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National Strategy
Indonesian REDD+ Task Force June 2012

Citation: REDD+ National Strategy, REDD+ Task Force, Jakarta, Indonesia, June 2012.

National Strategy
Indonesian REDD+ Task Force June 2012



1.1. Background
REDD+ is a mechanism which provides an economic incentive to encourage developing countries to reduce carbon emissions through sustainable forest management. With more than 130 million hectares of forests covering 70 percent of its land area, Indonesia is a prime candidate to apply REDD+. It is in Indonesia’s interests to implement REDD+ programs to reduce substantial emissions from land use including forestry by significantly reducing the rate of deforestation and forest degradation. Indonesia also has an interest in participating in efforts to curb global warming because of its vulnerability to climate change impacts. REDD+ will be applied within the low carbon and green economy framework to ensure that efforts to mitigate land use-driven climate change are carried out in line with Indonesian policies and need for sustainable development. Indonesia is committed to reducing emissions by 26 percent from the ‘Business as Usual’ development scenario by 2020 through utilization of its own funds and without sacrificing development in other sectors, or by 41 percent with international assistance. The government expects to accomplish this while aiming for 7 percent annual economic growth. To fulfil this commitment, the government has issued Presidential Regulation 61/2011 concerning the National Action Plan for Reduction of Emissions of Greenhouse Gases and Presidential Regulation 71/2011 concerning the Implementation of a National Greenhouse Gases Inventory. REDD+ supports the achievement of these targets through management of forests, peatlands, and agricultural areas.

1.2. Purpose of the Formulation of the REDD+ National Strategy
The REDD+ National Strategy has been formulated with the following intent: 1. To prepare an effective institutional system to implement the REDD+ program;

2. To provide a basis and direction for integrated governance and regulatory systems to ensure the implementation of the REDD+ scheme;


Chapter 4 emphasizes the need for a stage-by-stage approach to the implementation of REDD+. and 4. and the provision of ecosystem services that include the conservation and accumulation of carbon stocks. development of work support facilities.REDD+ National Strategy . mission.Indonesia 3. purpose and scope of implementation of REDD+ in Indonesia and its harmonization within the various government plans for handling climate change. which consists of: (1) Vision. Provide a reference for the expansion of investment in the utilization of forests and peatlands for the production of forest and/or agricultural commodities. 1. REDD+ National Strategy Document Structure Chapter 2 details the REDD+ National Strategy. and (2) The REDD+ National Strategy Framework and its five pillars: (i) Development of a REDD+ institutional system. (iii) Launching of strategic programs. with REDD+ not only being applied for the purpose of mitigating climate change while benefiting from the reduction of carbon emissions.3. and (v) Multi-stakeholder participation. and will be accomplished through the following phases: design. learning. but also improving the overall governance of forests in order to sustain ecosystem services including biodiversity and hydrological systems. Chapter 3 provides directions for the implementation of REDD+ strategies by the three new institutions that will be established: The REDD+ Agency. 3 . establishment of institutions. and capacity building. Full implementation of REDD+ is expected in Indonesia in 2014. the REDD+ Funding Instrument. Reporting and Verification (MRV) Institution. The overall development of REDD+ support systems mandated under this National Strategy is expected to take 2-3 years. Develop systematic and consolidated processes and approaches to save Indonesia’s natural forests and the flora and fauna within them. (iv) Shifts in paradigms and work culture. The implementation of REDD+ in pilot provinces is detailed in Chapter 3. (ii) Review and strengthening of policies and regulations. and the REDD+ Measurement.

REDD+ framework and pillars.CHAPTER 2 REDD+ National Strategy Indonesia’s REDD+ National Strategy consists of: 1. within this context and understanding. in order to fulfil Indonesia’s commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while maintaining economic growth. Mission To achieve the vision of sustainable management of natural forests and peatlands through an effective governance system by: 1. 2. Medium-term Goal (2012-2020): The implementation of governance systems in line with policies and procedures developed by forest and peatland 1 Natural resources. 2. Short-term Goal (2012-2014): The strategic improvement of institutions and governance systems.1. Improving laws and regulations and strengthening law enforcement. 2. Enhancing the functioning of forest and peatland management institutions. are defined as earth. Goals. as well as of spatial plans and the investment climate. 2. Mission. Goals 1. Scope and Relationship of REDD+ to Other Programs Vision Sustainable management of natural forests and peatlands as national natural resource1 assets to maximize the prosperity of the people. 4 . mission. Vision. Vision. 3. Improving the capacity to manage forest and peatland resources. scope and the relationship of REDD+ to government programs. purpose. water and air as stipulated in Section 33 of the Indonesian Constitution.

efficiency. Improvement of local people’s welfare b. the criteria for which are as follows: 1.REDD+ National Strategy . 5. Fairness: REDD+ is implemented on the basis of the principles of equality for all and human rights protection in forest management. Transparency: REDD+ activities are undertaken transparently to enable full understanding and opportunity for stakeholders to participate.Indonesia management institutions. funding. and results obtained. 3. The creation of additional benefits along with reduced emissions: a. Rehabilitation and restoration of damaged areas 4. Improved preservation of biodiversity c. fairness. 3. Improved protection for other ecosystem services 5 . transparency and accountability. Scope REDD+ programs in Indonesia include the following activities: 1. Decreasing emissions from forest and/or peatland degradation 3. 4. 2. Effectiveness: REDD+ activities in Indonesia reduce emissions and result in additional real and measurable benefits. and their application to the spatial and financial mechanisms developed and established in the previous phase. Accountability: REDD+ implementation is fully accountable to the people of Indonesia and the international community in terms of relevance. Preserving and accumulating carbon stocks through: a. Forest conservation b. including for women and communities vulnerable to socio-economic and environmental change. Efficiency: REDD+ programs in Indonesia constitute long-term activities that result in optimal financial. Long-term Goal (2012-2030): Indonesia’s forests and land areas become a net carbon sink by 2030 as a result of the implementation of appropriate policies for sustaining economic and ecosystem service functions of forests. process. to achieve the targeted 26-41 percent reduction in emissions by 2020. ecological. and social benefits. Sustainable forest management c. Decreasing emissions from deforestation 2. Principles REDD+ implementation in Indonesia is based on five principles: effectiveness.

Among these laws are: Law 26/2007 concerning Spatial Planning. For that reason. Every REDD+ activity/project/program will be required to measure its performance in all relevant categories of benefits mentioned above. This includes the mainstreaming of REDD+ into the national and sub-national development programs. To implement REDD+ effectively it is necessary to create conditions conducive to reforming governance and management systems in all land-based sectors.In line with Forestry Law 41/2009 sections 1(b) and 1(c). Relationships Between REDD+ and Other Programs Existing national climate change programs are based on a number of laws and regulations pertaining to spatial planning. it served as a reference for the formulation of the National Action Plan for Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the REDD+ National Strategy. regulations and policies and on the performance of all land-use sectors. Although the overall framework of climate change policy relies on the three laws mentioned above. At the national level. and is influenced by other laws. Law 41/1999 on Forestry. and Presidential Regulation 71/2011 concerning the Inventory of Greenhouse Gases. Law 32/2009 on the Protection and Management of the Environment. peatlands and overall land utilization in Indonesia. These regulations mandate the identification of climate change issues and the development of preventative programs for integration into National/ Regional Medium-Term Development Plans. forestry and environment. as well as the actual governance and management of forests. The formulation and publication of the Indonesian Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap (ICCSR) has taken into account the results of international level negotiations through the UNFCCC. the REDD+ National Strategy carries with it the mandate to upgrade and harmonize existing laws and regulations as well as sector and non-sector institutions involved in governance and management of forests and other land-based resources. REDD+ implementation cannot stand alone. Presidential Regulation 61/2011 on the National Action Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. The REDD+ National Strategy needs 6 . Within this context. the REDD+ strategic plan was developed to serve as the government’s main reference to implement forestry and land use climate change policy. the REDD+ scheme will be implemented in forested lands (including mangroves and peatlands) designated as forest areas or land designated as “other use” areas. The REDD+ National Strategy was developed with a thorough understanding of sector and non-sector regulations that have implications on forest and land management. for reporting and verification by an independent institution.

These inter-related pillars have been designed in such a way as to facilitate the achievement of the REDD+ strategic goals. non-governmental organizations. 2. (ii) an increase in carbon stocks. Regarding REDD+ in particular. indigenous and local peoples. Land-use Change. REDD+ National Strategy Framework with Five Main Pillars 7 . At the regional/provincial level. (iii) improvement the preservation of biodiversity. the REDD+ National Strategy and National Greenhouse Action Plan are further elaborated into the Strategy and Action Plan for the Regional Implementation of REDD+.1. 1 Institutions and Processes 2 Legal and Regulatory Frameworks • • • REDD+ Agency Funding Instrument MRV Institution • Measurement • Reporting • Verification • • • • • Review land rights and accelerate spatial planning Improve law enforcement and prevent corruption Enforce 2 year moratorium on issuance of new permits for the exploitation of forests and peatlands Improve data and permit issuance systems for forests and peatlands Provide incentives for the private sector 3 a Conservation & rehabilitation • • • • • • • • • • Establish protected area function Control conversion of forests and peatlands Restore forests and rehabilitate peatlands Increase agricultural and plantation productivity Manage forests sustainably Control conversion of productive land to open-cut mining Prevent and control fires in forests and peatlands Promotion of value added downstream industries Expansion of sustainable alternative livelihoods Management of multi-function landscapes Strategic Programs b Sustainable agriculture. private sector. REDD+ National Strategy Framework and Pillars The strategic framework for REDD+ has been developed to facilitate the achievement of the following long-term goals: (i) a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions originating from Land Use. which is to be adopted into Regional Government Work Plans and Regional Budgets. regional and local governments. and Forestry (LULUCF).REDD+ National Strategy .Indonesia to be elaborated into the National REDD+ Action Plan for adoption into the Government Work Plan and inclusion into the State Budget to ensure allocation of funds for the implementation of REDD+.1. international community) Develop social and environmental safeguards Ensure equitable benefit sharing Economic growth Graphic 2. forestry & mining Sustainable management of landscapes     Emissions reduction Increased carbon stocks c 4 Changes to Work Paradigm and Culture • • • Strengthening of forests and land use governance Empowerment of local economies using sustainability principles National “Save Indonesia’s Forests” campaign Conservation & maintenance of biodiversity 5 Inclusion/ Involvement of Stakeholders • • • Facilitate interaction with and among stakeholders (national. The REDD+ program framework consists of five strategic pillars as illustrated in Graphic 2.2. and (iv) an increase in the value and sustainability of the forest’s economic functions. the National Greenhouse Action Plan is interpreted through Regional Greenhouse Action Plans.

National REDD+ Agency The national REDD+ Agency will be established by an act of law and will report and be directly accountable to the President. a REDD+ Funding Instrument. The requirements for registration of REDD+ programs/projects/activities are based on principles determined by the national REDD+ Agency and must be in line with local policy and custom. developed from the REDD+ National Strategy. At the Sub-National Level.1. (ii) assurance of the effectiveness of REDD+ funding. Data and information collected locally on developments in REDD+ program activities and projects will inform the national REDD+ Agency. Districts also can establish REDD+ institutions to consistently and efficiently coordinate all aspects of district-level REDD+ activities and report results to the provincial level. Groups and bodies as diverse as business entities.2. 8 .2. and community groups can function as implementers. and accountability in all REDD+ implementation activities. local government institutions. each provincial government may create a REDD+ Institution to organize and implement its Regional REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan. Development of an Institutional System for REDD+ The institutional system for REDD+ is based on the following principles: good governance. inclusiveness by ensuring the participation of all stakeholders.1. reporting and verification of emissions reductions. Undertake governance at the national level and coordinate all REDD+ activities in Indonesia. referred to as the REDD+ MRV Institution. The implementers of REDD+ Programs/Projects/Activities are organizations which have fulfilled specific criteria and procedures to register and implement REDD+ activities with the national REDD+ Agency upon the recommendation of a sub-national REDD+ institution. Regional REDD+ Agencies will coordinate the following thematic activities: (i) measurement. The REDD+ Agency will be established for the following purposes: 1.2. and (iii) periodic reporting on developments in regional programs/ projects/activities to the national REDD+ Agency. Three institutions have been formed at the national level: a REDD+ Agency. civil society organizations. cost efficiency in achieving goals. and an agency for coordination. verification and reporting. It will led by an Agency Head whose position will be equal to that of a government minister.1. measurement. 2.

c. verification and certification of emissions reduction. Facilitating the development of the REDD+ program. The REDD+ Agency will be the designated national authority for: a. 3. legalizing regulatory measures relating to measurement. preserving and increasing carbon stocks as well as overseeing implementation. Preparing the regulatory framework for the implementation of the REDD+ scheme.Indonesia 2. g. Accelerating improvements in governance over forests and peatlands. REDD+ Agency Mandate The REDD+ Agency will be mandated to carry out strategic functions within a thematic coordination framework oriented towards influencing existing operational and coordination processes among various ministries and related institutions at national. establishing a Safeguard Committee as well as legalizing and coordinating the implementation of a REDD+ integrity system involving safeguards and audits in the fields of finance. sub-national and local levels. Oversee and accelerate improvements in forest and peatlands governance in order to reduce the rate of deforestation and degradation. e. 1. h. Ensure effective funding services and fair benefit distribution for parties running REDD+ programs/projects/activities in accordance with the integrity requirements for REDD+ implementation systems. Facilitating the formation of a REDD+ MRV Institution. Facilitating capacity building to ensure fair and equitable distribution of benefits from the REDD+ program. b. social interaction and the environment. Facilitating the formation of a REDD+ Funding Instrument and setting out criteria for performance-based payments. Facilitating the formation of a framework and information system for REDD+ safeguards implementation (SIS-REDD+).REDD+ National Strategy . Controlling trade in avoided carbon emissions from the REDD+ program f. reporting. 9 . d.

when necessary. especially regarding. land use. Formulating plans and coordinating law enforcement for protection of forests and peatland. but not limited to. undertaking institutional capacity building. 2011. Coordinating and synchronizing policies and programs among central government institutions/sectors. b.2. The REDD+ Agency should ensure the effectiveness of thematic coordination among various ministries/institutions and between national and local governments. 10/2011 concerning the Moratorium on the Provision of New Permits and Improvement of Primary Forests and Peatland Governance that went into effect on May 20. in the following ways: 10 . matters relating to spatial planning and land use permitting. This can be achieved through: a. recommend revisions to the various existing funds transfer mechanisms from the central to regional governments. but not limited to. and between the central and regional governments. c. and the preparation of operational infrastructure necessary for REDD+ activities. d. especially regarding. Coordinating efforts to re-align incentive systems to ensure synergy among the REDD+ policies/programs of the central and regional governments. and slash-and-burn land clearing. to a lesser degree. and fulfilment of preconditions for the implementation of REDD+. The REDD+ Agency should effectively facilitate strategic communication and the involvement of all stakeholders both in Indonesia and abroad. The REDD+ Agency will also support. illegal logging. Coordinating the implementation of Presidential Instruction No. preparations for the implementation of the REDD+ program in provinces in which there are forests with adequate potential for the implementation of the REDD+ program. It should also coordinate the search for resources and troubleshoot and remove bottlenecks due to division of authority among ministries and institutions. provision of funds. e. 3. Coordinating the implementation of various forms of authority bestowed upon the regional REDD+ agencies in line with their readiness and capacities. Coordinating and supporting the implementation of provincial REDD+ pilot programs by facilitating the development of Provincial Strategy and Action Plans. In addition. human resource development. The REDD+ Agency also will coordinate review processes and. f.

planning and implementation mandate. The Funding Instrument will work with a variety of potential sources and a wide variety of users. supervisors and functionaries. industry. To support the development of REDD+ activities in line with their potential to reduce emissions from forests and peatlands. including its directors. To facilitate the efficient distribution of funds and to ensure the fair distribution of benefits from REDD+ activities. 3.1. An Implementing function which carries out the previously determined 2. 2. community groups. Developing and implementing effective communication systems to develop productive work relationships with both domestic and foreign stakeholders. To provide an internationally credible funds disbursement mechanism acceptable to potential donors and investors interested in facilitating or benefiting from REDD+ activities. The directors are drawn from civil servants and other professionals with appropriate qualifications. A supervisory function that involves monitoring the implementation of REDD+ programs. REDD+ Agency Governance The REDD+ Agency will carry out a number of different. 3. functions.2. and 11 . 2. This instrument serves the following purposes: 1. Funding Instrument The formulation of the REDD+ Funding Instrument will be facilitated by the REDD+ Agency. Coordinating the development of Indonesia’s REDD+ policies and positions in preparation for interaction with international fora. and be managed with a multi-stakeholder approach. b. will be made up of representatives from government ministries and institutions. indigenous peoples’ organizations. A steering function involving REDD+ policies. civil society organizations. The membership of the REDD+ Agency. yet mutually supportive. including maintaining relationships and good communication and participation in international negotiations.Indonesia a.2. and relevant academic institutions.REDD+ National Strategy . including: 1.

professionally and credibly outside of the state budget system based on globally accepted safeguards and accountability standards. To support REDD+ Agency coordination of its mandated functions and REDD+ activities.4. 2. To remunerate regional governments. 3. To ensure adherence to the three key safeguards aspects: fiduciary. communities and other groups for their efforts and performance in developing conditions that enable emissions reduction in their areas through both strategic activities and/or the formulation of supportive policies. professional fund raising. the development of infrastructure (such as large scale peatlands drainage canal blocking) or other activities that contribute to the effort to reduce emissions and/or facilitate the implementation of REDD+ projects. b. Any public funds from the State Budget or Government to Government disbursements are managed using the on-budget. or listed under the Trust Fund mechanism of the State Budget. Funding may also be sought through various carbon trading instruments. the REDD+ Funding Instrument will be given the following mandate: 1. Fund mobilization planning in support of REDD+ may also be done through the expansion of access to the carbon market and other funding sources as discussed in the Business Plan under the REDD+ National Strategy. To purchase inputs for development of phased REDD+ program/projects/ activities that both directly and indirectly result in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. off-treasury approach. NGOs. d. To fund investment pre-condition activities (for example: completion of spatial planning or provincial level timber legality verification implementation). Manage REDD+ funds independently. To support implementation of the REDD+ National Strategy. c. Mobilization of funds from public and private sector sources through systematic. 12 . To prepare funding mechanisms: a. commodities markets and through financial and capital markets. programmed. e. social and environmental integrity. Funding Instrument Mandate In order to operate effectively.

and that it is implemented before approval is granted for REDD+ programs/projects. To provide incentives for the fulfilment of specific compliance levels in relation to government policies. social or environmental. Reporting and Verification (MRV) Institution MRV is a series of evaluation activities involving measurement. REDD+ Measurement. To support human resource and institutional capacity building that directly benefits and supports REDD+ activities. carried out periodically in relation to REDD+ activities.2.3. REDD+ Funding Instrument financial reports and the audit report for the REDD+ Agency will be published and available to the public. 5. Ensure there is a protocol for fiduciary safeguards.REDD+ National Strategy . REDD+ Funding Instrument Accountability Mechanism In order to maintain the credibility of the REDD+ Funding Instrument. The Chairman of the REDD+ Agency will forward reports to the Minister of Finance for the purpose of accountability for the funds received through the National Budget and/or grants in which are recorded as State Revenue. 6. reporting and verification of emissions reductions achieved and the amount of carbon stocks preserved or increased. 4. The results of MRV provide the basis for determining remuneration by the REDD+ Funding Instrument for the successful implementation of REDD+ activities. i. Confirmation of the implementation and fulfilment of the safeguards framework requirements. at the program/project/activity level. To remunerate the performance of registered implementers of REDD+ activities/projects/programs for their verified successful reduction of emissions.1. such as the approval of Regional Spatial Plans (RTRW) by the House of Representatives. h.Indonesia f. Harmonization of procedures for the implementation of funding and disbursement of payments before Indonesia enters the full REDD+ National Strategy implementation phase. whether fiduciary. 2. To manage matching funds in connection with REDD+ investment commitments by regional governments and private sector investors. an accountability mechanism must in place to ensure maximum operational transparency. 13 . Independent financial audits will be carried out periodically by one of the five best international audit institutions. g. before funds are delivered.

The MRV Institution operates independently under the coordination of the REDD+ Agency. To take advantage of potential voluntary carbon market development. standards. Goals and Principles of the MRV System The goal of the MRV system will be to support the implementation of REDD+ through measurement mechanisms and performance reports on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by implementers of REDD+ activities. Once this verification is done for the purpose of certification by an accredited emissions reduction certification institution. Consistent: The establishment of a Reference Emissions Level (REL) becomes the baseline measure for the degree of success of REDD+. leaves) or below (roots) the surface of the earth. The MRV Institution will be set up on the basis of the following principles to ensure that it is a trustworthy body of high integrity: 1. This independent third party verification process will result in the issuance of a Verified Emissions Reduction (VER) acknowledgement. the verification process will result in ‘verified national level emission reduction’ and ‘verified sub-national level emission reduction’. reporting. the VER as well as the CER.The formation of the MRV Institution will be facilitated by the REDD+ Agency. manure. Under this approach. as well as through independent verification mechanisms in line with UNFCCC’s development of methodologies and modalities. as well as in biomass that is defined as part and parcel of the whole (necromass. 3. The MRV Institution will be established to develop policies. whether above (trunks. as well as to coordinate MRV activities. 14 . branches. Accurate: The accuracy of data is an important element in measuring effectiveness of efforts to reduce emissions. For that reason. the Certified Emissions Reduction (CER) document will be issued. constitute the basis for the disbursement of performance payment for the financial benefit of those carrying out REDD+ programs and activities. the MRV Institution ensures the availability of consistent methodology that is applicable at all REDD+ activity locations at any given time. and work mechanisms for measurement. Complete: Adequate information covering carbon stocks in all ecosystem components. and verification that are in compliance with UNFCCC decisions and approved by the REDD+ Agency. 2. peat). The verified national or sub-national level emission reductions. a verification mechanisms applied by accredited independent third parties will be instituted in due course.

3. Integrate the measurement framework into a safeguard for evaluation of social and environmental security performance. 15 . Comparable: Measurement results can be compared over time for the various phases of activities of the same type. Transparent: The MRV Institution will ensure transparency and publication of the methodology and results of measurement of emissions reduction. Integrate a Forest Resource Monitoring System into the MRV System to ensure data accuracy on the changes of forest land use and its impact on carbon stocks and other ecosystem functions. Function as a registry and clearing-house for the management and processing of related geographic and other data for access by stakeholders. validation and verification of GHG calculations carried out at various levels from local sites to sub-national and national levels. 8. harmonization. the MRV Institution will undertake the following mandates: 1. 6. 7. 6. The system will be developed in line with UNFCCC decisions and IPCC guidelines. Develop mechanisms for reporting to relevant national and international institutions and market players. The GHG inventory will cover all relevant emissions and removals from within the country boundary. 2. Compile all GHG inventory for Indonesia’s forests and peatlands over all domains of REDD+ activities at the national level.Indonesia 4. 4. Synergize the MRV system with the information system for REDD+ safeguard implementation (SIS-REDD+). 5. Formulate policies. MRV Institution Mandate Nationally. standards and various mechanisms related to MRV activities with the approval of the REDD+ Agency. Develop capacity in measurement and reporting (M+R) among the implementers of REDD+ activities (for the purpose of internal quality control in the effort to reduce emissions). These include coordination. 9. Provide information on the results of verification of emissions reduction for any given phase of REDD+ activities to funding institutions responsible for disbursing performance-based payments. 5.REDD+ National Strategy . Independent: Emissions reduction verification and certification institutions are accredited on the basis of specific criteria and requirements.

3. MRV System Development Phase The MRV System for REDD+ will need to ensure best practices by meeting international state of the art MRV standards through the following stages: 1.2. regulations. the Funding Instrument and the MRV Institution 1. By the end of 2014. 2.4. 2. The REDD+ Agency’s relationship with the Funding Instrument: The REDD+ Agency determines the priorities. (b) The Funding Instrument cooperates with the MRV Institution to develop evaluation protocols for social and environmental safeguards. By the end of 2013. a country-wide system will have been set in place to achieve Tier 3 MRV realization of VER at all project sites and IPCC Tier 2 at all landscape areas to fulfil all sub-national level needs. Build coordinative capacity among MRV implementers in Regional REDD+ Agencies. The Funding Instrument’s relationship with the MRV Institution: (a) The MRV Institution provides verification results for emissions reduction from any given REDD+ activity to the Funding Instrument for performance-based payment. and standards for measurement and reporting. The REDD+ Agency’s relationship with the MRV Institution: The REDD+ Agency establishes policies.10. and policies for funds management. The REDD+ Agency’s relationship with both the Funding Instrument and the MRV Institution: The REDD+ Agency has the authority to control the Funding Instrument and the MRV Institution effectively. 16 . 4. a national level MRV system will deliver results confirming to IPCC Tier 2 or better. as well as setting policies concerning independent third-party verification. Relationship Between the REDD+ Agency. strategies. 2. Indonesia will be ready and able to implement IPCC Tier 2 MRV (project sites and landscape areas) to meet sub-national needs in pilot and priority provinces. transparently.1. 3. and accountably. By the end of 2014.

Land Use Spatial Planning Reform of spatial planning will be undertaken through: 1. the revision of regulations on Forestry and Spatial Planning. socio-economic. biophysical.2. as well as law enforcement. the REDD+ Agency has been mandated to set up a ‘climate-friendly’ legal framework. Strengthening the authority and function of the National Spatial Planning Coordination Board (BKPRN) through revision of Presidential Decision No. These steps toward the review and perfecting of policies and regulations include. the implementation of REDD+ and overall improvements to forest and land use governance will have a solid legal basis.REDD+ National Strategy . and implementation of the various strategies for policy strengthening. currently one of the items on the government’s 2010-2014 legislative program.1. 2. Researching permit processes. Accelerating the implementation of Law No. IX/MPR/2001 concerning the Reformation of Agrarian Affairs and Natural Resource Management.2. harmonization. efficient and sustainable implementation of the REDD+ scheme requires a strong legal foundation. A number of other steps will be taken simultaneously to resolve various underlying issues discussed below. 2.2.2.Indonesia 2. Policies and Regulations Reviewed and Strengthened Effective. including revised policies and regulations. but are not limited to. In this way. The legal framework thus formulated will then function as the basis for evaluation. 4/2011 on Geo-Spatial Information in connection with the mandate to integrate mapping through the creation of a master map for all types of permits covering forested areas by all Ministries and institutions with authority to recommend or issue land use permits. and following up on the findings through: 17 . and cultural considerations. This framework will function as a more detailed manifestation of the People’s Consultative Assembly Decision No. the resolution of conflicts and technical issues in the field. ecological. This strengthening is meant to synchronize data and information in order to plan forestry and other land uses based on judicial. polices and regulations with reference to a creating a legal framework for dealing with climate change and for resolving land use conflicts. Reform of regulations and policies on natural resources management will be further facilitated when the House of Representatives enacts the draft Natural Resources Management law. These reforms are required for spatial planning. For this reason. the improvement of permit issuance systems. restructuring of land use and property rights. 3. 4/2009 on the BKPRN.

Prior. Support the National Land Agency to resolve land tenure disputes using existing statutory out-of-court settlement mechanisms. Developing transparent. Certainty of land tenure will be pursued through: 1. Accelerating the formulation of a draft regulation on Environmental Inventorying. 2. Taking steps to enforce the law (administrative. and the undertaking of strategic environmental research as mandated in Law No.2.a. Environment Protection and Management Planning. civil and criminal) in cases where a review of the issuance of permits indicates violations have occurred. 26/2007 concerning Spatial Planning. Harmonization and revision of natural resources management regulations and policies to ensure the principle and processes of Free. 32/2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management.2. Management of Forests and Peatlands The main prerequisite for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from forests and peatlands is the guarantee of sustainable and systematic land use management. especially in the development of small and medium scale enterprises by local communities. Law enforcement is to be undertaken in line with Law No.2. Land tenure reform is an important prerequisite to create the conditions required for successful implementation of REDD+. Law No. Law No.2.3. as well as simplifying regulations and administrative procedures to achieve efficient public service and a climate conducive to investment. 1/1999 concerning Corruption. b. 32/2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management. 2. 4. Land Tenure Reform The people have a constitutional right to certainty over boundaries and management rights for natural resources. as well as other related regulations. Eco-region Divisions. and Informed Consent (FPIC) are internalized in the issuance of all permits for the exploitation of natural resources. accountable and integrated systems for issuing land use permits. 2. Instruction by the Government to the Home Affairs Ministry and the National Land Agency to implement a survey of land occupied by indigenous peoples and other communities. 18 .2. 3.

legislature. Further. 2. Capacity strengthening for prosecutors and police working under the One Roof Enforcement System. whose members are selected on the basis of integrity and adequate knowledge of the sustainable development paradigm. 2. 3. 19 . 4.2.Indonesia Land use management must use an ecosystem approach. Implementation of a verification system for timber legality certification and sustainable forest management certification. Accelerate the formation of forest and land use management institutions at the field level (Forest Management Unit. including training for verification institutions and auditors. unfettered by administrative boundaries. Increase the role of and improve the third-party performance evaluation system for permit holders through intensive policies. including its application to the forestry sector. This includes facilitating land swaps for forested/peatland areas which are currently under licence for forestry or other land uses. Coordinate all stakeholders to review and harmonize policies and regulations concerning the management and rehabilitation of forests and peatland in designated forest and “other use” areas. such as those applied in the certification of sustainable forest management. it will be necessary to establish a legal framework for the transition to management by Forest Management Units including benefit sharing and issuance of forestry permits. Prepare mechanisms and regulations for reclassifying forested land and/ or peatland outside of designated forest areas.REDD+ National Strategy . Forest Monitoring and Law Enforcement Firm and consistent law enforcement (including for officers of the executive. peatlands and “other use” areas through: 1.4. to operate both within and outside of designated “forest areas”. as permanent forests. The following reforms are necessary to achieve this: 1. which have the potential to become REDD+ locations. KPH) and similar organisations for management of peatlands. 3. and judiciary) in the case of improper issuance of permits for exploitation of forests.2. Formation of a special Green Bench of judges for adjudicating environmental cases including forestry issues. 2.

To specifically identify the potential for reclassification or land swaps between damaged forests and peatlands located in designated forest areas for forests and peatlands in good condition but which are now under land use permits allowing their destruction.2. c. This two-year moratorium may be extended if deemed necessary. from planning to implementation and evaluation. and harmonize with regional spatial plans. b. d. Saving the most threatened forests a. and map all permits for the exploitation of forest and peatland areas within the boundaries of territories classified as forest or “other use” areas to ascertain their land use status under the law and to identify all claims over any given tract of land. During the moratorium period. through the improving management of forests and peatlands. Involve local communities in all processes. reporting and verification needs. b. Conflict Resolution a. Identify. Reclassification of the status and borders of forested areas. the President issued a moratorium on new permits over forest and peatland areas. 10/2011). Optimize enforcement of all laws and regulations pertaining to any exisiting permits suspected to have been improperly granted. throughout the new permit moratorium period. Improve permit issuance governance to make it more transparent and accountable. Prioritize conservation based on local customs and practices. c. 2011. The purpose of this moratorium is to harmonize national economic development with efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from land-based sectors. 3.5. also instructing that forest governance be improved (Presidential Instruction No.2. the following steps are to be taken: 1. 2. Inventorying degraded areas and setting up a database to meet monitoring. b.2. research. Two-Year Moratorium on New Deforestation Permits On May 20. Permit Consolidation a. Formulate alternative models for natural resource related conflict resolution based on the fulfilment of human rights as stipulated in 20 .

Strategic Programs Strategic programs are oriented toward improving the effectiveness of sustainable landscape management. Acceleration/debottlenecking of processes to delineate forest areas as a precondition for the effective formation of Forest Management Units. 2. This approach is applied through: 1. The implementation of program strategies also requires changes in work paradigms and culture. 2. Based on the REDD+ National Strategy illustrated in Graphic 2. 2. and conservation and land rehabilitation. and mining sectors in particular. involving the industrial.1. is to direct the existing economic system toward the development of a green economy that will result in low levels of carbon emissions.3. agro-forestry. the conditions conducive to these three programs are integral elements of the implementation of REDD+ program strategies. Acceleration/debottlenecking of the formation of units for the management of forests and peatland in designated forest areas and designated “other use” areas to ensure effective management regimes in the field. Sustainable Landscape Management This approach is based on an integrated cross-sector landscape management system and long-term interests. the implementation of economic systems based on the sustainable use of natural resources.Indonesia international human rights conventions and national legal instruments that have adopted human rights principles. Effectively take advantage of every opportunity to resolve conflicts through the application of local customs and practices. as well as toward changes in the pre-conditions that enable these three things.. along with establishing a conflict resolution team with representatives from various sectors and independent parties.3. The purpose of multi-sector integration.1. agricultural. d. c.REDD+ National Strategy . Formulate regulations that require non-government institutions (including Forest Management Units run by State-Owned Enterprises) to formulate standard operational procedures which incorporate principles of inclusiveness through FPIC and other human rights standards. This acceleration 21 . 3. forestry. and as a sign of respect towards parties with rights to land.2. Acceleration/debottlenecking of provincial land use spatial plans.2. as well as the involvement of various parties.

Implementation of an Economy Based on Sustainable Natural Resource Management This strategy is based on best practices in the management of land for farming. including punitive measures for the violation of policies. expanded job opportunities. plantations. silviculture and mining. There should be capacity building oriented toward local technologies and the five core capital elements: physical environment. 7. Reactive measures must be supported by adequate capacity to handle and control forest fires. Incentives that encourage best practices should also be introduced.must be supported intensively by the development of an education and training system and by identification of funding sources and incentives for Forest Management Units and Regional Governments. including eco-regions and river catchments. biodiversity and other ecosystem services. The fire prevention program must be supported by a system of disincentives. The application of best practice principles is meant to increase the productivity of land without increasing emissions or the risk of other environmental damage. 2. Preventive rather than reactive handling and control of wildfires. 4. Policies must be formulated to discourage or ban the slash and burn approach to clearing land for farming. financial systems. carbon stocks. while ensuring adequate benefits from the exploitation of natural resources without expanding the size of cultivated areas. plantations. along with the setting of measurable targets. Preventive measures to curb the occurrence of forest fires include fire detection and early warning systems. and the development of infrastructure.3. as well as mechanisms for the involvement of various parties. production forest planting. access to natural resources.2. Cross-sector programs must be harmonized. Management of landscapes. and social conditions that are conducive to sustainable development. skilled human resources. Development of sustainable local economies based on alternative livelihoods. 5. The Forest Resource Monitoring System needs to be enhanced to support the dynamics of information shift related to the changes of forest land use as well as its impact on timber and non-timber resources. in line with the formation of institutions and their working procedures. 6. regulations and laws. 22 . and the management of forests by local communities. Strengthen the Forest Resource Monitoring System and ensure its integration with the national REDD+ MRV system. must be done through integrated planning for the utilization or development of land that references both ecosystems and administrative borders.2.

3. The implementation of sustainable forest management Sustainable Forest Management by various parties is encouraged not only in relation to natural forests and large-scale commercial forests. This requires legal certainty of the status and function of forested areas and the rapid resolution of any violations of regulations covering the utilization of forests. and the expansion of efficient trade chains. the adoption of sustainable plantation standards such as Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). 2. and public forests. increased effectiveness of reclamation activities. as well as the designation of mining-free zones. Promotion of high value-added downstream industries The increased presence of high value-added downstream industries can be encouraged by prioritizing local investment in natural resource based activities. the development of small industry technologies.Indonesia This can be accomplished through: 1. 23 . The development of lower emissions mining can be encouraged through laws. village plantations. and the application of extractive industry standards. For this reason. the imposition of quotas on large-scale plantations. in particular the intensification of community plantations run by local farmers. the productivity of oil palm plantations. and the development of incentive mechanisms. regulations. The provision of incentives as well as the application of the Verification System for Timber Legality Certification and Sustainable Forest Management certification supports the widespread adoption of Sustainable Forest Management. Control of damage from mining Damage to land can be mitigated and reduced through the proper technology for exploration and mining. but also timber areas cultivated by local communities. requires special attention. 4.REDD+ National Strategy . Sustainable Forest Management is achieved through a fair balance between economic and ecological benefits. Increased agricultural and plantation productivity The productivity levels of farmland and plantations determine the welfare of communities near forests and conservation areas. which account for the largest segment of the plantations sector. and the improvement of mining permit management. communal forests. expanded access to funding facilities and agricultural technology for local farmers. as well as the strengthening of institutions to support a community-based economy.

rehabilitation of mangrove forests.2. as well as leadership ability and a sense of responsibility applied in the field through organizations spearheading management of forests and peatlands. The purpose of restoring ecosystems extends beyond reducing emissions through deforestation and degradation. researching exploitation permits. Provision of incentives for reforestation of forests and peatlands. A strategic rehabilitation program focused on creating preconditions and resolving problems in the field to enable effective rehabilitation activities: a. Conservation and Rehabilitation 1. and undertaking intensive program evaluations. integrity.4. and preventing and handling forest fires. Changes to Work Paradigms and Culture The high level of land-based emissions necessitates changes to the forestry sector’s basic work paradigms and culture. The characteristics of individuals involved must be addressed.3. b. Curbing land conversion and logging outside protected areas. High Conservation Value Forests receive special priority status with a focus on: a. evaluating their condition. planting local species. 24 . This can be accomplished through strict monitoring and permit reviews for land outside of High Conservation Value Forests and land not earmarked for controlled agricultural development. Establishment of protected areas. knowledge. and the expansion of community managed areas. attitude. development of town forests.3. to providing the potential to contribute significantly to REDD+ goals and additional benefits such as ecosystem services in forest areas. The main elements in this activity are ensuring transparency in permitting. covering competence. and taking steps toward rehabilitation of natural hydrological systems by closing canals. while encouraging land swaps where forests remain intact despite existence of forest conversion permits. b. qualifications. 2. 2. such as replanting. providing appropriate incentives. work ethic.2. Forests and peatlands with high carbon stocks and high biodiversity to be awarded protected area status. c. Strengthening management and rehabilitation of peatland through inventorying peatland areas in designated forest and “other use” areas. A strategic conservation program aiming to improve the preservation of biodiversity and forest and peatland ecosystems. Ecosystem Restoration. and motivation.2.

(ii) establishment of policies. 2. b. Transparency: ensuring open planning. Transparency enhancement programs relating to: (i) the formulation of laws and regulations. women. c. needs. children and the poor.REDD+ National Strategy . Capacity-building for community members. 4.2. and responsibilities of men and women. 3. Increased leeway for transparency and participation. 2.Indonesia Principles to be addressed are: 1. such as indigenous peoples. Provision of effective conflict resolution mechanisms to accommodate the various opinions and interests of participating stakeholders. especially women and other vulnerable groups. 14/2008 to encourage transparency and ensure accurate information is available for public 25 . Inclusiveness: removing hindrances and deliberately ensuring participation of all relevant stakeholders. Collaboration: ensuring that all parties involved are treated as equal working partners. 2. Leverage the Freedom of Information Law participation through: a. 3. especially for vulnerable groups. Strengthening Forest and Land Use Governance Forestry sector and land use governance can be strengthened through: 1. and (iii) provision of permits in the forestry sector. Adaptability: quickly and appropriately formulate policies anticipative of change. and (ii) participation in decision-making processes.1. and financing. decision making. Gender sensitivity: through attention to equality in roles.4. 5. to improve: (i) understanding of available information. Increased understanding among decision makers at both national and local level about the importance of involving all stakeholders.

Harmonization of regulations relating to fiscal transfers from the Central Government to Regional Governments as incentives to ensure the success of the REDD+ program.2. 2. a public awareness campaign is required to expand understanding of the need to conserve forests as life support systems. Development of Incentives Rewards are effective in motivating changes in work culture. Shifts in public awareness of the value of forests must occur at all social and age levels.2.2.3. National Action Campaign: “Save Indonesia’s Forests” To increase public support. The format for the involvement of stakeholders must be carefully designed from the outset based of a clear understanding of the complexity of the conditions and characters of those stakeholders. This change can be facilitated through the following actions in the forestry and land use sectors: Provision of annual awards and financial incentives to regional governments and business enterprises with good performance in forest management and land use. Cooperation with the mass media (print and electronic) to disseminate objective information from various perspectives relating to the saving of Indonesia’s forests and the mechanisms of REDD+. Creation of popular information programs to provide information to a wide range of people concerning the importance of forests and the significance of the REDD+ mechanisms. 2. 26 . The provision of direct formal and informal educational programs and activities at the community level that are designed to support sustainable development. 3. 2.2. The REDD+ Agency will carry out public awareness campaigns in cooperation with public communications experts in the following manner: 1. 2. Stakeholder Participation The inclusive and collaborative involvement of the public and various stakeholders is core to the implementation of REDD+.

unity of perception.2. 2. c. awareness.1. and support among all concerned parties of the importance of implementing REDD+ with recourse to the principle of FPIC. strategies. and Informed Consent (FPIC) The REDD+ Agency will implement and apply the principles of FPIC in all REDD+ programs and projects. agreement. through the development of: a. 27 .Indonesia 2. Interaction and Strategies for Stakeholder Participation Collaborative decision making is stipulated in article 70 of the Forestry Law. this process will require effective communication strategies adapted to local conditions. Operational Partnerships: a collaborative effort facilitated through work sharing. Contributory Partnerships: collaborative efforts to decide on channelling of funds into REDD+ programs and projects. and adaptation to facilitate the implementation of REDD+. Consultative Partnerships: a collaborative advisory effort in which certain parties provide input on policies. The following strategies will facilitate public participation in REDD+: 1. including an understanding of who among them will be most affected either positively or negatively. b.5. 3. Increasing stakeholders’ role in planning and problem solving.2.5. Prior. planning. ownership. and the REDD+ Agency will develop a strategic partnership with the National Forestry Council to ensure the equitable involvement of stakeholders including fair treatment for vulnerable segments of the public. 2. Collaborative Partnerships: a form of cooperation in which the process of decision making takes into consideration that authority. The purpose of this approach is to ensure fairness and accountability for indigenous and local peoples whose lives and rights will be affected by REDD+ activities. d. which stipulates the establishment of a multi-stakeholder “Forestry Observers Forum”.REDD+ National Strategy . Implementation of the Principles of Free. Increasing understanding.2. The National Forestry Council accommodates the existence of this institution. Identification and mapping of stakeholders. evaluation. and risk is shared together with all parties on an equal footing.

3. 6. agreement with specific stipulations. along with the consequences of each alternative choice. honest. with all parties having access to existing opportunities. Consultation with the public must be done within an adequate frame of time before permits are legalized or activities commenced. There are various forms of agreement: tentative agreement. The FPIC consultation process is the beginning of ongoing or regular communication between members of the community and the would-be implementers of REDD+ activities. and other members of the public affected by the implementation of REDD+ programs/projects/activities. 7. partial agreement. balanced. including those for complaints and conflict resolution relating to each stage of REDD+ activities. This information is meant to create leeway for broad consensus. Consultation is based on complete. 4. agreement with other options. intimidation. The application of this protocol involves consultation with the relevant indigenous peoples. or local traditions and habits. and easily understood information concerning the alternatives and choices existing for the public within the implementation of REDD+ activities. Consultation aims to achieve broad consensus or the specific agreement of the indigenous and local communities potentially affected. 5. its protocols and mechanisms. There must be agreement on the manner of public consultations. or through representative organizations selected on the basis of traditional systems adhered to by the given indigenous community. Effective and fully participative consultation involves indigenous and local communities in every step and process that affects them either directly or indirectly. Consultation is carried out without force. and full agreement. 28 . The participation of indigenous peoples can be done through their traditional authorities. and must be done respectfully with adherence to all stipulations and time considerations required within the consultation process. temporary agreement. local communities. indigenous law practices. manipulation. unbiased. or pressure in any form to seek the consent of indigenous peoples and local communities who are potentially affected by REDD+ programs/projects/ activities.The implementation of the FPIC protocol in the REDD+ scheme is based on the following principles: 1. all of which are decided upon by the concerned public through legal mechanisms. 2.

criteria. and safeguards framework indicators. Preparing instruments for a safeguards framework for REDD+ involves: 1. economic. REDD+ activity implementers are required to take concrete steps to ensure risk mitigation as part of the implementation process. as well as the handling of risks within the framework of fiduciary safeguards. The following is the minimal framework for environmental safeguards criteria and indicators: 29 . They are also obligated to provide information regarding the implementation of safeguards in their work area in a manner compatible with the information system for REDD+ safeguard implementation (SIS-REDD+). indicators and evaluation procedures. criteria. through periodic monitoring. it is imperative to specifically design the social safeguards framework for the protection and benefit of vulnerable groups. and reporting. It is also important to formulate environmental safeguards through application of environmental principles and indicators in line with the needs of local people to ensure synergy among all concerned parties toward reducing emissions and securing biodiversity and other ecosystem functions of forests and peatlands. The formulation of principles. the application of principles. and to facilitate the preparation of monitoring and control steps relating to program management.2. Within this context. and other societal groups. and political status put them in a weak position in terms of fulfilment of their human rights. including indigenous peoples and local communities living in and around forests. who face the full brunt of changes in family income. and indicators is meant to ensure a strong basis for the full restoration of the public’s rights and the overall governance process.5. financial accountability. evaluation. women. whose livelihoods depend on forest resources.3.Indonesia 2. is based on basic principles of financial management accountability.REDD+ National Strategy . The formulation of criteria. Safeguards Framework and Information System Preparing instruments for a safeguards framework is done to ensure a risk evaluation reference point for REDD+ activities. Within the context of social safeguards. whose social. and the impact of programs on vulnerable groups and the natural environment.

c. e. c. Ensuring that conflict resolution mechanisms are in place should disputes arise in the future. Acknowledgement and protection of the basic rights of indigenous peoples and local communities to: (i) state their opinions about whether they approve REDD+ activities in the areas in which they live. Procedures and information systems that assure acknowledgement of the right of the public to land and forests that accommodates not only formal legal recognition. 30 . along with a safeguards framework that ensures public access. Formulation of evaluation procedures and implementation of safeguards. b. Guaranteeing the fulfilment of the principles of good governance and administrative functions that accommodate transparency and accountability to the public. 2. Application of due diligence systems and procedures. but also indigenous law rights and historical claims.a. b. e. but based on historical use. Procedures and systems of evaluation to ensure the preservation and sustainability of the natural environment in areas covered by REDD+. (v) have full rights to natural resources. Assurance that rehabilitation is undertaken in the case of violation of sustainable environmental standards. in the implementation of REDD+. d. Guaranteeing that the application of the REDD+ scheme does not run counter to efforts to preserve biodiversity and ensure sustainable natural environment standards. (iv) object to or criticize public decisions relating to REDD+ projects. (iii) get information. information systems and mechanisms. Assurance of gender equality and the right of vulnerable groups to participate equally in REDD+ implementation. and (vi) an equitable level of benefits. Procedures and systems to ensure the equitable distribution of benefits from REDD+. d. (ii) participate. f. as well as internal supervision. not only on the basis of documents. FPIC procedures. The REDD+ Agency applies evaluation procedures and safeguards on the basis of local values through the following: a.

Lessons learned from sustainable forest management programs and other relevant environmental programs. Evaluation of the accountability of verification results relating to the distribution of benefits from the implementation of REDD+ activities among groups of men and women. d. components and flow and the provision of information within SIS-REDD+ will allow for integration and consistency with the MRV System. recommended that this system is developed based on the following a. SIS-REDD+ management will be the responsibility of the agency coordinating the MRV Institution. Transparency and accessibility to all parties. c. The design. Accountability mechanisms related to methods and processes for collection of data on social and environmental conditions to support the formulation of REDD+ project policies and documents. c. d. Procedures and systems for conflict resolution and complaints handling. 31 . The development of an Information is a System of for REDD+ Safeguards It is Implementation considerations: (SIS-REDD+) mandate COP-16 UNFCCC. Applicable regulations. e. especially of the following: a. Facts and data set out in reports on the implementation of REDD+ policies or projects through to the evaluation phase. f. Developed at national and sub-national levels as needed as as according to the preparedness of local regulators and implementers.REDD+ National Strategy . Fulfilment of the safeguards framework within REDD+ policies and REDD+ activity implementation. Follow-up procedures in the case of material or non-material damages or losses to the public as a result of the implementation of REDD+.Indonesia f. 3. g. The inclusion of safeguard framework indicators into MRV instruments for periodic review. b. b.

2. All parties with rights over the area of the REDD+ program/project/activity location have the right to payment. The first step is to clarify land rights status. Communities contributing to the achievement of Verified Emissions Reductions or Certified Emissions Reductions (VER/CER) in cases where land ownership and forest preservation is collective are not remunerated as individuals as would be the case with workers. 2. Services/remuneration/benefits provided to individuals other than workers will be distributed by the implementers of REDD+ activities. Members of communities that contribute to the achievement of VER/CER from REDD+ projects will also receive payments. 4. Community members will receive payments either individually or collectively in line with their roles played within the context of having rights over resources and provision of services.5. however apply to people working as paid staff members for programs or projects.or performance-based payments). it is necessary to identify the stakeholders who contribute to carbon absorption functions or the reduction of carbon emissions in regions in which REDD+ has project sites to ensure the proper distribution of service-based benefits. The implementation of benefit payments to deserving parties will be done on the basis of performance evaluations and VER/CER measurement (results.2.4. Within this context. Benefit Sharing Strategies for the fair distribution of benefits are based on the following: 1. The next step is to identify the potential for loss of income for regions where REDD+ programs/projects/ activities are to be located. 3. Systems and mechanisms for benefit sharing must be transparent and accountable to prevent misallocation of benefits. This does not apply. Regional governments are among the parties with the potential to receive benefits from REDD+ projects if VER/CER can be achieved as a result of their policies and public sector investments. 32 . The provision of these ‘service-based’ benefits is collective when services are provided collectively.

Implementation Phases Three years will be required for planning.CHAPTER 3 Directing the Implementation of REDD+ Strategies The REDD+ National Strategy will be implemented in phases and guided by the National REDD+ Action Plan and the National Business Plan for REDD+. All three institutions are targeted to be functioning by January 2014. The MRV Institution and systems are to be developed in phases. policies. Within the framework of the implementation of the REDD+ National Strategy. and the moratorium on new permit issuance and policies was established with Presidential Instruction No. the REDD+ Funding Instrument. The implementation of the REDD+ National Strategy started in 2012. 10/2011. and the nationwide achievement of Tier-3 by the end of 2013. with the initial nationwide establishment of MRV Tier-2 at project sites. The REDD+ National Strategy and these two supporting documents function as core references for the formulation of the Provincial REDD+ Strategies and Action Plan. These three institutions are expected to implement the strategic programs required by the pilot-project provinces and to determine priorities for 2012 and 2013.1. First Pillar. Establishment of the REDD+ Agency. pilot-project provinces were selected in December 2010. They will support the implementation of the Regional Action Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gasses (RAD-GRK) that is to be completed by provincial governments before September 2012. and the MRV Institution are priorities for 2012. establishment of institutions and for formulation of work programs. and procedures. both of which have been developed based on the REDD+ National Strategy. the REDD+ Agency. with verification for emissions reduction performance payments targeted to commence in the same year. Overall implementation of the five pillar strategies was initiated at the beginning of 2012. 33 . 61/2011. 3. in line with the mandate set out in Presidential Instruction No.

Is expected to provide the motivating spirit for the simultaneous implementation of all of the above pillars. REDD work units have been analysing the preparedness. the REDD+ Agency will assist in the development of technical expertise and resources. Fourth Pillar. as well as operational polices and regulations for REDD+ programs and projects.Second Pillar. Strengthening Legal and Regulatory Framework. Starting at the beginning of 2012. These activities will continue in phases over a period of 3 to 5 years in line with REDD+ Agency work unit priorities. This will cover the development of institutional work mechanisms to strengthen relationships among the Central Government. The REDD+ Agency will undertake public awareness campaigns aimed at creating changes in work culture within the bureaucratic structures involved in sector and regional development planning processes to ensure that they function effectively during public consultation processes. The implementation of this fifth pillar is meant to facilitate effective participation. 34 . as well as coordinating REDD+ projects. the REDD+ program will expand elsewhere in Indonesia in 2014. consistency. and effectiveness of the implementation of laws. while recording the lessons learned from these activities. This reform must be undertaken immediately to ensure that all stakeholders involved with REDD+ activities understand the urgency and benefit of the implementation of REDD+. provincial governments and district governments. beginning in the selected pilot project provinces. Program strategies are meant to create pre-conditions required to support REDD+ and to hasten the implementation of REDD+ pilot projects. Program Strategies. regulations and systems needed to support REDD+. Based on experience in the pilot project provinces. Public awareness of REDD+ must be expanded through educational processes. Work Paradigm and Culture Change. Fifth Pillar. In the interim. legitimizing the standing of all stakeholders in relation to REDD+ policies and their implementation. The involvement of and communication with and among all stakeholders is crucial to the implementation of all four pillars. Public Participation. Third Pillar.

Strategic Steps toward Effective Implementation of REDD+ REDD+ National Strategy Institutionalization and Processes IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE Phase-1 2011-2012 ƒ Formulate REDD+ National Strategy ƒ Develop REDD+ Agency. including issuance of permits and changes in land use ƒ Review the legal framework and incentives/disincentives for the private sector ƒ Establish a legal framework for the synchronization of data and spatial planning maps for permit issuance ƒ Review of permits and resolution of forest and land use conflicts ƒ Establish pre-conditions for effective legal framework ƒ Ensure enforcement of 2-year moratorium on new permits for forests and peatland concessions 35 .Indonesia Table 3.1. Funding Instrument. reclassification and land swaps ƒ Review and revise the legal framework relating to incentives for regions ƒ Accelerate the resolution of spatial planning ƒ Improve law enforcement for the prevention of corruption ƒ Strengthen forest governance. and independent MRV framework ƒ Establish moratorium on issuance of new permits ƒ Select pilot provinces ƒ Development of an Information System for REDD+ Safeguards Implementation (SIS-REDD+) Phase-2 2012-2014 ƒ Establish REDD+ Agency ƒ Establish and launch Funding Instrument ƒ Establish and launch MRV Institution and systems ƒ Launch first and second provincial pilot project programs (2011 and 2012) ƒ Develop capacity and work infrastructure ƒ Establish national and sub-national REL/ RL ƒ Strengthen the link between national and sub-national MRV.REDD+ National Strategy . Phase-3 2014 and Onwards ƒ Full implementation of REDD+ system ƒ Continuation of emissions reduction program ƒ Provision of program for independent evaluation and verification ƒ Strengthen MRV system in line with UNFCCC standards ƒ Strengthen the REL/ RL based on UNFCCC reference level ƒ Make payments on the basis of Verified Emissions Reductions (VER) Legal Framework and Regulations ƒ Review and revise the legal framework for resolution of issues relating to land ownership.

ƒ Mapping and acknowledgement of indigenous peoples’ territories and local communities ƒ The implementation of land swaps ƒ Specific identification and completion of preparations for land swaps 2. ƒ Increased agricultural and plantation production. ƒ Promotion of high value added downstream industries. 36 . ƒ Ensuring the existence and strengthening of protected forests and peatlands. Conservation and Rehabilitation ƒ Establishing protected area function. ƒ Prioritizing/facilitating the adoption of REDD+ and RAD/RAN GRK into the government’s planning documents. Sustainable Landscape Management ƒ Landscape/eco-region/multi-functional river catchment planning and management ƒ Establishment of improved governance system for the provision of permits after the end of the forest and peatland use permit moratorium ƒ Acceleration of the formation of Forest Management Units and their operation ƒ The prevention and handling of forests in forests and other land areas ƒ Strengthen Forest Resource Monitoring System and integrate with the MRV System ƒ Debottlenecking and finalize spatial planning in pilotproject provinces plus 8 prioritized provinces ƒ Setting of forest boundaries ƒ Completion of Spatial Organization in 8 other forested provinces ƒ Completion of Spatial Organization in all other provinces. ƒ Achievement of environmentally friendly mining practices. Economic System for the Sustainable Utilization of Natural Resources ƒ Development of sustainable local economies on the basis of sustainable forest management practices. 3. ƒ Restoration of forests and rehabilitation of peatlands.IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE REDD+ National Strategy Phase-1 2011-2012 Phase-2 2012-2014 Phase-3 2014 and Onwards PROGRAM STRATEGIES 1. ƒ Controlling conversion of forests and peatland.

Biophysical conditions fulfil requirements for the implementation of REDD+ (forests and peatland threatened with deforestation and degradation). and transparent governance and governmental systems relating to economic programs and REDD+. public dependence on forest resources). 4. 2. Sub-National 3.Indonesia REDD+ National Strategy CHANGES TO WORK PARADIGM AND CULTURE IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE Phase-1 2011-2012 Phase-2 2012-2014 Phase-3 2014 and Onwards ƒ National campaign for REDD+ and “Save Indonesia’s Forests”. efficient. ƒ Interaction with various groups (regional government. ƒ Efforts toward equitable benefits sharing. The selection of pilots was based on the following criteria: 1. 3.1.2. ƒ Development of an “award and recognition” system in forest management.2. Pilot Provinces The initial stages of REDD+ implementation will involve the selection and establishment of pilot provinces that will carry out trial REDD+ programs in order to ascertain which actions and activities should be replicated for application at the national level. Effective.REDD+ National Strategy . 37 . ƒ The development of system for social and environmental safeguards. 3. ƒ Integration of REDD+ into Sustainable Development Education materials. Provincial Strategy and Action Plans for the implementation of REDD+ in various provinces will be formulated with reference to the REDD+ National Strategy and will be synchronized with Regional Medium Term Development Plans. Socio-economic conditions (economic value of forest resources. indigenous/local peoples. and international bodies) within the development of a system for the implementation of REDD+ at national and sub-national level. ƒ Development of professional capacity relating to REDD+ and sustainable development. Availability of data and capable human resources for the implementation of REDD+. non-governmental organizations. private sector. MULTISTAKEHOLDER PARTICIPATION ƒ Communication relating to the thematic coordination of the REDD+ Agency’s relationships within the first 6 months after its establishment.

it is necessary to find financial.3.2. and that all constraints that could limit the success of REDD+ are being addressed. In the short term. It is important to ensure that the various regional greenhouse gas reduction plans are consistent with REDD+ plans at the same government level. For the long term. Formulation of Action Plans The effective implementation of REDD+ in a synergistic manner requires national and regional level Medium Term Development Plans be linked with strategic planning by government institutions at both national and regional levels. and local levels. This will require consideration of REDD+ market conditions and the services of other environmental programs. Formulation of Business Plan The appropriateness and benefits of the National Strategy and REDD+ Action Plan activities will vary at global. especially as regards the impact on land-based industry sectors.3. provincial plans are linked to local needs to ensure that conditions are conducive to the program. 3.2. provinces must expand on the development of a sustainable natural resource-based economy that is socially and environmentally viable. and institutional solutions that could serve in incentive schemes to drive REDD+ implementation. This can be done through attention to the sustainable preservation of landscape function as a support system for the entire natural environment. before the end of 2012. Implementation at Sub-National Level At the sub-national level. This is mandated by Presidential Instruction 61/2011 stipulating that each province is required to formulate a Regional Action Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gasses. the five pillars of the REDD+ National Strategy will inform the Provincial Strategy and Action Plan. while also guaranteeing that a natural resource based economy is established to meet the needs of the people.4. For that reason. 3. In order that the REDD+ National Strategy functions as the spearhead for synergizing the implementation of development nationally. economic. The formulation of the National REDD+ Action Plan must be done in parallel with the formulation of the Provincial Strategy and Action Plans. national. All of this is expected to be completed in 2012. 38 . it is necessary to formulate a National REDD+ Action Plan that is filled with programs based on the five pillars of the REDD+ National Strategy and the Provincial REDD+ Strategy and Action Plans.

to ensure its implementation. IX/MPR/2001). clearer.5.REDD+ National Strategy . it is necessary to undertake reform of the existing legal framework so that it becomes stronger. Such a sustainable legal framework for the handling of climate change issues may be based on an interpretation of People’s Consultative Assembly Decree concerning the Reform of Agricultural and Natural Resource Management (No. 39 . However. and harmonized with forest and peatland resource management. Legal Basis The National Strategy has been formulated to function as an integral part of the existing legal framework.Indonesia 3. The REDD+ Agency will coordinate within the scope of this legal framework.

This is a goal that goes far beyond merely producing carbon credits to assist in global climate change mitigation. and sensitivity on the part of all parties. improvements can only be achieved with a “business as unusual” approach – by building a new paradigm and establishing new institutions. 40 . The primary goal is to rehabilitate the integrity of ecosystem functions. They must find the motivation to change so that Indonesia can successfully reform its land and forest resource management systems. data and maps must be integrated. These reforms will require a commitment to the public interest. mechanisms. open-mindedness. Considering the current condition of government institutions and the position communities find themselves in. regulations. permitting systems need reform to ensure public accountability. effective and influential thematic coordination must be applied among the various government institutions at central and regional government levels.CHAPTER 4 Conclusion The National Strategy underlines the reality that successful implementation of REDD+ in Indonesia depends on governance reform in forest and peatland management. Procedures must be made more transparent. including the social and economic functions of land and forests within the framework of Indonesia’s sustainable development. relationships and governance systems.

. . +62213522703 Email: info@satgasreddplus. +622134835415 Website: www.Indonesian REDD+ Task Force Jl. Veteran III No.satgasreddplus. +62212314147 Site office: Phone +622134835414 Fax. Indonesia Phone +62213500234. Jakarta 10110.