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REDD

+
National Strategy
Indonesian REDD+ Task Force June 2012

www.satgasreddplus.org

Citation: REDD+ National Strategy, REDD+ Task Force, Jakarta, Indonesia, June 2012.

REDD+
National Strategy
Indonesian REDD+ Task Force June 2012

www.satgasreddplus.org

CHAPTER 1

Introduction

1.1. Background
REDD+ is a mechanism which provides an economic incentive to encourage developing countries to reduce carbon emissions through sustainable forest management. With more than 130 million hectares of forests covering 70 percent of its land area, Indonesia is a prime candidate to apply REDD+. It is in Indonesia’s interests to implement REDD+ programs to reduce substantial emissions from land use including forestry by significantly reducing the rate of deforestation and forest degradation. Indonesia also has an interest in participating in efforts to curb global warming because of its vulnerability to climate change impacts. REDD+ will be applied within the low carbon and green economy framework to ensure that efforts to mitigate land use-driven climate change are carried out in line with Indonesian policies and need for sustainable development. Indonesia is committed to reducing emissions by 26 percent from the ‘Business as Usual’ development scenario by 2020 through utilization of its own funds and without sacrificing development in other sectors, or by 41 percent with international assistance. The government expects to accomplish this while aiming for 7 percent annual economic growth. To fulfil this commitment, the government has issued Presidential Regulation 61/2011 concerning the National Action Plan for Reduction of Emissions of Greenhouse Gases and Presidential Regulation 71/2011 concerning the Implementation of a National Greenhouse Gases Inventory. REDD+ supports the achievement of these targets through management of forests, peatlands, and agricultural areas.

1.2. Purpose of the Formulation of the REDD+ National Strategy
The REDD+ National Strategy has been formulated with the following intent: 1. To prepare an effective institutional system to implement the REDD+ program;

2. To provide a basis and direction for integrated governance and regulatory systems to ensure the implementation of the REDD+ scheme;

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Chapter 4 emphasizes the need for a stage-by-stage approach to the implementation of REDD+. (ii) Review and strengthening of policies and regulations. establishment of institutions. mission. and 4. Provide a reference for the expansion of investment in the utilization of forests and peatlands for the production of forest and/or agricultural commodities. Reporting and Verification (MRV) Institution. development of work support facilities. Develop systematic and consolidated processes and approaches to save Indonesia’s natural forests and the flora and fauna within them. and the provision of ecosystem services that include the conservation and accumulation of carbon stocks. (iii) Launching of strategic programs. but also improving the overall governance of forests in order to sustain ecosystem services including biodiversity and hydrological systems. Full implementation of REDD+ is expected in Indonesia in 2014. The implementation of REDD+ in pilot provinces is detailed in Chapter 3. (iv) Shifts in paradigms and work culture. Chapter 3 provides directions for the implementation of REDD+ strategies by the three new institutions that will be established: The REDD+ Agency. the REDD+ Funding Instrument. The overall development of REDD+ support systems mandated under this National Strategy is expected to take 2-3 years.Indonesia 3. which consists of: (1) Vision.3. and capacity building. learning.REDD+ National Strategy . 3 . and (v) Multi-stakeholder participation. and will be accomplished through the following phases: design. and (2) The REDD+ National Strategy Framework and its five pillars: (i) Development of a REDD+ institutional system. with REDD+ not only being applied for the purpose of mitigating climate change while benefiting from the reduction of carbon emissions. REDD+ National Strategy Document Structure Chapter 2 details the REDD+ National Strategy. and the REDD+ Measurement. purpose and scope of implementation of REDD+ in Indonesia and its harmonization within the various government plans for handling climate change. 1.

Goals. Mission. Scope and Relationship of REDD+ to Other Programs Vision Sustainable management of natural forests and peatlands as national natural resource1 assets to maximize the prosperity of the people. 2. Enhancing the functioning of forest and peatland management institutions. 2. scope and the relationship of REDD+ to government programs. are defined as earth. Medium-term Goal (2012-2020): The implementation of governance systems in line with policies and procedures developed by forest and peatland 1 Natural resources. water and air as stipulated in Section 33 of the Indonesian Constitution. in order to fulfil Indonesia’s commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while maintaining economic growth. Goals 1. purpose. 2. Improving the capacity to manage forest and peatland resources. Vision. 3. Short-term Goal (2012-2014): The strategic improvement of institutions and governance systems. Mission To achieve the vision of sustainable management of natural forests and peatlands through an effective governance system by: 1. as well as of spatial plans and the investment climate. Vision. within this context and understanding. 4 .CHAPTER 2 REDD+ National Strategy Indonesia’s REDD+ National Strategy consists of: 1. 2. REDD+ framework and pillars.1. mission. Improving laws and regulations and strengthening law enforcement.

Long-term Goal (2012-2030): Indonesia’s forests and land areas become a net carbon sink by 2030 as a result of the implementation of appropriate policies for sustaining economic and ecosystem service functions of forests. and their application to the spatial and financial mechanisms developed and established in the previous phase. funding. Forest conservation b. Scope REDD+ programs in Indonesia include the following activities: 1. Fairness: REDD+ is implemented on the basis of the principles of equality for all and human rights protection in forest management. and results obtained. Decreasing emissions from deforestation 2. Efficiency: REDD+ programs in Indonesia constitute long-term activities that result in optimal financial. Improvement of local people’s welfare b. 2. to achieve the targeted 26-41 percent reduction in emissions by 2020. 4. Sustainable forest management c. Accountability: REDD+ implementation is fully accountable to the people of Indonesia and the international community in terms of relevance. transparency and accountability.Indonesia management institutions.REDD+ National Strategy . ecological. Preserving and accumulating carbon stocks through: a. Rehabilitation and restoration of damaged areas 4. Transparency: REDD+ activities are undertaken transparently to enable full understanding and opportunity for stakeholders to participate. Principles REDD+ implementation in Indonesia is based on five principles: effectiveness. including for women and communities vulnerable to socio-economic and environmental change. Improved protection for other ecosystem services 5 . the criteria for which are as follows: 1. and social benefits. 3. 5. Decreasing emissions from forest and/or peatland degradation 3. Improved preservation of biodiversity c. Effectiveness: REDD+ activities in Indonesia reduce emissions and result in additional real and measurable benefits. efficiency. 3. The creation of additional benefits along with reduced emissions: a. fairness. process.

the REDD+ National Strategy carries with it the mandate to upgrade and harmonize existing laws and regulations as well as sector and non-sector institutions involved in governance and management of forests and other land-based resources. Presidential Regulation 61/2011 on the National Action Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. it served as a reference for the formulation of the National Action Plan for Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the REDD+ National Strategy. Law 32/2009 on the Protection and Management of the Environment. Among these laws are: Law 26/2007 concerning Spatial Planning.In line with Forestry Law 41/2009 sections 1(b) and 1(c). as well as the actual governance and management of forests. The formulation and publication of the Indonesian Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap (ICCSR) has taken into account the results of international level negotiations through the UNFCCC. Relationships Between REDD+ and Other Programs Existing national climate change programs are based on a number of laws and regulations pertaining to spatial planning. and is influenced by other laws. For that reason. Although the overall framework of climate change policy relies on the three laws mentioned above. At the national level. for reporting and verification by an independent institution. Within this context. peatlands and overall land utilization in Indonesia. This includes the mainstreaming of REDD+ into the national and sub-national development programs. forestry and environment. Law 41/1999 on Forestry. the REDD+ strategic plan was developed to serve as the government’s main reference to implement forestry and land use climate change policy. REDD+ implementation cannot stand alone. To implement REDD+ effectively it is necessary to create conditions conducive to reforming governance and management systems in all land-based sectors. regulations and policies and on the performance of all land-use sectors. These regulations mandate the identification of climate change issues and the development of preventative programs for integration into National/ Regional Medium-Term Development Plans. The REDD+ National Strategy needs 6 . Every REDD+ activity/project/program will be required to measure its performance in all relevant categories of benefits mentioned above. The REDD+ National Strategy was developed with a thorough understanding of sector and non-sector regulations that have implications on forest and land management. the REDD+ scheme will be implemented in forested lands (including mangroves and peatlands) designated as forest areas or land designated as “other use” areas. and Presidential Regulation 71/2011 concerning the Inventory of Greenhouse Gases.

forestry & mining Sustainable management of landscapes     Emissions reduction Increased carbon stocks c 4 Changes to Work Paradigm and Culture • • • Strengthening of forests and land use governance Empowerment of local economies using sustainability principles National “Save Indonesia’s Forests” campaign Conservation & maintenance of biodiversity 5 Inclusion/ Involvement of Stakeholders • • • Facilitate interaction with and among stakeholders (national. (ii) an increase in carbon stocks. non-governmental organizations. Land-use Change. international community) Develop social and environmental safeguards Ensure equitable benefit sharing Economic growth Graphic 2. and Forestry (LULUCF). At the regional/provincial level. The REDD+ program framework consists of five strategic pillars as illustrated in Graphic 2. the National Greenhouse Action Plan is interpreted through Regional Greenhouse Action Plans.1. indigenous and local peoples. the REDD+ National Strategy and National Greenhouse Action Plan are further elaborated into the Strategy and Action Plan for the Regional Implementation of REDD+.REDD+ National Strategy . REDD+ National Strategy Framework with Five Main Pillars 7 . and (iv) an increase in the value and sustainability of the forest’s economic functions. 1 Institutions and Processes 2 Legal and Regulatory Frameworks • • • REDD+ Agency Funding Instrument MRV Institution • Measurement • Reporting • Verification • • • • • Review land rights and accelerate spatial planning Improve law enforcement and prevent corruption Enforce 2 year moratorium on issuance of new permits for the exploitation of forests and peatlands Improve data and permit issuance systems for forests and peatlands Provide incentives for the private sector 3 a Conservation & rehabilitation • • • • • • • • • • Establish protected area function Control conversion of forests and peatlands Restore forests and rehabilitate peatlands Increase agricultural and plantation productivity Manage forests sustainably Control conversion of productive land to open-cut mining Prevent and control fires in forests and peatlands Promotion of value added downstream industries Expansion of sustainable alternative livelihoods Management of multi-function landscapes Strategic Programs b Sustainable agriculture. Regarding REDD+ in particular. These inter-related pillars have been designed in such a way as to facilitate the achievement of the REDD+ strategic goals.2.Indonesia to be elaborated into the National REDD+ Action Plan for adoption into the Government Work Plan and inclusion into the State Budget to ensure allocation of funds for the implementation of REDD+. 2.1. regional and local governments. private sector. which is to be adopted into Regional Government Work Plans and Regional Budgets. (iii) improvement the preservation of biodiversity. REDD+ National Strategy Framework and Pillars The strategic framework for REDD+ has been developed to facilitate the achievement of the following long-term goals: (i) a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions originating from Land Use.

cost efficiency in achieving goals. local government institutions. The requirements for registration of REDD+ programs/projects/activities are based on principles determined by the national REDD+ Agency and must be in line with local policy and custom. At the Sub-National Level.2. Districts also can establish REDD+ institutions to consistently and efficiently coordinate all aspects of district-level REDD+ activities and report results to the provincial level. Groups and bodies as diverse as business entities. Three institutions have been formed at the national level: a REDD+ Agency. reporting and verification of emissions reductions. (ii) assurance of the effectiveness of REDD+ funding.2. and accountability in all REDD+ implementation activities. National REDD+ Agency The national REDD+ Agency will be established by an act of law and will report and be directly accountable to the President. It will led by an Agency Head whose position will be equal to that of a government minister. measurement. The REDD+ Agency will be established for the following purposes: 1. 2. each provincial government may create a REDD+ Institution to organize and implement its Regional REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan. developed from the REDD+ National Strategy. referred to as the REDD+ MRV Institution. civil society organizations. Data and information collected locally on developments in REDD+ program activities and projects will inform the national REDD+ Agency. Development of an Institutional System for REDD+ The institutional system for REDD+ is based on the following principles: good governance. inclusiveness by ensuring the participation of all stakeholders.1. and an agency for coordination. Undertake governance at the national level and coordinate all REDD+ activities in Indonesia. a REDD+ Funding Instrument. The implementers of REDD+ Programs/Projects/Activities are organizations which have fulfilled specific criteria and procedures to register and implement REDD+ activities with the national REDD+ Agency upon the recommendation of a sub-national REDD+ institution. Regional REDD+ Agencies will coordinate the following thematic activities: (i) measurement. and (iii) periodic reporting on developments in regional programs/ projects/activities to the national REDD+ Agency.1.2. verification and reporting. and community groups can function as implementers.1. 8 .

Facilitating capacity building to ensure fair and equitable distribution of benefits from the REDD+ program. g. Facilitating the development of the REDD+ program. b. Facilitating the formation of a REDD+ MRV Institution. 9 . e.Indonesia 2. Oversee and accelerate improvements in forest and peatlands governance in order to reduce the rate of deforestation and degradation. Facilitating the formation of a framework and information system for REDD+ safeguards implementation (SIS-REDD+). preserving and increasing carbon stocks as well as overseeing implementation. Ensure effective funding services and fair benefit distribution for parties running REDD+ programs/projects/activities in accordance with the integrity requirements for REDD+ implementation systems. Preparing the regulatory framework for the implementation of the REDD+ scheme. Accelerating improvements in governance over forests and peatlands. legalizing regulatory measures relating to measurement. sub-national and local levels. social interaction and the environment. reporting. The REDD+ Agency will be the designated national authority for: a. Facilitating the formation of a REDD+ Funding Instrument and setting out criteria for performance-based payments. 1. Controlling trade in avoided carbon emissions from the REDD+ program f. c. REDD+ Agency Mandate The REDD+ Agency will be mandated to carry out strategic functions within a thematic coordination framework oriented towards influencing existing operational and coordination processes among various ministries and related institutions at national. h. 3. d.REDD+ National Strategy . establishing a Safeguard Committee as well as legalizing and coordinating the implementation of a REDD+ integrity system involving safeguards and audits in the fields of finance. verification and certification of emissions reduction.

and the preparation of operational infrastructure necessary for REDD+ activities. Coordinating and supporting the implementation of provincial REDD+ pilot programs by facilitating the development of Provincial Strategy and Action Plans. This can be achieved through: a. It should also coordinate the search for resources and troubleshoot and remove bottlenecks due to division of authority among ministries and institutions. 10/2011 concerning the Moratorium on the Provision of New Permits and Improvement of Primary Forests and Peatland Governance that went into effect on May 20. 3. in the following ways: 10 . The REDD+ Agency should effectively facilitate strategic communication and the involvement of all stakeholders both in Indonesia and abroad. b. The REDD+ Agency also will coordinate review processes and. and between the central and regional governments. e. undertaking institutional capacity building. Coordinating efforts to re-align incentive systems to ensure synergy among the REDD+ policies/programs of the central and regional governments. f. illegal logging. Formulating plans and coordinating law enforcement for protection of forests and peatland. land use. c. human resource development. Coordinating the implementation of various forms of authority bestowed upon the regional REDD+ agencies in line with their readiness and capacities. recommend revisions to the various existing funds transfer mechanisms from the central to regional governments. provision of funds. especially regarding. but not limited to. and slash-and-burn land clearing. The REDD+ Agency should ensure the effectiveness of thematic coordination among various ministries/institutions and between national and local governments. The REDD+ Agency will also support. when necessary. 2011. and fulfilment of preconditions for the implementation of REDD+. matters relating to spatial planning and land use permitting. d. Coordinating the implementation of Presidential Instruction No. but not limited to. Coordinating and synchronizing policies and programs among central government institutions/sectors.2. especially regarding. preparations for the implementation of the REDD+ program in provinces in which there are forests with adequate potential for the implementation of the REDD+ program. In addition. to a lesser degree.

2. and 11 . REDD+ Agency Governance The REDD+ Agency will carry out a number of different. civil society organizations. industry. including its directors.REDD+ National Strategy . b.Indonesia a. To support the development of REDD+ activities in line with their potential to reduce emissions from forests and peatlands. An Implementing function which carries out the previously determined 2. 2. Coordinating the development of Indonesia’s REDD+ policies and positions in preparation for interaction with international fora. 2. Funding Instrument The formulation of the REDD+ Funding Instrument will be facilitated by the REDD+ Agency. To facilitate the efficient distribution of funds and to ensure the fair distribution of benefits from REDD+ activities. including maintaining relationships and good communication and participation in international negotiations. 3. This instrument serves the following purposes: 1.2. community groups. A steering function involving REDD+ policies. A supervisory function that involves monitoring the implementation of REDD+ programs. To provide an internationally credible funds disbursement mechanism acceptable to potential donors and investors interested in facilitating or benefiting from REDD+ activities. 3.1. Developing and implementing effective communication systems to develop productive work relationships with both domestic and foreign stakeholders. functions. and relevant academic institutions. including: 1. supervisors and functionaries. yet mutually supportive. The Funding Instrument will work with a variety of potential sources and a wide variety of users. will be made up of representatives from government ministries and institutions. The membership of the REDD+ Agency. and be managed with a multi-stakeholder approach. planning and implementation mandate. The directors are drawn from civil servants and other professionals with appropriate qualifications. indigenous peoples’ organizations.

b.4. Funding may also be sought through various carbon trading instruments. To support REDD+ Agency coordination of its mandated functions and REDD+ activities. Any public funds from the State Budget or Government to Government disbursements are managed using the on-budget. social and environmental integrity. commodities markets and through financial and capital markets. d. To ensure adherence to the three key safeguards aspects: fiduciary. the REDD+ Funding Instrument will be given the following mandate: 1. 12 . off-treasury approach. Mobilization of funds from public and private sector sources through systematic. To prepare funding mechanisms: a. or listed under the Trust Fund mechanism of the State Budget. Fund mobilization planning in support of REDD+ may also be done through the expansion of access to the carbon market and other funding sources as discussed in the Business Plan under the REDD+ National Strategy. 2. NGOs. professionally and credibly outside of the state budget system based on globally accepted safeguards and accountability standards. c. communities and other groups for their efforts and performance in developing conditions that enable emissions reduction in their areas through both strategic activities and/or the formulation of supportive policies. 3. Manage REDD+ funds independently. the development of infrastructure (such as large scale peatlands drainage canal blocking) or other activities that contribute to the effort to reduce emissions and/or facilitate the implementation of REDD+ projects. e. professional fund raising. To fund investment pre-condition activities (for example: completion of spatial planning or provincial level timber legality verification implementation). To purchase inputs for development of phased REDD+ program/projects/ activities that both directly and indirectly result in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. To support implementation of the REDD+ National Strategy. To remunerate regional governments. Funding Instrument Mandate In order to operate effectively. programmed.

reporting and verification of emissions reductions achieved and the amount of carbon stocks preserved or increased. To remunerate the performance of registered implementers of REDD+ activities/projects/programs for their verified successful reduction of emissions. i. an accountability mechanism must in place to ensure maximum operational transparency. To support human resource and institutional capacity building that directly benefits and supports REDD+ activities. g. before funds are delivered. and that it is implemented before approval is granted for REDD+ programs/projects. Ensure there is a protocol for fiduciary safeguards. 4. Confirmation of the implementation and fulfilment of the safeguards framework requirements. Independent financial audits will be carried out periodically by one of the five best international audit institutions. 6. 5. 13 . at the program/project/activity level. To manage matching funds in connection with REDD+ investment commitments by regional governments and private sector investors. 2. h. social or environmental.1. whether fiduciary. Reporting and Verification (MRV) Institution MRV is a series of evaluation activities involving measurement.REDD+ National Strategy . The Chairman of the REDD+ Agency will forward reports to the Minister of Finance for the purpose of accountability for the funds received through the National Budget and/or grants in which are recorded as State Revenue.Indonesia f. carried out periodically in relation to REDD+ activities. REDD+ Funding Instrument financial reports and the audit report for the REDD+ Agency will be published and available to the public. The results of MRV provide the basis for determining remuneration by the REDD+ Funding Instrument for the successful implementation of REDD+ activities. To provide incentives for the fulfilment of specific compliance levels in relation to government policies. REDD+ Funding Instrument Accountability Mechanism In order to maintain the credibility of the REDD+ Funding Instrument. REDD+ Measurement. Harmonization of procedures for the implementation of funding and disbursement of payments before Indonesia enters the full REDD+ National Strategy implementation phase.2.3. such as the approval of Regional Spatial Plans (RTRW) by the House of Representatives.

leaves) or below (roots) the surface of the earth. and work mechanisms for measurement. Complete: Adequate information covering carbon stocks in all ecosystem components. Once this verification is done for the purpose of certification by an accredited emissions reduction certification institution. a verification mechanisms applied by accredited independent third parties will be instituted in due course. The MRV Institution will be set up on the basis of the following principles to ensure that it is a trustworthy body of high integrity: 1. This independent third party verification process will result in the issuance of a Verified Emissions Reduction (VER) acknowledgement. reporting. Accurate: The accuracy of data is an important element in measuring effectiveness of efforts to reduce emissions. 2. standards. as well as to coordinate MRV activities. 3. manure. the VER as well as the CER. the MRV Institution ensures the availability of consistent methodology that is applicable at all REDD+ activity locations at any given time. whether above (trunks. the verification process will result in ‘verified national level emission reduction’ and ‘verified sub-national level emission reduction’. The MRV Institution will be established to develop policies. For that reason. 14 . Under this approach. and verification that are in compliance with UNFCCC decisions and approved by the REDD+ Agency. peat). To take advantage of potential voluntary carbon market development. The verified national or sub-national level emission reductions. Consistent: The establishment of a Reference Emissions Level (REL) becomes the baseline measure for the degree of success of REDD+. The MRV Institution operates independently under the coordination of the REDD+ Agency. the Certified Emissions Reduction (CER) document will be issued. as well as in biomass that is defined as part and parcel of the whole (necromass. Goals and Principles of the MRV System The goal of the MRV system will be to support the implementation of REDD+ through measurement mechanisms and performance reports on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by implementers of REDD+ activities. constitute the basis for the disbursement of performance payment for the financial benefit of those carrying out REDD+ programs and activities.The formation of the MRV Institution will be facilitated by the REDD+ Agency. branches. as well as through independent verification mechanisms in line with UNFCCC’s development of methodologies and modalities.

Develop mechanisms for reporting to relevant national and international institutions and market players. standards and various mechanisms related to MRV activities with the approval of the REDD+ Agency. Compile all GHG inventory for Indonesia’s forests and peatlands over all domains of REDD+ activities at the national level. The system will be developed in line with UNFCCC decisions and IPCC guidelines. 3. Develop capacity in measurement and reporting (M+R) among the implementers of REDD+ activities (for the purpose of internal quality control in the effort to reduce emissions). Function as a registry and clearing-house for the management and processing of related geographic and other data for access by stakeholders. Integrate the measurement framework into a safeguard for evaluation of social and environmental security performance. Comparable: Measurement results can be compared over time for the various phases of activities of the same type. 5. Synergize the MRV system with the information system for REDD+ safeguard implementation (SIS-REDD+). These include coordination. 2. Provide information on the results of verification of emissions reduction for any given phase of REDD+ activities to funding institutions responsible for disbursing performance-based payments. harmonization. Independent: Emissions reduction verification and certification institutions are accredited on the basis of specific criteria and requirements. 7. 9. Formulate policies. 4. validation and verification of GHG calculations carried out at various levels from local sites to sub-national and national levels. the MRV Institution will undertake the following mandates: 1. Integrate a Forest Resource Monitoring System into the MRV System to ensure data accuracy on the changes of forest land use and its impact on carbon stocks and other ecosystem functions. The GHG inventory will cover all relevant emissions and removals from within the country boundary.Indonesia 4. 5. 8. 15 . Transparent: The MRV Institution will ensure transparency and publication of the methodology and results of measurement of emissions reduction. 6. MRV Institution Mandate Nationally. 6.REDD+ National Strategy .

a country-wide system will have been set in place to achieve Tier 3 MRV realization of VER at all project sites and IPCC Tier 2 at all landscape areas to fulfil all sub-national level needs. the Funding Instrument and the MRV Institution 1. (b) The Funding Instrument cooperates with the MRV Institution to develop evaluation protocols for social and environmental safeguards. a national level MRV system will deliver results confirming to IPCC Tier 2 or better.4. Build coordinative capacity among MRV implementers in Regional REDD+ Agencies. The Funding Instrument’s relationship with the MRV Institution: (a) The MRV Institution provides verification results for emissions reduction from any given REDD+ activity to the Funding Instrument for performance-based payment.2. 2. MRV System Development Phase The MRV System for REDD+ will need to ensure best practices by meeting international state of the art MRV standards through the following stages: 1. The REDD+ Agency’s relationship with the MRV Institution: The REDD+ Agency establishes policies. Relationship Between the REDD+ Agency. regulations. and accountably. By the end of 2014. and standards for measurement and reporting. The REDD+ Agency’s relationship with the Funding Instrument: The REDD+ Agency determines the priorities.1. 16 .10. 2. 2. and policies for funds management. Indonesia will be ready and able to implement IPCC Tier 2 MRV (project sites and landscape areas) to meet sub-national needs in pilot and priority provinces. strategies. as well as setting policies concerning independent third-party verification. 3. By the end of 2013. 4. 3. By the end of 2014. The REDD+ Agency’s relationship with both the Funding Instrument and the MRV Institution: The REDD+ Agency has the authority to control the Funding Instrument and the MRV Institution effectively. transparently.

2. the revision of regulations on Forestry and Spatial Planning. restructuring of land use and property rights. the resolution of conflicts and technical issues in the field. ecological. and following up on the findings through: 17 . These reforms are required for spatial planning. A number of other steps will be taken simultaneously to resolve various underlying issues discussed below. Researching permit processes.1. currently one of the items on the government’s 2010-2014 legislative program. Accelerating the implementation of Law No.Indonesia 2. This framework will function as a more detailed manifestation of the People’s Consultative Assembly Decision No. Land Use Spatial Planning Reform of spatial planning will be undertaken through: 1. biophysical. In this way. and implementation of the various strategies for policy strengthening. The legal framework thus formulated will then function as the basis for evaluation. and cultural considerations. harmonization. Policies and Regulations Reviewed and Strengthened Effective.2. 2. IX/MPR/2001 concerning the Reformation of Agrarian Affairs and Natural Resource Management. but are not limited to.REDD+ National Strategy . 4/2009 on the BKPRN. This strengthening is meant to synchronize data and information in order to plan forestry and other land uses based on judicial. efficient and sustainable implementation of the REDD+ scheme requires a strong legal foundation. the improvement of permit issuance systems. the implementation of REDD+ and overall improvements to forest and land use governance will have a solid legal basis.2. Reform of regulations and policies on natural resources management will be further facilitated when the House of Representatives enacts the draft Natural Resources Management law.2. the REDD+ Agency has been mandated to set up a ‘climate-friendly’ legal framework. including revised policies and regulations. as well as law enforcement. polices and regulations with reference to a creating a legal framework for dealing with climate change and for resolving land use conflicts. 3. Strengthening the authority and function of the National Spatial Planning Coordination Board (BKPRN) through revision of Presidential Decision No. For this reason. 2. socio-economic. 4/2011 on Geo-Spatial Information in connection with the mandate to integrate mapping through the creation of a master map for all types of permits covering forested areas by all Ministries and institutions with authority to recommend or issue land use permits. These steps toward the review and perfecting of policies and regulations include.

Taking steps to enforce the law (administrative. Law enforcement is to be undertaken in line with Law No. especially in the development of small and medium scale enterprises by local communities. 32/2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management. Prior. and Informed Consent (FPIC) are internalized in the issuance of all permits for the exploitation of natural resources. 4. 2. as well as simplifying regulations and administrative procedures to achieve efficient public service and a climate conducive to investment.2. 18 .2. 2.3.2.2. 3. Accelerating the formulation of a draft regulation on Environmental Inventorying. accountable and integrated systems for issuing land use permits.a. Support the National Land Agency to resolve land tenure disputes using existing statutory out-of-court settlement mechanisms. Management of Forests and Peatlands The main prerequisite for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from forests and peatlands is the guarantee of sustainable and systematic land use management. and the undertaking of strategic environmental research as mandated in Law No. 26/2007 concerning Spatial Planning. 2. Eco-region Divisions. Developing transparent. b. Land Tenure Reform The people have a constitutional right to certainty over boundaries and management rights for natural resources. Harmonization and revision of natural resources management regulations and policies to ensure the principle and processes of Free. Instruction by the Government to the Home Affairs Ministry and the National Land Agency to implement a survey of land occupied by indigenous peoples and other communities. as well as other related regulations. Environment Protection and Management Planning.2. Law No. Certainty of land tenure will be pursued through: 1. 32/2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management. civil and criminal) in cases where a review of the issuance of permits indicates violations have occurred. Law No. 1/1999 concerning Corruption. Land tenure reform is an important prerequisite to create the conditions required for successful implementation of REDD+.

to operate both within and outside of designated “forest areas”. 3. 2. This includes facilitating land swaps for forested/peatland areas which are currently under licence for forestry or other land uses. Capacity strengthening for prosecutors and police working under the One Roof Enforcement System. Increase the role of and improve the third-party performance evaluation system for permit holders through intensive policies. 4. including training for verification institutions and auditors. The following reforms are necessary to achieve this: 1. Implementation of a verification system for timber legality certification and sustainable forest management certification. Coordinate all stakeholders to review and harmonize policies and regulations concerning the management and rehabilitation of forests and peatland in designated forest and “other use” areas. legislature. it will be necessary to establish a legal framework for the transition to management by Forest Management Units including benefit sharing and issuance of forestry permits. 2. Accelerate the formation of forest and land use management institutions at the field level (Forest Management Unit. 2. which have the potential to become REDD+ locations. peatlands and “other use” areas through: 1.REDD+ National Strategy . Formation of a special Green Bench of judges for adjudicating environmental cases including forestry issues.Indonesia Land use management must use an ecosystem approach.2. Further. 3. Forest Monitoring and Law Enforcement Firm and consistent law enforcement (including for officers of the executive. and judiciary) in the case of improper issuance of permits for exploitation of forests.4. including its application to the forestry sector. as permanent forests. such as those applied in the certification of sustainable forest management. 19 . Prepare mechanisms and regulations for reclassifying forested land and/ or peatland outside of designated forest areas.2. KPH) and similar organisations for management of peatlands. unfettered by administrative boundaries. whose members are selected on the basis of integrity and adequate knowledge of the sustainable development paradigm.

Two-Year Moratorium on New Deforestation Permits On May 20. research. b. During the moratorium period.2. Prioritize conservation based on local customs and practices. also instructing that forest governance be improved (Presidential Instruction No. This two-year moratorium may be extended if deemed necessary. The purpose of this moratorium is to harmonize national economic development with efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from land-based sectors. from planning to implementation and evaluation. b. and map all permits for the exploitation of forest and peatland areas within the boundaries of territories classified as forest or “other use” areas to ascertain their land use status under the law and to identify all claims over any given tract of land. the President issued a moratorium on new permits over forest and peatland areas. b. and harmonize with regional spatial plans.2. 10/2011). throughout the new permit moratorium period. Improve permit issuance governance to make it more transparent and accountable.5. Optimize enforcement of all laws and regulations pertaining to any exisiting permits suspected to have been improperly granted. Involve local communities in all processes. Inventorying degraded areas and setting up a database to meet monitoring.2. through the improving management of forests and peatlands. Reclassification of the status and borders of forested areas. c. reporting and verification needs. the following steps are to be taken: 1. 2011. Saving the most threatened forests a. Identify. c. 2. Conflict Resolution a. d. 3. Permit Consolidation a. Formulate alternative models for natural resource related conflict resolution based on the fulfilment of human rights as stipulated in 20 . To specifically identify the potential for reclassification or land swaps between damaged forests and peatlands located in designated forest areas for forests and peatlands in good condition but which are now under land use permits allowing their destruction.

3. c.1.3. as well as toward changes in the pre-conditions that enable these three things. Strategic Programs Strategic programs are oriented toward improving the effectiveness of sustainable landscape management. Formulate regulations that require non-government institutions (including Forest Management Units run by State-Owned Enterprises) to formulate standard operational procedures which incorporate principles of inclusiveness through FPIC and other human rights standards. agro-forestry. 2. the conditions conducive to these three programs are integral elements of the implementation of REDD+ program strategies. forestry. Acceleration/debottlenecking of processes to delineate forest areas as a precondition for the effective formation of Forest Management Units. 2. Acceleration/debottlenecking of provincial land use spatial plans.Indonesia international human rights conventions and national legal instruments that have adopted human rights principles. 3. This acceleration 21 . d. Based on the REDD+ National Strategy illustrated in Graphic 2. and as a sign of respect towards parties with rights to land. along with establishing a conflict resolution team with representatives from various sectors and independent parties. Acceleration/debottlenecking of the formation of units for the management of forests and peatland in designated forest areas and designated “other use” areas to ensure effective management regimes in the field.. and conservation and land rehabilitation.2.2. involving the industrial.REDD+ National Strategy . The purpose of multi-sector integration. 2. The implementation of program strategies also requires changes in work paradigms and culture.1. This approach is applied through: 1. agricultural. the implementation of economic systems based on the sustainable use of natural resources. Effectively take advantage of every opportunity to resolve conflicts through the application of local customs and practices. is to direct the existing economic system toward the development of a green economy that will result in low levels of carbon emissions. and mining sectors in particular. Sustainable Landscape Management This approach is based on an integrated cross-sector landscape management system and long-term interests. as well as the involvement of various parties.

plantations. access to natural resources. including eco-regions and river catchments. carbon stocks. There should be capacity building oriented toward local technologies and the five core capital elements: physical environment. skilled human resources. Incentives that encourage best practices should also be introduced. plantations. The fire prevention program must be supported by a system of disincentives. expanded job opportunities. silviculture and mining. Strengthen the Forest Resource Monitoring System and ensure its integration with the national REDD+ MRV system. financial systems. Cross-sector programs must be harmonized. Preventive measures to curb the occurrence of forest fires include fire detection and early warning systems. Management of landscapes. must be done through integrated planning for the utilization or development of land that references both ecosystems and administrative borders. 6. as well as mechanisms for the involvement of various parties. 2. along with the setting of measurable targets. Implementation of an Economy Based on Sustainable Natural Resource Management This strategy is based on best practices in the management of land for farming. Reactive measures must be supported by adequate capacity to handle and control forest fires.3. regulations and laws. while ensuring adequate benefits from the exploitation of natural resources without expanding the size of cultivated areas. in line with the formation of institutions and their working procedures. Development of sustainable local economies based on alternative livelihoods. including punitive measures for the violation of policies. and the management of forests by local communities. and social conditions that are conducive to sustainable development. production forest planting. 7. 5. The Forest Resource Monitoring System needs to be enhanced to support the dynamics of information shift related to the changes of forest land use as well as its impact on timber and non-timber resources. and the development of infrastructure. Preventive rather than reactive handling and control of wildfires. 22 .2.must be supported intensively by the development of an education and training system and by identification of funding sources and incentives for Forest Management Units and Regional Governments.2. Policies must be formulated to discourage or ban the slash and burn approach to clearing land for farming. 4. biodiversity and other ecosystem services. The application of best practice principles is meant to increase the productivity of land without increasing emissions or the risk of other environmental damage.

This requires legal certainty of the status and function of forested areas and the rapid resolution of any violations of regulations covering the utilization of forests. requires special attention. village plantations. and the improvement of mining permit management. and the development of incentive mechanisms. For this reason. The implementation of sustainable forest management Sustainable Forest Management by various parties is encouraged not only in relation to natural forests and large-scale commercial forests. the imposition of quotas on large-scale plantations. Promotion of high value-added downstream industries The increased presence of high value-added downstream industries can be encouraged by prioritizing local investment in natural resource based activities. 3. expanded access to funding facilities and agricultural technology for local farmers. The provision of incentives as well as the application of the Verification System for Timber Legality Certification and Sustainable Forest Management certification supports the widespread adoption of Sustainable Forest Management. which account for the largest segment of the plantations sector. communal forests. regulations. Control of damage from mining Damage to land can be mitigated and reduced through the proper technology for exploration and mining. the adoption of sustainable plantation standards such as Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). as well as the designation of mining-free zones. the development of small industry technologies. and the expansion of efficient trade chains. Sustainable Forest Management is achieved through a fair balance between economic and ecological benefits. in particular the intensification of community plantations run by local farmers. 4. and the application of extractive industry standards. 2. the productivity of oil palm plantations. and public forests. but also timber areas cultivated by local communities.REDD+ National Strategy . increased effectiveness of reclamation activities. 23 . The development of lower emissions mining can be encouraged through laws. Increased agricultural and plantation productivity The productivity levels of farmland and plantations determine the welfare of communities near forests and conservation areas.Indonesia This can be accomplished through: 1. as well as the strengthening of institutions to support a community-based economy.

planting local species. while encouraging land swaps where forests remain intact despite existence of forest conversion permits. such as replanting. c. Curbing land conversion and logging outside protected areas. as well as leadership ability and a sense of responsibility applied in the field through organizations spearheading management of forests and peatlands. and undertaking intensive program evaluations. researching exploitation permits. Strengthening management and rehabilitation of peatland through inventorying peatland areas in designated forest and “other use” areas. Changes to Work Paradigms and Culture The high level of land-based emissions necessitates changes to the forestry sector’s basic work paradigms and culture.3.2. work ethic. Ecosystem Restoration. providing appropriate incentives. Conservation and Rehabilitation 1. evaluating their condition. and motivation. 24 . The characteristics of individuals involved must be addressed. 2. and preventing and handling forest fires. and the expansion of community managed areas. b. covering competence.3. A strategic conservation program aiming to improve the preservation of biodiversity and forest and peatland ecosystems.4. A strategic rehabilitation program focused on creating preconditions and resolving problems in the field to enable effective rehabilitation activities: a. to providing the potential to contribute significantly to REDD+ goals and additional benefits such as ecosystem services in forest areas. Provision of incentives for reforestation of forests and peatlands. qualifications. attitude. knowledge. High Conservation Value Forests receive special priority status with a focus on: a. development of town forests. Forests and peatlands with high carbon stocks and high biodiversity to be awarded protected area status. The main elements in this activity are ensuring transparency in permitting. integrity. b.2. The purpose of restoring ecosystems extends beyond reducing emissions through deforestation and degradation. Establishment of protected areas. 2. This can be accomplished through strict monitoring and permit reviews for land outside of High Conservation Value Forests and land not earmarked for controlled agricultural development.2. and taking steps toward rehabilitation of natural hydrological systems by closing canals. rehabilitation of mangrove forests.

especially for vulnerable groups.REDD+ National Strategy . (ii) establishment of policies. 3.2. and (iii) provision of permits in the forestry sector. Capacity-building for community members. and (ii) participation in decision-making processes. 2. to improve: (i) understanding of available information. 2. Transparency enhancement programs relating to: (i) the formulation of laws and regulations. Gender sensitivity: through attention to equality in roles. women. Leverage the Freedom of Information Law participation through: a. Increased leeway for transparency and participation. Provision of effective conflict resolution mechanisms to accommodate the various opinions and interests of participating stakeholders. 2. Inclusiveness: removing hindrances and deliberately ensuring participation of all relevant stakeholders. c. Increased understanding among decision makers at both national and local level about the importance of involving all stakeholders. and financing. Transparency: ensuring open planning. 3. 5. especially women and other vulnerable groups. needs. Strengthening Forest and Land Use Governance Forestry sector and land use governance can be strengthened through: 1.Indonesia Principles to be addressed are: 1. children and the poor. decision making. such as indigenous peoples.1. Collaboration: ensuring that all parties involved are treated as equal working partners.4. 4. Adaptability: quickly and appropriately formulate policies anticipative of change. b. and responsibilities of men and women. 14/2008 to encourage transparency and ensure accurate information is available for public 25 .

2. National Action Campaign: “Save Indonesia’s Forests” To increase public support. 2. Provision of annual awards and financial incentives to regional governments and business enterprises with good performance in forest management and land use.2. Harmonization of regulations relating to fiscal transfers from the Central Government to Regional Governments as incentives to ensure the success of the REDD+ program. This change can be facilitated through the following actions in the forestry and land use sectors: 1. The REDD+ Agency will carry out public awareness campaigns in cooperation with public communications experts in the following manner: 1. Cooperation with the mass media (print and electronic) to disseminate objective information from various perspectives relating to the saving of Indonesia’s forests and the mechanisms of REDD+. 2. 2. The format for the involvement of stakeholders must be carefully designed from the outset based of a clear understanding of the complexity of the conditions and characters of those stakeholders.2.5.2.4. Shifts in public awareness of the value of forests must occur at all social and age levels.4. 2. a public awareness campaign is required to expand understanding of the need to conserve forests as life support systems. 26 . 3. The provision of direct formal and informal educational programs and activities at the community level that are designed to support sustainable development.3.2. Stakeholder Participation The inclusive and collaborative involvement of the public and various stakeholders is core to the implementation of REDD+. Creation of popular information programs to provide information to a wide range of people concerning the importance of forests and the significance of the REDD+ mechanisms. Development of Incentives Rewards are effective in motivating changes in work culture.

Increasing understanding. strategies. through the development of: a. and the REDD+ Agency will develop a strategic partnership with the National Forestry Council to ensure the equitable involvement of stakeholders including fair treatment for vulnerable segments of the public. and Informed Consent (FPIC) The REDD+ Agency will implement and apply the principles of FPIC in all REDD+ programs and projects. Increasing stakeholders’ role in planning and problem solving. ownership. Interaction and Strategies for Stakeholder Participation Collaborative decision making is stipulated in article 70 of the Forestry Law.5. and support among all concerned parties of the importance of implementing REDD+ with recourse to the principle of FPIC. 2. including an understanding of who among them will be most affected either positively or negatively. Operational Partnerships: a collaborative effort facilitated through work sharing.2. The purpose of this approach is to ensure fairness and accountability for indigenous and local peoples whose lives and rights will be affected by REDD+ activities. awareness. 27 .2. The following strategies will facilitate public participation in REDD+: 1. 3. which stipulates the establishment of a multi-stakeholder “Forestry Observers Forum”. evaluation. and adaptation to facilitate the implementation of REDD+.1. Collaborative Partnerships: a form of cooperation in which the process of decision making takes into consideration that authority. Contributory Partnerships: collaborative efforts to decide on channelling of funds into REDD+ programs and projects. 2. The National Forestry Council accommodates the existence of this institution. planning. and risk is shared together with all parties on an equal footing. Prior. Implementation of the Principles of Free. this process will require effective communication strategies adapted to local conditions.5. b.2.Indonesia 2. Consultative Partnerships: a collaborative advisory effort in which certain parties provide input on policies. Identification and mapping of stakeholders. d. c. agreement. unity of perception.REDD+ National Strategy .

or local traditions and habits. or through representative organizations selected on the basis of traditional systems adhered to by the given indigenous community. Effective and fully participative consultation involves indigenous and local communities in every step and process that affects them either directly or indirectly. agreement with specific stipulations. or pressure in any form to seek the consent of indigenous peoples and local communities who are potentially affected by REDD+ programs/projects/ activities. local communities. temporary agreement. and easily understood information concerning the alternatives and choices existing for the public within the implementation of REDD+ activities. The application of this protocol involves consultation with the relevant indigenous peoples. Consultation with the public must be done within an adequate frame of time before permits are legalized or activities commenced. including those for complaints and conflict resolution relating to each stage of REDD+ activities. 28 .The implementation of the FPIC protocol in the REDD+ scheme is based on the following principles: 1. The participation of indigenous peoples can be done through their traditional authorities. 5. 2. 4. all of which are decided upon by the concerned public through legal mechanisms. Consultation is based on complete. and must be done respectfully with adherence to all stipulations and time considerations required within the consultation process. Consultation aims to achieve broad consensus or the specific agreement of the indigenous and local communities potentially affected. indigenous law practices. its protocols and mechanisms. and full agreement. agreement with other options. This information is meant to create leeway for broad consensus. 3. honest. Consultation is carried out without force. 6. balanced. intimidation. 7. partial agreement. manipulation. with all parties having access to existing opportunities. There must be agreement on the manner of public consultations. unbiased. The FPIC consultation process is the beginning of ongoing or regular communication between members of the community and the would-be implementers of REDD+ activities. There are various forms of agreement: tentative agreement. along with the consequences of each alternative choice. and other members of the public affected by the implementation of REDD+ programs/projects/activities.

indicators and evaluation procedures. and indicators is meant to ensure a strong basis for the full restoration of the public’s rights and the overall governance process.2. who face the full brunt of changes in family income. through periodic monitoring.Indonesia 2. whose social. and safeguards framework indicators. criteria. REDD+ activity implementers are required to take concrete steps to ensure risk mitigation as part of the implementation process. Within this context. Preparing instruments for a safeguards framework for REDD+ involves: 1. is based on basic principles of financial management accountability. economic. criteria. They are also obligated to provide information regarding the implementation of safeguards in their work area in a manner compatible with the information system for REDD+ safeguard implementation (SIS-REDD+). The formulation of principles. Within the context of social safeguards. whose livelihoods depend on forest resources. It is also important to formulate environmental safeguards through application of environmental principles and indicators in line with the needs of local people to ensure synergy among all concerned parties toward reducing emissions and securing biodiversity and other ecosystem functions of forests and peatlands. women. the application of principles.5. it is imperative to specifically design the social safeguards framework for the protection and benefit of vulnerable groups. including indigenous peoples and local communities living in and around forests. Safeguards Framework and Information System Preparing instruments for a safeguards framework is done to ensure a risk evaluation reference point for REDD+ activities. The following is the minimal framework for environmental safeguards criteria and indicators: 29 . and other societal groups. The formulation of criteria.REDD+ National Strategy . and political status put them in a weak position in terms of fulfilment of their human rights. and the impact of programs on vulnerable groups and the natural environment.3. financial accountability. and reporting. evaluation. and to facilitate the preparation of monitoring and control steps relating to program management. as well as the handling of risks within the framework of fiduciary safeguards.

Application of due diligence systems and procedures. b. and (vi) an equitable level of benefits. Procedures and information systems that assure acknowledgement of the right of the public to land and forests that accommodates not only formal legal recognition. f. b. 30 . 2. Guaranteeing the fulfilment of the principles of good governance and administrative functions that accommodate transparency and accountability to the public. Ensuring that conflict resolution mechanisms are in place should disputes arise in the future. information systems and mechanisms. (iii) get information. in the implementation of REDD+. along with a safeguards framework that ensures public access. but also indigenous law rights and historical claims. d. (v) have full rights to natural resources. (iv) object to or criticize public decisions relating to REDD+ projects. Assurance that rehabilitation is undertaken in the case of violation of sustainable environmental standards. (ii) participate.a. Guaranteeing that the application of the REDD+ scheme does not run counter to efforts to preserve biodiversity and ensure sustainable natural environment standards. FPIC procedures. but based on historical use. e. d. Assurance of gender equality and the right of vulnerable groups to participate equally in REDD+ implementation. c. as well as internal supervision. not only on the basis of documents. Procedures and systems to ensure the equitable distribution of benefits from REDD+. The REDD+ Agency applies evaluation procedures and safeguards on the basis of local values through the following: a. c. Acknowledgement and protection of the basic rights of indigenous peoples and local communities to: (i) state their opinions about whether they approve REDD+ activities in the areas in which they live. Formulation of evaluation procedures and implementation of safeguards. Procedures and systems of evaluation to ensure the preservation and sustainability of the natural environment in areas covered by REDD+. e.

Evaluation of the accountability of verification results relating to the distribution of benefits from the implementation of REDD+ activities among groups of men and women. d. Applicable regulations. Developed at national and sub-national levels as needed as as according to the preparedness of local regulators and implementers. components and flow and the provision of information within SIS-REDD+ will allow for integration and consistency with the MRV System. Accountability mechanisms related to methods and processes for collection of data on social and environmental conditions to support the formulation of REDD+ project policies and documents. Procedures and systems for conflict resolution and complaints handling. b. b. Facts and data set out in reports on the implementation of REDD+ policies or projects through to the evaluation phase. 3. recommended that this system is developed based on the following a. Transparency and accessibility to all parties. c. The development of an Information is a System of for REDD+ Safeguards It is Implementation considerations: (SIS-REDD+) mandate COP-16 UNFCCC. especially of the following: a. f. Lessons learned from sustainable forest management programs and other relevant environmental programs. e.Indonesia f.REDD+ National Strategy . Follow-up procedures in the case of material or non-material damages or losses to the public as a result of the implementation of REDD+. SIS-REDD+ management will be the responsibility of the agency coordinating the MRV Institution. 31 . The design. Fulfilment of the safeguards framework within REDD+ policies and REDD+ activity implementation. g. The inclusion of safeguard framework indicators into MRV instruments for periodic review. d. c.

Regional governments are among the parties with the potential to receive benefits from REDD+ projects if VER/CER can be achieved as a result of their policies and public sector investments. The first step is to clarify land rights status. 3.5. Community members will receive payments either individually or collectively in line with their roles played within the context of having rights over resources and provision of services. Benefit Sharing Strategies for the fair distribution of benefits are based on the following: 1. The next step is to identify the potential for loss of income for regions where REDD+ programs/projects/ activities are to be located. 2. Services/remuneration/benefits provided to individuals other than workers will be distributed by the implementers of REDD+ activities.4. 32 . The implementation of benefit payments to deserving parties will be done on the basis of performance evaluations and VER/CER measurement (results. Communities contributing to the achievement of Verified Emissions Reductions or Certified Emissions Reductions (VER/CER) in cases where land ownership and forest preservation is collective are not remunerated as individuals as would be the case with workers. Within this context. 4.or performance-based payments). it is necessary to identify the stakeholders who contribute to carbon absorption functions or the reduction of carbon emissions in regions in which REDD+ has project sites to ensure the proper distribution of service-based benefits. Members of communities that contribute to the achievement of VER/CER from REDD+ projects will also receive payments. Systems and mechanisms for benefit sharing must be transparent and accountable to prevent misallocation of benefits.2. however apply to people working as paid staff members for programs or projects. This does not apply.2. The provision of these ‘service-based’ benefits is collective when services are provided collectively. All parties with rights over the area of the REDD+ program/project/activity location have the right to payment.

the REDD+ Agency.CHAPTER 3 Directing the Implementation of REDD+ Strategies The REDD+ National Strategy will be implemented in phases and guided by the National REDD+ Action Plan and the National Business Plan for REDD+. 3. Within the framework of the implementation of the REDD+ National Strategy. both of which have been developed based on the REDD+ National Strategy. pilot-project provinces were selected in December 2010. 10/2011. establishment of institutions and for formulation of work programs. the REDD+ Funding Instrument. 33 . in line with the mandate set out in Presidential Instruction No. and the nationwide achievement of Tier-3 by the end of 2013. with verification for emissions reduction performance payments targeted to commence in the same year. Establishment of the REDD+ Agency. The REDD+ National Strategy and these two supporting documents function as core references for the formulation of the Provincial REDD+ Strategies and Action Plan. and procedures. Implementation Phases Three years will be required for planning. and the MRV Institution are priorities for 2012. First Pillar. The MRV Institution and systems are to be developed in phases. These three institutions are expected to implement the strategic programs required by the pilot-project provinces and to determine priorities for 2012 and 2013. policies. All three institutions are targeted to be functioning by January 2014. Overall implementation of the five pillar strategies was initiated at the beginning of 2012. and the moratorium on new permit issuance and policies was established with Presidential Instruction No. 61/2011. with the initial nationwide establishment of MRV Tier-2 at project sites. The implementation of the REDD+ National Strategy started in 2012. They will support the implementation of the Regional Action Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gasses (RAD-GRK) that is to be completed by provincial governments before September 2012.1.

Program Strategies. Based on experience in the pilot project provinces. the REDD+ Agency will assist in the development of technical expertise and resources. Fourth Pillar. legitimizing the standing of all stakeholders in relation to REDD+ policies and their implementation. and effectiveness of the implementation of laws. provincial governments and district governments. The implementation of this fifth pillar is meant to facilitate effective participation. REDD work units have been analysing the preparedness. These activities will continue in phases over a period of 3 to 5 years in line with REDD+ Agency work unit priorities. Starting at the beginning of 2012. Strengthening Legal and Regulatory Framework. as well as coordinating REDD+ projects. Public Participation. This reform must be undertaken immediately to ensure that all stakeholders involved with REDD+ activities understand the urgency and benefit of the implementation of REDD+. Public awareness of REDD+ must be expanded through educational processes. while recording the lessons learned from these activities. Work Paradigm and Culture Change. This will cover the development of institutional work mechanisms to strengthen relationships among the Central Government.Second Pillar. 34 . consistency. In the interim. Fifth Pillar. Program strategies are meant to create pre-conditions required to support REDD+ and to hasten the implementation of REDD+ pilot projects. The involvement of and communication with and among all stakeholders is crucial to the implementation of all four pillars. The REDD+ Agency will undertake public awareness campaigns aimed at creating changes in work culture within the bureaucratic structures involved in sector and regional development planning processes to ensure that they function effectively during public consultation processes. beginning in the selected pilot project provinces. Is expected to provide the motivating spirit for the simultaneous implementation of all of the above pillars. Third Pillar. as well as operational polices and regulations for REDD+ programs and projects. the REDD+ program will expand elsewhere in Indonesia in 2014. regulations and systems needed to support REDD+.

1. reclassification and land swaps ƒ Review and revise the legal framework relating to incentives for regions ƒ Accelerate the resolution of spatial planning ƒ Improve law enforcement for the prevention of corruption ƒ Strengthen forest governance. and independent MRV framework ƒ Establish moratorium on issuance of new permits ƒ Select pilot provinces ƒ Development of an Information System for REDD+ Safeguards Implementation (SIS-REDD+) Phase-2 2012-2014 ƒ Establish REDD+ Agency ƒ Establish and launch Funding Instrument ƒ Establish and launch MRV Institution and systems ƒ Launch first and second provincial pilot project programs (2011 and 2012) ƒ Develop capacity and work infrastructure ƒ Establish national and sub-national REL/ RL ƒ Strengthen the link between national and sub-national MRV. Funding Instrument. including issuance of permits and changes in land use ƒ Review the legal framework and incentives/disincentives for the private sector ƒ Establish a legal framework for the synchronization of data and spatial planning maps for permit issuance ƒ Review of permits and resolution of forest and land use conflicts ƒ Establish pre-conditions for effective legal framework ƒ Ensure enforcement of 2-year moratorium on new permits for forests and peatland concessions 35 . Phase-3 2014 and Onwards ƒ Full implementation of REDD+ system ƒ Continuation of emissions reduction program ƒ Provision of program for independent evaluation and verification ƒ Strengthen MRV system in line with UNFCCC standards ƒ Strengthen the REL/ RL based on UNFCCC reference level ƒ Make payments on the basis of Verified Emissions Reductions (VER) Legal Framework and Regulations ƒ Review and revise the legal framework for resolution of issues relating to land ownership.REDD+ National Strategy .Indonesia Table 3. Strategic Steps toward Effective Implementation of REDD+ REDD+ National Strategy Institutionalization and Processes IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE Phase-1 2011-2012 ƒ Formulate REDD+ National Strategy ƒ Develop REDD+ Agency.

36 . Sustainable Landscape Management ƒ Landscape/eco-region/multi-functional river catchment planning and management ƒ Establishment of improved governance system for the provision of permits after the end of the forest and peatland use permit moratorium ƒ Acceleration of the formation of Forest Management Units and their operation ƒ The prevention and handling of forests in forests and other land areas ƒ Strengthen Forest Resource Monitoring System and integrate with the MRV System ƒ Debottlenecking and finalize spatial planning in pilotproject provinces plus 8 prioritized provinces ƒ Setting of forest boundaries ƒ Completion of Spatial Organization in 8 other forested provinces ƒ Completion of Spatial Organization in all other provinces. ƒ Promotion of high value added downstream industries. ƒ Increased agricultural and plantation production. ƒ Mapping and acknowledgement of indigenous peoples’ territories and local communities ƒ The implementation of land swaps ƒ Specific identification and completion of preparations for land swaps 2. 3. ƒ Achievement of environmentally friendly mining practices. ƒ Restoration of forests and rehabilitation of peatlands. Conservation and Rehabilitation ƒ Establishing protected area function.IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE REDD+ National Strategy Phase-1 2011-2012 Phase-2 2012-2014 Phase-3 2014 and Onwards PROGRAM STRATEGIES 1. ƒ Prioritizing/facilitating the adoption of REDD+ and RAD/RAN GRK into the government’s planning documents. ƒ Ensuring the existence and strengthening of protected forests and peatlands. Economic System for the Sustainable Utilization of Natural Resources ƒ Development of sustainable local economies on the basis of sustainable forest management practices. ƒ Controlling conversion of forests and peatland.

Indonesia REDD+ National Strategy CHANGES TO WORK PARADIGM AND CULTURE IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE Phase-1 2011-2012 Phase-2 2012-2014 Phase-3 2014 and Onwards ƒ National campaign for REDD+ and “Save Indonesia’s Forests”. and international bodies) within the development of a system for the implementation of REDD+ at national and sub-national level. and transparent governance and governmental systems relating to economic programs and REDD+.1. Pilot Provinces The initial stages of REDD+ implementation will involve the selection and establishment of pilot provinces that will carry out trial REDD+ programs in order to ascertain which actions and activities should be replicated for application at the national level. Provincial Strategy and Action Plans for the implementation of REDD+ in various provinces will be formulated with reference to the REDD+ National Strategy and will be synchronized with Regional Medium Term Development Plans. Availability of data and capable human resources for the implementation of REDD+. Biophysical conditions fulfil requirements for the implementation of REDD+ (forests and peatland threatened with deforestation and degradation). ƒ Development of an “award and recognition” system in forest management. The selection of pilots was based on the following criteria: 1. ƒ Integration of REDD+ into Sustainable Development Education materials. private sector. 4. 37 .REDD+ National Strategy . non-governmental organizations. Socio-economic conditions (economic value of forest resources. indigenous/local peoples. ƒ Development of professional capacity relating to REDD+ and sustainable development. 3. public dependence on forest resources). 3.2. ƒ Interaction with various groups (regional government. MULTISTAKEHOLDER PARTICIPATION ƒ Communication relating to the thematic coordination of the REDD+ Agency’s relationships within the first 6 months after its establishment. ƒ The development of system for social and environmental safeguards. Effective. 2.2. ƒ Efforts toward equitable benefits sharing. efficient. Sub-National 3.

before the end of 2012. This can be done through attention to the sustainable preservation of landscape function as a support system for the entire natural environment. provincial plans are linked to local needs to ensure that conditions are conducive to the program. 3. All of this is expected to be completed in 2012.2. Implementation at Sub-National Level At the sub-national level. It is important to ensure that the various regional greenhouse gas reduction plans are consistent with REDD+ plans at the same government level. In order that the REDD+ National Strategy functions as the spearhead for synergizing the implementation of development nationally. especially as regards the impact on land-based industry sectors. Formulation of Action Plans The effective implementation of REDD+ in a synergistic manner requires national and regional level Medium Term Development Plans be linked with strategic planning by government institutions at both national and regional levels. it is necessary to formulate a National REDD+ Action Plan that is filled with programs based on the five pillars of the REDD+ National Strategy and the Provincial REDD+ Strategy and Action Plans. This will require consideration of REDD+ market conditions and the services of other environmental programs. economic. and local levels. and institutional solutions that could serve in incentive schemes to drive REDD+ implementation. provinces must expand on the development of a sustainable natural resource-based economy that is socially and environmentally viable. For the long term.3. This is mandated by Presidential Instruction 61/2011 stipulating that each province is required to formulate a Regional Action Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gasses.3. Formulation of Business Plan The appropriateness and benefits of the National Strategy and REDD+ Action Plan activities will vary at global. national. For that reason. it is necessary to find financial. the five pillars of the REDD+ National Strategy will inform the Provincial Strategy and Action Plan. and that all constraints that could limit the success of REDD+ are being addressed. 38 .2. The formulation of the National REDD+ Action Plan must be done in parallel with the formulation of the Provincial Strategy and Action Plans. 3.4. while also guaranteeing that a natural resource based economy is established to meet the needs of the people. In the short term.

Indonesia 3. clearer. The REDD+ Agency will coordinate within the scope of this legal framework.REDD+ National Strategy . 39 . Such a sustainable legal framework for the handling of climate change issues may be based on an interpretation of People’s Consultative Assembly Decree concerning the Reform of Agricultural and Natural Resource Management (No. Legal Basis The National Strategy has been formulated to function as an integral part of the existing legal framework. However. and harmonized with forest and peatland resource management. to ensure its implementation. IX/MPR/2001). it is necessary to undertake reform of the existing legal framework so that it becomes stronger.5.

open-mindedness. data and maps must be integrated. regulations. They must find the motivation to change so that Indonesia can successfully reform its land and forest resource management systems. improvements can only be achieved with a “business as unusual” approach – by building a new paradigm and establishing new institutions. This is a goal that goes far beyond merely producing carbon credits to assist in global climate change mitigation. The primary goal is to rehabilitate the integrity of ecosystem functions. relationships and governance systems. and sensitivity on the part of all parties. Procedures must be made more transparent. effective and influential thematic coordination must be applied among the various government institutions at central and regional government levels. 40 . mechanisms. including the social and economic functions of land and forests within the framework of Indonesia’s sustainable development. These reforms will require a commitment to the public interest. permitting systems need reform to ensure public accountability. Considering the current condition of government institutions and the position communities find themselves in.CHAPTER 4 Conclusion The National Strategy underlines the reality that successful implementation of REDD+ in Indonesia depends on governance reform in forest and peatland management.

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org . Indonesia Phone +62213500234. Veteran III No.Indonesian REDD+ Task Force Jl. +62212314147 Site office: Phone +622134835414 Fax. Jakarta 10110. +62213522703 Fax. 2.satgasreddplus. +622134835415 Website: www.org Email: info@satgasreddplus.