. By combining cutting-edge IT with leading-edge OT. Predix brings world-class software innovation to your assets and operations. end-to-end cyber. • take advantage of an industry-wide ecosystem of partners to extend capabilities through integrated software. knowing that an extensible architecture is there to help them grow to meet future requirements. hardware. build their own data models. Mobile staff. while integrating within your organization’s existing IT systems. deploy. and deliver on business outcomes. variety. business analysts. and data scientists can visualize data in the right context. Predix is the only platform designed to: • address the key challenges that prevent growth and market competitiveness. and deliver on business outcomes. plant managers. field operators. • meet the demanding needs for industrial grade. informational. answer key questions.Why move today? There is no time like the present to decrease unplanned downtime. and data scientists can visualize data in the right context. • capture and analyze the velocity. plant managers. volume. Delivering outcomes that matter Predix empowers organizations to develop. and minimize missed opportunities. By getting started with an industrial cloud platform today. The result? Mobile staff. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 5 . • innovate faster by eliminating the barriers to entry to develop industrial apps for new business outcomes. business analysts. and operational security. field operators. businesses address an immediate need.

improving performance and efficiency that can result in lower repair costs. Give workers the machine data. to make repairs and upgrades more effective. expertise and processes they need.Supporting common industry needs GE has invested in building capabilities that can meet common needs across many different industries. Replace the current “break-fix” model with a “predict-andprevent” services approach by making machines softwaredefined. Use LED solutions and sensors in cities and buildings to collect and analyze data and enhance everyone’s experience. reliability. and increase efficiencies. Monitor asset health to identify problems then use predictive and prescriptive analytics to boost productivity. and availability throughout the life cycle of all assets. 5 Industrial Analytics 6 Asset Performance Management Achieve new levels of performance. drive productivity. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 6 . 7 Operations Optimization Use key insights on an enterprisewide scale to resolve operational issues. 1 2 7 3 6 4 5 1 Scheduling & Logistics 3 Intelligent Environments 2 Connected Products 4 Field Force Management Increase asset utilization with predictive analytics.

A cloud infrastructure that runs industrial workloads Public cloud infrastructure doesn’t support the unique and demanding requirements of industry. perhaps most importantly. an open source Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS). Predix cloud can handle vast amounts of Industrial Internet information. GE-managed cloud GE will make Predix available to customers in the Americas. how the cloud provider handles security incidents — especially the reporting and subsequent management and root causing — may impact operations. can generate 1 TB of data). and 24/7 security and network operations centers. Middle East. as well as stringent security requirements. federation. key management. test. This SDI is especially useful when an application dictates that a change to the underlying hardware configuration is needed to ensure that demand is met. such as perimeter security. and privacy needs are included. security. while also managing customer SLAs. SSAE16 SOC 2 compliant and operate at either Tier III (Concurrently Maintainable) or Tier IV (Fault Tolerance) levels. and data visibility. Africa. Europe. Security is embedded at every level of the cloud stack. Capabilities include encryption. See Appendix A for additional security details. network-level security. and Asia. All locations will be ISO27002/01. Data center locations are to be selected based on provider diversity. Industrial data exists as multiterabyte structured streams sampled continuously. Gated industrial community Predix is based on a multi-tenant “gated community” model to ensure that tenants of the cloud belong to the industrial ecosystem. support. customer needs. allowing services to evolve over time. for example. and export controls. logging. For example. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 7 . access control. regional data privacy considerations. Support for various data governance. deploy. Also. app developers can quickly build. based on the Uptime Institute Standards. The provisioning management and pooling of resources can be done at a granular level. and regulatory compliance. compliance. technology capabilities. security. these clouds are developed to support IT data (such as ERP or CRM). Capacity on-demand Predix uses software-defined infrastructure (SDI) as an abstraction layer above the hardware. Built on Cloud Foundry Predix is built on Pivotal’s Cloud Foundry. Developers also gain access to the Cloud Foundry ecosystem and an ever-growing library of services that are continually being contributed by industry. allowing for optimal resource allocation. its support for existing languages and programming tools. By using Cloud Foundry’s unique microservices architecture. GE built a cloud that meets the needs industrial companies have for scale. and. together with its modern development and operations (DevOps) environment. network peering. and ultimately driving costs down and value up. data security. with minimal disruption to the applications. This reduces the risk of bad actors entering the community. scale applications in hours or days instead of weeks or months. governance. resulting in unprecedented volumes of data (one plane flight. This specialized approach offers industrial-grade security. incident response services. support for end-to-end chain of custody reporting for code and data. Enhanced security controls Security is embedded at every level of the cloud stack. and enables GE to account for stringent regulatory requirements in ways that IT-focused public clouds cannot. and security considerations. as every layer is monitored and scanned for vulnerabilities. As a leader in the industrial world.

Metering. • end-to-end monitoring and notifications about the connectivity between Predix cloud and edge assets. secure. Predix connectivity services can provide sameday activation and provisioning. and devices. these services deliver a managed. providing: • physical connectivity globally via cellular. analyzed. endto-end connectivity solution from the edge of a customer’s network to the Predix cloud. control systems. sensors. • one-stop-shop billing and reporting for all connectivity and IP services. Once connected. SSH. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 8 . • ability to manage and control the edge assets by providing remote access via VNC. and are offered worldwide. troubleshooting. sensors. and made available to the right people at the right time to enable the right decisions. Combined with continual proactive monitoring support. ACL. velocity.Services that support the variety. control systems. NAT). Fixed. stored. RDP. data is captured. data sources. These services are available today through several partners. Satellite) Customer Edge Gateway Multisite secure connectivity Connecting GE and non-GE assets VPN Assets CONNECTIVITY AS A SERVICE The design and initial deployment of connectivity services can typically take 6-12 months. and automatic business alerts. • a self-management portal. ensuring data privacy and asset protection. and devices. fixed or satellite networks through partnerships with Tier-1 CSPs (IP QoS. data sources. • secure virtual private network (VPN) between the edge assets and Predix cloud. GE and non-GE—on a very large scale. and volume of industrial data A truly global industrial platform needs to consume and analyze massive volumes of data by connecting to a wide variety of machines. CONNECTIVITY AS A SERVICE Predix Predix Cloud VPN Connectivity (Cellular. Predix can securely connect with machines—old and new. A truly global industrial platform needs to consume and analyze massive volumes of data by connecting to a wide variety of machines. Policing. and HTTP.

while also enabling applications (analytical and operational services) at the edge. and managed in a safe and secure manner. Predix machine also provides security. ensuring that assets are connected. industrial and commercial assets that previously operated stand-alone can be connected to the cloud for data collection and analytics. On Controllers Cloud Predix Predix Cloud On Sensor Nodes Predix Cloud ud On Clo emise On Pr Direct to Cloud Gateway Gateway Gateway IT / OT Protocols Sensor/ Device 1 Sensor/ Device n The gateway acts as a smart conduit between the cloud and the machines . controlled. and that critical data is protected. Its primary responsibility is to provide secure. Predix machine can make any equipment or device a more intelligent “software- On Gateways defined machine. and governance services for endpoint devices. This allows security profiles to be audited and managed centrally across devices. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform Sensor Nodes Leveraging low cost intelligent sensors deployed on or near the assets allows data to be transmitted directly or through a gateway to Predix. The latter is particularly important to delivering near-real-time processing in controlled environments.providing connectivity to assets via a variety of IT or OT protocols. more connected products. 9 . bi-directional connectivity to industrial assets (GE or non-GE).” enabling a new generation of smarter. Machine Controller By using existing controllers. authentication.PREDIX MACHINE Predix machine is part of the “edge” software for Predix.

flat files. For example. Connection to the source: Connections are established with GE and non-GE machine sensors. Predix has an open asset model. etc. which can provide a richer view of how the assets live within the business and who needs access. Data capture. An application developer can create an asset model that describes the logical component structure of all locomotives in a fleet. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 10 . There are four key components: 1. Asset Classification Pumps Positive Displacement Kinetic Reciprocating Rotary Axial Centrifugal Radial Special Effect Peripheral Asset Structure Template Pump Motor Bearing Brush Assembly Pump Maintenance Operations Replace Pump part # P456 with alternate part # P400 Inception End Time Line of Maintenance Events During Asset Life Cycle Finally. and manage asset models that define asset properties.) between assets and other modeling elements. gateways. It offers a secure. One example use case is for configuration management. and cloud-based applications. historians. Templates can be used to create the structures that define the components that make up a complex asset. This history then allows for a snapshot of that locomotive’s state (operating. as well as hierarchical relationships (parent. and management Predix data services provide rapid access to data and timely analytics while minimizing storage and compute costs. the changes are recorded in the system. retired. and by bulk upload. peer. As a locomotive’s configuration changes over its lifespan. Data ingestion: Data is ingested from the source in real time. Asset models typically employ common elements. enterprise databases. 2. which allows developers to create custom modeling objects that meet their own unique domain needs — for example. etc. controllers. store. It also allows for displaying timelines of change events that have occurred to the asset over its lifespan. It also supports the ability to plug in analytic engines and languages to interact and process the data. processing. classifications support different ways to identify and search for assets. to support non-GE assets. child. and then create instances of that model to represent each individual locomotive.Modeling assets CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT The Predix asset service enables developers to create.) at a particular date and time. multi-tenancy model that includes network-level data isolation and encrypted key-management capabilities.

including unstructured. MRI images). and generation of code. all of which make running predictive analytics difficult. This allows use of the data for both operational and analytical purposes. ERP… TIME SERIES BUSINESS CACHING SEARCH APIs Machine Real Time Cloud Gateway Machine + Enterprise Data Enterprise Mobile DIST. and real-time data processing. Pipeline processing: The ingestion pipeline can efficiently ingest massive amounts of data from millions of assets. These tools speed the design. or an RDBMS. It also provides data blending capabilities. data tagging. and build targeted analyses that impact business outcomes. Data management: Data needs to be stored in the appropriate data store. FILE SYSTEMS DATA PROCESSING predictive analysis and data modeling can be done in real time. where users can deploy tools to extract value from these data sources to find patterns and process complex events (i.DATA CAPTURE. making it easier to manage and monitor simple. reusable framework for industrial analytics. Analytic services abstract the intellectual property of a business’s advanced analyses to reusable analytics and orchestra- Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 11 . 4. PROCESSING. create insights. testing. allowing users to perform data cleansing. Predix offers a scalable. data enrichment (for example. and structured. whether it be time series for machine sensor data. Turn insights into outcomes with analytics Companies that leverage analytics can become more data driven. Binary Large Object (BLOB) (for example. A business can take its advanced analyses and express them as analytics. data can be messy. look for a combination of certain types of events to create a higher level business event). AND MANAGEMENT Data Origination Data Ingestion Store and Process Analysis & Usage Catalogs Analytics Datasets Pipeline Historians Bulk Upload Message Service OBJECT Pipeline Compliance Access Ctrl Privacy Workflow tools allow the user to identify specific sources and to create default data flows for all—or specific—data sets and data types.. 3. merging with location or weather data). ongoing data synchronization projects. The pipeline policy framework provides governance and cataloging services. and come from multiple sources. semi-structured.e. onetime projects to complex. Pipeline processing allows the data to be converted to the correct format so that Simulation “What-If” Decision Support PREDICTIVE DESCRIPTIVE COMPLEXITY OF ANALYTICS PRESCRIPTIVE TURNING INSIGHTS INTO OUTCOMES Forecasting Prognostics Health Assessment Condition Monitoring ASSET FACILITY FLEET INCREASING SCOPE OF OPTIMIZATION NOSQL Web RELATIONAL Governance CRM. However. enabling businesses to analyze data. increase data quality. arrive in different formats.

Operational analytics at the edge ensure the efficient operation of assets. predictive. MRI machine. • Descriptive analytics help determine what happened and why. Deploying analytics in the cloud also ensures that analytics are dynamically scaled across the business. and prescriptive analytics. • Prescriptive analytics help to improve the decision-making process. Predix also offers descriptive. providing a comprehensive approach to uncovering relationships in data. but those analytics can be improved over time based on historical analysis. Java. and Matlab. and operating rooms. predictive. and use descriptive analytics as even small insights can generate big outcomes. Predix analytics enable a feedback loop between operational and historical analytics. From this analysis. Predix performs two types of data analyses: operational and historical. However. — to detect problems so that split-second changes can be made in the operation of the asset to prevent damage or to optimize performance. Operational analytics at the edge ensure the efficient operation of assets. Predix also offers descriptive. • Predictive analytics help determine what might happen next by forecasting based on a model. Each group of analytics has its own use. technicians. • Historical analytics: The collection and analysis of petabytes of historical operational data. and reused across different business solutions. and prescriptive analytics. Prescriptive analytics determine possible actions towards a solution that has the largest impact on a company’s bottom line. hospitals might look at what new opportunities exist to maximize physician throughput based on the mix of physicians. wind turbine. saving time and extending the investment elsewhere in the business. providing a comprehensive approach to uncovering relationships in data. an airline might assess the health of an engine over 6 months to determine if preventative maintenance is required.tions (workflows) that define analytic sequences. Descriptive analytics summarize data to gain insights from the past and determine how the past might influence the future. etc. Instead. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 12 . start small by identifying a workable problem. Effective analytic functions can be cataloged. For example. • Operational analytics: Data is analyzed in real time at the source — an aircraft engine. For example. waiting until all the infrastructure and operational capabilities are in place to support all three is not optimal. shared. but those analytics can be improved over time based on historical analysis. it is possible to build a large-scale predictive model that can be used to more efficiently operate entire manufacturing plants or fleets of equipment. Data scientists are able to publish analytics in Python. For example. an oil company might look at how specific oil wells can be combined to increase the overall production of the entire field.

Artifactory.Building contextually relevant user experiences Predix supports the building of responsive web. Predix achieves this at a number of levels: • Machines: Connect machines of any vendor or vintage. location. • Data: Standard connectors are included for time series. Applications are not only context-aware. and compliance are taken care of within the system. ERP. • Mobile devices: By supporting HTML5. and CRM systems. data. and cohesive solutions for theming. Node. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 13 . DDS. integration with existing—and future—equipment. modular. especially in brownfield sites. but also context-adaptive — meaning they will change according to the context. and UI components with tailored integration points into the rest of the Predix platform stack. and tablets can be used across the business. layout. as well as TCP-based sockets communication. The Predix user experience (UX) system provides developers and designers with simple. Custom connectors can also be built to incorporate proprietary data schemas. Predix machine supports a number of protocols. mobile. smartphones. Matlab. JaCoCo. and Ruby on Rails. and embedded applications that scale gracefully from smart phone to desktop. localization. existing desktop browsers. and analytics is critical. and Python. Internationalization. This paradigm removes the need for multiple applications and context switching by users. so users can visualize and interact with the application in a way that is relevant to them. GitHub. • Programming languages/tools: Support is provided for Java. including OPC-UA. Python. and MODBUS. • Analytics: Support is provided for Java.js. Brownfield integration To take advantage of the Industrial Internet.

these microservices can users while keeping the rest of the system available and stable. Filter Event Case SmartSignal Microservice Microservice Microservice Microservice so once solutions are deployed. In fact. versus only 20% of time spent on innovation. allowing frequent releases for delivered as discrete services. Microservices are also great enablers create applications. developers can use their favorite language and tools. The microservices architecture provides a level of isolation. such Predix microservices are reusable software modules as Connectivity. eliminating code recompilation and streamlining operations. systems and ‘things’. Apps and Timeseries microservices built Microservice on Predix also benefit from the availability and scalability of the underlying infrastructure Note management provided within GE’s own Microservice managed data centers. stand-alone components. Typically developers spend up to 80% Asset of their time integrating and upgrading systems and technologies. that can be leveraged as building blocks to rapidly incrementally. They are also easy to maintain.Developing smarter to innovate faster Building Industrial Internet apps comes with some unique requirements and needs that separate them from traditional IT apps. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 14 . Field Agent. and the design of Predix incorporates those learnings with tools and services that decrease the amount of time spent on integration. updates are much simpler and more efficient. monolithic app architectures. because microservices can be developed as separate. and scaling and securing infrastructure. Because they are developed and for continuous delivery. PREDIX CLOUD Predix Industrial Microservices Analytics Data Security Operations Platform as a Service Cloud Foundry Infrastructure as a Service be loosely coupled into apps without the complexity and dependencies of traditional. Development teams are relieved from time consuming integration tasks. enabling small teams of developers to deliver Microservices as building blocks new capabilities and to version existing services. and Time series. the time spent on innovation is now closer to 80%. such as building software server stacks. Asset. integrating and configuring products. GE has years of experience building software apps for industry. Additionally. managing SLAs (service level agreements).

It also enables continuous development. and why? And. user groups. Operating an applications business Building applications is one thing. Env. enabling a more integrated and iterative environment from build to release to deployment operations. packages. The Predix Business Operations (BizOps) service enables a data-driven decision-making process for businesses wishing to maximize their application efforts and speed time to usage or market. and launch components of their apps across different users. BizOps provides complete visibility into how each component is used. Predix also helps users visualize data in a way that is UNDERSTANDING USAGE FOR DEVELOPERS BizOps helps an organization roll out applications across different parts of its business. Together with its user experience (UX) framework. By placing the user at the center of every business operation. This offers invaluable insights for developers. • source control management (SCM) through GitHub service. what is the best subscription strategy? By tightly integrating these functions in a single environment. as they can uncover the real impact of the way they package their application to drive long-term user engagement.Code Build Test (Unit) Merge Req. Env. It also helps answer the nagging questions related to application commercialization: What is an application’s adoption rate? How are users are using it? What features or services are not being used. By placing the user at the center of every business operation. split-test. A Deploy To Prod. This results in building new capabilities faster and at a lower cost. split-test. • load testing tools. quality assurance. and distribution channels. and launch components of their apps across different users. where a new module or feature set can be automatically rolled into production as soon as it is completed. including development. development teams can iteratively build. placing the user at the center of that strategy is critical. Deploy to Integration Environment Continuous development using DevOps Functional & Regression Testing Deploy to Staged Environment Deploy To Prod. • automated build and deploy with the Delivery Pipeline service. based on those factors. B Predix provides a set of development and operations (DevOps) tools that provide tight integration between functions that have traditionally been siloed. and deploy applications. and IT. contextually relevant and useful to them no matter the device they use. Code Build Test (Unit) Merge Req. test. identifying the best and worst performing products. For any successful application strategy. Features include: • agile planning through the Track & Plan service. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 15 . teams shorten their development cycles significantly and make the agile vision of incorporating frequent user feedback simple. development teams can iteratively build. Predix offers a rich development environment that allows developers to rapidly build. DevOps provides the software environment to make agile a reality. ensuring that they are actually being used and can be profited on (when desired in the future) is another.

software.BUILDING A SUBSCRIPTION BUSINESS BizOps considers the lifetime value of each individual subscriber. expertise. Predix leverages common controls that enables support compliance with over 60 national and international governing body regulations. and security of the data of each end-user enterprise. and FIPS 140-2 to manage the availability. meeting or exceeding the requirements of customers from a very broad range of industry sectors. and best practices to create an environment of trust for industrial companies. Instead of layering When evaluating cloud technology. governance and certification onto existing IT data workflows. If a problem occurs. They need a way to effectively bridge the worlds of IT and OT in a manner that can establish end-to-end security and trust — from the factory floor to users on their devices. Predix integrates them directly into its architecture. where Secure and certify operational infrastructure Bring operational availablility and governance with “IT” Protect OT/IT in an app factory delivery model Establish user-based world for industrial apps GOVERNANCE & CERTIFICATION PLATFORM HARDENING SECURE INDUSTRIAL APPS CONTINUOUS MONITORING Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 16 . it is essential to have clarity on what went wrong. It does so through advanced segmentation capabilities that enable applications to iteratively create pricing plans for each segment and to meter the service so that the cost-to-serve model is transparent. GE has developed a comprehensive security strategy that combines security certifications. NIST 800-53. Industrial grade security that builds end-to-end trust Companies need a strategy for adopting security that better positions them to take advantage of the opportunities presented by the Industrial Internet. Predix builds in governance end-to-end — from the end-user right through to the operational infrastructure. Predix is built on a common infrastructure governance model based on ISO 27001/2. and effectively segmenting the market to create appropriate subscription pricing models and terms. Governance and certification Platform hardening Governance and certification are essential components of an Industrial Internet platform that deals with sensitive information. integrity. hardware. industrial companies are frequently concerned about levels of accountability and visibility into the proper functioning of the system. businesses can have complete visibility into the revenue and cost dynamics of the service they are offering to maximize subscriber revenues. These ‘pillars of trust’ are represented below. By understanding the cost dynamics of a service provided.

governance. evaluate app users. Predix can also survey new microservices arriving into the development area to detect any abnormal or suspicious behavior. devices. The Predix infrastructure team follows a complete “DevOpsSec” (DevelopmentOperations-Security) process for all apps and microservices. By combining DevOpsSec with static and dynamic automated testing. This includes the ability to establish a baseline and highlight potential security concerns prior to deployment. This visibility extends into the exchanges to/from the OT environment. • app-to-app behavioral evaluation. as well as configure OS user authentication and resource controls appropriately. Additional capabilities include: • full Security Operations Center (SOC) and tooling. with data loss protection and malware detection from the external networks all the way through to the application or microservice. Security. This approach greatly reduces the possibility of malware making its way into the run-time environment. The Predix team also provides guidance for the shared responsibility of the user organization to implement controls at application and data layers. Automated and manual controls are deployed to identify and patch system vulnerabilities. This results in unified and clean run-time environments. • chain of custody for data communities maintained. and creates a “heat-map” dashboard for the Predix Security Operations team to protect customers served by Predix. Predix helps keep new code as clean as possible. applications.it went wrong. handle data properly. To that end. and data are enforced. Continuous monitoring Maintaining security requires comprehensive visibility. software. and how to fix it. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 17 . • automated isolation and monitoring of incidents. Predix makes tools available to help developers create secure workflows. Secure industrial apps Establishing a secure software development environment is critical. Common and layer identity for users. Predix achieves this through continuous monitoring at every layer. and network protocols. without impacting the developer or the application itself. and dynamically test applications and APIs throughout the development process. As part of DevOpsSec. and privacy cyber protections are automatically built into Predix. GE has implemented platform hardening at every layer and connection to remove unnecessary services.

GE’s partners include Accenture. GE partners with other technology companies. Intel. The result is a marketplace in which GE’s partners provide many of the new capabilities. reference architectures. Infosys. Pitney Bowes. consultants.Growing the ecosystem GE cannot grow the ecosystem alone. and case studies. Cisco. Pivotal. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 18 . Softbank — proven players in the market that are co-innovating and leveraging industry know-how and technologies. GE is also a founding member of the Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC). an open membership. and systems integrators to drive important advances in Predix functionality that businesses can leverage for their own use. as the vision is bigger than just one company. Only those partners that pass rigorous audits to prove their technical and operational skills together with customer references are chosen. academia. and influencing global standards development to ensure interoperability. not-for-profit group of public and private institutions that focuses on developing use cases and test beds. sharing best practices.

Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 19 . So GE built Predix. the software and analytics tools required didn’t exist in the market. The Predix cloud provides hyper-scale elasticity. To do that. Achieving breakthrough levels of productivity and profitability is possible. However. And only GE can incorporate learnings from industrial business processes. GE saw a tremendous opportunity to transform the company through the Industrial Internet to drive revenue and services growth. Predix is here to help. and its statistical and heuristics models. GE knows industry. Only GE can enable industrial data science by leveraging its physics and engineering-based models.Why choose GE? GE used Predix to transform itself. it had to do things differently. and security support for data at rest and in motion. IT. which it now actively deploys in its own business. mission-critical availability. all in an effort to prevent unplanned downtime for its customers. high volume. GE manages data at an industrial scale to meet the high velocity. GE secures and monitors 50 million data elements of its customers’ industrial assets everyday. and high variety of data from industrial machines. Decades of experience in industries from power generation to manufacturing to healthcare have enabled GE to create a platform that meets the unique needs of industry. GE is able to securely connect industrial assets from any vendor or vintage anywhere with broad connectivity and security capabilities that allow for the management of complex asset data models. and reduce cost. and manufacturing operations.

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Secured storage Provide encrypted block and object storage with associated services. and compliance policy violations that are a threat to the infrastructure. OS security Harden and maintain base OS images for provisioned virtual machines based on Predix hardening standards and related guidelines developed to comply with ISO27002/01 and SSAE16 SOC 2 standards and industry best practices. Secure single sign-on (SSO) services for access to Predix cloud.Appendix A Predix cloud security The table below lists additional security in place to protect the Predix infrastructure. Secured data in transit within the cloud network Secure the network (using IPSec and SSL/TLS protocols) based on controls defined in Predix hardening standards and related guidelines. Federated identity management Use tools that leverage the existing identity stores and remove the burden of identity management. Vulnerability and patch management Test and update software and hardware based on security advisories and regular vendor patch releases utilizing proper change management procedures. Isolated customer environments Enable multi-tenacy to ensure that a customer’s business environment and data are hidden from others as needed to ensure privacy. Rigorous risk assessments against the cloud infrastructure Perform penetration testing and compliance scanning to detect any vulnerabilities and compliance violations and quickly remediate them. communicate and remediate any incidents. Predix : The Industrial Internet Platform 21 . Hardware security Architect and securely deploy hardware for the cloud infrastructure based on Predix hardening standards and related guidelines developed to comply with ISO27002/01 and SSAE16 SOC 2 standards and industry best practices. Monitoring and logging Actively search for network intrusion. malicious activities. perform assessments against security controls and procedures.

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