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Technical Handbook

®

Worldwide Level and Flow SolutionsSM

This Technical

Table of Contents

Handbook is the

Conversions
Metric Values................................................................................1
Metric Prefixes..............................................................................1
Temperature .................................................................................2
Flow Rate .....................................................................................3
Miscellaneous...............................................................................5

result of a combined
effort by the
Engineering, Sales,
and Marketing
Departments.

All reasonable efforts have
been made to accurately
compile the information
contained in this handbook.
However, no warranty is made
with regard to any such
information, and Magnetrol
cannot assume responsibility
for any possible errors or any
direct or indirect result of the
use of such information.

Equivalents
Liquid Measures and Weights....................................................12
Kinematic Viscosity ....................................................................12
Absolute Viscosity ......................................................................13
Electrical Units............................................................................13
Degrees API and Degrees Baumé.............................................14
Kinematic and Saybolt Viscosity ................................................15
Pressure and Head ....................................................................16
Properties
Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Liquids ......................17
Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Gases .......................18
Density and Specific Gravity of Saturated Water.......................19
Density of Superheated Steam and Compressed Water ...........20
Specific Gravity of Petroleum Products .....................................21
Density of Air ..............................................................................22
Speed of Sound .........................................................................22
Dielectric Constants of Liquids...................................................23
Dielectric Constants of Solids ....................................................29
Viscosity of Gases and Vapors ..................................................30
Viscosity of Water and Steam ....................................................31
Viscosity of Various Liquids........................................................31
Viscosity of Petroleum Products ................................................32
Pipe Data
Dimensions of Blind Flanges......................................................33
Flange Ratings by Class ............................................................35
Cast Iron Pipe ............................................................................38
Steel Pipe ...................................................................................39

Conversions: Metric Values
The table below provides a fast and easy means of
conversion from one metric notation to another. The value
labeled “Unit” represents a basic unit of measurement, such
as meter, gram, ohm, erg, etc. First, locate the original value
in the left-hand column. Follow the row horizontally to the
vertical column headed by the prefix of the desired value. The
arrow and figure at this intersection represent the direction in
which the decimal point should be moved and the number of
places to move it.

Example: Convert 0.15 kilowatts to watts. Starting at the
“Kilo-” box in the left-hand column, move horizontally to the
column headed by “Unit” (since watt is a basic unit of
measurement), and read 3
. Thus 0.15 kilowatts is the
equivalent of 150 watts.
Example: Convert 4,500 kilohertz to megahertz, read in the
box horizontal to “Kilo-” and under “Mega-” the notation
3, which means a shift of the decimal point three places
to the left. Thus, 4,500 kilohertz is the equivalent of 4.5
megahertz.

Desired Value

Original
Value

Tera-

TeraGigaMegaMyriaKiloHectoDekaUnit
DeciCentiMilliMicroNanoPico-

Giga3

3
6
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
18
21
24

Mega6
3

3
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
15
18
21

Myria8
5
2

Kilo9
6
3
1

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
12
15
18

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10
13
16

Hecto- Deka10
11
7
8
4
5
2
3
1
2
1

1
2
3
4
5
6
9
12
15

1
2
3
4
5
8
11
14

Unit
12
9
6
4
3
2
1

1
2
3
4
7
10
13

Deci13
10
7
5
4
3
2
1

1
2
3
6
9
12

1
2
5
8
11

Centi14
11
8
6
5
4
3
2
1
1
4
7
10

Milli15
12
9
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
3
6
9

Micro18
15
12
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
6

Nano21
18
15
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
3

Pico24
21
18
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
6
3

3

Conversions: Metric Prefixes
atto. .
femto
pico .
nano.
micro

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.
.
.
.

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.

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.

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.
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.
.

a . . . . . . . one-quintillionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
f. . . . . . . . one-quadrillionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
p . . . . . . . one-trillionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
n . . . . . . . one-billionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
µ . . . . . . . one-millionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

milli. . . . . . . . . . . . . m.
centi . . . . . . . . . . . . c .
deci . . . . . . . . . . . . d .
uni . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
deka . . . . . . . . . . . . da

.
.
.
.
.

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.

one-thousandth
one-hundredth .
one-tenth . . . . .
one . . . . . . . . .
ten . . . . . . . . . .

hecto
kilo . .
mega
giga .
tera. .

.
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.
.

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one
one
one
one
one

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h.
k .
M.
G.
T.

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.

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hundred. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
thousand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
million . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000
billion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000
trillion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000 000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

000 000 000 000 001 ..............................10–18
000 000 000 001 ......................................10–15
000 000 001 ..............................................10–12
000 001.......................................................10–9
001...............................................................10–6

0.001 .......................................................................10–3
0.01 .........................................................................10–2
0.1 ...........................................................................10–1
1.0 ...........................................................................100
10.0 ...........................................................................101
100.0 ...........................................................................102
000.0 ...........................................................................103
000.0 ...........................................................................106
000.0 ...........................................................................109
000.0 ...........................................................................1012

1

Conversions: Temperature
Locate temperature in middle column. If in degrees Celsius, read Fahrenheit equivalent in right hand column; if in degrees
Fahrenheit, read Celsius equivalent in left hand column.

1 to 60°

–459.4° to 0°
C

F

C

C
F

F

C

C
F

300° to 890°
F

C

C
F

900° to 3000°
F

C

C
F

F

–273.1
–268
–262
–257
–251

–459.7
–450
–440
–430
–420

–17.2
–16.7
–16.1
–15.6
–15.0

1
2
3
4
5

33.8
35.6
37.4
39.2
41.0

16.1
16.7
17.2
17.8
18.3

61
62
63
64
65

141.8
143.6
145.4
147.2
149.0

149
154
160
166
171

300
310
320
330
340

572
590
608
626
644

482
488
493
499
504

900
910
920
930
940

1652
1670
1688
1706
1724

–246
–240
–234
–229
–223

–410
–400
–390
–380
–370

–14.4
–13.9
–13.3
–12.8
–12.2

6
7
8
9
10

42.8
44.6
46.4
48.2
50.0

18.9
19.4
20.0
20.6
21.1

66
67
68
69
70

150.8
152.6
154.4
156.2
158.0

177
182
188
193
199

350
360
370
380
390

662
680
698
716
734

510
516
521
527
532

950
960
970
980
990

1742
1760
1778
1796
1814

–218
–212
–207
–201
–196

–360
–350
–340
–330
–320

–11.7
–11.1
–10.6
–10.0
– 9.4

11
12
13
14
15

51.8
53.6
55.4
57.2
59.0

21.7
22.2
22.8
23.3
23.9

71
72
73
74
75

159.8
161.6
163.4
165.2
167.0

204
210
216
221
227

400
410
420
430
440

752
770
788
806
824

538
549
560
571
582

1000
1020
1040
1060
1080

1832
1868
1904
1940
1976

–190
–184
–179
–173
–169

–310
–300
–290
–280
–273.1

–459.7





8.9
8.3
7.8
7.2
6.7

16
17
18
19
20

60.8
62.6
64.4
66.2
68.0

24.4
25.0
25.6
26.1
26.7

76
77
78
79
80

168.8
170.6
172.4
174.2
176.0

232
238
243
249
254

450
460
470
480
490

842
860
878
896
914

593
604
616
627
638

1100
1120
1140
1160
1180

2012
2048
2084
2120
2156

–168
–162
–157
–151
–146

–270
–260
–250
–240
–230

–454
–436
–418
–400
–382





6.1
5.6
5.0
4.4
3.9

21
22
23
24
25

69.8
71.6
73.4
75.2
77.0

27.2
27.8
28.3
28.9
29.4

81
82
83
84
85

177.8
179.6
181.4
183.2
185.0

260
266
271
277
282

500
510
520
530
540

932
940
968
986
1004

649
660
671
682
693

1200
1220
1240
1260
1280

2192
2228
2264
2300
2336

–140
–134
–129
–123
–118

–220
–210
–200
–190
–180

–364
–346
–328
–310
–292





3.3
2.8
2.2
1.7
1.1

26
27
28
29
30

78.8
80.6
82.4
84.2
86.0

30.0
30.6
31.1
31.7
32.2

86
87
88
89
90

186.8
188.6
190.4
192.2
194.0

288
293
299
304
310

550
560
570
580
590

1022
1040
1058
1076
1094

704
732
760
788
816

1300
1350
1400
1450
1500

2372
2462
2552
2642
2732

–112
–107
–101
– 96
– 90

–170
–160
–150
–140
–130

–274
–256
–238
–220
–202

– 0.6
0.0
0.6
1.1
1.7

31
32
33
34
35

87.8
89.6
91.4
93.2
95.0

32.8
33.3
33.9
34.4
35.0

91
92
93
94
95

195.8
197.6
199.4
201.2
203.0

316
321
327
332
338

600
610
620
630
640

1112
1130
1148
1166
1184

843
871
899
927
954

1550
1600
1650
1700
1750

2822
2912
3002
3092
3182





84
79
73
68
62

–120
–110
–100
– 90
– 80

–184
–166
–148
–130
–112

2.2
2.8
3.3
3.9
4.4

36
37
38
39
40

96.8
98.6
100.4
102.2
104.0

35.6
36.1
36.7
37.2
37.8

96
97
98
99
100

204.8
206.6
208.4
210.2
212.0

343
349
354
360
366

650
660
670
680
690

1202
1220
1238
1256
1274

982
1010
1038
1066
1093

1800
1850
1900
1950
2000

3272
3362
3452
3542
3632





57
51
46
40
34





70
60
50
40
30





94
76
58
40
22

5.0
5.6
6.1
6.7
7.2

41
42
43
44
45

105.8
107.6
109.4
111.2
113.0

43
49
54
60
66

110
120
130
140
150

230
248
266
284
302

371
377
382
388
393

700
710
720
730
740

1292
1310
1328
1346
1364

1121
1149
1177
1204
1232

2050
2100
2150
2200
2250

3722
3812
3902
3992
4082

– 20
– 10
0

4
14
32

7.8
8.3
8.9
9.4
10.0

46
47
48
49
50

114.8
116.6
118.4
120.2
122.0

71
77
82
88
92

160
170
180
190
200

320
338
356
374
392

399
404
410
416
421

750
760
770
780
790

1382
1400
1418
1436
1454

1260
1288
1316
1343
1371

2300
2350
2400
2450
2500

4172
4262
4352
4442
4532

10.6
11.1
11.7
12.2
12.8

51
62
53
54
55

123.8
125.6
127.4
129.2
131.0

99
100
104
110
116

210
212
220
230
240

410
413.6
428
446
464

427
432
438
443
449

800
810
820
830
840

1472
1490
1508
1526
1544

1399
1427
1454
1482
1510

2550
2600
2650
2700
2750

4622
4712
4802
4892
4982

13.3
13.9
14.4
15.0
15.6

56
57
58
59
60

132.8
134.6
136.4
138.2
140.0

121
127
132
138
143

250
260
270
280
290

482
500
518
536
554

454
460
466
471
477

850
860
870
880
890

1562
1580
1598
1616
1634

1538
1566
1593
1621
1649

2800
2850
2900
2950
3000

5072
5162
5252
5342
5432

– 29
– 23
– 17.8

2

C
F

61° to 290°

404 2.) Line Size GPM 0.401 0.017 0.214 0.764 0.096 0.126 0.022 0.128 0.206 3.444 0.887 4.050 0.998 5.222 0.677 2.079 0.169 4.107 0.849 3.011 6.303 1.202 0.Conversions: Flow Rate Velocity in Feet per Second.443 1.016 0.033 0.200 1.095 0.333 0.000 1.119 1.245 2.008 1. Find the volume flow rate (gallons per minute) in the left hand column.012 0.610 3.473 0.158 0.666 1.500 0.326 0.276 5.364 3.459 3.962 1.630 0.279 0.378 0.022 0.402 0.814 0.093 0.886 3.411 5.645 2.910 2.034 .006 1.610 6.332 3.730 6.224 0.285 0.035 2.737 Line Size 3" 0.209 5.721 0.048 0.944 Line Size Line Size 4" 0.044 0.321 0.866 4.228 2.261 1.630 0.139 10.300 1.643 0.315 0.553 6.889 1.570 7.389 0.017 1.515 7.75 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1.428 0.020 0.555 0.714 2.821 9.686 9.285 1.685 7.012 0.489 4.777 0.032 0.388 1.412 6.569 9.857 2.512 1.026 0.109 6.810 5.476 4.498 8.072 0.800 2.513 0.606 4.016 2.252 0.756 0.0122 0.775 8.971 3.011 0.500 1.013 0.347 0.620 10.019 0.091 7.052 3.432 1.443 4.268 0.419 Line Size 6" 0.167 0.240 0.004 2.084 2.737 1.101 0.325 8.161 0.011 0.526 1.071 1.565 2.301 6.102 .192 0.03 0.337 8.0050 0.283 1.944 2.000 2.064 0.014 8.809 5.134 1.033 0.041 5.008 0.812 7.221 1.151 0.820 4.945 1.664 7.924 2.213 4.520 1.713 5.016 0.064 0.191 8.087 0.019 0.603 1.069 4.561 0.025 0.080 0.055 7.451 10.743 1.051 0.203 0.081 10.122 1.286 0.207 3.858 11.041 0.032 0.05 0.330 8.772 6.353 4.007 0.777 3.449 0.707 8.801 0.933 2.213 7.111 1.671 1.048 0.869 1.290 5.576 2.261 10" 0.730 1.882 1.939 4.878 9.712 0.511 7.726 2.474 4.007 4.257 0.697 6.151 3.093 6.285 5.033 0.323 1.163 0.865 3.640 10.671 6.130 0.551 8" 0.720 4.303 7.010 0.347 2.131 5.186 0.802 0.696 8.343 5.651 0.238 2.916 1.931 7.086 1.061 0.150 3.441 9.805 3.046 3.996 10.342 3.387 2.221 2.365 6.561 8.408 4.481 0.424 1.600 8.384 10.172 2.427 9.191 0.067 0.089 0.289 0.174 0.043 0.429 6.016 0.118 0.520 3.134 0.076 0.024 4.979 9.614 8.104 6.018 3.695 5.848 4. (Based on Schedule 40 pipe.297 4.885 9.060 11.011 0.039 0.142 0.019 0.054 3.165 4.400 1.764 2.442 2.712 Line Size 5" 0.024 0.040 3.775 5.25 0.201 0.183 0.857 1.021 0.174 3 .407 0.500 1" 0.955 1.261 0.321 0.100 1.477 0.054 0.160 0.454 11.550 2 1/2" 0.600 1.573 0.610 0.096 0.434 0.10 0.128 0.283 Line Size Line Size 1 1/4" 0.606 3.537 0.371 0. read the velocity flow rate (feet per second) for a specific line size in the right hand column.781 4.666 0.485 1.413 7.067 0.256 3.260 1.056 0.219 7.341 1.356 6.788 0.142 3.037 0.382 0.217 0.727 5.509 0.024 0.816 9.640 9.081 0.013 0.012 2.641 0.451 5.527 3.114 1.603 2.772 10.504 0.641 0.962 1.831 1.617 10.038 0.50 0.499 2.030 Line Size Line Size Line Size 2" 0.427 7.122 1.712 1 1/2" 0.405 2.278 0.385 0.515 6.111 0.683 3.954 2.011 0.662 3.883 5.244 0.335 0.628 1.764 1.160 0.282 1.

688 0.032 0.114 2.096 0.516 0.430 0.067 0.246 1.044 0.013 0.75 1.050 0.5 5.862 1.033 1.048 0.135 0.135 0.398 1.374 0.0 8.298 0.293 0.014 0.006 0.537 2.900 1.282 1.216 0.179 0.671 0.566 0.546 0.692 2.328 0.017 0.30 0.075 0.149 0.008 0.538 1.037 0.014 0.138 0.291 0.238 0.730 .769 0.045 0.623 2.034 0.043 1.301 0.097 0.150 1.819 2 1/2" 0.052 0.009 0.104 0.092 1.032 0.208 0.008 0.098 0.030 0.262 0.879 0.015 1.174 0.218 0.691 1.109 0.098 2.282 1.) Velocity in Meters per Second Find the volume flow rate (cubic meters per hour) in the left hand column.609 0.007 0.522 1.204 0.034 0.35 0.233 0.457 2.045 0.058 0.0 5.537 Line Size Line Size Line Size 2" 0.160 2.430 0.449 0.406 0.300 2.030 0.044 0.086 0.431 0.039 0.340 2.016 0.765 0.050 2.320 0.215 2.632 1.506 1.0 4.437 0.634 0.087 0.270 0.294 1.384 0.699 0.241 0.057 0.287 0.655 0.224 0.860 0.982 2.045 0.087 0.057 1.066 0.602 0.725 2.5 3.242 2.118 1.815 0.033 0.540 0.131 0.060 Line Size 3" 0.072 0.812 0.246 0.068 0.197 0.387 0.25 0.003 0.025 0.705 0.0 3.016 0.317 0.315 0. (Based on Schedule 40 pipe.013 0.014 0.215 0.011 0.012 2.620 1.258 0.321 0.186 0.676 0.205 Line Size Line Size 4" 0.047 0.498 0.271 0.559 0.933 1.180 0.583 0.205 1.163 1.051 0.150 1.043 0.613 1.480 1.159 0.410 0.199 0.009 0.043 0.596 0.022 0.074 0.897 1.032 0.387 0.947 1.183 1.338 0.721 1.089 0.005 0.327 0.042 0.043 0.011 0.914 3.273 0.5 6.353 1.044 Line Size 5" 0.520 2.010 0.014 0.744 0.377 1.026 0.581 3.466 0.025 0.249 0.128 0.086 0.388 0.683 8" 0.029 2.012 0.310 0.874 0.060 0.203 0.541 0.515 1.748 1.549 1.794 2.740 0.022 0.211 0.492 2.875 1 1/2" 0.936 2.355 0.582 3.186 0.027 0.172 0.5 2.175 0.344 0.307 2.731 0.250 1.706 3.006 0.169 0.268 0.052 0.473 0.018 0.026 0.006 0.969 1.820 0.021 0.437 1.032 0.022 0.118 0.368 2.151 2.209 0.15 0.087 2.689 0.030 0.) Line Size m3/hr 0.529 0.341 1.006 1.198 2.473 0.005 0.119 0.630 0.860 2.513 0.745 0.082 0.360 0.495 0.477 0.638 1.184 2.017 0.012 0.011 Line Size 6" 0.060 0.029 0.865 1.861 1.090 0.894 0.065 0.005 0.115 0.004 0.007 0.055 0.237 0.256 0.602 0.146 0.641 0.719 0.0 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 90 100 120 140 160 180 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 4 1" 0.100 0.129 0.009 0.085 0.075 1.101 0.440 1.911 2.537 0.053 0.744 1.023 0.025 0.447 0.417 0.080 1.747 0.331 2.049 1.10 0.063 0.075 0.011 0.019 0.120 0.490 1.846 0.009 0.423 0.405 0.20 0.164 0.258 0.002 0.40 0.774 0.151 0.207 0.103 0.218 1.559 0.004 0.149 0.0 7.382 0.029 0.054 0.068 0.741 Line Size Line Size 1 1/4" 0.117 0.010 0.166 1.036 0.Conversions: Flow Rate (cont.645 0.291 1.152 0.011 0.328 0.880 3.225 0.721 2.817 0.491 0.015 0.155 0.02 0.800 1.086 0.507 0.5 4.106 0.022 0.023 0.120 0.075 0.50 0.563 2.051 0.385 2.358 0.285 1.192 0.175 0.980 2.350 0.575 0.450 0.474 0.025 1.269 1.101 0.0 1. read the velocity flow rate (meters per second) for a specific line size in the right hand column.300 0.365 1.789 2.399 1.344 0.05 0.495 1.017 0.064 0.076 0.012 10" 0.581 1.038 0.027 0.019 0.952 1.700 2.085 0.993 2.003 0.144 0.108 0.577 0.0 2.069 0.152 2.038 0.968 1.015 0.189 0.118 0.153 0.192 1.003 0.775 0.720 0.645 0.997 1.082 1.008 0.983 1.125 0.516 0.172 0.142 0.020 0.004 0.275 0.

550.259 x 10⁵ amps. in. meters " cu.0 gilberts/cm. feet " cu. liq.S.600. meter coulombs/sq.728 x 10-⁴ 0./sec. in./sq.332. cu./sec.452 x 10-⁴ 3. watts foot-lbs.531 x 10-⁵ 0. meters 4.03704 7. foot-pounds/sec.01 amp-turns/in. inches " cu.5 2.840. meter pounds/sq.) cubic feet/min. meter 1. cms. meter coulombs/sq.3 252.2162 0.0 faradays 0. pounds/sq. " sq. cubic centimeters cu.01 3. meter 10.452 x 10-⁴ coulombs 3.854 x 10-⁷ 1.1550 amps/sq.0 (C° x 9/5) + 32 0. gram-cal. horsepower-hrs. " coulombs/sq.48052 28.01257 acres 0.562 x 10-³ sq.4 0.01 0.4950 amp-turns/cm. centimeters/sec.01757 17./sq.0 27. meters " cu.036 0. 0.1221 1.0 centares (centiares) sq. liq.06102 10-⁶ 1. in. ft. 0.1247 0.02356 0. yards 4.32 59.0 0.) " liters " pints (U. " feet/sec. meter " pounds/sq.9869 10⁶ 1. of mercury (at 0°C) 29. meters liters pecks pints (dry) quarts (dry) 0. cms.057 x 10-³ 0.7 1.7 10-⁵ 7. cm.0254 gilberts/cm.2931 12.550.01 0. miles 1.452 amps/sq. inches " cu. in.02237 3.) " quarts (U.0 amps/sq.1550 1.24 4.233 x 10-⁵ 0. 0./hr.150. mils " sq.0333 kgs. " miles/hr.Conversions: Miscellaneous TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY A acres " " " acre-feet " amperes/sq. 0.6 0.) cubic feet bushels (dry) " cu.067 x 10-⁶ 0.02832 0. " " " Btu/min.S.094 x 10-² 1.020 x 10-⁸ 7. " kilometers/hr./sq. liq. " cu.0 cu. horsepower kilowatts watts 42.929 x 10-⁴ 0. 1.0 ft.928 x 10-⁴ 0. meters Centigrade Fahrenheit centigrams grams centiliters liters centimeters feet " inches " kilometers " meters " miles " millimeters " mils " yards centimeter-dynes cm./sec.1969 0. " knots " meters/min. " gallons/sec. joules kilogram-calories kilogram-meters kilowatt-hrs.931 x 10-⁴ 1.320. " " ampere-turns/in. cm.-dynes " meter-kgs.50 1.52 10⁴ 0.0700 3.2520 107.020 x 10-³ 1.020 x 10⁴ 2.92 kgs. centimeters/sec.90 in. ft.S.089.214 x 10-⁶ 10. in./min. " " " gallons (oil) atmospheres dynes/sq. in.S. ft. cm. " " ampere-turns/meter " " ares " atmospheres " " " " " " TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY C sq./sq.113 x 10-³ 1./sec.8036 28. ft.642 x 10-⁴ 0. cu. 6./sec. cm. cm.0 gallons 3. feet 43. cm.0 sq.3937 10-⁵ 0.036 x 10-⁵ 64. meters 100. in.308 x 10-⁶ 2.43 5 .) " liters " pints (U. cu./sec.03281 0.03281 0. " pounds of water/min. feet/sec.03731 gilberts 1. liq.0 393.7854 7. in. yards " gallons (U.0550 x 10¹⁰ 778.036 0.0 3. 1.1934 1.02471 sq.37 gilberts/cm.01310 0. cm. bushels " " " " " " watts/sq. of water (at 4°C) 33.0 32.57 Btu/sq. " amperes/sq. " meters/sec. kgs.92 472. meter 10. " amperes/sq. ft. " pound-feet centimeter-grams cm.S. " coulombs/sq.0 pounds/sq. feet 43.728. ergs foot-lbs. 14. 2. meter coulombs/sq. meter " ampere-hours " ampere-turns ampere-turns/cm. " liters/sec.8 0.560./sq. 0. " miles/hr.0 cms.0 64. 6. cu.-grams " meter-kgs.) " quarts (U.0 amps/sq. coulombs/sq.0 0. cms. yards " gallons (U. coulombs/sq.85 0.4720 62. " pounds/sq. in. gram-calories horsepower-hrs.281 x 10-² 0./sec. in. liq. liq.0 0.2445 2. 0. cm.376 x 10-⁸ 980.540 amp-turns/meter 100.96 0. 10-⁴ amps/sq.257 amp-turns/in. circular mils sq. feet/min.84 29.047.4401 136.054.0 14.257 amp-turns/cm.3937 amp-turns/meter 39.001 2.70 tons/sq. inches coulombs faradays coulombs/sq. " coulombs/sq. 1.01 6. " miles/min.0 sq. of mercury 76. " pound-feet centimeters of mercury atmospheres " feet of water " kgs. in.03524 35. 1.058 B barrels (oil) bars " " " " Btu " " " " " " " Btu/hr.S.0 1.0 10-⁴ 6.500./sec.1943 0.02237 5. " kms.

097 0.260 x 10-⁵ 4. ft.0 radians/sec.061 x 10⁵ 0.-meters kilowatt-hrs./sec. horsepower kg./sec./day gallons/min.0 liters 10.600. 0./sq. in.248 x 10-⁶ bars 10-⁴ E ergs " " " 6 Btu dyne-centimeters foot-pounds gram-calories MULTIPLY BY E (cont. " " " feet/100 feet foot-pounds " " " " " " " foot-pounds/min. feet cu. knots meters/min. kms.) millimeters mils atmospheres in. liq. pounds/sq. " " " " " feet/sec.1 meters 0. meters gallons (U.S.1383 3.3756 x 10-⁸ 1. liq.-calories kg.01136 30. " " " " foot-pounds/sec./sec. ft.43 0. miles/hr.0 minutes 1. cu.) cu.2389 x 10-⁷ ergs (continued) " " " " " " ergs/sec. kilowatts rods feet 10⁶ 26. per cent grade Btu ergs grams-calories hp-hrs.) liters pints (U.645 x 10-⁴ 1.020 x 10-⁶ poundals 7. " " " " feet/sec.400.1 minutes 60. meters/min. liq. kilowatts F 1.01745 seconds 3.113.07717 1.01111 radians 0.) cubic ft./hr. liters/sec. foot-pounds/sec.-calories/min. liq.01667 3. gallons/sec. meters cu. 2.367 12./sec.01745 revolutions/min.38 10⁶ 35. feet cu.7646 202.0 46.639 x 10-⁵ 2.057. liq.048 x 10-⁴ 0.427 x 10-⁶ 7.0 seconds 86. cu. million gals. ft.097 0. cm.7250 x 10-¹⁴ 10-⁷ 2. of mercury kgs.31 61.356 x 10-³ 40.0 grams 0.48 1. cms.8826 0. " " " " " gram-cms.0 764. liq.-calories/min.S. yards gallons (U.356 3.2778 x 10-¹⁰ 5.233 x 10-⁵ pounds 2./sec.6263 0.9 807.S.656. kms. cu.649 x 10⁴ 6.S. cms.45 3. pints (U.74 hours 24./sec./sec.S.615.389 x 10-¹¹ 1. cu. joules kg.-lbs. cms. kms. inches cu.7718 grains 27.01945 1.01732 28.-calories kg.9 0./sec.29 0.S. INTO 9.020 x 10-³ 3.831 16.440.01667 0.787 x 10-⁴ 1. miles/hr.480 x 10-¹¹ 1.356 x 10⁷ 0.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont.818 x 10-³ 0. meters/sec.646317 448.1667 revolutions/sec. horsepower kg.143 x 10-⁵ 4.5921 18.02950 0.S.8 1.1 liters 0.3048 1.3048 0.-meters kilowatt-hrs. feet/sec.020 x 10-³ joules/cm.433 x 10-⁹ 10-¹⁰ farads faradays " fathoms feet " " " " " " feet of water " " " " " feet/min./hr. feet cu. miles/min.0 7.-lbs.S.6818 0./sq.-ft.4335 0.0 30.367 x 10-⁸ 0.39 5.01829 0. cms.0 0.646 x 10⁵ 27.) quarts (U.286 x 10-³ 0.03463 0. miles/hr.0 grams 1. 0. kgs.0 7. cms.) miles (stat. joules kg.24 x 10-⁴ 2. horsepower kg.3437 ounces 0.030 x 10-⁵ 3.766 x 10-⁷ 1.24 x 10-⁴ 0.2778 x 10-¹³ 0. 10⁷ joules/meter (newtons) 10-⁵ kilograms 1.688. yards gallons (U.286 x 10-³ 1.329 x 10-³ 0.778 x 10-³ grams 10.5080 0. inches cu.48 1./sec.) liters mil.) cubic " cubic " " " " " " " " cubic " " " " " " " " cubic " " " " " " " cubic " " feet/sec.01136 30. liq. " " " " furlongs " microfarads ampere-hours coulombs feet centimeters kilometers meters miles (naut.0 1. Btu/min.0625 grams 1. inches meters yards yards/min. cms. liq.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT C (cont. horsepower-hrs.) quarts (U.S.6818 1.2 10³ 2.0 1.0 quadrants 0.023. cm.03048 304.0 .6 1.8 62.80 9. watt-hours Btu/min. liq.3238 5.) bushels (dry) cu.) D days " " decigrams deciliters decimeters degress (angle) " " " degrees/sec.48 3.3048 0. " " dekagrams dekaliters dekameters drams " " dynes " " " " " dynes/sq.0 1.2 x 10⁴ 0. meter pounds/sq.-calories/min. kilowatts Btu/hr.341 x 10-¹⁰ 1.) quarts (U.894 x 10-⁴ 304.308 264.0 meters 10. 0./min.) liters pints (U.01639 1.050 x 10-⁷ 1.0 660./sec.020 x 10-⁸ 0. Btu/min./hr.0 x 10-⁹ 4.

03342 1.540 8. lb. " " gils " grains (troy) " " " grains/U.0 joules 2. 6.0 foot-lbs. ft. pounds/sq.118 pounds/million gal.7457 days 4.) 1.0 grams 0.40 10³ 2.547. " " " " " " " hours " " " acres 2.-meters 2.) 0.1630 x 10-⁶ watt-hrs.) 0.297 x 10-⁸ ergs 980. 0.458 x 10-³ 0.204 0. 142.43 joules/cm 9.014 kg.0 quarts 4.-calories kg.06480 ounces (avdp.-calories/min. ft./sq.076 x 10⁵ grams 100. 8. ft.1337 cu.600. 10-⁸ webers/sq.03613 pounds/mil.73 0.S. " " gausses " " " gilberts gilberts/cm.000.) 1. feet 0.0833 x 10-³ pennyweight (troy) 0./sec. 2./sec.343 x 10-⁸ kg-meters 10-⁵ MULTIPLY BY H G gallons " " " " " " " gallons (liq.0 gallons (U. lb.778 x 1.7958 amp-turns/in.07093 pounds 2.7 grains 15.000 gal.021 amp-turns/meter 79.04167 parts/million 17. 33. grams dynes joules/meter (newtons) poundals pounds 9.0 millihenries 10³ Btu/min.389 x 0.452 webers/sq.03527 ounces (troy) 0. " " grams/liter " " " grams/sq. 8. 2. 62. 0.0 cu.86 parts/million 14.540 x 10-³ 0.48 10-⁴ 10-⁴ 10-⁴ 10-⁴ 7 .4912 2.952 x 10-³ I inches " " " " " " inches of mercury " " " " " inches of water (at 4°C) " " " " " centimeters feet meters miles millimeters mils yards atmospheres feet of water kgs.803 Btu 2.5781 5. lb.0 liters 100. 0. 14.1183 pints (liq. 42. inches 231.20095 gallons (Imp.9863 horsepower (metric) (542.737 x 10⁵ kilowatt-hrs. kgs.228 x 10-³ liters/sec.540 x 10-² 1.0880 horsepower-hrs. in.807 x 10-³ kilograms 10-³ milligrams 10³ ounces (avdp.03613 J joules " " " " " joules/cm.58 liters 0. Imp.0 cu./sec.7958 amp-turns/cm.S. 2. in. in./hr. gram-centimeters " " " " INTO hectares " hectograms hectoliters hectometers hectowatts henries horsepower " " horsepower (metric) (542. 0.0208 lines/sq./sq. pounds/sq. gal. 58.0 pounds/sq. ft.5596 x 10-⁶ kilowatt-hrs.25 grains (avdp.0 ergs 2. gal. ft.1020 2.417 pounds/1.785 pints 8.694 x 10⁶ kg.S.345 pounds/cu. meter pounds/sq. gram-calories " " " " " gram-calories/sec.-cal.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT cu.68 kilowatts 0.0 meters 100.) 1.0 weeks 5. foot 1.471 sq.000.785 x 10-³ cu./sq.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont. 1.807 x 10-⁵ joules/meter (newtons) 9.778 x 10-² 0.43 pounds/cu. 2.7 Btu/hr.) gallons of water gallons/min.205 x 10-³ pounds/inch 5.3453 cu.-calories 641. grams/cu. pounds/sq.405 x 10-⁷ grains/gal.0481 Btu 3.951 x 10-³ liters 3.600 x 10-³ pounds/cu.190.7457 watts 745. cm. 1. in. 33.0 seconds 3. meter 10-⁴ ampere-turns 0. atmospheres inches of mercury kgs. ft. liq. ft.480 x 10⁷ 0.3 70. in.44 foot-lbs. in. yards 4.-foot 3.7 joules 9.1630 x 10-³ Btu/hr. lb. grams " " " " " " " " " grams/cm. 1.03453 345.) gallons (U. meters 3. cm. " " " " Btu ergs foot-pounds kg.7376 2.1 kg. 2./min.07355 2.5 ft.3 22.286 dynes 980.452 x 10-⁸ webers/sq.) 0./sec.807 x 10-⁵ kg.0 watts 100.6845 x 10¹³ foot-lbs.479 kilowatts 9. ounces/sq. 6.062427 parts/million 1. cm.98 x 10⁶ gram-calories 641./sec.06308 cu. 10.133 0.) 0.0 723.5 ft.9683 x 10-³ ergs 4./sec.1868 x 10⁷ foot-pounds 3. 3.0 horsepower (550 ft.83267 pounds of water 8.785.) 2.020 x 10⁷ 100.286 Btu 9. 0. 550. 1.167 x 10-² minutes 60. " grains/Imp.-meters watt-hrs. cm. cms. Br.03215 poundals 0. cm.578 x 10-⁵ 25.) horsepower (550 ft.333 x 10-² 2.) horsepower " " horsepower (boiler) " horsepower-hrs.

14.0 pounds/sq.9113 knots 0. 0. 2.-meters 3. 2.102 x 10-³ grams/cu. ft. in. cu.1550 1.088. webers/sq./sec.67 miles/hr.214 x 10-⁴ 10³ 1.842 x 10-⁴ tons (short) 1.S.6214 atmospheres 9. in.048.027. " lumens/sq.0 hp-hrs.671 x 10⁵ pounds of water evaporated from and at 212°F 3.02838 10³ 0. 1.403 x 10-³ 1. 0.113 1.2048 pounds/sq./sec.550 x 10-⁹ 10-⁸ 1. 2. 0.186.06 0.-calories/min.001 5.886 x 10-⁴ 4. gals.81 x 10-³ inches of mercury 2. meter " " " " " kilograms/sq.06243 pounds/cu. 27.6214 millimeters 10⁶ yards 1. ft. 0. meter 10⁶ Btu 3.96 pounds/sq.-meters 426. lux miles (approx.094.426 x 10⁴ foot-lbs. knots 10-³ 10-⁸ 10⁶ 10¹² 10⁶ 10² 3.413.294 x 10-³ ergs 9. kms. 1./hr.0 0. cm.) millimeters yards varas cms./sec. liq.341 kg.807 poundals 70./min.667 3.804 x 10⁷ foot-pounds 7.001 pounds/cu. 3. lines/sq.) miles (stat.2642 2. 20.2778 miles/hr.145 torr 7. liq.S. 1. yards gallons (U.613 x 10-⁵ pounds/mil.968 foot-pounds 3.) quarts (U. 14.896 x 10-³ pounds/sq.81 inches of mercury 28.8532 nautical miles/hr. 2.S.0 cms.281 0. " " " " kilolines webers maxwells microhms ohms centimeters feet inches kilometers miles (naut.723 x 10-⁶ maxwells 10³ liters 10³ centimeters 10⁵ feet 3.92 0. 6. 1. 0. feet/min.) " " kilowatt-hrs.296 kgs/sq. " " " " " kilometers/hrs./sq. 1. " " " " kilograms/sq.5 kg. 27.665. " " " kilopascals " " " " " " kilowatts " " 8 dynes 980.0 horsepower-hrs. in.5 Btu/min. in.-calories 860.057 5.) pints (U.75 feet/hr.6 INTO MULTIPLY BY K (cont. cm. ft.804 kg.6 x 10⁶ kg.0 kg.205 tons (long) 9.87x10-3 feet of water 0. dry) cu.0 ergs 3.5468 0.151 yards/hr.0 1. meter 1. ft.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT K kilograms " " " " " " " kilograms/cu.6214 cms. 0.5396 meters/min.233 joules 9. in.0 kilometers/hr.37 0. meter inches inches bushels (U.0 7. kilogram-calories " " " " " " kilogram meters " " " " " kilolines kiloliters kilometers " " " " " " kilometers/hr.03531 61.6720 atmospheres 0. 0.179 1.689 L league lines/sq.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont.9678 feet of water 32.) kilowatts (cont. cm. webers/sq.0 0. 54.678 x 10-⁵ bars 98.396 x 10-⁴ 6.53 pounds of water raised from 62° to 212°F 22.03238 .07 x 10-⁶ feet of water 32.281 39. ft.0 inches 3. 56. 0.308 x 10-³ 0./sec. cm.550 x 10-⁵ 12.001 1./sec.09807 joules/meter (newtons) 9. " " " " " " " " " knots " " " " " horsepower 1. inches cu.S.0929 M maxwells " megalines megohms " meters " " " " " " " " meters/min.0 statute miles/hr./sec. 16. mm.-foot 3./sec. meter " " " kilograms/meter kilograms/sq. meters cu. 0.02 0. 737./sec.9 kilojoules 4. 0.78 ft.341 joules 3.937 x 10⁴ meters 10³ miles 0. 4.405 x 10-¹⁰ pounds/ft.281.094 1.02x102 pounds/sq.600 x 10¹³ foot-lbs. 1.163 x 10-³ Btu 9./sec. 1./sec. " " " links (engineer’s) links (surveyor’s) liters " " " " " " " " liters/min.186 kilowatt-hrs./sec.22 atmospheres 9.-calories 2.34 watts 10³ Btu 3. in.335 inches of Hg 0.422 x 10-³ kgs.78 feet/min./sec.93 pounds 2.9 pounds/sq.850. foot-candles foot-candles 3. cm. feet cu. ft.560 x 10-⁷ joules 4.655 x 10⁶ gram-calories 859. 0. feet/sec.0 grams 10³ joules/cm.9113 meters/sec. 1.68 feet/sec.92 foot-lbs.080.) gausses gausses webers/sq. liq.0 feet/sec.) cu.342 x 10-³ kilowatt-hrs.

ft.609 0.03728 10² 3. gal.0625 P parts/million grains/U. feet/sec. gal.080.237 9./sec.000.281 x 10-³ 0.4823 x 10⁴ " grains 7.-dynes cm.281 3.0 " grams 453./sec./hr.0 1.0 9./min.4732 " quarts (liq./sec. 1./sec.336 x 10⁴ 1. kms. cms./sec. " " " meter-kilograms " " microfarad micrograms microhms " microliters microns miles (naut. 0.0584 " grains/Imp.96 x 10-4 pennyweights (troy) grains 24. in.03728 196.) meters/min.07016 " pounds/million gal.852 x 10-⁴ 2.094 x 10-³ 1.) pennyweights (troy) pounds (troy) ounces/sq./sec./min.333 x 10-⁵ 0.0 N nepers decibels 8.) " " " " miles (statute) " " " " " " miles/hr.0 1.5924 " joules/cm. " " " " meters/sec./sec. " " " " mil-feet milliers milligrams milligrams/liter millihenries milliliters millimeters " " " " " " million gals.467 1.09714 20.609 0.01410 " pounds 0./sec. ft.0 myriawatts kilowatts 10.0625 0. feet/min.8684 60./sec.233 10-⁶ 10-⁶ 10-¹² 10-⁶ 10-⁶ 10-⁶ 6.2957 480.027.5 x 10-3 " in.609 x 10⁵ 5.0 6. feet/sec. miles/hr. miles (naut. knots meters/min. cms.0 " grams 14.02682 0.790 x 10-⁵ 2.383 x 10-³ " joules/meter (newtons) 0. kms.70 1.853.853 1. meters 4.609 0.1667 x 10-³ pints (dry) cu.826.01667 44.805 0. pounds/sq.125 " liters 0. ft.54723 2. kms.S.08333 0.540 x 10-⁸ mils (cont. 1.00 1. 2. feet/sec.189 x 10-⁴ " gallons 0.55517 " pounds (troy) 4. " " " miles/min. miles/min.001 6. cms.45 x 10-4 " torr 7. ft. feet/min. inches 28.27 1./sec.214 x 10-⁷ 39.5 poundals dynes 13.-grams pound-feet farads grams megohms ohms liters meters feet kilometers meters miles (statute) yards centimeters feet inches kilometers meters miles (naut.10 " joules/cm. miles/hr.01671 " cu./sec.0 1. degrees quadrants radians seconds kilograms myriameters kilometers 10. cms./hr.0 0.87 " cu.05 " grams 1.82 0. inches kilograms grams parts/million henries liters centimeters feet inches meters miles mils yards cu.0 88. feet/sec./sec.909 x 10-⁴ 60.) 0.5 0.6 2./sec.Hg 2.)/min. kms.467 1.103481 1./sec.6 2./sec.349527 0. in.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont.) cu. in. miles/hr.237 0.345 pascals millibar 10-2 " pounds/sq.778 x 10-⁵ 1. O 10-⁶ 10⁶ 16.70 88.1516 2. (cont.682.01667 1.5 28.2 " cu. feet 0.0 " ounces (troy) 0.281 3.9115 2.0 myriagrams 10.8684 26.001 2. meters/sec.1 3.0 437.732 x 10-⁴ " cu.0 " dynes 44.04448 " joules/meter (newton) 4.0 44.37 1.807 x 10⁷ 10⁵ 7.0 31.0 yards cu.448 9 .03108 pounds drams 256. miles/min.0 10-³ 10-³ 0.4470 2.) meters/sec. cu. inches liters grains grams ounces (avdp.0 0.) yards cm.8 3./min. yards 6. centimeters feet inches kilometers MULTIPLY BY M (cont. cm.) 0. kilometers/hr.425 x 10-⁶ 10³ 10-³ 1.686 ohms ohms ounces " " " " " " ounces (fluid) " ounces (troy) " " " " megohms microhms drams grains grams pounds ounces (troy) tons (long) tons (metric) cu./sec.) miner’s inches minutes (angles) " " " 2.03937 0.609 1.60 pints (liq. " " " " " " " miles/hr. 8. 473./day mils " " " miles/hr.1383 " kilograms 0. 0.609./hr. 0.280.09 x 10-2 " pounds/sq.8684 1.760. kms.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT INTO M (cont.540 x 10-³ 8.834 x 10-⁵ 1. inches 33.

787 x 10-⁴ 5.571 3. pounds/in./meter gms.01667 2. gms.861 x 10-⁷ 10⁶ 1./cm. revs.087 x 10-⁶ 4.290 x 10⁴ 0. degrees quadrants radians degrees/sec./sec. millimeters sq. revs. revs.0 0./min.0 6.8948 Q quadrants (angle) " " " degrees minutes radians seconds quarts (dry) quarts (liq.452 6.25 0.728. sq.306 x 10⁶ 4.425 x 10-⁶ 1.) ounces (troy) pennyweights (troy) pounds (avdp. cm. " " " " pounds/sq./sec. miles sq. inches gallons cu. cms. " 10 degrees minutes quadrants seconds degrees sec.861 x 10-¹¹ 100.283 6.yards acres sq.0 3.76 x 10⁶ 1. revs.0 16. kms. radians/sec./sec.6366 2.01602 27.20 946. radians/sec.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT kilograms ounces ounces (troy) poundals pounds (troy) tons (short) grains grams ounces (avdp.307 2.1143 x 10-⁴ 0./min. kilopascal 0. pounds/mil.944 x 10-³ 645. in. miles sq.549 radians/sec.670 x 10-⁴ 1.0 0.456 x 10-⁹ 27.-foot kgs./sec.076 x 10-³ 0. cm.6735 x 10-⁴ 3. mils sq.-ft./sq.01667 1.098 x 10⁶ .0 14.0 pounds (troy) 240.725 x 10-⁴ 0. sq.063 x 10⁵ 57./cu.1592 573.0 6./sec. meters sq.30 9.09290 3. meter pounds/cu.06804 2./cu.778 x 10-⁴ 0.01602 0.550 x 10⁹ 10⁶ 0.4536 16.5 S seconds (angle) " " " square centimeters " " " " " " square feet " " " " " " " square inches " " " " " square kilometers " " " " " " square meters " " " " " " square miles " " " " degrees minutes quadrants radians circular mils sq.0 9. feet sq. " " revolutions/min.549 0. MULTIPLY BY R (cont.0 60./sec. cm. feet 0. millimeters sq.1657 12. in./min. " " revolutions/sec.76 1.1111 1. in./min./cu. ft. pounds/mil.238 x 10-³ 0.21528 0./min. radians/sec. cm. feet sq.716 x 10-⁴ 247.036 703. inches sq.-grams meter-kgs. kgs. sq. " " rods revolutions/sec.1383 0. cms.68 0. ft.0001 3./min./min.973 x 10⁵ 1.-dynes cm.1 144. sq.) tons (long) tons (metric) tons (short) cu.550.30 3. inches sq./sec. revs.6 2.3861 1. millimeters sq. pounds/mil.88 x 10⁶ 2.464 x 10-⁴ 1. sq. meters sq.0005 5. miles sq. cms. feet cu. meter pounds/sq. meter pounds/cu.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont.0 0.0 9./sec.356 x 10⁷ 13. " " " pounds/ft.02 5.1550 0. radians/sec.833 x 10⁸ 929./sec. ft.0 27. atmospheres feet of water inches of mercury kgs./sec. revolutions/min.778 x 10-⁴ 360.24 x 10⁵ 67. cms.4 0. " " " pounds/cu.196 640. cu. revs.2 10⁶ 7.196 x 10⁶ 2.) pounds (cont. gms. meters sq./min.) radians/sec. " " revolutions " " revolutions/min.471 x 10-⁴ 10⁴ 10. yards 2. yards acres sq.1 10¹⁰ 10.1198 2.) " " " " " " cu. feet sq.) " " " " " pounds (troy) " " " " " " " " pounds of water " " pounds of water/min.24177 13. sq. " " revolutions/sec.944 x 10-³ 0.0 0. yards gallons liters 90.-foot pounds/sq.488 178.0 0.0 6.590 x 10⁶ 3.03342 57.0 144.600. yards circular mils sq.822857 3.296 x 10-⁵ 1.848 x 10-⁶ 1./min. inches sq. inches cu.768 x 10⁴ 1.01602 16.825. yards acre circular mils sq.0 4. in.590 2. revs.1592 360./sec.0 373.882 6.5833 32. miles sq.) P (cont. inches cu.760.587 x 10-⁸ 9. kgs. feet sq. meter pounds/sq./sq. cms./sec. grams/cu.75 9.7324 x 10-⁴ 4.9463 R radians " " " radians/sec.283 60. (cont.01414 4. yards acres sq. " " " " " INTO 57.400.0 5. ft.745 x 10-³ 0. atmospheres feet of water inches of mercury kgs.273 x 10⁶ 6.438. revs./cu. pounds-feet " " pounds/cu.196 x 10-⁴ 2.00 6. feet cu.0 1. millimeters sq. ft. ft. meters cu.17 1.68 2. degrees/sec.283 3. inches sq.0 1.1047 0. meters sq./sec.01667 3. revs.

0 absolute temperature (°F) temperature (°C) 1. kilowatts Btu ergs foot-pounds gram-calories horsepower-hrs./sec. " sq.0 44.228 x 8. in. meters " sq.0 29. cms.360 x 10-³ 0.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont. maxwells kilolines gausses lines/sq.066 x 8. cms.333 0.765.000. meter " " " Btu/hr. meter gausses lines/sq. meter pounds/sq.0 0. millimeters INTO 1. in. webers/sq. horsepower horsepower (metric) kg. ft.000. cm.32 tons (long) " " tons (metric) " tons (short) " " " " " " tons (short)/sq.452 x 10-⁴ Y yards " " " " " " " centimeters feet inches kilometers meters miles (naut.240. in.16643 1.8361 3.) millimeters 91.60 x 10¹⁰ 2.0 2.452 x 10-⁶ 2. gallons/min.7378 1.361./hr. ft.-calories/min. webers/sq. feet " sq.0 36.0 859. foot-lbs. cm.3349 watts " " " " " " " " watt-hours " " " " " " " webers " webers/sq.296.78 temperature (°F) + 460 temperature (°F) .2 0.0 1. foot-lbs.0 10⁴ 6.341 x 10-³ 0.001 10⁸ 10⁵ 1.413 3. " " absolute temperature (°C) temperature (°F) 1. webers/sq. inches square mils circular mils " sq.000. ergs/sec. kilogram-calories kilogram-meters kilowatt-hrs. miles " sq./sq. " tons of water/24 hrs.934 x 10-⁴ 5. cms.682 x 10-⁴ 914. cu.076 x 1.56 0.8605 367.361 x 10-⁵ 10-C 10-⁶ 10-⁴ 10-⁷ 10⁵ T temperature (°C) + 273 temperature (°C) + 17.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT 1.4 11 ./min.9078 9.0 83.166.0 0.656.) square millimeters circular mils " sq.550.66 2.0 9.120 1.452 x 10⁴ 10-⁴ 6. inches square yards acres " sq.9144 4.1848 32.85 1. inches " sq.001 3.01 1.0 1.44 3.550 x 1. webers/sq.4192 0. in.05688 107. " sq. ft.000. " sq.0 907.555 1. in.1550 1. " sq.0 kilograms pounds tons (short) kilograms pounds kilograms ounces ounces (troy) pounds pounds (troy) tons (long) tons (metric) kgs.430.341 x 10-³ 1.8 0.0 9.01433 0.205. Btu/min.273 6.973.0 2. MULTIPLY BY W S (cont.) miles (stat.016.144 x 10-⁴ 0.27 0. " " " webers/sq.89287 0.0 2. 3. pounds of water/hr.0 2.550 x 10⁷ 10⁸ 0.

Pound Water* 0.969 U.833 8.01671 U.0000164 1 0.2199756 2. centistokes stokes cm2 sec Kinematic Viscosity centistokes stokes (v) (v) 1 (100 v) 0.028317 1728.076 (10–3) 1 .202 0.0 1 35.42 4.170 219.003785 277.076 (10–5) 1.2009 1 9.0353154 Cubic Meter 264.001000 999.0005787 Liter 0.S.016387 0.54596) = 36.1041 1 1.000454 28. we find the conversion factor to be 92.113423 2.S.0 1 61.31446 *Water at 60°F (15.31702 0.48052 6.0 62.02509 61023.11995 0. Gallon 1 0. under the set of units desired. Pound Water* U.365 2202. Cubic Inch 0.34 10. 0.54596 0.125 0. Cubic Foot 8. Cubic Inch Liter Cubic Meter 231.337 0.01 cm2 sec (100 v) 100 1 (v') 92.S.8442 2113.9596 1 0.1 0.473166 0.22888 U. Pint 0. locate the given set of units in the left hand column and multiply the numerical value by the factor shown horizontally to the right.60762 U.S.450 centistokes.S.004546 28.900. suppose a given kinematic viscosity of 0.016035 U.16054 Imperial Gallon U.5 (sq ft/sec) times 92.6°C) 1 Barrel = 42 gallons (petroleum measure) U. Pint U.45405 0.034632 0.0 3.00361 0.972 1 EXAMPLE: (8 Imperial gallons) (4.0 Imperial Gallon 1. ft2 sec (v') 1.38 0.875 0.042 0.000473 27.13368 0.S.S. Cubic Foot 7. By referring to the table.004329 0.S.03609 0.S.36768 liters Equivalents: Kinematic Viscosity To convert kinematic viscosity from one set of units to another.708 0.900 929 ft2 sec 12 As an example.S.900 = 46. Gallon 59.2641779 0.Equivalents: Liquid Measures and Weights TO OBTAIN MULTIPLY BY U.78533 0.5 square foot/second is to be converted to centistokes. Then.

As an example. we find the conversion factor to be 2.487 14.1 x 10–21 stathenries erg = 10-7 joule stathenry = 9 x 1011 henries stathenry = 9 x 1020 abhenries erg = 10–7 joule watt = 10 ____ ergs sec erg = 10–7 watt ––– sec erg = 10–7 watt ––– sec Inductance Energy 7 Power 13 .01 2.3 x 10–10 ampere statampere = 3.3 x 10–3 statvolt abvolt = 10–8 volt abvolt = 3.1 x 10–21 statohm statohm = 9 x 1011 ohms statohm = 9 x 1020 abohms Current ampere = 10–1 abampere ampere = 3 x 109 statamperes abampere = 10 amperes abampere = 3 x 1010 statamperes statampere = 3. centipoise gram cm sec Absolute or Dynamic Viscosity †poundsm ft sec pounds f ft2 poundal sec ft2 (µ e) dyne sec cm2 (µ) (100 µ) (µ' e) (µ) 1 0. By referring to the table.3 x 10–11 statvolt statvolt = 300 volts (approx.Equivalents: Absolute Viscosity To convert absolute or dynamic viscosity from one set of units to another.09 (10 ) 6.1 x 10–12 statohm abohm = 10–9 ohm abohm = 1.1 x 10–21 abfarads henry = 109 abhenries henry = 1.09 (10–³) = 4.) statvolt = 3 x 1010 abvolts Resistance ohm = 109 abohms ohm = 1.09 (10–³).1 x 10–12 farads statfarad = 1. locate the given set of units in the left hand column and multiply the numerical value by the factor shown horizontally to the right under the set of units desired.0311 1 centipoise poise gram cm sec slugs ft sec poise –5 dyne sec cm2 slugs ft.1 x 10–12 stathenry joule = 107 ergs abhenry = 10–9 henry abhenry = 1. 2 (poise) times 2. Then.3 x 10–11 abampere Quantity coulomb = 10–1 abcoulomb coulomb = 3 x 109 statcoulombs abcoulomb = 10 coulombs abcoulomb = 3 x 1010 statcoulombs statcoulomb = 3.87 1 or .2 (µe) 1. suppose a given absolute viscosity of 2 poise is to be converted to slugs/foot second.900 479 1 g or 32.3 x 10–10 coulomb statcoulomb = 3.0672 (µ'e) 47.09 (10–3) 0. sec poundal sec ft2 g *Poundf = Pound of Force †Poundm = Pound of Mass Equivalents: Electrical Units Practical Unit Cgs Electromagnetic Unit Cgs Electrostatic Unit Emf volt = 108 abvolts volt = 3.72 (10–4) (100 µ) 100 1 2.00418 slugs/foot second. sec *poundsf sec ft2 †pounds m ft.3 x 10–11 abcoulombs Capacitance farad = 10–9 abfarads farad = 9 x 1011 statfarads abfarad = 109 farads abfarad = 9 x 1020 statfarads statfarad = 1.18 (10–³) = 0.

371 9.8831 106.98 5.73 75.043 6.87 56.29 9.490 7.64 53.Equivalents: Degrees API and Degrees Baumé Values for Baumé Scale Liquids Lighter Than Water Liquids Heavier Than Water Values for API Scale Oil Degrees on API or Baumé Scale Specific Gravity S 14 Weight Density Lb/Ft3 p Pounds per Gallon Pounds per Gallon S Weight Density Lb/Ft3 p Specific Gravity Specific Gravity S Weight Density Lb/Ft3 p Pounds per Gallon 0 2 4 6 8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.7609 0.879 6.075 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – .8762 0.26 7.0000 0.51 47.722 5.53 91.257 5.786 6.205 7.97 47.6886 0.06 7.72 41.6140 0.62 48.7955 0.57 47.278 5.7692 0.80 42.7467 48.4356 1.6306 0.079 6.6482 0.332 30 32 34 36 38 0.337 8.95 111.337 8.18 49.22 42.913 0.895 60 62 64 66 68 0.117 7.9459 62.572 0.94 42.725 12.09 47.70 55.108 7.612 1.404 5.337 8.7238 0.685 5.3551 78.219 8.79 43.7711 0.947 1.1983 1.097 6.36 42.836 5.23 99.973 5.141 5.924 15.97 53.210 12.8354 1.374 0.63 38.47 82.52 74.6542 0.72 49.80 89.44 14.722 6.7628 0.7313 0.7093 46.8861 58.19 40.33 38.5263 1.01 8.387 1.9218 0.44 56.24 52.429 6.354 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 90 92 94 96 98 100 0.359 6.14 44.797 5.8046 0.7165 0.891 11.8984 0.0284 1.14 65.9465 62.94 12.895 1.302 15.396 0.034 5.998 7.44 6.295 7.75 56.03 55.699 70 72 74 76 78 0.46 117.9333 0.8750 0.23 6.86 50.8063 0.9340 0.64 80.6506 0.9722 0.53 59.34 73.16 6.12 5.222 14.9091 0.80 58.96 5.016 5.482 7.84 39.9100 0.091 11.57 40.6220 0.413 6.2185 1.215 7.119 5.787 7.8448 0.0140 1.8155 0.6628 0.854 5.3810 1.9861 0.60 103.68 44.9593 0.4646 1.7022 0.1417 66.6331 0.57 53.326 5.105 7.8654 0.679 7.13 87.891 1.66 43.474 5.2393 72.19 97.03 81.960 0.20 8.99 67.22 11.6166 0.12 5.6604 0.781 7.13 38.7470 1.95 40.6566 0.33 40.671 9.6690 0.2832 1.577 5.08 45.28 49.53 42.48 39.6275 0.8642 0.90 53.37 101.8974 0.1600 1.275 6.0000 1.1789 1.69 52.8871 58.48 45.55 44.8434 0.58 41.64 114.46 50.159 10.424 5.39 108.828 9.65 59.36 61.6863 0.499 6.8333 54.284 13.583 13.61 45.99 77.32 7.512 10.6087 39.824 10 12 14 16 18 1.1240 1.9724 0.29 37.61 49.79 38.587 7.089 9.955 5.9211 0.211 5.0000 0.737 11.6953 0.969 12.506 5.6667 0.484 6.994 7.05 5.80 40.7447 48.096 0.6195 0.96 84.454 8.20 57.998 13.632 6.7527 0.69 39.6796 0.8235 0.7059 1.25 57.57 6.462 50 52 54 56 58 0.60 51.990 10.45 38.6422 41.6364 0.865 6.6388 0.97 7.6667 95.10 71.574 8.886 1.143 6.160 6.3063 1.306 5.5591 1.07 46.6731 43.7778 0.10 6.698 10.9859 0.788 5.6250 0.0741 1.526 5.6819 0.9589 0.305 7.9333 – – – – 120.57 – – – – 16.031 6.98 38.6754 43.646 6.51 10.955 9.45 46.6931 0.231 5.2609 1.36 61.0902 1.6292 1.557 1.20 5.36 50.49 60.0584 62.7389 0.736 7.741 5.7216 0.631 0.7865 51.565 14.05 6.228 9.518 20 22 24 26 28 0.292 6.6112 39.344 6.36 63.03 70.4078 1.42 40.513 11.579 7.697 8.7901 1.32 52.118 – – – – 80 82 84 86 88 0.6446 41.558 5.7368 0.799 6.99 8.99 69.186 5.708 6.7883 51.7292 0.454 5.8537 0.7000 0.94 46.34 93.0432 1.76 50.221 8.8550 0.03 8.3303 1.7796 0.06 66.63 59.4948 86.95 45.225 0.7972 0.00 44.24 64.8251 0.7071 45.38 41.8140 0.5934 1.97 55.128 7.1069 1.8348 54.7547 0.50 60.297 40 42 44 46 48 0.209 1.7143 0.165 5.666 5.

0 1390.0 119.2 342.6 542.9 425.8 83.5 338.1 39.1 142.9 1000 1024 1050 1075 471.45 59.83 2.3 301.6 212.7 400 425 450 475 188.7 75.7 300.4 700 725 750 775 330.4 1483.0 232.8 512.6 25.0 347.4 499.0 380.5 271.0 460.0 420.9 417.5 436.0 45.0 32.2 600 625 650 675 283.0 65.0 320.0 20.0 373.1 71.2.4 Over 500 Saybolt Seconds = Centistokes x 4.0 80. Sec At 122°F (50°C) Basic Values At 210°F (99°C) 48 50 60 25.0 60.8 637.0 340.4 200.2 648.1 326.39 97.0 8.8 204.1 294.8 200.8 589.5 326.1 462.7 100 125 150 175 48. 10 v at 210°F (99°C) are equivalent to 58.5 495.0 280.1 440.9 437.0 1297.6 1112.6 44.4 224.8 314.1 95.0 577.4 131.88 52.8 153.1 255.1 191.0 926.1 Saybolt Furol Seconds = Centistokes x 0.7 83.4717 587.1 459.2 624. Sec At 100°F (37.62 39.2 599.3 60.5 252.2 303.8 365.23 32.7 1200 1225 1250 1275 1300 Over 1300 566.4 554.9 741.7 318.5 1761.7 118.3 448.5 556.8 530.3 524.41 6.D2161-63T.2 278.0 240.85 39.5 167.3 613.77 45.0 55. For example.6 834.6 165.3 141.8 1668.14 32.3975 Kinematic Viscosity.0 43.0 500.8 70 80 90 35.2 29. The table at the right was abstracted from Table 3.0 35.1 71.0 106.5 50.7 186.7 450.0 277.0 443.91 multiplied by 1.3 500 525 550 575 235.2 549.0 250.0 40.8°C) by 1+(t .6 2039.6 179.6673 Note: To obtain the Saybolt Universal viscosity equivalent to a kinematic viscosity determined at t.1 1575.3 900 925 950 975 424.6347 Saybolt Seconds = Centistokes x 4.4 389.3 163.7 612.1 34.000 064.8 257.7 560.2 574.3 2132. Centistokes v Equivalent Saybolt Universal Viscosity.0070 or 59.45 25.32 77.7 420.8 1100 1125 1150 1175 518.2 507.100) 0.4 324.2 400.7 259.7 388.8 48.3 164.9 1946.4 300 325 350 375 141.0 90.3 1205.7 2317.0 480.7 562.0 70. multiply the equivalent Saybolt Universal viscosity at 100°F (37.8 393. The table at the left was abstracted from Table 1.6 210.3 26.93 98.7 800 825 850 875 377.6 60.4 375.6 107.2 466.0 4.0 440. These tables are reprinted with the permission of the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM).9 187.56 52.0 1853.0 363.4 233.1 653.8°C) Basic Values At 210°F (99°C) 1.6 370.0 45.0 180.5 301.0 15.0 30.3 Log (Saybolt Furol Seconds .4 39.87) = 1.8 265.1 228.0 216.9 247.09 58.2 537.7 351.3 209.9 1019. D2161-63T.0 2224.32 sec Saybolt Universal at 210°F (99°C).0 353.9 601.1 120.3 240.0 143.0 95.01 32.0 160.0 487.0 463.1 30.7 200 225 250 275 95.4 396.0 220.5 155. 15 .91 77.4 289.3 177.4 130.0 140.0 10.1 400. Centistokes v Equivalents of Kinematic and Saybolt Universal Viscosity Equivalent Saybolt Furol Viscosity.2 400.0276 [Log (Centistokes)] 0.5 474.3 350.0 280.9 412.0 85.0 360.9 306.7 483.5 119.Equivalents: Kinematic and Saybolt Viscosity Equivalents of Kinematic and Saybolt Furol Viscosity Kinematic Viscosity.4 100.5 412.0 120.

lb/in.0101972 10.0332 0.319 304.0000979 0.073556 735.16 2048.1972 1.88243 703.6197 345.972 101972.0098 98.959 29.101325 0.003287 32.0 1 0.868 33.029446 0.61 750.0068948 MegaPascals (MPa)‡ 0.558 760.001333 0.01325 0.145038 kPa 20.98066 1.88108 0.0014198 mm water column . mercury† mm mercury† Bars‡ MPa‡ .000473 0.033864 0.0098692 9.1350 1 0.033420 0.00253 0.030425 0.014139 2.0 100.0001 1 1.22 14.061 1 25.5038 145.315 70.595 345.8854 0.156 102156./water* ft.000249 0.50061 7500.204816 0.800 25. water (68°F)* 1 102.0013158 0.158 33.24864 0.0033864 0./ft.3864 2.354 1 10000.044684 1.0029837 0.01972 0.13332 3.8 lb.03602 in.0 0. locate the given unit in the left hand column.9600 0.0000479 0.0 10332.696 1 144.7262 2.33516 335.53621 13.066 101.002891 0.96784 1 0.001 1 0.0000098 0.2 TO OBTAIN MULTIPLY BY .000.921 0.520 0. under the set of units desired.001422 kg/m 2 kg/cm 2116.0000098 0.02190 4021.039370 4.04788 6.89127 704.6197 12.03944 394.3108 ft. and multiply the numerical value by the factor shown horizontally to the right.35913 51.2 13.0001333 0.1 10351.5158 0.29837 0.190 0.01 10.068046 Atmospheres EXAMPLE: (5 kg/cm2) (2048.0 lb/ft2 2 0.000098 0.0097889 1000.073423 0.00 0.491154 0.0000968 0.070307 kg/cm2 .000488 0.002896 28. Equivalents: Pressure and Head .0069444 1 lb/in2 Atmospheres 2 lb/ft.7149 mm mercury (32°F)† .94 304.019257 27.249 25.432744 0.7300 in.0000966 0.0004788 0.0 1 0.8948 kPa 1 .0000998 0.2233 5.5300 0.0013595 0.90 402.036062 0.000 N/m2 (Newtons/meter2) .9837 0.3793 1. mercury (32°F)† .4 22.300 29.99819 101.6 13.0 4.8692 0.038 in.240.4 0.0 10215.8649 0.342 mm water (68°F) To convert from one set of units to another.0 10197.002454 0.003281 0.1929 62.16) = 10.98692 0.068948 Bars ‡ .073423 7.4 1.08333 0.41 407.0 4.00181 10018.016048 2.20445 .325 ‡MPa (MegaPascal) = 10 Bars = 1. water (68°F)* †mercury at 32°F (0°C) ./water* in.78450 2088.03937 1 0.10 0.03453 0.2 *Water at 68°F (20°C) 0.0193368 14.16 14.098066 0.2953 295.002486 0.54 20885.070 kg/m2 .

9 1.1 1.2 67.9 0.6 15.9 13.6 25.8 1.0 15.1 67.4 1.0 0.9 1.6 45.9 0. Butyric.0 20.9 0.5 49.6 58.6 15.0 15.8 42.8 54.0 1. 17 .8 17.9 91. 42.5 0.2 116. printers Ionene Isobutyl Alcohol Isopropyl Alcohol Jet Fuel.9 0.2 1.3 79.7 0.7 1.0 15.2 61.8 18.4 53.5 0. Road RT-4 Tar.0 0.1 50.1 1.6 25. Boil.6 25.9 0.0 0.9 29.0 1.6 15.6 15.1 57.4 1.0 26.2 0.8 56.3 0.3 1.8 15. Conc.4 61.6 1.9 49.6 15.6 21.6 0.7 1.3 36.7 0.9 50.9 0.0 15.7 55.8 58.5 79.9 ➀ Density is shown for the temperature listed.0 15. Hydrocyanic Acid.9 0.5 13.7 64.9 39.2 20.0 1.6 1.9 66.1 57.1 0.2 0.8 0.8 86.7 50.4 49.5 45.0 20.9 1.0 0 33.2 8.0 15.7 0.8 1.0 37.8 0.9 0. Nitric.3 50.9 1. Meta Decane-n Diesel Fuel grade 1-D Diesel Fuel grade 2-D Diesel Fuel grade 4-D Diphenyl Distallate Dowtherm A Ethanol Ether Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Alcohol Ethylamine Ethyl Benzene Ethyl Chloride Ethyl Oxide Ethylene Glycol Fluorine Formaldehyde Formic Acid Fuell 3 Max Fuel 5 Min Fuel 5 Max Fuel 6 Min Fuel Oil (Bunker C) Furfural Gasoline Gasoline.9 1.7 4.9 66.6 371.0 60.8 0.4 50.1 1.0 1.9 1. 10% NaCl Bromine Bunkers C Fuel Max Butane-n Carbon Disulphide Carbon Monoxide Carbon Tetrachloride China Wood Oil Chloride Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chromic Acid Citric Acid Cocoanut Oil Corn syrup 86.9 0.6 72.1 1.0 20.6 25.9 1.8 1.0 Density➀ Specific➁ Gravity lb/ft3 57.9 99.6 20.7 1.0 15. Residuum Mercury Mercury Mercury Mercury Mercury Methane Methyl Alcohol Methylene Chloride Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl Propyl Milk Mineral Oil Naphtha.4 40.6 15.5 71.0 15. Acid.8 0.1 53. grade JP-4 Kerosene Lard Temperature °F °C 64 60 68 68 59 68 64 64 64 65 10 68 60 75 60 32 32 32 60 60 60 32 60 68 60 77 68 68 60 60 60 60 60 60 68 60 60 60 60 163 60 700 77 77 68 77 61 68 68 30 60 60 113 100 60 60 60 60 59 68 60 60 60 122 68 60 68 60 60 77 60 60 60 60 77 68 68 60 60 60 17.6° API Crude 40° API Crude 48° API Crude Tar.6 25.9 0.6 20.9 0.4 49.6 15.1 20.9 62.6 0.3 74.6 43.7 42.6 49.4 80.9 44.7 63. Ortho-phosphoric Ammonia.8 0.0 25.6° API Crude 35. sea Whale Oil Xylol (Xylene) Temperature °F °C 60 77 60 60 20 40 60 80 100 -2.3 1.6 15.0 15.0 25.9 63.0 20.3 844.0 15.4 15.0 15.3 69.6 13.9 0.7 42.6 15.8 97.8 0.8 56.9 0.6 15.9 0.0 20.9 -17.8 1.6 15.6 25.6 15.5 0.7 25.6 15.0 15.0 54.2 0.6 91.1 15.5 1.6 13.8 15.1 68.0 17. Acid.0 1.6 1.0 1.8 0.7 15.0 15. spar Vegetable Oil Water Water Water.7 1.0 1.0 15.0 1.0 846.6 15.0 57. Benzoic Acid.8 51.6 49.6 25. Petroleum Naphtha.4 Brix Corn syrup 78.8 1.6 15.0 25.2 38.0 1.1 0.5 1.6 15.6 78.5 69. Saturated Aniline Argon Asphalt Beer Benzene Brine.0 20.6 0.6 15.6 15.6 15. ➁ Specific gravity uses water at 60°F as base conditions.4 1.2 14.9 75.6 100.4 56.6 15.0 15.0 15.5 1.9 70.6 15.8 56.6 23.0 45.3 849.7 0.9 0.8 21.3 46.7 60.0 1.3 61.6 15.9 61.1 56.0 60.6 69.8 0.1 63.3 72.0 0.5 96.6 15.7 0.7 0.8 44.0 56.9 61.0 20.7 57.4 70.3 53.9 63.8 59.0 25.0 0.4 67.9 0.6 15.6 56.9 0.5 86.0 20.1 1.7 0.4 1.1 87.1 1.5 0.3 49.0 20.8 17.7 0.9 1.1 15. Acetic Conc.5 80.0 0.1 64.8 52.1 1.8 -16. Hydrochloric.6 Density➀ Specific➁ Gravity lb/ft3 38.9 0.0 20.4 1.7 56.8 15. 10% CaCl Brine.6 15.8 0.6 25.6 15.5 65.6 26.3 -12.0 58.8 0.2 57.6 37.0 32.4 Brix Creosote Cresol.9 0.0 -1.3 1.4 87.6 15.8 0.8 1.0 25.8 0.6 15.9 0.2 60.3 61.6 53.1 119.0 0.7 0.7 20.6 44.0 25.8 1.0 1.9 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.0 25.1 25.6 20.0 20.6 -6.5 30.7 0.0 57.1 49.6 25.1 1.0 25.1 15.6 13.6 15.7 37. Conc.6 50. C.9 0.3 0.1 1.5 0.3 50.0 15.0 114.4 1. Road RT-12 Terpinene Toluene (Toluol) Transmission Oil Trichloroethylene Turpentine Varnish.9 0.7 848.0 86.5 64.0 15.6 20.6 15.6 15.5 51.5 53.6 15.3 43.1 56.9 1.9 1.8 0.0 25.3 25.7 53.6 0.5 54.1 41. Distilled Water.66 77 68 72 58 60 80 59 77 77 60 77 77 60 69 77 59 60 77 32 93 0 77 77 77 77 68 77 60 77 60 60 60 60 77 77 60 60 77 77 60 60 32 68 60 70 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 212 68 80 68 60 60 60 60 100 70 60 60 68 15.6 15.7 64.1 50.7 56.1 42.9 1.6 20.0 0.6 20.8 1.1 3.8 102.8 1.1 49.9 0.0 25.0 20.0 20.5 48.7 0.9 0.0 Liquid Lard Oil Linolenic Acid Linseed Oil M.0 0.1 0.6 15.9 61.1 108.8 0.3 1.Properties: Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Liquids Liquid Acetaldehyde Acetone Acetic Anhydride Acid.4 61.0 25.3 0.0 0.5 93.2 83.3 58.1 58.3 78.6 26.6 842.0 1. Olive Palmitic Acid Pentane Petroleum Ether Phenol Phosgene Phosphorus Propane Propanol Propyl Alcohol Propylene Propylene Glycol Pyridine Resorcinol Rosin Oil Sabiname SAE 10 Lube SAE 30 Lube SAE 70 Lube Salt Creek Crude Silane Sorbaldehyde Sperm Oil Starch Stearic Acid Styrene Sucrose 60 Brix Sucrose 76 Brix Sulphur Dioxide Sulphuric Acid Sulphuric Acid Sulphur Trioxide 32.6 15.0 50.8 62.6 15.1 92.0 25.0 15.0 15.9 41.7 93.0 1.8 51.6 15.6 15. Natural Glucose Glycerol (Glycerine) Glycol Helium Heptane Heptane-n Hexane-n Hexanol Hydrofluoric Acid Hydrogen Chloride Hydrogen Sulfide Ink.6 15.0 15. Wood Naphthalene Nonane-n Nonanol Ocimene Octane-n Oil. Road RT-8 Tar.8 0.7 89.9 53.0 22.8 0. Acid.0 1.7 114.4 15.5 1.2 182.6 15.6 1.8 53.2 92.9 56.9 15.0 15.0 15.4 0.5% Acid.0 1.0 54.0 16.5 0.0 0.6 58.8 0.

01 .899 – 28.937 Carbon Dioxide CO2 44.0724 1. ➁ Density is given for gas at 1 bar @ +0° C.00 .125 Methane CH4 16.7057 0.06 .3227 1.1833 3.Properties: Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Gases Gas Chemical Formula Acetylene Air Ammonia Argon Bio Gas (65% Methane.08 .0103 0.138 C6H14 86.0887 0.8191 2.2227 3.969 Helium Hextane.2323 0.0777 1.18 .0881 1.10 .1363 0.91 .967 N2O 44. 35% CO2) Molecular Weight Density➀ lb/ft3 Density➁ kg/m3 Specific➁ Gravity C2H2 26.7908 2.000 NH3 17.967 Chlorine Cl2 70.376 Oxygen O2 32.7491 0.1738 2.15 .499 Ethane C2H6 30.0673 1.1502 2.00 .071 Nitrogen N2 28.4997 2.00 .1205 2.0415 0.02 .08 .04 .0776 1.491 Propane C3H8 44.1137 1.96 .01 .12 .1656 2.1140 1.11 .453 Sulphur Dioxide SO2 64.9367 1.070 Hydrogen Sulfide H2S 34.11 .1032 1.976 H2 2.2740 1.0748 1.523 Propylene C3H6 42.5567 2.83 .038 Ethylene C2H4 28.95 .1138 1.04 .07 .4076 1.554 Nitric Oxide NO 30.0725 1. 18 .03 .4681 1.01 . Average Hydrogen He 4.1459 0.379 – 25.520 Carbon Monoxide CO 28.0052 0.1088 1.0440 0.3202 1.1450 2.9359 1.8510 1.213 Nitrous Oxide ➀ Density is given for gas at 14.0668 1.105 Pentane C5H12 72.007 Butylene C4H8 56.05 .2321 0.1761 0.2340 0.0827 1.1865 3.7 psia @ +70° F.588 Ar 39.892 Butane-N C4H10 58.0724 1.7572 1.9397 1.

92 62 17 0.97 59.00 260 127 65.09 62.21 62.91 66 19 0.10 62.98 560 293 1131.50 53.70 59.26 62.48 0.00 310 154 77.69 0.98 0.82 58.30 50.63 0.60 56.10 38.28 62.53 57.52 60.88 76 24 0.05 0.83 92 33 0.10 53.34 1.42 1.00 19.89 61.42 58.34 60.27 1.72 61.35 0.90 72 22 0.94 56 13 0.00 420 216 308.96 45 7 0.00 340 171 117.42 1.20 51.50 52.27 1.99 520 271 811.00 32.00 220 104 17.00 56.70 49.62 0.47 0.19 59.00 270 132 41. 32 0 0.24 62.87 80 27 0.70 61.74 60.70 160 71 4.31 1.40 40.G.00 300 149 66. Temperature °F °C Pressure PSI Density lbs/ft3 S.42 1.38 1.42 1.99 470 243 514.93 58 14 0.39 62.00 210 99 14.96 0.24 0.12 62.25 0.88 0.00 240 116 24.80 0.75 140 61 2.65 180 82 7.23 54.98 57.65 0.19 62.G.94 54 12 0.55 0.15 1.62 190 88 9.96 40 4 0.23 1.81 0.15 1.00 440 227 381.00 320 160 89.47 0.42 1.95 62.77 130 54 2.22 0.98 600 316 1541.31 0.13 0.90 0.19 1.10 50.90 70 21 0.00 350 177 134.85 86 30 0.59 0.95 50 10 0.Properties: Density and Specific Gravity of Saturated Water Temperature °F °C Pressure PSI Density lbs/ft3 S.38 0.44 705 374 3204.03 0.89 62.34 62.97 620 327 1784.80 45.30 43.20 0.68 170 77 6.53 55.00 27.18 62.57 0.50 50.86 84 29 0.13 59.34 1.51 0.54 0.00 250 121 29.38 1.64 56.88 78 26 0.84 90 32 0.60 54.23 1.87 82 28 0.39 0.54 62.00 290 143 57.82 96 36 0.99 490 254 620.38 1.79 0.73 150 66 3.14 0.94 0.99 450 232 422.34 1.79 110 43 1.00 410 210 276.00 42.92 0.03 0.00 0.15 62.11 1.27 1.85 88 31 0.35 0.18 57.79 62.82 0.32 19 .10 51.92 55.30 52.32 62.38 1.51 62.58 62.99 480 249 565.34 0.97 660 349 2362.32 0.66 62.00 60.57 0.31 0.50 46.85 0.98 580 304 1324.00 390 199 220.64 0.57 0.31 1.95 52 11 0.00 370 188 173.96 680 360 2705.99 500 260 680.78 120 49 1.81 98 37 0.53 60.00 380 193 195.22 62.40 47.36 62.00 360 182 152.48 62.00 48.78 59.00 280 138 49.83 58.79 0.42 62.62 62.98 0.23 61.96 35 2 0.00 400 204 247.53 700 371 3090.93 55.93 60 16 0.07 0.00 36.28 0.99 540 282 961.00 212 100 14.70 62.30 62.89 74 23 0.58 200 92 11.28 61.34 1.66 0.80 100 38 0.99 460 238 466.97 640 338 2057.20 54.10 0.00 430 221 343.07 0.00 0.92 64 18 0.00 330 166 103.84 0.00 230 110 20.45 62.99 0.91 68 20 0.74 62.98 0.84 62.19 1.82 0.82 94 34 0.95 0.

002545 .6820 .002365 .07 57.02420 .7215 .71 53.09 60.46 54.62 62.394 1.9703 1.57 59.94 .1076 .005752 .3766 .02603 60.01334 .008 52.004002 .07 .75 56.001333 .001647 .1790 .2257 56.21 61.00 62.02165 .1577 .009781 .73 61.3341 .46 62.58 62.08305 .003169 .415 1.97 53.006774 .20 49.3017 .02902 .001499 .004807 .3202 .02007 .206 Saturated Steam Saturated Water Tsat °F .001182 .001312 .1155 .03061 .7077 .8633 1.23 62.340 1.002472 .01183 .008576 .28 58.01205 .001473 .002548 61.42 62.41 59.01960 .58 .3870 .39 61.035 1.009343 .3670 52.88 61.54 62.24 58.94 162.1642 .50 62.947 620 640 660 680 700 327 338 349 360 371 .006175 .005263 .06382 .003734 .01273 .003653 .2389 .18 55.645 720 740 760 780 800 382 393 404 416 427 .03304 .58 61.01167 .08140 .65 53.80 1.17 58.01360 60.08657 .804 1.6473 .02285 .001909 .17 51.1019 .6068 .01753 .08477 .82 .31 54.001787 .06800 .01617 .12 55.01235 .42 62.42 62.5885 .61 126.08845 .007780 .01 60.3076 .06013 .005914 .42 62.39 60.01449 .002399 .74 .1518 .02587 .96 55.8209 .111 1.10 58.15 62.03590 .08 51.23 62.64 2.001253 .02367 .001527 .55 .8933 1.05928 .05764 .04602 .003054 .4238 56.23 62.88 56.008944 .37 62.007242 .02 .2960 .27 62.13 61.009139 .1676 .001235 .01501 .008239 .455 820 840 860 880 900 438 449 460 471 482 .20 60.007501 .42 62.2146 .002211 .002434 .001199 .07152 .19 120 140 160 180 200 49 60 71 82 93 .8019 .001954 .77 61.7510 .1140 59.1172 .002804 .001585 .01313 .01649 .693 1.24 .008405 .641 48.065 1.6700 .69 58.002998 61.81 61.07030 .42 62.02953 .6946 1.42 62.001292 .22 54.002628 .002000 .002154 .01280 61.1547 .1712 .02436 .02758 .62 62.91 420 440 460 480 500 216 227 238 249 260 .02495 .01151 .002753 .007119 .02713 .61 60.42 62.82 56.00 62.56 53.63 467.3137 .88 51.006363 .02628 .09042 .5976 .01 60.001354 .05845 .004425 .001555 .04 57.31 59.871 1.Properties: Density of Superheated Steam and Compressed Water Superheated Steam and Compressed Water Density lbm/ft3 Temperature °F 20 °C 1 PSIA 2 PSIA 5 PSIA 10 PSIA 20 PSIA 50 PSIA 100 PSIA 200 PSIA 500 PSIA 750 PSIA 1000 PSIA 32 40 60 80 100 0 4 16 27 38 62.2664 .006666 .2462 .47 .1413 .001680 .1490 .96 .96 101.50 61.001714 .8870 .07683 .03119 .01529 .1175 57.01200 .55 57.02401 .10 58.006562 .00 62.75 60.3580 .01717 .01321 .001423 .002402 .42 62.001376 .087 1.03178 .72 60.01139 .007638 .006 .42 227.73 61.002300 .62 58.004672 .1301 .02109 .23 62.1206 .003575 .13 50.00 62.002713 .04885 .03841 .06913 .84 2.005101 61.001217 .02804 .04 62.006885 .002947 .99 1.06286 .530 1.43 61.39 60.04473 59.006268 .007927 .09938 56.57 60.3270 .005619 .03371 .002799 .60 59.004203 .003230 .23 62.01108 .01 60.1750 .002049 .02302 .006461 .81 59.23 62.002100 .1322 .2500 .135 1.13 61.01293 .72 58.02548 .01171 .06101 .001615 .1187 .003111 .001166 .06584 .02057 .8413 .01355 .2804 .02223 59.468 1.09696 09466 .6163 .002901 .01587 03441 .1389 .4372 54.46 61.38 62.01871 .002896 .98 50.67 59.97 57.001448 .523 1.24 61.02509 .2425 .01475 .33 510.02670 .46 62.002999 .004100 .2709 .005998 .003429 .90 281.2539 .247 1.84 61.005832 .54 62.34 59.10 61.560 1.14 57.03933 .02852 .3982 .002666 .002507 .6584 .006086 .42 62.42 62.07408 .73 .2854 .003360 .07543 .04738 .9537 .226 1.001826 .01378 .9377 .003500 .04978 59.97 52.07 62.9128 .269 1.02334 .1261 .01425 .03753 .367 47.002332 .1923 .2355 .23 62.73 61.1047 .01002 .02575 61.01791 .1344 .2321 .51 57.21 .07830 .3416 .58 62.05 55.001866 .1242 .66 55.6366 1.001750 .2621 .09249 .40 54.54 320 340 360 380 400 160 171 182 193 204 .28 193.7359 .189 1.59 .002470 .003294 .08 52.77 59.9075 .009557 .94 57.01217 .10 58.001150 .32 544.008756 .315 920 940 960 980 1000 493 504 516 527 538 .01079 .025 1.42 62.7671 1.746 1.42 62.161 1.4104 .603 1.291 1.08 48.252 1.60 59.1438 .6263 .007000 .42 62.73 61.06192 .1876 .39 61.004545 .70 59.04131 .367 1.1281 .9728 .002624 002584 .07278 .13 61.01830 .37 62.9413 .38 381.03670 .003908 .1832 .01026 .3496 .002334 .004311 .02472 .01052 .06690 .04029 .63 .37 327.07982 .2084 .003819 .045 1.2755 .00 62.82 56.98 60.287 1.01914 .03240 .37 62.601 1.12 520 540 560 580 600 271 282 293 304 316 .424 1.58 62.01401 .04352 .005435 .2213 .01 1.004950 .142 2.55 57.2579 .31 62.42 62.008080 .46 62.2906 .325 1.002709 .73 61.1609 .1366 .13 60.001400 .37 62.9223 .049 1.39 61.219 1.01 60.98 .1224 .94 46.57 60.68 60.007369 .242 46.01241 .001272 .01557 .42 62.01682 .1973 .9877 .1464 .03006 .488 1.7840 .37 62.002271 .03514 .2026 56.1107 .078 50.23 50.31 220 240 260 280 300 104 116 127 138 149 .06482 .74 56.01254 .002847 .57 60.04239 .37 62.005755 61.02351 .37 62.00 62.00 62.

70 0.94 7 .4 .4.7 8 .9 . .6 0 .90 0. 0. *Reprinted from Crane Company’s Technical Paper 410.0 . (°F) Example: The specific gravity of an oil at 60°F is 0.6 8 6 59 4.84 25.3 33.5 – 131.P.50 150 130 110 90 70 50 30 10 0 21 .9 82 .0 65 .85.) °API 1.37 C 2H 6 S – Specific Gravity of Oil at any Temperature (Referred to water at 60° F) 1.00 Specific Gravity 0. Specific Gravity versus API Gravity (for hydrocarbon based products and water gravity °A. the density of water at 60°F.6 70 .92 10 .5 G 0.7 2 49 .9 0. C₂H₆ = Ethane C₃H₈ = Propane C₄H₁₀ = Butane iC₄H₁₀ = Isobutane iC₅H₁₂ = Isopentane To find the weight density of a petroleum oil at its flowing temperature when the specific gravity at 60°F is known.60 °API = 141.96 .90 1 5 .5 C 3H H 10 C4 H 10 C4 09 8 8 0.7 .6 76 .1 12. 0.7 .80 . The specific gravity at 100°F = 0.7 .2 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Temp.0 .83. 6 24 6 0.88 19.Properties: Specific Gravity of Petroleum Products Temperature Relationship for Petroleum Oils (Reproduced by permission from the Oil and Gas Journal) 0.04 API Gravity 1.7 0 37 . 0 .00 at 60° F .86 22.3 C5 4 58 0.I.80 0.3 . 564 0.7 0.9 5 . multiply the specific gravity of the oil at flowing temperature (see chart above) by 62.6 4 .5 0.8 0.82 29 .7 0.0 CRITICAL TEMPERATURE 0.4 .1 45 .98 .9 .74 6 41 .5 89 H 12 Specific Gravity 60/60 1.

8805 4.5349 2.9327 0.9997 2.4218 0.4107 1.9741 1.7997 2.7406 1. The speed of sound in vapors is measured at 206°F (97°C) except water which is measured at 270°F (134°C).8985 3.8088 1.0364 1.9156 2.0537 0.1744 2.0391 2.7665 3.2972 4.3529 3.6632 7.3547 0.0063 100 PSIA 200 PSIA 300 PSIA 400 PSIA Properties: Speed of Sound Gases air.0523 2.4519 1.4911 1.0416 3.2547 4.6724 1.0601 1.9796 1.2258 4.4375 4.6266 2.7081 0.6553 2.5231 2.0602 0.6184 °F °C 14.0533 3.8013 160 180 200 220 240 71 82 93 104 116 0.103 2.8175 5.7684 6.3274 5.5567 5.5338 7.1353 1.8174 3.1482 4.4405 2.3257 4.7147 3.5012 0.2444 3.5086 5.5699 1.2306 3.4829 0.0325 1.8711 2.3654 2.0830 0.6898 0.521 2.059 2.9315 6.0974 2.0135 2.0585 0.4503 1.3745 0.7480 0.0621 0.661 2.4567 3.0275 2.71 1.9375 1.7697 1.2805 5.3239 3.0949 0.8308 5.5227 2.3388 1.0406 5.0485 3.9265 1.2288 2.5347 3.2666 3.7628 4.9144 3.0141 1.0568 0.1954 4.4497 1.3339 2.0905 0. dry ammonia argon carbon dioxide carbon monoxide chlorine deuterium ethane ethylene helium hydrogen hydrogen bromide hydrogen chloride hydrogen iodide hydrogen sulfide illuminating (coal gas) methane neon nitric oxide nitrogen nitrous oxide oxygen sulfur dioxide 22 m/sec ft/sec 331 415 308 259 338 206 890 308 317 965 1284 200 206 157 289 453 430 435 324 334 263 316 213 1086 1362 1010 850 1109 676 2920 1010 1040 3166 4213 656 676 515 948 1486 1411 1427 1063 1096 863 1037 699 Vapors acetone benzene carbon tetrachloride chloroform ethanol ethyl ether methanol water m/sec ft/sec 230 202 145 171 269 206 335 494 755 663 476 561 883 676 1099 1621 Note: the speed of sound in gases is measured at 32°F (0°C) except ethane and nitric oxide which is measured at 50°F (10°C).5051 6.98 3.6553 3.8606 1.8668 1.684 1.6846 3.3087 1.3456 0.0711 0.3997 1.4356 0.4546 2.8432 2.0737 0.7927 0.7256 2.492 4.7429 60 80 100 120 140 16 27 38 49 60 0.73 PSIA –40 –20 0 20 40 –40 –29 –18 – 7 4 0.8098 5.264 1.1424 3.5205 2.8779 2.4819 3.6368 2.6725 3.1569 3.0523 0.1078 1.7599 1.4157 6. .4089 0.7551 2.3369 0.5815 1.1529 260 280 300 320 340 127 138 149 160 171 0.0765 0.0664 0.2246 1.8798 3.1184 4.3737 1.9748 6.1382 5.857 5.5421 1.2992 4.5905 0.1432 3.3511 2.5951 4.4228 4.0417 3.7316 3.0552 0.8171 0.1728 3.9007 1.9670 0.4660 0.5652 0.0041 0.3949 3.6439 3.3013 4.0442 1.3525 3.389 3.0687 0.5085 1.8006 2.3061 1.0424 3.6321 3.3644 0.3853 0.0797 0.2887 2.1811 6.4803 3.3995 2.1202 1.6347 4.9608 2.7906 1.0447 3.2511 3.7001 3.6698 2.3637 4.5208 0.8432 0.5956 2.3897 2.6073 2.0641 0.1658 1.409 6.4768 5.245 1.6879 3.1886 3.9264 3.1875 1.6311 1.8295 3.5478 4.6182 0.7509 4.938 2.5882 4.2191 4.1783 4.1877 1.8464 4.0893 1.4234 2.7275 0.0510 0.8799 1.7502 4.Properties: Density of Air Temperature Air Density lbm/ft3 500 600 PSIA PSIA 700 PSIA 800 PSIA 900 PSIA 1000 PSIA 1100 PSIA 4.0866 0.7953 4.0878 1.7136 1.3967 0.1594 4.9093 2.4695 3.0529 4.4845 5.092 2.6488 0.5296 3.871 0.0497 0.2031 5.2948 3.6577 4.1666 2.

5 15.6 5.4 4.3 4.1 17.5 5.9 6.6 3.0 3.2 4.0 13.0 3.7 9.7 6.9 3.1 5.2 20.9 9.0 20.0 23.1 6.0 22.3 3.3 5.2 21.3 6.9 4.0 26. Liquids Arsenic Trichloride Arsenic Triiodide Arsine Asphalt Azoxyanisole Azoxybenzene BPA Beef Talo Benzal Chloride Benzaldehyde Benzaldoxime Benzene Benzil Benzonitrile Benzonitrile Benzophenone Benzophenone Benzotrichloride Benzoylacetone Benzoyl Chloride Benzoyl Chloride Benzyl Acetate Benzyl Alcohol Benzylamine Benzyl Benzoate Benzyl Chloride Benzyl Cyanide Benzyl Ethylamine Benzyl Methylamine Benzyl Salicylate Bornyl Acetate Boron Bromide Boronyl Chloride Bromal Bromocotyl Bromide Bromohexadecane Bromine Bromo-2-Ethoxyheptane Bromoaniline Bromoanisole Bromobenzene Bromobutylene Bromobutyric Acid Bromodecane Bromodocosane Bromododocane Bromo-2-Othoxypentane Bromoform Bromoheptane Bromohexane Bromolsovoleric Acid Bromonaphtholene Bromooctodecane Bromopentaeocane Bromoproplonic Acid Bromotoluene Bromotridecone Bromoundecone Butane N-Butylacetate Temperature °F °C 70 302 -58 75 122 104 68 70 68 68 68 68 202 68 160 68 122 68 68 158 75 70 68 68 68 68 68 68 67 68 70 32 202 70 68 76 68 68 66 86 68 68 68 76 130 76 76 68 76 76 68 66 86 68 68 68 50 15 30 66 21 150 -50 24 50 40 20 21 20 20 20 20 95 20 71 20 50 20 20 70 24 21 20 20 20 20 20 20 19 20 21 0 95 21 20 24 20 20 19 30 20 20 20 24 54 24 24 20 24 24 20 19 30 20 20 20 10 –9 –1 19 Dielectric Constant 12.3 5.2 3.0 5.8 6. establish how much capacitance information your particular application will develop.4 25.5 15.1 19.0 7.6 2.0 13.6 5.1 4.9 11.4 5.5 17.6 2.1 5.1 22.0 16.8 22.0 11.2 7.0 4.4 4.6 22.0 7.8 5.0 2.6 3.9 33.7 3.0 7.8 11.5 3.0 2.0 5.4 4.2 4.1 4.5 13.4 3.8 7.6 4.7 2.4 3.6 12.1 3.2 6.8 2.7 2.5 15.8 6.7 1.8 7.0 13.3 4.1 5.4 7.3 5.1 5.5 3.7 17.7 20. Liquids Acenaphthene Acetal Acetaldehyde Acetaldoxime Acetamide Acetanilide Acetic Acid Acetic Anhydride Acetone Acetone Acetone Acetonitrile Acetophenone Acetoxime Acetylacetone Acetylbromide Acetylchloride Acetylmethyl Hexyl Ketone Acrylic Resin Aliphatic Amine Allyl Alcohol Allyl Bromide Allyl Chloride Allyl Iodide Allyl Isothiocyanate Alluminum Bromide Alluminum Oleate Alox 600 Aminox Ammonia Ammonia Ammonia Ammonia.4 5.0 Non-conductive materials are those with dielectric values less than 10.8 9.3 3.0 2.4 7. or determine the effect of a coating on the probe. Conductive materials are those with dielectric values greater than 10.8 6.4 5.3 13.9 17. Aqueous Amyl Acetate Amyl Alcohol Amyl Alcohol Amyl Alcohol Amylamine Amyl Benzoate Amyl Bromide Amyl Chloride Amylene Amylene Bromide Amyl Ether Amyl Formate Amyl Iodide Amylmercapton Amyl Nitrate Amyl Thiocyanate Aniline Aniline Aniline Anisaldehyde Anisoldoxine Anisole Antimony Pentachloride Antimony Tribromide Antimony Trichloride Antimony Tricodide Arsenic Tribromide Temperature °F °C 70 70 50 70 68 71 65 70 75 80 130 70 75 75 68 68 68 66 70 195 70 66 68 66 64 212 68 130 275 -30 -104 75 70 68 -180 68 140 72 68 50 52 70 58 60 66 62 68 62 68 32 68 212 68 145 68 68 212 166 347 98 21 21 10 21 20 22 18 21 24 27 54 21 24 24 20 20 20 19 20 90 21 19 20 19 18 100 20 54 135 -34 -75 24 21 20 -118 20 60 22 20 10 11 21 14 16 19 17 20 17 20 0 20 100 20 63 20 20 100 74 175 37 Dielectric Constant 3.2 4.9 16.1 16.1 4.4 7.0 35.7 37. This information can be used to help select a probe.5 4.4 18.8 27.2 4.1 17.1 23 .4 22.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids This listing contains dielectric values for the most commonly used materials.4 2.0 8.1 2.1 6.0 5.

7 3.6 5.3 2.7 7.4 11.7 2.5 7.6 4.7 7.3 2.6 2.1 5.3 4.1 2.9 6.0 11.8 5.6 Liquids Temperature °F °C Cresol 75 Crisco Oil 130 Crotonic Nitrice 68 Cumaldehyde 59 Cumene 68 Cumicaldehyde 58 Cupric Oxide 60 Cyanoacetic Acid 40 Cyanoethyl Acetate 68 Cyanogen 73 Cyclohedane 68 Cyclohexane 68 Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acid 88 Cyclohexanone oxime 192 Cyclohexanemethanol 140 Cyclohexanone 68 Cyclohexylomine –5 Cyclohexylphenol 130 Cyclohexyltrifluoromethane -120 Cyclohexanol 77 Cyclopentane 68 P-Cymene 63 Cymene 62 Decahydronaphthalene 68 Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane 68 Decamethyltetrasiloxane 68 Decane 68 Decane 340 Decylene 62 Decyne 68 Decanol 68 Deuterium 68 Deuterium Oxide 76 Diacetoxybutane 76 Diallyl Sufide 68 Dibenzyl Sebacate 68 Dibroheptane 24 Dibromobenzene 68 P-Dibromobenzene 190 Dibromobutane 68 Dibromoethylene 32 Dibromomethane 50 Dibromoheptane 76 Dibromohexane 76 Dibromopropane 68 Dibromopropyl Alcohol 70 Dibenzylomine 68 Dibutyl phtolote 86 Dibutyl tartrote 109 Dichlorocetic Acid 68 Dibutyl sebacote 86 Dichlorocotone 68 O-Dichlorobenzone 77 P-Dichlorobenzone 68 O-Dichlorobenzene 68 Dichlorobenzene 127 1.7 5.6 2.9 7.0 2.0 2.8 2.8 5.7 2.0 4.0 15.6 5.6 13.2 15.3 2.3 9.8 5.3 5.8 4.6 2.0 9.0 4.8 11.2 2.2 1.7 2.6 3.4 2.8 2.0 19.1 5.2 8.8 31.0 5.9 1.7 16.3 6.9 2.8 10.7 7.0 2.4 10.5 8.9 4.9 12.9 .0 8.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids (cont.8 2.9 40.5 2.3 5.2 11.2 5.8 2.1 16.3 9.0 2.3 5.7 20.3 78.9 20.0 5.6 5.1 3.6 2. Dihydroxprone Chlorooctane Chlorotoluene Cholestrol Chorine Chromyl Chloride Cis-3-Hexene Cinnamaldehyde Citranconic Anhydride Cocaine Copper Oleate Creosol O-Cresol M-Cresol P-Cresol 24 Temperature °F °C 68 70 66 112 32 68 70 68 64 68 317 77 68 66 68 79 68 68 68 68 70 75 75 398 68 68 160 180 65 32 -110 68 68 68 64 71 58 75 104 480 68 59 140 32 68 68 68 212 76 71 32 192 68 76 66 68 76 68 80 170 68 76 75 68 68 68 62 75 75 75 20 21 19 45 0 20 21 20 18 20 158 25 20 19 20 26 20 20 20 20 21 24 24 203 20 20 71 82 18 0 -80 20 20 20 18 22 14 24 40 249 20 15 60 0 20 20 20 100 24 22 0 89 20 24 19 20 24 20 27 77 20 24 24 20 20 20 17 24 24 24 Dielectric Constant 5.5 3.6 6.3 2.5 5.7 18.3 3.8 5.0 29.1 33.5 12.0 13.6 2.0 7.0 2.5 3.9 4.4 10.5 14.5 2.0 1.4 2.0 11.2 18.4 6.5 7.9 4.7 12.7 20.1 4.7 18.1 2.1 8.0 21.5 18.0 3.2 28.5 2.6 10. 2-Dichloroethane 77 Dichloroethane 68 Dichlorostyrene 76 Dichlorotoluene 68 Dicyclohexyladipate 95 1-Diethoxyethane 76 Diethyloniline 66 Diethyl Benzalmalamate 32 Diethyl Di-malmate 64 Diethyl Disulfide 64 Diethyl Glutarate 86 Diethyl Ketone 58 Diethyl-L-malate 68 Diethyl Malanate 70 24 54 20 15 20 14 16 4 20 23 20 20 31 89 60 20 –21 54 -84 25 20 17 17 20 20 20 20 171 17 20 20 20 24 24 20 20 -4 20 88 20 0 10 24 24 20 21 20 30 43 20 30 20 25 20 20 53 25 20 24 20 35 24 19 0 18 18 30 14 20 21 Dielectric Constant 5.0 10.4 9.6 2.1 3.8 3.8 10.5 5.1 1.0 2.2 2.2 31.7 2.4 6.2 16.7 4.6 6.) Liquids Iso-Butylacetate Iso-Butylamine N-Butyl Alcohol Iso-Butyl Alcohol Iso-Butyl Alochol Iso-Butyl Alcohol Butylomine N-Butyl Bromide Butyl Chlorol Butyl Chloride N-Butyl Formate N-Butyl Iodide Iso-Butyl Iodide Iso-Butyl Nitrate Butyric Anhydride Butyroldehyda Butyric Acid N-Butyricacid Iso-Butyric Acid Butyric Anhydride Butyronitrile Iso-Butyronitrile Cable Oil Camphanedione Camphene Camphorpinacane Caproic Acid Caprolactum Caprylic Acid Carbon Dioxide Carbon Dioxide Carbon Disulfide Carbon Tetrachloride Carvenone Carveol Carvone Castor Oil Castor Oil Camphene Camphoric Imide Cetyl Iodide Chloral Hydrate Chlorocetic Acid Chlorine Chloroocelle Acid Chloroacetone Chlorobenzene Chlorobenzene Chlorocyclohexane Chloroheptane Chloroform Chlorohexanone oxime Chlorohydrate Chloronophtholene O-Chlorophenol 3-Chloro-1.6 2.0 9.7 17.6 4.

9 7.9 13.0 24.0 6.2 5.7 4.6 4.9 5.7 1.5 6.7 3.0 4.4 Dipolmitin Dipentene Diphenyl Diphenylomine Diphenylethane Diphenyl Ether Diphenylmethane Diproppylomine Dipropyl Ketone Distearin Docosane Dodeanol Dodecamethylcyclohexisolox Dodecamethylpentasiloxane Dodecyne Dowtherm Epichlorohydrin Epon Resin Ethonediomine Ethanethiol Ethanethiolic Acid Ethanol Ether Ethoxybenzene Ethoxyethyl Acetate Ethoxypentane Ethoxy-3-metylbutane Ethoxytoluene Ethoxynaphthalene Temperature °F °C 68 70 66 68 86 86 66 68 68 68 66 66 66 64 62 180 76 62 71 73 68 68 180 68 68 68 68 68 62 68 68 68 76 68 68 68 68 32 58 76 77 161 68 166 125 230 82 62 70 62 172 122 76 68 68 76 70 68 75 68 58 68 77 75 68 86 73 68 68 66 20 21 19 20 30 30 19 20 20 20 19 19 19 18 17 82 24 17 22 23 20 20 82 20 20 20 20 20 17 20 20 20 24 20 20 20 20 0 14 24 25 72 20.5 6.9 5.5 6.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids (cont.5 8.3 2.5 5.5 2.0 58.4 3.3 1.4 4.9 2.4 5.5 3.1 2.6 2.0 5.5 7.7 8.9 16.6 11.7 6.2 6.2 3.4 5.5 2.3 6.3 Liquids Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Acetoacetate Ethyl Acetoneoxalate Ethyl Acetophenoneoxalate Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Acrylate Ethylamine Ethyl Amyl Ether Ethyloniline Ethyl Benzene Ethyl Benzoate Ethyl Benzoylacetate Ethyl Benzoylacetoacetate Ethyl Benzyl Ether Ethyl 1-Brombutyrate Ethyl Bromide Ethyl Bromoisobutyrate Ethyl Bromoproprionate Ethyl Butyrate Ethyl Carbonate Ethyl Chloracetate Ethyl Chloroformate Ethyl Chloropropionate Ethyl Cinnamate Ethyl Cyanoacetate Ethyl Cyclobutane Ethyl Dodeconoate Ethylene Chloride Ethylene Chlorohydrin Ethylene Cyanide Ethylenediamine Ethylene Glycol Ethylene Oxide Ethyl Ether Ethyl Ether Ethyl Ether Ethyl Ethoxybenzoate Ethyl Formate Ethyl Formylphenylacetate Ethyl Fumorate Ethyl Iodide Ethyl 2-Iodoproprionate Ethyl Iso-Thioconate Ethyl Isothiocyanate Ethyl Levulinate Ethyl Maleate Ethyl Mercoptan Ethyl Nitrate Ethyl Oleate Ethyl Polmitate Ethyl Pentane Ethyl Phenylacetate Ethyl Propionate Ethyl Solicylate Ethyl Silicate Ethyl Stearate Ethyl Toluene Ethyl Trichloroacetate Ethyl Thiocyanate Ethyl Undeconoate Ethyl Volerate Ethyl Benzene Etibine Eugenol Fenchone Ferric Oleate Ferrous Oxide Ferrous Sulfate Flexol Flourine Temperature °F °C 68 71 66 66 77 257 70 68 68 68 68 68 70 68 68 64 68 68 68 68 68 68 68 66 68 68 68 68 75 136 64 68 30 –148 –40 68 70 66 68 73 68 68 68 68 70 73 68 68 80 68 68 70 68 70 68 104 76 68 68 68 68 76 –58 64 68 68 60 58 75 -332 20 22 19 19 25 125 21 20 20 0 20 20 21 20 20 18 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 19 20 20 20 20 24 58 18 20 –1 –100 –40 20 21 19 20 23 20 20 20 20 21 23 20 20 27 20 20 21 20 21 20 40 24 20 20 20 20 24 –50 18 20 20 16 14 24 -20 Dielectric Constant 6.0 2.9 3.1 3.9 8.0 5.3 27.7 3.3 4.2 1.9 13.6 3.5 15.3 14.9 12.6 3.8 1.1 4.8 8.6 4.7 19.0 3.4 3.6 14.2 14.3 55.0 3.0 37.3 24.3 2.1 12.4 10.7 8.6 2.3 7.3 10.6 4.3 4.0 2.3 16.7 4.3 4.6 2.0 6. 74 52 110 28 17 21 17 78 50 24 20 20 24 21 20 24 20 14 20 25 25 20 30 23 20 20 19 Dielectric Constant 3.2 3.0 2.3 4.5 2.3 11.7 11.1 5.9 8.9 2.0 3.0 2.1 8.5 5.4 8.2 7.0 1.5 25.3 2.1 11.8 10.4 4.4 11.0 19.0 12.5 2.4 22.9 2.7 12.8 29.8 19.4 15.2 3.7 8.2 7.1 3.0 13.6 3.4 3.) Liquids Diethylamine Diethyl Oxalate Diethyl Oxalacetate Diethyl Racemote Diethyl Sebacate Diethyl Succinate Diethyl Succinosuccinate Diethyl Sulfide Diethyl Sulfite Diethyl Tortrate Diethyl Disulfide Dihydrocoroane Dihydrocorvane Diimylamine Diioomylene Diiodoethylene Diiodomethane Diisoomyl Diisobutylomine Dimethoxybenzene Dimethylbromoethylene Dimethyldichloro Silane Dimethyleyclohexyomine Dimethyloniline Dimethyl Ethyl Dimethyl Ethyl Carbinol Dimethylheptane Dimethyl-2-hexane Dimethyl-1-Hydroxybenzene Dimethyl Malanate Dimethyl Oxalate Dimethylpentane Dimethylquinoxaline Dimethyl Sulfide Dimethyl Sulfate D imethyltoluidine M-Dinitro Benzene Dinitrogen Oxide Dinitrogen Tetroxide Dioctyl phthalate Dioxane 1.2 6.4 4.9 9.5 2.9 4.1 5.6 3.2 15.1 8.0 2.5 25 .0 6.3 2.3 2.7 12.8 8.1 3.5 7.6 2.

5 2.0 2.2 84.5 33.8 3.0 2.0 5.0 7.6 4.4 3.7 6.2 6 52.9 47.2 1.4 18.9 10.8 5.6 13.4 2.4 2.3 2.9 2.2 3.6 1.1 2.9 11.2 9.3 3.3 4.2 6.9 7.2 2.1 3.9 11.3 5.0 27.8 2.1 17.1 15.2 6.4 2.6 1.4 1.5 11.4 Liquids Temperature °F °C Isoamyl Volerate 66 Isobutyl Acetate 68 Isobutyl Alcohol 68 Isobutylamine 70 Isobutyl Benzene 62 Isobutyl Benzoate 68 Isobutyl Bromide 68 Isobutyl Bulyrate 68 Isobutyl Chloride 68 Isobutyl Cyanide 74 Isobutyl Chloroformate 68 Isobutyl Formate 66 Isobutylene Bromide 68 Isobutyl Iodide 68 Isobutyl Nitrate 66 Isobutyl Rininoleate 70 Isobutyl Volerate 66 Isobutryic Acid 68 Isobutryic Anhydride 68 Isobutyronitrila 75 Isocopronitrilo 68 Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) 68 Isopropylamine 68 Isopropyl Benzene 68 Isopropylether 77 Isopropyl Nitrate 66 Isoquinoline 76 Isonofrol 70 IsoValeric Acid 68 Jet Fuel (Military—JP4) 70 Kerosene 70 Lactic Acid 66 Lactonitrilla 68 Lead Carbonate 60 Lead Nomoxide 60 Lead Oleate 64 Lead Tetrachloride 68 Lemon Oil 70 Limonene 68 Linseed Oil 55 Linoleic Acid 32 Lonone 65 Malonic Nitrate 97 Maleic Anhydride 140 Mannitol 71 Mandelic Nitrile 73 Mandenitrile 73 Menthol 107 Menthenol 110 Methallmine 77 Methoxyethyl Stearate 140 Mercury Diethyl 68 Mesitylene 68 Mesitylene 68 Mesityl Oxide 68 Methal Cyanacetate 69 Methane 32 Methane -280 Methanol 77 Methoxybenzene 76 Methoxytoluene 68 Methoxy-4-Methylphenol 60 Methyl Acetate 68 Methyl Acetopheononoaxalate 64 Methylal 68 Methyl Alcohol –112 Methyl Alcohol 32 Methyl Alcohol 68 Methylamine 70 Methyl Benzoate 68 20 20 20 21 17 20 20 20 20 23 20 18 20 20 19 21 19 20 20 24 20 20 20 20 25 19 24 21 20 21 21 19 20 16 16 18 20 21 20 13 0 18 36 60 22 23 23 42 43 25 60 20 20 20 20 21 0 -173 25 24 20 16 20 18 20 –80 0 20 21 20 Dielectric Constant 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.7 18.6 .4 3.6 18.3 2.9 3.7 14.8 19.3 3.5 6.5 4.0 4.3 83.2 5.) Liquids Temperature °F °C Fluorotoluene 86 Formamide 68 Formic Acid 60 Freon 12 70 Freon 11 70 Freon 113 70 Furan 76 Furfuraldehyde 68 Furmanium Tetrachloride 76 Furfural 70 Gasoline 70 Germanium Tetrachloride 77 Grapeseed Oil 60 Glycerine 68 Glycerol 68 Glycerol 32 Glycerol Triacetate 70 Glycol 68 Glycol 122 Glycolic Nitrile 68 Guaiacol 0 Glucohepititol 248 Hagemannic Ester 68 Helium-3 58 Heptadecconome 140 Heptane 68 Heptanone 68 Heptanoic Acid 160 Heptyl Alcohol 70 Hexamethylene 75 Hexamethylene Diamine 150 Hexomethyldisiloxane 68 Hexane 68 Hexanol 76 Hexanone 59 Hexdecamethylcyloheptasiloxane 68 Hexyl Iodide 68 Hexylene 62 Hydrocyanic Acid 70 Hydrofluoric Acid 32 Hydrogen -423 Hydrogen Bromide 76 Hydrogen Chloride 82 Hydrogen Cyanide 70 Hydrogen Fluoride 32 Hydrogen Iodide 72 Hydrogen Peroxide 32 Hydrogen Sulfide –120 Hydrogen Sulfide 48 Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone 76 Hydroxymethylene Camphor 86 Hydroxymethylenebenzyl Cyanide 68 Hydrazine 68 Indanol 140 Ido-Iedohexodecane 68 Iodine 284 Iodohexane 68 Iodoheptane 71 Iodomethane 68 Iodotoluene 68 Isoamyl Alcohol 74 Iodooctane 76 Isoamyl Bromide 76 Isoamyl Butyrate 68 Isoamyl Chlorocetate 68 Isoamyl Chloride 64 Isoamyl Chloroformate 68 Isoamyl Iodide 65 Isoamyl Propionate 68 Isoamyl Solicylate 68 26 30 20 16 21 21 21 24 20 24 21 21 25 16 20 20 0 21 20 50 20 –18 120 20 14 60 20 20 71 21 24 66 20 20 24 15 20 20 17 21 0 -253 24 28 21 0 22 0 –84 9 24 30 20 20 60 20 140 20 22 20 20 23 24 24 20 20 18 20 18 20 20 Dielectric Constant 4.1 13.7 4.0 6.8 11.1 6.0 58.4 42.9 84.0 2.0 2.0 42.7 33.0 43.9 20.4 15.5 11.1 10.8 4.1 5.6 5.0 51.0 7.4 38.9 7.0 10.5 2.5 2.0 3.6 6.4 7.6 1.6 2.3 5.9 41.6 37.0 2.7 1.9 2.9 13.6 27.8 6.6 2.0 47.7 56.3 14.2 35.9 7.0 11.6 6.0 5.7 3.8 2.4 3.9 4.4 3.8 18.3 5.6 4.6 95.0 47.1 9.4 84.4 29.2 5.4 2.5 10.0 18.8 15.8 2.3 1.7 3.6 4.3 9.9 6.4 4.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids (cont.1 25.7 1.

0 13.0 54.8 3. 4-Pentonddiol Methyl-2-Pentoene Methylphenyl Hydrazin Methyl Propionate Methyl Propyl Ketone Methyl p-toluate Methyl Salicylate Methyl Thiocyanate Methyl Trichloro Silane Methyl Volorate Metilox Mineral Oil Monomyristin Monopalmitin Monostearin Nanene Napthalene Napthalene Napthonitrile Napthtyl Ethyl Ether Nitric Acid Nitroenisole Nitrobenzol Doxime Nitrobenzene Nitrobenzene Nitrobenzene Nitrobenzyl Alcohol Nitroethane Nitrogen Nitromethane Nitroglycerin Nitrosodimethylamine Nitrosyl Bromide Nitrosyl Chloride Nitrotoluene Nitrous Oxide Nonane O-Chlorophenol Octadecanol Octamethyltrisiloxane Octanone Octane Octane Octyl Alcohol Octylene Octyl Iodide Temperature °F °C 65 68 62 68 68 77 68 192 68 95 70 70 78 72 68 68 68 62 68 68 80 69 82 70 86 68 66 66 58 91 68 68 68 66 160 80 158 152 170 50 185 68 70 67 57 68 248 68 77 176 68 68 -203 68 68 68 4 10 68 32 68 66 136 68 68 68 76 64 65 68 18 20 17 20 20 25 20 89 20 35 20 21 26 22 20 20 20 17 20 20 27 21 28 21 30 21 19 19 14 33 20 20 20 19 71 27 70 67 77 10 85 20 21 19 14 20 120 20 25 80 20 20 -130 20 20 20 -16 -12 20 0 20 19 58 20 20 20 24 18 18 20 Dielectric Constant 4.4 3.8 4.1 4.4 2.4 9.6 2.5 3.9 3.1 2.2 3.3 3.7 3.9 3.0 8.0 35.3 9.2 25.9 1. Lemon Oil.9 26.5 8.9 10.1 5.9 12. Petroleum Oil.3 10.0 7.0 1.8 9.2 3.3 4. Transformer Oleic Acid Palmitic Acid Paraldehyde Peanut Oil Pentochloroethane Pentane Phenethiene Phenenthrene Phenetidine Phenetole Phenol Phenol Ether Phenol Isobuthyl Phenoxyacetylene Phenylacetaldehyde Phenylacetanitrile Phenylacetate Phenylacetic Phenylethanol Phenylethyl Acetate Phenylisocyanate Phenyliso-Thiocyanate Phosgene Phenyl-1-Iropane Phosphine Phosphorus Phenylsolicylate Phtholide Pinocolin Pinocone Pinane Piperidine Propane Propionoldehyde Propionic Acid Propionic Anhydride Propionitrile Propyl Acetate Propyl Alcohol Propyl Benzene Propyl Bromide Propyl Butyrate Propyl Cholorformate Propyl Ether Propyl Formate Propyl Nitrate Propyl Propionate Propyl Volerate Pseudocumene Pulegone Pulezone Pyridine Pyroanol Oil Quinoline Quinoline Temperature °F °C 68 68 57 61 70 55 68 68 52 68 68 55 68 68 68 68 160 68 110 60 68 68 230 70 70 130 85 85 76 68 80 68 68 68 58 68 68 32 68 –76 93 122 166 62 75 68 68 32 62 66 60 68 68 68 68 68 68 68 78 66 64 68 65 60 68 66 68 68 77 460 20 20 14 16 21 13 20 20 11 20 20 13 20 20 20 20 71 20 43 16 20 20 110 21 21 54 29 29 24 20.7 7.2 40.0 24.3 4.0 5.3 11.4 7.0 3.1 3.0 12.2 2.9 Liquids Octic Acid Oil.3 36.1 5.2 4.) Liquids Methyl Benzylamine Methyl Butane Methyl Butyl Ketone Methyl Butyrate Methyl Chloracetate Methyl Chloride Methyl Cyclohexonal Methyl Cyclohexanone Methyl Cyclopentane Methyl-1-Cyclopentanol Methylene Chloride Methylene Iodide Methyl Ether Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl Ethyl Ketoxime Methyl Heptanol Methyl Hexane Methyl Kezyl Ketone Methyl Iodide Methyl-5 Ketocyclohexylene Methyl Nitrobenzoate Methyl Octane Methoxyphenol Methyl O-Methoxybenzoate Methyl-2. 27 20 20 20 14 20 20 0 20 –60 34 50 75 17 24 20 20 0 17 19 16 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 26 19 18 20 18 16 20 19 20 20 25 238 Dielectric Constant 2.7 4.8 2.1 2.8 4.0 18.4 1.8 12.9 2.3 3.7 1.3 1.7 2.9 13.1 27 . Sesame Oil.7 7.0 2. Almond Oil.9 9. Terpentine Oil.0 2. Cottonseed Oil.8 18.6 12.4 5.3 2. Sperm Oil.0 30.7 1. Pyranol Oil.0 2. Grapeseed Oil.4 18.5 6.8 7.4 3.1 24.0 48.4 2.9 6.4 13.2–4.3 5.0 18.4 7.0 19.1 7.1 18.4 16.0 6.7 4.0 6.4 5.0 27.2 2.5 4.5 9.8 2.9 2.8 2.6 18.5 2.3 4.9 4.1 36.4 4.3 22.8 24.0 11.7 12.7 6.1 34.5 3.0 2. Olive Oil.4 3.5 8.7 5.9 14.0 4.8 4.3 9.8 14. Peanut Oil.0 27. Linseed Oil.1 6.5 5.1 5. Paraffin Oil.3 2.0 2.3 14.2 4.5 39.5 2.7 2.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids (cont.9 10.1 6.3 5.0 13.4 19.2 2.5 2.3 21.

0 6.0 2.0 35.5 6.6 6.2 11.2 3.8 5.0 2.2 2.9 Liquids Trifluoroacetic Acid Trinitrotoluene Triethyl Ethanetricarbox Trimethyl-3-Heptane Tribomopropane Tributylphosphate Trichloroacetic Acid Trichlorotoluene Trichloroethylene Trichloropropane Tricosanane Tricosyl Phosphate Triethyl Aconitate Triethylamine Triethyl Aluminum Triethyl Isoaconitate Trifluoroactic Acid Trifluorotoluene Triethylomine Trimethylbenzene Trimethylborate Trimethylbutane Trimethylpentane Trimethylsulfanilic Acid Trinitrobenzene Trinitrotoluene Tripolmitin Triphenylmethane Tistearin Triolein Turpentine Undecane Undecanone Urea Urethane Valaraldehyde Valeric Acid Valeronitrile Vanadium Oxybromide Vanadium Oxychloride Vanadium Tetrachloride Vegetable Oil Vegetable Oil Veratrol Vinyl Ether Water Water Water Water (Ultra-Clean.1 9.1 2.0 89.0 80.5 2.3 8.2 5.9 2.2 7.0 18.9 3.4 3.6 9.0 4.0 12–15 7.0 2.2 2.4 3.8 3.0 9.8 2.9 5.0 .5 15.0 8.0 6.2 13.4 4.5 2.1 4.8 3.0 3.8 10.0 2.2 2.0 2.0 3.6 3.8 2.) Liquids Safrol Salicyladehyde Santowax Selenium Sesame Oil Silicon Tetrachloride Sodium Hydroxide Sodium Oleate Sorbitol Stannic Chloride Stearic Acid Styrene (phenylethene) Succinamide Succinic Acid Sulfur Dioxide Sulfurous Oxychloride Sulfur Monochloride Sulfur Trioxide Sulfuryl Chloride Sulfur Sulfur Sulfur Dioxide Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Oxychloride Sulfur Trioxide Tartaric Acid Tartaric Acid Terpinene Terpineol Tetrobromiethone Tetrachloroethylene Tetradecamethylcycloheptas Tetraethyl Silicate Tetradecanal Tetraethyl Amylenetetrarar Tetraethyl Propane Tetracarboxylate Tetraethyl Propylene Tetracarboxylate Tetrahydro-B-Naphthol Tetratriocontadiene Tetronitrimethane Thioacetic Acid Thionyl Bromide Thionyl Chloride Thiophene Thiophosphoryl Chloride Tin Tetrochloride Titanium Tetrochloride Thujone Toluene Toluidine Tolunitrile Totane Tolyl Methyl Ether Trans-3-Hexane Transformer Oil Transmission Oil Trichloroethane Tallowamine Triethylamine Triethylamine 28 Temperature °F °C 70 68 70 482 55 60 70 68 176 72 71 77 72 78 -4 72 58 64 72 752 245 32 68 72 70 68 58 70 68 68 70 68 68 100 66 66 66 68 70 68 68 68 68 68 70 68 68 32 68 68 73 111 68 76 68 80 68 108 75 39 21 20 21 250 13 16 20 20 80 22 160 25 22 26 -20 22 14 18 22 400 118 0 20 22 21 20 14 21 20 20 21 20 20 38 189 19 19 20 21 20 20 20 20 20 21 20 20 0 20 20 23 44 20 24 20 27 20 42 24 4 Dielectric Constant 3.5 2.8 2.7 4.5 2.7 2.9 88.2 6.0 4.4 5.0 22.9 2.0 48.9 2.2 2.3 2.1 10.5 3.2 2.0 2.9 2.2 2.6 2.0 9.2 39.2 1.8 5.9 2.4 2.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids (cont.4 3.4 6.5 2.9 2.4 2.4 17.4 8.1 13.2 11.4 80.1 4.3 5.0 2.5 3.9 6.6 84.9 2.9 7.5 3.8 7.7 3.7 33.5 3.4 3.3 2.2 22.0 9.6 17.4 3.3 4.7 4.5 2. DI) Wax Xylene Xylenol Xylidine Temperature °F °C 68 68 66 68 68 86 141 70 61 76 176 104 68 70 68 68 68 86 39 68 68 68 68 64 68 69 140 212 158 76 68 68 58 71 74 58 62 70 78 78 78 100 230 73 68 32 68 212 68 100 68 62 68 20 20 19 20 20 30 61 21 16 24 80 40 20 21 20 20 20 30 4 20 20 20 20 18 20 21 60 100 70 24 20 20 14 22 23 14 17 21 26 26 26 38 110 23 20 0 20 100 20 38 20 17 20 Dielectric Constant 39.4 3.4 2.

0 3.1 6.0–5.3 4.0 29 .6 4.8 4.4 3.1 10.1 3.8 5.6 46.4 3.0 2.0 1.0 5.3 6.4 7.2–1.6 7.3 11.6 3.5 Material Nylon Paper Paraffin Phenonthrene Phenol Phosphorus.6 5.8 11.0 3.4 5.0 2. Red Phosphorus.9 4.5 2.0 2.2 2.7 5.2 12.4 9.8 2.4 5.0 3.0 11.5 12.1 3.3 25.5 18.3 4.1 5.0 9.1 4.2 1.6 4.9 10.5 3.1 5.2 3.0 3.7 2.0 14.4 3.6 3.8 5.9–2.0 5.3 9.0–7.9 37.8 2.5 1.2 7.0 8.2 11.0 7.5 5.3 10.7 7.0 2.5–2.2 3.2 2.8 4.2 9.8 18.0 7.7 3.6–7.6 5.9 14.4 5.5 8.2 4.7 8.0 11.3 5.0–5.2 5.2 25.0 3.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Solids Material Acetamide Acetanilide Acetic Acid Aluminum Phosphate Ammonium Bromide Ammonium Chloride Antimony Trichloride Asbestos Asphalt Bakelite Barium Chloride Barium Chloride Barium Nitrate Barium Sulfate Calcium Carbonate Calcium Fluoride Calcium Sulfate Cellulose Cellulose Acetate Cement Cereals Charcoal Cupric Oleafe Cupric Oxide Cupric Sulfate Diamond Diphenylethane Dolomite Ferrous Oxide Fly Ash Glass Iodine Lead Acetate Lead Carbonate Lead Chloride Lead Nomoxide Lead Nitrate Lead Oleate Lead Oxide Lead Sulfate Magnesium Oxide Malachite Mercuric Chloride Mercurous Chloride Mica Napthalane Dielectric Constant 41.1 7.0 3.7–4. Yellow Polyethylene Polypropylene Porcelain Potassium Aluminum Sulphate Potassium Carbonate Potassium Chlorate Potassium Chloride Potassium Chloronate Potassium Iodide Potassium Nitrate Potassium Sulfate Quartz Resorcinol Rice Rubber Sand Selinium Shellac Silver Bromide Silver Chloride Silver Cyanide Slate Sodium Carbonate Sodium Carbonate Sodium Chloride Sodium Nitrate Sodium Oleate Sodium Perchlorate Sulfur Sugar Sucrose Tantalum Oxide Thallium Chloride Thorium Oxide P-Toluidine Urea Zinc Sulfide Zirconium Oxide Teflon Dielectric Constant 3.0 1.0–5.0 2.

as follows: µ = µo )( ) 0.7°) is 0. the correction of viscosity for pressure is less than 10% for pressures up to 500 pounds per square inch. Note: The variation of viscosity with pressure is small for most gases. F) for which viscosity is desired.010 .007 -40 NH 3 0 40 80 120 160 t – Temperature in Degrees Fahrenheit 30 200 240 . .011 . for which viscosity is known. Fluid µ – Viscosity in Centipose µo = viscosity.00 .014 F-11 . in degrees Rankine.032 T = absolute temperature. 2 . 127 120 111 CO2 CO SO2 240 118 416 NH3 H2 370 72 HYDRO CARBON VAPOR AND NATURAL GASES Sg = .Properties: Viscosity of Gases and Vapors The curves for hydrocarbon vapors and natural gases in the chart at the upper right are taken from Maxwell.015 centipoise.028 .555 T + C ( T To Viscosity of various gases Viscosity of Various Gases O2 ³⁄₂ . C = Sutherland’s constant.008 .017 µ – Viscosity in Centipoise .040 Helium Air .75 CO Sg =1.015 F-12 .016 2 SO .012 .5 NH3 Sg = .012 F I C CH 3 3 1 -1 -114 F .013 .020 H2 .018 Lower chart example: The viscosity of carbon dioxide gas (CO2) at about 80°F (26. in degrees Rankine (460 + deg.555 To + C 0. To = absolute temperature.009 .019 CO .016 centipoise.036 where: N2 CO2 SO2 µ = viscosity. the curves for all other gases (except helium) in the chart are based upon Sutherland’s formula. For gases given on this page.024 . in centipoise at temperature T.016 Approximate Values of “C” O2 Air N2 .008 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 t – Temperature in Degrees Fahrenheit Viscosity of Refrigerant Vapors (saturated and superheated vapors) Upper chart example: The viscosity of sulphur dioxide gas (SO2) at 200°F (93°C) is 0. in centipoise at temperature To. .

...F-113 Ethyl Alcohol....... 4........012 .020 ......025 ........020 .020 .............017 .016 .016 ....014 .....Hg 10% Sodium Chloride Brine ....300 .680 .......017 .....299 1.021 .........029 .427 ...014 ..0 Properties: Viscosity of Various Liquids 19 4.. 2..............023 .016 .228 ..018 ...019 ...029 .427 .024 ..023 ....300 .........028 ...680 .427 ....028 ..016 .680 ..014 .024 650 (343) .....103 450 (232) ...1 ...667 .... 13 14 17 1..019 500 (260) ...024 ......08 .6 ..751 1..05 ........027 800 (427) .313 ....299 1.......023 ..026 .CH₃CI Sulphur Dioxide ....019 ..023 ......023 ........023 .021 .022 .017 ......753 1......030 ...... 14...301 150 ( 66) .030 .012 ......228 ......... 10..022 ....20% NaCl 10% Calcium Chloride Brine ..028 ...024 .018 ...299 .....024 ...016 ..023 . 7......021 .. 13...680 ..............018 .021 ..0 Carbon Dioxide .023 ...........152 ......030 ......14 centipoise..138 .........07 ..........026 .CO₂ Ammonia ...............04 Example: The viscosity of ammonia at 40°F is 0....030 ...228 .....022 ...... 18.763 1.016 .. ....015 ....164 ...026 ...680 ...020 .027 ..013 .......030 ...021 .4 3 .018 .........028 .............10% NaCl 20% Sodium Chloride Brine ....022 .427 ..C₂H₅OH Isopropyl Alcohol ...017 .020 .....021 .183 .....014 .....019 1000 (538) ...094 Saturated Steam .184 250 (121) ...20% NaOH Mercury ...028 ...0 18 3.5 5 ..022 .......... 19..(CH₃)₂ CH₂0 20% Sulphuric Acid ....299 1......115 ...015 .............680 ..019 ..299 1..011 .025 ................028 .197 ........680 50 ( 10) 1....019 .428 100 (37...016 .....Properties: Viscosity of Water and Steam Temperature °F (°C) Viscosity of Water and Steam – in Centipoise (µ) 1 PSIA 2 PSIA 5 PSIA 10 PSIA 20 PSIA 50 PSIA 100 PSIA 200 PSIA 500 PSIA 1000 PSIA Saturated Water ..................680 ...011 ..025 ....013 .680 . 17.299 1.....427 .NH₃ Methyl Chloride .........012 ..........029 .F-11 Freon 113 ..753 1.132 350 (177) ..111 .......015 .031 950 (510) ....028 .019 ..427 .. 16..2 1 .. 15...012 .......025 ..025 ..014 ...... 12..024 ...0 ........10% CaCl₂ 20% Calcium Chloride Brine ..0 5..131 ..09 ...017 ............524 .016 ....228 ...020 ......015 ..015 .029 ............012 ..021 .030 900 (482) .018 ......010 ... 5......153 ......023 ...018 ...427 ..024 ....753 1....021 ..749 0) 1..8) .022 .255 ..... 11..9 ..1299 1...388 .030 ....753 1..298 32 ( 1.020 .183 ......024 ...............013 ..019 .......................021 550 (288) ..........300 ..026 ......026 .020 .F-114 Freon 11 .........029 .8 ....030 ... 10 6......014 .... 9.......021 ..182 ... 3...20% CaCl₂ 11 16 9 2...028 .....3 2 12 7 6 4 ....06 ..........029 .......027 .......013 ......013 ......... 6.027 .029 ..028 ...... 8......7 .026 750 (399) ...015 .023 ...025 700 (371) ...010 .....030 ...SO₂ Freon 12 ..022 ..023 600 (316) .0 8 15 µ – Viscosity in Centipoise 1...011 ....20% H₂SO₄ Dowtherm E Dowtherm A 20% Sodium Hydroxide.....680 .............019 .....300 ..........020 ............229 200 ( 93) ...............014 .013 .025 ........029 ..300 ...753 1.116 400 (204) ....025 .025 ...753 Values below the line are for water.154 300 (149) .....03 -40 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 t – Temperature in Degrees Fahrenheit 31 ..752 1...012 ...022 .....026 ....028 850 (454) ...299 1.025 ..015 ..024 .026 ..............015 .299 1.029 .....F-12 Freon 114 ....030 ...

3 . Fuel 5 (Min. Residuum 7 2 6 1.0 . 35. 40 Deg. Salt Creek Crude 11 14. Butane (C₄H₁₀) 400 4.8 21.I. Gasoline 16 6.1 .2 3 2 .6 .I.) 4 9 3 20.Properties: Viscosity of Liquid Petroleum Products 4000 20 3000 21 19 2000 18 17 1000 800 1. SAE 10 Lube (100 V. 48 Deg. Fuel 5 (Max.I. SAE 70 Lube (100 V. Bunker C Fuel (Max. Fuel 3 (Max. API Crude 12 40 12.) or Fuel 6 (Min. SAE 30 Lube (100 V. Note: Consult factory whenever viscosity of fluid exceeds 300 centipoise. 32 400 600 800 1000 . Natural Gasoline 2. Propane (C₃H₈) 300 5. Water 200 7. API Crude 10. Kerosene 8.3 10 20 30 40 60 80 100 200 300 t – Temperature in Degrees Fahrenheit Example: The viscosity of water at 125°F is 0. Distillate 13 100 80 9.52 centipoise (Curve No.) 14 16. Asphalt 5 . API Crude 60 11.) 6 18. API Crude µ – Viscosity in Centipoise 30 13.4 4 . 32. 6).6 Deg.6 Deg.) 8 19.) and M.4 .C. Ethane (C₂H₆) 600 3.) 10 10 8 17.8 1 .6 .) 15 20 15.

” “BC” “D” Size ¹⁄₂" ³⁄₄" 1" 1¹⁄₂" 2" 2¹⁄₂" 3" 3¹⁄₂" 4" 5" 6" 8" 3¹⁄₂" 3⁷⁄₈" 4¹⁄₄" 5" 6" 7" 7¹⁄₂" 8¹⁄₂" 9" 10" 11" 13¹⁄₂" ⁷⁄₁₆" ¹⁄₂" ⁹⁄₁₆" ¹¹⁄₁₆" ³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 2³⁄₈" 2³⁄₄" 3¹⁄₈" 3⁷⁄₈" 4³⁄₄" 5¹⁄₂" 6" 7" 7¹⁄₂" 8¹⁄₂" 9¹⁄₂" 11³⁄₄" 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 ⁵⁄₈" ⁵⁄₈" ⁵⁄₈" ⁵⁄₈" ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ¹⁄₂" ³⁄₄" 1" 1¹⁄₂" 2" 2¹⁄₂" 3" 3¹⁄₂" 4" 5" 6" 8" 3³⁄₄" 4⁵⁄₈" 4⁷⁄₈" 6¹⁄₈" 6¹⁄₂" 7¹⁄₂" 8¹⁄₄" 9" 10" 11" 12¹⁄₂" 15" ⁹⁄₁₆" ⁵⁄₈" ¹¹⁄₁₆" ¹³⁄₁₆" ⁷⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 1³⁄₁₆" 1¹⁄₄" 1³⁄₈" 1⁷⁄₁₆" 1⁵⁄₈" 2⁵⁄₈" 3¹⁄₄" 3¹⁄₂" 4¹⁄₂" 5" 5⁷⁄₈" 6⁵⁄₈"" 7¹⁄₄"" 7⁷⁄₈" 9¹⁄₄" 10⁵⁄₈" 13" 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 ⁵⁄₈" ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" ³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" 1" 33 .D” “BC” Size 1" 1¹⁄₂" 2" 2¹⁄₂" 3" 3¹⁄₂" 4" 5" 6" 8" 4⁷⁄₈" 6¹⁄₈" 6¹⁄₂" 7¹⁄₂" 8¹⁄₄" 9" 10" 11" 12¹⁄₂" 15" ¹¹⁄₁₆" ¹³⁄₁₆" ⁷⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 1³⁄₁₆" 1¹⁄₄" 1³⁄₈" 1⁷⁄₁₆" 1⁵⁄₈" 3¹⁄₂" 4¹⁄₂" 5" 5⁷⁄₈" 6⁵⁄₈" 7¹⁄₄" 7⁷⁄₈" 9¹⁄₄" 10⁵⁄₈" 13" Dia. of Dia.D. of Bolt Holes Dia.D. of Nominal Thickness Bolt Circle No. of No.Pipe Data: Dimensions of Blind Flanges "O. of Pipe “T” Holes Flange “O. Cast Iron–125# Outside Dia.D” “BC” Size 1" 1¹⁄₂" 2" 2¹⁄₂" 3" 3¹⁄₂" 4" 5" 6" 8" 4¹⁄₄" 5" 6" 7" 7¹⁄₂" 8¹⁄₂" 9" 10" 11" 13¹⁄₂" ⁷⁄₁₆" ⁹⁄₁₆" ⁵⁄₈" ¹¹⁄₁₆" ³⁄₄" ¹³⁄₁₆" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 3¹⁄₈" 3⁷⁄₈" 4³⁄₄" 5¹⁄₂" 6" 7" 7¹⁄₂" 8¹⁄₂" 9¹⁄₂" 11³⁄₄" Cast Iron–250# Dia. of Bolt Holes Holes “D” 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 ⁵⁄₈" ⁵⁄₈" ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" Outside Dia.D" "B. of Nominal Thickness Bolt Circle Dia. of Nominal Thickness Bolt Circle Dia.” “BC” “D” Size Outside Dia. of Pipe “T” Flange “O. of Dia. of Pipe “T” Flange “O. of Pipe “T” Holes Flange “O. of Bolt Holes Holes “D” 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 ³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" ³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" 1" Forged Steel – 150# Forged Steel – 300# Outside Dia.C" "D" "T" NOTE: Pressure ratings shown for forged steel flanges apply to all ASA/ANSI standard flanges. of Nominal Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Bolt Holes Dia. of No.

of Bolt Holes Dia. of Bolt Holes Dia. of Pipe “T” Holes Flange “O. of Bolt Holes Dia. of Pipe “T” Holes Flange “O. of Bolt Holes Dia.” “BC” “D” Size ¹⁄₂" ³⁄₄" 1" 1¹⁄₂" 2" 2¹⁄₂" 3" 4" 5" 6" 8" 34 4³⁄₄" 5¹⁄₈" 5⁷⁄₈" 7" 8¹⁄₂" 9⁵⁄₈" 10¹⁄₂" 12¹⁄₄" 14³⁄₄" 15¹⁄₂" 19" ⁷⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 1¹⁄₄" 1¹⁄₂" 1⁵⁄₈" 1⁷⁄₈" 2¹⁄₈" 2⁷⁄₈" 3¹⁄₄" 3⁵⁄₈" 3¹⁄₄" 3¹⁄₂" 4" 4⁷⁄₈" 6¹⁄₂" 7¹⁄₂" 8" 9¹⁄₂" 11¹⁄₂" 12¹⁄₂" 15¹⁄₂" 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 1¹⁄₄" 1³⁄₈" 1⁵⁄₈" 1¹⁄₂" 1³⁄₄" ¹⁄₂" ³⁄₄" 1" 1¹⁄₂" 2" 2¹⁄₂" 3" 4" 5" 6" 8" 5¹⁄₄" 5¹⁄₂" 6¹⁄₄" 8" 9¹⁄₄" 10¹⁄₂" 12" 14" 16¹⁄₂" 19" 21³⁄₄" 1³⁄₁₆" 1¹⁄₄" 1³⁄₈" 1³⁄₄" 2" 2¹⁄₄" 2⁵⁄₈" 3" 3⁵⁄₈" 4¹⁄₄" 5" 3¹⁄₂" 3³⁄₄" 4¹⁄₄" 5³⁄₄" 6³⁄₄" 7³⁄₄" 9" 10³⁄₄" 12³⁄₄" 14¹⁄₂" 17¹⁄₄" 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₄" 1¹⁄₈" 1¹⁄₄" 1³⁄₈" 1⁵⁄₈" 1⁷⁄₈" 2¹⁄₈" 2¹⁄₈" . of Nominal Thickness Bolt Circle No.D. of Dia.Pipe Data: Dimensions of Blind Flanges Forged Steel – 600# Forged Steel – 900# Outside Dia.” “BC” “D” Size Outside Dia. of Pipe “T” Holes Flange “O. of Dia. of Pipe “T” Holes Flange “O.” “BC” “D” Size ¹⁄₂" ³⁄₄" 1" 1¹⁄₂" 2" 2¹⁄₂" 3" 3¹⁄₂" 4" 5" 6" 8" 3³⁄₄" 4⁵⁄₈" 4⁷⁄₈" 6¹⁄₈" 6¹⁄₂" 7¹⁄₂" 8¹⁄₄" 9" 10³⁄₄" 13" 14" 16¹⁄₂" ⁹⁄₁₆" ⁵⁄₈" ¹¹⁄₁₆" ⁷⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 1¹⁄₄" 1³⁄₁₆" 1¹⁄₂" 1³⁄₄" 1⁷⁄₈" 2³⁄₁₆" 2⁵⁄₈" 3¹⁄₄" 3¹⁄₂" 4¹⁄₂" 5" 5⁷⁄₈" 6⁵⁄₈" 7¹⁄₄" 8¹⁄₂" 10¹⁄₂" 11¹⁄₂" 13³⁄₄" 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 ⁵⁄₈" ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" ³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" 1" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 1¹⁄₈" 1¹⁄₄" ¹⁄₂" ³⁄₄" 1" 1¹⁄₂" 2" 2¹⁄₂" 3" 4" 5" 6" 8" 4³⁄₄" 5¹⁄₈" 5⁷⁄₈" 7" 8¹⁄₂" 9⁵⁄₈" 9¹⁄₂" 11¹⁄₂" 13³⁄₄" 15" 18¹⁄₂" ⁷⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 1¹⁄₄" 1¹⁄₂" 1⁵⁄₈" 1¹⁄₂" 1³⁄₄" 2" 2³⁄₁₆" 2¹⁄₂" 3¹⁄₄" 3¹⁄₂" 4" 4⁷⁄₈" 6¹⁄₂" 7¹⁄₂" 7¹⁄₂" 9¹⁄₄" 11" 12¹⁄₂" 15¹⁄₂" 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 ⁷⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₈" 1" 1¹⁄₄" 1¹⁄₄" 1¹⁄₄" 1¹⁄₂" Forged Steel – 1500# Forged Steel – 2500# Outside Dia.D. of Dia. of Nominal Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Nominal Thickness Bolt Circle No.” “BC” “D” Size Outside Dia.D. of Nominal Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Dia.D.

600 lbs. °F -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 304 SS 304L/ 316L SS 310 SS 275 230 205 190 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 230 195 175 160 145 140 125 110 95 80 65 - 260 235 220 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 316 SS 321 SS 347/ 348 SS 275 235 215 195 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 275 245 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 275 255 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 A105 Carp. Carbon 20SS Steel 285 260 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 290 260 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 - Hast. Inconel Incoloy Inconel 400 & Nickel F22 F11 F91 F1 C625 & B2 200 800 600 405 ¹⁄₂ Mo 1¹⁄₄ Cr. Class 150 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Temp. °F. Inconel Incoloy Inconel 400 & Nickel F22 F11 F91 F1 C625 & B2 200 800 600 405 ¹⁄₂ Mo 1¹⁄₄ Cr. 300 lbs.Pipe Data: Flange Ratings Flanges DIN versus ANSI Pressure Rating ANSI 125 lbs. C & Monel Grade Grade Grade Grade Hast.9 CrIncoloy ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 265 260 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 290 260 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 290 260 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 290 260 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 290 260 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 - 290 260 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 275 255 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 290 260 230 200 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 35 20 230 200 190 185 170 140 125 110 95 80 65 50 - 140 140 140 140 140 140 - Temp.2¹⁄₄ Cr. Carbon 20SS Steel 740 675 655 635 600 550 535 535 505 410 270 170 105 50 - 750 720 715 675 655 605 590 570 530 510 - Hast. 400 lbs. PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN Type Flat Face Raised Face Sizes ANSI DIN 6 / PN 10 16 25 / PN 40 64 100 150 250 320 / PN 400 = Form B flange = Form C flange (Form E is smoother facing finish) Ring Joint Flange = Only for ANSI flanges DIN 1" 1¹⁄₂" 2" 2¹⁄₂" 3" 4" 5" 6" DN DN DN DN DN DN DN DN 25 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 A DIN flange is never identical to an ANSI flange. -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 35 . °F. 900 lbs. 2500 lbs. °F -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 304 SS 304L/ 316L SS 310 SS 316 SS 321 SS 347/ 348 SS 720 600 540 495 465 435 430 425 415 405 395 390 380 320 310 255 200 155 115 85 60 50 35 25 600 505 455 415 380 360 350 345 335 330 320 - 670 605 570 535 505 480 470 455 450 435 425 420 385 345 335 260 190 135 105 75 60 45 35 25 720 620 560 515 480 450 445 430 425 420 420 415 385 350 345 305 235 185 145 115 95 75 60 40 720 645 595 550 515 485 480 465 460 450 445 440 385 355 315 270 235 186 140 110 85 65 50 40 720 660 615 575 540 515 505 495 490 485 485 450 385 365 360 325 275 170 125 95 70 66 40 35 A105 Carp. DIN increments differ from country to country. 150 lbs. -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 Class 300 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Temp.9 CrIncoloy ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 695 680 655 640 620 605 590 570 530 510 485 450 280 165 - 750 750 720 695 665 605 590 570 530 510 485 450 320 215 145 95 60 40 - 750 750 730 705 665 605 590 570 530 510 485 450 375 260 175 110 70 40 - 750 750 730 705 665 605 590 570 530 510 485 450 385 365 360 300 225 145 - 750 750 730 705 665 605 590 570 530 510 - 750 750 730 705 665 605 590 570 530 510 485 450 385 365 360 325 275 186 146 110 - 720 660 625 600 580 575 570 565 530 505 485 450 385 365 360 325 275 205 130 60 50 35 30 25 750 750 730 705 665 605 590 570 530 510 485 450 325 215 140 95 70 60 - 600 530 495 480 475 475 475 475 470 460 340 245 - 360 360 360 360 360 360 - Temp. C & Monel Grade Grade Grade Grade Hast.2¹⁄₄ Cr. the table at left is a guideline to find the most equivalent ANSI/DIN flange. 1500 lbs. the table refers to the German DIN standard.

Carbon 20SS Steel Hast. Inconel Incoloy Inconel F22 F11 F91 400 & Nickel F1 C625 & 800 B2 200 600 405 ¹⁄₂ Mo 1¹⁄₄ Cr. Carbon 20SS Steel Hast.Pipe Data: Flange Ratings (cont.9 CrIncoloy ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 2220 2025 1970 1900 1795 1640 1610 1600 1510 1235 805 515 310 155 1080 - 2085 2035 1955 1920 1865 1815 1765 1705 1595 1525 1460 1350 845 495 - 2250 2160 2140 2020 1965 1815 1765 1705 1595 1525 - 2250 2250 2165 2080 1995 1815 1765 1705 1595 1525 1460 1350 955 650 430 290 185 115 - 2250 2250 2185 2115 1995 1815 1765 1705 1595 1525 1460 1350 1130 780 525 330 205 125 - 2250 2250 2185 2115 1995 1815 1765 1705 1595 1525 1460 1350 1160 1090 1080 905 670 430 - 2250 2250 2185 2115 1995 1815 1765 1705 1595 1520 - 2250 2250 2185 2115 1995 1815 1765 1705 1595 1520 1460 1350 1160 1090 1080 965 825 555 440 325 - 2160 1990 1870 1800 1735 1720 1705 1690 1595 1520 1460 1350 1160 1090 1080 965 825 610 390 185 150 100 95 75 2250 2250 2185 2115 1995 1815 1765 1705 1595 1520 1460 1350 980 965 415 280 205 185 - 1800 1585 1485 1435 1435 1435 1435 1435 1405 1375 1020 740 - 1080 1080 1080 1080 1080 1080 - Temp. °F. °F -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 36 304 SS 304L/ 316L SS 310 SS 316 SS 321 SS 347/ 348 SS 2160 1800 1620 1490 1395 1310 1290 1275 1245 1210 1190 1165 1145 965 925 770 595 465 340 255 185 145 105 80 1800 1520 1360 1240 1145 1080 1050 1030 1010 985 985 - 2015 1820 1705 1605 1520 1440 1405 1370 1345 1310 1280 1255 1160 1030 780 565 410 310 225 175 135 100 75 2160 1860 1680 1540 1435 1355 1330 1305 1280 1265 1255 1245 1160 1050 1010 915 710 555 440 350 290 225 175 125 2160 1935 1785 1655 1545 1460 1435 1395 1375 1355 1340 1325 1160 1070 1030 815 710 555 420 330 255 195 155 115 2160 1980 1845 1720 1620 1540 1510 1485 1475 1460 1455 1350 1160 1090 940 985 825 515 370 280 205 165 125 105 A105 Carp. -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 Class 900 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Temp.2¹⁄₄ Cr. -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 .) Class 600 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Temp. Inconel Incoloy Inconel F22 F11 F91 400 & Nickel F1 C625 & 800 B2 200 600 2¹⁄₄ Cr1¹⁄₄ Cr9 Cr405 ¹⁄₂ Mo Incoloy ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 1480 1350 1315 1270 1200 1095 1075 1065 1010 825 535 345 205 105 - 1390 1360 1305 1280 1245 1210 1175 1135 1065 1015 975 900 560 330 - 1500 1440 1425 1345 1310 1210 1175 1135 1065 1015 - 1500 1500 1445 1385 1330 1210 1175 1135 1065 1015 975 900 640 430 290 190 125 75 - 1500 1500 1455 1410 1330 1210 1175 1135 1065 1015 975 900 755 520 350 220 135 80 - 1500 1500 1455 1410 1330 1210 1175 1135 1065 1015 975 900 775 725 720 605 445 290 - 1500 1500 1455 1410 1330 1210 1175 1135 1065 1015 - 1500 1500 1455 1410 1330 1210 1175 1135 1065 1015 975 900 775 725 720 645 550 370 295 215 - 1440 1325 1250 1200 1155 1145 1140 1130 1065 1015 975 900 775 725 720 645 550 405 260 125 100 70 60 50 1500 1200 1500 1055 1455 990 1410 955 1330 950 1210 950 1175 950 1135 950 1065 935 1015 915 975 680 900 495 655 430 280 185 135 125 - 720 720 720 720 720 720 - Temp. C & Monel Grade Grade Grade Grade Hast. °F. °F 304 SS 304L/ 316L SS -20 to 100 1440 1200 200 1200 1015 300 1080 910 400 995 825 500 930 765 600 875 720 650 860 700 700 850 685 750 830 670 800 805 660 850 790 645 900 780 950 765 1000 640 1050 615 1100 515 1150 400 1200 310 1250 225 1300 170 1350 125 1400 90 1450 70 1500 55 - 310 SS 316 SS 1345 1440 1215 1240 1140 1120 1070 1025 1015 955 960 900 935 890 910 870 900 855 875 845 855 835 835 830 775 775 685 700 670 685 520 610 375 475 275 370 205 295 150 235 115 190 90 150 65 115 50 85 321 SS 347/ 348 SS 1440 1290 1190 1105 1030 975 955 930 915 900 895 885 775 715 625 545 475 320 280 220 170 130 105 75 1440 1320 1230 1145 1080 1025 1010 990 985 975 970 900 775 725 720 645 550 345 245 185 135 110 80 70 A105 Carp. C & Monel Grade Grade Grade Grade Hast.

-20 to 200 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 Class 2500 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Temp. °F -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 304 SS 304L/ 316L SS 310 SS 6000 5000 4500 4140 3880 3640 3580 3540 3460 3360 3300 3240 3180 2675 2570 2145 1655 1285 945 715 515 400 285 230 5000 4220 3780 3440 3180 3000 2920 2860 2800 2740 2680 - 5600 5060 4740 4460 4220 4000 3900 3800 3740 3640 3560 3480 3220 2865 2800 2170 1570 1145 855 630 485 370 275 215 316 SS 321 SS 347/ 348 SS 6000 5160 4660 4280 3980 3760 3700 3620 3560 3520 3480 3460 3220 2915 2865 2545 1970 1545 1230 970 800 630 485 345 6000 5380 4960 4600 4285 4060 3980 3880 3820 3760 3720 3680 3220 2970 2605 2255 1970 1545 1170 915 715 545 430 315 6000 5500 5120 4780 4500 4280 4200 4120 4100 4060 4040 3745 3220 3030 3000 2685 2285 1430 1030 710 570 455 345 285 A105 Carp. C & Monel Grade Grade Grade Grade Hast. Carbon 20SS Steel Hast. C & Monel Grade Grade Grade Grade Hast.Pipe Data: Flange Ratings (cont.2¹⁄₄ Cr.9 CrIncoloy ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 3705 3375 3280 3170 2700 2735 2685 2665 2520 2060 1340 860 515 260 - 3470 3395 3260 3200 3105 3025 2940 2840 2660 2540 2435 2245 1405 825 - 3750 3600 3565 3365 3275 3025 2940 2840 2660 2540 - 3750 3750 3610 3465 3325 3025 2940 2840 3660 2540 2435 2245 1595 1080 720 480 310 190 - 3750 3750 3640 3530 3325 3025 2940 2840 2660 2540 2435 2245 1885 1305 875 550 345 205 - 3750 3750 3640 3530 3325 3025 2940 2840 2660 2540 2435 2245 1930 1820 1800 1510 1115 720 - 3750 3750 3640 3530 3325 3025 2940 2840 2660 2540 - 3750 3750 3640 3530 3325 3025 2940 2840 2660 2540 2435 2245 1930 1820 1800 1610 1370 925 735 640 - 3600 3310 3120 3000 2890 2870 2845 2840 2650 2535 2435 2245 1930 1820 1800 1610 1370 1020 650 310 245 170 155 125 3750 3750 3640 3530 3325 3025 2940 2840 2660 2540 2435 2245 1635 1080 695 465 340 310 - 3000 2640 2740 2390 2375 2375 2375 2375 2340 2290 1695 1235 - 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 - Temp. -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 37 .9 CrIncoloy ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 6170 5625 5470 5280 4990 4560 4475 4440 4200 3430 2230 1430 860 430 - 5785 5660 5435 5330 5180 5040 4905 4730 4430 4230 4060 3745 2345 1370 - 6250 6000 5940 5610 5460 5040 4905 4730 4430 4230 - 6250 6250 6015 5775 5540 5040 4905 4730 4430 4230 4060 3745 2655 1800 1200 800 515 315 - 6250 6250 6070 5880 5540 5040 4905 4730 4430 4230 4060 3745 3145 2170 1455 915 570 345 - 6250 6250 6070 5880 5540 5040 4905 4730 4430 4230 4060 3745 3220 3030 3000 2515 1855 1200 - 6250 6250 6070 5880 5540 5040 4905 4730 4430 4230 - 6250 6250 6070 5880 5540 5040 4905 4730 4430 4230 4060 3745 3220 3030 3000 2685 2285 1545 1220 900 - 6000 5520 5200 5000 4820 4780 4740 4700 4430 4230 4060 3745 3220 3030 3000 2685 2285 1695 1080 515 410 285 255 205 6250 6250 6070 5880 5540 5040 4905 4730 4430 4230 4060 3745 2725 1800 1155 770 565 515 - 5000 4400 4120 3980 3960 3960 3960 3960 3900 3820 2830 2055 - 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 - Temp. °F.) Class 1500 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Temp. Inconel Incoloy Inconel F22 F11 F91 400 & Nickel F1 C625 & B2 200 800 600 405 ¹⁄₂ Mo 1¹⁄₄ Cr.2¹⁄₄ Cr. Inconel Incoloy Inconel 400 & Nickel F22 F11 F91 F1 C625 & B2 200 800 600 405 ¹⁄₂ Mo 1¹⁄₄ Cr. °F -20 to 100 200 300 400 500 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 304 SS 304L/ 316L SS 310 SS 316 SS 321 SS 347/ 348 SS 3600 3000 2700 2485 2330 2185 2150 2125 2075 2015 1980 1945 1910 1605 1545 1285 995 770 565 430 310 240 170 135 3000 2530 2270 2065 1910 1800 1750 1715 1680 1645 1810 - 3360 3035 2845 2675 2530 2400 2340 2280 2245 2185 2135 2090 1930 1720 1680 1305 934 685 515 375 290 225 165 130 3600 3095 2795 2570 2390 2255 2220 2170 2135 2110 2090 2075 1930 1740 1720 1525 1185 925 735 585 480 380 290 205 3600 3230 2975 2760 2570 2435 2390 2330 2290 2255 2230 2210 1930 1785 1580 1360 1185 925 705 660 430 325 255 190 3600 3300 3070 2870 2570 2570 2520 2470 2460 2435 2425 2245 1930 1820 1800 1610 1370 855 615 465 345 275 205 170 A105 Carp. °F. Carbon 20SS Steel Hast.

23 10.92 23.17 1.68 0.80 4.30 17.98 53.02 8.40 13.89 0.30 11. 7.32 4. 217 PSIG O.18 20.40 57. WALL 0.80 31.20 72.50 0. 3.D.D.48 0.68 0.22 24.10 51.14 12.74 0.44 0.38 – – I.80 0.60 25.38 0.23 2.02 3.32 0.20 16.98 35.41 0.D.76 – – WALL 0.80 6.22 30. 7.20 1.40 64.10 6.06 – – Class H 800 Ft.78 23.92 19.18 10.41 0.42 1.90 9.32 0.92 1.35 1.38 0.73 2.02 72.96 44.13 10.02 48.00 24.90 33.D.00 18.20 20.98 54. WALL I.32 0.26 1.D.00 10.22 12.48 0.54 20.98 42.00 30.78 23.23 10.48 0.90 33.82 0.08 1.96 Cast Iron Pipe–AWWA Standard Pipe Size 3 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 72 84 Pipe Size 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 38 Class A 100 Ft. 0. 3.D.55 0.14 8. 6.00 30.89 1.34 22.61 0.04 12.D.42 11.20 15.58 0.90 0.32 0.30 11. 7.22 9.59 0.60 11.63 0.00 3.35 0.34 16.63 0.06 26.00 60.41 0.15 1.05 11.10 10.41 0.17 16. 130 PSIG I.14 8.48 0.60 WALL 0.22 20.41 0. 3.D.88 – WALL 0.50 15.38 9.26 24.22 12.97 1.06 72.75 0.10 6.16 45.31 1.00 18.54 26.00 20.01 16.16 14.39 1.60 0.51 0. 6.00 24.30 44.00 36.90 2.14 8.10 10.60 13.18 18.10 84.50 21.65 17.96 1.20 18.67 0.32 32.80 6.10 9.03 9.74 39.34 20.07 1. 6.00 8.32 4.00 36.20 15.39 1.98 18.39 1.69 0.51 0.10 1.00 20.28 1.41 0. 3.28 1.00 – – .Pipe Data: Cast Iron Pipe Cast Iron Pipe–ASA Standard Pipe Size Pipe O.00 14.D.57 0.50 15.80 75.54 0.88 0.10 13.00 88.12 16.32 18.36 24.94 47.00 36.04 6.14 8.D.58 51.84 0.99 1.D.02 16.52 0.22 12. 3. WALL 0.06 8.48 0.04 1.18 16.54 20.03 1.98 42.00 14.70 45.00 8.24 14.96 60.98 18.78 15.23 10.72 Class B 200 Ft.46 24.10 6. 43 PSIG O.96 2.42 11.04 1.52 0.45 1.96 6.48 0.10 13.95 2.02 29.24 14.23 10.04 20.12 12.02 27.45 0.38 0.12 4.84 14.92 3.00 20.00 47.24 18. 260 PSIG O.68 0.62 1.44 0.42 0.80 0.99 1.10 Class F 600 Ft.10 I.60 13.00 2.16 16.10 9.68 0.38 0.D.36 1.82 0.67 0.20 50.D.10 6.14 14.44 0.10 84.57 0.26 24.55 1.20 18.32 0.10 10.80 32. 3.57 0.40 38.D.14 8.75 0.24 24.64 0.04 WALL 0.62 0. 304 PSIG I.10 6.D.80 19.D.48 0.55 0.88 – – I.54 0.94 60.D.50 21. 173 PSIG I.41 0.51 0.06 4.75 – – O.02 27.56 0.30 17. 3 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 3.16 24.00 39.10 6.D.70 0.51 0.08 14.32 4.20 76.03 1.96 5.48 0.66 0.96 5.02 18.20 18.02 O.00 12.44 0.40 75.D.32 4.44 0.96 5.82 – – WALL 0.32 18.40 19.58 1.54 1.16 20. 86 PSIG I.96 4.18 1. 6.D.62 0.63 3.96 11.12 14.22 0. 7.40 19.35 0.80 0.32 18.32 18.98 16.58 0.52 0.27 1. 3.00 7.78 15.84 14.35 0.40 19.42 20.20 15.80 0.60 0.90 9.00 24.34 87.16 12.35 0.94 36.79 Class 250 250 PSIG I.22 12.98 1.22 12.10 63.28 16.22 20.45 0.54 0.00 41.87 0.16 1.38 0.56 0.10 – Class G 700 Ft.86 0.96 13.32 0.40 13.32 18.51 1.06 53.96 54.64 0.51 0.38 9.00 16.10 Class E 500 Ft.00 24.72 0.00 7.44 0.24 24.00 20.32 4.50 50.16 14.28 30.71 1.D.34 Class 200 200 PSIG WALL 0.34 20.96 6.22 Class 300 300 PSIG Class 350 350 PSIG I.10 6.14 14.22 Class C 300 Ft.32 4.98 58.79 0.27 1.00 8.00 O. 3.18 16.06 12.74 37.00 16.00 12.30 17.12 16.60 25.76 – – WALL 0.58 0.62 0.35 0.14 18.54 Class 100 100 PSIG WALL 0.78 1.54 0.05 11.04 17.26 – – O.D.32 32.14 8.66 0.08 8.54 WALL 0.10 12.71 0.D.80 57.00 7.38 0.00 60.23 10.10 9.22 9.00 18.85 3.32 0.79 3.24 14.02 47.00 42.46 40.59 0.35 0.50 21.06 26.14 8.07 1.24 20.54 26.04 18.54 0.04 24. 3.76 0.23 10.73 0.38 0.62 0.D.08 16.14 14.28 29.46 0.35 0.80 19.68 0.39 0.32 4.73 3.60 11.05 11.92 1.10 39.36 24.15 1.65 0.34 22.67 1.80 I.00 O.58 0.75 0.80 Class 50 50 PSIG WALL I.50 56.78 0.42 0.55 1.54 WALL 0.14 8.14 20.23 10. I.68 Class 150 150 PSIG I.66 62.12 12.08 8.80 64.60 25.00 10.44 0.65 17.16 20.16 1.10 13.10 6.74 0.92 22.08 16. WALL 3.00 38.00 14. 347 PSIG I.28 16.24 14.89 0.37 1.48 0.39 – Class D 400 Ft.92 22.

097 .109 .58 3¹⁄₂ 4.129 .02749 .158 .24 . 40S 80XS.00 14. ft2 Metal.106 .375 .004 0. in.508 .753 .276 .440 .Pipe Data: Steel Pipe Cross-sectional Area Inside Wall Thickness.552 2.160 0.682 1.120 .687 .200 .423 .250 .0 .01232 . ¹⁄₈ 0.945 0.344 .840 5S 10S 40ST.39 10.315 5S 10S 40ST.00426 .09898 .8 32.9 24.400 1.106 .79 7.916 .97 2865 2545 2285 1995 1645 985 1.0 0.344 .255 .028 .50 4 4.435 .111 .091 .08840 .344 .0 951.126 .41 5.141 .107 .01134 .588 .177 .19 .00204 . 80S .216 .281 .6 35.776 1.5 56.531 .41 2 2.083 .177 .5 5S 10S 40ST.434 .0 365.083 .53 5.48 3.02538 .213 5.066 1.836 1.04003 .0 263.100 14.25 14.530 1.4 39.896 0.154 .218 .57 .884 .03787 .753 .61 30.572 .133 .294 .635 2.275 .58 10.656 .120 .00072 .97 9.02050 .826 3.438 .323 2.275 .5 77.61 2.990 17.770 1.03 4.0 . 40S 80XS.622 .00163 .323 .220 .079 .65 5.07711 .088 .220 .54 ³⁄₈ 0.141 .016 4.382 1.33 7.800 1.800 17.600 3.393 12.049 0.824 .400 13.11 12.112 0.622 .639 .68 8985 8500 7460 6600 5535 3840 2.0 472.51 27.140 . or surface.178 1.154 .753 .920 .66 1¹⁄₄ 1.500 10.065 .436 2.178 1.834 3.167 .03755 .438 .01709 .94 6.055 .275 .00300 .709 2.197 .690 2.241 .08017 .92 5.216 .01277 .64 3.068 .48 4.497 .67 .200 19.13 1.435 .614 0.05130 .344 .00734 .106 .674 .00035 .500 1.231 .79 14.120 .28 2.288 7.94 2.065 . 40S 80ST.109 .624 2.730 0.326 0.753 .449 2.674 4.215 .710 .5 112.46 9. 80S .401 .86 1.100 0.0 5S 10S 40ST..917 0.565 .201 .237 .275 .622 .759 .220 .881 35.69 0.435 .065 . 40S 80XS.760 3.307 .178 1. 40S 80XS.436 .916 .58 6.076 .45 9.02463 .929 0.0804 .275 8430 6475 3.900 5S 10S 40ST. 80S 160 XX .99 3.3 23.179 .881 1.690 .083 .622 .92 13.503 0.02942 .38 2.065 .5 .596 .152 1.2 28.647 . in2 Circumference.429 1.11 1.660 5S 10S 40ST.250 .622 .250 .02885 .709 .054 1.191 .605 13.235 5.344 .44 1 1.152 1.065 .00362 .97 17.097 1.01543 .17 4.278 1.00 20.02 7.177 . 40S 80XS.269 .155 617.188 .76 5.07 7.0 220.02330 .300 0.361 .5 458.21 1¹⁄₂ 1.753 .308 .083 .176 .939 1.622 .234 1.900 0.17 2. lb/ft Nominal Pipe Size.900 16.86 12. 40S 80XS.049 .178 1.410 .10 .224 206.31 ¹⁄₄ 0.115 1.0563 .435 .815 0.143 .00051 .61 10. 40S 80XS.450 12.405 10S 40ST.31 1.47 1.160 .026 3.217 .20 11. Flow.413 .380 1.69 3 3.945 4.095 .375 0. gal/ lb/h water min Weight of plain-end pipe.608 .141 .150 3.01040 .122 .302 .275 .466 .435 .55 16.065 .245 2.00211 .310 .333 .00040 .5 230.219 .464 .74 ¹⁄₂ 0.178 1.157 3.06063 .107 1.252 .05796 .675 10S 40ST.98 34.531 0.63 4. in.875 5S 10S 40ST.05419 1.364 .651 3.10245 .320 .275 .00461 .120 .00050 .114 2.433 .916 .464 17.72 3.06870 .09 2.095 .03 2¹⁄₂ 2. 40S 80XS.728 1.163 . 40S 80XS.704 2.047 1.57 3.412 .80 27.318 3.54 .00768 .545 .62 8.00103 .421 .86 6.109 .195 2.29 1.135 1.002 0.01552 .463 2.00092 . 40S 80XS.49 4.109 .00371 .334 4.109 .85 1.546 .916 .00117 .157 2.06647 .393 .300 . ft2/ft of length Capacity at 1-ft/s velocity U.00 3.02 23. in.42 .00098 .665 1.334 3.610 1.803 .186 .678 .0705 .718 .04587 .5 439.065 .95 13.068 2.287 .01711 . ft.27 3.143 . 80S 160 XX .338 1.072 .477 2.00660 .853 .000 22. 80S 160 XX .87 1.050 5S 10S 40ST.083 .73 5.599 .09 4.81 2. 80S 160 XX .067 1.304 .900 2.602 27. 40S 80XS.179 .625 0. 40S 80XS.34 11.878 1725 1473 1345 1120 812.344 . Outside Diameter.916 .260 3.885 .075 1.540 10S 40ST.33 . 80S .00133 .021 1.252 .125 1.047 1.68 2.20 6.96 3835 3465 3170 2745 2190 1480 1.378 .497 .440 363.350 .00025 . 80S 160 XX .493 .358 1.213 .916 .5 161.54 Schedule No.84 3.32 18.469 2.119 .435 .145 .305 15.97 5.742 .5 0.527 0.0 44.00499 .00 22.534 . in.065 .497 .771 0.220 .083 .039 1. 80S .984 0.612 .00248 .5 672.687 1.072 1.753 .5 . Outside Inside 39 .00656 .0 556.461 1036.01 13.203 .5 832.00891 .275 .556 .178 1.01414 .67 6.825 46.957 0.375 5S 10S 40ST. 80S 160 XX .220 . Diameter.260 4.00196 .541 .345 0.34 5. 80S 160 XX .873 .385 .891 1.010 11.194 .231 .497 .01225 .548 3.047 1.226 . 80S 160 XX .66 10.06170 1.00162 .07986 . 80S 120 160 XX .850 3.178 1.463 .624 3.5 298.093 .00275 .00976 .03322 .047 1.680 3.125 .228 3.220 .113 115.42 .40 1.240 1.21 26.335 .727 .157 .185 1.274 2.494 .497 .668 0.622 .250 .71 ³⁄₄ 1.254 2.337 .504 .70 17.946 2.344 .497 .09 1.00600 .00438 .949 0.53 6170 5695 5225 4600 3485 2765 1.069 1.98 19.5 89.442 1.07170 .364 1.125 .113 .903 1.438 3.147 .500 5S 10S 40ST.472 0.S.

578 7.60 9.0 338.85 601 598 587 578 568 550 528 300.4 120.23 2.11 9.950 32.624 15.98 24.063 1.8017 0.814 2.338 3.000 12.407 8.4 155.282 100.500 111.90 31.300 31.189 4. 40S 80SX.000 116.150 100.064 69.47 3.3329 .5 159.05 18.338 3. Outside Diameter.9 58.500 22.62 1. lb/ft Outside Inside .66 21.062 10.386 1.258 2.49 44.70 13. 40S 80XS.7213 0.350 187.812 .34 6 6.250 13.456 1.665 3.625 5S 10S 40ST.655 2.36 24.75 2.34 12.5922 .217 2.750 10.38 43.750 0.947 1.814 2.814 2.22 38.562 0.438 12.500 .500 10.045 1.375 0.9 90.665 3.13 130.40 3.58 3.000 125.165 0.3104 1.07 27.3314 1.129 1.338 3.322 . 80S 60 80 100 120.321 1.374 11.665 3.338 3.665 3.0 246.3553 .14 3.189 4.291 2.7 299.456 1.57 36.500 11.8373 .7773 .938 11.000 211. XX 140 160 0.40 22.225 269.09 3.5475 .000 223.813 4.420 10.719 .70 28.165 .50 3.200 6.73 5.3 135.39 45.03 3.180 0.000 219.250 12.9940 0.15 88.094 1.0 188.0 177.258 2.40 10.86 19.399 10. Diameter.000 40.500 94. in.34 15.562 .187 4.4 34.0 169.0 358.0 233.124 13.915 3.113 2.77 14.563 5S 10S 40ST.665 3.875 .665 3.134 .020 9.6827 3.456 1.500 4.1810 .09 47.047 4.93 21.0 81.350 7.090 12.250 0.450 45.6 283.10 18.0 265.500 12.07 55.17 3.376 13.307 .280 .04 34.77 49.77 107.814 2. ST 40 XS 60 80 100 120 140 160 0.500 135.4 212.109 .5 40.500 289.7 113.258 2.250 0.78 8.800 141.9397 0.65 378.109 .61 54.2532 2.9 68.63 1.35 31.36 7.189 4.258 2.625 .665 3.250 15.500 126.0 270.8957 0.7056 .2673 .188 6.503 2.8 367.2204 .000 201.500 227.14 .850 56.13 115.664 1.9218 0.6 62.7 51.260 1. 40S 40 XS.750 8.338 3.3601 .500 0.9575 0.150 67.35 3.312 12.27 14 14 5S 10S 10 20 30.0 331.250 0.313 4.07 11.64 .79 170.189 4.258 2.57 3.63 34.250 .62 20.43 77.0 251.93 3.338 3.2680 1.7530 .250 1.63 107.195 1.156 0.1136 .93 459 454 446 438 430 422 414 402 382 360 342 324 306 229.189 4.90 2.47 5.5603 .700 63.390 12.950 29.814 2.000 88.76 72.66 26.000 123.17 3.000 191.3017 .500 132.365 .338 3.000 1.29 104.258 2.71 45.250 174.000 264.29 18.49 8.01 2.438 0.2239 .32 125.44 72.58 8.21 189.93 13.03 89.24 21.312 9.99 17.48 12.550 2.3171 .0 134.438 2.338 3.1263 .24 3.594 0.21 25.1390 . in.16 10.875 6.500 .6674 .30 21.5 98.71 67.594 .09 4.48 54.358 1.2272 1.734 1.626 11.744 2.750 9.65 28.1015 .11 16 16 5S 10S 10 20 30.4 126.189 4.1650 .000 165.295 5.0219 1.58 15. 40S 80S.34 53.75 5S 10S 20 30 40ST.456 1.41 24.57 63.812 12.065 5.357 6.44 3.6013 .500 20.456 1.96 38.0900 1.0 352.52 26.109 . 80S 120 160 XX .665 3.7 375.25 10.563 4.156 0.000 284.7972 .16 8.73 36.728 2.620 2.844 1.67 160.500 179. 40S 60 80XS.3855 .372 2.134 .125 1.500 84.000 207. gal/ lb/h water min Weight of plain-end pipe.000 14.125 8.3393 1.6303 .88 14.39 50.906 40 Schedule No.3784 .941 6.75 5S 10S 20 30 ST.833 1.000 23.24 40.000 162..550 36.688 8.04 32. ft2/ft of length Capacity at 1-ft/s velocity U.1467 .0125 0.17 33.81 2.500 13.375 .69 10 10.330 0.688 13.53 3.188 0.56 53.95 9.250 10.49 139.8522 0.258 .5731 .000 275.814 2.21 3.3 57.719 .258 2.8 161.50 .950 34.29 4.456 1.99 3.05 52. ft2 Metal.440 1.07 31.09 85.8185 .42 16.13 3.900 80. Flow.375 0.187 7.7610 0.897 8 8.2817 .64 43. XX 160 .95 22.500 158.27 62. in.126 6.500 15.814 2.0 45.665 3.9 65.76 14.4479 .1 73.19 18. XS 60 0.5 349.06 4.3941 2.814 2.814 2.70 11.97 28.5185 .8438 .665 3.001 6.677 1.91 16.36 50.500 0.814 2.814 2.38 18.656 15. 80S 120 160 XX .500 .399 1.784 173.500 0.482 10.719 .501 5.80 13.000 171.5592 3.456 1.700 106.258 2.265 8.0 115.685 2.S.000 176.812 11.338 3.406 0.258 2.345 5.734 1.148 . ST 40.665 3.329 8.900 183.7854 .850 25.55 35.750 9.665 3.338 3.2006 .000 27.57 36.188 0. in2 Nominal Pipe Size.17 7.508 1.64 12 12.136 10.437 7.432 .08 3.750 5.588 1.189 4.882 1.85 150.10 4.02 .) Cross-sectional Area Inside Wall Thickness.250 49.4 142.2578 .82 12.000 11.74 64.734 1.500 299.071 7.9750 0.500 169.350 149.500 15.55 2. ft.Pipe Data: Steel Pipe (cont.277 .938 1.800 1.312 0.58 82. 80S 100 120 140 XX 160 .0 252.4176 .625 5S 10S 20 30 40ST.562 9.134 .0 223.4729 .734 1.91 41.26 3.75 42.258 2.11 7.30 6.3474 .1558 .7 50.338 3.258 2.02 31.734 1.258 2.000 1.338 3.95 60.406 13.844 1.625 7.78 27. 5 5.981 7. 60XS 80 100 120 140.864 6.062 8.750 11.338 3.5993 .42 73.850 74.700 77.3 201.761 5.2985 1.7 149.1308 1.97 .700 71. in.250 .87 2.624 13. or surface.000 293.98 2.750 20.312 0.150 28.37 15.996 1.407 6.000 215.201 2.27 30.0 316. Circumference.813 7.52 65.1766 4.8 257.21 9.734 1.000 180.000 57.089 2.000 153.670 15.5 86.05 106.376 15.594 .04 2.42 74.27 3.665 3.125 10.1529 .688 0.750 79.180 2.124 11.74 19.734 1.4987 .406 .375 0.0 189.200 60.813 2.900 128.7372 .

812 40.854 7.712 4.34 57.4849 1.500 316. ST XS 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0.17 170.75 1.S.43 223.76 24.624 17.062 21.712 4.124 12.000 16.283 6.500 467.09 6.35 296.236 5.375 0.12 5.000 451.04 4.000 393.854 7.500 1.562 0.625 29.624 19.250 23.48 56.39 483.666 4..67 138.375 0.20 5.391 2.000 369.000 536.32 4.438 9.312 0.5763 1.3 111. the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.44 75.5 3.688 15.376 19.000 441.062 11.000 18.948 2.376 17.000 16.72 7.68 171.250 0.010.11 87.37 63.000 1.283 6.000 28.531 1. XS = extra strong wall.500 237.655 2.29 18.44 3.64 245.012 2.000 22.39 429.031 1.37 29.48 4.35 501 474 450 422 402 250.594 0.41 94.712 4.156 1.712 4.75 3.712 4.000 569.53 196. XS 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0.45 4.58 4.8417 1.14 5.) Nominal Pipe Size.57 4.031 1.90 41.236 5.18 100.500 626.500 1.375 0.500 0.14 1.63 4.000 379.283 6.854 7.283 6.4180 1.8953 4.283 6.70 4.9302 1.500 0.2070 1. lb/ft 80 100 120 140 160 0.000 301.281 1.712 4.712 4.68 4.189 3.000 225.65 157.500 433.0740 2.854 2.61 65.000 136.24 108.750 1.250 0.92 207.812 2.781 17.500 508.21 943 937 930 902 883 866 826 787 744 707 665 632 471.438 17.82 192.79 40.000 353.69 7. 10S ST 20.792 2.09 397.500 332.376 29.885 2.189 4.283 6.854 7.283 6.375 1.48 5.250 19.1370 4.12 542. Cross-sectional Area Inside Wall Thickness.750 0.236 5.6585 1.876 14.29 238.969 1.500 16.938 13.17 71.219 1.670 17.000 79.64 50.28 61.96 244.39 58. XX = double extra strong wall. New York.83 36.25 18 18 5S 10S 10 20 ST 30 XS 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0.79 72.0596 1.259 29.53 2130 2110 2094 2055 2020 1.712 4.17 24 24 5S 10. ANSI B36. Outside Diameter.500 29.536 2.11 166.000 284.90 46.000 31.065.52 4.14 274.283 6.1004 2.94 70.000 482.189 4.500 465.562 20.000 1.39 70.5763 1.59 82.0878 2.45 4. ST 30.2684 1.4071 5.236 5.76 47.15 6. 10S.6703 1.236 5.746 4.250 14. Mill tolerances as high as ± 12¹⁄₂ percent are permitted.7550 1.42 4.562 0.6941 1.64 5.49 140.81 4.712 4.13 30 30 5S 10.33 87.21 48.78 46.95 61.219 1.66 90.22 4.034 6.92 5.89 3.60 104.236 5.43 98.189 4.400 375.250 0.562 1.876 19. Flow.283 6.1 159.876 16.688 0.712 4.10 296.218 0. ft2 Metal.048.712 4. ft.189 4.500 372.000 359.000 318.236 5.812 1.19–1976.65 3.376 17.594 14.312 16.938 17.500 348.1171 1.11 5.236 5.712 4. Schedule No.3423 1.33 5.55 15.236 5.13 123.236 5.500 270.78 5.99 5.87 256.11 3.62 125.624 22.02 5.63 36.124 17.4849 1.264 2.50 20 20 5S 10S 10 20.1 126.32 4.66 7.22 308.93 118.82 80.08 5S.92 4.165 0.55 3.564 19.188 0. ft2/ft of length Outside Inside Capacity at 1-ft/s velocity U.99 3. Decimal thicknesses for respective pipe sizes represent their nominal or average wall dimensions.500 333.508 7.000 353.0285 3.438 1.500 16.19 48.283 6.3 142.500 55.375 0. Diameter.500 675.344 23.312 0.15 93.000 39.062 2.06 52.500 640.52 13.10–1975.34 20.10 34.236 5.59 7.587 4.500 0.73 78.6230 1.854 7.78 764 760 750 739 728 718 707 697 666 636 602 569 540 510 382.155 2. in.65 27.49 30. ST = standard wall.5533 1.94 17.969 19. in.7029 1.438 0.236 5.45 104.000 1.0211 1.61 164.938 20.0032 0.500 17. ANSI B36.9394 0. XS 30 0.500 0.06 1359 1350 1325 1295 1281 1253 1192 1138 1073 1016 965 913 679.5993 1.500 364. in. and Schedules 10 through 160 are extracted from Wrought-Steel and Wrought-Iron Pipe.500 642.17 6.39 50.500 23.70 13.938 1.812 18.844 1.500 456.564 23.43 35.712 4. 10S 20.25 10.12 30.500 19.000 201.58 367.055. and 40S are extracted from Stainless Steel Pipe.027.876 22. or surface.16 27.40 208.Pipe Data: Steel Pipe (cont.283 6.562 13. gal/ lb/h water min Weight of plain-end pipe.124 15.250 0.250 17.000 255.750 23.500 596.97 4. in2 Circumference.5 2.188 0.000 662.312 13.6468 1. in.000 211.000 413.37 341.218 0.9689 1.283 6.712 4.707 4.51 4. 41 .51 23.55 4.

Bulletin: 41-600.3 • Effective: February 2003 . 12 • 20159 Milano SINGAPORE: 23 Woodlands Industrial Park E1 #04-01 • Singapore 757741 UNITED KINGDOM: Regent Business Centre • Jubilee Road • Burgess Hill.11.93 BRAZIL: Av. All rights reserved.Worldwide Level and Flow SolutionsSM CORPORATE HEADQUARTERS 5300 Belmont Road • Downers Grove. Illinois 60515-4499 USA Phone: 630-969-4000 • Fax: 630-969-9489 www. Box-10984 • Dubai. Units 1 & 2 • Concord. Ontario L4K 1X7 CHINA: Room #8008 • Overseas Chinese Mansion • 129 Yan An Road (W) • Shanghai 200040 DEUTSCHLAND: Schloßstraße 76 • D-51429 Bergisch-Gladbach 1 (Bensberg) DUBAI: Suite 1F1 Hamarain Centre • Abu Baker Al Siddique Road • P.09. Luis Stamatis • 620-Jacana • Sao Paulo CEP 02260-001 CANADA: 145 Jardin Drive.com • info@magnetrol.11 • Fax: 052 45.magnetrol. West Sussex RH15 9TL Copyright © 2003 Magnetrol International. Printed in the USA.com EUROPEAN HEADQUARTERS Heikensstraat 6 • 9240 Zele. Belgium Phone: 052 45. United Arab Emirates FRANCE: Le Vinci 6 – Parc d’Activities • de mitry Compans • 1 rue Becquerel • 77290 Mitry Mory INDIA: B4/115 Safdurjung Enclave • New Delhi 110 029 ITALIA: Via Arese. O.