Peter Gaspar

Consulting Systems Engineer, SP Mobility, MEA

© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

11

MONETIZE

OPTIMIZE

VIDEO
EXPERIENCE

Framework for the Mobile Internet Architecture

Cisco® Service
Provider
Wi-Fi

M.O.VE™

Cisco® Unified
RAN Backhaul

Cisco®
Multimedia
Packet Core

Cisco®
Cisco®
Voice & Video over
Data Center and
LTE
Cloud
(V2oLTE)

Cisco®
PRIME Network
Management

22

Linear transport for linear Subscriber Growth
Basic WAP
Content

SP
Content

Single-Service
Mobile Voice

Core

Single-Path
Circuit Transmission

Single-Access
RAN

Radio Access

3

Distributed to Scale with Non-Linear M.O.VE Demands
Multi-Service

Third-Party
Content

SP
Content

Video, Voice, Internet
B2B2C

National
Data Center/
Cloud/VHO

IP Core

National
Data Center/
Cloud/VHO

Multi-Path
Cell to Cell
Cell to Cloud

Regional
Data
Center/VSO

EPC/Edge

Regional
Data
Center/VSO

Multi-Access
Radio Access
WiFi Access
Ethernet Access

Unified
RAN

Business
Home
4

© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 55 .

load varies on RBS type. peak) Mbps Source: NGMN Alliance • RBS load on Eth. features. number of antennas.• Max. UE types. etc. for N x tricell eNodeB: Max(Nx42. • Provisioning for LTE = Max (N x busy time mean.2) Mbps 6 . 73.9.intf.

S1-c Base Station to MME interface Multi-homed to multiple MME pools SCTP/IP based S11 MME to SAE GW GTP-c Version 2 X2 inter base station interface SCTP/IP Signalling GTP tunneling following handover SAE GW to PDN GW GTP or PMIP based macro mobility S1-u Base Station to SAE GW GTP-u base micro mobility 7 .

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• IPsec ESP using IKEv2 Security Layer 1 certificate based authentication • Tunnel mode IPsec being Xu mandatory and transport mode being optional • Likely that transport mode used to protect X2 *reduced overhead and low traffic) • SeGW used to offload EPC and allow IPSec scaling S1-MME MME X2 1 SAE GW Security Layer 2 • Protection optional on S1-MME and S1-U • Port based authentication on cell site demarcation 9 .

LTE/SAE Architectural Requirements LTE/SAE factors Direct “X2” interface & handover between eNodeBs Offload architecture. & Phase) requirements Strict Latency requirement (LTE/SAE standard) Intelligent H-QoS requirements Wholesale/RAN sharing offering with Multi-Operator Core Network/Gateway Core Network Simplified Fast Convergence options OAM mechanisms & Performance monitoring Network Requirement Distributed network intelligence Increased RAN intelligence IPSec gateways (IKEv2) requirement in the Aggregation Intuitive and secure networking IPv6 and IPv4 support mandated Multicast and Multicast VPN support Packet and Physical Layer options Optimal platform and network design required Extensive UNI QoS capabilities required Intelligent network identification and forwarding Optimised and simplified IP/MPLS fast convergence Troubleshooting and fault isolation/SLA metrics 10 10 . increased Bandwidth. Video Insertion/Caching IPSec requirement in the backhaul Authentication and Security framework IPv6 framework fully defined Multicast requirements Synchronisation (Freq. traffic offload.

TDM EVC. 11 . business services and CDN Synchronization SyncE. IEEE1588 (OC. VPLS. Security SeGW (IPSec) No For S1 interface encryption on untrusted aggregation (microwave. IEEE1588 at L2 only L2 technologies transport IEEE1588 transparently.) Maturity Mature Early standard/no standard for TMPLS Non-mature standards may cause problems with interoperability and OAM. ATM. wholesale etc.IP/MPLS MPLS-TP (T-MPLS) Comment L2 Services EVC. L3 Services L3VPN No For wireline business services and broadcast separation domain Any-to-Any Traffic Matrix Yes No Needed for optimal X2 interface handling Multicast Yes No Required for E-MBMS services IP Core Interoperability Native No. GGSN SAE/PDN No Services closer to the subscriber for local breakout. TDM VPLS is common in wireline business services offerings. can not improve stability midway. IP (L3) connectivity is needed Service distribution L3VPN. ATM. needs PE router for L2 to L3 connection For eNB to S-GW connection. BC) SyncE.

e.Preferred LTE Deployment Option E-UTRAN Cell Site Access Layer Fibre Dot1q/QnQ/REP PWE3/(MPLS-TP) Dot1q/QnQ/REP PWE3/(MPLS-TP) Pre-Aggregation Layer GE Ring E-PC Aggregation Layer MME SGW PDN GW Backbone Layer 10 GE Ring MPLS VPN Half Duplex (L3VPN) MPLS VPN (L3 VPN) Core Application i. SGW. MME X2 Traffic (inter-NodeB) Optional Dot1q/QnQ/REP PWE3/MPLS-TP E-Line (L2 VPN) Management traffic for initial setup and configuration 12 .

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Any Radio. Any Media Radio Content Unified RAN Backhaul Voice 2G 3G+ RAN Backhaul LTE/4G Video Data uWave CE SDH ATM Media 14 14 .

Reduce Power Increase Mbs/Watt Cell Site TCO Distribution Source: China Mobile Reduce Footprint Electricity 60% TCO O&M Site Acquisition & Planning Site Support Site Rental Civil Works Transmission OPEX over 7 years BTS Multi-use POP 40% TCO Simplify Management Radio Access CAPEX 15 .

Extending Cisco ASR 9000 System to Access and Mobile Networks SP Benefits ASR 9000 System ASR 9922 Multi-Dimensional Scale ASR 9010 Simplify Operations Service Velocity ASR 9006 ASR 9001 Single 96 Tb IPv6 System ASR 903 ASR 9000v ASR 901 36x More Capacity than the Closest Competitive Platform 16 .

1ah VPLS • Most comprehensive CE feature set in an ASIC • Builds on Cisco’s expertise working with service providers worldwide • Purposely build for the Carrier Ethernet and MPLS Access and preaggregation 17 .Cisco Carrier Ethernet ASICs 802.1ad Deep Buffers Statistics Collection Multiple PQ High Availability CE ASIC Control Plan Security Service Scale Loopbacks H-QoS 802.1Q 802.

Port scale limited to chassis. Inconsistent service outages upon device failure. Aggregation Reduced protocol complexity between edge and aggregation Access Up to 84. Converge d Business nV Substantial reduction in OPEX over 6 years vs competitors. Inconsistent features between edge and aggregation. Edge Single release vehicle offering feature consistency. Edge and aggregation managed as one virtual system through Cisco Prime IP NGN. Residential Siloed service domains.Network Virtualization SP Services/ Content Third-Party Services/ Content Before: nV Technology Cisco Prime IP NGN After: nV Technology Core Each device managed separately.480 GE ports managed through a single virtual system 18 .

Highest Performance. Smallest Form Factor.5 W/Gbps W/Gbps W/Gbps 2X performance 1/3 power per GE 19 .4 20+ 7. Lowest Power nV ASR 9001 240 Gbps 120 Gbps 80 Competitor 1 Competitor 2 20 2 RU 2 RU 3 RU 3X performance with nV flexibility 10 RU ASR 903 ASR 901 Competitor 1 Competitor 2 Competitor 3 Competitor 1 Competitor 2 55-360 70 Gbps 40 6 5 RU 3 RU 2 RU 9X performance in 40% less space 16 Gbps 2 8 1 RU 1 RU 1 RU 2.

WiFi. • Any Layer 2 and 3 access combination • Any Layer 1 microwave. HSPA.Unifies Backhaul Operations for Many Generations User Devices RF Access IP RAN Backhaul Edge Pre-Aggregation Cell 2G BH Gateway Aggregation TDM/ATM/SDH BSC Pseudowire Cisco® MWR 7600 ASR ASR900 900 BSC 3G+ GE Mobile Internet Device Broadband Wireless Laptop 10 GE Core Core SGSN GGSN MME S/P-GW Cisco CRS-1 and CRS-3 Cisco CRS-1 and CRS-3 RNC RNC ASR 5000 IP/MPLS Microwave Control ASR 9K 40-100 GE ASR 900 LTE/4G Cisco ASR 901 Residential Services 10 GE Metro/CE HNB ASR 1000 Unified Management for Mobile Backhaul ME 3800-X 10 GE STB IP/Ethernet Unifies Any Combination • TDM. LTE. L3VPN. 3G. copper. 2G. Femto. GE. etc. or satellite Enterprise Services 100 Times the Capacity for a Fraction of the Cost 21 . 10 GE. ATM. FMC. fiber. IP.

Any Source. Any Media 4G/LTE BSC/RNC TDM Source SyncE SyncE All IP MTSO Central Office 4G Node Hybrid 2G/3G/LTE 1588v2 Grand Master Source BTS/BCS TDM 1588v2 Hybrid 1588v2 4G Node TDM Traditional TDM BTS/BCS 2G/3G 22 .

All rights reserved.© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. Cisco Confidential 23 23 .

o Optimized for Aggregation of o Designed for Longevity & TCO: o Based on IOS-XR & Cisco PRIME for o Enables of Business & Residential Services for both Fixed & Mobile Networks o Advanced o Industry Leading with Cisco nV Technology 24 .

CGN • Mobile EPC Monetization New revenue streams • Bandwidth per Slot • Ports per Chassis • Small to Large Systems Optimization Efficient delivery Integrated Services Network & Services Virtualization • Cross-chassis Clustering • Access-layer Satellites • Virtualized Services Plane 25 .• Video Streaming Scalable Portfolio • BNG + DPI.

Market Functionality Network Virtualization Mobile (nV) Backhaul on High Scale ATM & CEoPS Ethernet Subscriber IP RAN Backhaul Awareness For Ethernet & TDM Advanced Rich L3 VPN IPv6 Data Center Layer 2 Services & PE & Carrier Services Legacy Interconnect Ethernet Interfaces Broadcast & Advanced On-Demand Videoscape Video Delivery Features Available 2H 2011 Application Virtualization 2012 2012+ 26 26 .

Eth Switch w/ 12 GE ports • Power Supply: Dual line feed • Redundant power supply • Redundant fans Flexible • LTE ready ASR 901 TDM + Ethernet Cell Site Router w/ 16 T1/E1 + 12 GE ports • Pay-as-you-grow license model Scalable • 12 GE ports + 16 T1/E1 ports Cisco ASR 901 Cell Site Router for 2G. 10Mhz. ETSI 300mm depth. 1PPS. QOS at line rate • SyncE. BITS.PAYG now Available Compact • 1RU. ToD. L3 Routing capabilities with MPLS. p2p 29 . 3G & 4G Accelerating the migration from 2G/3G to 4G/LTE • L2 Switching. 1588v2 OC/BC/HC. < 40W • Hardened/Extended temp range -40c to +65c Reliable ASR 901 Ethernet only Metro/Carr.

10GE. 3G & 4G Optimized for 10G Access Rings • L2 Switching. 2012 Compact ASR 901 Ethernet only – DC and AC Metro/Carr.NEW: Sept. L3 Routing capabilities with MPLS. p2p 30 . 1588v2 BC. features) Scalable Cisco ASR 901 Cell Site Router for 2G. ToD. QOS at line rate • SyncE. Eth Switch w/ 12 GE + 2 x10G ports A901-12CZ-F-D A901-12CZ-F-A • 1RU. 1PPS. • Hardened/Extended temp range -40c to +65c Reliable • DC Power Supply: Dual line feed • Redundant DC power supply ASR 901 TDM + Ethernet – DC and AC Cell Site Router w/ 8 T1/E1 + 12 GE + 2x 10G ports A901-12CZ-FT-D A901-12CZ-FT-A • AC Power Version Available • Redundant fans Flexible • LTE ready • Pay-as-you-grow license model (ports. ETSI 300mm depth. 10Mhz. BITS.

IP-SLA . CFM. BITS. Y. 6 interface slots. HQoS • ISSU • Layer3+: MPLS VPN.future proof • Timing: SyncE.1731. E-OAM. MPLS OAM • nV support on roadmap 31 31 . MPLS-TP. IEEE 1588-2008. range -40 to 65 C • Scalable • Ethernet : 1x10GE and 8xGE • TDM/ATM: 16x T1/E1 and 4x STM1 / 1x STM4 • Feature rich • Redundant PSUs. FANs and RSPs • Carrier Ethernet: EVC. VPLS • Modular • 360 Gbps back-plane capacity .Key Highlights MEF 9 + 14 Certified • Compact • 3RU. Link OAM. GNSS • Advanced QoS capability • Upgradable RSP and Interfaces • Flexible Interface Module selections • Capable • Hardware: Cisco Carrier Ethernet ASIC • Software: Cisco IOS-XE (Carrier Grade OS) • Manageable • Cisco Prime for management • OAM: Y. side-2-side cooling • Fits in 300mm cabinets (235mm deep) • Reliable • Extended operating temp.1731.

Metro Services Metro IP Services L2 Based IP Based Baseline Metro Aggregation Services technologies MPLS Based 32 .pay as you grow • Purchasing of small increments of ports is designed into the platform Enhanced IEEE 1588-2008 Boundary Clock technologies • For STM1/OC3 and higher speed TDM ports a pay per port license is supported ATM • In addition to the base licenses enhanced technology licenses are available • Upgrading is supported at any moment in time through a license key.

compact and hardened. proactive management Low Watt per Gbps of capacity. Richest services breadth • • • • Enhanced QoS Full MPLS and MPLS-TP services support Advanced security and authentication Legacy interfaces support Focus on operational efficiency • • • • nV ready for future evolution to satellite architecture Enables Unified MPLS for operation simplicity Unified. less stringent air condition requirement 33 .Outlasting the competition New Class of Price Performance • • Only device in its category that will scale to 100 Gbps per slot. sw feature for and modular OS to guarantee non-stop availability. delivering on future requirements for mobile and fixed pre-aggregation Carrier class: full hardware redundancy .

existing backhaul.• Point and click operations Intuitive GUI for rapid visualization & diagnosis • Cisco VNE .Virtual Network Element extensibility Rapid hardware & software add-ons to live PRIME system • Multi-vendor management Microwave. adjacent device • 50:1 reduction in event storms Intelligent alarm to service correlation • Life-cycle management Simplified deployment and lower TCO 34 .

All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 35 35 .© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates.

we need: SCALE 10000’s of routers with services 36 .• If we use MPLS/IP in the aggregation and access. besides the bandwidth and features it provides.

What is Unified MPLS? Scale by hierarchy Sample Routing Architecture Pre-Aggregation Node Access Node Access Network iBGP/eBGP Aggregation Node Core ABR EPC Gateway Core Network Aggregation Network Access Node IGP/LDP Aggregation Node IGP/LDP Core ABR Centralised RR IGP/LDP L2  Only necessary information is shared between levels of hierarchy  Only standard protocols are used to interconnect and filter information  Fast convergence using standard protocols and optimized system architecture  Ensure correct QoS and simple OAM 37 .

MPLS etc. Node (Inline RR) (Inline RR) iBGP IPv4+label iBGP IPv4+label Access Node Gateway Agg.Sample E2E Unified MPLS Architecture Access Network Access Node Core Network Aggregation Aggregation Network MPC Network Core ABR Core ABR Pre-Agg. 38 . IP. Node L2 Access Access Node Access Node L2 Access iBGP Hierarchical LSP  One of possible hierarchies  Access can be L2. Node iBGP IPv4+label Core ABR Core ABR Centralised RR (Inline RR) (Inline RR) Agg. Node Access Network Pre-Agg. Node Agg. Node IGP(ISIS L1)/LDP LSP IGP(ISIS L2)/LDP LSP IGP(ISIS L1)/LDP LSP Agg.

Node L2 Access Node IGP/LDP Label BGP3107 Label (Inline RR) ISIS Level 1/OSPF x Agg. PW) labels are used by Label BGP PEs Note: Remote LFA could add a 4th Label if used 39 . Node Loopbacks Access Network Access Node Core Network Aggregation Aggregation Network MPC Network Core ABR Core ABR Agg. Node Swap L2 Access Node Agg.Sample E2E Unified MPLS Architecture Routing Isolation and Label Stack for LSP between Pre-Agg. IGP area has routes for that area only plus routes to core ABRs Only the core ABR’s are propagated from L2 to L1 LDP labels are used to traverse each domain and reach core ABRs BGP labels are used by Labeled BGP PEs & ABRs to reach Labeled BGP PEs in remote areas Service (e. Node Push Swap Push Gateway (Inline RR) ISIS Level 2/OSPF 0 Push Swap Swap Agg. Node ISIS Level 1/OSPF x Core ABR Core ABR (Inline RR) Centralised RR (Inline RR) Pop Access Network Pop Service Label LDP LSP LDP LSP LDP LSP BGP LSP       No IGP route is propagated from Aggregation to the Core.g. Node Pop Swap Access Node Pre-Agg. Node Pre-Agg.

3. 5. 6. 6: LFA FRR applicable 7: Possible extension   MPLS-TE FRR: extends LFA FRR to squares and rings (Remote LFA FRR) BGP PIC : innovation enabling BGP to scale the IGP with simplicity 2. Node Pre-Agg. 4: Inter-Area convergence with very little RIB/FIB update 40 . Node Push Swap (Inline RR) Push Push Swap Swap Pre-Agg. Node Pop Swap 7 Access Node Pop Service Label LDP LSP LDP LSP LDP LSP BGP LSP  IGP FC: Simple. always required in all areas 1. 3. 5. Node (Inline RR) 2 Access Node IGP/LDP Label BGP3107 Label Agg.E2E Resiliency with Unified MPLS MPLS tools reused in hierarchy Access Network Access Node Core Network Aggregation Aggregation MPC Network Core ABR Network Core ABR Agg. sub-second. Node 4 3 2/OSPF 0 ISIS Level ISIS Level 1 1/OSPF x L2 Gateway Access Network Swap L2 Access Node Agg. 6Node ISIS Level51/OSPF x Core ABR Core ABR (Inline RR) Centralised RR (Inline RR) Pop Agg. 7: Single-Area Convergence  LFA FRR: simple <50ms Link and Node 1.

Node Access Node Aggregation Network Agg. Node Agg. Single OAM domain/End-to-end resiliency 41 . Node Agg. Provision access circuits (NMS1) 3. Node Node Access Node LDP LSP iBGP Hierarchical LSP Traditional Service Provisioning: 1. Multiple OAM domains/Resiliency designs MPLS in the Access Service Provisioning: 1.Expanding MPLS into the Access Simplifying the Operations Access Network Access Node Pre-Agg. Node LDP LSP LDP LSP Core Network Core ABR (Inline RR) MPC Gateway Core ABR (Inline RR) Aggregation Network Core ABR Core ABR Centralised RR (Inline RR) (Inline RR) LDP LSP Agg. Node LDP LSP Access Network Access Pre-Agg. Assign service edge and backup (network engineering) 2. Provision transport between the end points (single NMS) 2. Provision service edge (NMS2) 4.

3G & LTE. Aggregation Pre-Aggregation Core Layer Layer Layer IP or Legacy support & extensible to wire line services Layer Distribution PGW SGW Aggregation node Core node node Simplified operating model with E2E OAM. wholesale &Core retail options Access Node Sample Routing Architecture Access Network Node Network Network New levels of scaleAggregation for MPLS transport andCore optimal Core ABR Access Node routing through RFC 3107 with BGP hierarchical LSPs Centralised RR Aggregation Node IGP/LDP IGP/LDP IGP/LDP L2 Simplistic architecture eliminating complexity of control & management Plane translations in traditional designs 42 .Unified MPLS Architecture Routing Architecture Overview Cell Site E2E Access MPLS Transport (Single Technology) for Ethernet. provisioning with seamless resiliency Cell site Router Enables Flexible L2 & L3 transport virtualisation to iBGP/eBGP Aggregation Node Gateway ABR EPC supportPre-Aggregation GSM. performance management.

Converge d Business nV Substantial reduction in OPEX over 6 years vs competitors. Inconsistent service outages upon device failure. Aggregation Reduced protocol complexity between edge and aggregation Access Up to 84. Residential Siloed service domains. Port scale limited to chassis. Edge Single release vehicle offering feature consistency.Alternative for L3 in the access SP Services/ Content Third-Party Services/ Content Before: nV Technology Cisco Prime IP NGN After: nV Technology Core Each device managed separately.480 GE ports managed through a single virtual system 43 . Inconsistent features between edge and aggregation. Edge and aggregation managed as one virtual system through Cisco Prime IP NGN.

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small cell Ethernet National Data Center/ Cloud/VHO Regional Data Center/VSO IP Core EPC/Edge National Data Center/ Cloud/VHO Regional Data Center/VSO Unified RAN 45 . Internet. B2B2C Multicast Multiple Paths Cell to Cell Cell to Cloud Security Multiple Access Macro radios Wi-Fi. voice. paths. access Multiple Services Third-Party Content SP Content Video.Multi-directional transport for multiple services.

ASR 9000 High capacity/small footprint nV support as alternative to enable L3 in the access 46 .) • Cisco UMMT Scalable Flexible models Standards based Tested and Documented • ASR 901.• IP/MPLS as technology (if possible. resiliency. also in the access) Simpler operations (OAM.) LTE ready Fixed services ready (IPTV. ASR 903. less operational points etc. FTTx etc.

Thank you. 47 .

34.62% Source: Synergy.35% Nokia-Siemens.66% ZTE. 5.26% Alcatel-Lucent Cisco Alcatel-Lucent.61% Nokia-Siemens Cisco.38% ECI Ericsson Huawei Juniper Juniper.98% Huawei. 4. 2. 3. 7. 13.04% Ericsson.OTHERs. 25. 2. Q2 2011 WW Mobile Internet Infrastructure Market Share Report 48 .58% Tellabs ZTE OTHERs ECI. 0.53% Tellabs.

IP+Optical M6 40G / 100G ASR 9922 Edge Agg nV ASR 9000v ASR 9000 ASR 9000 BNG ISM ASR 9001 ASR 903 Access ME Series Switches MWR2941 ME 3600X. 3800X CPT50/200/600 ASR 901 NMS ANA Cisco PRIME NGN 75 . LSR.Portfolio Innovations Driving IP NGN FY 2011 Core CRS-1/3 Optical 15xxx MSPP/MSTP FY 2012 CRS-3.

35% Nokia-Siemens. 34.OTHERs.58% Tellabs ZTE OTHERs ECI.26% Alcatel-Lucent Cisco Alcatel-Lucent. 5.04% Ericsson. 2. 0. 7.38% ECI Ericsson Huawei Juniper Juniper.53% Tellabs. 3. 25.98% Huawei.66% ZTE. Q2 2011 WW Mobile Internet Infrastructure Market Share Report 76 .62% Source: Synergy. 13. 4.61% Nokia-Siemens Cisco. 2.