CCENT Practice Certification Exam # 2

1 Data is being sent from a source PC to a destination server. Which three statements correctly describe the function of TCP or UDP in this situation? (Choose three.) 1. The UDP destination port number identifies the application or service on the server which will handle the data. 2. TCP is the preferred protocol when a function requires lower network overhead. 3. UDP segments are encapsulated within IP packets for transport across the network. 4. The source port field identifies the running application or service that will handle data returning to the PC. 5. The TCP source port number identifies the sending host on the network. 6. The TCP process running on the PC randomly selects the destination port when establishing a session with the server. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1, Option 3, Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 4.1.5 Port Addressing 2 In what two situations would UDP be the preferred transport protocol over TCP? (Choose two.) when applications need to guarantee that a packet arrives intact, in sequence, and unduplicated when a faster delivery mechanism is needed when delivery overhead is not an issue when applications do not need to guarantee delivery of the data when destination port numbers are dynamic Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2, Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 4.4.1 UDP - Low Overhead vs. Reliability 3 Refer to the exhibit. Workstation A sends an IP packet to workstation B. Which two statements describe the encapsulation of the packet as it passes through the network?

The Layer 2 header is stripped from the packet by each router. The destination Layer 2 address of the packet does not change. The source Layer 3 address of the packet changes at each router. The Layer 2 header changes at each router. The Layer 3 header is stripped from the packet by each router. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1, Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 7.4.1 Follow Data Through an Internetwork 4 Refer to the exhibit. A switch with a default configuration connects four hosts. The ARP table for host A is shown. What happens when host A wants to send an IP packet to host D?

Host A sends an ARP request to the MAC address of host D. Host D sends an ARP request to host A. Host A sends out the packet to the switch. The switch sends the packet only to the host D, which in turn responds. Host A sends out a broadcast of FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF. Every other host connected to the switch receives the broadcast and host D responds with its MAC address. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 9.7.1 The ARP Process - Mapping IP to MAC Addresses 5 What three services are provided by the transport layer? (Choose three.) flow control encryption of data path determination connection establishment error recovery bit transmission data representation Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1, Option 4, Option 5 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 4.1.2 Controlling the Conversations 6 Which layer of the OSI model handles the process of identifying and

discarding damaged frames? presentation session transport network data link physical Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 5 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 7.3.4 Framing - Role of the Trailer 7 Refer to the exhibit. Considering the information that follows and the exhibit, where is the data flowing?

Source IP address: 192.168.1.88 Destination IP address: 209.165.200.225 Source MAC address: 00-11-12-7a-41-10 Destination MAC address: 00-0d-cc-f4-ad-2c Source Port: 1464 Destination Port: 23 A – from laptop to access point B – from access point to attached switch C – from host to default gateway router D – from router to ISP Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 7.4.1 Follow Data Through an Internetwork 8 Refer to the exhibit. If Host 1 needs to request its IP address from the server, what protocol would be used to process that request?

CSMA/CD CSMA/CA DHCP ICMP NAT FTP Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 6.3.2 Static or Dynamic Addressing for End User Devices 9 Refer to the exhibit. If Host 1 were to transfer a file to the server, what layers of the TCP/IP model would be used?

only application and Internet layers only Internet and network access layers only application, Internet, and network access layers application, transport, Internet, and network access layers only application, transport, network, data link, and physical layers application, session, transport, network, data link, and physical layers Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 7.3.5 Data Link Layer Protocols - The Frame 10 ABC company needs to connect its router to an ISP to access the Internet. What device is needed to connect the router to the ISP if the ISP supplies a T1 leased line for the connection? CSU/DSU modem DSL router NT1 device ISDN modem

Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 10.2.3 Making WAN Connections

11 Refer to the exhibit. How many collision domains exist in the exhibited

network? 1 2 3 6 7 Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 9.4.2 CSMA/CD - The Process 12 What are two actions performed by a Cisco switch? (Choose two.) building a routing table that is based on the first IP address in the frame header using the source MAC addresses of frames to build and maintain a MAC address table forwarding frames with unknown destination IP addresses to the default gateway utilizing the MAC address table to forward frames via the destination MAC address examining the destination MAC address to add new entries to the MAC address table Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2, Option 4 2.1.1 Key Elements of Ethernet/802.3 Networks 13 A network administrator wants to configure a Cisco 2960 switch so

that access to each switch port is limited to one MAC address. What will accomplish the administrator’s objective? Cisco Discovery Protocol port security Internet Control Message Protocol access lists flow control Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2 CCNA Exploration: LAN Switching and Wireless

2.4.6 Configuring Port Security

14 When would you want to use the switchport port-security macaddress sticky command? whenever you need to protect an unused switch port whenever you want the port to only allow a single host device to connect whenever you need the port to recognize the statically assigned MAC address in the MAC address table whenever multiple devices share the same port Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 4 CCNA Exploration: LAN Switching and Wireless 2.4.6 Configuring Port Security 15 Refer to the exhibit. Switch1 has only the following commands added to a default Cisco 2960 configuration:

enable secret cisco line vty 0 4 password Kn0ckkn-cK login interface vlan 1 ip address 10.0.1.8 255.255.255.0

no shutdown Assume that routing between networks is functioning properly and that Switch2 has been properly configured for remote access. What would the result be if the telnet 10.0.2.2 command is issued from Switch1 privileged mode? The following prompt would appear: User Access Verification Password: Switch2 would return a destination unreachable message to Switch1. Router1 would return a destination unreachable message to Switch1. The packet would be dropped. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 11.2.4 Configuring Interfaces

16 When configuring a switch to use SSH for virtual terminal connections, what is the purpose of the crypto key generate rsa command? show SSH connected hosts disconnect SSH connected hosts create a public and private key pair show active SSH ports on the switch access the SSH database configuration Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: LAN Switching and Wireless 2.4.3 Configure Telnet and SSH 17 Which three statements are true about full-duplex operation on an Ethernet network? (Choose three.) There are no collisions in full-duplex mode. A dedicated switch port is required for each node. Hub ports are preconfigured for full-duplex mode. The host network card must detect the availability of the media before transmitting. The host network card and the switch port must both be in full-duplex mode. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1, Option 2, Option 5 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 9.6.2 Ethernet - Using Switches 18 What are three characteristics of CSMA/CD? (Choose three.) Devices can be configured with a higher transmission priority. A jam signal indicates that the collision has cleared and the media is not busy. A device listens and waits until the media is not busy before transmitting. The device with the electronic token is the only one that can transmit after a collision.

All of the devices on a segment see data that passes on the network medium. After detecting a collision, hosts can attempt to resume transmission after a random time delay has expired. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3, Option 5, Option 6 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 9.4.2 CSMA/CD - The Process

19

Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response See feedback. 1 CCNA Exploration: LAN Switching and Wireless 2.3.6 Basic Switch Configuration 20 Which three addresses are valid public addresses? (Choose three.) 198.133.219.17 192.168.1.245 10.15.250.5 128.107.12.117 192.15.301.240 64.104.78.227 Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1, Option 4, Option 6 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 6.2.5 Public and Private Addresses 21 Refer to the exhibit. Four hosts are being added to the 172.16.112.0 network. Which IP address is invalid as a host address for this network?

172.16.113.55 172.16.112.255 172.16.127.255 172.16.112.89 172.16.120.96 Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 6.2.2 Calculating Network, Hosts and Broadcast Addresses

22 Refer to the exhibit. Using PAT, RouterA is configured to translate all private inside addresses to a single public address. The network administrator wants to determine which port number is being used in the translation of the ComputerA inside private IP address. Which

command could be used if the administrator sits at ComputerA but is not allowed remote access to RouterA? ipconfig /all traceroute netstat tracert Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 4.5.1 Observing TCP and UDP using Netstat CCNA Exploration: Accessing the WAN 7.2.8 Verifying and Troubleshooting NAT Configurations 23 What type of address is 172.16.134.64 with the subnet mask 255.255.255.224? This is a usable host address.

This is a broadcast address. This is a network address. This is an Internet-routable address. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 6.2.2 Calculating Network, Hosts and Broadcast Addresses 24 The router reads each bit to determine the class of an address. Which three series of binary numbers would the router identify as public Class C addresses? (Choose three.) 10101100.00100000.00010001.00010111 11000110.10000101.11011011.01010111 11010001.10100101.11001000.11101101 11000000.10101000.00100000.01000000 11000000.00011111.00000111.10111011 Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2, Option 3, Option 5 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 6.2.5 Public and Private Addresses

25 Given a host with the IP address 192.168.65.54 and a subnet mask of 255.255.255.240, to which network does the host belong? 192.168.65.16 192.168.65.32 192.168.65.48 192.168.65.64 Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 6.5.1 Basic subnetting

26 Refer to the exhibit. Which IP address can be assigned to the

default gateway for host A? 10.184.0.1 10.192.0.0 10.199.255.254 10.200.255.254 Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 6.2.2 Calculating Network, Hosts and Broadcast Addresses 27 Refer to the exhibit. What would be a valid network address for

the new subnet on RTA? 10.16.10.16/28 10.16.10.24/28 10.16.10.30/28 10.16.10.56/28 10.16.10.72/28 Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 6.2.2 Calculating Network, Hosts and Broadcast Addresses 28 Refer to the exhibit. The network shown is using classful subnetting. The serial link between routers A and B is configured with addresses from the 172.16.6.0/23 subnet. How many valid IP addresses are wasted on this subnetwork?

252 254 256 508 510 512 Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 6.5.3 Subnetting - Subnetting a Subnet 29 What are three valid host addresses given a subnet mask of 255.255.254.0? (Choose three.) 64.100.2.255 172.55.33.255 64.104.129.0 192.168.162.255 10.165.55.255 128.107.62.0 Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1, Option 3, Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 6.2.2 Calculating Network, Hosts and Broadcast Addresses 30 Refer to the exhibit. Which two interfaces could be used for a leased-line WAN connection? (Choose two.)

A B C D E F Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1, Option 2 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 10.2 Device Interconnections

31 What type of cable is used for connectivity between a model 2620 router and a model 2950 switch (point A), a model 2950 switch and a model 1900 switch (point B), and a model 2950 switch and a host (point C)?

A A A A A A

– – – – – –

straight-through; B – rollover; C – straight-through crossover; B – straight-through; C – straight-through straight-through; B – straight-through; C – crossover crossover; B – straight-through; C – crossover straight-through; B – crossover; C – straight-through straight-through; B – crossover; C – crossover

Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 5 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 10.2.2 Making LAN Connections 32 Refer to the exhibit. A small business has asked for advice about what type of cable will be needed to connect their modular routers. What type of connector is used by each device that is shown?

WIC-2T is a DB60 connector, WIC1T is a Smart Serial connector, and WIC1ENET is an RJ45 connector. WIC-2T is an RJ45 connector, WIC1T is a DB60 connector, and WIC-1ENET is a Smart Serial connector. WIC-2T is a DB60 connector, WIC1T is a Smart Serial connector, and WIC1ENET is an RJ45 connector. WIC-2T is a Token Ring connector, WIC1T is a DB25 connector, and WIC-1ENET is an RJ11 connector. WIC-2T is a Smart Serial connector, WIC1T is a DB60 connector, and WIC1ENET is an RJ45 connector. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 5 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 10.2.3 Making WAN Connections

33 Refer to the exhibit. The router that is named myhome has received a frame from the host 192.168.254.7. The contents of this frame are being sent to host 172.16.14.243. What is the Layer 2

destination address of the frame as it leaves the myhome router? 0008.a3b6.ce05 0009.1281.18a8 000a.8a47.e612 172.16.14.129 172.16.14.243 192.168.254.7 Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 11.1.6 IOS Examination Commands 34 Why is it important for the router to maintain an accurate routing table? to to to to provide Layer 2 addressing information for the next hop prevent broadcasts from occurring on the LAN determine the best path to the destination network identify all of the routers in a network

Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Routing Protocols and Concepts 1.4.2 Best Path and Metric

35 Refer to the exhibit. Based on the exhibited router output, what two conclusions can be made? (Choose two.)

The enable password has been encrypted. The service password-encryption command has not been added to the configuration. The passwords that are shown restrict access to the router console. The password that will gain access to privileged mode is sys#op. The passwords that are shown will be required to enter privileged EXEC mode on this router. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2, Option 5 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 11.2.2 Limiting Device Access Configuring Passwords and Using Banners 36 What would be a common reason to upgrade from RIPv1 to RIPv2? RIPv2 RIPv2 RIPv2 RIPv2 takes less router memory than RIPv1 takes. supports a larger network (more routers) than RIPv1 supports. supports discontiguous networks and RIPv1 does not. supports classless routing. RIPv1 is classful.

Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Routing Protocols and Concepts 7.2.1 Enabling and Verifying RIPv2

37 Refer to the exhibit. Which two statements are true of the output

shown? (Choose two.) The protocol that communicated this information operates at Layer 3 of the OSI model. The output of this command displays information about directly connected Cisco devices only. The switch is attached to the SanJose1 FastEthernet0/21 interface. SanJose1 is running CDP version 12.0. SanJose1 has two fully operational, CDP-enabled Cisco switches directly connected to it. SanJose2 is a 2600 series router running several routed protocols. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2, Option 6 CCNA Exploration: Routing Protocols and Concepts 2.3.3 Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)

38 Which two statements describe the command ip route 192.168.7.24 255.255.255.248 192.168.7.9? (Choose two.) A packet that is destined for host 192.168.7.30 will be forwarded to address 192.168.7.9. The address 192.168.7.9 is the destination network for this route. The address 192.168.7.24 is the next-hop router in this command. This command is issued from the interface configuration mode. This command is used to define a static route. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 1, Option 5

CCNA Exploration: Routing Protocols and Concepts 2.4.2 Configuring Static Routes 39 Which group of commands allows a router to be administered remotely? line con 0 password class login interface fa0/1 ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0 access-class 1 in line vty 0 4 password cisco login interface vlan 1 ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0 no shutdown Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 11.2.1 Devices Need Names 40 Which protocol is described as an enhanced distance vector routing protocol? RIP v1 RIP v2 EIGRP OSPF Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Routing Protocols and Concepts 9.1.1 EIGRP: An Enhanced Distance Vector Routing Protocol

41 Why is the ip host command used to create host tables on Cisco routers? to to to to to create static routes to specific hosts allow communication with other IP devices by name provide a meaningful name for the local router identify only the directly attached networks and associated hosts define the host devices with which the router is allowed to connect

Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2

CCNA Exploration: Routing Protocols and Concepts 1.2.2 Basic Router Configuration 42 Refer to the exhibit. From router R1, the command telnet 192.168.11.2 is entered from privileged mode and this message displays:

00:06:45: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console 192.168.11.2 Trying 192.168.11.2 . . . Open Password required, but none set If the R2 interfaces are in the status shown in the exhibit, what is the most likely problem? The enable secret command is missing from R2. The enable password command is missing from R1. The login command is missing from the line configuration mode on R2. The password command is missing from the line configuration mode on R2. The login command is missing from the console mode on R2. The no shutdown command is missing from the Serial 0/0 interface mode on R1. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 11.2.2 Limiting Device Access Configuring Passwords and Using Banners

43 Which two items can be modified by the system administrator to determine from where the Cisco IOS loads? (Choose two.) system ROM startup configuration file system image file configuration register value bootloader image file

Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2, Option 4 CCNA Exploration: Routing Protocols and Concepts 1.1.4 Router Boot-up Process 44 What are two requirements for establishing a console communication session between a computer and a router? (Choose two.) A console cable must be used from the console port of the router to the NIC of the computer. A rollover cable must be used from the console port of the router to the serial port of the computer. A default gateway must be configured on the computer. The IP addresses assigned to the router and computer must be on the same subnetwork. There must be a terminal emulator application on the computer. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2, Option 5 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 10.5.2 Making the Device Management Connection 45

Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response See feedback. 1 46 What is the outcome when a wireless host has a different SSID configured than the access point to which it is attempting to connect? The access point will send the host a rejection message. The host will be prompted for a userid and password.

The The The The

access point will send the host a challenge message. host will only be allowed access to the Internet. access point will send the host a re-authentication request message. host will not be allowed access to the wireless network.

Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 6 CCNA Exploration: LAN Switching and Wireless 7.1.4 Wireless Operation 47 A wireless network has one access point installed. Users at some locations in the office complain that their wireless access is slow, while others say that the wireless network performance is fine. What should be done to remedy this situation? Replace the access point. Install another access point at another location within the office. Upgrade the wireless NICs in the hosts that are slow. Limit the number of wireless hosts that attach to the access point at one time. Convert back to a wired network. Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2 CCNA Exploration: LAN Switching and Wireless 7.1.5 Planning the Wireless LAN 48 Which technology is primarily used for security in a wireless network environment? SSH WPA SSID CSMA/CA CSMA/CD Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 2 CCNA Exploration: LAN Switching and Wireless 7.2.2 Wireless Security Protocols

49

Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response See feedback. 1 50 Which technology is primarily used in a WAN? ARP CDP PPP WEP CSMA/CD Observable Description Max Value 1 correctness of response 1 point for Option 3 CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals 7.3.5 Data Link Layer Protocols - The Frame