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NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE

CERTIFICATION OF CRANE OPERATORS (NCCCO)

NCCCO Guide to OSHA’s
Personnel Certification and
Qualification Requirements
• AS SPECIFIED IN 29 CFR 1926, SUBPART CC,
CRANES AND DERRICKS IN CONSTRUCTION

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NCCCO GUIDE TO OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC Rev0913

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Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. All rights reserved. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Rev0913

About This Guide
The National Commission for the Certification of
Crane Operators (NCCCO) has prepared this document to help employers, operators, riggers, and signal
persons better understand the personnel qualification
requirements under the federal OSHA’s new rules for
Cranes and Derricks in Construction (29 CFR 1926,
Subpart CC).
In Section One the specific parts of Subpart CC applicable to personnel qualification requirements have
been extracted into separate chapters, along with
NCCCO’s analysis where appropriate. This information
has been supplemented with answers to numerous
frequently asked questions submitted to NCCCO,
clarification documents from OSHA explaining when
qualified riggers and signal persons are required, and a
memorandum and letter of interpretation from OSHA
that clarify the difference between “construction” (to
which this rule applies) and “maintenance” (to which
the rule does not apply).
Section Two contains the full verbatim text of the rule,
which has been reformatted for greater clarity and
easier reference.
This information is provided as a public service by
NCCCO. Although every effort has been made to
ensure accuracy, no responsibility can be assumed by
NCCCO for errors. OSHA remains the sole authority for
interpretations of federal labor standards and should be
consulted accordingly.
Copyright 2011–2013 by the National Commission for
the Certification of Crane Operators. All rights reserved.

Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. All rights reserved. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Rev0913

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All rights reserved. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.iv Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. Rev0913 .

000 construction. was based on 40-year-old standards. such as the National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO).” The previous rule. methods. developed and supported by industry. and the public comment period on those proceedings closed in June 2009.000 written and practical exams have been administered to over 100. The new rule. The widely anticipated regulation. the secretary of labor appointed 23 experienced Cranes and Derricks Advisory Committee members representing manufacturers and trade associations. and crane certification establishments employing about 4. All rights reserved. this long overdue rule will address the leading causes of fatalities related to cranes and derricks.Preface Extensive new requirements for the qualifications of crane operators and signal persons were published by federal OSHA in the Federal Register on August 9. or qualified by an audited employer program.” said Secretary of Labor Hilda L. the first of its kind between federal OSHA and an independent industry group. 9. About the New Rule In 2003. Stakeholders from the construction industry recognized the need to update the safety requirements. recognizes CCO certification as meeting OSHA’s and ASME’s qualification requirements. was developed over a 12-month period and submitted to OSHA in 2004. qualified riggers are required whenever workers are within the fall zone and hooking. secure. Under the new rule. collapse and overturn. “The significant number of fatalities associated with the use of cranes in construction led the Labor Department to undertake this rulemaking. more than 500. or guiding a load. crushed-by/struck-by hazards during assembly/disassembly. and provide protection for the public and property owners. unhooking. The passage of the document has taken numerous twists and turns as it made its way through federal government oversight in the years since then. 2010. 22. About NCCCO NCCCO is a nonprofit industry organization formed in 1995 to develop effective performance standards for safe crane operation to assist all segments of construction and general industry. nationwide basis. to witness the signing of an historic agreement between OSHA and NCCCO. DC. 2008. and disassembly. In 1999 a group of industry leaders gathered in Washington. and overturning.” said Assistant Secretary of Labor for OSHA Dr. and administered on a standardized. “After years of extensive research. and practices for cranes and derricks and to incorporate technological advances to provide improved protection for those who work on and around cranes and derricks. Employers are given an additional four years to comply with the crane operator certification provisions. which dated back to 1971. set-up. OSHA staff incorporated input from the public comments and testimony to develop the final regulatory text. in the most wideranging revision of the rules governing the use of cranes in a generation. crane rental. Rev0913 v . or an employer’s qualified evaluator. a joint labor/ management initiative. addresses the use of synthetic slings for assembly/disassembly work.000 crane operators in all 50 states. OSHA estimates that approximately 267. Signal persons must be qualified either by a thirdparty qualified evaluator. independent of training. was effective November 8. boom collapse. validated through peer review. “Compliance with the rule will prevent needless worker injuries and death. “The rule addresses critically important provisions for crane operator certification and crane inspection. The Agreement. and negotiation with industry experts. 2010. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. crane operators must be either certified by an accredited crane operator testing organization. psychometrically sound. It also sets requirements for ground conditions and crane operator assessment. including electrocution. NCCCO certifications have been nationally accredited by the National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA) since 1998 and by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) since 2007. such as NCCCO. or doing the initial connection of a load to a component or structure. Employers must use qualified riggers during hoisting activities for assembly and disassembly work. consultation. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. NCCCO programs are unique in that they are: third-party. including the requirements for signal person and rigger qualifications. David Michaels. The proposed rule was published Oct.” The new rule is designed to prevent the leading causes of fatalities.8 million workers will be affected by the rule. The NCCCO crane operator certification program is also the only program to be recognized by federal OSHA as meeting both OSHA and ASME (ANSI) requirements for crane operator competency and to be nationally accredited by ANSI and NCCA. the rule addresses tower crane hazards. including electrocution. Solis. 2009. Public hearings were held in March 2009. Additionally. In addition. often referred to by the name of the negotiated rulemaking committee that developed it—Cranes and Derricks Advisory Committee (C-DAC)—but officially known as 29 CFR 1926 Subpart CC. who met 11 times until a consensus on the regulatory text was reached in July 2004. and the public was invited to submit comments until Jan. and clarifies the scope of the regulation by providing both a functional description and a list of examples for the equipment that is covered. Since NCCCO began testing in 1996.

vi Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Rev0913 . All rights reserved.

..........................................................29 § 1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC..................5 OSHA Fact Sheets...................................................................................... 27 Subpart CC—Cranes and Derricks in Construction ................................ “Maintenance”.................9 OSHA Fact Sheet: Signal Person Qualification......................1427 Operator Qualification and Certification.............................1401 Definitions........................................................17 § 1926..............................................................................1408 Power line safety (up to 350 kV)—equipment operations...............................1405 Disassembly—additional requirements for dismantling of booms and jibs (applies to both the use of manufacturer procedures and employer procedures)........................................................................... 28 § 1926.................................................................................................................... 9 OSHA Fact Sheet: Operator Qualification and Certification......................1404 Assembly/Disassembly—general requirements (applies to all assembly and disassembly operations).................................................................................1400 Scope..........................................1406 Assembly/Disassembly—employer procedures—general requirements.................................1402 Ground conditions........................................................1400 Scope..............................................................................1430 Training..................................................................................................Table of Contents SECTION ONE: NCCCO GUIDE & ANALYSIS...............................................12 § 1926....................................................................16 From § 1926...............................................................................................................................................................36 § 1926......................................... 2 OSHA’s Personnel Certification/Qualification Requirements Summary....1407 Power line safety (up to 350 kV)—assembly and disassembly...................................................................................................................................................................................................14 Rigger Qualifications........................33 § 1926...........................................................................35 § 1926................................................................................11 OSHA Fact Sheet: Qualified Rigger.........................................................................................................................................................................28 § 1926.................................................................................1425 Keeping clear of the load............... 16 From § 1926.....................................................................................................1428 Signal Person Qualifications................. All rights reserved........................................................................ Rev0913 vii ......................................................................................................................................32 § 1926....... 24 SECTION TWO: OSHA RULE 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC (FULL TEXT)...1409 Power line safety (over 350 kV)................................................................................1404 Assembly/Disassembly—general requirements.................................................................................. 21 OSHA Memorandum & Letter of Interpretation on “Construction” vs.......................16 From § 1926.................................38 Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.................................................................... 17 Training Requirements............................................................16 § 1926......... 18 NCCCO Analysis: Which Cranes Are Covered?................................................................ 1 § 1926....35 § 1926....35 § 1926.................................33 § 1926...1403 Assembly/Disassembly—selection of manufacturer or employer procedures..............................................................................................1401 Definitions... 13 Standard Hand Signals...19 Articulating Crane Operator Certification Requirement Flowchart..............20 Frequently Asked Questions ..........................................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................52 § 1926.......................................................................................1434 Equipment modifications..........................44 § 1926......................................................................1419 Signals—general requirements.........................................................................................1440 Sideboom cranes...42 § 1926.......................................................74 § 1926................................1422 Signals—hand signal chart.........61 § 1926...........................................1438 Overhead & gantry cranes...................1415 Safety devices.......................1427 Operator qualification and certification....1417 Operation......................................................................................................................................................1428 Signal person qualifications................................................46 § 1926....................70 § 1926.............62 § 1926........................................................74 § 1926..............................................................................................77 Appendix C to Subpart CC of Part 1926—Operator Certification: Written Examination: Technical Knowledge Criteria.............................................47 § 1926.... NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC..................................................................§ 1926........................................................................1442 Severability......................................64 § 1926............1421 Signals—voice signals—additional requirements...................................................................................1414 Wire rope—selection and installation criteria.67 § 1926..........................................................................................55 § 1926..........................1412 Inspections...................................................1418 Authority to stop operation......................................74 § 1926.....................................................................................51 § 1926........................................39 § 1926.............................................................................75 Appendix A to Subpart CC of Part 1926—Standard Hand Signals..................................................................................76 Appendix B to Subpart CC of Part 1926—Assembly/Disassembly: Sample Procedures for Minimizing the Risk of Unintended Dangerous Boom Movement...........................38 § 1926....................... All rights reserved.......1437 Floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges.45 § 1926......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................49 § 1926........1431 Hoisting personnel................................................................................................................................................78 viii Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.1435 Tower cranes..........................1420 Signals—radio...............................................................57 § 1926............................................1424 Work area control.................................................50 § 1926..................................000 pounds or less...............................49 § 1926.................................................................................................................................1439 Dedicated pile drivers.....1432 Multiple-crane/derrick lifts—supplemental requirements....................................................................................52 § 1926........... telephone or other electronic transmission of signals..........................................................................................1441 Equipment with a rated hoisting/lifting capacity of 2.............................1416 Operational aids................................................1426 Free fall and controlled load lowering.................40 § 1926....................................................................................................1430 Training.............. Rev0913 .............................. construction and testing........................56 § 1926.50 § 1926......................1410 Power line safety (all voltages)—equipment operations closer than the Table A zone........73 § 1926...........1425 Keeping clear of the load............1423 Fall protection.....................................................1413 Wire rope—inspection...................................1429 Qualifications of maintenance & repair employees..1436 Derricks...........................................................................................................53 § 1926...............................................................................................................................64 § 1926.................................................................................................56 § 1926.................................49 § 1926....................................................1433 Design........................................................................................................................50 § 1926.........................................................................................................1411 Power line safety—while traveling under or near power lines with no load........................................

1428 Signal Person Qualifications • OSHA Fact Sheet on Signal Person Requirements • NCCCO Standard Hand Signals • Rigger Qualifications • OSHA Fact Sheet on Rigger Requirements • § 1926.1427 Operator Qualification and Certification • OSHA’s Personnel Certification/Qualification Requirements Summary • § 1926.1430 Training and Training Requirements • § 1926. “Maintenance” Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. All rights reserved.Section One: NCCCO Guide & Analysis • § 1926.1400 Scope • NCCCO Analysis of Which Cranes Are Covered • Articulating Crane Operator Certification Requirement • Frequently Asked Questions • OSHA Memorandum and Letter of Interpretation on “Construction” vs. Rev0913 1 .

at a minimum. The operator’s certificate must state the type/capacity of equipment for which the operator is certified. or equipment with a maximum manufacturer-rated hoisting/ lifting capacity of 2. The employer’s qualification of its employee must meet the following requirements: (1) The written and practical tests must be either: (i) Developed by an accredited crane operator testing organization (see paragraph (b) of this section). the equipment operator must either be: (i) Licensed by that government entity for operation of equipment within that entity’s jurisdiction. (B) Provide different levels of certification based on equipment capacity and type. (v) Have its accreditation reviewed by the nationally recognized accrediting agency at least every three years. practical examinations. Rev0913 .1427 Operator Qualification and Certification (a) The employer must ensure that. test administration. 2 (2) An operator will be deemed qualified to operate a particular piece of equipment if the operator is certified under paragraph (b) of this section for that type and capacity of equipment or for higher-capacity equipment of that type. it must: (i) Be accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency based on that agency’s determination that industry recognized criteria for written testing materials. (c) Option (2): Qualification by an audited employer program. (4) A certification issued under this paragraph is valid for 5 years. sideboom cranes (see § 1926. (1) For a testing organization to be considered accredited to certify operators under this subpart. the knowledge and skills listed in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. prior to operating any equipment covered under subpart CC. the person is operating the equipment during a training period in accordance with paragraph (f ) of this section. (iv) Have testing procedures for re-certification designed to ensure that the operator continues to meet the technical knowledge and skills requirements in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. the employer must provide the qualification or certification at no cost to operators who are employed by the employer on November 8. (3) Exceptions: Operator qualification or certification under this section is not required for operators of derricks (see § 1926. and that government licensing program meets the requirements of paragraphs (e)(2) and (j) of this section. an operator will be deemed qualified to operate that equipment if the operator has been certified for the type/capacity that is most similar to that equipment and for which a certification examination is available.§ 1926.1436). (3) A certification issued under this option is portable and meets the requirements of paragraph (a)(2) of this section. (4) Whenever operator qualification or certification is required under § 1926. or (ii) qualified in compliance with paragraph (d) of this section.1440). (B) The auditor is not an employee of the employer. (C) The approval must be based on the auditor’s determination that the written and practical tests meet nationally recognized test development criteria and are valid and reliable in assessing the operator applicants regarding. grading. facilities/equipment and personnel have been met. If no accredited testing agency offers certification examinations for a particular type and/ or capacity of equipment. (b) Option (1): Certification by an accredited crane operator testing organization.000 pounds or less (see § 1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.1427. All rights reserved. the knowledge and skills listed in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. (ii) Administer written and practical tests that: (A) Assess the operator applicant regarding. at a minimum. the certification or qualification must comply with one of the options in paragraphs (b) through (d) of this section.1441). (2) Administration of tests. (D) The audit must be conducted in accordance with nationally recognized auditing standards. (iv) The audit must be conducted in accordance with nationally recognized auditing standards. or (ii) Approved by an auditor in accordance with the following requirements: (A) The auditor is certified to evaluate such tests by an accredited crane operator testing organization (see paragraph (b) of this section). (2) Where paragraph (a)(1) of this section is not applicable. (4) The employer program must have testing procedures for re-qualification designed to ensure that the operator Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (ii) The auditor must be certified to evaluate the administration of the written and practical tests by an accredited crane operator testing organization (see paragraph (b) of this section). (iii) The auditor must not be an employee of the employer. (3) The employer program must be audited within 3 months of the beginning of the program and at least every 3 years thereafter. (iii) Have procedures for operators to re-apply and be re-tested in the event an operator applicant fails a test or is decertified. 2010. or the operator is qualified or certified to operate the equipment in accordance with the following: (1) When a non-military government entity issues operator licenses for equipment covered under subpart CC. (i) The written and practical tests must be administered under circumstances approved by the auditor as meeting nationally recognized test administration standards.

the knowledge and skills listed in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. by written and practical tests. The re-qualification procedures must be audited in accordance with paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section.S. (iv) Records of the audits of the employer’s program are maintained by the auditor for three years and are made available by the auditor to the Secretary of Labor or the Secretary’s designated representative upon request. has determined that the requirements in paragraphs (e)(2)(i) and (ii) of this section have been met. (3) Trainer. facilities/ equipment and personnel. (2) The tasks performed by the operator-in-training while operating the equipment must be within the operatorin-training’s ability. (ii) Valid for the period of time stipulated by the issuing entity. (2) Licensing criteria. In addition. (ii) Valid for 5 years.S. (iii) The government authority that oversees the licensing department/ office. (f ) Pre-qualification/certification training period.continues to meet the technical knowledge and skills requirements in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. military for operation of the equipment. The operator-in-training must be monitored by the operator’s trainer at all times. (1) The employer must provide each operator-in-training with sufficient training prior to operating the equipment to enable the operator-in-training to operate the equipment safely under limitations established by this section (including continuous monitoring) and any additional limitations established by the employer. If the auditor determines that there is a significant deficiency (‘‘deficiency’’) in the program. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (6) A qualification under this paragraph is: (i) Not portable. (iv) For equipment other than tower cranes: The operator’s trainer and the operator-in-training must be in direct line of sight of each other. An employee who is not qualified or certified under this section is permitted to operate equipment only as an operator-in-training and only where the requirements of this paragraph are met. military is a Federal employee of the Department of Defense or Armed Forces and does not include employees of private contractors. the operator’s trainer performs no tasks that detract from the trainer’s ability to monitor the operator-in-training. (ii) The operator’s trainer is either a certified operator under this section. grading. Rev0913 3 . military is considered qualified if he/ she has a current operator qualification issued by the U.S. test administration. (d) Option (3): Qualification by the U. the operatorin-training must be continuously monitored by an individual (‘‘operator’s trainer’’) who meets all of the following requirements: (i) The operator’s trainer is an employee or agent of the operator-in-training’s employer. (ii) The program is audited again within 180 days of the confirmation that the deficiency was corrected. An employee of the U. except for short breaks where all of the following are met: (i) The break lasts no longer than 15 minutes and there is no more than one break per hour. a government licensing department/office that issues operator licenses for operating equipment covered by this standard is considered a government accredited crane operator testing organization if the criteria in paragraph (e)(2) of this section are met. an operator who is an employee of the U. or has passed the written portion of a certification test under one of the options in paragraphs (b) through (e) of this section. (iii) The auditor files a documented report of the deficiency to the appropriate Regional Office of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration within 15 days of the auditor’s determination that there is a deficiency. (ii) The testing meets industry recognized criteria for written testing materials. All rights reserved. at a minimum. (5) Deficiencies. of the operator applicant regarding. practical examinations. (iv) The licensing department/office has testing procedures for re-licensing designed to ensure that the operator continues to meet the technical knowledge and skills requirements in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. For tower cranes: The operator’s trainer and the operator-in-training must be in direct communication with each other. the employer must ensure that: (i) No operator is qualified until the auditor confirms that the deficiency has been corrected. but no longer than 5 years. (3) A license issued by a government accredited crane operator testing organization that meets the requirements of this option: (i) Meets the operator qualification requirements of this section for operation of equipment only within the jurisdiction of the government entity. (ii) Is valid for the period of time stipulated by the licensing department/ office. (2) A qualification under this paragraph is: (i) Not portable. (e) Option (4): Licensing by a government entity. (1) For purposes of this section. While operating the equipment. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (iii) While monitoring the operator-in-training. they must communicate verbally or by hand signals. (i) The requirements for obtaining the license include an assessment.S. Such a qualification meets the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section only where the operator is employed by (and operating the equipment for) the employer that issued the qualification. military. and is familiar with the proper use of the equipment’s controls. (4) Continuous monitoring. Such a qualification meets the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section only where the operator is employed by (and operating the equipment for) the employer that issued the qualification. (1) For purposes of this section.

(F) This subpart. (iv) Application of safe shut-down and securing procedures. with answers given verbally. (2) Tests under this section may be administered in any language the operator candidate understands. if operated up to the equipment’s maximum working radius in the work zone (see § 1926. the employer must train that employee prior to operating the equipment. 2014. the items listed in § 1926. 2014: (i) The employer must ensure that operators of equipment covered by this standard are competent to operate the equipment safely. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (k) Phase-in. or within 50 feet of a power line that is over 350 kV. and the ability to calculate (manually or with a calculator). All rights reserved. (iii) The specific tasks that the operator-in-training will perform during the operator trainer’s break are within the operator-in-training’s abilities. (iii) In multiple-equipment lifts. at a minimum.1408(a)(1)). (2) A determination through a practical test that the individual has the skills necessary for safe operation of the equipment. (v) In multiple-lift rigging operations. (ii) The individual is able to read and locate relevant information in the equipment manual and other materials containing information referred to in paragraph (j)(1)(i) of this section.] (j) Certification criteria. load line or load (including rigging and lifting accessories). Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. Qualifications and certifications must be based. (2) When § 1926. (ii) Demonstrates the ability to use the type of written manufacturer procedures applicable to the class/ type of equipment for which the candidate is seeking certification. (1) The provisions of this section are applicable November 8. (ii) If the equipment is used to hoist personnel.(ii) Immediately prior to the break the operator’s trainer informs the operator-in-training of the specific tasks that the operator-in-training is to perform and limitations to which he/she must adhere during the operator trainer’s break. (D) Technical knowledge similar to the subject matter criteria listed in Appendix C of this subpart applicable to the specific type of equipment the individual will operate. 4 (B) Use of. (5) The operator-in-training must not operate the equipment in any of the following circumstances unless the exception stated in paragraph (f )(5)(v) of this section is applicable: (i) If any part of the equipment. The operator may only operate equipment furnished with such materials. (E) Technical knowledge applicable to: (1) The suitability of the supporting ground and surface to handle expected loads. (ii) Where an employee assigned to operate machinery does not have the required knowledge or ability to operate the equipment safely. cofferdam. 2010. The operator is qualified under paragraph (b)(2) of this section to operate equipment that is furnished with materials required by this subpart that are written in the language of the certification. The employer must ensure that each operator is evaluated to confirm that he/she understands the information provided in the training. (ii) Operational and maneuvering skills. (2) Site hazards. Use of the Appendix C criteria meets the requirements of this provision. (iv) If the equipment is used over a shaft. on the following: (1) A determination through a written test that: (i) The individual knows the information necessary for safe operation of the specific type of equipment the individual will operate. could get within 20 feet of a power line that is up to 350 kV. (g) Under this section. including the following: (i) Ability to recognize. (h) Language and Literacy Requirements. except where the operator’s trainer determines that the operator-intraining skills are sufficient for this high-skill work. load/ capacity information on a variety of configurations of the equipment.1412(d) (shift inspection). (C) Procedures for preventing and responding to power line contact.1427(a)(1) is not applicable. Rev0913 . or in a tank farm. and the operator’s certificate must note the language in which the test was given. (i) [Reserved. all of the requirements in paragraphs (k)(2)(i) and (ii) of this section apply until November 10. (iii) Application of load chart information. including applicable incorporated materials. except for paragraphs (a)(2) and (f ) which are applicable November 10. where the operator candidate: (i) Passes a written demonstration of literacy relevant to the work. including all of the following: (A) The controls and operational/ performance characteristics. (3) Site access. (1) Tests under this section may be administered verbally. from visual and auditory observation. a testing entity is permitted to provide training as well as testing services as long as the criteria of the applicable accrediting agency (in the option selected) for an organization providing both services are met.

Rev0913 State/local government license office Issues Operator license 5 .g.. Military State/local government authority that oversees licensing office Issues Operator Qualification Determines license office complies with testing/test administration criteria *States must comply by February 9.g.1426 (b)–(e)] Option 2: Employer Qualification Program Accredited testing organization (e.OSHA’s Personnel Certification/Qualification Requirements Summary OSHA’s Personnel Certification/Qualification Requirements for Crane Operators* OSHA’s Options Matrix Portable Valid • OPTION 1: Accredited testing organization Accredited testing organization YES 5 years • OPTION 2: Audited employer qualification program Audited employer qualification program NO 5 years • OPTION 3: U.S. 2011 Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. NCCCO) Develops & administers the tests (written & practical) to certify operators } Option 3: U.S.. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.. Military Different tests for different capacity/type of equipment Auditor Ensures Compliance with testing/test administration criteria Employer Qualification Program } Determines compliance with testing/test administration criteria Employeradministered written & practical tests Option 4: State/Local Government License* U. not > 5 years [OSHA 1926. military U.1427] Option 1: Accredited Testing Organization Nationally recognized accrediting agency (e. All rights reserved. military license NO Set by issuing entity • OPTION 4: Licensing by a government entity *Deadline to meet requirements: November 10. 2014 Government entity license NO Valid only in entity’s jurisdiction [OSHA 1926. ANSI or NCCA) Set by issuing entity.S.g.S. NCCCO) Certifies Accredited testing organization (e.

must be qualified when: –– Tasks within their ability –– Continuous direct supervision »»Trainer performs no other tasks while supervising »»Direct line of sight or direction communication –– Trainer is certified/qualified operator or has passed at least the written exam –– Point of operation not in full view of operator –– View of direction of travel is obstructed –– Site-specific safety conditions –– Trainer is employee or agent of employer –– Specific applications are forbidden »»Near power lines. multi-crane lifts.1427(j)] Operator Pre-qualification/Training Signal Person Requirements • Operator-in-Training • All workers who will participate in signaling or flagging a crane. military • OPTION 4: Government entity License • Skills (practical test) »»Shift Inspection criteria »»Operational skills »»Application of load chart information »»Safe shut-down and securing procedures –– Must pass a written demonstration of literacy relevant to work –– Demonstrate the ability to use written manufacturer procedures (operator manuals) • Tests may be administered in any language the operator understands.OSHA’s Personnel Certification/Qualification Requirements Summary Operator Certification Criteria Operator Language and Literacy • OPTION 1: Accredited testing organization • Verbal (oral) tests may be administered to the operator. however the candidate… • Knowledge (written test) »»Controls/performance characteristics »»Calculate load chart capacity »»Preventing power line contact »»Ground support »»Read and locate info in operating manual »»Appendix C subjects • OPTION 2: Audited employer qualification program • OPTION 3: U.S.1428(a)] 6 –– An entity that. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Rev0913 .. [OSHA 1926. hoisting personnel. has demonstrated that it is competent in accurately assessing whether individuals meet the Qualification Requirements in this subpart for a signal person –– A person employed by the signal person’s employer who has demonstrated that he/she is competent in accurately assessing whether individuals meet the Qualification Requirements in this subpart for a signal person.1427(h)] [OSHA 1926. All rights reserved. due to its independence and expertise. [OSHA 1926.. giving direction as to where and what will be lifted. etc. –– Certification card must note the language –– Operator must be furnished with operators manuals and load charts in the same language [OSHA 1926.1401] Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. however.1427(f)] Signal Person Qualifications Qualified Evaluator • OPTION 1: • Qualified Evaluator (third party): –– Third-party qualified evaluator »»Portable »»Documentation required –– Certification meets this requirement • Qualified Evaluator (not a third party) • OPTION 2: –– Employer’s qualified evaluator »»Non-portable »»Documentation required [OSHA 1926.

the employer must provide the training at no cost to the employee. or the project. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. or professional standing.1430(g)(3) –– Whenever training is required. certificate.” • A qualified rigger is required for certain conditions –– The employer must train each competent and qualified person applicable to their role • 1926. the employer must provide the qualification or certification at no cost to operators who are employed by the employer. [OSHA 1926.1401: Definitions—A “qualified rigger” is defined as a “qualified person” • 1926.1401] Certification/Training Costs More Information • 1926.1430(g)(1) –– The employer must EVALUATE each employee required to be trained under this subpart to confirm that the employee understands the information provided in the training –– During assembly/disassembly –– Employees within the “fall zone” [OSHA 1926. • 1926. All rights reserved.osha. or who by extensive knowledge.1430(d) –– Qualified Person: “a person who. boom deflection • Operator.gov/cranes-derricks/index. by possession of a recognized degree. swinging and stopping loads.1427(a)(4) • www.html –– Whenever operator qualification or certification is required.OSHA’s Personnel Certification/Qualification Requirements Summary Signal Person Qualification Requirements Signaling Requirements • Know and understand types of signals • Understand general requirements in OSHA • Method of signals must be agreed upon –– Hand –– Voice –– Radio –– Audible –– Special signals • Oral or written test • Anyone can give a stop or emergency signal • Practical test • For voice signals. the work.nccco. signal person and lift director (if there is one) must be able to communicate in the language used.1428(c)] Rigger Qualifications Rigger Training Requirements • 1926. successfully demonstrated the ability to solve/resolve problems relating to the subject matter. training and experience. –– Compliance assistance –– Fact sheets –– OSHA presentation –– Final rule documents • www. must be through a dedicated channel • Be competent in application of types of signals • Basic understanding of equipment operations and limitations. Rev0913 7 .org –– NCCCO Guide to Personnel Certification and Qualification Requirements of the OSHA Rule for Cranes and Derricks in Construction –– Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.

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the ability to properly use load chart information and recognize items required in the shift inspection. 2010. except: • sideboom cranes* • derricks* • equipment with a rated hoisting/lifting capacity of 2. or handle associated materials to be installed on or removed from the poles. How is an operator certified or qualified? There are 4 ways that an equipment operator can be qualified or certified and meet OSHA requirements. A practical exam showing the applicant has the skills needed to safely operate the equipment. unless the digger derrick is being used to auger holes for poles carrying electric or telecommunication lines. *Licensing by a state or local government (if that licensing meets the minimum requirements set forth by OSHA) *When a state or local government requires a crane operator license. State or local government licensing is effective November 8.OSHA Fact Sheet: Operator Qualification and Certification Subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Operator Qualification and Certification This fact sheet explains the operator qualification and certification requirements of subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction. A certificate from an accredited crane operator testing organization 2. 2. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. among other skills. technical understanding of the subject matter criteria required in 1926. All rights reserved. place or remove the poles. Other certification and qualification is effective November 10.1427. an operator must be certified for the type and capacity of crane he or she is going to operate. Qualification by the US Military (only applies to employees of Department of Defense or Armed Forces and does not include private contractors) 4. A written examination that includes the safe operating procedures for the particular type of equipment the applicant will be operating and With respect to certification from an accredited testing organization. Each accredited testing organization develops its own categories for crane type and capacity. Are operators of digger derricks required to be qualified or certified? Yes. Page 1 of 2 Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. as specified in 29 CFR 1926. the crane operator must be licensed accordingly to meet OSHA requirements. Qualification from the employer through an audited employer program 3.1427(j).000 pounds or less* *Operators of the listed equipment must meet the criteria for minimum expertise described in the applicable section in subpart CC. What is required in the testing for certification? Certification has two parts: 1. 2014. Rev0913 9 . 1. Including. Who needs to be certified or qualified? Does an operator need more than one certification? Any person engaged in a construction activity who is operating a crane covered by the new cranes and derricks rule.

This qualification does not include employees of private contractors. Rev0913 . NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.S. Audited employer program. This certification is portable from employer to employer. The testing organization must have its accreditation reviewed every 3 years. The testing organization must be accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency and test according to the criteria listed at §§ 1926. Military. When this license meets the minimum requirements of 1926. The auditor must conduct audits of the employer’s program according to nationally recognized auditing standards.1427(j)(1) and (j)(2). All rights reserved. U. and is valid for a maximum of 5 years. Crane operator qualification under an employer program is only valid while the operator is an employee of the employer and operating a crane for the employer. This qualification applies only to civilian employees of the Department of Defense or Armed Services and is not portable. continued. OSHA requires a crane operator to have this license when operating in the applicable city. The certificate is valid for 5 years. Licensing by a government entity. The certificate must note the type and capacity of equipment for which the operator is tested and certified. The qualification is valid up to 5 years.Operator Qualification and Certification. or state. An employer may provide a crane operator testing program under the oversight of an independent auditor. This license is not portable outside the boundaries of the government entity that issues the license. such as a city or state that has a required certification program. Page 2 of 2 10 Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. county. An accredited crane operator testing organization must certify the auditor to evaluate the administration of written and practical tests. This license is obtained from a government entity.1427(e)(2) and (j). Accredited crane operator testing organization.

The employer’s qualified evaluator assesses the individual.1430. Employers must use one of the following options to ensure that a signal person is qualified (see 1926. policies or standards. This assessment may not be relied on by other employers.FactSheet OSHA Fact Sheet: Signal Person Qualification Subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Signal Person Qualification This fact sheet describes the signal person qualification requirements of subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction.gov (800) 321-OSHA DOC 10/2010 Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. 1926. It does not impose any new compliance requirements.S. either in paper form or electronically. and provides documentation of that determination. • Passes an oral or written test and a practical test. as specified in 29 CFR 1926.1428). Refer to 1926. Third party qualified evaluator. What does a signal person need to know? The signal person is considered qualified if he or she: • Knows and understands the type of signals used at the worksite. The voice phone is (202) 693-1999.. The documentation must specify each type of signaling (e. 2.1419-1926. determines the individual meets the qualification requirements. lowering and stopping loads and in boom deflection from hoisting loads. raising. including the crane dynamics involved in swinging. 1926. 1926. • Knows and understands the relevant signal person qualification requirements specified in subpart CC (1926. hand signals.) for which the signal person is qualified under the requirements of the standard. • Understands the operations and limitations of the equipment. Employer’s qualified evaluator (not a third party). • Is competent in using these signals. teletypewriter (TTY) number: (877) 889-5627. For a comprehensive list of compliance requirements of OSHA standards or regulations.1419 and 1926.1431.1419(a)).1401 for definitions of qualified evaluators.1428). When are signal persons required to be qualified? The qualification requirements for signal persons go into effect on November 8.osha. refer to Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations.1404. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. All rights reserved. etc. How does a signal person become qualified? 1. radio signals.g. Department of Labor www. For more complete information: U. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. and 1926. • Either the operator or the person handling the load determines that a signal person is needed because of site-specific safety concerns.1428. How will an employer show that a signal person is appropriately qualified? Employers must make the documentation of the signal person’s qualifications available at the worksite. When is a signal person required? A signal person is required when: • The point of operation is not in full view of the operator (1926. Rev0913 11 . Other requirements related to signal persons can be found at 29 CFR 1926. This is one in a series of informational fact sheets highlighting OSHA programs.1441. The signal person has documentation from a third party qualified evaluator showing that he or she meets the qualification requirements. These provisions are effective November 8. 2010.1422. 2010. • The operator’s view is obstructed in the direction the equipment is traveling.

or doing the initial connection of a load to a component or structure (1926. or guiding a load. These provisions are effective November 8. and equipment used to hoist that load plus that person’s knowledge and experience. or use of custom rigging equipment. policies or standards. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. For example. or professional standing. For more complete information: U. lift. certificate.S. and 1926. The person designated as the qualified rigger must have the ability to properly rig the load for a particular job.1404(r)(1)). Employers must determine whether a person is qualified to perform specific rigging tasks. a rigger may have extensive experience in rigging structural components and other equipment to support specific construction activities.1404. In essence. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. A qualified rigger is a person that: • possesses a recognized degree. Additionally. and experience. This is one in a series of informational fact sheets highlighting OSHA programs. It does not impose any new compliance requirements. Each load that requires rigging has unique properties that can range from the simple to the complex.1425(c)). It does not mean that a rigger must be qualified to do every type of rigging job. Who can be a qualified rigger? A qualified rigger is a rigger who meets the criteria for a qualified person. A certified/qualified operator may meet the requirements of a qualified rigger. Such experience may have been gained over many years. Determining whether a person is a qualified rigger is based on the nature of the load. 2010. When is a qualified rigger required? Employers must use qualified riggers during hoisting activities for assembly and disassembly work (1926. or eccentric loads that may require a tandem lift. employers must make sure the person can do the rigging work needed for the exact types of loads and lifts for a particular job with the equipment and rigging that will be used for that job. Does a certified operator also meet the requirements of a qualified rigger? A certified operator does not necessarily meet the requirements of a qualified rigger. All rights reserved. or • has extensive knowledge. unhooking.osha. multiple-lifts. teletypewriter (TTY) number: (877) 889-5627. The voice phone is (202) 693-1999. Employers may choose to use a third party entity to assess the qualifications of the rigger candidate. as specified in 29 CFR 1926.gov (800) 321-OSHA DOC 10/2010 12 Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.1425. However. Rev0913 .FactSheet OSHA Fact Sheet: Qualified Rigger Subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Qualified Rigger This fact sheet describes the qualified rigger requirements of subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction. this experience does not automatically qualify the rigger to rig unstable. Department of Labor www. qualified riggers are required whenever workers are within the fall zone and hooking. depending on the operator’s knowledge and experience with rigging. Do qualified riggers have to be trained or certified by an accredited organization or assessed by a third party? No. and • can successfully demonstrate the ability to solve problems related to rigging loads. For a comprehensive list of compliance requirements of OSHA standards or regulations. unusually heavy.1401. Each qualified rigger may have different credentials or experience. 1926. training. Riggers do not have to be certified by an accredited organization or assessed by a third party. refer to Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations. but they are not required to do so.

NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (2) Option (2)—Employer’s qualified evaluator.§ 1926. (b) If subsequent actions by the signal person indicate that the individual does not meet the Qualification Requirements (see paragraph (c) of this section). If hand signals are used. This requirement must be met by using either Option (1) or Option (2) of this section. The employer’s qualified (see Qualified Evaluator (not a third party).1401 for definition) evaluator assesses the individual and determines that the individual meets the Qualification Requirements (see paragraph (c) of this section) and provides documentation of that determination. (2) Be competent in the application of the type of signals used.1419 through § 1926. § 1926. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. including the crane dynamics involved in swinging and stopping loads and boom deflection from hoisting loads.1422 and § 1926. (3) Have a basic understanding of equipment operation and limitations. The documentation must specify each type of signaling (e. and through a practical test. radio signals.1401 for definition) showing that the signal person meets the Qualification Requirements (see paragraph (c) of this section). (5) Demonstrate that he/she meets the requirements in paragraphs (c)(1) through (4) of this section through an oral or written test.) for which the signal person meets the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section. (3) The employer must make the documentation for whichever option is used available at the site while the signal person is employed by the employer. Rev0913 13 . All rights reserved.g.1428 Signal Person Qualifications (a) The employer of the signal person must ensure that each signal person meets the Qualification Requirements (paragraph (c) of this section) prior to giving any signals. (4) Know and understand the relevant requirements of § 1926. the employer must not allow the individual to continue working as a signal person until re-training is provided and a reassessment is made in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section that confirms that the individual meets the Qualification Requirements.1428. Each signal person must: (1) Know and understand the type of signals used. (1) Option (1)—Third party qualified evaluator. hand signals. § 1926. (c) Qualification Requirements. the signal person must know and understand the Standard Method for hand signals. etc. The signal person has documentation from a third party qualified evaluator (see Qualified Evaluator (third party). An assessment by an employer’s qualified evaluator under this option is not portable—other employers are not permitted to use it to meet the requirements of this section.

index finger points in direction that boom is to swing. thumb points down with other fingers closed.) With arm extended horizontally. fingers open and close while load movement is desired. forearm and index finger pointing straight up. hand and finger make small circles. hand and finger make small circles.Standard Hand Signals HOIST With upper arm extended to the side. Rev0913 . BOOM DOWN & RAISE THE LOAD BOOM UP & LOWER THE LOAD With arm extended horizontally to the side and thumb pointing down. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. Then regular signal is given to indicate desired action. arm is swung back and forth. MOVE SLOWLY USE AUXILIARY HOIST (Whipline) With arm bent at elbow and forearm vertical. palm down. STOP DOG EVERYTHING With arm extended horizontally to the side. fingers open and close while load movement is desired. USE MAIN HOIST A hand taps on top of the head. SWING A hand is placed in front of the hand that is giving the action signal. 14 LOWER With arm and index finger pointing down. Hands held together at waist level. With arm extended horizontally to the side. thumb points up with other fingers closed. With arm extended horizontally to the side and thumb pointing up. BOOM UP BOOM DOWN With arm extended horizontally to the side. Then regular signal is used to indicate desired action. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. elbow is tapped with other hand. All rights reserved. (Hoist slowly shown in example.

fingers closed. Hand Signal descriptions compiled from OSHA and ASME B30 standards. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. arms are swung back and forth. All rights reserved.TRAVEL/TOWER TRAVEL With all fingers pointing up. TELESCOPE OUT With hands to the front at waist level. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. and thumb pointing in direction of motion. CRAWLER CRANE TRAVEL. palms down. EMERGENCY STOP With both arms extended horizontally to the side. Rotate other fist in front of body in direction that other track is to travel. TELESCOPE IN With hands to the front at waist level. hand is jerked in direction trolley is to travel. BOTH TRACKS CRAWLER CRANE TRAVEL. thumbs point at each other with other fingers closed. Rev0913 15 . (For crawler cranes only) One fist in front of chest with thumb tapping chest. Indicate track to be locked by raising fist on that side. thumbs point outward with other fingers closed. (For crawler cranes only) One fist in front of chest. thumb pointing outward and heel of fist tapping chest. ONE TRACK TELESCOPE OUT (One-handed signal) TELESCOPE IN (One-handed signal) Rotate fists around each other in front of body. rotation away from body indicates travel backward. arm is extended horizontally out and back to make a pushing motion in the direction of travel. direction of rotation towards body indicates travel forward. TROLLEY TRAVEL With palm up.

Exception: ‘‘J’’ hooks are permitted to be used for setting wooden trusses. the synthetic sling manufacturer’s instructions. Qualified rigger is a rigger who meets the criteria for a qualified person. certificate.Rigger Qualifications From § 1926.1425 Keeping clear of the load (c) When employees are engaged in hooking. the work. and configurations that could cause a reduction of the sling’s rated capacity. From § 1926. unhooking. by possession of a recognized degree. when rigging is used for assembly/ disassembly. Note: Requirements for the protection of wire rope slings are contained in 29 CFR 1926. or who by extensive knowledge. all of the following criteria must be met: (1) The materials being hoisted must be rigged to prevent unintentional displacement. (2) Hooks with self-closing latches or their equivalent must be used. In addition to following the requirements in 29 CFR 1926. successfully demonstrated the ability to solve/ resolve problems relating to the subject matter. specifications and recommendations must be followed. or in the initial connection of a load to a component or structure and are within the fall zone. All rights reserved. (3) The materials must be rigged by a qualified rigger.1401 Definitions Qualified person means a person who. (3) When synthetic slings are used. such as distortion or localized compression. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. or guiding the load. (2) Synthetic slings are protected from: Abrasive. Rev0913 . the employer must ensure that: (1) The rigging work is done by a qualified rigger.251(c)(9). From § 1926. sharp or acute edges. or the project. training and experience.1404 Assembly/ Disassembly—general requirements (applies to all assembly and disassembly operations) (r) Rigging. 16 Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. limitations. or professional standing.251 and other requirements in this and other standards applicable to rigging.

1430(c)(4) § 1926. a repair is necessary.§ 1926. 1926. (4) The employer must train each operator of the equipment covered by this subpart in the following practices: (i) On friction equipment. in the tag-out and start-up procedures in §§ 1926. if the brake does not hold. there is an indication that retraining is necessary. 152. SECTION TRAINING REQUIREMENT §§ 1926. (1) Operators-in-Training for equipment where certification or qualification is required by this subpart. the employer must provide the training at no cost to the employee. (e) Crush/pinch points. The employer must train each employee specified in § 1926.1430(f) § 1926.1408(g) and 1926.1410(m) in the topics listed in § 1926.000 pound maximum rated capacity) Fall protection training Source: Federal Register.1430(c)(3) § 1926.000 pounds maximum rated capacity) Signal person re-training Operator-in-training Operator training during transitional period Operator training for equipment where qualification or certification is not required by this subpart Operator training for qualification or certification Operator training—boom hoist brake test Operator training—emergency procedures (halting unintended movement) Operator training (2. (b) Signal persons. whenever moving a boom off a support.1427 on the safe operation of the equipment the operator will be using. the same practice is applicable. 75.1441(e) § 1926.1408(g) and § 1926.1427(f) §§ 1926.1427(a) from the requirements of § 1926. (1) The employer must evaluate each employee required to be trained under this subpart to confirm that the employee understands the information provided in the training.1427(j). (ii) Where available. and 1926.000 pound maximum rated capacity) Signal person training (2. (3) Operators excepted from the requirements of § 1926. The employer must train each employee who will be assigned to work as a signal persons who does not meet the requirements of § 1926.1428(b) § 1926. The employer must provide re-training if the operator-in-training does not pass a qualification or certification test. pp. first raise the boom a short distance (sufficient to take the load of the boom) to determine if the boom hoist brake needs to be adjusted.1408(g).1430(d) § 1926.1437(c)(2)(ii) § 1926. The employer must train each competent person and each qualified person regarding the requirements of this subpart applicable to their respective roles.1427.1427(k). The employer must train each operator and each additional employee authorized to start/energize equipment or operate equipment controls (such as maintenance and repair employees).1430(c)(4)(i) § 1926. the manufacturer’s emergency procedures for halting unintended equipment movement. Rev0913 17 .1430(e) § 1926.1410(m) § 1926. 48034–48035 Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.1430(c)(1) § 1926. employers must train each operator who has not yet been certified or qualified in the areas addressed in § 1926. (2) The employer must provide refresher training in relevant topics for each employee when.1427(j). All rights reserved. (f ) Tag-out.1430(b) § 1926. The employer must train each operator-in-training in the areas addressed in § 1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. On other types of equipment with a boom. See § 1926. (3) Whenever training is required under subpart CC. Vol.1423(k) Power line safety Swing radius hazards Swing radius hazards (floating cranes & land cranes on barges) Crush/pinch points (Work Area of Control) Tag-out.1430(c)(2). During the four-year phase-in period for operator certification or qualification.1427(k). based on the conduct of the employee or an evaluation of the employee’s knowledge.1424(a)(2) § 1926.1430(c)(4)(ii) § 1926. Start up Competent and Qualified persons Refresher training (general) Signal person training (equipment with greater than 2.1417(f ) and (g). except that typically there is no means of adjusting the brake. (2) Transitional Period. (g) Training administration. as provided in § 1926.1430 Training The employer must provide training as follows: (a) Overhead powerlines.1441(f) § 1926.1417(f ) and (j) for additional requirements.1430(g)(2) § 1926. (d) Competent persons and qualified persons.1424 (Work area control). The employer must train each employee who works with the equipment to keep clear of holes.1428(c) in the areas addressed in that paragraph. and crush/pinch points and the hazards addressed in § 1926. (c) Operators. No. The employer must train each operator excepted under § 1926.

dedicated pile drivers. prefabricated building sections such as. lower and horizontally move a suspended load. but are not limited to. except when configured to hoist and lower (by means of a winch or hook) and horizontally move a suspended load. wall panels. using a fork/cradle at the end of the boom. Such prefabricated components include. crawler cranes. columns.268(s) (40)) must comply with 29 CFR 1910. but are not limited to: Hooks. derricks. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. bags of cement. commercial truck-mounted. straddle cranes. clamshell buckets. a crane on a monorail. multi-purpose machines when configured to hoist and lower (by means of a winch or hook) and horizontally move a suspended load. (12) Gin poles when used for the erection of communication towers. (15) Roustabouts. Digger derricks used in construction work for telecommunication service (as defined at 29 CFR 1910. and rolls of roofing felt. must comply with 29 CFR 1910.1400 Scope (a) This standard applies to power-operated equipment. (4) Digger derricks when used for augering holes for poles carrying electric and telecommunication lines. but not limited to: Floor panels. concrete buckets. rough-terrain. items listed in paragraph (c) of this section are excluded from the scope of this standard. such as holding material in place while it is attached to the structure. slings or other rigging to lift suspended loads. loader backhoes.1402(e) and § 1926. steel decking (bundled or unbundled) or a component of a systemsengineered metal building (as defined in 29 CFR 1926 subpart R). sheets or packages of roofing shingles. This standard applies to equipment included in paragraph (a) of this section when used with attachments. (c) Exclusions. roof panels. service/mechanic trucks with a hoisting device. beams. (ii) Articulating/knuckle-boom truck cranes that deliver material to a construction site when the crane is used to transfer building supply sheet goods or building supply packaged materials from the truck crane onto a structure.1424(b). (B) The material being handled by the articulating/ knuckle-boom crane is a prefabricated component. power shovels. (14) Anchor handling or dredge-related operations with a vessel or barge using an affixed A-frame. (iii) This exclusion does not apply when: (A) The articulating/knuckle-boom crane is used to hold. § 1926. industrial cranes (such as carry-deck cranes). (13) Tree trimming and tree removal work. crewmember. steel. all-terrain. orange peel buckets. (d) All sections of this subpart CC apply to the equipment covered by this standard unless specified otherwise. portal cranes. (2) Power shovels. sideboom cranes. Digger derricks used in work subject to 29 CFR part 1926. without arranging the materials in a particular sequence for hoisting. but are not limited to: Precast concrete members or panels. and variations of such equipment.§ 1926. drag lines.269. cold-formed metal. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. steel joists. excavators and concrete pumps. (D) The activity is not specifically excluded under § 1400(c)(17)(i) and (ii). This machinery is also excluded when used with chains.e. or similar items. or other material). whether crane-attached or suspended include. luffing boom and self-erecting). (8) Powered industrial trucks (forklifts). (9) Mechanic’s truck with a hoisting device when used in activities related to equipment maintenance and repair. locomotive cranes. augers or drills and pile driving equipment. This subpart does not cover: (1) Machinery included in paragraph (a) of this section while it has been converted or adapted for a non-hoisting/ lifting use. excavators. cranes on barges.268. floating cranes. placing and removing the poles. roof trusses (wooden. tower cranes (such as a fixed jib. but is not limited to: Articulating cranes (such as knuckle-boom cranes). track loaders. and for handling associated materials to be installed on or removed from the poles. 18 (10) Machinery that hoists by using a come-a-long or chainfall. All rights reserved. that can hoist. roof structures. Such sheet goods or packaged materials include. ‘‘hammerhead boom’’). (e) The duties of controlling entities under this subpart include. grapples. pedestal cranes. but are not limited to: Sheets of sheet rock. (5) Machinery originally designed as vehicle-mounted aerial devices (for lifting personnel) and self-propelled elevating work platforms. Rev0913 . (3) Automotive wreckers and tow trucks when used to clear wrecks and haul vehicles. overhead and gantry cranes. personnel platforms. Such conversions/ adaptations include. (11) Dedicated drilling rigs. Such equipment includes. (7) Stacker cranes. backhoes. (f ) Where provisions of this standard direct an operator. when used in construction. sheets of plywood. and boom truck cranes). (C) The material being handled by the crane is a structural steel member (for example. (16) Helicopter cranes. magnets. but are not limited to.. (6) Telescopic/hydraulic gantry systems.1402(c). Such attachments. or other employee to take certain actions. i. mobile cranes (such as wheel-mounted. However. the duties specified in § 1926. (b) Attachments. subpart V. wheel loaders. but only when the truck crane is equipped with a properly functioning automatic overload prevention device. support or stabilize the material to facilitate a construction activity. (17) Material Delivery (i) Articulating/knuckle-boom truck cranes that deliver material to a construction site when used to transfer materials from the truck crane to the ground.

When used for construction activities they are included. Tow trucks and automotive wreckers are excluded when they are used to clear and haul vehicles [§ 1926. 3 Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. Articulating cranes that are used to transfer sheet goods or packaged building materials from the truck onto a structure are only excluded when the crane is equipped with a properly functioning automatic overload prevention device. effectively communicate to the relevant persons. See § 1926.1400(c)(3)]. 2 Mechanic truck hoists are excluded when performing activities related to maintenance and repair.1402(f ). or structural steel. See the Articulating Cranes section below. see § 1926. such as roof trusses. all operators of the crane types listed below in the Included column. Overhead and gantry cranes that are permanently installed in a facility are outside of the scope of OSHA’s new rule. except when configured to hoist and lower and horizontally move a suspended load (such as when equipped with a winch or hook) [§ 1926. these types of cranes are covered under general industry regulations in OSHA 1910.1400(c) (4)]. NCCCO recommends that employers and operators review OSHA’s new rule before making a final determination whether certification is required. and enforce. when used in construction. compliance with 29 CFR § 1910. Because of the numerous exclusions to the equipment listed below. (Knuckleboom) Cranes1 Wreckers4 Carry Deck Cranes Digger Derricks5 Boom Trucks Gantry Systems Self-Erecting Cranes Forklifts6 Floating Cranes Stacker Cranes Barge Cranes Power Shovels Service/Mechanic Trucks Telescopic/Hydraulic w/a hoisting device Gantry Systems Locomotive Cranes Dedicated Pile Drivers Monorail Cranes Pedestal Cranes Portal Cranes Overhead and Gantry Cranes2 Straddle Cranes (h) Section 1926.1400]. are covered under Subpart CC.1427. 6 Articulating Cranes Articulating cranes that are used to deliver materials to a construction site are excluded from Subpart CC. and for handling associated materials to be installed on or removed from the poles [§ 1926.179. work rules to ensure compliance with such provisions. Notes: 1 Articulating boom (knuckleboom) cranes may be excluded under certain circumstances.1407 through 1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. 2014.269(p) is deemed compliance with §§ 1926.000 pounds.1400(c)(17) and the flowchart on the next page. Articulating cranes that are used to lift prefabricated materials. but they are included when used for other construction activities. 4 Digger derricks are excluded when used for auguring holes for electric or telecommunication poles. All rights reserved.1400(c)(8)]. (g) For work covered by subpart V of this part.the employer must establish. On November 10. with a maximum rated capacity of greater than 2. 5 Forklifts and powered industrial trucks (PITs) are excluded. Below is a listing of the general types of cranes and other lifting equipment that are included or specifically excluded from the rule. will need to have a certification that complies with the requirements in 1926. Included Excluded Mobile Cranes Excavators Crawler Cranes Backhoes Rough Terrain Cranes Concrete Pumps All-Terrain Cranes Aerial Lifts Tower Cranes Mechanic Truck Hoists3 Articulating Boom Tow Trucks & Automotive . Instead.1411. when used on railroad tracks that are part of the general railroad system of transportation that is regulated pursuant to the Federal Railroad Administration under 49 CFR part 213. Rev0913 19 . NCCCO ANALYSIS: Which Cranes Are Covered? Federal OSHA’s new rule applies to “power-operated equipment. lower and horizontally move a suspended load” [§ 1926.1402 does not apply to cranes designed for use on railroad tracks. For further information. for placing and removing the poles. and that comply with applicable Federal Railroad Administration requirements. that can hoist.

Yes YES. All rights reserved.1400(c)(17)] If the crane is used to hold. support. 1926 Subpart CC applies only to cranes used in construction. it is not excluded. A certified/qualified operator is required.1400(c)(17)(iii)(A)] No Yes 20 Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. The exclusion for knuckleboom cranes only applies for cranes performing material delivery for construction work. [1926. For complete details.1400(c)(17)(i)] Yes Are the materials being delivered sheet goods like plywood or packaged goods like bags of concrete? No YES.1400(c)(17). Rev0913 . When a crane is delivering materials to the ground and placing them in a particular order for hoisting. it is not excluded.Articulating Crane Operator Certification Requirement I have an articulating/knuckleboom crane with a maximum rated capacity greater than 2. [1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.000 lbs. consult the material handling exclusion for articulating/knuckleboom cranes in 1926. [1926. [1926. Yes Does the crane have a properly functioning automatic overload prevention device? Are the materials being arranged in a particular sequence for hoisting? No Yes Is the crane using a fork or cradle? A certified/qualified operator is required. Does OSHA require me to have a certified operator? Is the crane used in construction? No NO. NOTE: This chart does not cover all possible instances or scenarios. The exclusion for knuckleboom cranes lifting onto a structure only applies when lifting sheet goods or packaged goods with a fork or a cradle and the crane has a properly functioning automatic overload prevention device. or stabilize the material to facilitate a construction activity.1400(c)(17)(ii)] Yes YES. Is it used only for material handling and delivery? No Yes Are the materials being delivered onto a structure? No No A certified/qualified operator is required.

gantry systems. pile drivers. These jurisdictions have six months from the date of publication in the Federal Register to come into compliance.1400]. employers must be in compliance by November 10. For more information.. you may only operate cranes covered under the rule after November 8.1400].1427 of the new rule describes crane operator certification/qualification requirements. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.1427(h)(2)]. backhoes (even when used to lift suspended loads). digger derricks. personnel platforms. straddle cranes. Do I have to be tested in English? OSHA permits tests to be administered in any language the operator understands. or stabilize material to facilitate a construction activity. Does OSHA specify what the written and practical crane operator tests must include? Yes. among them: excavators. How about articulating cranes (knucklebooms)? When used purely to deliver materials. operations manual) must be in the same language as the test [§ 1926. what do I need to do? Nothing. This includes requirements such as written and practical tests and providing levels of certification based on equipment and capacity and type. please consult OSHA 1926. or qualified through an audited employer program [§ 1926. they are covered by the new rule [§ 1926.1427(k)]. Articulating Cranes). support.” There are also restrictions on the type of lifts you can make. augers or drills and pile driving equipment. can hoist. floating cranes. All rights reserved. many of these normally excluded from the new rules can be included when used in certain specialized tasks. I am currently an NCCCO certified crane operator. aerial lifts. 2014 [§ 1926. How does OSHA define a “crane” in the new rule? The standard defines a “crane” as “power-operated equipment that. portal cranes.1400(b)].1400(c) Exclusions.000 lbs capacity when used in construction will need to be either certified by an accredited crane operator testing organization. requires operators to be certified by a nationally accredited crane operator testing organization that tests operators through written and practical testing and providing levels of certification based on equipment capacity and type. articulating boom (knuckleboom) cranes. and locomotive cranes. overhead and gantry cranes. Rev0913 21 . include: mobile cranes.1400(c)(17)]. draglines. orange peel buckets. Operators of which cranes are included in this rule? Cranes covered by the rule. 2010.” which includes having received sufficient training from your employer to operate the crane safely and being continuously monitored by an “operator’s trainer. concrete buckets. can I still operate cranes? If you are not certified. The certification card must note the language used on the test. whether attached to the crane or suspended [§ 1926.1427(a)].1400(c)]. Option 1. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. lower and horizontally move a suspended load” [§ 1926. clamshell buckets. magnets. Are any lifting devices excluded? OSHA has excluded many lifting devices. crawler cranes. Tower Cranes. pedestal cranes. If I am not yet certified. but there are conditions. concrete pumps. All tree trimming and tree removal work is also excluded [§ 1926. when used in construction.g. Operators of most cranes above 2.Frequently Asked Questions CRANE OPERATOR QUALIFICATIONS How about cranes with attachments? Will all crane operators need to be certified nationwide? The rule applies to cranes when used with attachments such as hooks. which is anticipated to be the most commonly used. and took effect November 8. boom trucks. Where in the rule can I find this information? Section 1926. There is a four-year compliance period for the crane operator certification/qualification requirement. service/mechanic trucks with a hoisting device. monorails. or they are handling prefabricated components (such as roof trusses or wall panels) or structural steel. 2010. However. grapples. when is the deadline? The rule was published in the Federal Register on August 9. CCO certification provided by the National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO) fully meets the new OSHA rule.1427(f )]. such as the National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO). How is my state license affected? Option 4 of the personnel requirements of the new rule allows states with their own programs to continue requiring a license as long as their exams are at least as strict as the federal rule. tower cranes. when used in construction applications. tow trucks. [§ 1926. and all the materials that are required to be on the crane (e. Overhead Cranes. OSHA lists the information necessary for the safe operation of the type of crane to be operated for the written test. Also included are industrial cranes (such as carry– decks). i.e. in some circumstances. Most state and city programs recognize CCO certification [1926. and variations of such equipment. cranes on barges. However.1427(e)]. This applies to certifications of operators of all the crane types NCCCO currently offers (Mobile Cranes. See flowchart on page 17 for guidance on whether a certified crane operator is required for your particular job. articulating/knuckleboom truck cranes are excluded. It also includes multi-purpose machines when configured to hoist and lower (by means of a winch or hook) and horizontally move a suspended load [§ 1926. when they are used to hold. 2014. and forklifts. If I am not certified. if you meet OSHA’s definition of an “operator-in-training.

Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. but I never pick up loads larger than 1. it is the crane’s maximum-rated capacity that must be 2. and the qualification must be documented [§ 1926. giving direction as to where and what will be lifted. There are no federal operator certification requirements at this moment in general industry [§ 1926. training. digger derricks are not excluded [Preamble p. Do I need to be certified? OSHA 1926. For more complex rigging. How does this rule affect electric utility personnel that operate digger derricks and small cranes (e.1428].500 lbs. NCCCO crane operator exams cover hand signals from the operator’s perspective.1419] 22 I am an NCCCO-certified crane operator. As a trainer do I need to be accredited by OSHA to teach rigger and signal person training courses? OSHA does not require trainers to be accredited to teach rigger or signal person training. has successfully demonstrated the ability to solve/resolve problems relating to rigging. RIGGER QUALIFICATIONS Do riggers need to be certified? Riggers need to be qualified rather than certified. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.1428(a). As a CCO-certified signal person. as long as the level of rigging certification is appropriate to the type and complexity of rigging being performed. Am I covered by the military option for qualifying crane operators? Nothing.1400(c)(4)]. and below refers to the maximum manufacturer-rated capacity. Do I also need to meet the signal person qualification requirements? As long as you are not giving hand or voice signals to another operator. What does OSHA mean by a “qualified evaluator”? Under section 1926. Under section 1926. Please visit the signal person and rigger sections of the NCCCO website for more information. must be qualified when: • Point of operation is not in full view of the operator • View of direction of travel is obstructed • Site-specific safety condition [§ 1926. November 8. OSHA requires that signal persons be evaluated by a qualified evaluator. Even if you lift lighter loads.” certification by an organization such as NCCCO meets this requirement. Employers are still responsible for training their operators on the safe operation of the type of equipment the operator will be using [§ 1926. refer to OSHA 1910. I work in general industry as a crane operator. All workers who will participate in signaling or flagging a crane. then NCCCO strongly recommends that you become certified through NCCCO in the appropriate programs. or less for you to be exempt from the requirements of 1926. I am currently an NCCCO-certified signal person.1441(e)]. There is no additional compliance period as there is for crane operators. and experience.and it outlines which skills the practical exams must test [§ 1926.1427(j)]. For crane work in general industry.000 lbs. The so-called “Option 3” only covers employees of the United States military (Department of Defense or Armed Services). When is the deadline to be qualified as a signal person and/or rigger? All signal persons and riggers must be qualified as of the effective date of the rule. what do I need to do? Nothing. personnel may require a Rigger Level II certification to be considered qualified under the new federal rule.1400(a)].000 lbs. 2010. If you will be out of the seat and giving signals. A qualified rigger is defined as a “qualified person” who.1401 Definitions. 15 ton) on power line construction? Digger derricks are specifically excluded from the new rule when used for auguring holes for poles carrying electric and telecommunication lines [§ 1926. a “qualified evaluator” is required (either third-party or employer) to determine that a signal person (but not a rigger) meets qualification requirements. SIGNAL PERSON QUALIFICATIONS Do signal persons need to be certified? While the rule states that signal persons need to be qualified (rather than certified) by a “qualified evaluator. Note that when used in other construction lifting duties. or who by extensive knowledge.. Personnel with a Rigger Level I certification will meet OSHA’s requirements for many common rigging tasks.g. you do not need to be qualified as a signal person. or professional standing. qualification or state licensing requirements listed [§ 1926.1427(d)(1)]. Rev0913 .180. OSHA does not have a requirement for a qualified evaluator for riggers. however. certificate. Qualification can be either through a third-party qualified evaluator (such as an accredited certification body) or through an employer’s qualified evaluator. I am currently an NCCCO-certified rigger. All contractor companies with crane operators on site need to meet the certification. No. However. OSHA defines this as someone who has demonstrated that they are competent to accurately assess whether individuals meet the qualification requirements in this subpart for a signal person. All signal persons must be qualified and tested through a written or oral test and a practical test. All rights reserved.1427. Do I need to be certified? The exclusion for cranes of 2.1400 covers cranes in construction only. you have already met the requirements of the new federal rule.70]. by possession of a recognized degree. what do I need to do? I operate cranes for a crane company contracted to do military work. I operate a crane with a maximum lifting capacity of 10 tons.

If crane work does not fall under one of the special standards. Construction work also includes demolition and deconstruction of a portion. when employees are engaged in hooking. they do not have the same specified requirements for testing and documentation as signal persons [§ 1926.1401 “Definitions”]. OSHA generally considers construction to include the building. All rights reserved. such as Construction or Maritime.1404. of a structure. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.html Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. unhooking. 23–24 for OSHA’s further interpretation of “construction” vs. What is the difference between cranes in general industry vs. When is a qualified rigger needed? A qualified rigger is needed during assembly/disassembly of cranes.180). or in the initial connection of a load to a component or structure and are within the fall zone. 1926.1425]. “maintenance. Maintenance may also be considered construction depending on its complexity and scope. while they still need to be trained (and therefore evaluated). construction? We are a crane rental company and do jobs in a lot of different environments. [1926. Since similar work can fall into either category depending on the exact nature of the job. [See pp. then OSHA usually considers it to fall under general industry (29 CFR 1910. OTHER QUESTIONS Will NCCCO be reviewing its examinations to ensure they meet the new OSHA requirements? Yes. altering. or all. Each of NCCCO’s seven Exam Management Committees have reviewed their respective written and practical exams to ensure all CCO tests are fully in compliance with the new rule. Additional Frequently Asked Questions can be found at http://www.org/news/OSHARuleFAQs. Rev0913 23 .Do riggers need a test and documentation like signal persons? Riggers must meet OSHA’s criteria for a “qualified person” to be considered a “qualified rigger” and. the general approach often adopted is: Go with the stricter standard.nccco. or repairing of new or existing structures.org.”] Have a question? Email NCCCO’s Personnel Rule Task Force at osharule@nccco. or guiding the load.

scheduled. taking into account all information available at a particular site. in a 1993 case settled with the Norfolk Southern Railroad. 11 OSHC 1994 (1984) (highway contractor cited under construction industry standards in connection with highway rehabilitation project).. The case also determined that the repair and rehabilitation of railroad tracks. rather than at a manufacturing plant. depending on the hazard. Maintenance OSHA’s regulations define “construction work” as “construction. or repair mean the following: (1) all types of work done on a particular building or work at the site thereof * * * 29 CFR 5. Cleveland Electric Co.. Examples of activity that have been determined to be construction: • OSHA has recognized that repair of highways is construction work. OSHA cited a railroad for violation of construction industry standards in connection with replacement of damaged railroad ties on a bridge. (j) The terms construction. ment working in its existing state. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.g. or “refurbishment. the activity should be classified so as to allow application of the more protective 1910 or 1926 standard. August 11.. See e. OSHRC 910 F2d 1333 (6th Cir. Secretary of Labor 589 F. Further. The replacement of structures and their components is also considered construction work. In such cases the citation should be issued in the alternative with the emphasis on the more protective standard.OSHA Memorandum and Letter of Interpretation on “Construction” vs.” In Consolidated Rail Corp. 23. concluded that pole replacement is “improvement” and. however. using heavy equipment and workers spread over a large geographical area is also construction work. 1992). Karl Koch Erecting Co. 3 OSHC 1223 (1975) (employer cited for violation of construction industry standards in connection with freeway repair project). 1939 (1976). in Pacific Gas & Electric Co. and New England Telephone & Telegraph Co. In order for work to be construction work. See e.32(g) and 29 CFR 1910. 1978). All rights reserved. and/or repair. or servicing and maintenance work. vs. 91-3134 (filed Jan. preventing its failure or decline. on site. See also Burlington Northern Railroad Co. Thus. For example. the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission and the courts have looked to similar definitional provisions in other federal laws and regulations.” id. For example.2d 81 (1st Cir. More recently. Yonkers Contracting Co. OSHA’s regulations make specific reference to definitions in the Davis-Bacon Act and regulations promulgated under that Act. furnishing of materials. In interpreting definitional provisions in these regulations. therefore. OSHA cited Conrail for violation of its construction industry standards.” rather than “construction work.” The Review Commission. alleging that maintenance-of-way activities “involve at least in part. This definition implies “keeping equip24 Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. 4 OSHC 1838.. parkways. structures.g. construction work. where an activity cannot be easily classified as construction or maintenance even when measured against all of the above factors.” at 29 CFR 1926.. without limitation. power lines. vs. and improvements of all types. * * * excavating.* * *. highways. fixture or foundation (substrates) in proper condition in a routine.. In other instances. Rev0913 . It includes the repair of existing facilities. subways. 1994 RE: Construction vs. • OSHA has consistently taken the position that the repair of railroad track and related structures are construction work. heavy generators.g. completion. (taken from the directive on confined spaces) is not dispositive.12(a). buildings. the employer need not itself be a construction company. They further provide that OSHA’s construction industry standards apply “to every employment and place of employment of every employee engaged in construction work. Consolidated Rail Corp. construction work is not limited to new construction. and. vacated on other grounds sub nom. tunnels. it was determined that the replacement of thousands of aged and damaged ties and tons of ballast is “improvement and/or repair of track. including painting and decorating. determinations of whether a contractor is engaged in maintenance operations rather than construction activities must be made on a case-by-case basis.. the Review Commission held that the replacement of a wooden utility pole is covered by the construction industry standards. The utility had argued that the replacement of the pole was “maintenance work. OSHRC Docket No. 1979 OSAHRC LEXIS 640.e. nor a clear distinction between terms such as “maintenance”. i.” However. alteration and/or repair * * *. in Secretary of Labor vs. construction work is typically performed outdoors. pumping stations. dams. railways. 1979 OSHC (CCH) p..2(i) and (j).. The Davis-Bacon Act regulations issued by the Department of Labor broadly define construction work or activity as follows: (i) The terms “building” and “work” generally include construction activity as distinguished from manufacturing. See e. 2 OSHC 1962 (1975). consequently.” and consequently such work is construction work. 14 OSHC 1402 (1989) (citation for failing to shore trench). “Maintenance” OSHA Memorandum.392 (1979).12(b). “repair”.. streets. this definition. such as bridges. 22.” “Maintenance activities” can be defined as making or keeping a structure. There is no specified definition for “maintenance”. mains. New England Telephone & Telegraph Co. Similarly. 1990). or anticipated fashion. This factor too is another hallmark of construction work. construction. The terms include. plants. alteration.. at 1910. sewers.

OSHA Letter of Interpretation to Raymond
Knobbs, November 18, 2003
RE: Construction vs. Maintenance
Question:
Do the following factors bear on whether work will be considered maintenance or construction: (a) the physical condition
of the equipment/structure being worked on (whether it
may be reused or if deterioration would require its complete
removal); (b) replacement was performed to supplant
deteriorated sections rather than to prevent the current parts
from reaching a state of failure; (c) the physical characteristics
(height, width, weight, material) of the equipment/structure;
(d) the work is performed by an outside contractor rather than
by a steel mill’s own employees; (e) the work was performed
during an annually scheduled work outage; and (f ) whether
steel tanks used in a mill plating line and the structural steel
used to support the plating line, equipment and floor decking,
are categorized as either plant equipment or plant structure?

Answer:
In our August 11, 1994 memorandum for Regional Administrators, our February 1, 1999 letter to Mr. Tindell, and our May
11, 1999 letter to Mr. Ellis, we discussed and gave examples of
the difference between maintenance and construction work.
These can be viewed on the Internet at http://www.osha.gov
(we have also enclosed a copy of each for your reference).
OSHA’s regulations define construction work as “construction, alteration, and/or repair, including painting and
decorating.”1 Section 1910.12(a) further provides that OSHA’s
construction industry standards apply “to every employment
and place of employment of every employee engaged in
construction work.”
Unlike construction work, there is no regulatory definition
for “maintenance,” nor a specified distinction between
terms such as “maintenance,” “repair,” or “refurbishment.”
“Maintenance activities” have commonly been defined in
dictionaries as making or keeping a structure, fixture or
foundation (substrates) in proper condition in a routine,
scheduled, or anticipated fashion. In OSHA’s directive on the
general industry confined space standard, the Agency stated
that maintenance involves “keeping equipment working
in its existing state, i.e., preventing its failure or decline”3
[emphasis added]. In applying this concept to the broad range
of circumstances encountered in the construction industry,
the factors discussed in the Tindell and Ellis letters and those
discussed below must also be considered.

and complexity. Also, if a bridge was to be stripped and repainted, that would be considered construction work even if
the repainting were done on a scheduled basis. Replacement
of a section of limestone cladding on a building, though not
necessarily a large project in terms of scale, would typically be
considered construction because it is a complex task in view
of the steps involved and tools and equipment needed to do
the work.
As discussed in the Tindell letter, the physical size of an object
that is being worked on can be a factor if, because of its size,
the process of removal and replacement involves significantly
altering the structure or equipment that the component
is within. This is another example of how the project scale
and complexity is relevant—if the process of removal and
replacement is a large-scale project, then it is likely to be construction. It is not the classification of what you are working
on as “equipment” or “structure” that is significant, but rather
the project’s scale and complexity.
Characteristics such as the material of the component are
sometimes relevant in determining what specific standards
apply, although by themselves such characteristics are
unlikely to be an important factor in deciding whether an
activity is considered maintenance or construction.
Whether the work is performed in-house or by an outside
contractor is not a factor; it is not the personnel which will
determine whether work will be considered maintenance or
construction, but the work itself.
Work that is anticipated, routine and done on a regularly
scheduled/periodic basis to help maintain the original condition of the component, will be suggestive of “maintenance,”
although this must be considered in light of the scale of the
project. For example, whether a tank in your steel mill is
repaired and reused versus replaced is not determinative.
If the work consists of repair as opposed to replacement,
a key factor is whether those repairs are extensive. If the
work consists of removal and replacement of equipment,
an important factor is whether the new equipment is of an
improved type. For both the cases of repair and replacement,
a key factor is the scale of the project, including the extent to
which other equipment or structures must be moved, altered,
etc. as discussed above.
Note that, though the work may itself occur during a scheduled “maintenance outage,” this alone is not enough to qualify
it as maintenance. For example, it is possible that the work
may be construction, but scheduled during a maintenance
outage to minimize lost productivity.

Construction work is not limited to new construction, but can
include the repair of existing facilities or the replacement of
structures and their components. For example, the replacement of one utility pole with a new, identical pole would be
maintenance; however, if it were replaced with an improved
pole or equipment, it would be considered construction.
In addition to the concept of one-for-one replacement versus
improvement, the scale and complexity of the project are
relevant. This takes into consideration concepts such as the
amount of time and material required to complete the job.
For example, if a steel beam in a building had deteriorated
and was to be replaced by a new, but identical beam, the
project would be considered a construction repair rather
than maintenance because of the replacement project’s scale
Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. All rights reserved. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Rev0913

25

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Section Two: OSHA Rule 29 CFR 1926
Subpart CC, Cranes & Derricks in
Construction (Full Text)

• § 1926.1400–§ 1926.1442—Full text of rule
(Reprinted from Federal Register, Vol. 75, No. 152,
August 9, 2010)

• Appendix A—Standard Hand Signals
• Appendix B—Assembly/Disassembly: Sample
Procedures for Minimizing the Risk of
Unintended Dangerous Boom Movement
• Appendix C to Subpart CC of Part 1926—
Operator Certification: Written Examination:
Technical Knowledge Criteria
NOTE: This section contains the entire text of the federal rule. No changes have
been made other than to reformat it for greater clarity and easier reference.

Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. All rights reserved. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Rev0913

27

§ 1926.1400 Scope

Subpart CC—Cranes and Derricks in Construction
Authority: Section 3704 of the Contract Work Hours and
Safety Standards Act (40 U.S.C. 3701); sections 4, 6, and 8 of
the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C.
653, 655, 657); Secretary of Labor’s Order No. 5–2007 (72 FR
31159); and 29 CFR part 1911.

§ 1926.1400 Scope.
(a) This standard applies to power-operated equipment,
when used in construction, that can hoist, lower and
horizontally move a suspended load. Such equipment
includes, but is not limited to: Articulating cranes (such
as knuckle-boom cranes); crawler cranes; floating cranes;
cranes on barges; locomotive cranes; mobile cranes (such
as wheel-mounted, rough-terrain, all-terrain, commercial
truck-mounted, and boom truck cranes); multi-purpose
machines when configured to hoist and lower (by means
of a winch or hook) and horizontally move a suspended
load; industrial cranes (such as carry-deck cranes); dedicated pile drivers; service/mechanic trucks with a hoisting
device; a crane on a monorail; tower cranes (such as a
fixed jib, i.e., ‘‘hammerhead boom’’), luffing boom and
self-erecting); pedestal cranes; portal cranes; overhead
and gantry cranes; straddle cranes; sideboom cranes; derricks; and variations of such equipment. However, items
listed in paragraph (c) of this section are excluded from the
scope of this standard.
(b) Attachments. This standard applies to equipment included
in paragraph (a) of this section when used with attachments. Such attachments, whether crane-attached or
suspended include, but are not limited to: Hooks, magnets,
grapples, clamshell buckets, orange peel buckets, concrete
buckets, drag lines, personnel platforms, augers or drills
and pile driving equipment.
(c) Exclusions. This subpart does not cover:
(1) Machinery included in paragraph (a) of this section
while it has been converted or adapted for a non-hoisting/ lifting use. Such conversions/ adaptations include,
but are not limited to, power shovels, excavators and
concrete pumps.
(2) Power shovels, excavators, wheel loaders, backhoes,
loader backhoes, track loaders. This machinery is also
excluded when used with chains, slings or other rigging
to lift suspended loads.
(3) Automotive wreckers and tow trucks when used to
clear wrecks and haul vehicles.
(4) Digger derricks when used for augering holes for poles
carrying electric and telecommunication lines, placing
and removing the poles, and for handling associated
materials to be installed on or removed from the poles.
Digger derricks used in work subject to 29 CFR part
1926, subpart V, must comply with 29 CFR 1910.269.
Digger derricks used in construction work for telecommunication service (as defined at 29 CFR 1910.268(s)
(40)) must comply with 29 CFR 1910.268.
(5) Machinery originally designed as vehicle-mounted
aerial devices (for lifting personnel) and self-propelled
elevating work platforms.
(6) Telescopic/hydraulic gantry systems.
28

(7) Stacker cranes.
(8) Powered industrial trucks (forklifts), except when
configured to hoist and lower (by means of a winch or
hook) and horizontally move a suspended load.
(9) Mechanic’s truck with a hoisting device when used in
activities related to equipment maintenance and repair.
(10) Machinery that hoists by using a come-a-long or
chainfall.
(11) Dedicated drilling rigs.
(12) Gin poles when used for the erection of communication towers.
(13) Tree trimming and tree removal work.
(14) Anchor handling or dredge-related operations with a
vessel or barge using an affixed A-frame.
(15) Roustabouts.
(16) Helicopter cranes.
(17) Material Delivery
(i) Articulating/knuckle-boom truck cranes that deliver
material to a construction site when used to transfer
materials from the truck crane to the ground, without arranging the materials in a particular sequence
for hoisting.
(ii) Articulating/knuckle-boom truck cranes that deliver
material to a construction site when the crane is
used to transfer building supply sheet goods or
building supply packaged materials from the truck
crane onto a structure, using a fork/cradle at the
end of the boom, but only when the truck crane is
equipped with a properly functioning automatic
overload prevention device. Such sheet goods or
packaged materials include, but are not limited
to: Sheets of sheet rock, sheets of plywood, bags of
cement, sheets or packages of roofing shingles, and
rolls of roofing felt.
(iii) This exclusion does not apply when:
(A) The articulating/knuckle-boom crane is used to
hold, support or stabilize the material to facilitate
a construction activity, such as holding material
in place while it is attached to the structure;
(B) The material being handled by the articulating/
knuckle-boom crane is a prefabricated component. Such prefabricated components include,
but are not limited to: Precast concrete members
or panels, roof trusses (wooden, cold-formed
metal, steel, or other material), prefabricated
building sections such as, but not limited to:
Floor panels, wall panels, roof panels, roof
structures, or similar items;
(C) The material being handled by the crane is
a structural steel member (for example, steel
joists, beams, columns, steel decking (bundled
or unbundled) or a component of a systemsengineered metal building (as defined in 29 CFR
1926 subpart R).
(D) The activity is not specifically excluded under
§ 1400(c)(17)(i) and (ii).

Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. All rights reserved. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Rev0913

§ 1926.1401 Definitions
(d) All sections of this subpart CC apply to the equipment
covered by this standard unless specified otherwise.
(e) The duties of controlling entities under this subpart
include, but are not limited to, the duties specified in
§ 1926.1402(c), § 1926.1402(e) and § 1926.1424(b).
(f ) Where provisions of this standard direct an operator,
crewmember, or other employee to take certain actions,
the employer must establish, effectively communicate to
the relevant persons, and enforce, work rules to ensure
compliance with such provisions.
(g) For work covered by subpart V of this part, compliance
with 29 CFR § 1910.269(p) is deemed compliance with
§§ 1926.1407 through 1926.1411.
(h) Section 1926.1402 does not apply to cranes designed for
use on railroad tracks, when used on railroad tracks that
are part of the general railroad system of transportation
that is regulated pursuant to the Federal Railroad Administration under 49 CFR part 213, and that comply with
applicable Federal Railroad Administration requirements.
See § 1926.1402(f ).

§ 1926.1401 Definitions.
A/D director (Assembly/Disassembly director) means an
individual who meets this subpart’s requirements for an
A/D director, irrespective of the person’s formal job title or
whether the person is non-management or management
personnel.
Articulating crane means a crane whose boom consists of
a series of folding, pin connected structural members,
typically manipulated to extend or retract by power from
hydraulic cylinders.
Assembly/Disassembly means the assembly and/or disassembly of equipment covered under this standard. With
regard to tower cranes, ‘‘erecting and climbing’’ replaces
the term ‘‘assembly,’’ and ‘‘dismantling’’ replaces the term
‘‘disassembly.’’ Regardless of whether the crane is initially
erected to its full height or is climbed in stages, the process
of increasing the height of the crane is an erection process.
Assist crane means a crane used to assist in assembling or
disassembling a crane.
Attachments means any device that expands the range of tasks
that can be done by the equipment. Examples include, but
are not limited to: An auger, drill, magnet, pile-driver, and
boom-attached personnel platform.
Audible signal means a signal made by a distinct sound or
series of sounds. Examples include, but are not limited to,
sounds made by a bell, horn, or whistle.
Blocking (also referred to as ‘‘cribbing’’) is wood or other
material used to support equipment or a component and
distribute loads to the ground. It is typically used to support lattice boom sections during assembly/ disassembly
and under outrigger and stabilizer floats.
Boatswain’s chair means a single-point adjustable suspension
scaffold consisting of a seat or sling (which may be incorporated into a full body harness) designed to support one
employee in a sitting position.
Bogie means ‘‘travel bogie,’’ which is defined below.
Boom (equipment other than tower crane) means an inclined
spar, strut, or other long structural member which supports the upper hoisting tackle on a crane or derrick.

Typically, the length and vertical angle of the boom can
be varied to achieve increased height or height and reach
when lifting loads. Booms can usually be grouped into
general categories of hydraulically extendible, cantilevered
type, latticed section, cable supported type or articulating
type.
Boom (tower cranes): On tower cranes, if the ‘‘boom’’ (i.e.,
principal horizontal structure) is fixed, it is referred to as
a jib; if it is moveable up and down, it is referred to as a
boom.
Boom angle indicator means a device which measures the
angle of the boom relative to horizontal.
Boom hoist limiting device includes boom hoist disengaging
device, boom hoist shut-off, boom hoist disconnect, boom
hoist hydraulic relief, boom hoist kick-outs, automatic
boom stop device, or derricking limiter. This type of device
disengages boom hoist power when the boom reaches
a predetermined operating angle. It also sets brakes or
closes valves to prevent the boom from lowering after
power is disengaged.
Boom length indicator indicates the length of the permanent
part of the boom (such as ruled markings on the boom) or,
as in some computerized systems, the length of the boom
with extensions/attachments.
Boom stop includes boom stops, (belly straps with struts/
standoff ), telescoping boom stops, attachment boom
stops, and backstops. These devices restrict the boom from
moving above a certain maximum angle and toppling over
backward.
Boom suspension system means a system of pendants, running
ropes, sheaves, and other hardware which supports the
boom tip and controls the boom angle.
Builder means the builder/constructor of equipment.
Center of gravity: The center of gravity of any object is the
point in the object around which its weight is evenly
distributed. If you could put a support under that point,
you could balance the object on the support.
Certified welder means a welder who meets nationally recognized certification requirements applicable to the task
being performed.
Climbing means the process in which a tower crane is raised
to a new working height, either by adding additional tower
sections to the top of the crane (top climbing), or by a system in which the entire crane is raised inside the structure
(inside climbing).
Come-a-long means a mechanical device typically consisting
of a chain or cable attached at each end that is used to
facilitate movement of materials through leverage.
Competent person means one who is capable of identifying
existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or
working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or
dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to
take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them.
Controlled load lowering means lowering a load by means of a
mechanical hoist drum device that allows a hoisted load to
be lowered with maximum control using the gear train or
hydraulic components of the hoist mechanism. Controlled
load lowering requires the use of the hoist drive motor,
rather than the load hoist brake, to lower the load.

Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. All rights reserved. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Rev0913

29

and ensure through communication with the operator that the applicable minimum approach distance is not breached. List means the angle of inclination about the longitudinal axis of a barge. load multiplied by radius. construction manager or any other legal entity which has the overall responsibility for the construction of the project—its planning.1401 Definitions Controlling entity means an employer that is a prime contractor. i. As used in this standard. pontoons. vessels. general contractor. Directly under the load means a part or all of an employee is directly beneath the load. positioning device systems or fall restraint systems. load multiplied by radius. or accepted by a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory in accordance with 29 CFR 1910. Fall protection equipment means guardrail systems. Equipment means equipment covered by this subpart. quality and completion. It compares this lifting condition to the equipment’s rated capacity. Counterweight means a weight used to supplement the weight of equipment in providing stability for lifting loads by counterbalancing those loads. This takes place at each flange of the drum as the rope is spooled onto the drum.§ 1926. Crossover points means locations on a wire rope which is spooled on a drum where one layer of rope climbs up on and crosses over the previous layer. and begins to wrap back in the opposite direction. Hoisting is the act of raising.. ‘‘hoisting’’ can be done by means other than wire rope/hoist drum equipment. Lights. These machines typically have the ability to both hoist the material that will be pile-driven and to pile-drive that material. Drum rotation indicator means a device on a crane or hoist which indicates in which direction and at what relative speed a particular hoist drum is turning. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. or buzzers may be incorporated as a warning of an approaching overload condition. bells. reaches the flange. is the same type of device as a boom stop but is for a fixed or luffing jib. and indicates to the operator the percentage of capacity at which the equipment is working. Dismantling includes partial dismantling (such as dismantling to shorten a boom or substitute a different component). The other components typically include a lanyard. or equipment makes contact or comes in close proximity with an energized conductor or equipment that allows the passage of current. personal fall arrest systems. connectors and other necessary equipment. Jib stop (also referred to as a jib backstop). object. i. The system is comprised of either a body belt or body harness. Dedicated pile-driver is a machine that is designed to function exclusively as a pile-driver. Include/including means ‘‘including. both uses refer to the object(s) and the loadattaching equipment. slings.. pontoons. For example means ‘‘one example. Encroachment is where any part of the crane. load line and load (including rigging and lifting accessories). Crawler crane means equipment that has a type of base mounting which incorporates a continuous belt of sprocket driven track. along with an anchorage.e. Load refers to the object(s) being hoisted and/or the weight of the object(s). labeled. pontoons. and may also include a lifeline and other devices.1428 (Signal person qualifications) must be met and his/her sole responsibility is to watch the separation between the power line and the equipment. Rev0913 . shackles. Fall zone means the area (including but not limited to the area directly beneath the load) in which it is reasonably foreseeable that partially or completely suspended materials could fall in the event of an accident. Crane/derrick includes all equipment covered by this subpart. and when the rated Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. but not limited to. vessel or other means of flotation. It compares this lifting condition to the equipment’s rated capacity. ropes. Equipment criteria means instructions. the requirements of § 1926. although there are others. Load moment (or rated capacity) indicator means a system which aids the equipment operator by sensing (directly or indirectly) the overturning moment on the equipment. vessel or other means of flotation. Floating cranes/derricks means equipment designed by the manufacturer (or employer) for marine use by permanent attachment to a barge. Land crane/derrick is equipment not originally designed by the manufacturer for marine use by permanent attachment to barges. recommendations. Load moment (or rated capacity) limiter means a system which aids the equipment operator by sensing (directly or indirectly) the overturning moment on the equipment. Employer-made equipment means floating cranes/derricks designed and built by an employer for the employer’s own use. Hoist means a mechanical device for lifting and lowering loads by winding a line onto or off a drum.’’ Free fall (of the load line) means that only the brake is used to regulate the descent of the load line (the drive mechanism is not used to drive the load down faster or retard its lowering). and any other ancillary attachment. Flange points are points of contact between rope and drum flange where the rope changes layers.7. safety net systems. Free surface effect is the uncontrolled transverse movement of liquids in compartments which reduce a vessel’s transverse stability. limitations and specifications. All rights reserved. Electrical contact occurs when a person. such as. Dedicated spotter (power lines): To be considered a dedicated spotter.e. 30 Fall restraint system means a fall protection system that prevents the user from falling any distance. or other means of flotation. lowering or otherwise moving a load in the air with equipment covered by this standard. Dedicated channel means a line of communication assigned by the employer who controls the communication system to only one signal person and crane/derrick or to a coordinated group of cranes/derricks/ signal person(s). load line or load (including rigging and lifting accessories) breaches a minimum clearance distance that this subpart requires to be maintained from a power line. the load block.’’ Insulating link/device means an insulating device listed.

or luffing in. or who by extensive knowledge.. jib (with a hook at the end) or jib used in conjunction with a winch.g. except that it limits the movement of the luffing jib. Qualified evaluator (third party) means an entity that. Typically. Nationally recognized accrediting agency is an organization that. Such devices do not include boatswain’s chairs when hoisted by equipment covered by this standard. semigantry. but are not limited to: Instructions. When configured with a winch pack.7. wheels. diagrams.§ 1926. but are not limited to. or professional standing. Overhead and gantry cranes includes overhead/bridge cranes. at least one of which allows it to hoist (by means of a winch or hook) and horizontally move a suspended load. cantilever gantry. switches. labeled. warnings. training and experience. it shuts off power to those equipment functions which can increase the severity of loading on the equipment. Locomotive crane means a crane mounted on a base or car equipped for travel on a railroad track. Such working conditions typically include a specific Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. it is not covered by this subpart. launching gantry cranes. irrespective of whether it travels on tracks. Rated capacity means the maximum working load permitted by the manufacturer under specified working conditions. Examples of such accrediting agencies include. on or above the water. jib (with a hook at the end) or jib used in conjunction with a winch. due to its independence and expertise. recommendations. For example. Paragraph refers to a paragraph in the same section of this subpart that the word ‘‘paragraph’’ is used. Pendants includes both wire and bar types. the work.’’ that is designed to protect the employees being hoisted during a marine transfer and to facilitate rapid entry into and exit from the device. because of the nature and condition of the materials used. telescoping in. lifeline.1401 Definitions capacity is reached. Luffing jib limiting device is similar to a boom hoist limiting device. Multi-purpose machine means a machine that is designed to be configured in various ways. or accepted by a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory in accordance with 29 CFR 1910. unless otherwise specified. Range control warning device is a device that can be set by an equipment operator to warn that the boom or jib tip is at a plane or multiple planes. lowering. hoist machinery. The gantry legs or columns usually have portal openings in between to allow passage of traffic beneath the gantry. Qualified person means a person who. pedals and other devices for controlling equipment operation. Bar type: Instead of wire rope. by possession of a recognized degree. Personal fall arrest system means a system used to arrest an employee in a fall from a working level. or suitable combination of these. Mobile crane means a lifting device incorporating a cable suspended latticed boom or hydraulic telescopic boom designed to be moved between operating locations by transport over the road. a body harness and may include a lanyard. the devices listed in § 1926. but are not limited to. Moving point-to-point means the times during which an employee is in the process of going to or from a work station. It consists of an anchorage. specifications. Nonconductive means that. it is covered by this subpart. the object in question has the property of not becoming energized (that is.1416 (‘‘listed operational aids’’). and similar equipment. When configured with the forks/tongs. is widely recognized as competent to accredit testing organizations. All rights reserved. or other means. such as a ‘‘transfer net.. Marine hoisted personnel transfer device means a device. Pendants are typically used in a latticed boom crane system to easily change the length of the boom suspension system without completely changing the rope on the drum when the boom length is increased or decreased. e. or luffing out. Qualified rigger is a rigger who meets the criteria for a qualified person. protocols and limitations. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. has demonstrated that it is competent in accurately assessing whether individuals meet the Qualification Requirements in this subpart for a signal person. and the conditions of use (including environmental conditions and condition of the material).g. e. Range control limit device is a device that can be set by an equipment operator to limit movement of the boom or jib tip to a plane or multiple planes. hoisting. a machine that can rotate and can be configured with removable forks/tongs (for use as a forklift) or with a winch pack. successfully demonstrated the ability to solve/ resolve problems relating to the subject matter. and boom mounted on top of a structural gantry which may be fixed in one location or have travel capability. those functions which decrease the severity of loading on the equipment remain operational. Rev0913 31 . a bar is used. deceleration device. Qualified evaluator (not a third party) means a person employed by the signal person’s employer who has demonstrated that he/she is competent in accurately assessing whether individuals meet the Qualification Requirements in this subpart for a signal person. Procedures include. Operator means a person who is operating the equipment. it has high dielectric properties offering a high resistance to the passage of current under the conditions of use). Portal crane is a type of crane consisting of a rotating upperstructure. storage bridge cranes. the National Commission for Certifying Agencies and the American National Standards Institute. telescoping out. Power lines means electric transmission and distribution lines. Operational aids are devices that assist the operator in the safe operation of the crane by providing information or automatically taking control of a crane function. wall cranes. or the project. Proximity alarm is a device that provides a warning of proximity to a power line and that has been listed. Marine worksite means a construction worksite located in. certificate. connectors. Operational controls means levers. Wire type: A fixed length of wire rope with mechanical fittings at both ends for pinning segments of wire rope together. due to its independence and expertise. These include.

utilities) if those hazards are identified in documents (such as site drawings. Upperstructure: See Upperworks. level surface designed. from the manufacturer. hook block. Section means a section of this subpart. vessel or other means of floatation. Stability (flotation device) means the tendency of a barge.§ 1926. (2) Inform the user of the equipment and the operator of the location of hazards beneath the equipment set-up area (such as voids. tanks. marsh buggies (in marshes/wetlands). the requirements in paragraph (b) of this section can be met. mats. with the use of suitable supporting materials/devices (if necessary). or similar supporting materials or devices. (b) The equipment must not be assembled or used unless ground conditions are firm. This binds the system and continued application of power can cause failure of the hoist rope or other component. The tower base may be fixed in one location or ballasted and moveable between locations. Mobile cranes that are configured with luffing jib and/or tower attachments are not considered tower cranes under this section. overhaul ball. Travel bogie (tower cranes) is an assembly of two or more axles arranged to permit vertical wheel displacement and equalize the loading on the wheels. cribbing. proximity of power lines). or similar component. An existing surface may be used as long as it meets these criteria. it can always rotate to swing loads. (f ) This section does not apply to cranes designed for use on railroad tracks when used on railroad tracks that are part of the general railroad system of transportation that is Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. Unavailable procedures means procedures that are no longer available from the manufacturer. when operating on a short cycle operation. Such as means ‘‘such as. lowering or transporting a load suspended on the load hook. used for lifting.’’ Wire rope means a flexible rope constructed by laying steel wires into various patterns of multi-wired strands around a core system to produce a helically wound rope. and soil analyses) that are in the possession of the controlling entity (whether at the site or off-site) or the hazards are otherwise known to that controlling entity. or have never been available. Tilt up or tilt down operation means raising/lowering a load from the horizontal to vertical or vertical to horizontal. Sideboom crane means a track-type or wheel-type tractor having a boom mounted on the side of the tractor. unless otherwise specified. Rated capacity limiter: See load moment limiter. fixed upper block or similar 32 component. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Rated capacity indicator: See load moment indicator. Two blocking means a condition in which a component that is uppermost on the hoist line such as the load block. in conjunction (if necessary) with the use of supporting materials. the rope being used on a single layer and being spooled repetitively over a short portion of the drum. (a) Definitions. (e) If the A/D director or the operator determines that ground conditions do not meet the requirements in paragraph (b) of this section. § 1926. Trim means angle of inclination about the transverse axis of a barge.1402 Ground conditions. Rev0913 . Runway means a firm. Standard Method means the protocol in Appendix A of this subpart for hand signals. All rights reserved. Repetitive pickup points refer to. comes in contact with the boom tip. (c) The controlling entity must: (1) Ensure that ground preparations necessary to meet the requirements in paragraph (b) of this section are provided. either by rotating on the top of the tower (top slewing) or by the rotation of the tower (bottom slewing). but not limited to. compaction. (d) If there is no controlling entity for the project. and graded to a sufficient extent so that. Upperworks means the revolving frame of equipment on which the operating machinery (and many cases the engine) are mounted along with the operator’s cab.1401 Definitions combination of factors such as equipment configuration. pontoons. The requirement for the ground to be drained does not apply to marshes/wetlands. Up to means ‘‘up to and including. boom length. Loads are suspended from the working boom. vessel or other means of flotation to return to an upright position after having been inclined by an external force. Tagline means a rope (usually fiber) attached to a lifted load for purposes of controlling load spinning and pendular motions or used to stabilize a bucket or magnet during material handling operations. the requirement in paragraph (c)(1) of this section must be met by the employer that has authority at the site to make or arrange for ground preparations needed to meet paragraph (b) of this section. The boom or hook can be lifted or lowered in a vertical direction only. drained. (1) ‘‘Ground conditions’’ means the ability of the ground to support the equipment (including slope. (2) ‘‘Supporting materials’’ means blocking. pontoons. While the working boom may be of the fixed type (horizontal or angled) or have luffing capability. and firmness). radii. that person’s employer must have a discussion with the controlling entity regarding the ground preparations that are needed so that. as-built drawings. The counterweight is typically supported on the rear of the upperstructure and the boom or other front end attachment is mounted on the front. and other parameters of use. Tower crane is a type of lifting structure which utilizes a vertical mast or tower to support a working boom (jib) in an elevated position. the equipment manufacturer’s specifications for adequate support and degree of level of the equipment are met.’’ Superstructure: See Upperworks. Special hazard warnings means warnings of site-specific hazards (for example. prepared and designated as a path of travel for the weight and configuration of the crane being used to lift and travel with the crane suspended platform. Tender means an individual responsible for monitoring and communicating with a diver. Running wire rope means a wire rope that moves over sheaves or drums.

Note: The employer must follow manufacturer procedures when an employer uses synthetic slings during assembly or disassembly rigging. (1) Assembly/disassembly must be directed by a person who meets the criteria for both a competent person and a qualified person. During all phases of assembly/disassembly. condition and method of stacking the blocking must be sufficient to sustain the loads and maintain stability. amount. before a crew member takes on a different task. (b) Knowledge of procedures. the A/D director must ensure that the crew members understand all of the following: (i) Their tasks. and (ii) Prevent dangerous movement and collapse.§ 1926. Where the employer demonstrates that site constraints require one or more employees to be under the boom. Site and ground conditions must be adequate for safe assembly/ disassembly operations and to support the equipment during assembly/ disassembly (see § 1926. or by a competent person who is assisted by one or more qualified persons (‘‘A/D director’’). that person must meet the criteria for both a competent person and a qualified person. or under the equipment. When assembling or disassembling equipment (or attachments). rated capacity limits for loads imposed on the equipment. (1) Before a crew member goes to a location that is out of view of the operator and is either in. which include: (1) Site and ground bearing conditions. (2) Blocking material. or other components. Employer procedures may be used only where the employer can demonstrate that the procedures used meet the requirements in § 1926. equipment components (including rigging). (5) Boom and jib pick points. (2) Where the operator knows that a crew member went to a location covered by paragraph (e)(1) of this section. or other components when pins (or similar devices) are being removed. When using an assist crane.1406. must not be exceeded for the equipment being assembled/ disassembled. (f ) Working under the boom. or near the equipment (or load) where the crew member could be injured by movement of the equipment (or load).1417(o)(3) before assembly/ disassembly begins. except where the requirements of paragraph (f )(2) of this section are met. (e) Protecting assembly/disassembly crew members out of operator view.) § 1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (ii) The hazards associated with their tasks.1402 for ground condition requirements). § 1926. (iii) The hazardous positions/ locations that they need to avoid. (2) During assembly/disassembly operations. the employer must comply with all applicable manufacturer prohibitions and must comply with either: (a) Manufacturer procedures applicable to assembly and disassembly. jib. lifting lugs and equipment accessories. (d) Crew instructions. (1) Before commencing assembly/ disassembly operations. the crew member must inform the operator that he/she is going to that location. The A/D director supervising the assembly/ disassembly operation must address the hazards associated with the operation. The size. (See Non-mandatory Appendix B of this subpart for an example. The point(s) of attachment of rigging to a boom (or boom sections or jib or jib sections) must be suitable for preventing structural damage and facilitating safe handling of these components.1404 Assembly/Disassembly— general requirements (applies to all assembly and disassembly operations). jib. (a) Supervision—competent-qualified person. the loads that will be imposed on the assist crane at each phase of assembly/disassembly must be verified in accordance with § 1926.1404(r). When used to support lattice booms or components. All rights reserved.1403 Assembly/Disassembly— selection of manufacturer or employer procedures. employees must not be under the boom. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. blocking must be appropriately placed to: (i) Protect the structural integrity of the equipment. (2) Exception. (i) The center of gravity of the load must be identified if that is necessary for the method used for maintaining stability. (6) Center of gravity. that person is considered the A/D director. or when adding new personnel during the operations.1404 Assembly/Disassembly—general requirements regulated pursuant to the Federal Railroad Administration under 49 CFR part 213 and that comply with applicable Federal Railroad Administration requirements. jib or other components. if any). (1) When pins (or similar devices) are being removed. on. the requirements in paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (d)(1)(iii) of this section must be met. For purposes of this standard. the operator must not move any part of the equipment (or load) until the operator is informed in accordance with a pre-arranged system of communication that the crew member is in a safe position. Rev0913 33 . (4) Verifying assist crane loads. (See § 1926. The A/D director must review the applicable assembly/disassembly procedures immediately prior to the commencement of assembly/ disassembly unless the A/D director understands the procedures and has applied them to the same type and configuration of equipment (including accessories. or (b) Employer procedures for assembly and disassembly.) (g) Capacity limits. The A/D director must understand the applicable assembly/disassembly procedures. (3) Proper location of blocking. (2) Where the assembly/disassembly is being performed by only one person. (c) Review of procedures. (h) Addressing specific hazards. the A/D director must implement procedures that minimize the risk of unintended dangerous movement and minimize the duration and extent of exposure under the boom.

the selection and configuration of components. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Where these are unavailable. (r) Rigging. and configurations that could cause a reduction of the sling’s rated capacity. where the outrigger or stabilizer is designed without a jack. when rigging is used for assembly/ disassembly.1412(c) for post-assembly inspection requirements). Manufacturer limitations on the maximum amount of boom supported only by cantilevering must not be exceeded. in writing. which must not be exceeded. (k) Weight of components. and when attaching or removing equipment components. In addition to following the requirements in 29 CFR 1926. Each time reliance is to be placed on the boom hoist brake to prevent boom movement during assembly/ disassembly. This provision does not apply to stabilizers. (See Non-mandatory Appendix B of this subpart for an example. (2) The outriggers must be set to remove the equipment weight from the wheels. and configuration of the equipment. Where these are unavailable. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (n) [Reserved. (p) Pile driving. Note: Requirements for the protection of wire rope slings are contained in 29 CFR 1926. a registered professional engineer familiar with the type of equipment involved must determine in writing this limitation.] (m) Components and configuration. (10) Boom hoist brake failure. links. except for locomotive cranes (see paragraph (q)(6) of this section for use of outriggers on locomotive cranes). and components must be rigged or supported to maintain stability upon the removal of the pins. the manufacturer’s procedures must be followed. When stabilizer floats are used. when using outriggers or stabilizers to handle loads. measures designed to prevent unintended dangerous movement resulting from an inaccurate identification of the center of gravity must be used. if manufacturer procedures permit. or another method of preventing dangerous movement of the boom (such as blocking or using an assist crane) from a boom hoist brake failure must be used. The boom sections. If it is not sufficient. all of the following requirements must be met (except as otherwise indicated): (1) The outriggers or stabilizers must be either fully extended or. (8) Snagging. limitations. (ii) Be placed only under the outrigger or stabilizer float/pad of the jack or. or at any time when outriggers or stabilizers are used. The potential for unintended movement from inadequately supported counterweights and from hoisting counterweights. the synthetic sling manufacturer’s instructions.1434 (Equipment modifications).) (7) Stability upon pin removal. a boom hoist pawl. and specifications. Upon completion of assembly. travel. (3) When synthetic slings are used. deployed as specified in the load chart. The weight of each of the components must be readily available. Backward stability before swinging the upperworks. (i) [Reserved. Suspension ropes and pendants must not be allowed to catch on the boom or jib connection pins or cotter pins (including keepers and locking pins). the employer must ensure that: (1) The rigging work is done by a qualified rigger. other locking device/back-up braking device. specifications and recommendations must be followed. (12) Wind speed and weather.251(c)(9). (11) Loss of backward stability. Reusable shipping pins.251 and other requirements in this and other standards applicable to rigging. under the outer bearing surface of the extended outrigger or stabilizer beam. (6) For locomotive cranes. sharp or acute edges.§ 1926. When the load to be handled and the operating radius require the use of outriggers or stabilizers. (1) The selection of components. such as distortion or localized compression. they must be attached to the stabilizers. they must be attached to the outriggers. (q) Outriggers and Stabilizers. (3) When outrigger floats are used.] 34 (o) Shipping pins. Once they are removed they must either be stowed or otherwise stored so that they do not present a falling object hazard. (9) Struck by counterweights. straps. the brake must be tested prior to such reliance to determine if it is sufficient to prevent boom movement. the manufacturer’s procedures must be met regarding truck wedges or screws. When lifting loads without using outriggers or stabilizers. and similar equipment must be removed. (4) Each outrigger or stabilizer must be visible to the operator or to a signal person during extension and setting. limitations. (l) [Reserved. or (ii) Approved modifications that meet the requirements of § 1926. prohibitions. (5) Outrigger and stabilizer blocking must: (i) Meet the requirements in paragraphs (h)(2) and (h) (3) of this section. Rev0913 . Equipment used for pile driving must not have a jib attached during pile driving operations. a registered professional engineer familiar with the type of equipment involved must approve.1404 Assembly/Disassembly—general requirements (ii) Where there is insufficient information to accurately identify the center of gravity. The effect of wind speed and weather on the equipment. that affect the capacity or safe operation of the equipment must be in accordance with: (i) Manufacturer instructions. (2) Post-assembly inspection. (2) Synthetic slings are protected from: Abrasive. boom suspension systems (such as gantry A-frames and jib struts). the equipment must be inspected to ensure compliance with paragraph (m)(1) of this section (see § 1926. All rights reserved.] (j) Cantilevered boom sections.

(2) Provide adequate support and stability of all parts of the equipment. or load (including rigging and lifting accessories). (3) At least one of the following additional measures must be in place. Dismantling (including dismantling for changing the length of ) booms and jibs. a clearly visible line of stanchions. a set of clearly visible line-of-sight landmarks (such as a fence post behind the dedicated spotter and a building corner ahead of the dedicated spotter).1407 Power line safety (up to 350 kV)—assembly and disassembly. (d) None of the top pins on boom sections located on the cantilevered portion of the boom being removed (the portion being removed ahead of the pendant attachment points) are to be removed (partly or completely) until the cantilevered section to be removed is fully supported. or Option (3) of this section. (2) If tag lines are used. Option (2). gets closer to the line than the minimum clearance distance. All rights reserved. The additional measures are: (i) Use a dedicated spotter who is in continuous contact with the equipment operator. gets closer than 20 feet to the power line by implementing the measures specified in paragraph (b) of this section. (3) Position employees involved in the assembly/disassembly operation so that their exposure to unintended movement or collapse of part or all of the equipment is minimized. or load (including rigging and lifting accessories). (B) Be positioned to effectively gauge the clearance distance. Rev0913 35 . (b) Qualified person. load line. (i) Determine the line’s voltage and the minimum clearance distance permitted under Table A (see § 1926. (b) Preventing encroachment/ electrocution. load line. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. The measure selected from this list must be effective in preventing encroachment. (a) None of the pins in the pendants are to be removed (partly or completely) when the pendants are in tension. If so. (C) Where necessary. in the direction or area of assembly/ disassembly. (ii) A proximity alarm set to give the operator sufficient warning to prevent encroachment. use equipment that enables the dedicated spotter to communicate directly with the operator. operator. § 1926. Examples of a visual aid include. as follows: (1) Option (1)—Deenergize and ground.§ 1926.1406 Assembly/Disassembly— employer procedures—general requirements. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. then the employer must follow the requirements in paragraph (b) of this section to ensure that no part of the equipment. but are not limited to: A clearly visible line painted on the ground. assembly/ disassembly crew and the other workers who will be in the assembly/ disassembly area to review the location of the power line(s) and the steps that will be implemented to prevent encroachment/electrocution. the employer must determine if any part of the equipment. they must be nonconductive. such as a range control warning device. the employer must ensure that the procedures: (1) Prevent unintended dangerous movement. (a) Before assembling or disassembling equipment. If so. (2) Option (2)—20 foot clearance. (3) Option (3)—Table A clearance.1408). or Option (3) of this section. and prevent collapse.1405 Disassembly—additional requirements for dismantling of booms and jibs (applies to both the use of manufacturer procedures and employer procedures). Such a device must be set to give the operator sufficient warning to prevent encroachment. all of the following requirements must be met: (1) Conduct a planning meeting with the Assembly/Disassembly director (A/D director). (iv) A device that automatically limits range of movement. load line. The dedicated spotter must: (A) Be equipped with a visual aid to assist in identifying the minimum clearance distance. (b) None of the pins (top or bottom) on boom sections located between the pendant attachment points and the crane/derrick body are to be removed (partly or completely) when the pendants are in tension. could get closer than the minimum clearance distance to the power line permitted under Table A (see § 1926.1407 Power line safety (up to 350 kV)—assembly and disassembly § 1926.1408). Confirm from the utility owner/ operator that the power line has been deenergized and visibly grounded at the worksite. closer than 20 feet to a power line during the assembly/ disassembly process. load line or load (including rigging and lifting accessories). (iii) A device that automatically warns the operator when to stop movement. (D) Give timely information to the operator so that the required clearance distance can be maintained. (ii) Determine if any part of the equipment. set to prevent encroachment. Employer procedures must be developed by a qualified person. Where encroachment precautions are required under Option (2). (a) When using employer procedures instead of manufacturer procedures for assembly/disassembly. § 1926. the employer must meet the requirements in Option (1). Ensure that no part of the equipment. (c) None of the pins (top or bottom) on boom sections located between the uppermost boom section and the crane/ derrick body are to be removed (partly or completely) when the boom is being supported by the uppermost boom section resting on the ground (or other support). or load (including rigging and lifting accessories) could get. of any part of the equipment.

load line. gets closer than 20 feet to 36 the power line by implementing the measures specified in paragraph (b) of this section. (B) Be positioned to effectively gauge the clearance distance. (3) Erect and maintain an elevated warning line.§ 1926. as follows: (i) Option (1)—Deenergize and ground. or (ii) Defining the work zone as the area 360 degrees around the equipment. (e) Voltage information. Where this measure is selected. gets closer to the line than the minimum approach distance. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. a clearly visible line of stanchions. the employer must: (1) Identify the work zone by either: (i) Demarcating boundaries (such as with flags. (4) Implement at least one of the following measures: (i) A proximity alarm set to give the operator sufficient warning to prevent encroachment. but are not limited to: A clearly visible line painted on the ground. a dedicated spotter must be used as described in § 1926. (b) Preventing encroachment/electrocution. whether partially or fully assembled. is allowed below a power line unless the employer has confirmed that the utility owner/operator has deenergized and (at the worksite) visibly grounded the power line. use equipment that enables the dedicated spotter to communicate directly with the operator. All rights reserved. or a device such as a range limit device or range control warning device) and prohibiting the operator from operating the equipment past those boundaries. Where encroachment precautions are required under Option (2) or Option (3) of this section. load line or load (including rigging and lifting accessories).1408) to a power line unless the employer has confirmed that the utility owner/ operator has deenergized and (at the worksite) visibly grounded the power line.1408(b)(4)(ii) in addition to implementing one of the measures described in §§ 1926. Confirm from the utility owner/ operator that the power line has been deenergized and visibly grounded at the worksite. at 20 feet from the power line (if using Option (2) of this section) or at the minimum approach distance under Table A (see § 1926. is allowed closer than the minimum approach distance under Table A (see § 1926. (A) Determine the line’s voltage and the minimum approach distance permitted under Table A (see § 1926. There must be at least one electrocution hazard warning conspicuously posted in the cab so that it is in view of the operator and (except for overhead gantry and tower cranes) at least two on the outside of the equipment. or load (including rigging and lifting accessories). load line. in view of the operator. (C) Where necessary. could get closer than the minimum approach distance of the power line permitted under Table A (see § 1926. and the steps that will be implemented to prevent encroachment/ electrocution. while operating up to the equipment’s maximum working radius in the work zone. Option (2). Where Option (3) of this section is used. Examples of a visual aid include. whether partially or fully assembled. the employer must meet the requirements in Option (1). they must be non-conductive. barricade. load line. all of the following requirements must be met: (1) Conduct a planning meeting with the operator and the other workers who will be in the area of the equipment or load to review the location of the power line(s). or load (including rigging and lifting accessories). or load (including rigging and lifting accessories). If so.1408). or line of signs. the utility owner/operator of the power lines must provide the requested voltage information within two working days of the employer’s request. (B) Determine if any part of the equipment. No part of a crane/derrick. could get closer than 20 feet to a power line. equipped with flags or similar high-visibility markings.1408). NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. or load (including rigging and lifting accessories). (d) Assembly/disassembly inside Table A clearance prohibited. the dedicated spotter must: (A) Be equipped with a visual aid to assist in identifying the minimum clearance distance. equipped with flags or similar high-visibility markings. (a) Hazard assessments and precautions inside the work zone. (D) Give timely information to the operator so that the required clearance distance can be maintained.1408) (if using Option (3) of this section).1408(b)(4)(i). Rev0913 . (ii) A dedicated spotter who is in continuous contact with the operator. No part of a crane/derrick. in view of the operator. (iii). or line of signs.1408 Power line safety (up to 350 kV)—equipment operations. (c) Assembly/disassembly below power lines prohibited. (iii) Option (3)—Table A clearance. barricade. load line or load (including rigging and lifting accessories). (2) If tag lines are used. If the operator is unable to see the elevated warning line. load line. Ensure that no part of the equipment. § 1926. (g) Posting of electrocution warnings. or Option (3) of this section. The employer must assume that all power lines are energized unless the utility owner/operator confirms that the power line has been and continues to be deenergized and visibly grounded at the worksite. if operated up to the equipment’s maximum working radius in the work zone. (f ) Power lines presumed energized. (iv) and (v).1407 Power line safety (up to 350 kV)—assembly and disassembly (v) An elevated warning line. then the employer must follow the requirements in paragraph (b) of this section to ensure that no part of the equipment. up to the equipment’s maximum working radius. (ii) Option (2)—20 foot clearance. Before beginning equipment operations. a set of clearly visible line-of-sight landmarks (such as a fence post behind the dedicated spotter and a building corner ahead of the dedicated spotter). (2) Determine if any part of the equipment. If so.

(F) Safe clearance distance from power lines. (d) Operations below power lines. (3) Training under this section must be administered in accordance with § 1926.1415). would be more than 20 feet below the plane of the power line or more than the Table A of this section minimum clearance distance below the plane of the power line. (1) The employer must train each operator and crew member assigned to work with the equipment on all of the following: (i) The procedures to be followed in the event of electrical contact with a power line. load line. (iv) The limitations of an insulating link/device. All rights reserved. if used. with the boom at true vertical. The employer must assume that all power lines are energized unless the utility owner/operator confirms that the power line has been and continues to be deenergized and visibly grounded at the worksite. Such training must include: (A) Information regarding the danger of electrocution from the operator simultaneously touching the equipment and the ground. (iv) The employer demonstrates that compliance with paragraph (d)(1) of this section is infeasible and meets the requirements of § 1926. (B) The importance to the operator’s safety of remaining inside the cab except where there is an imminent danger of fire. (c) Voltage information.1401. set to prevent encroachment. including training on the applicable requirements of this section. as defined in § 1926. (D) The danger of the potentially energized zone around the equipment (step potential). operational aid. at true vertical. (g) Training. (iii) For equipment with articulating or extensible booms: The uppermost part of the equipment. (2) If tag lines are used. except where one of the exceptions in paragraph (d)(2) of this section applies. (h) Devices originally designed by the manufacturer for use as: A safety device (see § 1926. (ii) Power lines are presumed to be energized unless the utility owner/operator confirms that the power line has been and continues to be deenergized and visibly grounded at the worksite (iii) Power lines are presumed to be uninsulated unless the utility owner/operator or a registered engineer who is a qualified person with respect to electrical power transmission and distribution confirms that a line is insulated. (2) Exceptions. (2) Employees working as dedicated spotters must be trained to enable them to effectively perform their task.1408 Power line safety (up to 350 kV)—equipment operations (iii) A device that automatically warns the operator when to stop movement. or a means to prevent power line contact or electrocution. the transmitter must be deenergized or the following precautions must be taken: (1) The equipment must be provided with an electrical ground. with the boom in the fully extended position. must meet the manufacturer’s procedures for use and conditions of use. (v) The procedures to be followed to properly ground equipment and the limitations of grounding. when used to comply with this section. they must be non-conductive. Such a device must be set to give the operator sufficient warning to prevent encroachment. (ii) For equipment with non-extensible booms: The uppermost part of the equipment. (1) No part of the equipment. Rev0913 37 . Paragraph (d)(1) of this section is inapplicable where the employer demonstrates that one of the following applies: (i) The work is covered by subpart V of this part. such as a range control warning device. (C) The safest means of evacuating from equipment that may be energized.§ 1926.1410. Where Option (3) of this section is used. and range control (and similar) device. (5) The requirements of paragraph (b)(4) of this section do not apply to work covered by subpart V of this part.1430(g). or other emergency that necessitates leaving the cab. explosion. the utility owner/operator of the power lines must provide the requested voltage information within two working days of the employer’s request. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (iv) A device that automatically limits range of movement. would be more than 20 feet below the plane of the power line or more than the Table A of this section minimum clearance distance below the plane of the power line. (v) An insulating link/device. installed at a point between the end of the load line (or below) and the load. or load (including rigging and lifting accessories) is allowed below a power line unless the employer has confirmed that the utility owner/ operator has deenergized and (at the worksite) visibly grounded the power line. (f ) When working near transmitter/ communication towers where the equipment is close enough for an electrical charge to be induced in the equipment or materials being handled. proximity alarm. (E) The need for crew in the area to avoid approaching or touching the equipment and the load. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (e) Power lines presumed energized.

.. (iv) Give timely information to the operator so that the required clearance distance can be maintained.. but are not limited to: Conditions affecting atmospheric conductivity.. 10 over 50 to 200.. for such work.1408.. the minimum clearance distances specified in § 1926. the automatic reclosing feature of the circuit interrupting device must be made inoperative if the design of the device permits. Examples of a visual aid include.. this provision does not apply to work covered by subpart V of this part. and (b) For power lines over 1000 kV. instead.... but are not limited to: A line painted on the ground.269(p)(4)(iii) (B) or (C) may be substituted for the requirement in (d)(4)(i) of this section.. At a minimum these procedures must include: (1) If the power line is equipped with a device that automatically reenergizes the circuit in the event of a power line contact. Rev0913 ...... it is infeasible to deenergize and ground the power line or relocate the power line.. (2) A dedicated spotter who is in continuous contact with the operator. excluding equipment operators located on the equipment.... (1) The power line owner/operator or registered professional engineer who is a qualified person with respect to electrical power transmission and distribution determines the minimum clearance distance that must be maintained to prevent electrical contact in light of the on-site conditions. Employers engaged in subpart V work are permitted to work closer than the distances in § 1926... over 50 to 200 means up to and including 200kV....1410 Power line safety (all voltages)—equipment operations closer than the Table A zone.. (d) A planning meeting with the employer and utility owner/ operator (or registered professional engineer who is a qualified person with respect to electrical power transmission and distribution) is held to determine the procedures that will be followed to prevent electrical contact and electrocution.950 Table V–1 apply. § 1926..... and load (including rigging and lifting accessories) to a complete stop. However. (4) Insulating link/device. The dedicated spotter must: (i) Be equipped with a visual aid to assist in identifying the minimum clearance distance... (iv) Until November 8.. (as established by the utility owner/operator or registered professional engineer who is a qualified person with respect to electrical power and distribution. 20 over 350 to 500. the minimum clearance distance must be established by the utility owner/ operator or registered professional engineer who is a qualified person with respect to electrical power transmission and distribution..1407 and § 1926. 35 over 750 to 1.000...... (ii) Be positioned to effectively gauge the clearance distance..... (ii) For work covered by subpart V of this part. 2011. lighting conditions..... or barricade (not attached to the crane)...) Note: The value that follows “to” is up to and includes that value..1408 Power line safety (up to 350 kV)—equipment operations TABLE A—MINIMUM CLEARANCE DISTANCES Voltage (nominal..... in view of the operator (either directly or through video equipment)..... NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.. to prevent electrical contact.. The requirements of § 1926.... (iii) Where necessary.... (b) The employer determines that.. (c) Minimum clearance distance.. (2) Paragraph (c)(1) of this section does not apply to work covered by subpart V of this part..... equipped with flags or similar high-visibility markings. The factors that must be considered in making this determination include.. § 1926.. (3) An elevated warning line.. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators..... load line..... 15 over 200 to 350....... a set of clearly visible line-of-sight landmarks (such as a fence post behind the dedicated spotter and a building corner ahead of the dedicated spotter). the distance ‘‘50 feet’’ must be substituted...1408 apply to power lines over 350 kV except: (a) For power lines at or below 1000 kV.. (iii) For work covered by subpart V of this part involving operations where use of an insulating link/device is infeasible. 25 over 500 to 750. after consultation with the utility owner/operator...950 Table V–1 where both the requirements of this section and § 1926....... the requirement in paragraph (d)(4)(i) of this section applies only when working inside the § 1926.. wind conditions..§ 1926....... wherever the distance ‘‘20 feet’’ is specified.. before the work begins.000. or load (including rigging and lifting accessories) is closer than the minimum approach distance under Table A of § 1926.. time necessary to bring the equipment... load line...1409 Power line safety (over 350 kV).. the following procedure may be substituted for the requirement in paragraph (d)(4)(i) of this section: All employees.. Equipment operations in which any part of the equipment.950 Table V–1 clearance distances. use equipment that enables the dedicated spotter to communicate directly with the operator. alternating current) Minimum clearance distance (feet) up to 50... For example...... 45 over 1.. degree of sway in the 38 power line...952(c)(3)(i) or (ii) are met. the requirements of § 1910...1408 to an energized power line is prohibited.. except where the employer demonstrates that all of the following requirements are met: (a) The employer determines that it is infeasible to do the work without breaching the minimum approach distance under Table A of § 1926.. kV.. (i) An insulating link/device installed at a point between the end of the load line (or below) and the load.. and other conditions affecting the ability to prevent electrical contact... All rights reserved... a clearly visible line of stanchions..

§ 1926. operational aid.1411 Power line safety—while traveling under or near power lines with no load. Insulating gloves rated for the voltage involved are adequate additional means of protection for the purposes of this paragraph. (10) Only personnel essential to the operation are permitted to be in the area of the crane and load. the employer must ensure that a dedicated spotter who Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (l) [Reserved. the load line. the load line. or the load must be insulated or guarded from the equipment. (5) Nonconductive rigging if the rigging may be within the Table A of § 1926. (7) If a tag line is used. who may come in contact with the equipment. (6) If the equipment is equipped with a device that automatically limits range of movement. the load line. the load line. the employer must safely stop operations and either develop new procedures to comply with paragraph (d) of this section or have the utility owner/ operator deenergize and visibly ground or relocate the power line before resuming work. the barricade must be as far from the equipment as feasible.1408 distance during the operation. that meets the definition of an insulating link/device. 2011. and the load. All rights reserved. excluding equipment operators located on the equipment. In areas where obstacles prevent the barricade from being at least 10 feet away. (v) Until November 8. (f ) The equipment user and utility owner/operator (or registered professional engineer) meet with the equipment operator and the other workers who will be in the area of the equipment or load to review the procedures that will be implemented to prevent breaching the minimum approach distance established in paragraph (c) of this section and prevent electrocution. (h) The utility owner/operator (or registered professional engineer) and all employers of employees involved in the work must identify one person who will direct the implementation of the procedures. 2013. 1926. when used to comply with this section. who may come in contact with the equipment. (k) Devices originally designed by the manufacturer for use as a safety device (see § 1926. (8) Barricades forming a perimeter at least 10 feet away from the equipment to prevent unauthorized personnel from entering the work area. or the load must be insulated or guarded from the equipment. or indicating that those procedures are inadequate to prevent electrocution. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. The person identified in accordance with this paragraph must direct the implementation of the procedures and must have the authority to stop work at any time to ensure safety. (a) This section establishes procedures and criteria that must be met for equipment traveling under or near a power line on a construction site with no load. Operators remotely operating the equipment from the ground must use either wireless controls that isolate the operator from the equipment or insulating mats that insulate the operator from the ground.1408(g).1409 or 1926.] (j) If a problem occurs implementing the procedures being used to comply with paragraph (d) of this section. (2) The clearances specified in Table T of this section are maintained. (i) [Reserved. Equipment traveling on a construction site with a load is governed by §§ 1926. or load (including rigging and lifting accessories) from breaching the minimum approach distance established under paragraph (c) of this section. (4) Dedicated spotter. except that it has not been approved by a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory. it must be of the nonconductive type. must comply with the manufacturer’s procedures for use and conditions of use. (9) Workers other than the operator must be prohibited from touching the load line above the insulating link/ device and crane. load line. and (B) All employees.1410.1415). and is installed at a point between the end of the load line (or below) and the load. Insulating gloves rated for the voltage involved are adequate insulation for the purposes of this paragraph.1411 Power line safety—while traveling under or near power lines with no load. and § 1926. the following procedure may be substituted for the requirement in (d)(4)(i) of this section: (A) The employer must use a link/ device manufactured on or before November 8. If any part of the equipment while traveling will get closer than 20 feet to the power line. whichever is appropriate. (b) The employer must ensure that: (1) The boom/mast and boom/mast support system are lowered sufficiently to meet the requirements of this paragraph. or a means to prevent power line contact or electrocution. and the load through an additional means other than the device described in paragraph (d)(4)(v)(A) of this section. (12) Insulating line hose or cover-up must be installed by the utility owner/ operator except where such devices are unavailable for the line voltages involved. (3) The effects of speed and terrain on equipment movement (including movement of the boom/mast) are considered so that those effects do not cause the minimum clearance distances specified in Table T of this section to be breached.1417(u). Rev0913 39 . (e) The procedures developed to comply with paragraph (d) of this section are documented and immediately available on-site. it must be used and set to prevent any part of the equipment.] (m) The employer must train each operator and crew member assigned to work with the equipment in accordance with § 1926. § 1926. and that is maintained and used in accordance with manufacturer requirements and recommendations. (11) The equipment must be properly grounded.1408. (g) The procedures developed to comply with paragraph (d) of this section are implemented.

. (5) Additional precautions for traveling in poor visibility. If an RPE is needed.. (1) Equipment that has had modifications or additions which affect the safe operation of the equipment (such as modifications or additions involving a safety device or operational aid. (b) Repaired/adjusted equipment. the employer must ensure that they are developed by an RPE.. (4) Equipment must not be used until an inspection under this paragraph demonstrates that the repair/adjustment meets the requirements of paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section (or.. The inspection must meet all of the following requirements: (i) The qualified person must determine if the repair/ adjustment meets manufacturer equipment criteria (where applicable and available). load-sustaining structural components. load-sustaining structural components.. 10 over 345 to 750. Taking apart equipment components and booming down is not required as part of this inspection unless the results of the visual inspection or trial operation indicate that further investigation necessitating taking apart equipment components or booming down Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.. (iii) The inspection must include functional testing of the repaired/ adjusted parts and other components that may be affected by the repair/adjustment... (1) Equipment that has had a repair or adjustment that relates to safe operation (such as: A repair or adjust40 ment to a safety device or operator aid. braking system.. prior to initial use. When traveling at night.. (B) Determine if the repair/adjustment meets the criteria developed in accordance with paragraph (b)(1)(ii)(A) of this section... (3) Equipment must not be used until an inspection under this paragraph demonstrates that the equipment is configured in accordance with the applicable criteria.75.. (a) Modified equipment. the employer must ensure that the criteria are developed by the qualified person. TABLE T—MINIMUM CLEARANCE DISTANCES WHILE TRAVELING WITH NO LOAD Voltage (nominal... the employer must ensure that: (i) The power lines are illuminated or another means of identifying the location of the lines is used..... in addition to the measures specified in paragraphs (b)(1) through (4) of this section. load hook.. a qualified person must: (i) Determine if a registered professional engineer (RPE) familiar with the type of equipment involved is needed to develop criteria for the equipment configuration. If an RPE is not needed. (c) Post-assembly...... (as established by the utility owner/operator or registered professional engineer who is a qualified person with respect to electrical power and distribution.. is in continuous contact with the driver/operator is used... load hook............... If an RPE is not needed..... (ii) Where manufacturer equipment criteria are unavailable or inapplicable.75 to 50.... kV.1434 (Equipment modifications)....... The inspection must consist of observation for apparent deficiencies. which must be completed before or during that shift.. The inspection must meet all of the following requirements: (i) The inspection must assure that the modifications or additions have been done in accordance with the approval obtained pursuant to § 1926.. the employer must ensure that the criteria are developed by the qualified person.... (iii) Give timely information to the operator so that the required clearance distance can be maintained... the qualified person must: (A) Determine if a registered professional engineer (RPE) is needed to develop criteria for the repair/ adjustment... or in-use operating mechanism) or capacity must be inspected by a qualified person after such modifications/additions have been completed.......§ 1926. All rights reserved... or to a critical part of a control system.. 4 over . (ii) Determine if the equipment meets the criteria developed in accordance with paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section. power plant. The dedicated spotter must: (i) Be positioned to effectively gauge the clearance distance. (2) Equipment must not be used until an inspection under this paragraph demonstrates that the requirements of paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section have been met..) § 1926... (ii) Where necessary... 6 over 50 to 345.. braking system... power plant.. If an RPE is needed.000. or in-use operating mechanism)... (d) Each shift... use equipment that enables the dedicated spotter to communicate directly with the operator....... (ii) The inspection must include functional testing of the equipment... or in conditions of poor visibility.. must be inspected by a qualified person after such a repair or adjustment has been completed. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (2) Where manufacturer equipment criteria are unavailable. where applicable.. (ii) A safe path of travel is identified and used.. the equipment must be inspected by a qualified person to assure that it is configured in accordance with manufacturer equipment criteria...1412 Inspections. 20 over 1. paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section). 16 over 750 to 1.... prior to initial use. alternating current) Minimum clearance distance (feet) up to 0. critical part of a control system....000... (1) A competent person must begin a visual inspection prior to each shift the equipment will be used..1411 Power line safety—while traveling under or near power lines with no load... the employer must ensure that they are developed by an RPE.... Rev0913 ... (1) Upon completion of assembly......

Disassembly is required. (iv) Brake and clutch system parts. (2) In addition. failed or significantly corroded. or damage such as from chemicals or heat. to complete the inspection. (x) Ground conditions around the equipment for proper support. breaks. (ii) This document must be retained for a minimum of three months. At a minimum the inspection must include all of the following: (i) Control mechanisms for maladjustments interfering with proper operation. the equipment must be inspected by a qualified person. cracked. (vii) Wire rope.1412 Inspections is needed. cracks.1417. rail stops. rail clamps and supporting surfaces when the equipment has rail traveling. brakes. (v) Safety devices and operational aids for proper operation (including significant inaccuracies). an immediate determination must be made by the competent person as to whether the deficiency constitutes a safety hazard. This paragraph does not apply to the inspection of ground conditions for railroad tracks and their underlying support when the railroad tracks are part of the general railroad system of transportation that is regulated pursuant to the Federal Railroad Administration under 49 CFR part 213.1413(a). (viii) Electrical apparatus for malfunctioning.1416 must be taken prior to using the equipment. (vi) Wire rope reeving for compliance with the manufacturer’s specifications. in accordance with § 1926. (v) Hooks and latches for deformation. (i) The following information must be documented and maintained by the employer that conducts the inspection: (A) The items checked and the results of the inspection. (B) Bolts. (2) If any deficiency in paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (xiii) of this section (or in additional inspection items required to be checked for specific types of equipment in accordance with other sections of this standard) is identified. (xiv) Safety devices and operational aids for proper operation. electric. or significantly corroded. (ix) Tires (when in use) for proper inflation and condition. ground water accumulation. (vi) Gasoline. (iv) Hydraulic system for proper fluid level. if equipped. and locking devices. cracks or significant wear. or other deficiencies that would hamper the operator’s view. water or other foreign matter. signs of apparent excessive deterioration. Determinations made in conducting the inspection must be reassessed in light of observations made during operation. (e) Monthly.1415 and § 1926. diesel. both before each shift and after each move and setup. (B) The name and signature of the person who conducted the inspection and the date. at least every 12 months. (3) If any deficiency in paragraph (d)(1)(xiv) of this section (safety devices/operational aids) is identified. If the deficiency is determined to constitute a safety hazard. (f ) (5). linings. rail stops. and other pressurized lines for deterioration or leakage. All rights reserved. excessive wear. (iii) Parts such as pins. (ii) Control and drive mechanisms for apparent excessive wear of components and contamination by lubricants. the action specified in § 1926. (1) Each month the equipment is in service it must be inspected in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section (each shift). This paragraph does not apply to the inspection of rails. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. or other power plants for safety-related problems (such as leaking exhaust and emergency shut-down feature) and conditions. rail clamps and supporting surfaces when the railroad tracks are part of the general railroad system of transportation that is regulated pursuant to the Federal Railroad Administration under 49 CFR part 213. rivets and other fasteners: loose. the equipment must be taken out of service until it has been corrected. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (ii) Sheaves and drums for cracks or significant wear. (vii) Chains and chain drive sprockets for excessive wear of sprockets and excessive chain stretch. (3) Documentation. particularly those which flex in normal operation. (1) At least every 12 months the equipment must be inspected by a qualified person in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section (each shift) except that the corrective action set forth in paragraphs (f )(4). shafts. (2) Equipment must not be used until an inspection under this paragraph demonstrates that no corrective action under paragraphs (d)(2) and (3) of this section is required. hydraulic. (xii) Operator cab windows for significant cracks. and proper operation. and (f )(6) of this section must apply in place of the corrective action required by paragraphs (d)(2) and (d) (3) of this section. pawls and ratchets for excessive wear. as necessary. for proper operation. (f ) Annual/comprehensive. (xiii) Rails. including ground settling under and around outriggers/stabilizers and supporting foundations. See § 1926. (viii) Travel steering. (xi) The equipment for level position within the tolerances specified by the equipment manufacturer’s recommendations. or similar conditions.§ 1926. The equipment must be inspected for all of the following: (i) Equipment structure (including the boom and. (iii) Air. Rev0913 41 . dirt or moisture accumulation. bearings. rollers and locking devices for distortion. gears. (C) Welds for cracks. the jib): (A) Structural members: Deformed.

shock loading that may have exceeded rated capacity. the equipment must be taken out of service until it has been corrected. (C) Valve housing cracks. (h) Equipment not in regular use. (C) Outer covering of the hose for blistering. or dents. or fitting for indications of excessive abrasion or scrubbing. See § 1926. (ii) The name and signature of the person who conducted the inspection and the date. The following information must be documented. load-sustaining structural components. 42 though not yet a safety hazard. Rev0913 . during the applicable document retention period. fittings and tubing. (xiii) Hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders. and leaks. maintained. (7) Documentation of annual/ comprehensive inspection. it must be followed).1416(d) or § 1926. (D) Relief valves: Failure to reach correct pressure (if there is a manufacturer procedure for checking pressure. (xviii) Originally equipped operator seat (or equivalent): Missing. (xii) Hydraulic and pneumatic valves. prolonged exposure to a corrosive atmosphere). if so. (xvii) Warning labels and decals originally supplied with the equipment by the manufacturer or otherwise required under this standard: Missing or unreadable. as follows: (A) Drifting caused by fluid leaking across the piston. guards: Missing. (C) Cylinder rods for scores. (5) If the qualified person determines that a deficiency is a safety hazard. (B) Threaded or clamped joints for leaks. the employer must ensure that the deficiency is checked in the monthly inspections. (6) If the qualified person determines that. (xv) Slider pads for excessive wear or cracks. needs to be monitored in the monthly inspections. or in-use operating mechanism) that is more comprehensive or has a more frequent schedule of inspection than the requirements of this section must be followed.1417. (xix) Operator seat: Unserviceable.1435(e). (xi) Hydraulic and pneumatic pumps and motors. as follows: (A) Spools: Sticking. including those listed in paragraph (a)(2) of this section.§ 1926. ladders. the deficiency needs to be monitored. Where the severity of use/conditions is such that there is a reasonable probability of damage or excessive wear (such as loading that may have exceeded rated capacity.1413 Wire rope—inspection. which must be completed before or during that shift.1412 Inspections (ix) Tires for damage or excessive wear. (2) In light of the use/conditions determine whether any items/ conditions listed in paragraph (f ) of this section need to be inspected. load hook. nicks. guards: In unusable/ unsafe condition. excessive heating of the fluid. Equipment that has been idle for 3 months or more must be inspected by a qualified person in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (e) (Monthly) of this section before initial use. the employer must follow the requirements in paragraphs (f )(4) through (6) of this section. critical part of a control system. (xxi) Steps. ladders. handrails. (B) Rod seals and welded joints for leaks. (3) This inspection must include functional testing to determine that the equipment as configured in the inspection is functioning properly. except when temporary alternative measures are implemented as specified in § 1926. (1) A competent person must begin a visual inspection prior to each shift the equipment is used. and retained for a minimum of 12 months. braking system. § 1926. All rights reserved. low pressure. though not presently a safety hazard. abnormal deformation or other signs of failure/ impending failure. Untwisting (opening) Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. as follows: (A) Flexible hose or its junction with the fittings for indications of leaks. (B) Leaks. (D) Case (barrel) for significant dents. handrails. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (a) Shift inspection. (C) Shaft seals and joints between pump sections for leaks. (xvi) Electrical components and wiring for cracked or split insulation and loose or corroded terminations. as follows: (A) Performance indicators: Unusual noises or vibration. improper return to neutral. an immediate determination must be made by the qualified person as to whether the deficiency constitutes a safety hazard or. (x) Hydraulic. to all persons who conduct inspections under this section. (E) Rod eyes and connecting joints: Loose or deformed. (g) Severe service. (3) If a deficiency is found. by the employer that conducts the inspection: (i) The items checked and the results of the inspection. rigid tube. The inspection must consist of observation of wire ropes (running and standing) that are likely to be in use during the shift for apparent deficiencies.] (j) Any part of a manufacturer’s procedures regarding inspections that relate to safe operation (such as to a safety device or operational aid. (4) If any deficiency is identified. (D) Outer surface of a hose. (k) All documents produced under this section must be available. (xiv) Outrigger or stabilizer pads/ floats for excessive wear or cracks. power plant. (i) [Reserved. the qualified person must inspect those items/conditions. (B) Loose bolts or fasteners. (xx) Originally equipped steps. the employer must stop using the equipment and a qualified person must: (1) Inspect the equipment for structural damage to determine if the equipment can continue to be used safely. low operating speed. pneumatic and other pressurized hoses.

(C) A broken strand. (iii) Category III. or (B) If the deficiency (other than power line contact) is localized. or (B) If the deficiency is localized. All rights reserved. Repair of wire rope that contacted an energized power line is also prohibited. either the equipment (as a whole) or the hoist with that wire rope must be tagged-out. the undamaged portion may continue to be used. particularly at reverse bends. Rev0913 43 . (v) Wire rope in contact with saddles. Apparent deficiencies in this category are: (A) Visible broken wires. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Apparent deficiencies in this category include the following: (A) In rotation resistant wire rope. the employer must ensure that the drum will still have two wraps of wire when the load and/or boom is in its lowest position. (ii) Category II. (ii) Wire rope being used for boom hoists and luffing hoists. or worn end connections (such as from severe service). Apparent deficiencies in this category include the following: (A) Significant distortion of the wire rope structure such as kinking. (4) The inspection must be documented according to § 1926. until the wire rope is repaired or replaced. Joining lengths of wire rope by splicing is prohibited. signs of core failure or steel core protrusion between the outer strands. the problem is corrected by severing the wire rope in two.1417). birdcaging. (3) Wire ropes on equipment must not be used until an inspection under this paragraph demonstrates that no corrective action under paragraph (a)(4) of this section is required. (E) Significantly corroded. in accordance with § 1926. (D) Improperly applied end connections. If the deficiency is determined to constitute a safety hazard.1417). the undamaged portion may continue to be used. the undamaged portion may continue to be used. (iv) Wire rope at or near terminal ends. crushing. crossover points and repetitive pickup points on drums.1417(f )(1). (iii) If a deficiency in Category III is identified.1417). the employer must ensure that the drum will still have two wraps of wire when the load and/or boom is in its lowest position. (i) If a deficiency in Category I (see paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this section) is identified. (iv) Where a wire rope is required to be removed from service under this section. the employer must ensure that the drum will still have two wraps of wire when the load and/or boom is in its lowest position. operations involving use of the wire rope in question must be prohibited until: (A) The wire rope is replaced (see § 1926. (B) A diameter reduction of more than 5% from nominal diameter. If a rope is shortened under this paragraph. (2) The inspection must include any deficiencies that the qualified person who conducts the annual inspection determines under paragraph (c)(3)(ii) of this section must be monitored. equalizer sheaves or other sheaves where rope travel is limited. (B) The wire rope is replaced (see § 1926. as follows: (1) In running wire ropes: Six randomly distributed broken wires in one rope lay or three broken wires in one strand in one rope lay. (i) Category I. If a rope is shortened under this paragraph. unstranding. an immediate determination must be made by the competent person as to whether the deficiency constitutes a safety hazard. operations involving use of the wire rope in question must be prohibited until: (A) The employer complies with the wire rope manufacturer’s established criterion for removal from service or a different criterion that the wire rope manufacturer has approved in writing for that specific wire rope (see § 1926. Joining lengths of wire rope by splicing is prohibited. operations involving use of the wire rope in question must be prohibited until: (A) The wire rope is replaced (see § 1926. (iii) Wire rope at flange points. (b) Monthly inspection. (B) Significant corrosion. (ii) If a deficiency in Category II (see paragraph (a)(2) (ii) of this section) is identified. If a rope is shortened under this paragraph. The competent person must give particular attention to all of the following: (i) Rotation resistant wire rope in use.1417). (B) Prior electrical contact with a power line. Joining lengths of wire rope by splicing is prohibited.1413 Wire rope—inspection of wire rope or booming down is not required as part of this inspection. (2) Apparent deficiencies. the problem is corrected by severing the wire rope in two. (3) Critical review items. (1) Each month an inspection must be conducted in accordance with paragraph (a) (shift inspection) of this section. (C) Electric arc damage (from a source other than power lines) or heat damage. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.1412(e)(3) (monthly inspection documentation). (4) Removal from service. cracked. (2) In rotation resistant ropes: Two randomly distributed broken wires in six rope diameters or four randomly distributed broken wires in 30 rope diameters. (3) In pendants or standing wire ropes: More than two broken wires in one rope lay located in rope beyond end connections and/or more than one broken wire in a rope lay located at an end connection. bent.§ 1926. where a rope lay is the length along the rope in which one strand makes a complete revolution around the rope. or (C) If the deficiency is localized. core protrusion or other distortion indicating core failure. the problem is corrected by severing the wire rope in two.

(b) Wire rope design criteria: Wire rope (other than rotation resistant rope) must comply with either Option (1) or Option (2) of this section. (B) Those sections that are normally hidden during shift and monthly inspections. If a rope is shortened under this paragraph. the employer must ensure that the drum will still have two wraps of wire when the load and/or boom is in its lowest position. (4) The inspection must be documented according to § 1926.§ 1926. in relation to the equipment’s rated capacity. (D) Wire rope passing over sheaves. (1) Definitions. (a) Original equipment wire rope and replacement wire rope must be selected and installed in accordance with the requirements of this section. (2) Option (2). (i) Type I rotation resistant wire rope (‘‘Type I’’). to all persons who conduct inspections under this section. transmits little or no torque. as follows: (1) Option (1). (d) Rope lubricants that are of the type that hinder inspection must not be used. except for derricks. (e) Rotation resistant ropes.1414 Wire rope—selection and installation criteria. Type II rotation resistant rope is stranded rope constructed to have significant resistance to rotation.1413 will be an effective means of preventing sudden rope failure. the equipment manufacturer. (iii) Exception: In the event an inspection under paragraph (c)(2) of this section is not feasible due to existing set-up and configuration of the equipment (such as where an assist crane is needed) or due to site conditions (such as a dense urban setting). The direction of lay of the outer strands is opposite to that of the underlying layer. and comprises an assembly of two layers of strands laid helically over a center in two operations. or (B) If the deficiency is localized. a sufficient minimum breaking force and design factor so that compliance with the applicable inspection provisions in § 1926. (i) Types II and III with an operating design factor of less than 5 must not be used for duty cycle or repetitive lifts. as follows: (i) The inspection must be for deficiencies of the types listed in paragraph (a)(2) of this section. The direction of lay of the outer strands is opposite to that of the underlying layer. (1) Fiber core ropes must not be used for boom hoist reeving. Joining lengths of wire rope by splicing is prohibited. the deficiency needs to be monitored. at least every 12 months. (ii) The inspection must be complete and thorough.7. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (2) Rotation resistant ropes must be used for boom hoist reeving only where the requirements of paragraph (e) (4)(ii) of this section are met. if guided. The direction of lay of the outer strands is opposite to that of the underlying layer. an immediate determination must be made by the qualified person as to whether the deficiency constitutes a safety hazard.1413 Wire rope—inspection (c) Annual/comprehensive. Wire rope must comply with section 5–1. (i) If the deficiency is determined to constitute a safety hazard. the problem is corrected by severing the wire rope in two. Type I rotation resistant rope is stranded rope constructed to have little or no tendency to rotate or. (2) Requirements. at the time of disassembly. Type III rotation resistant rope is stranded rope constructed to have limited resistance to rotation. (ii) If the qualified person determines that. (2) In addition. 44 § 1926. (ii) Type II rotation resistant wire rope (‘‘Type II’’). for standing ropes. Selection of replacement wire rope must be in accordance with the recommendations of the wire rope manufacturer.1417).6) except that section’s paragraph (c) must not apply.5– 2004 (incorporated by reference. It has at least 10 outer strands and comprises an assembly of two or more layers of strands laid helically over a center in two or three operations. operations involving use of the wire rope in question must be prohibited until: (A) The wire rope is replaced (see § 1926.1 of ASME B30. All rights reserved. (C) Wire rope subject to reverse bends. (d) Boom hoist reeving. covering the surface of the entire length of the wire ropes. wire ropes in use on equipment must be inspected by a qualified person in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section (shift inspection). (1) At least every 12 months. such inspections must be conducted as soon as it becomes feasible. Rev0913 . during the applicable document retention period. It has at least 15 outer strands and comprises an assembly of at least three layers of strands laid helically over a center in two operations. the wire ropes in use on equipment must be inspected by a qualified person. Wire rope must be designed to have. but no longer than an additional 6 months for running ropes and. see § 1926. (3) If a deficiency is identified. the employer must ensure that the deficiency is checked in the monthly inspections. It has no more than nine outer strands. or a qualified person. the undamaged portion may continue to be used. with particular attention given to all of the following: (A) Critical review items listed in paragraph (a)(3) of this section. (e) All documents produced under this section must be available. though not presently a safety hazard. (c) Wire rope must be compatible with the safe functioning of the equipment.1412(f )(7) (annual/ comprehensive inspection documentation). (iii) Type III rotation resistant wire rope (‘‘Type III’’). Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.

(4) Equipment with foot pedal brakes must have locks. the operator must safely stop operations. (E) The operating design factor for the boom hoist reeving system must be not less than five.1415 Safety devices. the equipment must be taken out of service and operations must not resume until the device is again working properly. (7) Horn (i) The equipment must have a horn that is either built into the equipment or is on the equipment and immediately available to the operator. it must be tagged-out or removed. it must be removed. (F) The operating design factor for these ropes must be the total minimum breaking force of all parts of rope in the system divided by the load imposed on the rope system when supporting the static weights of the structure and the load within the equipment’s rated capacity. Alternative measures are not permitted to be used. unless otherwise specified: (1) Crane level indicator. The following safety devices are required on all equipment covered by this subpart. all of the following requirements must be met: (A) The drum must provide a first layer rope pitch diameter of not less than 18 times the nominal diameter of the rope used. (C) The requirements in ASME B30. floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/ derricks on barges. (ii) Operations must be conducted in such a manner and at such speeds as to minimize dynamic effects. If any of the devices listed in this section are not in proper working order. (6) Equipment on rails must have rail clamps and rail stops.2(d)). (g) Socketing must be done in the manner specified by the manufacturer of the wire rope or fitting. the following requirements must be met for each lifting operation: (i) A qualified person must inspect the rope in accordance with § 1926. (b) Proper operation required. (iii) Each lift made under § 1926.3. (G) When provided. (i) Rotation resistant ropes must not be used for boom hoist reeving. Operations must not begin unless all of the devices listed in this section are in proper working order. more than one broken wire in any one rope lay must be considered a hazard. it must be removed. (3) Jib stops (if a jib is attached).1415 Safety devices.1413(a). a power-controlled lowering system must be capable of handling rated capacities and speeds as specified by the manufacturer. (h) Prior to cutting a wire rope. except where the wire rope manufacturer and the equipment manufacturer approves the design factor. (ii) If a built-in crane level indicator is not working properly. except for derricks. non-repetitive lifts).5– 2004 sections 5–1. in writing.2(a).§ 1926. The length and number of seizings must be in accordance with the wire rope manufacturer’s instructions. vessels or other means of flotation. If a removable crane level indicator is not working properly.3. (3) When Types II and III with an operating design factor of less than 5 are used (for non-duty cycle. except for derricks and hydraulic booms. (2) Boom stops. see § 1926. (ii) Rotation resistant ropes may be used as boom hoist reeving when load hoists are used as boom hoists for attachments such as luffing attachments or boom and mast attachment systems. Such prior uses must be considered by the qualified person in determining whether to use the rope again. II and III) must have an operating design factor of no less than 3. (iii) Type I must have an operating design factor of no less than 5. pontoons. Rev0913 45 . § 1926. The rope must be used only if the qualified person determines that there are no deficiencies constituting a hazard. Under these conditions. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.1426(a) (irrespective of the date of manufacture of the equipment). seizings must be placed on each side of the point to be cut. If a device stops working properly during operations. See § 1926. except for portal cranes. and § 1926. (B) The requirements in § 1926.6) except that the minimum pitch diameter for sheaves used in multiple rope reeving is 18 times the nominal diameter of the rope used (instead of the value of 16 specified in section 5–1. (iv) Types II and III must have an operating design factor of no less than 5.1417 (Operation). except where the requirements of paragraph (e)(4)(ii) of this section are met. (a)(2) through (a)(4). it must be tagged-out or removed. All rights reserved. In making this determination.5. (D) All sheaves used in the boom hoist reeving system must have a rope pitch diameter of not less than 18 times the nominal diameter of the rope used.1414(e)(3) must be recorded in the monthly and annual inspection documents. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. derricks. (i) The equipment must have a crane level indicator that is either built into the equipment or is available on the equipment. (ii) Rotation resistant ropes (including Types I. (5) Hydraulic outrigger jacks and hydraulic stabilizer jacks must have an integral holding device/check valve. (a) Safety devices. (f ) Wire rope clips used in conjunction with wedge sockets must be attached to the unloaded dead end of the rope only. (ii) If a built-in horn is not working properly. If a removable horn is not working properly. except where the requirements of paragraph (e)(3) of this section are met. except that the use of devices specifically designed for dead-ending rope in a wedge socket is permitted. (iii) This requirement does not apply to portal cranes.1426(b). (b) and (d) (incorporated by reference. (4) Additional requirements for rotation resistant ropes for boom hoist reeving.

1434. Temporary alternative measures: Clearly mark the cable (so that it can easily be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to prevent two-blocking. Rev0913 . and is not equipped with a boom hoist limiting device. except to limit the movement of the luffing jib rather than the boom hoist. that are equipped with a load hoist must be equipped with a device that automatically prevents damage from contact between the load block. 1999. if any. overhaul ball. (ii) If the equipment was manufactured on or before December 16. or use a spotter. must be equipped with a device that either automatically prevents damage and load failure from contact between the load block. concrete bucket. (B) Clearly mark the boom hoist cable (so that it can easily be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to keep the boom within the minimum allowable radius. Operational aids listed in this paragraph that are not working properly must be repaired no later than 7 calendar days after the deficiency occurs. The device(s) must prevent such damage/ failure at all points where two-blocking could occur. Temporary alternative measures: When two-blocking could only occur with movement of the load hoist. clearly mark the cable (so that it can easily be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to prevent two-blocking. Equipment with a luffing jib must have a luffing jib limiting device. and the boom tip (or fixed upper block or similar component). overhaul ball. or warns the operator in time for the operator to prevent two-blocking. If a replacement part is no longer available. the operator must safely stop operations until the temporary alternative measures are implemented or the device is again working properly. or similar component. The device(s) must prevent such damage at all points where two-blocking could occur. and the boom tip (or fixed upper block or similar component). One or more of the following methods must be used: (A) Use a boom angle indicator. or similar component. unless otherwise specified. (C) Clearly mark the boom hoist cable (so that it can easily be seen by a spotter) at a point that will give the spotter sufficient time to signal the operator and have the operator stop the hoist to keep the boom within the minimum allowable radius. The requirements in paragraphs (d)(3)(ii)(A) and (B) of this section do not apply to such lattice boom equipment when used for dragline. marine operations that do not involve hoisting personnel. and pile driving work.1416 Operational aids. (B) Lattice boom cranes and derricks manufactured after November 8. 2011. Temporary alternative measures are the same as in paragraph 46 (d)(1)(i) of this section. In addition. and (e) (3) of this section do not apply to articulating cranes. 1992. The time periods permitted for repairing defective operational aids are specified in paragraphs (d) and (e) of this section. and the boom tip (or fixed upper block or similar component). the use of a substitute device that performs the same type of function is permitted and is not considered a modification under § 1926. All rights reserved. (e)(2). (3) Anti two-blocking device. or similar component. 1969. the repair must be completed within 7 calendar days of receipt of the parts. (e)(1). a boom hoist limiting device is required.§ 1926. clamshell (grapple). (i) Telescopic boom cranes manufactured after February 28. must be followed. (1) The requirements in paragraphs (e)(1). (b) Operations must not begin unless the listed operational aids are in proper working order. must be equipped with a device which automatically prevents damage from contact between the load block. (c) If a listed operational aid stops working properly during operations. and the boom tip (or fixed upper block or similar component). at least one of the measures in paragraphs (d)(1)(i)(A) through (C) of this section must be used. (d) Category I operational aids and alternative measures. 1969. Clearly mark the cable (so that it can easily be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to prevent twoblocking. and use a spotter when extending the boom. 2011 must be equipped with a device which automatically prevents damage and load failure from contact between the load block. except where an operational aid is being repaired the employer uses the specified temporary alternative measures. (ii) Lattice boom cranes. Temporary alternative measures (use at least one). See § 1926. (iii) Articulating cranes manufactured after December 31. The device must prevent such damage/failure or provide adequate warning for all points where two-blocking could occur. install mirrors or remote video cameras and displays if necessary for the operator to see the mark. Exception: If the employer documents that it has ordered the necessary parts within 7 calendar days of the occurrence of the deficiency. overhaul ball. The device must prevent such damage at all points where two-blocking could occur. (D) Temporary alternative measures. (2) Luffing jib limiting device. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. container handling. and (e) (4) of this section apply only to those digger derricks manufactured after November 8. overhaul ball. 1992. (C) Exception. or similar component. magnet. (i) For equipment manufactured after December 16. When two-blocking could occur without Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.1417(j) for additional requirements. (2) The requirements in paragraphs (d)(3).1416 Operational aids § 1926. (a) The devices listed in this section (‘‘listed operational aids’’) are required on all equipment covered by this subpart. or use a spotter. (A) Lattice boom cranes manufactured after Feb 28. More protective alternative measures specified by the crane/derrick manufacturer. drop ball. (1) Boom hoist limiting device.

(2) Jib angle indicator if the equipment has a luffing jib. (3) Procedures related to the capacity of the equipment must be developed and signed by a registered professional engineer familiar with the equipment. and operator’s manual. recommended operating speeds. including rated capacities (load charts). The equipment must have a boom angle or radius indicator readable from the operator’s station. All rights reserved. clearly mark the cable (so that it can easily be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to prevent two-blocking. (4) Load weighing and similar devices. Operational aids listed in this paragraph that are not working properly must be repaired no later than 30 calendar days after the deficiency occurs. and use a spotter when extending the boom. except where all of the following are met: (i) The operator remains adjacent to the equipment and is not engaged in any other duties. Temporary alternative measures: Radii or boom angle must be determined by measuring the radii or boom angle with a measuring device. (iii) The competent person determines that it is safe to do so and implements measures necessary to Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. including its use with attachments.1417(j) for additional requirements. (ii) The load is to be held suspended for a period of time exceeding normal lifting operations. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.000 pounds must have at least one of the following: load weighing device. Temporary alternative measures: Radii or jib angle must be determined by ascertaining the main boom angle and then measuring the radii or jib angle with a measuring device. Temporary alternative measures: The weight of the load must be determined from a source recognized by the industry (such as the load’s manufacturer) or by a calculation method recognized by the industry (such as calculating a steel beam from measured dimensions and a known per foot weight). Temporary alternative measures: The operator must verify that the position of the outriggers or stabilizers is correct (in accordance with manufacturer procedures) before beginning operations requiring outrigger or stabilizer deployment. (ii) Hoist drum rotation indicator if the equipment has a hoist drum not visible from the operator’s station. In addition. (d) The operator must not engage in any practice or activity that diverts his/ her attention while actually engaged in operating the equipment. See § 1926. special hazard warnings. (ii) Articulating cranes manufactured after November 8. 2003 with a rated capacity over 6. 2011: (i) Outrigger/stabilizer position (horizontal beam extension) sensor/ monitor if the equipment has outriggers or stabilizers. must be readily available in the cab at all times for use by the operator. § 1926. load weighing device. (i) Equipment (other than derricks and articulating cranes) manufactured after March 29. One or more of the following methods must be used: (i) Mark the boom with measured marks to calculate boom length. (2) Where rated capacities are available in the cab only in electronic form: In the event of a failure which makes the rated capacities inaccessible. This information must be provided to the operator prior to the lift. (1) Where the manufacturer procedures are unavailable. install mirrors or remote video cameras and displays if necessary for the operator to see the mark. or load moment (rated capacity) limiter. (1) The operator must not leave the controls while the load is suspended. the operator must immediately cease operations or follow safe shut-down procedures until the rated capacities (in electronic or other form) are available. except where the rated capacity is independent of the boom length. (2) Procedures for the operational controls must be developed by a qualified person. (e) Category II operational aids and alternative measures.§ 1926. (iii) Measure the boom with a measuring device. the repair must be completed within 7 calendar days of receipt of the parts. load moment (or rated capacity) indicator. (e) Leaving the equipment unattended. load moment (or rated capacity) indicator. Rev0913 47 . (3) Boom length indicator if the equipment has a telescopic boom. the employer must develop and ensure compliance with all procedures necessary for the safe operation of the equipment and attachments. Temporary alternative measures. Temporary alternative measures: Mark the drum to indicate the rotation of the drum. and the part is not received in time to complete the repair in 30 calendar days.1417 Operation. (b) Unavailable operation procedures. (5) The following devices are required on equipment manufactured after November 8.1417 Operation movement of the load hoist. This information must be provided to the operator prior to the lift. instructions. Temporary alternative measures: The weight of the load must be determined from a source recognized by the industry (such as the load’s manufacturer) or by a calculation method recognized by the industry (such as calculating a steel beam from measured dimensions and a known per foot weight). (1) Boom angle or radius indicator. (1) The procedures applicable to the operation of the equipment. (ii) Calculate boom length from boom angle and radius measurements. (c) Accessibility of procedures. or load moment (or rated capacity) limiter. Exception: If the employer documents that it has ordered the necessary parts within 7 calendar days of the occurrence of the deficiency. such as the use of cellular phones (other than when used for signal communications). (a) The employer must comply with all manufacturer procedures applicable to the operational functions of equipment. 2011 must have at least one of the following: automatic overload prevention device.

and outrigger or stabilizer functions. a tag must be placed in a conspicuous position stating that the function is out of service and is not to be used. load moment indicator. (u) Traveling with a load. are permitted in the fall zone. the operator must not activate that switch or control until the sign has been removed by a person authorized to remove it. (ii) If there is a warning (tag-out or maintenance/do not operate) sign on any other switch or control. where there are successive shifts. swing. (n) The competent person must adjust the equipment and/or operations to address the effect of wind. (o) Compliance with rated capacity. the operator must verify that all controls are in the proper starting position and that all personnel are in the clear. (1) The equipment must not be operated in excess of its rated capacity. (r) On wheel-mounted equipment. No employees. rated capacity indicator. (1) Traveling with a load is prohibited if the practice is prohibited by the manufacturer. (f ) Tag-out. Where the employer has taken a function(s) out of service.1417(e)(1) do not apply to working gear (such as slings. if it exceeds 75 percent of the maximum rated capacity at the longest radius that will be used during the lift operation. (q) The equipment must not be used to drag or pull loads sideways. (iv) Barricades or caution lines. no loads must be lifted over the front area. boom location. using a load weighing device. or rated capacity limiter. In duty cycle and repetitive lifts where each lift is 90% or more of the maximum line pull. § 1926. The operator must verify that the load is within the rated capacity of the equipment by at least one of the following methods: (i) The weight of the load must be determined from a source recognized by the industry (such as the load’s manufacturer). (i) If there is a warning (tag-out or maintenance/do not operate) sign on the equipment or starting control. are erected to prevent all employees from entering the fall zone. this requirement applies to the first lift but not to successive lifts. (s) The operator must test the brakes each time a load that is 90% or more of the maximum line pull is handled by lifting the load a few inches and applying the brakes. (2) Response to ‘‘do not operate’’/tag-out signs. (k) Safety devices and operational aids must not be used as a substitute for the exercise of professional judgment by the operator. (2) The provisions in § 1926. and makes determinations regarding load position. determines if it is necessary to reduce rated capacity. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (h) Storm warning.1425(b)(1) through (3).§ 1926. the competent person must determine whether it is necessary to implement manufacturer recommendations for securing the equipment. (1) Tagging out of service equipment/ functions. promptly inform the person designated by the employer to receive such information and. and (2) The employer must notify all affected employees. (i) [Reserved. In addition. when requested by the operator. Rev0913 . (B) The equipment has been repaired and is working properly. (3) Load weight. If it does. and notices. it must be verified (before starting to lift) that the rope is seated on the drum and in the sheaves as the slack is removed. and the working gear is suspended over an area other than an entrance or exit. (l) [Reserved. (2) The operator must not be required to operate the equipment in a manner that would violate paragraph (o)(1) of this section. this information must be provided to the operator prior to the lift. including those listed in §§ 1926. When a local storm warning has been issued. travel route. the employer must ensure that: (i) A competent person supervises the operation. or otherwise in a dangerous position on the machine. ground support. (g) Before starting the engine. spreader bars. except as permitted by the manufacturer.] (j) If equipment adjustments or repairs are necessary: (1) The operator must. or until the operator has verified that the requirements in paragraphs (f )(2)(i)(A) and (B) of this section have been met. or (ii) The operator must begin hoisting the load to determine. the operator must not activate the switch or start the equipment until the sign has been removed by a person authorized to remove it. in writing. Where the employer has taken the equipment out of service.1417 Operation restrain the boom hoist and telescoping. or by a calculation method recognized by the industry (such as calculating a steel beam from measured dimensions and a known per foot weight). to the next operator. load. working on. a tag must be placed in the cab stating that the equipment is out of service and is not to be used. ladders.] 48 (m) If the competent person determines that there is a slack rope condition requiring re-spooling of the rope. or by other equally reliable means. (p) The boom or other parts of the equipment must not contact any obstruction. at the beginning of each shift. (t) Neither the load nor the boom must be lowered below the point where less than two full wraps of rope remain on their respective drums.1425(e). and welding machines) where the weight of the working gear is negligible relative to the lifting capacity of the equipment as positioned.1425(d) or § 1926. and snow on equipment stability and rated capacity. of the necessary adjustments or repairs and all alternative measures. the operator must not proceed with the lift until he/she verifies the weight of the load in accordance with paragraph (o)(3)(i) of this section. or until the operator has verified that: (A) No one is servicing. All rights reserved. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (2) Where traveling with a load. ice.

(aa) Counterweight/ballast. is not in full view of the operator. non-standard hand signals may be used in accordance with paragraph (c)(2) of this section. and lift director (where there is one) must contact each other prior to the operation and agree on the non-standard hand signals that will be used. Exception: Where use of the Standard Method for hand signals is infeasible. the ability to transmit signals between the operator and signal person must be maintained.). audible. (z) Swinging locomotive cranes. the signal person. If that ability is interrupted at any time. (k) All directions given to the operator by the signal person must be given from the operator’s direction perspective. or Standard Method hand signals. When using non-standard hand signals. All rights reserved. (2) Non-standard hand signals. (2) When the equipment is traveling. A locomotive crane must not be swung into a position where railway cars on an adjacent track could strike it. (y) The operator must obey a stop (or emergency stop) signal. and reliable. audible. the operator must have the authority to stop and refuse to handle loads until a qualified person has determined that safety has been assured. video. (2) Counterweight/ballast requirements for tower cranes are specified in § 1926.§ 1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.] (m) Communication with multiple cranes/derricks. or (2) must use an equally effective method of identifying which crane/ derrick the signal is for. the operator must safely stop operations requiring signals until it is reestablished and a proper signal is given and understood. (f ) During operations requiring signals. (a) The device(s) used to transmit signals must be tested on site before beginning operations to ensure that the signal transmission is effective. (g) If the operator becomes aware of a safety problem and needs to communicate with the signal person. (v) Rotational speed of the equipment must be such that the load does not swing out beyond the radius at which it can be controlled. irrespective of who gives it. and speed of movement necessary to ensure safety. or where an operation or use of an attachment is not covered in the Standard Method. (c) Hand signals. voice. etc. (h) Only one person may give signals to a crane/derrick at a time. (l) [Reserved. (1) The following applies to equipment other than tower cranes: (i) Equipment must not be operated without the counterweight or ballast in place as specified by the manufacturer. prior to giving the function/direction. clear. telephone or other electronic transmission of signals. as follows: (1) for each signal. or new). the operator must safely stop operations. the signal person must identify the crane/derrick the signal is for. audible. Rev0913 49 . except: Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.1419 Signals—general requirements. (w) A tag or restraint line must be used if necessary to prevent rotation of the load that would be hazardous. or new signals. voice. must be appropriate for the site conditions. § 1926. (1) When using hand signals. (3) Due to site specific safety concerns. the Standard Method must be used (see Appendix A of this subpart). audible. the view in the direction of travel is obstructed. tire pressure specified by the manufacturer is maintained. either the operator or the person handling the load determines that it is necessary. (i) [Reserved. (b) Types of signals. Where a signal person(s) is in communication with more than one crane/derrick. radio. (Note: § 1926. or (2) The new signals comply with a national consensus standard that provides at least equally effective communication as voice. or Standard Method hand signals. (e) Suitability. except in circumstances covered by paragraph (j) of this section. (iii) For equipment with tires.] (j) Anyone who becomes aware of a safety problem must alert the operator or signal person by giving the stop or emergency stop signal. (ii) The determinations of the competent person required in paragraph (u)(2)(i) of this section are implemented.1418 Authority to stop operation. Operations must not resume until the operator and signal person agree that the problem has been resolved.1435(b)(8). § 1926. (b) Signal transmission must be through a dedicated channel. (x) The brakes must be adjusted in accordance with manufacturer procedures to prevent unintended movement.1417 Operation overhead obstructions. voice. until it is determined that cars are not being moved on the adjacent track and that proper flag protection has been established. § 1926.1417(y) requires the operator to obey a stop or emergency stop signal). (ii) The maximum counterweight or ballast specified by the manufacturer for the equipment must not be exceeded. Whenever there is a concern as to safety. a system must be used for identifying the crane/ derrick each signal is for. meaning the load travel or the area near or at load placement.1420 Signals—radio. operator. Signals to operators must be by hand. The signals used (hand. or audible signals may be used where the employer demonstrates that: (1) The new signals provide at least equally effective communication as voice. and means of transmitting the signals to the operator (such as direct line of sight. (d) New signals. (a) A signal person must be provided in each of the following situations: (1) The point of operation. Signals other than hand.

distance and/or speed. and guardrails/railings/grabrails. boom. (a) Prior to beginning operations.1422 Signals—hand signal chart. Either body belts or body harnesses must be used in personal fall arrest and fall restraint systems. (c)(3). ladders and guardrails/railings/grabrails. the operator. machinery platforms. § 1926. ladders. (a) Application. handholds. or a voice signal is to be changed. (1) Equipment manufactured after November 8. railings and other permanent fall protection attachments along walkways are: (A) Not required. (e) and (f ) of this section apply to all equipment covered by this subpart except tower cranes. (g). must be able to effectively communicate in the language used. guardrails and railings. 2011 must be equipped so as to provide safe access and egress between the ground and the cab. these workers need not meet again to discuss voice signals unless another worker is added or substituted. Personal fall arrest system components must be used in personal fall arrest and fall restraint systems and must conform to the criteria in § 1926. expanded metal. signal person and lift director (if there is one). ladders and guardrails/railings/ grabrails must meet the criteria of SAE J185 (May 2003) (incorporated by reference. must have slip-resistant features/properties (such as diamond plate metal. 2011 must be equipped so as to provide safe access and egress between the ground and the operator work station(s). expanded metal. handholds. signal person and lift director (if there is one). except for crawler treads. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. guardrails or railings may be of any height up to. (3) Equipment manufactured after November 8. strategically placed grip tape. (c) Steps. (c) The operator. (B) Prohibited on booms supported by pendant ropes or bars if the guardrails/ railings/attachments could be snagged by the ropes or bars.1420 Signals—radio. direction. (j) and (k) of this section apply to all equipment covered by this subpart. (3) Paragraphs (c)(4) and (h) of this section apply only to tower cranes. (1) Paragraphs (b).502(b) does not apply to equipment covered by this subpart.1421 Signals—voice signals— additional requirements. (d) Personal fall arrest and fall restraint systems.6) or ISO 11660–2:1994(E) (incorporated by reference. grabrails.6) or SAE J185 (May 2003) (incorporated by reference.). function. (2) The employer must maintain in good condition originally-equipped steps. see § 1926. Hand signal charts must be either posted on the equipment or conspicuously posted in the vicinity of the hoisting operations. (1) Section 1926. Rev0913 . These devices must meet the following criteria: (i) Steps. (d). given in the following order: function (such as hoist. (b) Boom walkways. (b) Each voice signal must contain the following three elements. (2) Boom walkway criteria.502(d) except that § 1926. (C) Prohibited if of the removable type (designed to be installed and removed each time the boom is assembled/ disassembled). handholds. handholds. by the provision of devices such as steps. (i) The walkways must be at least 12 inches wide. (ii) On lattice booms that are not horizontal. etc. and tower (mast). (c)(2). strategically placed grip tape. but not more than. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. All rights reserved. These devices must meet the following criteria: (i) Steps. ladders.6) and ISO 11660–3:2008(E) (incorporated by reference. see § 1926. (e) For non-assembly/disassembly work. (2) Paragraphs (c)(1). handholds. § 1926. there is confusion about the voice signals.6) except where infeasible. see § 1926. must contact each other and agree on the voice signals that will be used. Once the voice signals are agreed upon.502(d)(15) does not apply to components used in personal fall arrest and fall restraint systems. see § 1926. 45 inches. and the actions of the crane operator need to be coordinated with the movement of other equipment or trains on the same or adjacent tracks. telephone or other electronic transmission of signals (1) Multiple cranes/derricks and one or more signal persons may share a dedicated channel for the purpose of coordinating operations. or slip-resistant paint). (ii) Walking/stepping surfaces must have slip-resistant features/properties (such as diamond plate metal. ladders. 50 (D) Where not prohibited. § 1926. (c) The operator’s reception of signals must be by a hands-free system.1423 Fall protection. (2) Where a crane is being operated on or adjacent to railroad tracks. including the forward and rear positions. handholds. or slip-resistant paint).§ 1926.6) except where infeasible. the employer must provide and ensure the use of fall protection equipment for employees who are on a walking/working surface with an unprotected side or edge more than 6 feet above a lower level as follows: (1) When moving point-to-point: (i) On non-lattice booms (whether horizontal or not horizontal). by the provision of devices such as steps. (ii) Walking/stepping surfaces. 2011 with lattice booms must be equipped with walkways on the boom(s) if the vertical profile of the boom (from cord centerline to cord centerline) is 6 or more feet. and guardrails/railings/grabrails must meet the criteria of ISO 11660–1:2008(E) (incorporated by reference. and guardrails/railings/ grabrails. ladders. (ii) Guardrails. stop command. (4) Tower cranes manufactured after November 8. see § 1926.

502(e)(2) apply to equipment covered by this subpart only to the extent delineated in paragraph (g)(2) of this section. (ii) Erect and maintain control lines. the employer must train each employee to understand what these markings signify. or (ii) Pinching/crushing an employee against another part of the equipment or another object. climbing. If there is no controlling entity. the employer must provide and ensure the use of fall protection equipment for employees who are on a walking/ working surface with an unprotected side or edge more than 15 feet above a lower level.] (j) Anchoring to the load line. Rev0913 51 . except when the employee is at or near draw-works (when the equipment is running). or on the deck. (g) Anchorage criteria. the operator must not rotate the superstructure until the operator is informed in accordance with a pre-arranged system of communication that the employee is in a safe position. (2) the applicable requirements in §§ 1926. the employee (or someone instructed by the employee) must ensure that the operator is informed that he/she is going to that location. the employer must provide and ensure the use of fall protection equipment for employees who are on a walking/ working surface with an unprotected side or edge more than 6 feet above a lower level. warning lines. (ii) Where the operator knows that an employee went to a location covered by paragraph (a)(1) of this section.502(d)(15). The employer must train each employee who may be exposed to fall hazards while on. (h) Tower cranes.502(d)(15) for personal fall arrest systems and § 1926. would conclude that the criteria in § 1926. or hoisted by. (1) The requirements in paragraph (a)(2) of this section apply where there are accessible areas in which the equipment’s rotating superstructure (whether permanently or temporarily mounted) poses a reasonably foreseeable risk of: (i) Striking and injuring an employee.500 and 1926. (1) Sections 1926. In addition. the controlling entity must institute a system to coordinate operations.502(e)(2) for positioning device systems.§ 1926. (b) Where any part of a crane/derrick is within the working radius of another crane/derrick. and dismantling work. or on the deck.1423 Fall protection (iii) On horizontal lattice booms where the fall distance is 15 feet or more. and dismantling. the employer must provide and ensure the use of fall protection equipment for employees who are on a walking/ working surface with an unprotected side or edge more than 15 feet above a lower level. (a) Swing radius hazards. climbing. (3) Protecting employees in the hazard area. (f ) For assembly/disassembly work. or on the deck. (2) The equipment operator must be at the work site and informed that the equipment is being used for this purpose. Exception: When the employer can demonstrate that it is neither feasible to erect such barriers on the ground nor on the equipment.1424 Work area control. (3) No load is suspended from the load line when the personal fall arrest system is anchored to the crane/ derrick’s hook (or other part of the load line). (i) Personal fall arrest systems must be anchored to any apparently substantial part of the equipment unless a competent person. without an engineering analysis. in the cab. from a visual inspection. A personal fall arrest system is permitted to be anchored to the crane/derrick’s hook (or other part of the load line) where all of the following requirements are met: (1) A qualified person has determined that the set-up and rated capacity of the crane/derrick (including the hook. in the cab. (2) For erecting. (ii) Positioning device systems must be anchored to any apparently substantial part of the equipment unless a competent person. except when the employee is at or near drawworks (when the equipment is running). (2) Anchorages for personal fall arrest and positioning device systems. the hazard areas must be clearly marked by a combination of warning signs (such as ‘‘Danger—Swing/ Crush Zone’’) and high visibility markings on the equipment that identify the hazard areas. (iii) Attachable anchor devices (portable anchor devices that are attached to the equipment) must meet the anchorage criteria in § 1926. without an engineering analysis. (2) While at a work station on any part of the equipment (including the boom.502(e)(2) would not be met. load line and rigging) meets or exceeds the requirements in § 1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (3) Anchorages for fall restraint systems. § 1926. (k) Training. (1) For work other than erecting. Fall restraint systems must be anchored to any part of the equipment that is capable of withstanding twice the maximum load that an employee may impose on it during reasonably anticipated conditions of use. in the cab. equipment covered by this subpart on all of the following: (1) the requirements in this subpart that address fall protection. would conclude that the criteria in § 1926. of any type). All rights reserved. (2) To prevent employees from entering these hazard areas. the employer (if there is only one Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.502(d)(15) would not be met.502(d)(15) and 1926. except when the employee is at or near draw-works (when the equipment is running). (i) Before an employee goes to a location in the hazard area that is out of view of the operator. (i) [Reserved.502. railings or similar barriers to mark the boundaries of the hazard areas. the employer must: (i) Train each employee assigned to work on or near the equipment (‘‘authorized personnel’’) in how to recognize struck-by and pinch/crush hazard areas posed by the rotating superstructure. from a visual inspection.

or any part of the area extending the Table A of § 1926. (2) The use of equipment in which the boom is designed to free fall (live boom) is permitted only where none of the circumstances listed in paragraph (a)(1) of this section are present and: (i) The equipment was manufactured prior to October 31. or employers. 1984. or (ii) The equipment is a floating crane/ derrick or a land crane/derrick on a vessel/flotation device. (d) Receiving a load. except where there are no employees in the shaft.1408 clearance distance to each side of the power line. or (3) Operating a concrete hopper or concrete bucket. making an initial connection or installing bracing). (b) While the operator is not moving a suspended load. unhooking or guiding a load. as follows: (1) Friction drums must have: (i) A friction clutch and. (a) Boom free fall prohibitions. or over any part of the area extending the Table A of § 1926. (b) Preventing boom free fall. or over any part of the area extending the Table A of § 1926. (3) The materials must be rigged by a qualified rigger. (ii) A secondary braking or locking device. except where there are no employees in the fall zone of the boom or the load. Exception: ‘‘J’’ hooks are permitted to be used for setting wooden trusses. the boom hoist must have a secondary mechanism or device designed to prevent the boom from falling in the event the primary system used to hold or regulate the boom hoist fails. to back-up the primary brake while the boom is held (such as a secondary friction brake or a ratchet and pawl device). (c) Preventing uncontrolled retraction. § 1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.1408 clearance distance to each side of the power line. except for employees: (1) Engaged in hooking. (3) Neither clutches nor hydraulic motors must be considered brake or locking devices for purposes of this subpart. but not limited to. All rights reserved. (2) Only employees essential to the operation are permitted in the fall zone (but not directly under the load). (vi) Lifting operations are taking place in a refinery or tank farm. or in the initial connection of a load to a component or structure and are within the fall zone. controlled load lowering is required and free fall of the load line hoist is prohibited: (1) An employee is directly under the load. (2) Hooks with self-closing latches or their equivalent must be used. (2) Engaged in the initial attachment of the load to a component or structure. (a) Where available. to the extent consistent with public safety. (v) The load is over a cofferdam. An employee is essential to the operation if the employee is conducting one of the following operations and the employer can demonstrate it is infeasible for the employee to perform that operation from outside the fall zone: (1) Physically guide the load. (e) During a tilt-up or tilt-down operation: (1) No employee must be directly under the load. to allow for controlled boom lowering. Note: Boom free fall is prohibited when an employee is in the fall zone of the boom or load.1426. Only employees needed to receive a load are permitted to be within the fall zone when a load is being landed. (2) An employee is being hoisted. (ii) An employee is being hoisted. (5) The load is over a cofferdam. § 1926.1408 clearance distance to each side of the power line is within the radius of vertical travel of the load. hoisting routes that minimize the exposure of employees to hoisted loads must be used. (1) The use of equipment in which the boom is designed to free fall (live boom) is prohibited in each of the following circumstances: (i) An employee is in the fall zone of the boom or load.1424 Work area control employer operating the multiple pieces of equipment). and load line free fall is prohibited when an employee is directly under the load. which is manually or automatically engaged. or (3) either detach it from or initially attach it to another component or structure (such as. Rev0913 . (iv) The load is over a shaft. unhooking. no employee must be within the fall zone. (3) The load is directly over a power line. or guiding the load. a braking device. (d) Load line free fall. In each of the following circumstances. (2) Hydraulic drums must have an integrally mounted holding device or internal static brake to prevent boom hoist movement in the event of hydraulic failure.§ 1926. Where the use of equipment with a boom that is designed to free fall (live boom) is prohibited. must institute such a system. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (iii) The load or boom is directly over a power line. in addition. or any part of the area extending the Table A clearance distance to each side of the power 52 line is within the radius of vertical travel of the boom or the load. (4) Hydraulic boom cylinders must have an integrally mounted holding device. (4) The load is over a shaft. (2) closely monitor and give instructions regarding the load’s movement.1425 Keeping clear of the load.1426 Free fall and controlled load lowering. see § 1926. (c) When employees are engaged in hooking. Hydraulic telescoping booms must have an integrally mounted holding device to prevent the boom from retracting in the event of hydraulic failure. except where there are no employees in the fall zone of the load. all of the following criteria must be met: (1) The materials being hoisted must be rigged to prevent unintentional displacement.

the knowledge and skills listed in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. (3) Exceptions: Operator qualification or certification under this section is not required for operators of derricks (see § 1926. (4) The employer program must have testing procedures for re-qualification designed to ensure that the operator continues to meet the technical knowledge and skills requirements in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. (a) The employer must ensure that. (iii) Have procedures for operators to re-apply and be re-tested in the event an operator applicant fails a test or is decertified.1427 Operator qualification and certification. If no accredited testing agency offers certification examinations for a particular type and/ or capacity of equipment. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. The re-qualification procedures must be audited Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (ii) Administer written and practical tests that: (A) Assess the operator applicant regarding. (3) A certification issued under this option is portable and meets the requirements of paragraph (a)(2) of this section. The employer’s qualification of its employee must meet the following requirements: (1) The written and practical tests must be either: (i) Developed by an accredited crane operator testing organization (see paragraph (b) of this section). or the operator is qualified or certified to operate the equipment in accordance with the following: (1) When a non-military government entity issues operator licenses for equipment covered under subpart CC. the knowledge and skills listed in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. or (ii) qualified in compliance with paragraph (d) of this section. (D) The audit must be conducted in accordance with nationally recognized auditing standards. sideboom cranes (see § 1926. or equipment with a maximum manufacturer-rated hoisting/ lifting capacity of 2.1440). The operator’s certificate must state the type/capacity of equipment for which the operator is certified. grading. (C) The approval must be based on the auditor’s determination that the written and practical tests meet nationally recognized test development criteria and are valid and reliable in assessing the operator applicants regarding.1427.§ 1926. (2) Administration of tests. facilities/equipment and personnel have been met.000 pounds or less (see § 1926. or (ii) Approved by an auditor in accordance with the following requirements: (A) The auditor is certified to evaluate such tests by an accredited crane operator testing organization (see paragraph (b) of this section). (iv) The audit must be conducted in accordance with nationally recognized auditing standards. (3) The employer program must be audited within 3 months of the beginning of the program and at least every 3 years thereafter. (4) Whenever operator qualification or certification is required under § 1926. (c) Option (2): Qualification by an audited employer program. (i) The written and practical tests must be administered under circumstances approved by the auditor as meeting nationally recognized test administration standards. (2) An operator will be deemed qualified to operate a particular piece of equipment if the operator is certified under paragraph (b) of this section for that type and capacity of equipment or for higher-capacity equipment of that type. it must: (i) Be accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency based on that agency’s determination that industry recognized criteria for written testing materials. at a minimum. at a minimum. Rev0913 53 . the employer must provide the qualification or certification at no cost to operators who are employed by the employer on November 8.1427 Operator qualification and certification § 1926. prior to operating any equipment covered under subpart CC. All rights reserved. (ii) The auditor must be certified to evaluate the administration of the written and practical tests by an accredited crane operator testing organization (see paragraph (b) of this section). (iv) Have testing procedures for re-certification designed to ensure that the operator continues to meet the technical knowledge and skills requirements in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. (B) Provide different levels of certification based on equipment capacity and type. the person is operating the equipment during a training period in accordance with paragraph (f ) of this section. (1) For a testing organization to be considered accredited to certify operators under this subpart. and that government licensing program meets the requirements of paragraphs (e)(2) and (j) of this section. test administration. an operator will be deemed qualified to operate that equipment if the operator has been certified for the type/capacity that is most similar to that equipment and for which a certification examination is available. (b) Option (1): Certification by an accredited crane operator testing organization. the certification or qualification must comply with one of the options in paragraphs (b) through (d) of this section.1436). (B) The auditor is not an employee of the employer. 2010. (4) A certification issued under this paragraph is valid for 5 years. (2) Where paragraph (a)(1) of this section is not applicable. (v) Have its accreditation reviewed by the nationally recognized accrediting agency at least every three years. (iii) The auditor must not be an employee of the employer.1441). the equipment operator must either be: (i) Licensed by that government entity for operation of equipment within that entity’s jurisdiction. practical examinations.

(5) Deficiencies. (1) For purposes of this section. (iv) For equipment other than tower cranes: The operator’s trainer and the operator-in-training must be in direct line of sight of each other. Such a qualification meets the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section only where the operator is employed by (and operating the equipment for) the employer that issued the qualification. practical examinations. the operator’s trainer performs no tasks that detract from the trainer’s ability to monitor the operator-in-training. An employee of the U. (i) The requirements for obtaining the license include an assessment. by written and practical tests.S. facilities/ equipment and personnel.S. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. an operator who is an employee of the U. military is considered qualified if he/ she has a current operator qualification issued by the U. (iii) While monitoring the operator-in-training. (4) Continuous monitoring.S. (ii) Valid for the period of time stipulated by the issuing entity. (d) Option (3): Qualification by the U. (iii) The auditor files a documented report of the deficiency to the appropriate Regional Office of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration within 15 days of the auditor’s determination that there is a deficiency. but no longer than 5 years. the knowledge and skills listed in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. (ii) The program is audited again within 180 days of the confirmation that the deficiency was corrected. test administration. a government licensing department/office that issues operator licenses for operating equipment covered by this standard is considered a government accredited crane operator testing organization if the criteria in paragraph (e)(2) of this section are met. (f ) Pre-qualification/certification training period. (ii) Valid for 5 years. the employer must ensure that: (i) No operator is qualified until the auditor confirms that the deficiency has been corrected.S. (ii) Is valid for the period of time stipulated by the licensing department/ office. (iii) The government authority that oversees the licensing department/ office. at a minimum.§ 1926. (e) Option (4): Licensing by a government entity. In addition. and is familiar with the proper use of the equipment’s controls. military. has determined that the 54 requirements in paragraphs (e)(2)(i) and (ii) of this section have been met. An employee who is not qualified or certified under this section is permitted to operate equipment only as an operator-in-training and only where the requirements of this paragraph are met. Such a qualification meets the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section only where the operator is employed by (and operating the equipment for) the employer that issued the qualification. (2) Licensing criteria. (3) A license issued by a government accredited crane operator testing organization that meets the requirements of this option: (i) Meets the operator qualification requirements of this section for operation of equipment only within the jurisdiction of the government entity. (ii) The operator’s trainer is either a certified operator under this section. (2) The tasks performed by the operator-in-training while operating the equipment must be within the operatorin-training’s ability. The operator-in-training must be monitored by the operator’s trainer at all times. (3) Trainer. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. If the auditor determines that there is a significant deficiency (‘‘deficiency’’) in the program. or has passed the written portion of a certification test under one of the options in paragraphs (b) through (e) of this section. (ii) The testing meets industry recognized criteria for written testing materials. (6) A qualification under this paragraph is: (i) Not portable. (2) A qualification under this paragraph is: (i) Not portable. they must communicate verbally or by hand signals. (iv) The licensing department/office has testing procedures for re-licensing designed to ensure that the operator continues to meet the technical knowledge and skills requirements in paragraphs (j)(1) and (2) of this section. except for short breaks where all of the following are met: (i) The break lasts no longer than 15 minutes and there is no more than one break per hour. military is a Federal employee of the Department of Defense or Armed Forces and does not include employees of private contractors. (1) The employer must provide each operator-in-training with sufficient training prior to operating the equipment to enable the operator-in-training to operate the equipment safely under limitations established by this section (including continuous monitoring) and any additional limitations established by the employer. the operatorin-training must be continuously monitored by an individual (‘‘operator’s trainer’’) who meets all of the following requirements: (i) The operator’s trainer is an employee or agent of the operator-in-training’s employer. All rights reserved. of the operator applicant regarding.1427 Operator qualification and certification in accordance with paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section. military for operation of the equipment. (iv) Records of the audits of the employer’s program are maintained by the auditor for three years and are made available by the auditor to the Secretary of Labor or the Secretary’s designated representative upon request. Rev0913 . For tower cranes: The operator’s trainer and the operator-in-training must be in direct communication with each other. (1) For purposes of this section. grading. While operating the equipment.

or in a tank farm. with answers given verbally. (iv) Application of safe shut-down and securing procedures. (g) Under this section.] (j) Certification criteria. (E) Technical knowledge applicable to: (1) The suitability of the supporting ground and surface to handle expected loads. except where the operator’s trainer determines that the operator-intraining skills are sufficient for this high-skill work.1412(d) (shift inspection). (B) Use of. (h) Language and Literacy Requirements. 2010. (ii) Demonstrates the ability to use the type of written manufacturer procedures applicable to the class/ type of equipment for which the candidate is seeking certification. Qualifications and certifications must be based. (v) In multiple-lift rigging operations. (i) [Reserved. including the following: (i) Ability to recognize. (F) This subpart. (3) Site access. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. including applicable incorporated materials.1428 Signal person qualifications. Rev0913 55 . at a minimum. where the operator candidate: (i) Passes a written demonstration of literacy relevant to the work. the employer must train that employee prior to operating the equipment. or within 50 feet of a power line that is over 350 kV.1408(a)(1)). including all of the following: (A) The controls and operational/ performance characteristics. (a) The employer of the signal person must ensure that each signal person meets the Qualification Requirements (paragraph (c) of this section) prior to giving any signals. (iii) Application of load chart information. The operator is qualified under paragraph (b)(2) of this section to operate equipment that is furnished with materials required by this subpart that are written in the language of the certification. § 1926. and the ability to calculate (manually or with a calculator). from visual and auditory observation. (ii) If the equipment is used to hoist personnel. This requirement must be met by using either Option (1) or Option (2) of this section. (2) Site hazards. (k) Phase-in. (ii) Operational and maneuvering skills. 2014.1427 Operator qualification and certification (ii) Immediately prior to the break the operator’s trainer informs the operator-in-training of the specific tasks that the operator-in-training is to perform and limitations to which he/she must adhere during the operator trainer’s break. The signal person has documentation from a third party qualified evaluator (see Qualified Evaluator (third party). § 1926. (C) Procedures for preventing and responding to power line contact. on the following: (1) A determination through a written test that: (i) The individual knows the information necessary for safe operation of the specific type of equipment the individual will operate. (2) Tests under this section may be administered in any language the operator candidate understands. (1) Option (1)—Third party qualified evaluator. All rights reserved. except for paragraphs (a)(2) and (f ) which are applicable November 10. (iii) In multiple-equipment lifts. (ii) Where an employee assigned to operate machinery does not have the required knowledge or ability to operate the equipment safely. (2) A determination through a practical test that the individual has the skills necessary for safe operation of the equipment. (2) When § 1926. (D) Technical knowledge similar to the subject matter criteria listed in Appendix C of this subpart applicable to the specific type of equipment the individual will operate. 2014: (i) The employer must ensure that operators of equipment covered by this standard are competent to operate the equipment safely. if operated up to the equipment’s maximum working radius in the work zone (see § 1926.1427(a)(1) is not applicable. (iii) The specific tasks that the operator-in-training will perform during the operator trainer’s break are within the operator-in-training’s abilities. (1) Tests under this section may be administered verbally. (5) The operator-in-training must not operate the equipment in any of the following circumstances unless the exception stated in paragraph (f )(5)(v) of this section is applicable: (i) If any part of the equipment. could get within 20 feet of a power line that is up to 350 kV. all of the requirements in paragraphs (k)(2)(i) and (ii) of this section apply until November 10. The employer must ensure that each operator is evaluated to confirm that he/she understands the information provided in the training. load/ capacity information on a variety of configurations of the equipment. (ii) The individual is able to read and locate relevant information in the equipment manual and other materials containing information referred to in paragraph (j)(1)(i) of this section. the items listed in § 1926. Use of the Appendix C criteria meets the requirements of this provision. The operator may only operate equipment furnished with such materials. (1) The provisions of this section are applicable November 8. and the operator’s certificate must note the language in which the test was given. cofferdam. load line or load (including rigging and lifting accessories). (iv) If the equipment is used over a shaft.§ 1926.1401 for definition) showing that the signal Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. a testing entity is permitted to provide training as well as testing services as long as the criteria of the applicable accrediting agency (in the option selected) for an organization providing both services are met.

(4) The employer must train each operator of the equipment covered by this subpart in the following practices: (i) On friction equipment.1427(a) from the requirements of § 1926. (b) If subsequent actions by the signal person indicate that the individual does not meet the Qualification Requirements (see paragraph (c) of this section). the signal person must know and understand the Standard Method for hand signals. § 1926.1427. (2) Transitional Period.1427 on the safe operation of the equipment the operator will be using. During the four-year phase-in period for operator certification or qualification. (3) Operators excepted from the requirements of § 1926. (d) Competent persons and qualified persons.1417(f ) and (g). (4) Know and understand the relevant requirements of § 1926.1430 Training. or (ii) Are familiar with the operation.1428. radio signals. (ii) Where available. (5) Demonstrate that he/she meets the requirements in paragraphs (c)(1) through (4) of this section through an oral or written test. etc. inspect the equipment.1408(g) and § 1926.1410(m) in the topics listed in § 1926. (f ) Tag-out.1428(c) in the areas addressed in that paragraph. hand signals. If hand signals are used. (c) Operators. The employer must train each operator-in-training in the areas addressed in § 1926. (g) Training administration.1428 Signal person qualifications person meets the Qualification Requirements (see paragraph (c) of this section). (a) Maintenance. the employer must not allow the individual to continue working as a signal person until re-training is provided and a reassessment is made in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section that confirms that the individual meets the Qualification Requirements. (3) The employer must make the documentation for whichever option is used available at the site while the signal person is employed by the employer. (1) Operators-in-Training for equipment where certification or qualification is required by this subpart. limitations. (2) The personnel either: (i) Operate the equipment under the direct supervision of an operator who meets the requirements of § 1926. a repair is necessary. the manufacturer’s emergency procedures for halting unintended equipment movement.1427(j).) for which the signal person meets the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section. (e) Crush/pinch points. characteristics and hazards associated with the type of equipment. or verify its performance. The employer must train each employee specified in § 1926. (b) Signal persons. as provided in § 1926. in the tag-out and start-up procedures in §§ 1926.1408(g).g. All rights reserved. § 1926. An assessment by an employer’s qualified evaluator under this option is not portable—other employers are not permitted to use it to meet the requirements of this section. The employer must train each competent person and each qualified person regarding the requirements of this subpart applicable to their respective roles. Rev0913 . The employer must train each employee who works with the equipment to keep clear of holes. 56 (b) Maintenance and repair personnel must meet the definition of a qualified person with respect to the equipment and maintenance/repair tasks performed. except that typically there is no means of adjusting the brake. first raise the boom a short distance (sufficient to take the load of the boom) to determine if the boom hoist brake needs to be adjusted.1419 through § 1926. and through a practical test.1417(f ) and (j) for additional requirements.1427(j). NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. The employer must provide re-training if the operator-in-training does not pass a qualification or certification test. § 1926. if the brake does not hold. On other types of equipment with a boom. The employer must provide training as follows: (a) Overhead powerlines.1422 and § 1926. employers must train each operator who has not yet been certified or qualified in the areas addressed in § 1926. The employer must train each employee who will be assigned to work as a signal persons who does not meet the requirements of § 1926. inspection and repair personnel are permitted to operate the equipment only where all of the following requirements are met: (1) The operation is limited to those functions necessary to perform maintenance.§ 1926. (2) Option (2)—Employer’s qualified evaluator. Each signal person must: (1) Know and understand the type of signals used.1401 for definition) evaluator assesses the individual and determines that the individual meets the Qualification Requirements (see paragraph (c) of this section) and provides documentation of that determination. The employer must train each operator excepted under § 1926. including the crane dynamics involved in swinging and stopping loads and boom deflection from hoisting loads. The employer must train each operator and each additional employee authorized to start/energize equipment or operate equipment controls (such as maintenance and repair employees).1427 (Operator qualification and certification). the same practice is applicable. (3) Have a basic understanding of equipment operation and limitations. and crush/pinch points and the hazards addressed in § 1926.1427(k).1424 (Work area control). The documentation must specify each type of signaling (e. (2) Be competent in the application of the type of signals used. (c) Qualification Requirements. whenever moving a boom off a support.1429 Qualifications of maintenance & repair employees. The employer’s qualified (see Qualified Evaluator (not a third party). (1) The employer must evaluate each employee required to be trained under this subpart to confirm that the Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. See § 1926.

such as a personnel hoist. load line. (iii) Solely for transfer to or from a marine worksite in a marine-hoisted personnel transfer device (see paragraph (r) of this section for requirements for hoisting these employees).1431 Hoisting personnel. The total weight of the loaded personnel platform must not exceed 50 percent of the rated capacity for the radius and configuration of the equipment (except during proof testing). aerial lift. If a device stops working properly during such opera- Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. The device(s) must prevent such damage/failure at all points where two-blocking could occur. readily visible to the operator. the total load (including the hook. Instead.1426(a)(1). and. the use of equipment in which the boom hoist mechanism can free fall is also prohibited (see § 1926. and located on footing that a qualified person has determined to be sufficiently firm and stable. (1) When using equipment to hoist employees. overhaul ball. Exception: This device is not required when hoisting personnel in pile driving operations. (5) Devices. and dismantling of conventional means of reaching the work area.1431 Hoisting personnel employee understands the information provided in the training. within one percent of level grade. elevating work platform.1426(d). (3) Whenever training is required under subpart CC. (2) Exceptions: A personnel platform is not required for hoisting employees: (i) Into and out of drill shafts that are up to and including 8 feet in diameter (see paragraph (o) of this section for requirements for hoisting these employees). (4) When the occupied personnel platform is in a stationary working position. except during proof testing. (vi) Controlled load lowering. or scaffold. the employees must be in a personnel platform that meets the requirements of paragraph (e) of this section. based on the conduct of the employee or an evaluation of the employee’s knowledge. When hoisting personnel without a personnel platform pursuant to paragraph (b)(2) of this section. (2) Capacity: Use of boom-attached personnel platforms. This system or device must be used when hoisting personnel. the employer must provide the training at no cost to the employee. rigging and any other equipment that imposes a load) must not exceed 50 percent of the rated capacity for the radius and configuration of the equipment. (d) Equipment criteria. the load and boom hoist brakes. (iii) Equipment with a luffing jib must be equipped with: (A) A jib angle indicator. load line and rigging) must not exceed 50 percent of the rated capacity for the radius and configuration of the equipment. and operator actuated secondary braking and locking features (such as pawls or dogs) or automatic secondary brakes must be engaged. (i) Equipment (except for derricks and articulating cranes) with a variable angle boom must be equipped with all of the following: (A) A boom angle indicator. or similar component. (iv) Equipment with telescoping booms must be equipped with a device to indicate the boom’s extended length clearly to the operator. Note: Free fall of the load line hoist is prohibited (see § 1926. (2) Equipment with outriggers or stabilizers must have them all extended and locked. (1) The equipment must be uniformly level. A device which automatically prevents damage and load failure from contact between the load block. (v) Anti two-block. § 1926. (3) Capacity: Hoisting personnel without a personnel platform. which regulates the lowering rate of speed of the hoist mechanism. or must have measuring marks on the boom. and the boom tip (or fixed upper block or similar component) must be used. readily visible to the operator. (ii) Articulating cranes must be equipped with a properly functioning automatic overload protection device. swing brakes. Personnel hoisting operations must not begin unless the devices listed in this section are in proper working order. other than the load line hoist brake. except during proof testing. or is not possible because of the project’s structural design or worksite conditions. there is an indication that retraining is necessary.§ 1926. Rev0913 57 . (vii) Proper operation required. stairway. (c) Equipment set-up. paragraph (p)(2) of this section specifies how to prevent two-blocking during such operations. would be more hazardous. The load line hoist drum must have a system. (iv) In storage-tank (steel or concrete). (b) Use of personnel platform. (1) Capacity: Use of suspended personnel platforms. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. including the hook. ladder. shaft and chimney operations (see paragraph (s) of this section for requirements for hoisting these employees). (ii) In pile driving operations (see paragraph (p) of this section for requirements for hoisting these employees). (B) A jib hoist limiting device. (2) The employer must provide refresher training in relevant topics for each employee when. The amount of extension must be the same for all outriggers and stabilizers and in accordance with manufacturer procedures and load charts. (a) The use of equipment to hoist employees is prohibited except where the employer demonstrates that the erection. use. All rights reserved. The requirements of this section are supplemental to the other requirements in this subpart and apply when one or more employees are hoisted. and (B) A boom hoist limiting device. The total load (with the platform loaded. This paragraph does not apply to work covered by subpart R (Steel Erection) of this part.

the operator must safely stop operations. (10) In addition to the use of hard hats. folding. their tools. (i) Personnel platforms must be used only for employees. in place. must be capable of supporting. (3) The suspension system must be designed to minimize tipping of the platform due to movement of employees occupying the platform. eliminating the throat opening. and the materials necessary to do their work. (ii) Exception: Materials and tools to be used during the lift. Personnel hoisting operations must not resume until the device is again working properly. (8) Access gates/doors. Such devices must be closed and locked when attached. (1) A qualified person familiar with structural design must design the personnel platform and attachment/ suspension system used for hoisting personnel. (1) The personnel platform must not be loaded in excess of its rated capacity. (3) Rigging hardware (including wire rope. (2) Use. (i) Hooks used in the connection between the hoist line and the personnel platform (including hooks on overhaul ball assemblies. each bridle leg must be connected to a master link or shackle (see paragraph (g)(1) of this section) in a manner that ensures that the load is evenly divided among the bridle legs. Where rotation resistant rope is used. (e) Personnel platform criteria. regardless of boom angle. unless full protection is necessary. their tools and materials necessary to do their work. employees must be protected by overhead protection on the personnel platform when employees are exposed to falling objects. access gates/doors of all types (including swinging.) (6) Direct attachment of a personnel platform to a luffing jib is prohibited.27 cm). (2) The system used to connect the personnel platform to the equipment must allow the platform to remain within 10 degrees of level. such as a 1-person platform. (ii) Be equipped with a device that prevents accidental opening. or other attachment assemblies or components) must be: (A) Of a type that can be closed and locked. (2) Rope bridle. (5) All welding of the personnel platform and its components must be performed by a certified welder familiar with the weld grades. The platform overhead protection must not obscure the view of the operator or platform occupants (such as wire mesh that has up to 1⁄2 inch openings). (6) The personnel platform must be equipped with a guardrail system which meets the requirements of subpart M of this part. and must be enclosed at least from the toeboard to mid-rail with either solid construction material or expanded metal having openings no greater than 1⁄2 inch (1. All rights reserved. without failure.1417 for tag-out and related requirements. shackles.§ 1926. the slings must be capable of supporting without failure at least ten times the maximum intended load. and other rigging hardware) and hooks must be capable of supporting. or (B) Of the screw type. rings. (11) All edges exposed to employee contact must be smooth enough to prevent injury. Points to which personal fall arrest systems are attached must meet the anchorage requirements in subpart M of this part. Platforms must not be used to hoist materials or tools when not hoisting personnel. they must be of the type that can be closed and locked to the same extent as the devices addressed in paragraphs (g)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section. When a rope bridle is used to suspend the personnel platform. Alternative measures are not permitted. master links. at least five times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to that component. it is infeasible for the door to swing inward and allow safe entry for the platform occupant. (g) Attachment and rigging. (4) Eyes in wire rope slings must be fabricated with thimbles. (See § 1926. (3) Materials and tools must be: (i) Secured to prevent displacement. with either: (A) A bolt. whichever is less. (iii) Where other detachable devices are used. or other types) must: (i) Not swing outward. (B) Closed and locked when attached. (ii) Shackles used in place of hooks must be of the alloy anchor type. nut and retaining pin. types and material specified in the platform design. its own weight and at least five times the maximum intended load. 58 (f ) Personnel platform loading. (5) Bridles and associated rigging for suspending the personnel platform must be used only for the platform and the necessary employees. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. If due to the size of the personnel platform. (ii) Evenly distributed within the confines of the platform while it is suspended. (4) The personnel platform itself (excluding the guardrail system and personal fall arrest system anchorages). The bridles and associated Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (7) A grab rail must be installed inside the entire perimeter of the personnel platform except for access gates/doors. sliding. if secured and distributed in accordance with paragraph (f )(3) of this section may be in the platform for trial lifts. bridle legs. (1) Hooks and other detachable devices. then the access gate/door may swing outward. without failure.1431 Hoisting personnel tions. (12) The weight of the platform and its rated capacity must be conspicuously posted on the platform with a plate or other permanent marking. with the screw pin secured from accidental removal. (4) The number of employees occupying the personnel platform must not exceed the maximum number the platform was designed to hold or the number required to perform the work. Rev0913 . lower load blocks. If installed. (9) Headroom must be sufficient to allow employees to stand upright in the platform.

1415 and § 1926.1416. base support or ground. to determine whether the trial lift has exposed any defect or problem or produced any adverse effect. cautious manner. braked. (1) At each jobsite. (iii) The lift will not exceed 50 percent of the equipment’s rated capacity at any time during the lift. (6) Any condition found during the trial lift and subsequent inspection(s) that fails to meet a requirement of this standard or otherwise creates a safety hazard must be corrected before hoisting personnel.1417 for tag-out and related requirements. (5) Tag lines must be used when necessary to control the platform. Other safety devices and operational aids must meet the requirements of § 1926. Where there is more than one location to be reached from a single set-up position. the operator must not move the platform until the operator receives confirmation that it is freely suspended. lowering. prior to hoisting employees on the personnel platform. Where the platform is not equipped with controls. (7) Platforms with controls. in which the platform is moved sequentially to each location. (3) After proof testing. the hoisting system must be inspected to ensure that all ropes are properly seated on drums and in sheaves. (ii) Not stand. (See § 1926. and in view of the equipment. (C) The primary attachment must be centered over the platform. (h) Trial lift and inspection. (3) The competent person must determine that: (i) Safety devices and operational aids required by this section are activated and functioning properly. If any deficiencies are found that pose a safety hazard. and held in a suspended position for a minimum of five minutes with the test load evenly distributed on the platform. (2) The trial lift must be performed immediately prior to each shift in which personnel will be hoisted. or use any other means/device to raise their working height. controlled. In addition. the equipment operator must remain at the equipment controls. (k) Work practices. the platform and rigging must be proof tested to 125 percent of the platform’s rated capacity. and after any repair or modification. (B) Multiple part lines must not be twisted around each other. Where the platform is equipped with controls. sit on. a competent person must inspect the platform and rigging to determine if the test has been passed.1413(a).) (4) Personnel hoisting must not be conducted until the competent person determines that the platform and rigging have successfully passed the proof test. unless the employer can demonstrate that securing to the structure would create a greater hazard. (ii) Confirm that. (4) If the platform is tied to the structure. the test weight has been removed. All rights reserved. (6) Platforms without controls. must be performed. and a competent person determines that the test has been passed. Rev0913 59 . (2) The platform must be lowered by controlled load lowering. unless the competent person determines that the new route presents no new factors affecting safety. with no sudden movements of the equipment or the platform. (iii) Not pull the platform out of plumb in relation to the hoisting equipment. (iv) The load radius to be used during the lift has been accurately determined. the platform and rigging must not be used to hoist personnel unless the deficiencies are corrected. This provision does not apply to an occupant of the platform when necessary to position the platform or while performing the duties of a signal person. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (ii) The following conditions must be determined by a competent person to exist before the lift of personnel proceeds: (A) Hoist ropes must be free of deficiencies in accordance with § 1926. (4) Immediately after the trial lift. (1) A trial lift with the unoccupied personnel platform loaded at least to the anticipated liftweight must be made from ground level. all of the following must be met at all times while the platform is occupied: Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. the competent person must: (i) Conduct a visual inspection of the equipment. and personnel platform. (See § 1926. (5) Immediately prior to each lift: (i) The platform must be hoisted a few inches with the personnel and materials/tools on board and inspected by a competent person to ensure that it is secure and properly balanced. or work from the top or intermediate rail or toeboard. either individual trial lifts for each location. (3) Before employees exit or enter a hoisted personnel platform that is not landed.] (j) Proof testing.1417 for tag-out and related requirements.§ 1926. the trial lift must be repeated prior to hoisting employees in each of the following circumstances: (i) The equipment is moved and set up in a new location or returned to a previously used location. on site. The proof test may be done concurrently with the trial lift. (2) Platform occupants must: (i) Keep all parts of the body inside the platform during raising. (1) Hoisting of the personnel platform must be performed in a slow. upon the completion of the trial lift process. to each location at which the platform is to be hoisted and positioned. (D) If the load rope is slack. (ii) Nothing interferes with the equipment or the personnel platform in the course of the trial lift.) (i) [Reserved. (ii) The lift route is changed.1431 Hoisting personnel rigging must not have been used for any purpose other than hoisting personnel. and horizontal movement. the test is repeated. the method selected must be the same as the method that will be used to hoist the personnel. at all times while the platform is occupied. the platform must be secured to the structure where the work is to be performed. or a single trial lift. or any other location where employees will enter the platform.

(ii) The fall arrest system. (k)(8). (12) Traveling—equipment other than derricks. If it is not. signal person (if used for the lift). (k)(6). NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (B) Where a runway is used. attached independent of the crane/derrick. (C) Equipment travel must be limited to boom length. (i) Except over water. (f )(1). if already in progress. (e)(3). employees to be hoisted. (l) [Reserved. (d)(4).1431 Hoisting personnel (i) The occupant using the controls in the platform must be a qualified person with respect to their use. (d)(1). All rights reserved. (h). (e)(2). Derricks are prohibited from traveling while personnel are hoisted. all of the following criteria must be met: 60 (A) Equipment travel must be restricted to a fixed track or runway. (k)(1). and must be on site and in view of the equipment. prepared and designated as a path of travel for the weight and configuration of the equipment being used to lift and travel with the personnel platform. (k)(11)(i). all of the following requirements must be met: (1) The employee must be in either a personnel platform or on a boatswain’s chair. (2) Attended by the equipment operator. (f )(2)(i). Rev0913 . (ii) Where employees are hoisted while the equipment is traveling. A qualified person must determine if. Where the terms ‘‘personnel platform’’ or ‘‘platform’’ are used in these paragraphs.502. if already in progress. substitute them with ‘‘boatswain’s chair. (D) The boom must be parallel to the direction of travel. (iii) The employee must be hoisted in a slow. (k)(9). except where it is safer to do otherwise. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (i) No lifts must be made on any other of the equipment’s load lines while personnel are being hoisted. or other impending or existing danger. a qualified person must determine if. (i) Wind. including the safe limitations of the equipment and hazards associated with its operation. When working over or near water. including a full body harness. it is not safe to lift personnel. This trial run can be performed at the same time as the trial lift required by paragraph (h) of this section which tests the lift route. (9) Employees being hoisted must remain in direct communication with the signal person (where used). (E) A complete trial run must be performed to test the route of travel before employees are allowed to occupy the platform. the requirements of § 1926. the lifting operation must not begin (or. When hoisting employees into and out of drill shafts that are up to and including 8 feet in diameter. in light of indications of dangerous weather conditions. and the person responsible for the task to be performed. (8) Environmental conditions. (3) If using a boatswain’s chair: (i) The following paragraphs of this section apply: (a). (ii) Other weather and environmental conditions. (c). the lifting operation must not begin (or. (m). except in pile driving operations. including the attachment point (anchorage) used to comply with paragraph (i) of this section. it is not safe to lift personnel. The system must be attached to a structural member within the personnel platform. in light of the wind conditions. (o) Hoisting personnel in drill shafts. (iv) The employee must use personal fall protection equipment. except for work covered by subpart V of this part (Power Transmission and Distribution). employees occupying the personnel platform must be provided and use a personal fall arrest system. is prohibited. A pre-lift meeting must be: (1) Held to review the applicable requirements of this section and the procedures that will be followed. (e)(1).106 apply. (i) Hoisting of employees while the equipment is traveling is prohibited. or the operator. (3) Held prior to the trial lift at each new work location. (11) Other load lines. paragraphs (a) through (n) of this section apply. (10) Fall protection. Loads are permitted to be hoisted by such a winch while employees occupy the personnel platform only where the load on the winch line does not exceed 500 pounds and does not exceed the rated capacity of the winch and platform. (C) This exception does not apply to rubber-tired equipment.§ 1926.] (m) Pre-lift meeting. must be terminated). When wind speed (sustained or gusts) exceeds 20 mph at the personnel platform. (g).’’ (ii) A signal person must be stationed at the shaft opening. (f )(3)(i). Hoisting personnel within 20 feet of a power line that is up to 350 kV. (v) The fall protection equipment must meet the applicable requirements in § 1926. controlled descent and ascent. and hoisting personnel within 50 feet of a power line that is over 350 kV. or (B) Where the employer demonstrates that there is no less hazardous way to perform the work. (2) If using a personnel platform. (13) Traveling—derricks. (d)(3). (n) Hoisting personnel near power lines. except for: (A) Equipment that travels on fixed rails.502. (iii) The platform operating manual must be in the platform or on the equipment. must be terminated). it must be a firm. and must be repeated for any employees newly assigned to the operation. An existing surface may be used as long as it meets these criteria. must meet the requirements in § 1926. (ii) Factory-produced boom-mounted personnel platforms that incorporate a winch as original equipment. (ii) The equipment operator must be at a set of equipment controls that include boom and swing functions of the equipment. level surface designed. (n). If it is not.

(h). (e)(3). the following requirements must be met: (1) The employee must be in a personnel platform or boatswain’s chair. (k)(6).1432 Multiple-crane/derrick lifts— supplemental requirements.1432 Multiple-crane/derrick lifts—supplemental requirements (vi) The boatswain’s chair itself (excluding the personal fall arrest system anchorages). When hoisting an employee in pile driving operations. (k)(11)(i). (3) If using a personnel platform. Where the terms ‘‘personnel platform’’ or ‘‘platform’’ are used in these paragraphs. (k)(1). (n). (k)(12). shaft and chimney operations. (c). (iii) The employee must use personal fall protection equipment. without failure. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (3) If using a marine-hoisted personnel transfer device: (i) The following paragraphs of this section apply: (a). (f )(1). the employer must ensure that it is provided. (d)(4). substitute them with ‘‘boatswains chair. (vii) No more than one person must be hoisted at a time. shaft and chimney operations.’’ (ii) The employee must be hoisted in a slow. (g). When hoisting an employee in storage tank (steel or concrete). Where the terms ‘‘personnel platform’’ or ‘‘platform’’ are used in these paragraphs. (h). without failure. substitute them with ‘‘marine-hoisted personnel transfer device. When there is no adequate structure for attachment of personal fall arrest equipment as required in § 1926. a boatswain’s chair must be used. (iv) The fall protection equipment must meet the applicable requirements in § 1926. (a) Plan development. (vi) No more than one person must be hoisted at a time. (h). (f )(3)(i). (k) (8). (d)(3). (k)(11)(i). (j). (c). (m). (d)(4). (b) Plan implementation. (q) [Reserved. or use a spotter who is in direct communication with the operator to inform the operator when this point is reached. or by a competent per- Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (3) Where the qualified person determines that engineering expertise is needed for the planning. (e)(1). (k)(10) (ii). (f ) (1). attached independent of the crane/derrick. (k)(8).S. (c)(2). Where the terms ‘‘personnel platform’’ or ‘‘platform’’ are used in these paragraphs. (2) If using a personnel platform. (e)(1). (d)(3). § 1926. (vi) No more than one person must be hoisted at a time. When hoisting employees solely for transfer to or from a marine worksite. (g). (d)(1). (e)(1) through (5). (2) For lattice boom cranes: Clearly mark the cable (so that it can easily be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to prevent two-blocking. All rights reserved. Before beginning a crane/derrick operation in which more than one crane/derrick will be supporting the load. (e)(2). substitute them with ‘‘boatswains chair.’’ (ii) The employee must be hoisted in a slow.502. and use a spotter who is in direct communication with the operator to inform the operator when this point is reached. (p) Hoisting personnel for pile driving operations. its own weight and at least five times the maximum intended load. (iii) The number of workers occupying the transfer device must not exceed the maximum number it was designed to hold. independently attached to the lower load block or overhaul ball. paragraphs (b) through (n) of this section apply. paragraphs (a) through (n) of this section apply. (d)(1). controlled descent and ascent. The planning must meet the following requirements: (1) The plan must be developed by a qualified person. (iv) Each employee must wear a U. Coast Guard personal flotation device approved for industrial use. and (n). Rev0913 61 . (m). (f )(1). (2) The plan must be designed to ensure that the requirements of this subpart are met. (iii) The employee must use personal fall protection equipment. (e)(3). (f )(3)(i).§ 1926. (k)(6). must be capable of supporting. its own weight and at least five times the maximum intended load. (k)(8). (4) If using a boatswain’s chair: (i) The following paragraphs of this section apply: (a). must be capable of supporting. (k)(9).502.’’ (ii) The transfer device must be used only for transferring workers. (e)(2). (s) Hoisting personnel for storage-tank (steel or concrete). (g).502(d)(15). (k)(9). the following requirements must be met: (1) The employee must be in either a personnel platform or a marine-hoisted personnel transfer device. must be capable of supporting. (k)(1). (2) If using a personnel platform. its own weight and at least five times the maximum intended load. the following requirements must be met: (1) The employee must be in a personnel platform except when the employer can demonstrate that use of a personnel platform is infeasible. paragraphs (a) through (n) of this section apply. and (n). (k)(9). including a full body harness. (e) (12). (k)(1). For telescopic boom cranes: Clearly mark the cable (so that it can be easily seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to prevent two-blocking. (f )(2)(i). (v) The boatswain’s chair itself (excluding the personal fall arrest system anchorages). controlled descent and ascent. (d)(1). (d)(3). (3) If using a boatswain’s chair: (i) The following paragraphs of this section apply: (a). in such a case.] (r) Hoisting personnel for marine transfer. (m). (v) The boatswain’s chair itself (excluding the personal fall arrest system anchorages). (d)(4). (j). (1) The multiple-crane/derrick lift must be directed by a person who meets the criteria for both a competent person and a qualified person. (k)(11)(i). (iv) The fall protection equipment must meet the applicable requirements in § 1926. including a full body harness. (f )(2)(i). the operation must be planned. the attachment must be to the lower load block or overhaul ball. without failure.

the following additional requirements must be met: (i) The following applies to equipment with cantilevered booms (such as hydraulic boom cranes): The analysis methodology (computer modeling) must demonstrate that all load cases listed in SAE J1063 (Nov.6) must be performed to load all critical structural elements to their respective limits.6). § 1926. boom angles. All rights reserved. see § 1926.9. (10) Section 5–1. jib lengths and angles (or offset). (b) Mobile (including crawler and truck) and locomotive cranes manufactured on or after November 8. Rev0913 . (7) Section 5–1. see § 1926.5 (‘‘Crane Travel’’). The testing and verification requirements of BS EN 13000:2004 (incorporated by reference.6). (16) In section 5–1. boom lengths and configurations. The following requirements apply to equipment that has a manufacturer-rated hoisting/lifting capacity of more than 2. 2003) Table 2 (incorporated by reference. All the strength margins listed in SAE J987 (Jun.3. (2) Test Option B.5. see § 1926.6) must be performed to load all critical structural elements to their respective limits. at a minimum. (ii) The following applies to equipment with pendant supported lattice booms: All the tests listed in SAE J987 (Jun. such as outriggers. 62 Note: Prototype testing of crawler. No.6) meet the strength margins listed in SAE J987 (Jun.1 (c). (11) Section 5–1. (8) In section 5–1. (2) In section 5–1.6) must be met. Tower cranes manufactured on or after November 8.3.1 (‘‘Boom Hoist Mechanism’’).3(d). see § 1926.6). (e). truck and locomotive cranes manufactured prior to November 8.5–1968 (incorporated by reference.6.4 (‘‘Sheaves’’). 2003) (incorporated by reference.1414(c)(4)(ii)(A) applies.6) must be met. and extra counterweights. (b) (including subparagraphs).2 (‘‘Load Ratings— Where Structural Competence Governs Lifting Performance’’). 1993) Table 1 (incorporated by reference. construction and testing. see § 1926.7. (1) Test Option A. paragraphs (a). stabilizers. all provisions except 5–1. (15) Section 5–1. (4) In section 5–1. (6) Section 5–1. (14) Section 5–1. In applying BS EN 13000:2004. paragraphs (a)—(d) (including subparagraphs).4 (‘‘Swing Mechanism’’).000 pounds. The information available in the cab (see § 1926. (b)(1) and (b)(2). construction. 2003) Table 1 (incorporated by reference.2 (‘‘Stability (Backward and Forward)’’).1. (5) In section 5–1. All the strength margins listed in SAE J1063 (Nov. see § 1926. the following information: (i) A complete range of the manufacturer’s equipment rated capacities.3 (‘‘Telescoping Boom’’).4 (‘‘Locomotive Crane Equipment’’). (a) Crawler. see § 1926.3. 2 (1968) (incorporated by reference.5 (‘‘Sheave sizes’’). 2010 must meet the prototype testing requirements in Test Option A or Test Option B of this section. and (f ). all provisions except 5–1.2 (‘‘Load Hoist Mechanism’’).1433 Design. (c) Prototype testing: mobile (including crawler and truck) and locomotive cranes manufactured on or after November 8. (3) Section 5–1. (ii) The following applies to equipment with pendant supported lattice booms: The analysis methodology (computer modeling) must demonstrate that all load cases listed in SAE J987 (Jun.7 (‘‘Clutch and Brake Protection’’).7. 1993) Table 2.9. 1993) (incorporated by reference. 2003) (incorporated by reference. paragraph (f ).1 (‘‘Booms’’). 2010 must meet the applicable requirements for design. (iii) Analysis verification. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. 2010 must meet the prototype testing requirements in BS EN 14439:2006 (incorporated by reference. (13) Section 5–1. (B) Alternate ratings for use and nonuse of option equipment which affects rated capacities. The physical testing requirements under SAE J1063 (Nov.6) as applicable: (1) In section 5–1.§ 1926.9. see § 1926. except that when using rotation resistant rope.6) must be met unless the reliability of the analysis methodology (computer modeling) has been demonstrated by a documented history of verification through strain gauge measuring or strain gauge measuring in combination with other physical testing. see § 1926. or the applicable DIN standards that were in effect at the time of manufacture. work areas. (c). (i) The following applies to equipment with cantilevered booms (such as hydraulic boom cranes): All the tests listed in SAE J1063 (Nov. see § 1926. (c) (first sentence only) and (d). as follows: (A) At all manufacturer approved operating radii. paragraphs (a)(2) through (a)(4) (including subparagraphs). the requirements in paragraph (b) of this section. 2010 must meet the following portions of ASME B30.6) meet the strength margins listed in SAE J1063 (Nov. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. 2003) Table 2.6 (‘‘Controls’’).6) and SAE J987 (Jun.9. § 1926. see § 1926.3 (‘‘Outriggers’’). PCSA Std. and testing as prescribed in ANSI B30. locomotive and truck cranes manufactured prior to November 8. see § 1926. see § 1926. 1993) Table 2 (incorporated by reference. (12) In section 5–1.6) must be met.1 (‘‘Load Ratings— Where Stability Governs Lifting Performance’’). paragraph (b).9.11 (‘‘Miscellaneous equipment’’).5–2004 (incorporated by reference. paragraphs (a). (d) All equipment covered by this subpart must meet the following requirements: (1) Rated capacity and related information. 1993) (incorporated by reference.1432 Multiple-crane/derrick lifts—supplemental requirements son who is assisted by one or more qualified persons (lift director). (2) The lift director must review the plan in a meeting with all workers who will be involved with the operation. (9) In section 5–1.1.1417(c)) regarding ‘‘rated capacity’’ and related information must include. 2010 must conform to paragraph (a) of this section.

fly wheels. (vi) Recommended boom hoist reeving diagram.3. Sliding operator doors must open rearward. Windows with sections designed to be opened must be designed so that they can be secured to prevent inadvertent closure. (v) Areas of the cab roof that serve as a workstation for rigging. rotate or otherwise move must be guarded where contact by employees (except for maintenance and repair employees) is possible in the performance of normal duties. (C) Windows must be of safety glass or material with similar optical and safety properties. sprockets. (iv) A clear passageway must be provided from the operator’s station to an exit door on the operator’s side. and any limiting conditions or cautions. Swinging doors adjacent to the operator must open outward. pulleys. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (iii) The work area figure and load chart must clearly indicate the areas where no load is to be handled. windshield wiper. chains. (xvi) Hydraulic relief valve settings specified by the manufacturer.§ 1926. (ii) Cab doors (swinging. Figure 11). Posted warnings required by this subpart as well as those originally supplied with the equipment by the manufacturer must be maintained in legible condition.5–2004. (ii) Hooks without latches. Equipment with cabs must meet the following requirements: (i) Cabs must be designed with a form of adjustable ventilation and method for clearing the windshield for maintaining visibility and air circulation. sliding) must be designed to prevent inadvertent opening or closing while traveling or operating the machine. (i) Hooks must be equipped with latches. whether free fall is available. including an indication of the least stable direction. (viii) Caution or warnings relative to limitations on equipment and operating procedures. and charge air coolers must be insulated or guarded where contact by employees (except for maintenance and repair employees) is possible in the performance of normal duties. (5) Posted warnings. or any combination of these. (10) Hydraulic and pneumatic lines must be protected from damage to the extent feasible. (6) An accessible fire extinguisher must be on the equipment. (4) Latching hooks. maintenance or other equipment-related tasks must be capable of supporting 250 pounds without permanent distortion. or with latches removed or disabled. (xii) The maximum telescopic travel length of each boom telescopic section. and other parts or components that reciprocate. (xiii) Whether sections are telescoped manually or with power. construction and testing (ii) A work area chart for which capacities are listed in the load chart. All rights reserved. size. (iii) Windows. (8) Belts. (v) Recommended parts of hoist reeving. examples of means for maintaining visibility include heater (for preventing windshield icing). (xiv) The sequence and procedure for extending and retracting the telescopic boom section. may be raised or lowered. (Note: An example of this type of chart is in ASME B30. spindles. except where the requirements of paragraph (d)(4)(ii) of this section are met. shafts.1433 Design. (A) The cab must have windows in front and on both sides of the operator. turbochargers. ball assemblies and load blocks must be of sufficient weight to overhaul the line from the highest hook position for boom or boom and jib lengths and the number of parts of the line in use. (B) Routes for the loads are pre-planned to ensure that no employee is required to work in the fall zone except for employees necessary for the hooking or unhooking of the load. (xi) Whether the hoist holding mechanism is automatically or manually controlled. (ix) Position of the gantry and requirements for intermediate boom suspension (where applicable). section 5–1. drums. (11) The equipment must be designed so that exhaust fumes are not discharged in the cab and are discharged in a direction away from the operator. Rev0913 63 . (3) Hook and ball assemblies and load blocks must be marked with their rated capacity and weight. where applicable. (9) All exhaust pipes. (iii) The latch must close the throat opening and be designed to retain slings or other lifting devices/ accessories in the hook when the rigging apparatus is slack. (B) Windows may have sections designed to be opened or readily removed. Forward vertical visibility must be sufficient to give the operator a view of the boom point at all times.1. (iv) Recommended reeving for the hoist lines must be shown. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. gears. that introduce no visible distortion or otherwise obscure visibility that interferes with the safe operation of the equipment. or boom and jib combinations. size. (vii) Tire pressure (where applicable). (7) Cabs. (2) Load hooks (including latched and unlatched types). type and length of wire rope. (xv) Maximum loads permitted during the boom extending operation. and type of wire rope for various equipment loads. fan. defroster. Examples of means for adjustable ventilation include air conditioner or window that can be opened (for ventilation and air circulation). (x) Instructions for boom erection and conditions under which the boom. must not be used unless: (A) A qualified person has determined that it is safer to hoist and place the load without latches (or with the latches removed/tied-back).

and (B) Modifies load charts. (b) Erecting. jib. construction and testing (12) Friction mechanisms.1404(e). (2) Manufacturer refusal to review request. (ii) Adjustable to permit compensation for lining wear to maintain proper operation. (a)(4). the A/D director must address the following: (i) Foundations and structural supports. (4) Manufacturer does not complete the review within 120 days of the request. military. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. is asked to approve the modification/ addition. (3) Unavailable manufacturer. and § 1926. (ii) The original safety factor of the equipment is not reduced. (4) Addressing specific hazards. the employer may treat this as a manufacturer refusal to review the request under paragraph (a)(2) of this section. instruction manuals and instruction plates/tags/decals are modified as necessary to accord with the modification/addition. (13) Hydraulic load hoists. but fails to complete the review of the 64 proposal within 120 days of the date it was provided the detailed description of the proposed modification/ addition.1434 Equipment modifications. except that the term ‘‘assembly/disassembly’’ is replaced by ‘‘erecting. agrees to review the technical merits of the proposal. rejects the proposal and explains the reasons for the rejection in a written response. The manufacturer is unavailable and the requirements of paragraphs (a)(2)(i) and (ii) of this section are met. or rotating portion of the crane during erecting. (a)(3). to acknowledge the request or initiate the review. or (a)(5) of this section are met. they must be: (i) Of a size and thermal capacity sufficient to control all rated loads with the minimum recommended reeving. If the manufacturer rejects the proposal but does not explain the reasons for the rejection in writing. and the requirements of paragraphs (a)(2)(i) and (ii) of this section are met. All rights reserved. In addition.1405 (Disassembly—additional requirements for dismantling of booms and jibs (applies to both the use of manufacturer procedures and employer procedures)). but it declines to review the technical merits of the proposal or fails. climbing and dismantling. § 1926. § 1926. Where friction mechanisms (such as brakes and clutches) are used to control the boom hoist or load line hoist. (a)(2). The manufacturer is provided a detailed description of the proposed modification/addition. unless the manufacturer’s instructions direct otherwise and only the necessary personnel are permitted in this area. (3) Foundations and structural supports. the following applies: Employees must not be in or under the tower. within 30 days.1403 (Assembly/ Disassembly—selection of manufacturer or employer procedures). and the requirements of paragraphs (a)(2)(i) and (ii) of this section are met. Hydraulic drums must have an integrally mounted holding device or internal static brake to prevent load hoist movement in the event of hydraulic failure.§ 1926. (b) Modifications or additions which affect the capacity or safe operation of the equipment are prohibited where the manufacturer. for self. procedures. Tower crane foundations and structural supports (including both the portions of the structure used for support and the means of attachment) must be designed by the manufacturer or a registered professional engineer. (a) This section contains supplemental requirements for tower cranes. § 1926. (ii) The load charts.erecting tower cranes. (5) Multiple manufacturers of equipment designed for use on marine work sites.1404 (Assembly/Disassembly—general requirements (applies to all assembly and disassembly operations)). (i) The manufacturer approves the modifications/additions in writing.’’ and the term ‘‘disassembly’’ is replaced by ‘‘dismantling. climbing and dismantling. Rev0913 . The A/D director must determine that tower crane foundations Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (a) Modifications or additions which affect the capacity or safe operation of the equipment are prohibited except where the requirements of paragraphs (a)(1).’’ (2) Dangerous areas (self-erecting tower cranes). constructed and tested in accordance with those paragraphs.1434 (Equipment modifications)) and it can refer to documentation from the manufacturer showing that the equipment has been designed. (e) The employer’s obligations under paragraphs (a) through (c) and (d)(7) through (13) of this section are met where the equipment has not changed (except in accordance with § 1926. all sections of this subpart apply to tower cranes unless specified otherwise. (iii) The original safety factor of the equipment is not reduced. The requirements in § 1926.1433 Design. climbing and dismantling operations until the crane is secured in a locked position and the competent person in charge indicates it is safe to enter this area. The manufacturer is provided a detailed description of the proposed modification/addition. § 1926. (1) Section 1926. instruction manuals and instruction plates/tags/decals as necessary to accord with the modification/ addition. is asked to approve the modification/addition. The equipment is designed for marine work sites. (1) Manufacturer review and approval. In addition to the requirements in § 1926.1404(h)(1) through (9) apply. (c) The provisions in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section do not apply to modifications made or approved by the U.1435 Tower cranes. procedures.1406 (Assembly/Disassembly—employer procedures—general requirements). apply to tower cranes (except as otherwise specified). contains major structural components from more than one manufacturer.S. and all of the following are met: (i) A registered professional engineer who is a qualified person with respect to the equipment involved: (A) Approves the modification/ addition and specifies the equipment configurations to which that approval applies. after a review of the technical safety merits of the proposed modification/addition.

are required: (A) A hoist brake on all hoists. Where the manufacturer does not specify plumb tolerance. (vi) Hydraulic system pressure limiting device. the repair must be completed within 7 calendar days of receipt of the parts. Backward stability before swinging self erecting cranes or cranes on traveling or static undercarriages. (ii) Have a registered professional engineer verify that the host structure is strong enough to sustain the forces imposed through the braces. where manufacturer does not specify this information. (ii) The maximum counterweight and/ or ballast specified by the manufacturer or registered professional engineer familiar with the equipment must not be exceeded. (7) Climbing procedures.§ 1926. and during. Alternative measures are not permitted to be used. (2) The following safety devices are required on all tower cranes unless otherwise specified: (i) Boom stops on luffing boom type tower cranes. (8) Counterweight/ballast. must be followed. (d) Safety devices. (5) Plumb tolerance. The trolley rope must be marked (so it can be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the trolley prior to the end stops. the cranes must be located such that no crane can come in contact with the structure of another crane. On jobsites where more than one fixed jib (hammerhead) tower crane is installed. Wind must not exceed the speed recommended by the manufacturer or. (D) Rail travel brake. all climbing procedures (including inside climbing and top climbing). (ix) Emergency stop switch at the operator’s station.1417(j) for additional requirements. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Where these are unavailable. (ii) Jib stops on luffing boom type tower cranes if equipped with a jib attachment.1417(f ). (iv) Travel rail clamps on all travel bogies. except where the employer meets the specified temporary alternative measures.1434. (C) Trolley brake. More protective alternative measures specified by the tower crane manufacturer. unless otherwise specified. See § 1926. (B) Swing brake. the crane tower must be plumb to a tolerance of at least 1:500 (approximately 1 inch in 40 feet). If a replacement part is no longer available. A spotter who is in direct communication with the operator must be used when operations are conducted within 10 feet of the outer or inner trolley end stops. Towers must be erected plumb to the manufacturer’s tolerance and verified by a qualified person. The equipment must be taken out of service. Exception: If the employer documents that it has ordered the necessary parts within 7 calendar days of the occurrence of the deficiency. All rights reserved. (6) Multiple tower crane jobsites. The travel of the trolley must be restricted at both ends of the jib by a trolley travel limiting device to prevent the trolley from running into the trolley end stops. brace anchorages and supporting floors. the employer must: (i) Comply with all manufacturer prohibitions. (2) The devices listed in this section (‘‘operational aids’’) are required on all tower cranes covered by this subpart. the operator must safely stop operations. (c) Signs. (4) If an operational aid stops working properly during operations. dismantled or operated without the amount and position of counterweight and/or ballast in place as specified by the manufacturer or a registered professional engineer familiar with the equipment. (i) Equipment must not be erected.1416 does not apply to tower cranes. if any. the speed determined by a qualified person. (B) Option B. Rev0913 65 . Prior to.1435 Tower cranes and structural supports are installed in accordance with their design. (iii) Travel rail end stops at both ends of travel rail. (i) Trolley travel limiting device. (3) Proper operation required. and operations must not resume until the device is again working properly. (viii) Deadman control or forced neutral return control (hand) levers. (1) Section 1926. the operator must safely stop operations until the temporary alternative measures are implemented or the device is again working properly. If a device stops working properly during operations. (v) Integrally mounted check valves on all load supporting hydraulic cylinders. which must automatically set in the event of pressure loss or power failure. (ii) Loss of backward stability. (3) Operations must not begin unless the operational aids are in proper working order. (x) Trolley end stops must be provided at both ends of travel of the trolley. (1) Section 1926. (e) Operational aids. a registered professional engineer familiar with the type of equipment involved must approve in writing the size and location of any signs. (5) Category I operational aids and alternative measures. The range of the boom must be limited at the minimum and maximum radius. Cranes are permitted to pass over one another. (vii) The following brakes. Operational aids listed in this paragraph that are not working properly must be repaired no later than 7 calendar days after the deficiency occurs. The size and location of signs installed on tower cranes must be in accordance with manufacturer specifications. See § 1926. Temporary alternative measures: (A) Option A. Temporary alternative measures: Clearly Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (iii) Wind speed. (ii) Boom hoist limiting device.1415 does not apply to tower cranes. the use of a substitute device that performs the same type of function is permitted and is not considered a modification under § 1926. Operations must not begin unless the devices listed in this section are in proper working order.

The tower crane must have a device that prevents moment overloading. and the boom tip (or fixed upper block or similar component). (iii) Anti two-blocking device. the weight of the load must be determined from a source recognized by the industry (such as the load’s manufacturer). or similar component. The tower crane must be equipped with a device which automatically prevents damage from contact between the load block. Temporary alternative measure: The employer must post a notice in the cab of the crane notifying the operator that the trolley travel deceleration device is malfunctioning and instructing the operator to take special care to reduce the trolley speed when approaching the trolley end limits. the spotter must inform the operator of the distance of the travel bogies from the end stops or buffers. (6) Category II operational aids and alternative measures. Tower cranes manufactured after November 8. Temporary alternative measures: The operator must ensure that the weight of the load does not exceed the capacity of the hoist (including for each individual gear ratio if equipped with a multiple speed hoist transmission). The boom hoist drum must be equipped with a control that will enable the operator to positively lock the boom hoist drum from the cab. hydraulic or automatic control is not functioning. (vii) Rail travel limiting device. 2011 must have a hook radius indicator readable from the operator’s station. Temporary alternative measure: The employer must post a notice in the cab of the crane notifying the operator that the load hoist deceleration device is malfunctioning and instructing the operator to take special care to reduce the load speed when approaching the upper limits. the repair must be completed within 7 calendar days of receipt of the parts.1435 Tower cranes mark the cable (so it can be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the boom hoist within the minimum and maximum boom radius. or use a spotter who is in direct communication with the operator to inform the operator when this point is reached. (vi) Hoist line pull limiting device. Rev0913 . (iv) Hoist drum lower limiting device. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. the radius must be measured to ensure the load is within the rated capacity of the crane). This information must be provided to the operator prior to the lift. including each individual gear ratio if equipped with a multiple speed hoist transmission. Temporary alternative measures: The device must be manually set when required if an electric. 66 (viii) Boom hoist drum positive locking device and control. The load speed must be automatically reduced prior to the hoist reaching the upper limit.§ 1926. (v) Wind speed indicator. In addition. The trolley speed must be automatically reduced prior to the trolley reaching the end limit in both directions. Exception: If the employer documents that it has ordered the necessary parts within 7 calendar days of the occurrence of the deficiency. The capacity of the hoist must be limited to prevent overloading. it must be mounted at or above the jib level. Temporary alternative measures: Mark the cable (so it can be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist prior to last 2 wraps of hoist cable being spooled off the drum. or by other equally reliable means. Temporary alternative measures: A radius indicating device must be used (if the tower crane is not equipped with a radius indicating device. (ii) Trolley travel deceleration device. (i) Boom angle or hook radius indicator. (B) Hammerhead tower cranes manufactured after November 8. or use a spotter who is in direct communication with the operator to inform the operator when this point is reached (v) Load moment limiting device. (C) Temporary alternative measures: Hook radii or boom angle must be determined by measuring the hook radii or boom angle with a measuring device. overhaul ball. or use a spotter who is in direct communication with the operator to inform the operator when this point is reached. (iii) Boom hoist deceleration device. All rights reserved. or by a calculation method recognized by the industry (such as calculating a steel beam from measured dimensions and a known per foot weight). Operational aids listed in this paragraph that are not working properly must be repaired no later than 30 calendar days after the deficiency occurs. Temporary alternative measures: Clearly mark the cable (so it can be seen by the operator) at a point that will give the operator sufficient time to stop the hoist to prevent two-blocking. The device(s) must prevent such damage at all points where two-blocking could occur. (A) Luffing boom tower cranes must have a boom angle indicator readable from the operator’s station. (iv) Load hoist deceleration device. and the part is not received in time to complete the repair in 30 calendar days. A device must be provided to display the wind speed and must be mounted above the upper rotating structure on tower cranes. Temporary alternative measures: Use of wind speed information from a properly functioning indicating device on another tower crane on the Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. Temporary alternative measure: The employer must post a notice in the cab of the crane notifying the operator that the boom hoist deceleration device is malfunctioning and instructing the operator to take special care to reduce the boom speed when approaching the minimum or maximum radius limits. Temporary alternative measures: A spotter who is in direct communication with the operator must be used when operations are conducted within 10 feet of either end of the travel rail end stops. The travel distance in each direction must be limited to prevent the travel bogies from running into the end stops or buffers. On self erecting cranes. The boom speed must be automatically reduced prior to the boom reaching the minimum or maximum radius limit. 2011 must be equipped with a device that prevents the last 2 wraps of hoist cable from being spooled off the drum.

found to no longer create a safety hazard. (ii) Non-permanent installations. (iii) If the qualified person determines that. (i) The qualified person must pay particular attention to components that will be difficult to inspect thoroughly during shift inspections. (i) Permanent installations. see § 1926. Rev0913 67 . (5) Annual.1417 (Operation) applies except for § 1926.1M:2002 (incorporated by reference. all turntable and tower bolts must be inspected for proper condition and torque. § 1926. those above the upper-most brace support. (b) Operation—procedures. Cranes manufactured after November 8. (ii) The load test must be conducted in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions when available. In addition to the requirements in § 1926. (i) The minimum number of guys must be 6. except where a qualified person or derrick manufacturer approves variations from these requirements and revises the rated capacity to compensate for such variations. the test must be conducted in accordance with written load test procedures developed by a registered professional engineer familiar with the type of equipment involved. must be conducted after each erection.§ 1926. gin pole (except gin poles used for erection of communication towers). for loose or dislodged components. with or without a boom. (4) Monthly. (2) Guy derricks. that component must not be erected on the crane unless it is repaired and. Load charts must contain at least the following information: (i) Rated capacity at corresponding ranges of boom angle or operating radii. In addition to the items that must be inspected under § 1926. whether temporarily or permanently mounted. and mast. (ii) Specific lengths of components to which the rated capacities apply. braces. For permanently installed derricks with fixed lengths of boom. (1) Section 1926.1412(c). Temporary alternative measures: The weight of the load must be determined from a source recognized by the industry (such as the load’s manufacturer). basket. or a qualified person estimates the wind speed. it must be inspected by a qualified person for damage or excessive wear. or by other equally reliable means. if the crane is tied to or braced by the structure. This information must be provided to the operator prior to the lift. and its hoisting mechanism. (a) This section contains supplemental requirements for derricks. except that the term ‘‘assembly’’ is replaced by ‘‘erection. 2011 must have a device that displays the magnitude of the load on the hook. (1) Section 1926. The mast/equivalent member and/or the load is moved by the hoisting mechanism (typically basemounted) and operating ropes. Where these instructions are unavailable. The following additional items must be included: (i) Tower (mast) bolts and other structural bolts (for loose or dislodged condition) from the base of the tower crane up or. (2) Pre-erection inspection. (ii) Welding of load sustaining members must conform to recommended practices in ANSI/AWS D14. Derricks include: A-frame. (ii) The upper-most tie-in. though not presently a safety hazard.1417(c) (Accessibility of procedures). Any such determination must be documented. the component needs to be monitored.1412 (Inspections) applies to tower cranes. and variations of such equipment.1/D1. or scaled weights using a certified scale with a current certificate of calibration. stiffleg.1412(f ).6) or AWS D1. Chicago boom. the employer must ensure that the component is checked in the monthly inspections. (i) Derricks must be constructed to meet all stresses imposed on members and components when installed and operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s/builder’s procedures and within its rated capacity. (f ) Inspections. Displays that are part of load moment limiting devices that display the load on the hook meet this requirement. a load chart must be posted where it is visible to personnel responsible for the operation of the equipment.3–94 (incorporated by reference.1436 Derricks. the load chart must be readily available at the job site to personnel responsible for the operation of the equipment. (c) Construction. the following requirements must be met: (i) A load test using certified weights. (ii) If the qualified person determines that a component is damaged or worn to the extent that it would create a safety hazard if used on the crane. upon reinspection by the qualified person. or by a calculation method recognized by the industry (such as calculating a steel beam from measured dimensions and a known per foot weight). (3) Load chart location. with equal spacing. shearleg. and the documentation must be available to any individual who conducts a monthly inspection. guy.’’ Section 1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. For derricks that are not permanently installed. (iv) Size and construction of rope must be included on the load chart or in the operating manual.6). (2) Load chart contents.1413 (Wire rope—inspection) applies to tower cranes. all sections of this subpart apply to derricks unless specified otherwise. (iii) Required parts for hoist reeving. (1) General requirements. guy. A derrick is powered equipment consisting of a mast or equivalent member that is held at or near the end by guys or braces. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. floor supports and floor wedges where the tower crane is supported by the structure. (3) Post-erection inspection.1436 Derricks same site. see § 1926. All rights reserved. (vi) Load indicating device. breast. Before each crane component is erected.

when not available from the manufacturer: (A) The amount of initial sag or tension. 1970. (B) Section 7–1. (i) Guy lines must be sized and spaced so as to make the gin pole stable in both boomed and vertical positions. the employer must have the following guy information from the manufacturer or a qualified person. (ii) Accommodate attachment to the upright member of the host structure. (i) The mast base must be anchored. (B) The spacing around the mast.6): (A) Sections 7–1. (3) Stiffleg derricks. grade. (4) Gin pole derricks. The employer must ensure that new hoists are load tested to a minimum of 110% of rated capacity. except: 7–1. (C) The size. see § 1926. (iii) The anchorage and guying must be designed to withstand maximum horizontal and vertical forces encountered when operating within rated capacity with the particular guy slope and spacing specified for the application. (iii) The mast base must: (A) Permit the mast to rotate freely (when necessary). All rights reserved.1 (‘‘Load ratings and markings’’). Exception: Where the size and/or spacing of guy lines do not result in the gin pole being stable in both boomed and vertical positions. in addition to the information required in paragraph (c)(2)(ii) of this section.3 (‘‘Installation’’). (i) The mast must be supported in the vertical position by at least two stifflegs.15 (‘‘Fire extinguishers’’). (iii) Repaired or modified hoists. The fittings for stepping the boom and for attaching the topping lift must be arranged to: (i) Permit the derrick to swing at all permitted operating radii and mounting heights between fittings. (1) Load anchoring data developed by the manufacturer or a qualified person must be used. (C) Be secured to the mast to prevent disengagement during erection.2 (‘‘Construction’’).7–2001 (incorporated by reference. (5) Chicago boom derricks. (3) Stiffleg derricks. (ii) The stifflegs must be capable of withstanding the loads imposed at any point of operation within the load chart range. swinger mechanisms and hoists must be suitable for the derrick work intended and must be anchored to prevent displacement from the imposed loads. when not available from the manufacturer: (A) The number of guys. unless otherwise recommended by the manufacturer. modifications or additions affecting their capacity or safe operation must be evaluated by a qualified person to determine if a load test is Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (iv) The mast base must permit the mast to rotate freely with allowance for slight tilting of the mast caused by guy slack.2.2. but not more than 125% of rated capacity. (v) The mast cap must: (A) Permit the mast to rotate freely. Rev0913 . (i) Base mounted drum hoists must meet the requirements in the following sections of ASME B30. (B) Withstand tilting and cramping caused by the guy loads. (ii) The base of the gin pole must permit movement of the pole (when necessary). (D) Applicable terms in section 7–0. Hoists that have had repairs. (i) The mast base and stifflegs must be anchored. (iii) For guy derricks manufactured after December 18. (v) The stiffleg connecting member at the top of the mast must: (A) Permit the mast to rotate freely (when necessary). (C) Be secured so as to oppose separating forces. and construction of rope to be used for each guy. (D) Be provided with means for attaching guy ropes. (iii) Withstand the forces applied when configured and operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s/ builder’s procedures and within its rated capacity. This requirement is met where the manufacturer has conducted this testing. (2) Guy derricks. (iv) Prevent the boom or topping lift from lifting out under tensile forces. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. the employer must ensure that the derrick is not used in an unstable position. 7–1. (ii) The guys must be secured to the ground or other firm anchorage. (B) Permit deflection of the mast without binding. (1) The boom. one end of each must be connected to the top of the mast and the other end securely anchored. 68 (iii) The gin pole must be anchored at the base against horizontal forces (when such forces are present).§ 1926. (ii) The mast base and stifflegs must be designed to withstand maximum horizontal and vertical forces encountered when operating within rated capacity with the particular stiffleg spacing and slope specified for the application.13 (‘‘Operator’s cab’’). (C) Section 7–1. (ii) Load tests for new hoists.2 (‘‘Definitions’’). (d) Anchoring and guying. (2) Hoists. (B) The amount of tension in guy line rope at anchor. (e) Swingers and hoists. (B) Withstand the loads imposed by the action of the stifflegs.1436 Derricks (ii) Guy derricks must not be used unless the employer has the following guy information from the manufacturer or a qualified person. (iv) The mast must be prevented from lifting out of its socket when the mast is in tension.

Prior to initial use. or by a calculation method recognized by the industry (such as calculating a steel beam from measured dimensions and a known per foot weight). (1) Section 1926. load testing must be conducted and documented in accordance with paragraph (g) of this section. (i) [Reserved. and the part is not received in time to complete the repair in 30 days. load moment indicator. test results and the name of the tester. the qualified person must determine if any special testing of the anchorage is needed. or rated capacity limiter. (ii) The test must consist of: (A) Hoisting the test load a few inches and holding to verify that the load is supported by the derrick and held by the hoist brake(s). (h) Load testing repaired or modified derricks. (i) Anchorages.1416(e)(4) (Load weighing and similar devices). If it is. 2010 with a maximum rated capacity over 6. (1) Anchorages. All rights reserved. This must include: (1) Setting all brakes or locking devices. new or reinstalled derricks must be load tested by a competent person. the repair must be completed within 7 days of receipt of the parts. (C) Booming the derrick up and down within the allowable working radius for the test load.1417(j) for additional requirements.1412. or (ii) An electronic or other device that signals the operator in time to prevent the boom from moving past its maximum and minimum angles. (iv) Actuating the anti two-block and boom hoist limit devices (if provided). (2) Functional test. See § 1926.1416 (Operational aids) applies. except for § 1926. the derrick operator must safely stop operations. or automatically prevents such movement. or by other equally reliable means. unless otherwise recommended by the manufacturer or qualified person. Tests conducted under this paragraph must be documented.1416(d)(1) (Boom hoist limiting device). the full range of its swing. (3) Load weight/capacity devices. (ii) If using a rock or hairpin anchorage.1436 Derricks necessary. If so. Exception: If the employer documents that it has ordered the necessary parts within 7 days of the occurrence of the deficiency. whichever occurs first. (v) Actuating locking. rated capacity indicator. Rev0913 69 . the employer must ensure that either: (i) The boom hoist cable must be marked with caution and stop marks. including the structure to which the derrick is attached (if applicable). or a spotter who is in direct communication with the operator.] (j) Power failure procedures. (iv) Load test procedure. (B) Swinging the derrick. Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. Derricks that have had repairs. at the maximum allowable working radius for the test load. is used. § 1926. (4) Documentation. modifications or additions affecting the derrick’s capacity or safe operation must be evaluated by a qualified person to determine if a load test is necessary. to all persons who conduct inspections in accordance with § 1926. (iii) Swinging in each direction through the full range of swing. (i) Derricks manufactured more than one year after November 8. The document must contain the date. it must be tested accordingly. The test load must meet the following requirements: (i) Test loads must be at least 100% and no more than 110% of the rated capacity. (f ) Operational aids. (B) The test load must be lowered. during the applicable document retention period. If power fails during operations. stopped and held with the brake(s). (2) Moving all clutch and other power controls to the off position. The caution and stop marks must be in view of the operator. (C) The hoist must not be used unless a competent person determines that the test has been passed. load testing must be conducted in accordance with paragraphs (e)(2)(ii) and (iv) of this section. (2) Boom angle aid. This test must include: (i) Lifting and lowering the hook(s) through the full range of hook travel. and § 1926. (g) Post-assembly approval and testing—new or reinstalled derricks. This information must be provided to the operator prior to the lift. must be approved by a qualified person. but in no event must the test load be less than the maximum anticipated load.§ 1926. stopping and holding the load with the brake(s).1416(e)(1) (Boom angle or radius indicator). (ii) Raising and lowering the boom through the full range of boom travel. The stop marks must correspond to maximum and minimum allowable boom angles.000 pounds must have at least one of the following: load weighing device. All such documents must be available. limiting and indicating devices (if provided). The document must be retained until the derrick is re-tested or dismantled. If it is. (iii) The derrick must not be used unless the competent person determines that the test has been passed. if applicable. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (3) Load test. (D) Lowering. A boom angle indicator is not required but if the derrick is not equipped with a functioning one. Load tests required by paragraphs (e)(2)(ii) or (e)(2)(iii) of this section must be conducted as follows: (A) The test load must be hoisted a vertical distance to assure that the load is supported by the hoist and held by the hoist brake(s). (ii) A load weight/capacity device that is not working properly must be repaired no later than 30 days after the deficiency occurs. new or reinstalled derricks must be tested by a competent person with no hook load to verify proper operation. Temporary alternative measures: The weight of the load must be determined from a source recognized by the industry (such as the load’s manufacturer). Prior to initial use.

pontoons. (1) Ropes must not be handled on a winch head without the knowledge of the operator. For each monthly inspection: (i) The means used to secure/attach the equipment to the vessel/flotation device is in proper condition. For each shift inspection. (2) Annual.1437 Floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges. In addition to the requirements in § 1926. (n) The process of jumping the derrick must be supervised by the A/D director. (d) Keeping clear of the load. In addition to the safety devices listed in § 1926. the boom must be secured by one of the following methods: (i) Laid down..1437 Floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges (k) Use of winch heads. (1) When the boom is being held in a fixed position. (2) While a winch head is being used.1427 of this subpart (Operator qualification and certification) does not apply. (1) The requirements of § 1926. (p) Inspections. Section 1926. (ii) Foundation supports for continued ability to sustain the imposed loads. (2) When taken out of service for 30 days or more. (c) Work area control.1425 does not apply. at the operator’s station. pontoons. A competent person must determine if wind is a factor that needs to be considered. or (ii) Clearly mark the hazard areas by a combination of warning signs (such as. The safety device must be located in the cab or. (2) Monthly. (q) Qualification and Training.§ 1926. (h) Inspections. railings or similar barriers to mark the boundaries of the hazard areas. (g) Accessibility of procedures applicable to equipment operation. (iv) For stiffleg derricks. If the crane/derrick has a cab. (e) Additional safety devices. corrosion. vessel or other means of flotation used to support a floating crane/derrick or land crane/derrick. (1) An anti two-block device is required only when hoisting personnel or hoisting over an occupied cofferdam or shaft. (2) Procedures applicable to the operation of the equipment (other than load charts). must be readily available on board the vessel/ flotation device. the requirements of § 1926.1424 (Work area control) apply. or sea bed and the barge is fully supported by the jacks. and pile driving work performed under this section. (l) [Reserved. including inspection for wear. the load charts are posted on the equipment. and ensure that: (1) Shift. insufficient tension. if wind needs to be considered. except for § 1926. (a) This section contains supplemental requirements for floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/ derricks on barges. pontoons.1424(a)(2)(ii). All rights reserved. clamshell (grapple). concrete bucket. pontoon. or other positive holding mechanisms on the boom hoist must be engaged. (b) General requirements. The sections of this subpart apply to floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges. (o) Derrick operations must be supervised by a competent person. lake.1412. secured against the stiffleg. special hazard warnings. § 1926. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. Section 1926. pawls. If the operator’s station is moveable (such as with pendant-controlled equipment). The requirements of this section do not apply when using jacked barges when the jacks are deployed to the river. (ii) Secured to a stationary member. as nearly under the head as possible. drop ball. unless specified otherwise. including wear. and. pontoons. vessels or other means of flotation. (iii) For guy derricks. (3) Wind speed and direction indicator. lifted to a vertical position and secured to the mast. (f ) Operational aids. defective welds. (2) Section 1926. (i) Gudgeon pin for cracks. and distortion. (2) Positive equipment house lock. by attachment of a sling to the load block. the means used to secure/attach the equipment to the vessel/flotation device is in proper condition. vessels or other means of flotation (i. Rev0913 . loose or missing fasteners. the employer must ensure that: (1) Rated capacities (load charts) are posted at the operator’s station. recommended operating speeds.1417(c) apply. the following additional items must be included in the inspections: (1) Daily: Guys for proper tension. vessels or other means of flotation. the operator must be within reach of the power unit control lever. vessel/ flotation device).1412 for inspecting the crane/derrick.] (m) Securing the boom.1416(e)(4) (Load weighing and similar devices) does not apply to dragline. In addition to meeting the requirements of § 1926. magnet. The requirements in paragraphs (c) through (k) of this section apply to both floating cranes/ derricks and land cranes/ derricks on barges. (2) The employer must either: 70 (i) Erect and maintain control lines. warning lines. and (when applicable) insufficient tension. corrosion. a wind speed and direction indicator must be used. when there is no cab.e. container handling. instructions and operators manual. wear. The employer must train each operator of a derrick on the safe operation of equipment the individual will operate. If the crane/derrick does not have a cab. the following safety devices are required: (1) Barge. dogs. vessel or other means of flotation list and trim device. In addition. ‘‘Danger—Swing/Crush Zone’’) and high visibility markings on the equipment that identify the hazard areas. the employer must train each employee to understand what these markings signify.1415. the employer must inspect the barge. when applicable.

it must not be used for any other purpose until the diver is back on board. (ii) Rescue skiffs. an immediate determination is made by the surveyor as to whether the deficiency constitutes a hazard or. or deformation that could impair the function of these items. except that the documentation for that inspection must be retained for a minimum of 4 years. or other means of flotation. (2) The employer must ensure that the manufacturer’s specifications and limitations with respect to environmental. needs to be monitored in the monthly inspections. an immediate determination is made by the qualified person whether the deficiency constitutes a hazard or. lifelines. vessel. pontoon. operational and in-transit loads when used in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications and limitations. (B) Cleats. pontoons. operational. and hatches. life preservers and ring buoys are inspected for proper condition. evidence of leaks and damage below the waterline may be determined through internal inspection of the vessel/flotation device. (B) If the surveyor determines that. licensed surveyor. (A) If the surveyor determines that the deficiency constitutes a hazard. though not yet a hazard. (iii) If any deficiency is identified. For each four-year inspection: (i) A marine engineer. (k) Manufacturer’s specifications and limitations. the deficiency is checked in the monthly inspections.] (j) Working with a diver. (4) The means used to secure the crane/derrick to the vessel/flotation device (see paragraph (n)(5) of this section) must not allow any amount of shifting in any direction. (ii) If the deficiency is determined to constitute a hazard. (1) The employer must ensure that the barge. as appropriate. operational and in-transit loads for the barge. fenders. (E) Firefighting equipment for serviceability. (2) The operator must remain at the controls of the crane/ derrick at all times. or other qualified person who has expertise with respect to vessels/flotation devices surveys the internal portion of the barge. during the applicable document retention period. (3) When the manufacturer’s specifications and limitations are unavailable.1412(f )(7). pontoons. vessel.] Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (A) If the qualified person determines that the deficiency constitutes a hazard. needs to be monitored in the monthly or annual inspections. to all persons who conduct inspections in accordance with § 1926. and stanchions. vessel. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. and: (i) If any deficiency is identified. ladders.1422 (Signals). Rev0913 71 . or other means of flotation are not exceeded or violated. When used for more than one diver. (4) Annual: external vessel/flotation device inspection. though not presently a hazard. The employer must meet the following additional requirements when working with a diver in the water: (1) If a crane/derrick is used to get a diver into and out of the water. (6) Documentation. the deficiency is checked in the monthly or annual inspections. (3) In addition to the requirements in §§ 1926. vessel.§ 1926. for significant corrosion. (ii) If the surveyor identifies a deficiency. deterioration. bitts. as appropriate. capstans. or other means of flotation must be capable of withstanding imposed environmental. though not yet a hazard. or (ii) The signals between the operator and tender must be transmitted electronically. an immediate determination is made by a qualified person whether the deficiency constitutes a hazard. fuel compartments. the employer must ensure that the specifications and limitations established by a qualified person with respect to environmental. See requirements in § 1926. the deficiency needs to be monitored. storage. (iv) The vessel/flotation device is watertight based on the condition of the chain lockers. and in-transit loads for a barge. and that the four-year inspection required in paragraph (h)(5) of this section is documented in accordance with § 1926. the vessel/flotation device is removed from service until the deficiency has been corrected. respectively. pontoons. it must not be used for any other purpose until all divers are back on board. The monthly and annual inspections required in paragraphs (h)(2) and (h)(4) of this section are documented in accordance with §§ 1926.1437 Floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges (ii) The vessel/flotation device is not taking on water. For each annual inspection: (i) The external portion of the barge.1417(f ). (C) External evidence of leaks and structural damage. All rights reserved. (iii) The deckload is properly secured.1412(f )(7). (v) The firefighting and lifesaving equipment is in place and functional. (D) Four-corner draft readings. wear. work vests. (5) Four-year: internal vessel/flotation device inspection. pontoons. the vessel/flotation device is removed from service until it has been corrected. chocks. though not presently a hazard.1412. or other means of flotation are not exceeded or violated.1419 through 1926. vessel or other means of flotation used is inspected annually by a qualified person who has expertise with respect to vessels/flotation devices and that the inspection includes the following items: (A) The items identified in paragraphs (h)(1) (Shift) and (h)(2) (Monthly) of this section. the vessel/flotation device is removed from service until it has been corrected. the deficiency needs to be monitored. (l) [Reserved. either: (i) A clear line of sight must be maintained between the operator and tender. marine architect.1412 (e)(3) and 1926. (B) If the qualified person determines that. All such documents must be made available. (3) The shift and monthly inspections are conducted by a competent person. (i) [Reserved.

.. vessel or other means of flotation must not exceed the amount necessary to ensure that the conditions in paragraph (n)(4) of this section are met... and wind.. pontoons. an amount is not so specified... the amount specified by the crane/derrick manufacturer... (iii) The conditions required in paragraphs (n)(3) and (n)(4) of this section are met. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.. the employer must comply with all parameters and limitations (such as dynamic and environmental parameters) applicable to the use of the charts...) TABLE M2 Wind speed (mph) Minimum freeboard (ft) Rated capacity ..... vessels or other means of flotation: (1) Load charts.. when..§ 1926.. In addition.. the amount specified by the qualified person.. vessel or other means of flotation used are above water.. (ii) The employer must ensure that load charts take into consideration a minimum wind speed of 40 miles per hour. pontoons. trim. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. TABLE M1 Maximum allowable list (degrees) Maximum allowable trim (degrees) 25 tons or less . (i) The maximum allowable list and the maximum allowable trim for the barge.. (Note: Freeboard is the vertical distance between the water line and the main deck of the vessel.. or a qualified person who has expertise with respect to both land crane/derrick capacity and the stability of vessels/flotation devices. pontoon.... When using these charts. 60 1 High boom.. Rev0913 .. Such documents must be signed by a registered professional engineer who is a qualified person with respect to the design of this type of equipment (including the means of flotation).. (ii) The maximum allowable list and the maximum allowable trim for the land crane/derrick does not exceed the amount specified by the crane/derrick manufacturer.. For land cranes/derricks used on barges.. (iii) Have access to void compartments to allow for inspection and pumping. when.. 7 7 10 10 Rated capacity Equipment designed for marine use by permanent attachment (other than derricks): Derricks designed for marine use by permanent attachment: Any rated capacity ... pontoons.. no load ... 5 5 Over 25 tons ...... (3) For list and trim.. (ii) Be applicable to a specified location(s) on the specific barge. (n) Land cranes/derricks.. vessel or other means of flotation used: (i) Are structurally sufficient to withstand the static and dynamic loads of the crane/derrick when operating at the crane/derrick’s maximum rated capacity with all planned and actual deck loads and ballasted compartments.. under the environmental conditions expected and encountered. (2) The employer must ensure that the requirements for maximum allowable list and maximum allowable trim as specified in Table M1 of this section are met. no load... (2) The rated capacity modification required in paragraph (n)(1) of this section is performed by the equipment manufacturer... For equipment designed by the manufacturer (or employer) for marine use by permanent attachment to barges. the maximum allowable list and the maximum allowable trim does not exceed the least of the following: 5 degrees. 72 90 (4) If the equipment is employer-made. 60 2 Rated capacity plus 25% .. (ii) Have a subdivided hull with one or more longitudinal watertight bulkheads for reducing the free-surface effect. it must not be used unless the employer has documents demonstrating that the load charts and applicable parameters for use meet the requirements of paragraphs (m)(1) through (3) of this section. or. (5) The employer must ensure that the barge. vessels or other means of flotation. or.... (3) The employer must ensure that the equipment is stable under the conditions specified in Tables M2 and M3 of this section...... the employer must ensure that: (1) The rated capacity of the equipment (including but not limited to modification of load charts) applicable for use on land is reduced to: (i) Account for increased loading from list... full back list (least stable condition). pontoons.. (4) For the following conditions: (i) All deck surfaces of the barge. pontoons... the amount specified by the qualified person.. an amount is not so specified. All rights reserved. 60 2 Operated at TABLE M3 Wind speed Operated at For backward stability of the boom: High boom. vessel or other means of flotation that will be used...1437 Floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges (m) Floating cranes/derricks.. wave action. (i) The employer must not exceed the manufacturer load charts applicable to operations on water.

179(b)(1). (a) Permanently installed overhead and gantry cranes. (v) The plan specifies the dynamic and environmental conditions that must be present for use of the plan. § 1926. Option (2). Employers must ensure that rail clamps and rail stops are used unless the system is designed to prevent movement during operation by other means. the requirement specified by paragraph (n)(5) of this section to use Option (1). and others having the same fundamental characteristics. Option (3). The employer must ensure that the wire rope system meets the following requirements: (A) The wire rope and attachments are of sufficient size and strength to support the side load of crane/derrick. rails system and centerline cable system meet the requirements in Option (1). and lack of physical attachment (or corralling. a corralling system). For mobile auxiliary cranes used on the deck of a floating crane/derrick. Option (2) or Option (4) of paragraph (n)(5) of this section. The crane/ derrick is prevented from shifting by being mounted to a wire rope system. (ii) Have a subdivided hull with one or more longitudinal watertight bulkheads for reducing the free surface effect. and that the method used will allow the crew to secure the crane/derrick from movement during operation and to move the crane/ derrick longitudinally along the vessel/ flotation device for repositioning. or Option (4) does not apply when the employer demonstrates implementation of a plan and procedures that meet the following requirements: (i) A marine engineer or registered professional engineer familiar with floating crane/derrick design develops and signs a written plan for the use of the mobile auxiliary crane. Rev0913 73 . (6) Exception. vessel or other means of flotation used: (i) Are structurally sufficient to withstand the static and dynamic loads of the crane/derrick when operating at the crane/derrick’s maximum rated capacity with all anticipated deck loads and ballasted compartments.179. vessel or other means of flotation. The crane/ derrick must be prevented from shifting by being mounted on a rail system. except for § 1910. cantilever gantry. Employers must ensure that corralling systems do not allow the equipment to shift by any amount of shifting in any direction. (ii) The plan is designed so that the applicable requirements of this section are met despite the position. (E) The crane/derrick is secured from movement during operation. including semigantry. or other methods of physical attachment. semigantry. and that whichever option is used also meets the requirements of paragraph (n)(5)(v) of this section. bolting or welding the crane/derrick to the vessel/ flotation device. All rights reserved.§ 1926. (i) Option (1)—Physical attachment. storage bridge cranes. The crane/ derrick is prevented from shifting by installing barricade restraints (i. strapping the crane/ derrick to the vessel/flotation device with chains. (iv) Option (4)—Centerline cable system. use of rails or cable system) of the mobile auxiliary crane. travel. the mobile auxiliary crane is attached physically or corralled in accordance with Option (1). Option (3). storage bridge cranes. (iii) Option (3)—Rails. (7) The barge. irrespective of whether it travels on tracks. corralling. pontoons. The crane/derrick is physically attached to the barge. cantilever gantry. launching gantry cranes. The requirements of § 1910. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (vi) If the dynamic and environmental conditions in paragraph (n)(6)(v) of this section are exceeded.. (iv) The deck is marked to identify the permitted areas for positioning. travel. (iii) Have access to void compartments to allow for inspection and pumping. and similar equipment having the same fundamental characteristics. registered professional engineer familiar with floating crane/ derrick design. and not the requirements of this subpart CC. operation. (b) Overhead and gantry cranes that are not permanently installed in a facility. Option (3). wall cranes. pontoons. and operation. Methods of physical attachment include crossed-cable systems attached to the crane/derrick and vessel/flotation device. Option (2). travel. and the parameters and limitations of such movements and operation. or Option (4) of this section. pontoons. (iii) The plan specifies the areas of the deck where the mobile auxiliary crane is permitted to be positioned. (C) The wire rope is attached to the crane/derrick by appropriate attachment methods (such as shackles or sheaves) on the undercarriage. wheels. or other means. Option (2).e.1438 Overhead & gantry cranes (ii) The entire bottom area of the barge. (D) Means are installed to prevent the crane/derrick from passing the forward or aft end of the wire rope attachments. (ii) Option (2)—Corralling. apply to the following equipment when used in construction and permanently installed in a facility: overhead and gantry cranes. (5) Physical attachment. (v) The systems/means used to comply with Option (1). or Option (4) of this section are designed by a marine engineer. (2) The following requirements apply to equipment identified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section: Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. and operate. overhead/bridge cranes. wall cranes. or qualified person familiar with floating crane/derrick design. (B) The wire rope is attached physically to the vessel/flotation device. vessel or other means of flotation used is submerged. (1) This paragraph applies to the following equipment when used in construction and not permanently installed in a facility: Overhead and gantry cranes.1438 Overhead & gantry cranes.

1427 (Operator qualification and certification). in writing. § 1926.1439.3 (‘‘General Requirements—Stabilizers (Wheel-Type Side Boom Tractors)’’). (b) Section 1926.1425(c)(3) (qualified rigger)).1441 Equipment with a rated hoisting/lifting capacity of 2. (6) Section 14–1.5 (‘‘Ropes and Reeving Accessories’’). 2010. ‘‘29 CFR 1910. (f )(6). (10) In section 14–3. § 1926..2. § 1926. §§ 1926.3. (ii) Post-assembly inspection.1 (‘‘Booms’’). 2– 1.(5).7.1416 (Operational aids).2 (‘‘General Requirements—Exhaust Gases’’). 2–1. (l).179.3 (‘‘Operating Practices’’). § 1926. 2– 1.3 (‘‘Side Boom Tractor Travel’’). § 1926. §§ 1926. 2–1. except the phrase ‘‘When required by law.1. 2–1.1434 (Equipment modifications). (k).4.1438) was manufactured before September 19. § 1926. and (m). 2–1.179(b)(2). Upon completion of assembly. All rights reserved. (5) Section 14–1. § 1926. and § 1926.2. the equipment is inspected to ensure that it is in compliance with paragraph (b)(2)(i) of Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (2) Components and configuration.1432 (Multiple crane/derrick lifts—supplemental requirements).1426(a)(2)(i). § 1926.13. 2–1.1414 (Wire rope).1406 (Assembly/disassembly—employer procedures). § 1926. The employer must ensure that: (i) The selection of components.2 (‘‘Operator Qualifications’’). § 1926.179: (A) Paragraphs (b)(5). § 1926.7.2. and § 1926. (3) Section 14–1. only §§ 1926.1.1426 (Free fall and controlled load lowering). § 1926.1. 2–1.6 (‘‘General Requirements—Clutch and Brake Protection’’). (C) Section 1910. (c) Section 1926. see § 1926. (B) The definitions in § 1910. (12) In section 14–3.(7).1423 (Fall protection). § 1926. (f )(1)—(f )(4). (a) The provisions of this standard apply. Rev0913 .1. (2) Section 14–1. except that it applies only to equipment that has been altered or modified.8.1401 apply.5.1438 (Overhead & gantry cranes).1441. 2–1. 2–1.2. § 1926. and the configuration of the equipment.1413 through 1926.1. In addition.1403 (Assembly/ disassembly—selection of manufacturer or employer procedures). limitations. except in 2–3. except § 1926. but only where the equipment identified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section (§ 1926.000 pounds or less. (a) The provisions of subpart CC apply to dedicated pile drivers.2.(4).2 (‘‘Testing—Rated Load Test’’).5 applies. § 1926.(6). see § 1926.7.2.15.2.6): (1) Section 14–1.1400 (Scope).7. § 1926.1414. §§ 1926. 2–3.’’ (11) In section 14–3.14. the selection and configuration of components.1.1.3.1441(b)(2)–(3). and (n) of § 1910.3 (‘‘Moving the Load’’).1415 (Safety devices).1433(d) and (e) apply to dedicated pile drivers.1416(d)(3) (Anti two-blocking device) does not apply.5.000 pounds or less.1434 (Equipment modifications).1437 (Floating cranes/ derricks and land cranes/ derricks on barges).7. the following sections of ASME B30. 2001. 2–1. §§ 1926.1412(c) (Post-assembly).’’ § 1926.179(a) except for ‘‘hoist’’ and ‘‘load.1439 Dedicated pile drivers. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC.§ 1926.147’’ is substituted for ‘‘ANSI Z244. 74 (9) Section 14–2.7. a registered professional engineer familiar with the type of equipment involved must approve.14–2004 (incorporated by reference.6) apply: 2–1. (b) Assembly/disassembly.9.1419 through 1926. (iii) For equipment manufactured on or after September 19.1425 (Keeping clear of the load) (except for § 1926. (7) Section 14–1.1422 (Signals). paragraphs (e).1411 (Power line safety). and specifications. 2–1.1401 (Definitions). (ii) The following portions of § 1910.1426 (Free fall and controlled load lowering) applies. paragraph (a). 2001.1407 through 1926.1403 (Assembly/disassembly— selection of manufacturer or employer procedures) and 1926.1425.1440 Sideboom cranes. Sideboom cranes in which the boom is designed to free fall (live boom) are permitted only if manufactured prior to November 8. (e)(1). recommendations. (f ) (1).1435 (Tower cranes). or (B) Approved modifications that meet the requirements of § 1926. (4) Section 14–1.6.1.2.2–2005 (incorporated by reference. § 1926. § 1926. except § 1926.1400 through 1926.1406 (Assembly/ disassembly—employer procedures).1427 through 1926. the definitions in § 1926. (a) The employer using this equipment must comply with the following provisions of this subpart: § 1926.1433. that affect the capacity or safe operation of the equipment complies with either the: (A) Manufacturer instructions. (8) Section 14–1.4 (‘‘General Requirements—Welded Construction’’).1402 (Ground conditions). and (i). (1) In addition to compliance with §§ 1926.1434. When these documents and information are unavailable.(3).11.’’ For those words.1418 (Authority to stop operation).14. the employer must also comply with § 1926.7. 2–1. (h)(1).9. (c) Sideboom cranes mounted on wheel or crawler tractors must meet all of the following requirements of ASME B30. §§ 1926. 2–2.1416(e)(4) (Load weighing and similar devices) applies only to dedicated pile drivers manufactured after November 8.2.1436 (Derricks).1426(d).12. (b) Section 1926. The following paragraphs of this section specify requirements for employers using equipment with a maximum rated hoisting/lifting capacity of 2.14. (d) In § 1926.1(b).1438 Overhead & gantry cranes (i) Sections 1926. (g). 2–3.1402 (Ground conditions). (h). 2011.1 (‘‘Load Ratings’’).2.1437.(3). except as specified in this section. paragraphs (j). § 1926. (f )(7).3. § 1926.(6). § 1926. § 1926.2. 2–1.1417 through 1926.

§ 1926. special hazard warnings.] (j) Hoisting personnel. The employer must ensure that: (i) The load chart is available to the operator at the control station. Rev0913 75 . including its use with attachments.1442 Severability. recommended operating speeds.1412(c) for post. by using a power unit that stalls in response to a two-block situation). (2) Anti two-blocking. (iii) When rated capacities are available at the control station only in electronic form and a failure occurs that makes the rated capacities inaccessible. (ii) Procedures applicable to the operation of the equipment. The employer must comply with applicable manufacturer prohibitions. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. prior to operating the equipment. (d) Safety devices and operational aids. (ii) Ensure that procedures for the operational controls are developed by a qualified person. The employer must: (i) When the manufacturer’s procedures are unavailable. (k) Design.1416(d)(3). (g) [Reserved. (c) Operation—procedures. The employer must train each signal person in the proper use of signals applicable to the use of the equipment. (3) Accessibility. in the event of a two-block situation. all procedures necessary for the safe operation of the equipment and attachments. The employer must ensure that equipment is inspected in accordance with manufacturer procedures. (1) The employer must ensure that safety devices and operational aids that are part of the original equipment are maintained in accordance with manufacturer procedures. instructions. on the safe operation of the type of equipment the operator will be using. Should a court of competent jurisdiction hold any provision(s) of subpart CC to be invalid. such action shall not affect any other provision of the subpart. (2) Unavailable operation procedures. (3) Manufacturer prohibitions.§ 1926.1442 Severability this section (see § 1926. the operator immediately ceases operations or follows safe shut-down procedures until the rated capacities (in electronic or other form) are available. BILLING CODE 4510–26–P Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. The employer must ensure that equipment covered by this section is not used to hoist personnel. (f ) Signal person qualifications. no damage or load failure will occur (for example. (i) [Reserved. (1) The employer must comply with all manufacturer procedures applicable to the operational functions of the equipment. All rights reserved.] (h) Inspections. (e) Operator qualifications. and ensure compliance with. or is designed so that. 2010 have either an anti two-block device that meets the requirements of § 1926. (iii) Ensure that procedures related to the capacity of the equipment are developed and signed by a registered professional engineer familiar with the equipment. and operator’s manual are readily available for use by the operator. The employer must ensure that equipment covered by this section manufactured more than one year after November 8. develop. The employer must train each operator. The employer must ensure that the equipment is designed by a qualified engineer.assembly inspection requirements).

NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. All rights reserved. Rev0913 .Appendix A—Standard Hand Signals Appendix A to Subpart CC of Part 1926—Standard Hand Signals 76 Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.

NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. except where the requirements of § 1926. All rights reserved. the aerial lift basket must move under the boom. To gain access to the pins on the far side.1404(f )(2) are met. Rev0913 77 . jib. or other components. In such a situation. the A/D director must implement procedures that minimize the risk of unintended dangerous movement and minimize the duration and extent of exposure under the boom. Due to lack of room. due to lack of room.Appendix B—Assembly/Disassembly: Sample Procedures for Minimizing the Risk of Unintended Dangerous Boom Movement Appendix B to Subpart CC of Part 1926—Assembly/Disassembly: Sample Procedures for Minimizing the Risk of Unintended Dangerous Boom Movement 1. The boom must therefore be disassembled in the air. for example. The exception in § 1926. or other components when pins (or similar devices) are being removed. The following scenario is an example of how the exception applies: A boom cannot be disassembled on the ground because of aboveground piping (as might be found. the aerial Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. since. Section 1926.1404(f )(1) provides that when pins (or similar devices) are being removed. employees must not be under the boom. jib. and the employees who remove the pins must perform that work from an aerial lift whose base is positioned on one side (the near side) of the boom.1404(f )(2) applies when the employer demonstrates that site constraints require one or more employees to be under the boom. in an oil refinery) that precludes lowering the boom to the ground. the aerial lift cannot be repositioned on the far side.

1404(h)(6)(ii) states that. such as: (i) Slings. it would indicate it is not rigged over the center of gravity). (a) General technical information. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. (iv) Moving with the load. the A/D director is not able to determine where to attach the assist crane hoist line so that it is above the center of gravity. (11) How to use the safety devices and operational aids required under § 1926. (ii) Electrical. auditors and government entities developing criteria for a written examination to test an individual’s technical knowledge relating to the operation of cranes. 2. using particular care to ensure that the section end that is near the employee(s) removing the pins is well supported. (14) How to use manufacturer-approved attachments and their effect on the equipment. the hoist line is repositioned and the procedure repeated (with employees kept clear of the section while it is raised) until the A/D director determines that it is rigged over the center of gravity and can be moved into place without dangerous movement. (iii) Impact loading. (7) The basics of machine power flow systems. (ii) Weaknesses on the surface (such as retaining walls. where there is insufficient information to accurately identify the center of gravity. (iii) Insulated links. (iv) How to determine the manufacturer’s recommended rope for the crane. (6) Basic crane terms. (10) Background information necessary to understand the requirements of pre-operation and inspection. All rights reserved. (ii) Capacity and when multi-part rope is needed. (v) Saddles (softeners). all personnel are kept clear of the section and the section is first raised a few inches to determine whether it tips when raised (if it did tip. and microwave structures. (v) Proximity to electric power lines.1404(h)(6)(i) provides that. shackles and wedge sockets. (iv) Wire rope fittings.1414. An example of the application of § 1926. (12) The difference between duty-cycle and lifting operations.1415 and § 1926. (vi) Clamps (beams). depressions). However. Rev0913 . so the aerial basket must move under the boom to gain access to the pins on the far side.Appendix B—Assembly/Disassembly: Sample Procedures for Minimizing the Risk of Unintended Dangerous Boom Movement lift cannot be repositioned on the far side. To minimize the risk of unintended dangerous movement while the pins are removed. before raising the section. (i) Mechanical. (8) The significance of the instruments and gauge readings. tanks. radii. moving the aerial lift basket as soon as possible to the near side so that the employees are no longer under the boom. (iii) Pneumatic. The A/D director’s plan is to keep the boom sections stable while they are lowered into place by attaching the assist crane hoist line above the center of gravity of each section. Section 1926. Elements include: (i) Weaknesses below the surface (such as voids. accredited testing organizations. Section 1926. measures designed to prevent unintended dangerous movement resulting from an inaccurate identification of the center of gravity must be used. (iii) Relationship between line pull and safe working load. (16) The effects of dynamic loading from: (i) Wind. (5) The effects of load share and load transfer in multicrane lifts. (iii) Lifting beams. If this occurs. Copyright 20112013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (15) How to obtain dimensions. excavations. In this situation. (iv) Boom cages.1404(h)(6)(ii) is as follows: The boom is assembled by lowering boom sections sequentially into place using an assist crane. (13) How to calculate net capacity for every possible configuration of the equipment using the manufacturer’s load chart. and then removing the near side pins. loose fill). such as clips. The duration and extent of exposure is minimized by removing the far side pins first. (ii) Stopping and starting. (ii) Spreaders. (18) The principles of backward stability. Appendix C to Subpart CC of Part 1926—Operator Certification: Written Examination: Technical Knowledge Criteria This appendix contains information for employers. and center of gravity of the load.1413 and § 1926. weight. (b) Site information. in assembling the non-symmetrical top section of the boom. the center of gravity of the load must be identified if that is necessary for the method used for maintaining stability. slopes. (iv) Hydraulic. (17) The effect of side loading. 78 (3) Rigging devices and their use.1416. (4) The technical limitations of protective measures against electrical hazards: (i) Grounding. (1) The functions and limitations of the crane and attachments. (9) The effects of thermal expansion and contraction in hydraulic cylinders. during assembly/ disassembly. (ii) Proximity warning devices. (1) How to identify the suitability of the supporting ground/surface to support the expected loads of the operation. (v) Combination. the A/D director uses an assist crane that is rigged to support the boom section that is being detached. (2) Wire rope: (i) Background information necessary to understand the inspection and removal from service criteria in § 1926.

Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. (1) How to pick. (7) How to properly level the equipment. (vi) Lifting loads from beneath the surface of the water. (iii) Operating near power lines. (vii) Carrier or travel malfunction. jib erected or offset. (ix) Multi-drum operations. (2) How to communicate at the site with supervisors. (3) Proper procedures and methods of reeving wire ropes and methods of reeving multiple-part lines and selecting the proper load block and/or ball. (vii) Using various approved counterweight configurations. (2) Know how to ensure that the load chart is the appropriate chart for the equipment in its particular configuration and application. and understand how environmental conditions affect the safe operation of the equipment. (viii) Magnet operations. (d) Use of load charts. (4) How to review operation plans with supervisors and other workers (such as the signal person). (3) Identification of site hazards such as power lines. (viii) Handling loads out of the operator’s vision (‘‘operating in the blind’’). outriggers. (5) How to determine if there is adequate room for extension of crawlers or outriggers/ stabilizers and counterweights. (14) Know the proper procedures for load control and the use of hand-held tag lines. (iii) Loss of stability. stabilizers. (vii) Operations on water. (ii) Approaching a two-block condition. (iv) Hoisting personnel. Rev0913 79 . (v) Two-blocking. the crew and the signal person. (10) Know basic rigging procedures. (15) Know the emergency response procedure for: (i) Fires. (v) Using other than full outrigger/crawler or stabilizer extensions. (12) Know that the following operations require specific procedures and skill levels: (i) Multi-crane lifts. (iv) Pile driving and extracting. This includes knowing: (i) The operational limitations of load charts and footnotes. (ix) Using electronic communication systems for signal communication. (9) How to determine where the load is to be picked up and placed and how to verify the radii. (13) Know the proper procedures for operating safely under the following conditions: (i) Traveling with suspended loads. (iii) The difference between structural capacity and capacity limited by stability. (vi) Demolition operations. (iv) What is included in capacity ratings. and traffic. and travel clearance. or outriggers/stabilizers extended or retracted. crawlers. load radius. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. piping.Appendix C—Operator Certification: Written Examination: Technical Knowledge Criteria (2) Proper use of mats. All rights reserved. (vi) Overload. (6) Know how to apply the manufacturer’s specifications for operating in various weather conditions. (vi) The work area chart and its relationship to the load chart. (vii) Where to find and how to use the ‘‘parts-of-line’’ information. (c) Operations. blocking/cribbing. (1) Know the terminology necessary to use load charts. including how to determine working height. (v) The range diagram and its relationship to the load chart. or crawlers. (iv) Control malfunction. (16) Know how to properly use outriggers and stabilizers in accordance with manufacturer specifications. (8) How to verify the weight of the load and rigging prior to initiating the lift. (5) How to shut down and secure the equipment properly when leaving it unattended. swing and place the load smoothly and safely on rubber tires and on outriggers/stabilizers or crawlers (where applicable). (iii) Clamshell/dragline operations. (ii) How to relate the chart to the configuration of the crane. (v) Concrete operations. carry. (4) How to react to changes in conditions that affect the safe operation of the equipment. (ii) Power line contact. boom length. (ii) Hoisting personnel. (4) Know how to use the load chart together with the load indicators and/or load moment devices. including poured-in-place and tilt-up. and various counterweight configurations. (3) Know how to use load charts. (11) How to carry out the shift inspection required in this subpart.

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org INTERNATIONAL ASSESSMENT INSTITUTE Attention: NCCCO Testing 600 Cleveland Street. Suite 505 Fairfax. Florida 33755 Phone: 727-449-8525 Fax: 727-461-2746 Copyright 2011–2013 National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators.IMPORTANT CONTACT INFORMATION NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF CRANE OPERATORS 2750 Prosperity Avenue. NCCCO Guide to OSHA 29 CFR 1926 SUBPART CC. Suite 900 Clearwater. All rights reserved. Rev0913 81 . VA 22031-4312 Phone: 703-560-2391 Fax: 703-560-2392 E-mail: info@nccco.

org www.org . VA 22031-4312 Phone: 703-560-2391 Fax: 703-560-2392 info@nccco.NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF CRANE OPERATORS 2750 Prosperity Avenue.nccco. Suite 505 Fairfax.