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Recommended practice for basic inspection requirements

- new pipeline construction API 1169
40 CFR-112 The Code of Federal Regulations Subpart A
EPA- Oil Pollution Prevention
2014-October
My Self Study Pre-Exam Preparatory Notes
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Pipeline
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在哪?
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/dead-pigs-rivers-blood-shocking-photos-water-pollution-china-1459222
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在哪?
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/dead-pigs-rivers-blood-shocking-photos-water-pollution-china-1459222
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在哪?
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/dead-pigs-rivers-blood-shocking-photos-water-pollution-china-1459222
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在哪?
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/dead-pigs-rivers-blood-shocking-photos-water-pollution-china-1459222
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在哪?
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/dead-pigs-rivers-blood-shocking-photos-water-pollution-china-1459222
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在哪?
http://photos.caixin.com/2012-07-10/100409135_1.html
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齐声歌唱爱我中华
http://www.fosu.edu.cn/shownews.asp?newsid=1723
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Fion Zhang
2014/October
http://meilishouxihu.blog.163.com/
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THE REFERENCES BELOW WILL BE AVAILABLE TO APPLICANTS ON
THE COMPUTER SCREEN DURING THE EXAM:
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
• 29 CFR 1910, Occupational Safety and Health Standards,
Subparts H Article 119,
Subpart I (Excluding Subpart I Appendices) and
Subpart J Articles 145-147 (Excluding Appendices)
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• 29 CFR 1926, Safety and Health Regulations for Construction:
Subpart C Articles 20-29 and 32-35,
Subpart D Article 62 (Excluding Appendices),
Subpart F Article 152,
Subpart H Articles 250-251,
Subpart J Article 351-354, Subpart L Article 451,
Subpart M Article 500-501,
Subpart O 600, Subpart P,
Subpart U Article 900-902 and 914 and
Subpart CC Article 1417.
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40 CFR 112, Oil Pollution Prevention, Subpart A
• 40 CFR 122, EPA Administered Permit Programs: The National Pollutant
Discharge Elimination System: Subpart A
• 49 CFR 192, Transportation of Natural and Other Gas by Pipeline:
Minimum Federal Safety Standards: Subparts G, J & N
• 49 CFR 195, Transportation of Hazardous Liquids by Pipeline: Subpart D
and Subpart E
At works
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40 CFR
Protection of Environment
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http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title40/40tab_02.tpl
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Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR)
Regulations are codified annually in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations
(CFR). Title 40: Protection of Environment is the section of the CFR that deals
with EPA's mission of protecting human health and the environment.
http://www2.epa.gov/laws-regulations/basics-regulatory-process
At works
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Priority in the text
(a), (b).....
(1), (2)…..
(i), (ii)…..
(A), (B)…..
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40 CFR 112
Oil Pollution Prevention Subpart A
THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS ONLY THE SECTIONS
NEEDED FOR THE API 1169 ICP EXAMS
Formatted for My Self Study Exam Preparatory Notes
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Subpart A - Applicability, Definitions, and General
Requirements for All Facilities and All Types of Oils
SOURCE: 67 FR 47140, J uly 17, 2002, unless otherwise noted.
§112.1 General applicability.
(a)(1) This part establishes procedures, methods, equipment, and other
requirements to prevent the discharge of oil from non-transportation-related
onshore and offshore facilities into or upon the navigable waters of the United
States or adjoining shorelines, or into or upon the waters of the contiguous
zone, or in connection with activities under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands
Act or the Deepwater Port Act of 1974, or that may affect natural resources
belonging to, appertaining to, or under the exclusive management authority of
the United States (including resources under the Magnuson Fishery
Conservation and Management Act).
(2) As used in this part, words in the singular also include the plural and
words in the masculine gender also include the feminine and vice versa, as
the case may require.
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Discussion
Topic: Discuss on the highlighted wording.
§112.1 General applicability. ….This part establishes procedures, methods,
equipment, and other requirements to prevent the discharge of oil from non-
transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities into or upon the
navigable waters…..
Question: What is non-transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities?
Hints: Pipeline is under 49 CFR under judiciary of DOT.
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Answer:
What is a Non-transportation-related Facility? •Fixed onshore and
offshore oil well drilling facilities; •Mobile onshore and offshore oil well drilling
platforms, barges, trucks or other mobile facilities; •Fixed onshore and
offshore oil production structures, platforms, derricks and rigs; •Mobile
onshore and offshore oil production facilities; •Oil refining or storage facilities;
•Industrial, commercial, agricultural, or public facilities that use, store, drill for,
produce, gather, process, refine or consume oil or oil products; •Certain
waste treatment facilities; •Loading areas/racks, transfer hoses, loading arms
and other equipment that are appurtenant to a non-transportation related
facility; •Highway vehicles and railroad cars used to transport oil exclusively
within the confines of a non-transportation related facility; and •Pipeline
systems used to transport oil exclusively within the confines of a non-
transportation related facility.
Source: http://www.slideshare.net/UTCIS/spcc-info-utcis
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Highway vehicles and railroad cars: used to transport oil exclusively
within the confines of a non-transportation related facility
(This 18 Wheelers is not within the judiciary control of this CFR)
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Is this Super Oil Tanker is not within the judiciary control of this CFR?
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(b) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, this part applies to any
owner or operator of a non-transportation-related onshore or offshore facility
engaged in drilling, producing, gathering, storing, processing, refining,
transferring, distributing, using, or consuming oil and oil products, which due
to its location, could reasonably be expected to discharge oil in quantities that
may be harmful, as described in part 110 of this chapter, into or upon the
navigable waters of the United States or adjoining shorelines, or into or upon
the waters of the contiguous zone (毗邻区), or in connection with activities
under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act or the Deepwater Port Act of
1974, or that may affect natural resources belonging to, appertaining to, or
under the exclusive management authority of the United States (including
resources under the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act)
that has oil in:
Keywords: Owner or Operator, water
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(1)Any aboveground container;
(2)Any completely buried tank as defined in §112.2;
(3)Any container that is used for standby storage, for seasonal storage, or for
temporary storage, or not otherwise “permanently closed”as defined in
§112.2;
(4)Any “bunkered tank”or “partially buried tank”as defined in §112.2, or any
container in a vault, each of which is considered an aboveground storage
container for purposes of this part.
(c) As provided in section 313 of the Clean Water Act (CWA), departments,
agencies, and instrumentalities of the Federal government are subject to
this part to the same extent as any person.
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Any aboveground container
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Non-transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities?
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Non-transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities?
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Non-transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities?
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Non-transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities?
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Non-transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities?
Breakout Tank?
Charlie Chong/ Fion Zhang http://www.ilta.org/WhatsNew/September2006/0609ILTANewsEPAvsDOTTankage2.pdf
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Non-transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities?
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(d) Except as provided in paragraph (f) of this section, this part does not
apply to:
(1) The owner or operator of any facility, equipment, or operation that is not
subject to the jurisdiction of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
under section 311(j)(1)(C) of the CWA (Clean Water Act ), as follows:
(i) Any onshore or offshore facility, that due to its location, could not
reasonably be expected to have a discharge as described in paragraph (b)
of this section. This determination must be based solely upon
consideration of the geographical and location aspects of the facility (such
as proximity to navigable waters or adjoining shorelines, land contour,
drainage, etc.) and must exclude consideration of manmade features such
as dikes, equipment or other structures, which may serve to restrain,
hinder, contain, or otherwise prevent a discharge as described in
paragraph (b) of this section.
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(ii) Any equipment, or operation of a vessel or transportation-related onshore
or offshore facility which is subject to the authority and control of the U.S.
Department of Transportation, as defined in the Memorandum of
Understanding between the Secretary of Transportation and the
Administrator of EPA, dated November 24, 1971 (appendix A of this part).
(iii)Any equipment, or operation of a vessel or onshore or offshore facility
which is subject to the authority and control of the U.S. Department of
Transportation or the U.S. Department of the Interior, as defined in the
Memorandum of Understanding between the Secretary of Transportation,
the Secretary of the Interior, and the Administrator of EPA, dated
November 8, 1993 (appendix B of this part).
Keywords: EPA, DOT
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(2)Any facility which, although otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of EPA,
meets both of the following requirements:
(i) The completely buried storage capacity of the facility is 42,000 U.S. gallons
or less of oil. For purposes of this exemption, the completely buried
storage capacity of a facility excludes the capacity of a completely buried
tank, as defined in §112.2, and connected underground piping,
underground ancillary equipment, and containment systems, that is
currently subject to all of the technical requirements of part 280 of this
chapter or all of the technical requirements of a State program approved
under part 281 of this chapter, or the capacity of any underground oil
storage tanks deferred under 40 CFR part 280 that supply emergency
diesel generators at a nuclear power generation facility licensed by the
Nuclear Regulatory Commission and subject to any Nuclear Regulatory
Commission provision regarding design and quality criteria, including, but
not limited to, 10 CFR part 50. The completely buried storage capacity of a
facility also excludes the capacity of a container that is “permanently
closed,”as defined in §112.2 and the capacity of intra-facility gathering
lines subject to the regulatory requirements of 49 CFR part 192 or 195.
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(ii) The aggregate aboveground storage capacity of the facility is 1,320 U.S.
gallons or less of oil. For the purposes of this exemption, only containers
with a capacity of 55 U.S. gallons or greater are counted. The aggregate
aboveground storage capacity of a facility excludes:
(A) The capacity of a container that is “permanently closed”as defined in
§112.2;
(B) The capacity of a “motive power container”as defined in §112.2;
(C) The capacity of hot-mix asphalt or any hot-mix asphalt container;
(D) The capacity of a container for heating oil used solely at a single-family
residence;
(E) The capacity of pesticide application equipment and related mix
containers.
(F) The capacity of any milk and milk product container and associated piping
and appurtenances.
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(3)Any offshore oil drilling, production, or workover facility that is subject to
the notices and regulations of the Minerals Management Service, as
specified in the Memorandum of Understanding between the Secretary of
Transportation, the Secretary of the Interior, and the Administrator of EPA,
dated November 8, 1993 (appendix B of this part).
(4)Any completely buried storage tank, as defined in §112.2, and connected
underground piping, underground ancillary equipment, and containment
systems, at any facility, that is subject to all of the technical requirements
of part 280 of this chapter or a State program approved under part 281 of
this chapter, or any underground oil storage tanks including below-grade
vaulted tanks, deferred under 40 CFR part 280, as originally promulgated,
that supply emergency diesel generators at a nuclear power generation
facility licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, provided that such
a tank is subject to any Nuclear Regulatory Commission provision
regarding design and quality criteria, including, but not limited to, 10 CFR
part 50. Such emergency generator tanks must be marked on the facility
diagram as provided in §112.7(a)(3), if the facility is otherwise subject to
this part.
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(5) Any container with a storage capacity of less than 55 gallons of oil.
(6) Any facility or part thereof used exclusively for wastewater treatment
and not used to satisfy any requirement of this part. The production,
recovery, or recycling of oil is not wastewater treatment for purposes of
this paragraph.
(7) Any “motive power container,”as defined in §112.2. The transfer of fuel
or other oil into a motive power container at an otherwise regulated
facility is not eligible for this exemption.
(8) Hot-mix asphalt, or any hot-mix asphalt container.
(9) Any container for heating oil used solely at a single-family residence.
(10) Any pesticide application equipment or related mix containers.
(11) Intra-facility gathering lines subject to the regulatory requirements of 49
CFR part 192 or 195, except that such a line's location must be
identified and marked as “exempt”on the facility diagram as provided
in §112.7(a)(3), if the facility is otherwise subject to this part.
(12) Any milk and milk product container and associated piping and
appurtenances.
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(e)This part establishes requirements for the preparation and implementation
of Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans. SPCC
Plans are designed to complement existing laws, regulations, rules,
standards, policies, and procedures pertaining to safety standards, fire
prevention, and pollution prevention rules. The purpose of an SPCC Plan
is to form a comprehensive Federal/State spill prevention program that
minimizes the potential for discharges. The SPCC Plan must address all
relevant spill prevention, control, and countermeasures necessary at the
specific facility. Compliance with this part does not in any way relieve the
owner or operator of an onshore or an offshore facility from compliance
with other Federal, State, or local laws.
Keywords: Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans
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(f) Notwithstanding paragraph (d) of this section (尽管虽然;还是;仍然), the
Regional Administrator may require that the owner or operator of any
facility subject to the jurisdiction of EPA under section 311(j) of the CWA
prepare and implement an SPCC Plan, or any applicable part, to carry out
the purposes of the CWA.
(1)Following a preliminary determination, the Regional Administrator must
provide a written notice to the owner or operator stating the reasons why
he must prepare an SPCC Plan, or applicable part. The Regional
Administrator must send such notice to the owner or operator by certified
mail or by personal delivery. If the owner or operator is a corporation, the
Regional Administrator must also mail a copy of such notice to the
registered agent, if any and if known, of the corporation in the State where
the facility is located.
(2)Within 30 days of receipt of such written notice, the owner or operator may
provide information and data and may consult with the Agency about the
need to prepare an SPCC Plan, or applicable part.
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(3)Within 30 days following the time under paragraph (b)(2) of this section
within which the owner or operator may provide information and data and
consult with the Agency about the need to prepare an SPCC Plan, or
applicable part, the Regional Administrator must make a final
determination regarding whether the owner or operator is required to
prepare and implement an SPCC Plan, or applicable part. The Regional
Administrator must send the final determination to the owner or operator
by certified mail or by personal delivery. If the owner or operator is a
corporation, the Regional Administrator must also mail a copy of the final
determination to the registered agent, if any and if known, of the
corporation in the State where the facility is located.
(4)If the Regional Administrator makes a final determination that an SPCC
Plan, or applicable part, is necessary, the owner or operator must prepare
the Plan, or applicable part, within six months of that final determination
and implement the Plan, or applicable part, as soon as possible, but not
later than one year after the Regional Administrator has made a final
determination.
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(5)The owner or operator may appeal a final determination made by the
Regional Administrator requiring preparation and implementation of an
SPCC Plan, or applicable part, under this paragraph. The owner or
operator must make the appeal to the Administrator of EPA within 30 days
of receipt of the final determination under paragraph (b)(3) of this section
from the Regional Administrator requiring preparation and/or
implementation of an SPCC Plan, or applicable part. The owner or
operator must send a complete copy of the appeal to the Regional
Administrator at the time he makes the appeal to the Administrator. The
appeal must contain a clear and concise statement of the issues and
points of fact in the case. In the appeal, the owner or operator may also
provide additional information. The additional information may be from any
person. The Administrator may request additional information from the
owner or operator. The Administrator must render a decision within 60
days of receiving the appeal or additional information submitted by the
owner or operator and must serve the owner or operator with the decision
made in the appeal in the manner described in paragraph (f)(1) of this
section.
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[67 FR 47140, J uly 17, 2002, as amended at 71 FR 77290, Dec. 26, 2006; 73
FR 74300, Dec. 5, 2008; 74 FR 58809, Nov. 13, 2009; 76 FR 21660, Apr. 18,
2011]
More Reading:
http://www.slideshare.net/UTCIS/spcc-info-utcis
http://www.slideshare.net/harvard_uos/spcc-training-presentation
http://www.slideshare.net/complianceandsafety/oil-spill-prevention-control-
countermeasure-by-morehead-state-university
https://blackboard.hvcc.edu/ehs/environmental/spill.pdf
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Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans
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Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans
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Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans
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Discussion
Topic: Comment on the photo w.r.t the applicability of this CFR
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Summary Q&A:
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§112.2 Definitions.
For the purposes of this part:
Adverse weather means weather conditions that make it difficult for
response equipment and personnel to clean up or remove spilled oil, and that
must be considered when identifying response systems and equipment in a
response plan for the applicable operating environment. Factors to consider
include significant wave height as specified in appendix E to this part (as
appropriate), ice conditions, temperatures, weather-related visibility, and
currents within the area in which the systems or equipment is intended to
function.
Alteration means any work on a container involving cutting, burning, welding,
or heating operations that changes the physical dimensions or configuration
of the container.
Animal fat means a non-petroleum oil, fat, or grease of animal, fish, or
marine mammal origin.
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Adverse weather
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Adverse weather
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Animal fat
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Animal fat
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Animal fat
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Animal fat
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Animal fat
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Animal fat
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Animal fat
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Animal fat
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Plant fat was not addressed in this CFR
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Plant fat was not addressed in this CFR
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Breakout tank means a container used to relieve surges in an oil pipeline
system or to receive and store oil transported by a pipeline for reinjection and
continued transportation by pipeline.
Bulk storage container means any container used to store oil. These
containers are used for purposes including, but not limited to, the storage of
oil prior to use, while being used, or prior to further distribution in commerce.
Oil-filled electrical, operating, or manufacturing equipment is not a bulk
storage container.
Bunkered tank
means a container constructed or placed in the ground by cutting the earth
and re-covering the container in a manner that breaks the surrounding natural
grade, or that lies above grade, and is covered with earth, sand, gravel,
asphalt, or other material. A bunkered tank is considered an aboveground
storage container for purposes of this part.
Bunkered tank
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Completely buried tank means any container completely below grade and
covered with earth, sand, gravel, asphalt, or other material. Containers in
vaults, bunkered tanks, or partially buried tanks are considered aboveground
storage containers for purposes of this part.
Complex means a facility possessing a combination of transportation-related
and non-transportation-related components that is subject to the jurisdiction of
more than one Federal agency under section 311(j) of the CWA (Clean
Water Act) .
Contiguous zone means the zone established by the United States under
Article 24 of the Convention of the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone, that
is contiguous to the territorial sea and that extends nine miles seaward from
the outer limit of the territorial area.
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Contract or other approved means, means:
(1)A written contractual agreement with an oil spill removal organization that
identifies and ensures the availability of the necessary personnel and
equipment within appropriate response times; and/or
(2)A written certification by the owner or operator that the necessary
personnel and equipment resources, owned or operated by the facility
owner or operator, are available to respond to a discharge within
appropriate response times; and/or
(3)Active membership in a local or regional oil spill removal organization that
has identified and ensures adequate access through such membership to
necessary personnel and equipment to respond to a discharge within
appropriate response times in the specified geographic area; and/or
(4)Any other specific arrangement approved by the Regional Administrator
upon request of the owner or operator.
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Discharge includes, but is not limited to, any spilling, leaking, pumping,
pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping of oil, but excludes discharges in
compliance with a permit under section 402 of the CWA; discharges resulting
from circumstances identified, reviewed, and made a part of the public record
with respect to a permit issued or modified under section 402 of the CWA,
and subject to a condition in such permit; or continuous or anticipated
intermittent discharges from a point source, identified in a permit or permit
application under section 402 of the CWA, that are caused by events
occurring within the scope of relevant operating or treatment systems. For
purposes of this part, the term discharge shall not include any discharge of oil
that is authorized by a permit issued under section 13 of the River and Harbor
Act of 1899 (33 U.S.C. 407).
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Discharge
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Discharge
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Facility means any mobile or fixed, onshore or offshore building, property,
parcel, lease, structure, installation, equipment, pipe, or pipeline (other than
a vessel or a public vessel) used in oil well drilling operations, oil production,
oil refining, oil storage, oil gathering, oil processing, oil transfer, oil distribution,
and oil waste treatment, or in which oil is used, as described in appendix A to
this part. The boundaries of a facility depend on several site-specific factors,
including but not limited to, the ownership or operation of buildings, structures,
and equipment on the same site and types of activity at the site. Contiguous
or non-contiguous buildings, properties, parcels, leases, structures,
installations, pipes, or pipelines under the ownership or operation of the same
person may be considered separate facilities. Only this definition governs
whether a facility is subject to this part.
Farm means a facility on a tract of land devoted to the production of crops or
raising of animals, including fish, which produced and sold, or normally would
have produced and sold, $1,000 or more of agricultural products during a
year.
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Facility
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Facility- (other than a vessel or a public vessel)
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Facility- means any mobile or fixed, onshore or offshore building, property,
parcel, lease, structure, installation, equipment, pipe, or pipeline (other than
a vessel or a public vessel) used in oil well drilling operations, …….
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Facility- means any mobile or fixed, onshore or offshore building, property,
parcel, lease, structure, installation, equipment, pipe, or pipeline (other than a
vessel or a public vessel) used in oil well drilling operations, …….
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Fish and wildlife and sensitive environments means areas that may be
identified by their legal designation or by evaluations of Area Committees (for
planning) or members of the Federal On-Scene Coordinator's spill response
structure (during responses). These areas may include wetlands, National
and State parks, critical habitats for endangered or threatened species,
wilderness and natural resource areas, marine sanctuaries and estuarine
reserves, conservation areas, preserves, wildlife areas, wildlife refuges, wild
and scenic rivers, recreational areas, national forests, Federal and State
lands that are research national areas, heritage program areas, land trust
areas, and historical and archaeological sites and parks. These areas may
also include unique habitats such as aquaculture sites and agricultural
surface water intakes, bird nesting areas, critical biological resource areas,
designated migratory routes, and designated seasonal habitats.
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National and State parks- 西湖
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Critical habitats for endangered or threatened species
- 中华白海豚
http://ep.chinaluxus.com/Efs/20111113/81049.html
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Injury means a measurable adverse change, either long- or short-term, in the
chemical or physical quality or the viability of a natural resource (not only
Human) resulting either directly or indirectly from exposure to a discharge, or
exposure to a product of reactions resulting from a discharge.
Loading/unloading rack means a fixed structure (such as a platform,
gangway) necessary for loading or unloading a tank truck or tank car, which is
located at a facility subject to the requirements of this part. A
loading/unloading rack includes a loading or unloading arm, and may include
any combination of the following: piping assemblages, valves, pumps, shut-
off devices, overfill sensors, or personnel safety devices.
Maximum extent practicable means within the limitations used to determine
oil spill planning resources and response times for on-water recovery,
shoreline protection, and cleanup for worst case discharges fromonshore
non-transportation-related facilities in adverse weather. It includes the
planned capability to respond to a worst case discharge in adverse
weather, as contained in a response plan that meets the requirements in
§112.20 or in a specific plan approved by the Regional Administrator.
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Loading/unloading rack
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Loading/unloading rack
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Loading/unloading rack
Injury
Injury
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Mobile refueler means a bulk storage container onboard a vehicle or towed,
that is designed or used solely to store and transport fuel for transfer into or
from an aircraft, motor vehicle, locomotive, vessel, ground service equipment,
or other oil storage container.
Motive power container means any onboard bulk storage container used
primarily to power the movement of a motor vehicle, or ancillary onboard oil-
filled operational equipment. An onboard bulk storage container which is used
to store or transfer oil for further distribution is not a motive power container.
The definition of motive power container does not include oil drilling or
workover equipment, including rigs.
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Mobile refueler
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Mobile refueler
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Motive power container
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Motive power container
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Motive power container
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Navigable waters of the United States means “navigable waters”as defined
in section 502(7) of the FWPCA, and includes:
(1)All navigable waters of the United States, as defined in judicial decisions
prior to passage of the 1972 Amendments to the FWPCA (Pub. L. 92-500),
and tributaries of such waters;
(2)Interstate waters;
(3)Intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams which are utilized by interstate
travelers for recreational or other purposes; and
(4)Intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams from which fish or shellfish are taken
and sold in interstate commerce.
Non-petroleum oil means oil of any kind that is not petroleum-based,
including but not limited to: Fats, oils, and greases of animal, fish, or
marine mammal origin; and vegetable oils, including oils from seeds, nuts,
fruits, and kernels.
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Non-petroleum oil
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Non-petroleum oil
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Non-petroleum oil
http://www.nipic.com/show/1/74/ca4dc4789fdf1738.html
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Non-petroleum oil
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Offshore facility means any facility of any kind (other than a vessel or public
vessel) located in, on, or under any of the navigable waters of the United
States, and any facility of any kind that is subject to the jurisdiction of the
United States and is located in, on, or under any other waters.
Oil means oil of any kind or in any form, including, but not limited to: fats, oils,
or greases of animal, fish, or marine mammal origin; vegetable oils, including
oils from seeds, nuts, fruits, or kernels; and, other oils and greases, including
petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, synthetic oils, mineral oils, oil refuse, or oil mixed
with wastes other than dredged spoil.
Keywords:
Other than dredged spoil (?) 地沟油?
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Oil mixed with wastes or Dredged spoils?
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Oil mixed with wastes or Dredged spoils?
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Oil mixed with wastes or Dredged spoils?
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Oil mixed with wastes or Dredged spoils?
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Oil mixed with wastes or Dredged spoils?
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Oil-filled operational equipment means equipment that includes an oil
storage container (or multiple containers) in which the oil is present solely to
support the function of the apparatus or the device. Oil-filled operational
equipment is not considered a bulk storage container, and does not include
oil-filled manufacturing equipment (flow-through process). Examples of oil-
filled operational equipment include, but are not limited to, hydraulic systems,
lubricating systems (e.g., those for pumps, compressors and other rotating
equipment, including pumpjack lubrication systems), gear boxes, machining
coolant systems, heat transfer systems, transformers, circuit breakers,
electrical switches, and other systems containing oil solely to enable the
operation of the device.
Oil Spill Removal Organization means an entity that provides oil spill
response resources, and includes any for-profit or not-for-profit contractor,
cooperative, or in-house response resources that have been established in a
geographic area to provide required response resources.
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Onshore facility means any facility of any kind located in, on, or under any
land within the United States, other than submerged lands.
Owner or operator means any person owning or operating an onshore
facility or an offshore facility, and in the case of any abandoned offshore
facility, the person who owned or operated or maintained the facility
immediately prior to such abandonment.
Partially buried tank means a storage container that is partially inserted or
constructed in the ground, but not entirely below grade, and not completely
covered with earth, sand, gravel, asphalt, or other material. A partially
buried tank is considered an aboveground storage container for
purposes of this part.
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Owner or operator - the person who owned or operated or maintained the
facility immediately prior to such abandonment.
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Permanently closed means any container or facility for which:
(1)All liquid and sludge has been removed from each container and
connecting line; and
(2)All connecting lines and piping have been disconnected from the container
and blanked off, all valves (except for ventilation valves) have been closed
and locked, and conspicuous signs have been posted on each container
stating that it is a permanently closed container and noting the date of
closure.
Keywords:
All liquid and sludge has been removed
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Person includes an individual, firm, corporation, association, or partnership.
Petroleum oil means petroleum in any form, including but not limited to crude
oil, fuel oil, mineral oil, sludge, oil refuse, and refined products.
Produced water container means a storage container at an oil production
facility used to store the produced water after initial oil/water separation, and
prior to reinjection, beneficial reuse, discharge, or transfer for disposal.
Production facility means all structures (including but not limited to wells,
platforms, or storage facilities), piping (including but not limited to flowlines or
intra-facility gathering lines), or equipment (including but not limited to
workover equipment, separation equipment, or auxiliary non-transportation-
related equipment) used in the production, extraction, recovery, lifting,
stabilization, separation or treating of oil (including condensate), or
associated storage or measurement, and is located in an oil or gas field, at a
facility. This definition governs whether such structures, piping, or equipment
are subject to a specific section of this part.
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Production facility
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Production facility
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Production facility
http://www.hortonwison.com/company/
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Production facility
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Production facility
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Production facility
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Production facility
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Produced water container
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Produced water container
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Produced water container
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Regional Administrator means the Regional Administrator of the
Environmental Protection Agency, in and for the Region in which the facility is
located.
Repair means any work necessary to maintain or restore a container to a
condition suitable for safe operation, other than that necessary for ordinary,
day-to-day maintenance to maintain the functional integrity of the container
and that does not weaken the container.
Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Plan; SPCC Plan, or Plan
means the document required by §112.3 that details the equipment,
workforce, procedures, and steps to prevent, control, and provide adequate
countermeasures to a discharge.
Storage capacity of a container means the shell capacity of the container.
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Transportation-related and non-transportation-related, as applied to an
onshore or offshore facility, are defined in the Memorandum of Understanding
between the Secretary of Transportation and the Administrator of the
Environmental Protection Agency, dated November 24, 1971, (appendix A of
this part).
United States means the States, the District of Columbia, the
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana
Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Pacific
Island Governments.
Vegetable oil means a non-petroleum oil or fat of vegetable origin, including
but not limited to oils and fats derived from plant seeds, nuts, fruits, and
kernels.
Vessel means every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance
used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water, other
than a public vessel.
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United States
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Wetlands means those areas that are inundated (淹没) or saturated by
surface or groundwater at a frequency or duration sufficient to support, and
that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation
typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands generally
include playa lakes, swamps, marshes, bogs, and similar areas such as
sloughs, prairie potholes, wet meadows, prairie river overflows, mudflats, and
natural ponds.
Worst case discharge for an onshore non-transportation-related facility
means the largest foreseeable discharge in adverse weather conditions as
determined using the worksheets in appendix D to this part.
[67 FR 47140, J uly 17, 2002, as amended at 71 FR 77290, Dec. 26, 2006; 73
FR 71943, Nov. 26, 2008; 73 FR 74300, Dec. 5, 2008]
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Wetlands
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Discussion
Topic: Discuss on the highlighted wording.
§112.1 General applicability. ….This part establishes procedures, methods,
equipment, and other requirements to prevent the discharge of oil from non-
transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities into or upon the
navigable waters…..
Question: What is non-transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities?
Hints: Pipeline is under 49 CFR under judiciary of DOT.
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Summary Q&A:
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§112.3 Requirement to prepare and implement a Spill Prevention,
Control, and Countermeasure Plan.
The owner or operator or an onshore or offshore facility subject to this section
must prepare in writing and implement a Spill Prevention Control and
Countermeasure Plan (hereafter “SPCC Plan”or “Plan”),”in accordance with
§112.7 and any other applicable section of this part.
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(a)(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, if your facility, or mobile or
portable facility, was in operation on or before August 16, 2002, you must
maintain your Plan, but must amend it, if necessary to ensure compliance
with this part, and implement the amended Plan no later than November 10,
2011. If such a facility becomes operational after August 16, 2002, through
November 10, 2011, and could reasonably be expected to have a discharge
as described in §112.1(b), you must prepare and implement a Plan on or
before November 10, 2011. If such a facility (excluding oil production facilities)
becomes operational after November 10, 2011, and could reasonably be
expected to have a discharge as described in §112.1(b), you must prepare
and implement a Plan before you begin operations. You are not required to
prepare a new Plan each time you move a mobile or portable facility to a new
site; the Plan may be general. When you move the mobile or portable facility,
you must locate and install it using the discharge prevention practices
outlined in the Plan for the facility. The Plan is applicable only while the
mobile or portable facility is in a fixed (non-transportation) operating
mode.
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Mobile or portable facility
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Mobile or portable
facility
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Discussion
Topic: Mobile or portable facilities
Question: What are the other mobile or portable facilities?
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(2) If your drilling, production or workover facility, including a mobile or
portable facility, is offshore or has an offshore component; or your onshore
facility is required to have and submit a Facility Response Plan pursuant to 40
CFR 112.20(a), and was in operation on or before August 16, 2002, you must
maintain your Plan, but must amend it, if necessary to ensure compliance
with this part, and implement the amended Plan no later than November 10,
2010. If such a facility becomes operational after August 16, 2002, through
November 10, 2010, and could reasonably be expected to have a discharge
as described in §112.1(b), you must prepare and implement a Plan on or
before November 10, 2010. If such a facility (excluding oil production facilities)
becomes operational after November 10, 2010, and could reasonably be
expected to have a discharge as described in §112.1(b), you must prepare
and implement a Plan before you begin operations. You are not required to
prepare a new Plan each time you move a mobile or portable facility to a new
site; the Plan may be general. When you move the mobile or portable facility,
you must locate and install it using the discharge prevention practices
outlined in the Plan for the facility. The Plan is applicable only while the
mobile or portable facility is in a fixed (non-transportation) operating mode.
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(3) If your farm, as defined in §112.2, was in operation on or before August
16, 2002, you must maintain your Plan, but must amend it, if necessary to
ensure compliance with this part, and implement the amended Plan on or
before May 10, 2013. If your farm becomes operational after August 16, 2002,
through May 10, 2013, and could reasonably be expected to have a
discharge as described in §112.1(b), you must prepare and implement a
Plan on or before May 10, 2013. If your farm becomes operational after May
10, 2013, and could reasonably be expected to have a discharge as
described in §112.1(b), you must prepare and implement a Plan before you
begin operations.
(b) If your oil production facility as described in paragraph (a)(1) of this
section becomes operational after November 10, 2011, or as described in
paragraph (a)(2) of this section becomes operational after November 10,
2010, and could reasonably be expected to have a discharge as described in
§112.1(b), you must prepare and implement a Plan within six months after
you begin operations.
(c) [Reserved]
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(d) Except as provided in §112.6, a licensed Professional Engineer
must review and certify a Plan for it to be effective to satisfy the
requirements of this part.
(1) By means of this certification the Professional Engineer attests:
(i) That he is familiar with the requirements of this part ;
(ii) That he or his agent has visited and examined the facility;
(iii) That the Plan has been prepared in accordance with good engineering
practice, including consideration of applicable industry standards, and
with the requirements of this part;
(iv) That procedures for required inspections and testing have been
established; and
(v) That the Plan is adequate for the facility.
(vi) That, if applicable, for a produced water container subject to
§112.9(c)(6), any procedure to minimize the amount of free-phase oil
is designed to reduce the accumulation of free-phase oil and the
procedures and frequency for required inspections, maintenance and
testing have been established and are described in the Plan.
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SPCC Plan must be certify by: PE in US
& Licensed Engineers elsewhere (?)
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Chartered Environmentalists
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chartered_Environmentalist
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(2) Such certification shall in no way relieve the owner or operator of a facility
of his duty to prepare and fully implement such Plan in accordance with
the requirements of this part.
(e) If you are the owner or operator of a facility for which a Plan is required
under this section, you must:
(1)Maintain a complete copy of the Plan at the facility if the facility is normally
attended at least four hours per day, or at the nearest field office if the
facility is not so attended, and
(2)Have the Plan available to the Regional Administrator for on-site review
during normal working hours.
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(f) Extension of time.
(1) The Regional Administrator may authorize an extension of time for the
preparation and full implementation of a Plan, or any amendment thereto,
beyond the time permitted for the preparation, implementation, or amendment
of a Plan under this part, when he finds that the owner or operator of a facility
subject to this section, cannot fully comply with the requirements as a result of
either non availability of qualified personnel, or delays in construction or
equipment delivery beyond the control and without the fault of such owner or
operator or his agents or employees.
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(2) If you are an owner or operator seeking an extension of time under
paragraph (f)(1) of this section, you may submit a written extension
request to the Regional Administrator. Your request must include:
(i) A full explanation of the cause for any such delay and the specific aspects
of the Plan affected by the delay;
(ii) A full discussion of actions being taken or contemplated to minimize or
mitigate such delay; and
(iii)A proposed time schedule for the implementation of any corrective actions
being taken or contemplated, including interim dates for completion of
tests or studies, installation and operation of any necessary equipment, or
other preventive measures. In addition you may present additional oral or
written statements in support of your extension request.
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(g) Qualified Facilities. The owner or operator of a qualified facility as defined
in this subparagraph may self-certify his facility's Plan, as provided in
§112.6. A qualified facility is one that meets the following Tier (等级) I or
Tier II qualified facility criteria:
(1)A Tier I qualified facility meets the qualification criteria in paragraph (g)(2)
of this section and has no individual aboveground oil storage container
with a capacity greater than 5,000 U.S. gallons.
(2)A Tier II qualified facility is one that has had no single discharge as
described in §112.1(b) exceeding 1,000 U.S. gallons or no two
discharges as described in §112.1(b) each exceeding 42 U.S. gallons
within any twelve month period in the three years prior to the SPCC Plan
self-certification date, or since becoming subject to this part if the facility
has been in operation for less than three years (other than discharges as
described in §112.1(b) that are the result of natural disasters, acts of war,
or terrorism), and has an aggregate aboveground oil storage capacity of
10,000 U.S. gallons or less.
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[67 FR 47140, J uly 17, 2002, as amended at 68 FR 1351, J an. 9, 2003; 68
FR 18894, Apr. 17, 2003; 69 FR 48798, Aug. 11, 2004; 71 FR 8466, Feb. 17,
2006; 71 FR 77290, Dec. 26, 2006; 72 FR 27447, May 16, 2007; 73 FR
74301, Dec. 5, 2008, 74 FR 29141, J une 19, 2009; 74 FR 58809, Nov. 13,
2009; 75 FR 63102, Oct. 14, 2010; 76 FR 21660, Apr. 18, 2011; 76 FR 64248,
Oct. 18, 2011; 76 FR 72124, Nov. 22, 2011]
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Summary Q&A:
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§112.4 Amendment of Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure
Plan by Regional Administrator.
If you are the owner or operator of a facility subject to this part, you must:
(a) Notwithstanding (尽管虽然;还是;仍然) compliance with §112.3,
whenever your facility has discharged more than 1,000 U.S. gallons of oil
in a single discharge as described in §112.1(b), or discharged more
than 42 U.S. gallons of oil in each of two discharges as described in
§112.1(b), occurring within any twelve month period, submit the
following information to the Regional Administrator within 60 days from
the time the facility becomes subject to this section:
(1) Name of the facility;
(2) Your name;
(3) Location of the facility;
(4) Maximum storage or handling capacity of the facility and normal daily
throughput;
(5) Corrective action and countermeasures you have taken, including a
description of equipment repairs and replacements;
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(6) An adequate description of the facility, including maps, flow diagrams,
and topographical maps, as necessary;
(7) The cause of such discharge as described in §112.1(b), including a
failure analysis of the system or subsystem in which the failure occurred;
(8) Additional preventive measures you have taken or contemplated to
minimize the possibility of recurrence; and
(9) Such other information as the Regional Administrator may reasonably
require pertinent to the Plan or discharge.
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(b) Take no action under this section until it applies to your facility. This
section does not apply until the expiration of the time permitted for the initial
preparation and implementation of the Plan under §112.3, but not including
any amendments to the Plan.
(c) Send to the appropriate agency or agencies in charge of oil pollution
control activities in the State in which the facility is located a complete copy of
all information you provided to the Regional Administrator under paragraph (a)
of this section. Upon receipt of the information such State agency or agencies
may conduct a review and make recommendations to the Regional
Administrator as to further procedures, methods, equipment, and other
requirements necessary to prevent and to contain discharges fromyour
facility.
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(d) Amend your Plan, if after review by the Regional Administrator of the
information you submit under paragraph (a) of this section, or submission of
information to EPA by the State agency under paragraph (c) of this section, or
after on-site review of your Plan, the Regional Administrator requires that you
do so. The Regional Administrator may require you to amend your Plan if he
finds that it does not meet the requirements of this part or that amendment is
necessary to prevent and contain discharges from your facility.
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(e) Act in accordance with this paragraph when the Regional Administrator
proposes by certified mail or by personal delivery that you amend your SPCC
Plan. If the owner or operator is a corporation, he must also notify by mail the
registered agent of such corporation, if any and if known, in the State in which
the facility is located. The Regional Administrator must specify the terms of
such proposed amendment. Within 30 days from receipt of such notice, you
may submit written information, views, and arguments on the proposed
amendment. After considering all relevant material presented, the Regional
Administrator must either notify you of any amendment required or rescind (解
除) the notice. You must amend your Plan as required within 30 days after
such notice, unless the Regional Administrator, for good cause, specifies
another effective date. You must implement the amended Plan as soon as
possible, but not later than six months after you amend your Plan, unless the
Regional Administrator specifies another date.
Keywords:
The plan →recommendation by Regional Administrator if any →amended
plan within 30 days →implemented the amended plan ASAP or within 6
months
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(f) If you appeal a decision made by the Regional Administrator requiring an
amendment to an SPCC Plan, send the appeal to the EPA Administrator in
writing within 30 days of receipt of the notice from the Regional Administrator
requiring the amendment under paragraph (e) of this section. You must send
a complete copy of the appeal to the Regional Administrator at the time you
make the appeal. The appeal must contain a clear and concise statement of
the issues and points of fact in the case. It may also contain additional
information from you, or from any other person. The EPA Administrator may
request additional information from you, or from any other person. The EPA
Administrator must render a decision within 60 days of receiving the appeal
and must notify you of his decision.
Keywords:
The plan →Recommendation by Regional Administrator if any Amended
plan within 30 days →Implemented the amended plan ASAP or within 6
months
Appeal within 30 days →EPA Administrator render a decision within 60 days
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Summary Q&A:
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§112.5 Amendment of Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure
Plan by owners or operators.
If you are the owner or operator of a facility subject to this part, you must:
(a) Amend the SPCC Plan for your facility in accordance with the general
requirements in §112.7, and with any specific section of this part
applicable to your facility, when there is a change in the facility design,
construction, operation, or maintenance that materially affects its
potential for a discharge as described in §112.1(b). Examples of
changes that may require amendment of the Plan include, but are not
limited to: commissioning or decommissioning containers; replacement,
reconstruction, or movement of containers; reconstruction, replacement, or
installation of piping systems; construction or demolition that might alter
secondary containment structures; changes of product or service; or
revision of standard operation or maintenance procedures at a facility. An
amendment made under this section must be prepared within six months,
and implemented as soon as possible, but not later than six months
following preparation of the amendment.
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Discussion
Topic: §112.5 Amendment of Spill Prevention, Control, and
Countermeasure Plan by owners or operators.
If you are the owner or operator of a facility subject to this part, you must:
Amend the SPCC Plan for your facility in accordance with the general
requirements in §112.7, and with any specific section of this part
applicable to your facility, when there is a change in the facility design,
construction, operation, or maintenance that materially affects its potential
for a discharge as described in §112.1(b).
Question: If during annual survey of an offshore facilities, the MOC indicated
a major MOC involving design changes which affect the discharge, should the
SPCC plan be updated?
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Amend the SPCC Plan: for your facility when there is a change in the facility
design, construction, operation, or maintenance that materially affects its
potential for a discharge
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Amend the SPCC Plan: for your facility when there is a change in the facility
design, construction, operation, or maintenance that materially affects its
potential for a discharge
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Amend the SPCC Plan: for your facility when there is a change in the facility
design, construction, operation, or maintenance that materially affects its
potential for a discharge
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Amend the SPCC Plan: for your facility when there is a change in the facility
design, construction, operation, or maintenance that materially affects its
potential for a discharge
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(b) Notwithstanding compliance with paragraph (a) of this section, complete a
review and evaluation of the SPCC Plan at least once every five years from
the date your facility becomes subject to this part; or, if your facility was in
operation on or before August 16, 2002, five years from the date your last
review was required under this part. As a result of this review and evaluation,
you must amend your SPCC Plan within six months of the review to include
more effective prevention and control technology if the technology has been
field-proven at the time of the review and will significantly reduce the
likelihood of a discharge as described in §112.1(b) from the facility. You
must implement any amendment as soon as possible, but not later than six
months following preparation of any amendment. You must document your
completion of the review and evaluation, and must sign a statement as to
whether you will amend the Plan, either at the beginning or end of the Plan or
in a log or an appendix to the Plan. The following words will suffice, “I have
completed review and evaluation of the SPCC Plan for (name of facility) on
(date), and will (will not) amend the Plan as a result.”
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Keywords: Reviewed SPCC Plan at least once every five years
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(c) Except as provided in §112.6, have a Professional Engineer certify any
technical amendments to your Plan in accordance with §112.3(d).
[67 FR 47140, J uly 17, 2002, as amended at 71 FR 77291, Dec. 26, 2006; 73
FR 74301, Dec. 5, 2008; 74 FR 58809, Nov. 13, 2009]
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Summary Q&A:
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§112.6 Qualified Facilities Plan Requirements.
Qualified facilities meeting the Tier I applicability criteria in §112.3(g)(1) are
subject to the requirements in paragraph (a) of this section. Qualified facilities
meeting the Tier II applicability criteria in §112.3(g)(2) are subject to the
requirements in paragraph (b) of this section.
(a) Tier I Qualified Facilities—(1) Preparation and Self-Certification of the Plan.
If you are an owner or operator of a facility that meets the Tier I qualified
facility criteria in §112.3(g)(1), you must either: comply with the
requirements of paragraph (a)(3) of this section; or prepare and implement
a Plan meeting requirements of paragraph (b) of this section; or prepare
and implement a Plan meeting the general Plan requirements in §112.7
and applicable requirements in subparts B and C, including having the
Plan certified by a Professional Engineer as required under §112.3(d).
If you do not follow the appendix G template, you must prepare an
equivalent Plan that meets all of the applicable requirements listed in this
part, and you must supplement it with a section cross-referencing the
location of requirements listed in this part and the equivalent requirements
in the other prevention plan. To complete the template in appendix G, you
must certify that:
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(i) You are familiar with the applicable requirements of 40 CFR part 112;
(ii) You have visited and examined the facility;
(iii) You prepared the Plan in accordance with accepted and sound industry
practices and standards;
(iv) You have established procedures for required inspections and testing in
accordance with industry inspection and testing standards or
recommended practices;
(v) You will fully implement the Plan;
(vi) The facility meets the qualification criteria in §112.3(g)(1);
(vii) The Plan does not deviate from any requirement of this part as allowed
by §112.7(a)(2) and 112.7(d) or include measures pursuant to
§112.9(c)(6) for produced water containers and any associated piping;
and
(viii) The Plan and individual(s) responsible for implementing this Plan have
the approval of management, and the facility owner or operator has
committed the necessary resources to fully implement this Plan.
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Management supports
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Discussion
Topic: The Plan and individual(s) responsible for implementing this Plan
have the approval of management, and the facility owner or operator has
committed the necessary resources to fully implement this Plan.
Discussion: Discuss on the important of management supports and how
these commitments could be documented
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(2) Technical Amendments. You must certify any technical amendments to
your Plan in accordance with paragraph (a)(1) of this section when there is
a change in the facility design, construction, operation, or maintenance
that affects its potential for a discharge as described in §112.1(b). If the
facility change results in the facility no longer meeting the Tier I qualifying
criteria in §112.3(g)(1) because an individual oil storage container
capacity exceeds 5,000 U.S. gallons or the facility capacity exceeds
10,000 U.S. gallons in aggregate aboveground storage capacity, within six
months following preparation of the amendment, you must either:
(i) Prepare and implement a Plan in accordance with §112.6(b) if you meet
the Tier II qualified facility criteria in §112.3(g)(2); or
(ii) Prepare and implement a Plan in accordance with the general Plan
requirements in §112.7, and applicable requirements in subparts B and C,
including having the Plan certified by a Professional Engineer as required
under §112.3(d).
Keywords:
Technical Amendments affecting discharge
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(3) Plan Template and Applicable Requirements. Prepare and implement an
SPCC Plan that meets the following requirements under §112.7 and in
subparts B and C of this part: introductory paragraph of §§112.7,
112.7(a)(3)(i), 112.7(a)(3)(iv), 112.7(a)(3)(vi), 112.7(a)(4), 112.7(a)(5),
112.7(c), 112.7(e), 112.7(f), 112.7(g), 112.7(k), 112.8(b)(1), 112.8(b)(2),
112.8(c)(1), 112.8(c)(3), 112.8(c)(4), 112.8(c)(5), 112.8(c)(6), 112.8(c)(10),
112.8(d)(4), 112.9(b), 112.9(c)(1), 112.9(c)(2), 112.9(c)(3), 112.9(c)(4),
112.9(c)(5), 112.9(d)(1), 112.9(d)(3), 112.9(d)(4), 112.10(b), 112.10(c),
112.10(d), 112.12(b)(1), 112.12(b)(2), 112.12(c)(1), 112.12(c)(3), 112.12(c)(4),
112.12(c)(5), 112.12(c)(6), 112.12(c)(10), and 112.12(d)(4). The template in
appendix G to this part has been developed to meet the requirements of 40
CFR part 112 and, when completed and signed by the owner or operator,
may be used as the SPCC Plan. Additionally, you must meet the following
requirements:
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111111
The template in appendix G to this part has
been developed to meet the requirements
of 40 CFR part 112 and, when completed
and signed by the owner or operator, may
be used as the SPCC Plan.
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G for Girls
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(i) Failure analysis, in lieu of the requirements in §112.7(b). Where
experience indicates a reasonable potential for equipment failure (such as
loading or unloading equipment, tank overflow, rupture, or leakage, or any
other equipment known to be a source of discharge), include in your Plan
a prediction of the direction and total quantity of oil which could be
discharged from the facility as a result of each type of major equipment
failure.
(ii) Bulk storage container secondary containment, in lieu of the requirements
in §§112.8(c)(2) and (c)(11) and 112.12(c)(2) and (c)(11). Construct all
bulk storage container installations (except mobile refuelers and other
non-transportation-related tank trucks), including mobile or portable oil
storage containers, so that you provide a secondary means of
containment for the entire capacity of the largest single container plus
additional capacity to contain precipitation. Dikes, containment curbs, and
pits are commonly employed for this purpose. You may also use an
alternative system consisting of a drainage trench enclosure that must
be arranged so that any discharge will terminate and be safely
confined in a catchment basin or holding pond. Position or locate
mobile or portable oil storage containers to prevent a discharge as
described in §112.1(b).
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(iii) Overfill prevention, in lieu of the requirements in §§112.8(c)(8) and
112.12(c)(8). Ensure that each container is provided with a system or
documented procedure to prevent overfills of the container, describe the
system or procedure in the SPCC Plan and regularly test to ensure proper
operation or efficacy.
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Keywords:
Drainage trench enclosure that must be arranged so that any discharge
will terminate and be safely confined in a catchment basin or holding pond
Closed drain system?
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Closed Drain
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(b) Tier II Qualified Facilities—(1) Preparation and Self-Certification of Plan.
If you are the owner or operator of a facility that meets the Tier II
qualified facility criteria in §112.3(g)(2), you may choose to self-certify
your Plan. You must certify in the Plan that:
(i) You are familiar with the requirements of this part;
(ii) You have visited and examined the facility;
(iii) The Plan has been prepared in accordance with accepted and sound
industry practices and standards, and with the requirements of this part;
(iv) Procedures for required inspections and testing have been established;
(v) You will fully implement the Plan;
(vi) The facility meets the qualification criteria set forth under §112.3(g)(2);
(vii) The Plan does not deviate from any requirement of this part as allowed
by §112.7(a)(2) and 112.7(d) or include measures pursuant to
§112.9(c)(6) for produced water containers and any associated piping,
except as provided in paragraph (b)(3) of this section; and
(viii) The Plan and individual(s) responsible for implementing the Plan have
the full approval of management and the facility owner or operator has
committed the necessary resources to fully implement the Plan.
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2) Technical Amendments. If you self-certify your Plan pursuant (依照;依据的;
按照的) to paragraph (b)(1) of this section, you must certify any technical
amendments to your Plan in accordance with paragraph (b)(1) of this
section when there is a change in the facility design, construction,
operation, or maintenance that affects its potential for a discharge as
described in §112.1(b), except:
(i) If a Professional Engineer certified a portion of your Plan in accordance
with paragraph (b)(4) of this section, and the technical amendment affects
this portion of the Plan, you must have the amended provisions of your
Plan certified by a Professional Engineer in accordance with paragraph
(b)(4)(ii) of this section.
(ii) If the change is such that the facility no longer meets the Tier II qualifying
criteria in §112.3(g)(2) because it exceeds 10,000 U.S. gallons in
aggregate aboveground storage capacity you must, within six months
following the change, prepare and implement a Plan in accordance with
the general Plan requirements in §112.7 and the applicable requirements
in subparts B and C of this part, including having the Plan certified by a
Professional Engineer as required under §112.3(d).
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(3) Applicable Requirements. Except as provided in this paragraph, your self-
certified SPCC Plan must comply with §112.7 and the applicable
requirements in subparts B and C of this part:
(i) Environmental Equivalence. Your Plan may not include alternate methods
which provide environmental equivalence pursuant to §112.7(a)(2),
unless each alternate method has been reviewed and certified in writing
by a Professional Engineer, as provided in paragraph (b)(4) of this section.
(ii) Impracticability. Your Plan may not include any determinations that
secondary containment is impracticable and provisions in lieu of
secondary containment pursuant to §112.7(d), unless each such
determination and alternate measure has been reviewed and certified in
writing by a Professional Engineer, as provided in paragraph (b)(4) of this
section.
(iii) Produced Water Containers. Your Plan may not include any alternative
procedures for skimming produced water containers in lieu of sized
secondary containment pursuant to §112.9(c)(6), unless they have been
reviewed and certified in writing by a Professional Engineer, as provided in
paragraph (b)(4) of this section.
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Skimming Tank
Schematic-
Produced Water Containers.
Your Plan may not include
any alternative procedures
for skimming produced water
containers in lieu of sized
secondary containment
pursuant to §112.9(c)(6),
unless they have been
reviewed and certified in
writing by a Professional
Engineer
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(4) Professional Engineer Certification of Portions of a Qualified Facility's
Self-Certified Plan.
(i) As described in paragraph (b)(3) of this section, the facility owner or
operator may not self-certify alternative measures allowed under
§112.7(a)(2) or (d), that are included in the facility's Plan. Such measures
must be reviewed and certified, in writing, by a licensed Professional
Engineer. For each alternative measure allowed under §112.7(a)(2), the
Plan must be accompanied by a written statement by a Professional
Engineer that states the reason for nonconformance and describes the
alternative method and how it provides equivalent environmental
protection in accordance with §112.7(a)(2). For each determination of
impracticability of secondary containment pursuant to §112.7(d), the Plan
must clearly explain why secondary containment measures are not
practicable at this facility and provide the alternative measures required in
§112.7(d) in lieu of secondary containment. By certifying each measure
allowed under §112.7(a)(2) and (d), the Professional Engineer attests:
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Keywords: Alternative Measure
Secondary containments
Determination of impracticability of secondary containment pursuant to
§112.7(d)
Alternative to secondary containments
Why secondary containment measures are not practicable at this facility
and provide the alternative measures required in §112.7(d) in lieu of
secondary containment
Determine & Certify by a Professional Engineer PE
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(ii) As described in paragraph (b)(3) of this section, the facility owner or
operator may not self-certify measures as described in §112.9(c)(6) for
produced water containers and any associated piping. Such measures must
be reviewed and certified, in writing, by a licensed Professional Engineer, in
accordance with §112.3(d)(1)(vi).
(iii) The review and certification by the Professional Engineer under this
paragraph is limited to the alternative method which achieves equivalent
environmental protection pursuant to §112.7(a)(2); to the impracticability
determination and measures in lieu of secondary containment pursuant to
§112.7(d); or the measures pursuant to §112.9(c)(6) for produced water
containers and any associated piping and appurtenances downstream from
the container.
[73 FR 74302, Dec. 5, 2008, as amended at 74 FR 58810, Nov. 13, 2009]
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Summary Q&A:
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§112.7 General requirements for Spill Prevention, Control, and
Countermeasure Plans.
If you are the owner or operator of a facility subject to this part you must
prepare a Plan in accordance with good engineering practices. The Plan must
have the full approval of management at a level of authority to commit the
necessary resources to fully implement the Plan. You must prepare the Plan
in writing. If you do not follow the sequence specified in this section for the
Plan, you must prepare an equivalent Plan acceptable to the Regional
Administrator that meets all of the applicable requirements listed in this part,
and you must supplement it with a section cross-referencing the location of
requirements listed in this part and the equivalent requirements in the other
prevention plan. If the Plan calls for additional facilities or procedures,
methods, or equipment not yet fully operational, you must discuss these items
in separate paragraphs, and must explain separately the details of installation
and operational start-up. As detailed elsewhere in this section, you must also:
(a)(1) Include a discussion of your facility's conformance with the
requirements listed in this part.
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(2) Comply with all applicable requirements listed in this part. Except as
provided in §112.6, your Plan may deviate from the requirements in
paragraphs (g), (h)(2) and (3), and (i) of this section and the requirements in
subparts B and C of this part, except the secondary containment
requirements in paragraphs (c) and (h)(1) of this section, and §§112.8(c)(2),
112.8(c)(11), 112.9(c)(2), 112.9(d)(3), 112.10(c), 112.12(c)(2), and
112.12(c)(11), where applicable to a specific facility, if you provide equivalent
environmental protection by some other means of spill prevention, control, or
countermeasure. Where your Plan does not conform to the applicable
requirements in paragraphs (g), (h)(2) and (3), and (i) of this section, or the
requirements of subparts B and C of this part, except the secondary
containment requirements in paragraph (c) and (h)(1) of this section, and
§§112.8(c)(2), 112.8(c)(11), 112.9(c)(2), 112.10(c), 112.12(c)(2), and
112.12(c)(11), you must state the reasons for nonconformance in your Plan
and describe in detail alternate methods and how you will achieve
equivalent environmental protection. If the Regional Administrator determines
that the measures described in your Plan do not provide equivalent
environmental protection, he may require that you amend your Plan, following
the procedures in §112.4(d) and (e).
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(3) Describe in your Plan the physical layout of the facility and include a
facility diagram, which must mark the location and contents of each fixed oil
storage container and the storage area where mobile or portable containers
are located. The facility diagram must identify the location of and mark as
“exempt”underground tanks that are otherwise exempted from the
requirements of this part under §112.1(d)(4). The facility diagram must also
include all transfer stations and connecting pipes, including intra-facility
gathering lines that are otherwise exempted from the requirements of this part
under §112.1(d)(11). You must also address in your Plan:
(i) The type of oil in each fixed container and its storage capacity. For mobile
or portable containers, either provide the type of oil and storage capacity for
each container or provide an estimate of the potential number of mobile or
portable containers, the types of oil, and anticipated storage capacities;
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(ii) Discharge prevention measures including procedures for routine
handling of products (loading, unloading, and facility transfers, etc.);
(iii) Discharge or drainage controls such as secondary containment around
containers and other structures, equipment, and procedures for the
control of a discharge;
(iv) Countermeasures for discharge discovery, response, and cleanup (both
the facility's capability and those that might be required of a contractor);
(v) Methods of disposal of recovered materials in accordance with
applicable legal requirements; and
(vi) Contact list and phone numbers for the facility response coordinator,
National Response Center, cleanup contractors with whom you have an
agreement for response, and all appropriate Federal, State, and local
agencies who must be contacted in case of a discharge as described in
§112.1(b).
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(4)Unless you have submitted a response plan under §112.20, provide
information and procedures in your Plan to enable a person reporting a
discharge as described in §112.1(b) to relate information on the exact
address or location and phone number of the facility; the date and time of
the discharge, the type of material discharged; estimates of the total
quantity discharged; estimates of the quantity discharged as described in
§112.1(b); the source of the discharge; a description of all affected media;
the cause of the discharge; any damages or injuries caused by the
discharge; actions being used to stop, remove, and mitigate the effects of
the discharge; whether an evacuation may be needed; and, the names of
individuals and/or organizations who have also been contacted.
(5)Unless you have submitted a response plan under §112.20, organize
portions of the Plan describing procedures you will use when a discharge
occurs in a way that will make them readily usable in an emergency, and
include appropriate supporting material as appendices.
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(b)Where experience indicates a reasonable potential for equipment failure
(such as loading or unloading equipment, tank overflow, rupture, or
leakage, or any other equipment known to be a source of a discharge),
include in your Plan a prediction of the direction, rate of flow, and total
quantity of oil which could be discharged from the facility as a result of
each type of major equipment failure.
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(b)Provide appropriate containment and/or diversionary structures or
equipment (引水结构或设备)to prevent a discharge as described in
§112.1(b), except as provided in paragraph (k) of this section for
qualified oil-filled operational equipment, and except as provided in
§112.9(d)(3) for flowlines and intra-facility gathering lines at an oil
production facility. The entire containment system, including walls and
floor, must be capable of containing oil and must be constructed so that
any discharge from a primary containment system, such as a tank, will not
escape the containment system before cleanup occurs. In determining
the method, design, and capacity for secondary containment, you
need only to address the typical failure mode, and the most likely
quantity of oil that would be discharged. Secondary containment may
be either active or passive in design. At a minimum, you must use one of
the following prevention systems or its equivalent:
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(1) For onshore facilities:
(i) Dikes, berms, or retaining walls sufficiently impervious to contain oil;
(ii) Curbing or drip pans;
(iii) Sumps and collection systems;
(iv) Culverting, gutters, or other drainage systems;
(v) Weirs, booms, or other barriers;
(vi) Spill diversion ponds;
(vii) Retention ponds; or
(viii) Sorbent materials.
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Onshore Facilities
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Onshore Facilities
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Onshore Facilities
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(2) For offshore facilities:
(i) Curbing or drip pans; or
(ii) Sumps and collection systems.
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Offshore Facilities
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Offshore Facilities
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Offshore Facilities
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(d) Provided your Plan is certified by a licensed Professional Engineer under
§112.3(d), or, in the case of a qualified facility that meets the criteria in
§112.3(g), the relevant sections of your Plan are certified by a licensed
Professional Engineer under §112.6(d), if you determine that the
installation of any of the structures or pieces of equipment listed in
paragraphs (c) and (h)(1) of this section, and §§112.8(c)(2),
112.8(c)(11), 112.9(c)(2), 112.10(c), 112.12(c)(2), and 112.12(c)(11) to
prevent a discharge as described in §112.1(b) from any onshore or
offshore facility is not practicable, you must clearly explain in your Plan
why such measures are not practicable; for bulk storage containers,
conduct both periodic integrity testing of the containers and
periodic integrity and leak testing of the valves and piping; and,
unless you have submitted a response plan under §112.20, provide in
your Plan the following:
(1) An oil spill contingency plan following the provisions of part 109 of this
chapter.
(2) A written commitment of manpower, equipment, and materials required
to expeditiously control and remove any quantity of oil discharged that
may be harmful.
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(e) Inspections, tests, and records. Conduct inspections and tests required by
this part in accordance with written procedures that you or the certifying
engineer develop for the facility. You must keep these written procedures
and a record of the inspections and tests, signed by the appropriate
supervisor or inspector, with the SPCC Plan for a period of three years.
Records of inspections and tests kept under usual and customary business
practices will suffice for purposes of this paragraph.
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(f) Personnel, training, and discharge prevention procedures.
(1) At a minimum, train your oil-handling personnel in the operation and
maintenance of equipment to prevent discharges; discharge procedure
protocols; applicable pollution control laws, rules, and regulations;
general facility operations; and, the contents of the facility SPCC Plan.
(2) Designate a person at each applicable facility who is accountable for
discharge prevention and who reports to facility management.
(3) Schedule and conduct discharge prevention briefings for your oil-
handling personnel at least once a year to assure adequate
understanding of the SPCC Plan for that facility. Such briefings must
highlight and describe known discharges as described in §112.1(b) or
failures, malfunctioning components, and any recently developed
precautionary measures.
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Training- Schedule and conduct discharge prevention briefings for your oil-
handling personnel at least once a year to assure adequate understanding of
the SPCC Plan for that facility
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(g) Security (excluding oil production facilities). Describe in your Plan how
you secure and control access to the oil handling, processing and storage
areas; secure master flow and drain valves; prevent unauthorized access
to starter controls on oil pumps; secure out-of-service and loading/
unloading connections of oil pipelines; and address the appropriateness
of security lighting to both prevent acts of vandalism and assist in the
discovery of oil discharges.
(h) Facility tank car and tank truck loading/unloading rack (excluding offshore
facilities).
(1) Where loading/unloading rack drainage does not flow into a catchment
basin or treatment facility designed to handle discharges, use a quick
drainage system for tank car or tank truck loading/unloading racks. You
must design any containment system to hold at least the maximum
capacity of any single compartment of a tank car or tank truck
loaded or unloaded at the facility.
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Loading/unloading rack
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Loading/unloading rack
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(2)Provide an interlocked warning light or physical barrier system, warning
signs, wheel chocks or vehicle brake interlock system in the area adjacent
to a loading/unloading rack, to prevent vehicles from departing before
complete disconnection of flexible or fixed oil transfer lines.
(3)Prior to filling and departure of any tank car or tank truck, closely inspect
for discharges the lowermost drain and all outlets of such vehicles, and if
necessary, ensure that they are tightened, adjusted, or replaced to prevent
liquid discharge while in transit.
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(i) If a field-constructed aboveground container undergoes a repair, alteration,
reconstruction, or a change in service that might affect the risk of a
discharge or failure due to brittle fracture or other catastrophe, or has
discharged oil or failed due to brittle fracture failure or other catastrophe,
evaluate the container for risk of discharge or failure due to brittle fracture
or other catastrophe, and as necessary, take appropriate action.
(j) In addition to the minimal prevention standards listed under this section,
include in your Plan a complete discussion of conformance with the
applicable requirements and other effective discharge prevention and
containment procedures listed in this part or any applicable more stringent
State rules, regulations, and guidelines.
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(k) Qualified Oil-filled Operational Equipment. The owner or operator of a
facility with oil-filled operational equipment that meets the qualification
criteria in paragraph (k)(1) of this sub-section may choose to implement for
this qualified oil-filled operational equipment the alternate requirements as
described in paragraph (k)(2) of this sub-section in lieu of general
secondary containment required in paragraph (c) of this section.
(1) Qualification Criteria—Reportable Discharge History: The owner or
operator of a facility that has had no single discharge as described in
§112.1(b) from any oil-filled operational equipment exceeding 1,000 U.S.
gallons or no two discharges as described in §112.1(b) from any oil-filled
operational equipment each exceeding 42 U.S. gallons within any twelve
month period in the three years prior to the SPCC Plan certification date,
or since becoming subject to this part if the facility has been in operation
for less than three years (other than oil discharges as described in
§112.1(b) that are the result of natural disasters, acts of war or terrorism);
and
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(2) Alternative Requirements to General Secondary Containment. If
secondary containment is not provided for qualified oil-filled operational
equipment pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section, the owner or operator
of a facility with qualified oil-filled operational equipment must:
(i) Establish and document the facility procedures for inspections or a
monitoring program to detect equipment failure and/or a discharge; and
(ii) Unless you have submitted a response plan under §112.20, provide in
your Plan the following:
(A)An oil spill contingency plan following the provisions of part 109 of this
chapter.
(B)A written commitment of manpower, equipment, and materials required to
expeditiously control and remove any quantity of oil discharged that may
be harmful.
[67 FR 47140, J uly 17, 2002, as amended at 71 FR 77292, Dec. 26, 2006; 73
FR 74303, Dec. 5, 2008; 74 FR 58810, Nov. 13, 2009]
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Summary Q&A:
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Pipeline
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Charlie Chong/ Fion Zhang
Good Luck!
Charlie Chong/ Fion Zhang
Good Luck!