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The Message Box

• One of the best functions in Visual Basic is the message box. The message box displays a message, optional icon, and selected set of command buttons. The user responds by clicking a button. • The statement form of the message box returns no value (it simply displays the box): MsgBox Message, Type, Title Where Message Text message to be displayed Type Type of message box (discussed in a bit) Title Text in title bar of message box You have no control over where the message box appears on the screen.

• The function form of the message box returns an integer value (corresponding to the button clicked by the user). Example of use (Response is returned value): • Dim Response as Integer • Response = MsgBox(Message, Type, Title) • The Type argument is formed by summing four values corresponding to the buttons to display, any icon to show, which button is the default response, and the modality of the message box.

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The first component of the Type value specifies the buttons to display: Value Meaning Symbolic Constant 0 OK button only vbOKOnly 1 OK/Cancel buttons vbOKCancel 2 Abort/Retry/Ignore buttons vbAbortRetryIgnore 3 Yes/No/Cancel buttons vbYesNoCancel 4 Yes/No buttons vbYesNo 5 Retry/Cancel buttons vbRetryCancel The second component of Type specifies the icon to display in the message box: Value Meaning Symbolic Constant 0 No icon (None) 16 Critical icon vbCritical 32 Question mark vbQuestion 48 Exclamation point vbExclamation 64 Information icon vbInformation · The third component of Type specifies which button is default (i.e. pressing Enter is the same as clicking the default button): Value Meaning Symbolic Constant 0 First button default vbDefaultButton1 256 Second button default vbDefaultButton2 512 Third button default vbDefaultButton3 · The fourth and final component of Type specifies the modality: Value Meaning Symbolic Constant 0 Application modal vbApplicationModal 4096 System modal vbSystemModal If the box is Application Modal, the user must respond to the box before continuing work in the current application. If the box is System Modal, all applications are suspended until the user responds to the message box.

• Note for each option in Type, there are numeric values listed and symbolic constants. Recall, it is strongly suggested that the symbolic constants be used instead of the numeric values. You should agree that vbOKOnly means more than the number 0 when selecting the button type. • The value returned by the function form of the message box is related to the button clicked: • Value Meaning Symbolic Constant • 1 OK button selected vbOK • 2 Cancel button selected vbCancel • 3 Abort button selected vbAbort • 4 Retry button selected vbRetry • 5 Ignore button selected vbIgnore • 6 Yes button selected vbYes • 7 No button selected vbNo

MsgBox “This is an example of a message box”, vbOKCancel + vbInformation, “Message Box Example”

• You've seen message boxes if you've ever used a Windows application. Think of all the examples you've seen. For example, message boxes are used to ask you if you wish to save a file before exiting and to warn you if a disk drive is not ready.

InputBox function
• The InputBox function displays a dialog box, where the user can write some input and/or click on a button. If the user clicks the OK button or presses ENTER on the keyboard, the InputBox function will return the text in the text box. If the user clicks on the Cancel button, the function will return an empty string ("").

• Prompt: Required. The message to show in the dialog box. Maximum length is 1024 characters. You can separate the lines using a carriage return character (Chr(13)), a linefeed character (Chr(10)), or carriage return–linefeed character combination (Chr(13) & Chr(10)) between each line Title: Optional. The title of the dialog box. Default is the application name. Default: Optional. A default text in the text box Xpos: Optional. The horizontal distance of the left edge of the dialog box from the left edge of the screen. If omitted, the dialog box is horizontally centered. Ypos: Optional. The vertical distance of the upper edge of the dialog box from the top of the screen. If omitted, the dialog box is vertically positioned one-third of the way down the screen. Helpfile: Optional. The name of a Help file to use. Must be used with the context parameter. Context: Optional. The Help context number to the Help topic. Must be used with the helpfile parameter

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• Example
dim fname as string fname=InputBox("Enter your name:") MsgBox("Your name is " & fname)