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Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination


Which of the following metals cannot be efficiently cut with OFe? a high-carbon steel b low-carbon steel c.. stainless steel d. cast iron e.. tempered steel Electrical conductivity a. ET of a part is the primary requirement for which NDE method?






The melting point of carbon steel is approximately: a. 2250cP



e., F4

3005cF 3333cF

Decibel is a term associated with which NDE method? a, UT b


e., F5


Which GMA W metal transfer mode results in the least amount of penetration? a, globular' b. short circuiting c. spray d. pulsed splay e. globular spray Which of the following gas(es) is commonly a. argon b. carbon dioxide c. oxygen d. argon/carbon dioxide Tri-mix e. used as a shielding gas for GTAW?



Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination


After a rejected weld has been repaired, reinspected and found to be acceptable, the welding inspector should: a. change the original inspection report to indicate the part's acceptance b mark directly on the part c. fill out a second inspection report d. tell the foreman to have the part moved to its next operation e., no further action is required When a metal is alloyed, how are the atoms of the alloy incorporated into the original metal lattice structure? a. by inclusion or exclusion b. substitutionally or interstitially c. by diffusion d. by becoming martensitic e.. by casting A wire IQI is used in which NDE method?
a" b. UT ET RT MT



d., e"



In general, which of the following is not commonly used as a semiautomatic process? a. GMAW b. FCAW c. SMAW d., SAW e.. MIG The performance of which of the following test methods is least affected by high part temperatures? a, ET




d. e


Crater cracks are most often the result of: a. improper technique b improper filler metal c improper base metal d. napped slag e. trapped hydrogen

Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination


The tail of a welding symbol should not be used for: a.. denoting welding process requirements b denoting welding procedure requirements c. denoting welding electrode requirements d. denoting welding specification requirements e.. denoting groove angle During tempering, as the temperature increases, which of the following are coned? a. hardness increases h. hardness decreases c. elongation decreases d. strength increases e. ductility decreases In GMA W, the distance from the end of the contact tube to the arc is: a. arc length b. electrode extension c. stickout d. stand off e. work angle Of the following, which is not a type of metal transfer in GMA W? a. spray b short c~cuiting c globular d.. pulsed arc e.. open circuiting Ultraviolet light may be used with which NDE methods? a. VT and UT b. PT and UT c. MT andPT d RTandUT e. ETandMT The technique which does not aid in reducing residual stress is: a. peening b. vibratory stress relief c. thermal stress relief d. external restraint e. preheating






weld interface h. on either side. on the left c.. c. columbium d. groove weld edge d. does not matter The portion of the groove face within the joint root is called: a. d. underfill Lamellar tear F20 Heat treatment conditions can be determined using which of the following? a MT h. depending on company policy d. chromium F23 For single bevel-groove weld symbols.. d. MT chemical analysis tensile test bend test are commonly used as alloying elements with tungsten to F22 Which of the following elements produce GTA Welectrodes? a . thorium c...Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F19 Which of the following may not be detected with VT? a. on the right h. on the side in which the straight side actually appears in the joint e. PI ET RT LT of a material's toughness? F21 Of the following tests.. which can be used for the actual determination a. groove angle F24 4 . faying surface c.. cesium h. large surface crack b undercut c. overlap d. e. root face e. vanadium e . the line of the A WS weld symbol running perpendicular to the reference line is always drawn on which side of the weld symbol? a. e. Charpy test h. e. c..

ET b. ASNT SNT-TC-lA d. radiography e. face bend d. e. UT c. welding position d. F29 PI MT If a welder is continually turning out rejectable work. ASi\1E Section VIII e. all of the above NDE technicians are usually qualified in accordance with the requirements of: a. c. AWSDl . side bend c. nick break h. d e..Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F25 Which of the following are common cases of undercut when using SMAW? a.. b. F30 inspect his work more critically ask that the welder be fired require that the welder be retested for qualification instruct the welder in the proper techniques ask that the welder use another process Which of the following tests would be least effective for judging the soundness of a weld in the as-welded condition? a.. ASj\ffi Section IX Which of the factors listed below has the least amount of effect on the residual stress and distortion that results nom welding? a. API 1104 c. improper electrode angle e. heat input b. welding electrode too huge d. coefficient of thermal expansion Capillary action plays a role in which NDE method? a.l h. straight beam UT 5 . weld current too high b. RT F26 F27 F28 d. improper electrode manipulation c. phase changes c... the welding inspector should: a. tensile strength e.

rugon-98% e. decreased voltage d. decreased current. surface crack c. UT andET b RT andPT c. decreased current. indications will be identical for all of the above In SMAW. argon 75%. or typewritten and signed be done in pencil so mistakes can be easily corrected be filled out only if the weld is rejected retyped by a clerk so that everything is readable include the welder's identification 6 . MTandET e. increased heat input. d. improper worklead (ground) location c. magnetic field distortion h.. F32 F33 F34 F35 F36 e inspection reports should always: be completed in ink. increased voltage c. surface porosity h. heliurn-lOO% d. VT andPT Which discontinuity below will provide the sharpest MT indication? a. welding at the end of a joint d. decreased voltage e. welding in comers e welding on AC Which of the following shielding gases is used for GMAW spray transfer on steel? a.. rugon-lOO% c. increased voltage b. an increase in arc length results in: a.. carbon dioxide-lOO% h. subsurface porosity d. h. increased current. subsurface crack e.. PT andMT d. decreased current. oxygen-2%. c. increased heat input Weld a.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F31 Arc blow can not be caused by: a.. carbon dioxide-25% Developing is one of the steps in which NDE method? a.

hardness b toughness c. d. increase tensile strength c... a faster cooling rate and narrower heat-affected zone c. a slower cooling rate and wider heat-affected zone d.. tensile strength d. a slower cooling late and narrower heat-affected zone e. MT UT PI' VT F42 For plain carbon steels. hardness and strength are not related 7 . the type of metal transfer requiring a special power source is: F3a a. c d.. h. how are hardness and tensile strength related? a increase hardness.. decrease hardness: increase tensile strength d hardness and tensile strength can both be increased by tempering e. none of the above Which of the following methods is most likely to use a transducer to scan for flaws? a. e F40 UT VT MT PT Use of preheat will result in: a. c d. RT F41 b. RT b c. fatigue strength e ductility In GMAW. e. F39 spray globular pulsed arc short circuiting open arc Which of the following is truly a volumetric test method? a. e. a faster cooling rate and wider heat-affected zone h. decrease tensile strength b increase hardness.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F37 The ability to be cyclically loaded without failing is related to which of the following properties of a metal? a.

voltage. travel speed The welding variables used to calculate heat input are: a. impact strength decreases b. before welding begins b. voltage c. copper shielding e. voltage and current b. preheat temperature and voltage e voltage. arc length h. current d. the welding variable controlled by the wire feed speed is: a. concrete shielding d. tensile strength increases During RT. before shipping the work e.. d. after welding is completed d. travel speed. lead shielding h. weld symbol straddles the reference line.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F43 In GMAW. ductility decreases d. only when there is a problem If the a. it means: weld both sides weld arrow side first weld other side first weld has no side significance the symbol was drawn incorrectly 8 F44 F45 F46 F47 F48 . current and travel speed d. steel shielding c. wood shielding A weld inspection plan should be developed: a. during welding c. current and preheat temperature As the temperature of the base metal is increased: a... current and travel speed c. tensile strength decreases c. hardness increases e. which of the following provides the best protection from radiation for a given thickness? a. stickout e. b c.. e.

AC and DCEP.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F49 Which of the following represents the proper eye protection for SAW? a. iron powder b. tinted safety glasses e a full face shield with a shade #5 minimum An E7018 SMA W electrode exhibits which of the following characteristics? a. iron powder d. rutile. no eye protection is required because there is no visible arc d. DCEP. use on AC and DCEN c. low hydrogen. DeEP e. postheat Which of these methods is most often used to eliminate welding? a prebending b shot blasting c. rutile. low hydrogen. iron powder Piezoelectricity a. magnetic permeability b. MT PT F52 A thermal treatment that follows quenching and restores some of the metal's ductility is referred to as: a.. emulsification e" solubility the migration the high residual stress created by F53 F54 of liquid penetrant into very fine surface 9 . postweld heat treating e. low hydrogen. clear safety glasses c. preheating The physical principle that permits discontinuities is: a. ET c . UT b. use on AC only. optical fluorescence c. tempering c.. a welding helmet with filter lens of the appropriate shade b.. hardening d normalizing e. RT is a material property used by which NDE method? F50 F51 d. quenching rapidly after welding d. e. stress relief b. capillary action d.

Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F55 The process whereby a large gap is filled with braze material without the help of capillary action is: a. braze welding d. ASME Section II. arc br azing c. flow brazing Which of the following contains ferrous base metal specifications? a" AWSDL2 h. both AC and DC methods c. torch brazing b. AWSA5.j d. AC yoke c. an increase in the carbon equivalent of a carbon steel will result in an increase in its: a" ductility b. defects d. dip brazing e. all of the above A welding process commonly used to join light gage stainless steel tubing for critical applications is: a" SMAW b. hardness c. FCAW F59 F60 10 . DC coil d" DC prod e" Head Shot to be the most portable method of magnetization when F56 F57 F58 Advantages of MT include: a" the detection of surface flaws b. toughness e. GMAW c GTAW d" OFW e.' the detection of surface flaws tightly closed by carbon. Part A Which of the following is considered conducting a magnetic particle test? a AC coil b. ASME Section II. ASME Section V e. Part C c. slag or contaminants d the fact that it is faster than PI e" all of the above In general.

incomplete penetr ation and incomplete fusion d. slag inclusions c delayed cracking d. FCAW d.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F61 Hydrogen in the molten weld metal can cause: a. SMAW b. torsional strength The presence of paint on the surface of a part will most greatly affect the results of which NDE method? a. c d. cracking and porosity c. UT andET e. porosity and slag inclusions C. PTandMT h. ET and VT If no information appears to the left of a groove weld symbol. hydrogen will diffuse during welding and will not cause problems Which of the following results from impropel termination of the SMAW electrode and shrinking of the molten weld pool during welding? a. hardness b toughness c. crater cracking e incomplete fusion Entrapped slag can result when using all of the following except: a. tensile strength d fatigue strength e. SAW c. this means: F62 F63 F64 F65 F66 a b. undercut and overlap b. RTandUT c MTandET d. GMAW The material property that best describes its ability to withstand a static load is: a. ESW e.. e no weld is required on that side the weld is to be complete joint penetration the weld is to be continuous for the entire length of the joint bevelling is not required weld size is to be determined by the welder 11 . porosity h.

porosity c.. percent elongation d endurance limit e reduction of area Shielding of the molten pool in OFW is accomplished by: a. F68 MT h. hardness Fracture toughness results will often be expressed in terms of: a. a flux paste The welding inspector is usually not responsible for which of the following? a. d. toughness c. reinspecting repairs e" checking fit up 12 F70 F71 F72 . a crack with its depth parallel to radiation beam e. a chemical reaction c. an inert gas d" a vacuum chamber e. checking for proper electrode storage b verification of a welder's qualification c. fatigue strength h. tensile strength c. e.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F67 Which of the following is not easily detected using RT that is perpendicular to the weld center line? a" throat crack b. ductility e. tensile strength d. incomplete joint penetration Dwell time is a term associated with which NDE method? a. breaking ener gy h. PT RT ET UT F69 The material property expressed in terms of an endurance limit is: a. side wall incomplete fusion at a bevel angle of 35° d. c. witnessing all repairs d. a granular flux b.

Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F73 The last digit of an SMA W electrode designation is an indication of: a. tensile strength of the weld deposit b. tensile strength e" ductility Of the following discontinuities. impact strength of the weld deposit e. inclusion slag Which of the following is considered to be an advantage of VT? a" discontinuities can be located and noted when they occur b. it is capable of detecting subsurface discontinuities c. a thin material's thickness d. undercut d.. position suitable for electrode use ET can be used to detect which of the following? a. lamination c. a material's heat treatment e. equipment can be expensive e. crack e. flux chemistry The property of a material that best relates to its resistance to impact loading is: a" endur ance limit b. the recommended type of current e. all of the above For an SMAW electrode designation E60X3 the "X" refers to: a. fracture toughness d. Operating characteristics d. porosity b. a material' s hardness c. which is most likely to be a flaw caused during the manufacture of steel? a.. welders can accept their own work d. fatigue strength c. a material's conductivity b. the tensile strength of the weld deposit b. it can determine material strength 13 F74 F75 F76 F77 F78 . position the welder is qualified to weld in c. the position in which the electrode can be used c the type of coating d.

lithium testing e. lender test method 14 FBD FB1 FB2 FB3 FB4 . liquid test inspection d. weld length can be determined by the welder The welding process that requires a tubular electrode is: a. tensile strength b ductility c. SMAW b. SW A groove weld symbol with no information appearing to the right means: a..Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F79 Which of the following is considered to be part of the welding inspector's responsibility to the public? a.. signing for all inspections on the job d. liquid penetrant testing c. GMAW c. the weld is to be complete joint penetration b no weld is required on that side c the weld is to be continuous for the entire joint length d. undertaking only those assignments for which the inspector is qualified h. fatigue strength LT is the abbreviation for: a. toughness e. leak testing b. hardness d. reporting all discontinuities e. making public statements as to the quality of a weldment c. verity conformance based on past experience Which of the following processes is performed primarily in the flat and horizontal positions? a SAW h. GMAW-S e. GTAW d. OAW c.. no weldjoint preparation is required e. FCAW d.. SAW e ESW The property relating to a metal's resistance to indentation is: a.

SMAW b.30 b ASME Section II. UT F86 F87 FBB c. alloying d. none of the above The orientation of the probing energy source with respect to that of a flaw is considered to be a significant variable for which NDE method? a. d. all of the above When a weld joint preparation is found to be defective. c. e . require that the parts be disassembled and properly assembled e... Part A c. ET MT all of the above that appears to the left of the weld symbol refers to: the weld length the weld size the electrode size the number of passes required none of the above FB9 Information a. GTAW ESW SW FCAW 15 . report the deficiency to the proper supervisory personnel d. RT b. deoxidation e... AWSA30 d AWSA24 e AWS Dl J Section 2 The flux covering on an SMA W electrode provides which of the following? a gas shielding for the molten pool h. e.. e.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F85 Filler metal specifications are found in which of the following documents? a. c. h. d. the inspector should: a. allow welding to proceed if he feels that the welder can produce a satisfactory weld h. instruct the welder in how to overcome the problem c. AWS A5 1 through A5. are stabilization c. d. F90 Which process uses a granular flux that can be manually added to the weld pool? a.

darkly shaded. ANSI B31. appear' as a white line A material's ductility is commonly expressed in terms of: a. tensile strength and yield strength d. d. percent elongation and reduction of area b. bainite d austenite e. fatigue \VIlO a. appear as a well-defined. circular magnetization c. martensite h. AWSDLI c. lightly shaded. the hardest is: a. e. pearlite In radiography. AWS B2. sharp line b.. ferrite c.. the image on the film of a completely through-cracked weld will: a. c. sharp line c appear as a row of low density light spots or dots d. F92 F93 F94 is responsible fOI verifying welding procedures have been properly qualified? independent test lab contractor welding inspector architect engineer fOI F95 What MT technique could be used a. low density. longitudinal magnetization d. appear as a well-defined.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F91 Of those microstructural constituents listed below. width and thickness c. using a central conductor the discovery of longitudinal flaws? F96 Which code gives pre qualified status to certain weld joint configurations? a. coil shot b. toughness e. appear as a row of high density dark spots or dots e...1 e.. high density. h. AWSD171 d.1 16 . API 1104 b. parallel magnetism e..

nick break test e. fatigue strength c.. held for a prescribed time and then allowed to cool to room temperature while remaining in the furnace is referred to as: a. c. type of electrode to be used c. initial. and initial and date the occurrence in ink attach a note to the report explaining the reason for the change erase the error or use white out. length of weld required d. pearlite h. an increase in hardness and a decrease in ductility b. erase the enol' and fill in the correct information cross out the error and supply the proper information line out the error with a single line. will result in: a. d. process to be used h. annealing normalizing tempering austenitizing 17 . supply the proper information... and date the occurrence in black ink of a high carbon steel from the austenitizing range will result in the F99 The rapid quenching formation of: a. macroetch The heat treatment in which a carbon steel's temperature is raised to the austenitizing lange.. cementite d. the inspector should: a.. impact strength d. e.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F97 Information that appears to the right of the weld symbol refers to the: a. a decrease in hardness and an increase in ductility an increase in the cooling late F101 Which of the following is least affected by the surface finish of the specimen? a. d. e.. size of weld required e. stress relief F102 h.. tensile strength b. ferrite e. requiredjoint configuration F98 When a clerical mistake is made while completing an inspection report. c. h. austenite F100 When an austenitized carbon steel is cooled to roomtemperature. martensite c. an increase in tensile strength and a decrease in hardness c a decrease in tensile strength and an increase in hardness d an increase in ductility and a decrease in hardness e.

in the direction of welding e. the welding inspector should: review the test results and maintain the test record reinspect to verify the defect accept the weld if its visual appearance is in compliance with the applicable code or specification require another inspection by a third party accept the weld since it is in a low stress region using the F104 F105 If equal thicknesses of steel. and copper rue radiographed same exposure conditions. 5 in . in the through thickness direction d. copper e . GMAW b SAW c GTAW d. 05 in. austenitizing h.. c. aluminum d . FCAW e. cast iron The welding process that uses a nonconsumable a.. a weld has been rejected by a qualified NDE technician. lead. cast iron. normalizing c .. the bend radius is: a... parallel to the rolling direction h. which material will result in the darkest radiograph? a. d 0.. b. annealing d.... aluminum. quenching e... 6 e as stated on the MTR F108 OI specification 18 .Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F103 In which direction does a rolled plate of carbon steel usually exhibit its least amount of ductility? a.. lead h steel c.. rolling direction has no significance regarding ductility When a. as specified in the appropriate code c. transverse to the rolling direction c... held fOI a prescribed time and then allowed to cool to room temperature in still air is referred to as: a. b. always 5 in. SMAW electrode is: F106 F107 The heat treatment in which the metal's temperature is raised to the austenitizing range. d e. tempering In a guided bend test.

an intermittent weld is required It is discovered that a GMA W mild steel weld was produced with a shielding gas containing excess moisture. Welding must first be done oJ0the other side c. OFW with welding OCCUlting in the flat F110 F111 F112 F113 F114 The heat treatment for carbon steels in which the metal's temperature is raised to just below the lower transformation temperature and held for a prescribed time before allowing it to cool at a controlled rate is referred to as: a tempering h. MT h. SMAW d. SMAW d. Welding must be done alternately on both the arrow and the other sides d. ESW h SAW c. ET Which welding process utilizes a vertical joint orientation position? a. performing PT c positively identifying base materials d. VT d.. FCAW e. PT e. supervising welding e determining the disposition of a radiographed part A break in the arrow line of a welding symbol has what significance? a. stress relieving d normalizing e. preheating 19 .Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F109 An E 71 T -1 electrode designation is for which welding process? a PAW b. Welding must first be done on the arrow side b. which NDE method would be most effective? a. The broken arrow line segment points to that member which receives preparation e. austenitizing c.. GMAW e SAW The A WS Certified Welding Inspector is responsible for: a welding b. RT c. FCAW c.. To determine the extent of the surface and subsurface porosity that resulted.

always be in red e. SMAW GMAW e. above the reference line c. FCAW SAW C. always include the welder's identification number? F117 F118 F119 MI' can be used effectively to inspect which of the following metals? a.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F115 The position on a metal's stress-strain plastic is the: a. d e welds on A36 steel steel welds on stainless steel plate welds on aluminum Welds on all alloy materials materials properly qualified for use with E308 electrodes F120 Of the welding processes listed below. endurance limit d.' d.' below the reference line d in a note e to the left of the weld symbol The marking of a rejectable weld should: a" be clear and understandable to all involved b be made with a steel impression stamp c. the one most commonly having the highest deposition rate is: a. in the tail b. yield point b. second to last digit e. Young's Modulus curve referring to its change in behavior from elastic to F116 Low-hydrogen electrodes can be properly identified by which digit of a classification a" first digit b second digit c first and second together d. OAW b. 20 . last digit All welding symbol information referring to the arrow side of the joint is found: a. modulus of elasticity c. transformation temperature e. b. c. note the proper repair procedure d.

F122 F123 F124 F125 All welding symbols require which of the following basic elements in their construction? a.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F121 The use of preheat on a medium carbon steel weld test plate will perform all of the following except: a. is not specified therefore may be determined by the welder e" must be found in the WPS F126 SM~ Figure 1 21 . arrow. can be determined from the symbol d. color coding b. arrow. arrow. produce a wide heat-affected zone e diffuse hydrogen The tensile test can be used to provide values for which of the following? a. result in the formation of martensite d. and weld symbol d. reduce distortion b. modulus of elasticity d. reduce the possibility of hydrogen cracking c. ultimate tensile strength c. weld symbol. first in. alpha-numeric coding c. elastic limit e all of the above Which of the following is not an acceptable method for control of raw materials? a. dimensions. first out d location segregation e bar coding In what document ar'e the duties and responsibilities of a CWI described": AWS DLl b. and supplementary data e" reference line only The size of the weld represented in Figure 1: a" is not important b. AWSA30 c ANSIZ49J d AWS QC-l e. yield point b. reference line. reference line. and tail b. reference line and arrow c reference line. cannot be determined directly from the symbol c. AWS QC-7 a.

Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F127 Welding symbol information provided in Figure 1 requires: a.0047 in d 0. a.047 in.47 in e. Which nondestructive test would best reveal the flaws that may be present in the completed weld? a RT h. b 47 in. c 0.. field welding b. e" bead cracking is primarily caused by: a source of hydrogen restraint excessive preheat fatigue excessive loading the F132 22 . a fillet weld d. ET SMA W is typically used in which type of application? semiautomatic a" b machine c manual d. all of the above A SMA W weld was produced in which the welder failed to properly clean between passes in a multipass weld. VT c. automatic mechanical e" What position is depicted in Figure 2? a. determine approximate diameter in inches for an electrode that measures 12 mm. 6G b 5G c 6F F128 F129 RESTRICTION RING F130 d.. MT d. b c d. e.. 0. PT e. 472 in Under a. 6GR 5GR Figure 2 F131 Using the appropriate conversion factor provided in the chart on page 41. weld-alI-around c. the use of shielded metal arc welding e.

Sl\1A. welding a V-groove from the other-side of the joint d welding a backing weld from the arrow-side of the joint e backgouging and back welding nom the arrow-side of the joint For Figure 3. from the arrow side Which of the following discontinuities are associated with shrinkage stresses in the through thickness direction of thick plate? a. machine d.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F133 Which of the following is a correct statement about brazing? a the base metal is not melted b. manual c. FCAWand SMAW e. mechanized 23 F134 F135 Figure 3 F136 F13'7 F138 . SAWandSMAW The first operation required by the symbol in Figure 3 is: a. inert gases may be substituted for oxygen Which of the following welding processes commonly use a constant current power source? a. ultrasonic inspection of the base metal b visual inspection of joint preparation c. in order to achieve capillary action large root opening is required C. GTAWandGMAW d. on 10% of the weld length d. crater cracks b lamellar tears c. Wand GTAW c. ultrasonic inspection is to be performed: a on the back weld only b. on the entire length of the other side weld c. automatic e. GMAWand FCAW h. it must be done in an inert gas atmosphere d. the filler metal melts at a temperature below 800°F c. none of the above Which of the welding techniques below describes a welding process in which the filler metal feeding is machine operated while the joint travel speed and guidance are the responsibility of the welder? a. from the arrow side e. toe cracks d. semiautomatic b. on the single V grcove.. root cracks e.

a V-groove weld arrow-side with melt-through d a bevel groove weld made one-half the way around of a pipe e.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F139 The welding symbol shown ill Figure 4 depicts: a. kerf c.' bevel d bevel angle e chamfer F142 For the 2G position in pipe welding: a. 114 (7/16) 114 (7/16) e none of the above F141 The width of the cut produced during a cutting process is referred to as: a. the pipe is not fixed d. a V-groove weld arrow-side with the root finished contour weld arrowother-side the diameter to a convex Figure 4 F140 Which of the following symbols correctly describes the joint configuration shown in Figure 5? a 7/16(1/4) 7/16 (1/4) b. c Figure 5 d.. the axis of the pipe is vertical and the plane of the weld is horizontal b the axis of the pipe is horizontal and the plane of the weld is vertical c. a backing weld other-side followed by a V -groove side b. a V-groove weld arrow-side followed by a back weld c. the axis of the pipe and the plane of the weld are at 45° angles with the vertical plane e. root opening h. the axis of the pipe is horizontal and the pipe is rotated 24 .

c.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F143 During operation. e" 1 in. CUII'entpassing through the filler wire U sing the appropriate conversion factor provided in the chart on page 41. 2in. 466 cfh F144 h. c d. 4 in. d e" 46. . the heat for electroslag welding is provided by: a.38 cfh 10. d 6 in. the arc b. Which nondestructive test would best reveal the internal discontinuities which may have resulted? a. a. c 5/16 in" 1 in. F146 The size of the aIIOW side weld in Figure 6 is: 114 in. 6 in. e F148 25 . b... determine the approximate cubic feet per hom (db) for a flow rate of 22 liters per minute. CUII'entpassing through the base metal e.6db 10. the consumable guide tube melting d. b. e continuous down the length of the joint The pitch of the other side weld in Figure 6 is: a" 114 in.s c 2 in.8 cfh 466 efh F145 It is suspected that a GMA W weld was produced in an area where there was an excessive draft. b.3. RT UT none of the above d e. deposited every 6 in a" 1/4 5/16 Figure 6 F147 The length of the other side weld in Figure 6 is: a 1 in. 5116 in 1 in. the electrical resistance heating of the molten slag c... 4 in. d. PT b MT c.

' weld interface d groove face e. RT b. the desired contour must be as-welded d it should be found in the code specified e. C. it is the welder's choice In order to learn the exact location of a subsurface flaw in three directions. abrupt termination of welding c.. shrinkage of the molten pool d. poor welding technique b. underfill of the crater e.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F149 If a contour symbol is used but the finishing method is not specified on the welding symbol: a. root opening b. it is the inspector's choice b. FCAW F152 F153 CONTACT TUBE NOZZLE WELD METAL --DIRECTION OFTRAVEL---- Figure 7 26 . GMAW e. d. none of the above Crater cracks can be the result of: a. F150 MT IT UT VT F151 The surface of a member included in the groove of a weldment best describes: a. groove angle C. it is the fabricator's choice c. all of the above Figure 7 depicts which welding process? a" SAW b SMAW c PAW d. c. the best NDE method would be: a.

e the appropriate conversion factor provided in the chart on page 41. d. none of the above Using imate a.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F154 The boundaries indicated by "A" in Figure 8 are: a. none of the above The dimension "D" in Figure 8 is referred to as: a. edge. "B" c. U-groove e. J-groove The dimension "A" in Figure 9 refers to: a. depth of fusion d joint penetration e side wall penetration F159 c Figure 9 27 . fusion line b depth of fusion c.7°C 107°C applicable for a butt joint? F 158 Which of the following welds is not considered a. plug c. '''C'' d. depth of fusion d weld interface e. V -groove b. weld interface d. fusion line The weld interface in Figure 8 is indicated by: a "A" b. "D" e. b. 225°C 107°C F155 Figure 8 F156 F157 43'rC 1O. determine the approxdegrees Celsius for a preheat temperature of 225°F.. root penetration b weld penetration c. fusion face h. fusion zone c. fusion face e.flange d. c.

26 kg e. d e.' d e. flux backing d backing weld e. all of the above F165 A welder deposits an average of 12 pounds of weld metal per hour" Using the appropriate conversion factor provided in the chart on page 41. c. joint penetration and weld size h. depth of fusion d complete joint penetration e" incomplete joint penetration If the a" b. copper backing bar b ceramic backing c. 6 kg d.w~lding Inspection Technology Fu . 5 kg b 33 kg c. wet electrodes will most likely cause: undercut overlap underfill porosity all of the above F163 F164 Which of the following is considered to be an acceptable way to provide backing for a V-groove weld in a carbon steel butt joint? a. c. using SMA W. F161 groove weld in Figure 9 has been properly welded. Tc fillet d.darnentals Examination F1 4)0 The dimension "c" in Figure 9 identifies: a. the dimension "D" is referred to as: underfill because the weld is left unfilled lack of penetration because weld size is inadequate partial joint penetration because weld size is indicated complete joint penetration because the joint is filled incomplete joint penetration because the joint should have been filled F162 Which of the following is not a type of weld joint? a lap b. 37 kg 28 . butt e" edge When a h. determine the approximate kilograms of weld metal that will be deposited in 6 hours of continuous welding a. weld size and root penetration c..

reject the weld c correct the excess convexity and retest d. h.000 J/in.Welding lnspectlon Technology Fundamentals Examination F166 A single-wire.(ipm) c d. and is traveling at 8 inches per minute Using the formula provided on pages 40 and 41. 144 x lOS Jlin. which is more prone to cracking b.. 14. ignore it.000 J/in. 600 amps. a. e.400 J/in.. it is the location of most defects d the design calculations cannot be checked e. Jlin = VxAx60 Travel Speed . since it is a nonrelevant indication h. what is the appropriate action? a. F168 2G b c d. If an MT indication is noted at the toe of a fillet weld that exhibits an excessively convex profile. 2F IG 3G e F169 6GR The most efficient NDE method fOI discovery of undercut on the face of a weld is: a. b c. F170 UT MT PT The design strength of a fillet weld is always based on the throat dimension because: a. 1. it has a columnar microstructure. accept the weld e.152. F167 2. VT RT d e. none of the above The pipe welding test position in which the axis of the pipe is horizontal and the pipe is rotated so that welding takes place at or near the top is designated as: a. what is the heat input fOI this situation? Heat input == J/in . it is a theory of failure that cannot be supported by actual laboratory testing 29 . 110.400 Jlin. it is the shortest failure path through the weld c. submerged arc welding machine is operating at 32 volts.

no root opening e" CPJ unless otherwise specified PENETRATION DEPTH BASE METAL -DIRECTION OF WELDING-- Figure 10 F175 F176 The substance used in UT to aid in the transmission of sound from the search unit to the workpiece and back is called: a. special welding processes c. solvent b. transducer 30 . underfill and excessive reinforcement A single V-groove weld always requires: a. a backing bar d. e. SMAW d e" OAW GMAW F172 Double-groove welds in butt joints always require: a. d. GMAW SMAW SAW ESW SHIELDING ATMOSPHERE F174 Light-colored areas within the weld zone in a radiograph could represent: a. melt-through and trapped slag d. attenuation c couplant d cable e. tungsten inclusions and meltthrough c. porosity and tungsten inclusions e.. porosity and trapped slag b. SAW c. special welding processes b. high deposition rate processes d weld to be deposited hom both sides of the joint e. backgouging c.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F171 Arc strikes are discontinuities most commonly associated with: a ESW b. a spacer to hold critical root openings What welding process is depicted in Figure 1O? a" ELECTRODE COVERING F173 FCAW b. backgouging b. c.

leg d toe e. c.. incomplete joint penetration d slag inclusions C. the appropriate conversion factor from the chart on page 41. 136kg 66 kg 136 kg 66.15 kg 13. RT MT PT ET F180 Porosity in GMA W can be caused by: a drafts h. h. d.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F177 Using kilogr a. none of the above Figure 11 31 . e. 5F b 4F c. contamination c too little shielding gas flow d too much shielding gas flow e. c. all of the above The overhead fillet position is designated as: a. 2F C. d. F181 IF F182 The radiograph in Figure 11 shows: a crack b incomplete fusion c. e.6 kg F178 The junction of the weld face with the exterior surface of the base metal is referred to as the: a face b root c. UT are best revealed using: F1'79 h. 3F d.. edge Internal plate laminations a. determine the approximate am weight of a 30 pound roll of welding wire...

tungsten inclusions due to poor tungsten grinding c.l A5 . e the fusion face the depth of fusion the depth of penetration the weld interface none of the above 32 . d.. EWTH-2 number for GT AW? b c. GMAW b.. SAW c. d.. c. SMAW d. porosity due to inadequate shielding d longitudinal crack due to stress e lack of penetration due to poor starts and stops Figure 13 F185 Which of the following is an example of an electrode classification a. GTAW e PAW in Figure DIRECTION OF WELDING BACK CAP FILLER MET MOLTEN WELD METAL Figure 12 F184 The radiograph in Figure 13 shows: a..Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F183 The welding process depicted 12 is: a. e. 9 E70l8 ER70S-2 F186 In a groove-weld cross section. the 'line' separating weld metal from base metal is called: a. AS. slag inclusions due to improper fitup b. b.

.76 ipm F191 The defect noted in the radiograph in Figure 15 is: a. 5G 6G F190 Using the appropriate conversion factor provided in the chart on page 41 determine the approximate feed speed in inches per minute for a wire fed at a speed of 120 rnmJs. incomplete penetration b. transverse cracks b crater cracks c. toe cracks F188 Incomplete fusion can be caused by: a not preheating b not filling the joint completely c.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F187 In the radiograph in Figure 14. the 4SO fixed position is designated as: a. 5076 ipm e. improper gas shielding d poor fitup e. 283 ipm c.. the arrows point to: a. a. 283 ipm b. 2G 2F d.834 ipm d. longitudinal cracks d underbead cracks e. excessive amperage Figure 14 F189 In pipe groove welding. 50. incomplete fusion d. a crack c. slag inclusions Figure 15 33 ... porosity e. 1G b. c. 2.. e.

the theoretical throat b. convexity The dimension "D" in Figure 16 is called: a" the theoretical throat and the effective throat b' the effective throat and the actual throat c.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F192 The "A" climension in Figure 16 is referred to as: a. the actual thruat and the theoretical throat d. e. theoretical weld throat e. leg and weld size e. concavity One a. common cause of centerline weld cracks is: the use of preheat a highly restrained weld joint using the wrong polarity stress relief heat treatment the presence of incomplete sidewall fusion 34 F193 Figure 16 F194 F195 F196 F197 . actual weld throat weld size b c weld leg d. convexity The dimension "E" in Figure 16 refers to: a the actual throat b. the joint root e" none of the above The dimension "C" in Figure 16 shows: a. h.. the weld penetration c. convexity d. weld size e. the weld root d.. effective weld throat "F" in Figure 16 points to: a. the root penetration b. the effective throat c. weld leg e. d. c.. the actual throat c the effective throat d.

e. a 448.. F200 PT MT UT none of the above Liquid penetrant testing is not recommended when inspecting which of the following materials? a" Aluminum plate that has been chemically cleaned b.' d.000 psi.871 x 1()3psi b. Stainless steel pipe as welded by GTA W d. e.425. 4. below the surface only the central conductor method can be used to detect flaws in 1 in material Which of the following conditions can cause slag inclusions in a weld? a.871 psi Which NDE method will best reveal subsurface porosity? a" RT F199 b c. determine the approximate pounds per square in. intermittent b c. 2.136 psi d" 41. 2. F203 sharper less distinct 'MT cannot detect a subsurface flaw 1 in.000 MFa F201 b.000 9425 x 106 1 in.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F198 Using the appropriate conversion factor from the chart on page 41. d. below the surface will appear how as com- An MT indication of a subsurface discontinuity pared to a surface discontinuity? a. F202 448 x 108 448 9. d. Steel weld test plates brushed clean c. careful interpass cleaning of subsequent layer and beads of FeA W c insufficient preheat of test plate d insufficient shielding gas flow in GTA W e" improper fitup of GMA W test plates 35 .36 psi e 2. determine the approximate for a tensile strength of 65. insufficient groove angle in an SMA W single V-grcove weld b. (psi) for a yield strength of 198 Mf'a a. e. a casting that has been sand blasted e a weld test plate with defects removed by machining Using the conversion factors provided in the chart on page 41. c.871 x 104 psi c.

weld leg Where should the preheat temperature be measured? a. the effective throat c. groove weld size e. e. in the weld groove b 12 in. the theoretical throat d weld size e. 2-3 in hom the weld groove e. c. overlap The dimension "E" in Figure 17 is: a. the recommended amperage and voltage for welding as published by the manufacturer describes what should be included in a WPS . convexity h. is meant by the term essential variable? Data on a WPS that if changed during production will render a WPS disqualified. preheat temperature need not be measured 36 E F206 Figure 17 F207 F208 F209 . Data on an MTR that is essential to the chemistry of the material. fillet weld profile The dimension "A" in Figure 17 is the: a. F205 The dimension "S" in Figure 17 is: a... the actual throat h. point of tangency d. d. concavity c.... h.. Data on an inspection report that if changed render the report disqualified. the theoretical throat d weld size e convexity The dimension "D" in Figure 17 is: a' the actual throat h. the effective throat c. where the arc will be initiated d.. the weld throat h.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F204 What a. from the weld groove c. the weld size c. face reinforcement d weld size e.

2. ask that the welder use another process How a b.758 d. porosity c.580 c. determine the pressure in kPa. an indication that renders a part unusable e an interruption in the uniformity of a. ask that the welder be terminated c. 2758 e 275. never rejectable.758 b.. all of the above F211 F212 Figure 18 F213 can be caused by poor welding technique? F214 If a welder is continually turning out rejectable work. of an 37 ..weldment What weld discontinuity is shown in the radiograph in Figure 18? a. incomplete fusion b. tungsten inclusions An oxygen regulator is set fOI 40 psi Using the appropriate conversion factor from the chart on page 41. c. 27. the welding inspector should: a inspect his work more critically b.8 Which of the following discontinuities a. overlap e. but its condition should be noted in the inspection report c always a defect d.Welding Inspection 'Technology Fundamentals Examination F210 A discontinuity is: a always rejectable h. require requalification d instruct the welder in proper techniques e. e. undercut d. crack b.. incomplete j oint penetration c porosity d burn through e. a" 2. does a welder become certified? certification can only be obtained by taking a weld test given by a eWI by giaduating from a welding school by having documented proof of 5 years in welding industry by documenting successful completion of a weld test according to the requirements applicable standard certification can only be obtained by taking a weld test at an approved test center F215 d.

Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F216 Which discontinuity occurs in the heat.65o. 0.61 conversion F220 factor ITem the chart on page 41. crater crack c.affected zone and can result from excess moisture in the weld zone? a. ___ L. tungsten inclusions d porosity e.. a. b._.30.. are taken from a tensile specimen to determine area? F217 F218 establishing a PQR? the type and number of tests required is determined by the applicable standard a face and root bend will qualify all plates testing requirements are determined by the contractor and approved by the inspector destructive testing is required only if a problem is suspected a weld test plate does not have to be mechanically tested to establish a PQR is not associated with GT A W? F219 Which of the following discontinuities a.d... e..-lb.. mass and volume b. b.. c.. and broke at a tensile load of 24.-(..9 c.0 sq ... convert a travel speed of F221 Using the appropriate conversion factor from the chart on page 41. 49. lack of fusion b..:s~.65 Pa 565 kPa 5. c.):. calculate the ultimate tensile strength in MPa of a tensile specimen having a cross-sectional area of 0.88 d.. d. width and thickness e.kPa 38 . 88. undercut Using the appropriate 21 ipm to mm/s._ __ = Tensile strength (psi) Area of specimen (sq .. d e..) a .. e. centerline crack Which of the following measurements a. length and thickness c width and length 565 Pa 565 MPa 5. underbead crack d porosity e._oa-..9 b.600 lbs . 0. slag inclusions c. load and pressure When a. throat crack b.

incomplete fusion h. F223 F224 b. tungsten inclusions d. AWS D1. porosity c. is solely responsible for determination of a weldment's conformance to acceptable standards b. inspects weldments only under the direction of a CWI or SCWI c. c. C. incomplete penetration e.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination F222 Which of the following discontinuities are not found with GMAW? a. d. cannot inspect critical weldments d. performs all inspections the same as a CWI e all of the above NDE technicians are certified in accordance with: a. cracks The CAWI: a.1 API 1104 ASNT SNT-TC-IA AS:ME Section VI AS:ME Section IX 39 ..

7854 (OD2 .. - = = Joules (energy) welding voltage welding amperage inches pel minute Carbon Equivalent CE = %C + %Mn + %Ni + %Cu+ %Mo 6 15 13 14 40 . Ill.Final Area Original Area x 100 Tensile Strength General UTS= Pmax Area where: P max = load to break specimen Area = specimen's original cross-sectional area UTS for full section pipe Yield Strength YS = Pmax 0.Original Gage Length Original Gage Length x 100 Percent Reduction of Area % Reduction of Area = Original Area .Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination WIT-Useful Ar'ea of Square or Rectangle Area Ar'ea Of' r= Formulae length x width 01: Area = width x thickness Circle Area X radius- > 11: or: AI-ea= 11: X --- diameter4 or: Area = 0.7854 x diameter- Percent Elongation % Elongation = Final Gage Length .ID2) = Load at specified offset Original cross-sectional area Welding Heat Input It _ V xA x 60 Travel Speed (ipm) where: T V A Ipm = ::::.

mm- Customary and 51 To: mm? .048 3.2 ill From: Multiply By: 6.205 6.362 7..205 4 .50 69 x 10-2 ft mm mass pressure -. ) 8 + 32 MPa psi 6895 1450 4233 2.895 X 10-3 0145 1..4 3..937 3.550 2 X X 102 10-3 Nin2 Azrnm? Alin Nmm2 lb/hr kg/hI 1550 6.. 54 X 10-2 25.. Tim in.452 0454 2. mm 39.Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination Welding Usage Conversion Chart-U.32)11 .37 2 .281 0.362 x x 10-3 102 mmls in/min ton mmls in/min x 10-1 x 10-3 41 .119 x 10-3 x 102 kg/hr lb/hr l/min flow rate heat input linear measure ft3fh l/min J/in x 10-1 ft3fh Tim J/in.423 2.501 0.452 1. Property" area dimensions current density deposition rate To Convert '2 In.. mm ill. 19 7 2 .450 x 102 14.. 95 8 6.454 2.S.8 cae x 1.. mm ft kg lb kPa MPa pSI psi psi bar °e x 10-2 x 102 x 10-3 lb kg psi pSI kPa MPa bar pSI temperature tensile strength travel speed vacuum wire feed speed OF °C psi MPa in/min mmls Pa in/min mmls OF (OF ..

Welding Inspection Technology Fundamentals Examination ANSWER KEY FI F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 FlO Fl1 F12 F13 FI4 FIS F16 FI7 F18 FI9 F20 F21 F22 F23 F24 F25 F26 F27 F28 F29 F30 F31 F32 F33 F34 F35 F36 F37 F38 F39 F40 F41 F42 F43 FM c a c a b a c b c c a a e b b e c d e c a b b d e c c d c e e d b b b a d c b c c b c c b F45 F46 a F47 F48 F49 F50 F5I F52 F53 F54 F55 F56 F57 F58 F59 F60 F61 F62 F63 F64 F65 F66 F67 F68 F69 F70 F71 F72 F73 F74 F75 F76 F77 F78 F79 F80 F81 F82 F83 F84 F85 F86 F87 F8S F89 F90 F91 F92 a d d c a b d c c e b e b c b d e c a b c b a a b c c e b c b a a a c c c a a e c e b c a b F93 F94 F95 F96 F97 F98 F99 F100 FlOI F102 FlO3 F104 F105 F106 FlO7 FlO8 FlO9 FIlO FIl1 Fl12 FI13 F114 FIl5 F116 FIll F118 F119 F120 FI21 FI22 F123 Fl24 FI25 F126 Fl27 FI28 FI29 F130 F131 F132 F133 F134 Fl35 F136 F137 F138 a c b b c c b a d b c a c c b b b c d b a c a e c a a c c e c d b b e a c d a a a b c b b a 42 F139 FI40 FI4I F142 Fl43 FI44 F145 F146 F147 F148 F149 F150 FI51 F152 FI53 F154 FI55 F156 FI57 F158 F159 FI60 Fl61 F162 F163 FI64 F165 FI66 FI67 F168 F169 F170 F171 FI72 F173 F174 FI75 F176 FI77 FI78 Fl79 FI80 Fl81 Fl82 FI83 FIS4 c b b a b b c b c b c d d e a d c b b b c a c c d e b c c c a b c d c b e c e d F185 FI86 FI87 FI88 Fl89 F190 FI91 Fl92 F193 F194 FI95 F196 F197 FI98 FI99 F200 F201 F202 F203 F204 F205 F206 F207 F208 F209 F210 F211 F212 F213 F214 F215 F216 F217 F218 F219 F220 F221 F222 F223 F224 a d a d e b d b d a b e b b a d c d a a b a a b d e e e e c d c d a b b b c b c a e b c d e .